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RASHTREEYA SIKSHANA SAMITHI TRUST

R.V.COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
BANGALORE 560 059

(An Autonomous Institution affiliated to VTU, Belgaum)


DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ASSIGNMENT
TOPIC: ROBOT SCEDULING SYSTEM FOR FMC

COURSE: FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS


COURSE CODE: 12ME6D3

NAME OF THE STUDENT


BHADRI RAJASAI

USN
1RV12ME023

SEMESTER: VI
SECTION: A
Report

: 5 Marks

References

: 5 Marks

TOTAL

: 10 MARKS

10

ROBOT SCHEDULING SYSTEM FOR FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING


CELL
INTRODUCTION
Flexible Manufacturing System (FMS)
It is an automated version of generic manufacturing processes the linking together of
machine centers and automated material handling systems. In recent years, the robot has
become an important component in FMS. Robots are represented in various forms in all
aspects of manufacturing processes, ranging from material handler to operation processor .
Robots used as a part of the transportation system of an FMS usually provide for the
movement of parts (material) between machines as well as parts loading/unloading.

RESEARCH OUTLINE
In this research we examine a class of flexible manufacturing cells (FMC) containing a
robot. The role of the robot is to load parts onto machines, to unload parts from machines,
and to transport parts between machines. The problem of finding efficient robot
schedules/tours is one of substantial economic significance in the operation of a FMC.
Unfortunately, in many practical situations it is difficult to develop efficient robot schedules
given the dynamic environments they exist in. We devise a rule based system to assist the
cell supervisor in making good decisions by utilizing the available information during the
production process. The rule-based system combines: 1) an algorithmic procedure to deal
with a well structured environment and, 2) a flexible heuristic approach employed to deal
with less structured environments. The algorithmic and heuristic procedures are applied
separately, then together to the control the robot movement in a simulation experiment. We
show that there is a predictable tradeoff between the quality of the resulting schedule and
the information content of the heuristics used.

CONCLUSION
This study has introduced the notion of rule-based control for robots in FMS environments.
The rule-based system combines the capabilities of Dynamic Decision Rules and Cycle
Switching Method. By evaluating a variety of decision rules to determine their effect on
various part profiles and using Petri nets to evaluate cycle robustness, a rule-based system
was constructed. Experiments showed that the rule-based system performed significantly
better than either the Dynamic Decision Rules or Cycle Switching Method approaches
separately.
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