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February 19, 2015

Sleepless in America
Andrews University Receives
Gifts Totaling $10 Million
Unemployed Grace

Not by

nor by

Early Adventists
and their attempts
at revival


Its what maps our path.

w w w. a d ve n t i s t re v i e w. o rg
Like us on Facebook

Behold, I come quickly . . .

Our mission is to uplift Jesus Christ by presenting stories of His
matchless love, news of His present workings, help for knowing
Him better, and hope in His soon return.

18 Not by Might
nor by Power

Michael W. Campbell

Nearly 150 years ago revival was on the minds of

our Adventist forebears.

14 Unemployed Grace
Whether conversion or
sanctification, its all grace.

22 The One Who Sits

on the Throne

Despite a planet apparently in chaos, order

reigns in Gods universe.

26 When the Body

Isnt Wheat
Heidi Ashton

Food allergies have to

be taken seriously.

The quest for spiritual development is as pervasive

and elusive as ever.

4 Letters

Murray Miller

Sylvia Scholtus


7 Page 7
8 World News &

6 Stephen Chavez
Body Talk

Sandra Blackmer

Sleepless in America

13 Give & Take

17 Cliffs Edge
25 Journeys With Jesus
30 Etc.
31 Reflections
Next Week
A (Missed) Moment of
Spiritual Possibility
We may use different
words when we talk about
spiritual growth, but we all
want the same thing.

Publisher General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists, Executive Publisher Bill Knott, Associate Publisher Claude Richli, Publishing Board: Ted N. C. Wilson, chair; Benjamin D. Schoun,
vice chair; Bill Knott, secretary; Lisa Beardsley-Hardy; Daniel R. Jackson; Robert Lemon; Geoffrey Mbwana; G. T. Ng; Daisy Orion; Juan Prestol; Michael Ryan; Ella Simmons; Mark Thomas; Karnik
Doukmetzian, legal adviser. Editor Bill Knott, Associate Editors Lael Caesar, Gerald A. Klingbeil, News Editor Andrew McChesney, Coordinating Editor Stephen Chavez, Online Editor Carlos
Medley, Features Editor Sandra Blackmer, Young Adult Editor Kimberly Luste Maran, KidsView Editor Wilona Karimabadi, Operations Manager Merle Poirier, Financial Manager Rachel
Child, Editorial Assistant Marvene Thorpe-Baptiste, Marketing Director Claude Richli, Editors-at-Large Mark A. Finley, John M. Fowler, Senior Advisor E. Edward Zinke, Art Director Bryan
Gray, Desktop Technician Fred Wuerstlin, Ad Sales Glen Gohlke, Subscriber Services Rebecca Hilde. To Writers: Writers guidelines are available at the Adventist Review Web site: and click About the Review. For a printed copy, send a self-addressed envelope to: Writers Guidelines, Adventist Review, 12501 Old Columbia Pike, Silver Spring, MD 20904-6600.
E-mail: Web site: Postmaster: Send address changes to Adventist Review, P.O. Box 5353, Nampa, ID 83653-5353. Unless otherwise
noted, Bible texts in this issue are from the Holy Bible, New International Version. Copyright 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide. Unless otherwise
noted, all prominent photos are Thinkstock 2015. The Adventist Review (ISSN 0161-1119), published since 1849, is the general paper of the Seventh-day Adventist Church. It is
published by the General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists and is printed 36 times a year on the second, third, and fourth Thursdays of each month by the Pacific Press
Publishing Association, 1350 North Kings Road, Nampa, ID 83687. Periodical postage paid at Nampa, ID 83687, and additional mailing offices. Copyright 2015, General
Conference of Seventh-day Adventists. PRINTED IN THE U.S.A. Vol. 192, No. 5.
Subscriptions: Thirty-six issues of the weekly Adventist Review, US$36.95 plus US$44.00 postage outside North America. Single copy US$3.00. To order, send your name, address, and
payment to Adventist Review subscription desk, P.O. Box 5353, Nampa, ID 83653-5353. Orders can also be placed at Adventist Book Centers. Prices subject to change. Address changes and
subscription queries: OR call 1-800-447-7377 or 208-465-2548. | February 19, 2015 | ( 1 3 1 )


Letters From Our Readers


5, 20
ary 1

Vol. 192, No.



15, 2015

May Tell
Feature Film
doss story
In This Might

of Yours


of Death
the Valley ReFlecTIons
on The loss
a loved


In the Valley of Death

I appreciated Floyd Green-

leafs article Through the

Valley of Death (Jan. 15,
2015). In our old diseased
world, nearly everyone has
cancer in their family. My sister died of leukemia in our
sisters house four months
ago. Shell be healed in the
morning when Jesus Christ
wakes her up!
Pam Cross

Altamont, Tennessee

The January 15 cover article

Through the Valley of
Death came just two days
after my husband passed
away from cancer. Hospice
supported us physically and
emotionally, and my husband was able to go to sleep
peacefully at home, the way
he wanted it. Thank you so
much to Floyd Greenleaf for
sharing his story about the
loss of their daughter. Only
one who has gone through
this can truly understand
what another is going
It seems to us that God
timed this story to arrive
when our family needed it
Ginny Frost

Merlin, Oregon

Thank you for Floyd Greenleafs poignant story of

parental loss. The author is
dubious about closure
after the loss of ones child; I
am dubious too. Our son
died decades ago, and I still
do not claim closure. I do
claim comfort. The Lord was
with me in the dark and has
brought me at last into a
brighter place. Should the
need for comfort arise even
now, Hes still there.
Ann Burke

Yucaipa, California

, 2015
ary 8

Vol. 192, No.



8, 2015

Classify Adventi
Egypt May as Non-Christian
The Good
Running on



Whose place was in Houston? We drove . . . He flew in

. . . Both came from afar. I
remain confused.
I enjoyed Michael Pearsons article Running on
Empty (pp. 21, 22). Ive
driven over some of those
same roads myself, visiting
Zimbabwe when I taught at
Helderberg College and my
brother taught at Solusi
What caught my eye was
the picture accompanying
the article. Photoshopped, I
would guess. The speedometer indicates 98 mph (or 158
kph) while the tachometer
indicates about 1450 rpm. In
no car on the planet do those
two numbers go together!
(Oh, and the lights on the
dash indicate that the seat
belt is not fastened and a car
door is open!)
Gerald Reynolds

Fresno, California

To e Is
to Rede
GoES bEyo

Three Letters in One

The January 8, 2015, Ad-

ventist Review came today. The

change (Change. Is. Good,
p. 5) has already begun.
When I picked it up, I immediately felt that the paper
was different. The feel was
more like newsprint (rough)
and less like National Geographic (glossy). Maybe its
better paper, as the blurb
says; I dont know. But its
different, for sure.
In her Give & Take item (p.
13) Fern Boismier writes
from Houston, Texas: We
lived in Michigan, and our
son, Jim, lived in California.
We decided to meet at his
place in Houston . . . I did a
double take on that one.

We decided that lengthening

the Give & Take story to explain
that the son lived in California
but also had a residence in Houston (more centrally located for
family to visit) would detract
from the pointunfortunately,
this omission has caused readers
to stumble.
In addition, that photo did
require a lot of Photoshop work.
The image had to be flipped
while the instrument panel had
to still read correctly. The speed
on the speedometer was changed
and the scene out the window
and the side-view mirror were
changed to be accurate to the
region where the story took place.
We did, however, overlook the
tachometer and the indicator

( 1 3 2 ) | | February 19, 2015

Weve also been advised

(smile) to publish the following
disclaimer: The Adventist
Review in no way endorses driving 98 mph without a seat belt
and/or with a door open.

Hard to Understand

When Bill Knott began his

editorial Rehearsing a
Divorce (Jan. 8, 2015), I
expected him to perhaps
launch into Elijahs episode
on Mount Carmel, after Elijah personally chopped to
pieces 450 prophets of Baal,
or one of the many battles of
the Israelites where they
slew thousands, including
women and children. Or the
story of Achan, where they
stood around slinging rocks
and killed him and his little
children, even the cattle. Or
maybe Davids last words to
his son to be sure to kill one
of his enemies because he
had not gotten it done.
I agree heartily that we
should not be watching violence. As an old mother, I
have spent my life trying to
protect and save the lives of
my family and anyone else
who comes in my path. But a
person certainly cannot read
the Old Testament without
encountering so much violence, described pretty
clearly. I know God was the
judge and ordered it, but it is
hard for me to understand
all the violence described
Ramona Trubey

Arcadia, Indiana

The Secret of
Our Faith

Im writing in reference to

Andy Nashs article The

Secret of Our Faith (Dec. 25,
2014). I agree with Nash that

The Lord was with me in the

dark and has brought me at last into

a brighter place. Should the need for
comfort arise even now, Hes still


Ann Burke, Yucaipa, California

if our future depended on

lifestyle, then Buddhism has
much going for it. But I disagree with his conclusion
that the important difference
between Christianity and
other religions is worship.
Buddhists, Hindus, and others certainly worship. Witness the multitude of stupas,
temples, etc., throughout
Southeast Asia and elsewhere.
No! The difference is that
they have no Savior. Christianity is unique in this
respect. We have a Savior
who is more than worthy of
our praise and thanksgiving,
our worship.
Kathleen King

Park Ridge, Queensland,


On Death, Dying, and

Life Experiences

I was impressed by Dick

Rentfros article God Hears
Our Cries (Dec. 18, 2014).

Having recently spent 60

days in the hospital and ending up with a filter, stent,
and pacemaker, I quickly
realized Im living on borrowed time. I used to preach
for decades that, barring an
untimely death, I would live
to see the Lord come. I still
enjoy looking up at Orion
frequently and realize more
than ever that a thousand
years are as a day in the sight
of our Lord (see 2 Peter 3:8).
And even though Im in my
mid-80s I especially appreciated William G. Johnssons
fessing up on health
issues, although I have never
knowingly eaten meat or
drunk tea, coffee, or caffeinated beverages.
I was saddened to hear of
the death of Herbert E. Douglass, former associate editor
of Adventist Review (see www.,leading-theologian-andauthor,-dead-at-87), who
was baptized by my father,
Orville Wright (named after
the aviator who piloted the
first controlled aircraft in the
history of humankind at
Kitty Hawk). I fondly remember spending our last Sabbath on the West Coast with
the Douglasses before
departing for five years of

mission service to Taiwan in

the late 1950s.
I appreciated Jimmy Phillips article Between Suicide
and Salvation (Dec. 11,
2014), especially when I
[think of visits to] my
younger brothers grave at
old Eastwood Cemetery in
Lancaster, Massachusetts.
I have thoroughly enjoyed
reading almost every article
in the Review for decades.
Please keep up the good
Donald Wright

Sun City, Arizona

Adventist Couple,
Wed 65 Years, Dies
Holding Hands

Thank you for sharing

Andrew McChesneys article
Adventist Couple, Wed 65
Years, Dies Holding Hands
(Nov. 27, 2014). May our loving heavenly Father be
praised for this wonderful
couples love and devotion to
Him and to each other. What
an outstanding testimony to
the indwelling power of the
Holy Spirit!
June Hosea

via e-mail

God desires our families to

be that way: where Christ is

the center and His love will
bind the family. I admire Italvino and Diva Possa.
Fridah Ombati

Nairobi, Kenya

We Need Both

I appreciated Bernadine

Delafields Branded! Are We

Marked for Life? (Nov. 20,
2014). It reminded me of an
illustration my husband, a
seminary professor, has
often used: The physical
body is made up of two
essential but different parts,
the flesh and the bones. If it
were made up of the flesh
only, it would stand for nothing and would crumple in a
moment. If it were made up
only of the bones, it might
stand rigidly, but you
wouldnt want to meet it on
a dark night. Thus, both are
needed. And both are needed
also in the spiritual body, the
church. It needs people who
firmly hold to truths of old,
yet it also needs people with
the flexibility to stretch and
Madeline S. Johnston

Berrien Center, Michigan

2015 General
Official notice is hereby
given that the sixtieth
session of the General
Conference of Seventhday Adventists will be
held July 2-11, 2015, in the
Alamodome in San Antonio, Texas. The first meeting will begin at 8:00 a.m.,
July 2, 2015. All duly
accredited delegates are
urged to be present at
that time.
Ted N. C. Wilson, General Conference President
G. T. Ng, General Conference Secretary | February 19, 2015 | ( 1 3 3 )


Body Talk
For the past few months readers of Adventist Review have




received previews of issues likely to come up at this years General Conference session. In most
cases these issues are not new; the church has been grappling with them for years, even decades.
What makes them so important now is that some people are predicting dire consequences if
the votes dont go their way.
Perhaps its time to step back and remind ourselves what the church is all about. I suspect that
in this age of extreme partisanship and rancor in nearly every arena of society, some have forgotten that the church is about service, not conflict; its certainly not about getting ones own way.
The body, the image Paul used to describe the church, is one with which I resonate. Just as a
body, though one, has many parts, but all its many parts form one body, so it is with Christ. For
we were all baptized by one Spirit so as to form one bodywhether Jews or Gentiles, slave or
freeand we were all given the one Spirit to drink. Even so the body is not made up of one part
but of many (1 Cor. 12:12-14). Three points:
First, the body, Christs body, has many parts, obviously. The notion that in Christs body everything moves in uniformity is patently ridiculous. Hands do what hands do, lungs do what lungs
do, and the appendix, well, it doesnt do anything. There is sublime unity in the body. But the body
works best when feet arent telling ears what to listen to.
Second, the body, Christs body, is a living thing, obviously. It grows and matures. A body that
doesnt grow is not well. Just as a teenager isnt the same as an adultphysically, emotionally, or
spirituallythe church has to keep growing and developing; thats what living things do.
Third, Christ is the head of the body, obviously. I know its tempting to look to some building,
committee, or session to make decisions relative to how an organization should function. But
buildings, committees, and lines of authority are for institutions, not living bodies. A committee
doesnt tell your finger to move when it touches a thorn; the head takes care of that.
In addition to the confusion about whether the church of Christ is primarily a body or an institution is our understanding of the Holy Spirit and its role in the church. Jesus told Nicodemus,
The wind blows wherever it pleases. You hear its sound, but you cannot tell where it comes from
or where it is going. So it is with everyone born of the Spirit (John 3:8).
Translation: We dont control the Holy Spirit; the Holy Spirit controls us. Even if I disagree with
the way the Holy Spirit is leading someone else, I have no right to say they are not being led. We
seem to have developed an unhealthy obsession with evaluating who is called by the Holy
Spirit, and under what circumstances. The unstated implication: You are not called by the
Holy Spirit until we say you are.
Think about it: All around the world, at this very moment, countless millions of Christs
followers are using their spiritual gifts to build up His kingdom. In most cases they dont
have permission from an institution; theyre just carrying out the mandate placed on them
by Christ, the head of the church, using gifts provided by His Holy Spirit.
Now is not the time to attempt to restrict the activity of the Holy Spirit by insisting that some are not qualified to serve because they dont meet some human
requirement. Rather, it is time for us to be more open to the Holy Spirit than
weve ever been before; not just as an institution, but as individual members of
the body of Christ.
You are the body of Christ, wrote the apostle Paul, and each one of you is
a part of it (1 Cor. 12:27). While leaders, committees, and institutions will
always be necessary, God forbid that any of us should try to prevent any others
from using their spiritual gifts for the glory of God and the expansion of His
kingdom. Were not primarily an institution; were Christs body, the church.
Obviously. n

Sleepless in America
Not getting enough sleep? If so, apparently youre not alone.
According to the recently aired National Geographic Channel documentary titled Sleepless
in America, almost everyone in the U.S. is sleep-deprived. And the consequences, it seems, are
worse than we might think.
Experts in the film say that chronic sleep deprivationfewer than seven to eight hours sleep a
nightincreases risk for diabetes, cardiovascular disease, Alzheimers disease, obesity, mental illness, and possibly even cancer. Sleep-deprived adolescents have lower test scores, and the top cause
of high-severity car accidents is fatigue. This is serious stuffas important as good nutrition,
physical activity, and wearing your seat belt, according to the documentary. National Transportation Safety Board member Mark Rosekind goes even further in the film when he says that every
aspect of who you are as a human, every capability, is degraded, impaired, when you lose sleep.
The culprits cited for such lack of sleep in todays overstimulated culture are technology and
gadgetry, as well as overwork. And were paying a high price.
As Adventists, we too are not immune. Sometimes, it seems, we even feel a sense of spiritual
pride for chronic overwork and compete over who has worked the most extra hours. The
schedules of some who are busy doing the Lords workat every level of our churchare daunting. But is working ourselves to exhaustion really what the Lord is asking us to do? At times, in
certain situations, maybe it is. But as a lifestyle choice? Im not so sure.
Being temperate in all things is a biblical mandate. Perhaps it even includes getting enough
sleep. n



Presidents Day

In the United States during February we honor our U.S. presidents,

especially George Washington and Abraham Lincoln. We thought it appropriate to remember some of
our General Conference (GC) presidents. Can you match the fact with the president? Each president
has multiple facts, so will have multiple answers. Write your answer on the line beneath their name.


john andrews


photos courtesy of ellen g. white estate and center for adventist research

james white


george i. butler


A. First president born outside the United States

B. Baptized into Adventism at age 54 in a river in New York
C. At the end of his second term as GC president he switched
jobs with his successor, becoming a union president.
D. Overcame a speech impediment in his late teens
E. Became GC president at age 38
F. Volunteered to fight during Civil War for the Union side at
age 17, eventually becoming a prisoner of war
G. Served as president three times, but not consecutively
H. Was baptized by a man who would later serve as GC
I. Regularly read 10 chapters of the Bible and portions of Ellen
Whites Testimonies each day
J. Served two terms, but not consecutively

ole olsen


george a. irwin


arthur daniells


K. Longest serving GC presidentspanning five U.S. presidents

L. Did not go to school until age 16
M. Proposed, planned, and issued a new hymnal during his
N. His brother-in-law (Uriah Smith) was elected to serve as GC
secretary at the same time
O. Wasnt in attendance at GC session when he was elected,
and did not take up his duties for five months
P. Was president when the GC moved to Takoma Park
Q. Turned the job of GC president down the first time it was
offered, but accepted it two years later
R. Baptized a 10-year-old during one of his evangelistic series
who would become a future GC president
S. First camp meeting occurred during his presidency
answers: b, i (byington); g, q, l (white); e, n, s (andrews); h, j, m, r (butler); a, o (olsen); c, f (irwin); d, k, p (daniells)

john byington


Photo : i Stock

World News & Perspectives

News commentary

Threatened Closure of Adventist

Academy Serves as Wake-up Call
The world has changed drastically over the past
century; Adventist boarding schools need to adapt.
By ROBERT E. LEMON, General Conference treasurer
The oldest Adventist boarding
academy has decided that it must raise
$3 million or shut down, making a painful ultimatum that should serve as a
wake-up call on the future of these
schools in the U.S.
The world has changed drastically
since the school, Mount Vernon Academy in Ohio, opened on Ellen G. Whites
advice in 1893, and we need to adapt
The 340 constituents of the indebted
Mount Vernon Academy agreed at a special meeting on January 11, 2015, to
accept a recommendation from the Adventist Churchs Ohio Conference, which
operates the academy, to seek the $3 million by March 10 or close at the end of
the current school year. The $3 million
represents the size of the academys
annual budget, and securing the amount
would allow the school to start the 20152016 school year debt-free.
After the meeting the Ohio Conference called on local church members to
engage in more prayer, study, idea
sharing, and conversations on the
future of Adventist education.
Together we need to figure out how
to make Adventist education viable

now and in the future, the conference

said in a statement.
Perhaps local church leaders wonder
what Adventist Church cofounder Ellen
White would say today. In 1893 White
wrote in a letter that the church should
open the academy in buildings once
used by Mount Vernon Sanitarium,
which closed in 1891.
Let the building be converted into a
seminary to educate our youth in the
place of enlarging the college at Battle
Creek, she wrote. I have been shown
that there should . . . be located, school
buildings in Ohio which would give
character to the work.*

Adventist Education
Is Worth It
It hurts deeply every time I hear about
an Adventist boarding academy closing
or finding itself in serious financial
trouble. Adventist schools are not perfect, and no amount of Christian influence can save all our children. After all,
Christ in a perfect world lost Adam and
Eve and one third of His angels because
He valued freedom of choice so much.
But when it comes to the only thing
that really mattersour eternal destiny

( 1 3 6) | | February 19, 2015

and that of our children and those we

lovethe worst Adventist school is better than the best the world has to offer.
I am a proud product of our Adventist education system. Back when I
was in academy in the 1960s, most of
our boarding academies had enrollments of 200 to 400 students and the
dormitories were full. For many Adventist families, life centered on academies and colleges. Giving children an
Adventist education was of utmost
importance. Parents sacrificed current
wants for the most important things in
life, the salvation of their children.
These days Adventist secondary
schools are experiencing significant
growth worldwide, with 522,596 students studying at 1,969 schools in 2012,
according to the latest figures from the
churchs Office of Archives, Statistics,
and Research. Thats in comparison
with 257,937 students in 1,126 schools
in 2000 and 60,952 students in 398
schools in 1970, about the time I graduated from academy.
But U.S. boarding academies are fading
away. Enrollment has dropped steadily
over the years, dorms are emptying out,
and several academies have closed.
Adventist education as a whole faces
many challenges, but the challenges facing boarding academies are unique. At
one time the majority of Adventists in
the U.S. lived in the countryside or in
small towns, and the boarding academy
was the only option for their children.
But, as with the general U.S. population,
this has changed, and the majority of
Adventists now live in cities. Day academies should be thriving.
Although schools are still needed for
academy-age students, we probably
dont require as many boarding academies as we once did. The current situation is basically one boarding academy
per U.S. conference. However, one boarding academy per union or trio of conferences probably would be sufficient.
It is difficult to consider change
because we have such emotional ties to
the conference-operated academies we

attended. Still, we need to look at the

new reality and find a way to once again
maintain a system of thriving boarding

A Lesson From the

Postal Service
The U.S. postal system faces a similar
challenge of needing to adapt to reality.
The sprawling network was built on
revenue from letters, bills, and other
first-class mail. The revenue has all but
disappeared with the emergence of
e-mail and electronic bills. Without a
change in its business model, the postal
system will not survive on its own. But
it insists on keeping numerous small
local post offices and daily delivery to
every home rather than restructure to
focus on post offices that serve larger
territories and maybe deliver mail three
days a week rather than daily.
Adventist education is expensive, but it
always has been. It will remain that way
as long as education is based on a low
student-teacher ratio, which is best for
learning. The average cost of a new car in
1967, when I was in academy, was $2,000,
compared to $20,000 now. The average
new house cost $25,000, compared to
more than $250,000 now. Boarding academies, however, have always remained
very expensive compared to the average
income. Still, Adventist parents put needs
above wants and found a way to keep us
in Adventist schools.
Boarding academies are owned and
operated by conferences, and this is
important for the sense of ownership
and commitment of the conference constituency to the school. But changing
U.S. demographics have left fewer Adventists in rural areas who require
boarding academies. Would it not be
better to look at having two or three
conferences operate and support a
boarding academy, leaving one or two
strong boarding academies per union?
As a church, we dont have a good
record of jointly operating institutions.
The perception lingers that the institution basically serves the territory where

it is located and that other territories

are not well served.
But when it comes to boarding academies, none of us are well served by
declining or failing schools. Having
served as a conference and a union treasurer, I know the financial pressures and
the difficulty of getting constituency
agreement and long-term support of
jointly operated institutions. But it can
be done. The real expense of running a
boarding academy is the operating cost,
not the cost of the physical plant. As
with any other business, the overhead

costs will eat you up unless you have a

sufficient number of students.
The size of Adventist families has
shrunk, but overall church membership
has grown. So the church still has plenty
of academy-age young people to fill Adventist schools.
Options are available to us. Through
the guidance of the Holy Spirit and with
good planning, we can establish a robust
and thriving boarding academy system
if we are willing to work together. n
* Ellen G. White, Ellen G. White Manuscript Releases (Silver Spring, Md.: Ellen G. White Estate, 1990), vol. 3, p. 219.

North America

Andrews University Gets Two Gifts

Worth More Than $10 Million
Donations will go toward student
scholarships and a new endowed chair.
Andrews University has received two major donations worth more than $10

Douglas Benson, a retired physician and Andrews alumnus, has handed over
1,000 acres (405 hectares) of lakeside and woodland property that will be used to
provide student scholarships, while Adventist Health System has given $2 million to endow a new academic chair.
We are grateful for the generosity of these donors to advance the mission of
Andrews University, David A. Faehner, vice president for university advancement, said in announcing the gifts on January 29, 2015.
The land is expected to generate $8 million to $12 million in proceeds from
residential property development and its decades-old hardwood trees. Eighty
percent of the income will support undergraduate students, while the rest will
go to graduate students.
Meanwhile, the $2 million gift from Adventist Health System, which is based in
Altamonte Springs, Florida, and operates 45 hospitals in 10 states, will be used to
establish a chair for health-care administration at Andrews School of Business
Faehner said the endowment aimed to strengthen ties between Adventist education and Adventist health care.
Adventist universities have received several significant gifts in recent months.
Washington Adventist University announced on January 21 a $1 million gift to
build a planned Health Professions, Science, and Wellness Center.
Last year Pacific Union College announced a record $2.4 million gift in June,
while Southwestern Adventist University received $500,000 in September. The
largest single donation in the history of Adventist education was unveiled in July,
when Loma Linda University announced a $100 million gift. It said the funds
would be used to launch a $1.2 billion initiative to create a healthier world. n | February 19, 2015 | ( 1 3 7 )

World News & Perspectives

John R. Loor, Sr., Makes Case

for Adventist Education
Lifelong church administrator leaves a legacy
inextricably linked to his Adventist schooling.
At a time when financial turmoil at the

churchs oldest boarding academy puts

a new focus on Adventist schools, perhaps John R. Loor, Sr., offers a reminder
about the reason to invest in Adventist
Raised in an impoverished family
with an often-absent alcoholic father,
Loor completed his first nine years of
education in Adventist schools because
of the sacrificial giving of an Adventist
church led by F. D. Nichol, editor of the
Review and Herald (now Adventist Review).
Loor later graduated from an Adventist college and became a longtime
church administrator, serving as president of the Indiana and Northern New
England conferences, pastor of the
Southern Adventist University church,
and even a model for book illustrations
that made him instantly recognizable
among many Adventists.
Loor died surrounded by family in his
home in Hendersonville, North Carolina, on January 13, 2015. He was 87.
Even before Loor reached the pinnacle
of his career in the church, he was held
up at a General Conference session as
an outstanding product of Adventist
Nichol told the 1962 session in San
Francisco how Loor had preached to
16,000 young people at a youth congress in Atlantic City, New Jersey, and
how many in the audience had dedicated their lives to Jesus.
He preached with power, cogency,
and appeal, Nichol said, Loor standing
at his side, according to the biography
His Initials Were F.D.N.
For a moment we were there in the
auditorium listening intently, and then
again we seemed to be far away visiting
a poor little home, broken and blighted

by drink, with a mother supported by a

sacrificial church so she could send her
boy to the church school, he said. It
was a very great day for us.
The state of Adventist education is
the subject of a lively discussion on Adventist news sites and social media in
recent weeks after Mount Vernon Academy, founded in Ohio in 1893, decided
to close if it fails to raise $3 million (see
p. 8).
Amid the discussion about Adventist
education, few would likely dispute that
Loor managed to touch many lives
because of his schooling.
I wish I had $5 for everyone who has
come to me and said, I remember the
Week of Prayer your dad held at my
academy or college. What a blessing his
messages were to me, said his son,
John R. Loor, Jr. I dont believe we will
really know until heaven how many
lives my dad touched for Jesus.
Loor, Jr., 65, executive secretary of the
Adventist Churchs North Pacific Union,
said his fathers secret to touching lives
was the time he spent with Jesus in
daily devotions.
As we all know, when you live with
somebody, you get to know that person
very well, and you get to see if their
walk really matches their talk, he said
in prepared remarks for his fathers
memorial service on January 31 at the
Fletcher Seventh-day Adventist Church
in Hendersonville. The example my
dad set when it came to spending quality time every day with Jesus will live
with me for the rest of my life.

From Church Member

to Church Pastor
John Robert Loor, Sr., was born on
January 7, 1928, in Washington, D.C., to

( 1 3 8 ) | | February 19, 2015

Photo : Courtesy of J ohn R. Loor, J r.

By ANDREW MCCHESNEY, news editor, Adventist Review

John R. Loor, Sr.

Ernest Loor, a painter, and Edna nee

Green, an office secretary and native of
England who had immigrated with her
parents to the United States.
When John was 2 years old, his parents and grandparents received an invitation in the mail to attend Adventist
meetings in a nearby theater. The family,
faithful Methodists, soon found that the
presentations echoed a little book, Bible
Readings for the Home, that they had purchased in England and brought with
them to the United States. The mother
and grandparents accepted the teachings of the Seventh-day Adventist
Church and were baptized into the
newly organized Review and Herald
Memorial church in Hyattsville,
The United States was mired in the
Great Depression. Ernest Loor struggled
with alcoholism, and the young John
lived with his grandparents much of the
time. He was quickly taken under the
wing of Nichol, the pastor of the church.
At Nichols encouragement, church
members raised the funds to send Loor
to all eight grades at John Nevins
Andrews Elementary School and one
year at Takoma Academy.
Loor was forced to transfer to a public
high school when his family moved, but
he remained connected to the Adventist
Church, marrying church member June

He sold his winningsa new car, an

island off the coast of Maine, and an
antique fire wagonand had just
enough money left after taxes to buy a
small lot for his familys first home.
Church members built the house in
their free time.

A Sermon With
Marvin Ponder

It was one of those special times

when one could feel the moving of the
Holy Spirit in an amazing way, said
June Loor, his wife of 66 years.
Ponder currently serves as a pastor at
the Loma Linda University church.
Over the years, Loor worked in
various churches and conferences
across the United States, including a
memorable time as the ministerial
director of the Michigan Conference
when he stood by to preach for evangelist H.M.S. Richards at camp
Conference administration always
had John standing in the wings prepared to preach just in case Elder Richards, who was always flying in at the
last minute, did not get there in time,
June Loor said.
Loor, Sr., spoke at numerous camp
meetings and Weeks of Prayer at Adventist schools around the United
States and abroad. He urged listeners to
get to know Jesus better by spending
time in private devotions.
He really had a burden for Christian
education, his wife said. That was the
first love of my husband. n

Photo : R eview and Herald

After Maryland, Loor accepted an

invitation to work as pastor of the
Dallas Central church, the position he
held when he made waves with his
sermon at the youth congress. Loor
built the sermon around the story of
Marvin Ponder, a former teen rock-androll musician who earlier had attended
a similar youth congress in the same
auditorium in Atlantic City while
studying at Southwestern Union
College (now Southwestern Adventist
University). In that auditorium he had
given his life to Jesus and decided to
become a pastor. Loor, at the end of his
sermon, brought Ponder onto the auditoriums platform to sing the appeal
song. Many people in the audience

Photo : R eview and Herald

Howes on March 31, 1948. The pastor

who married them, Russell Quackenbush, recognized leadership and speaking skills in Loor and urged him to
become a pastor. With that advice, Loor
enrolled in Washington Missionary College (now Washington Adventist
One of the first churches that he pastored was his old Review and Herald
Memorial church.
As pastor, Loor was invited to model
for pictures at the nearby Review and
Herald Publishing Association, and he
was best known for posing as Adam and
Daniel in the book Your Bible and You.
Loors stint as a model made him a sort
of church celebrity, but many Adventists
who recognized him mistakenly associated him with illustrations used in
Arthur S. Maxwells The Bible Story, his
son said.
When asked about what he thought
about his role in the book, he would
just smile, Loor, Jr., said.
Also at the Review and Herald Memorial church, Loor, Sr., unexpectedly was
invited to participate in the popular
television game show The Price Is Right.

adam with eve: John R. Loor, Sr., posed as Adam in this

well-known illustration from the book Your Bible and You.

model character: Loor also posed as Daniel in the book. | February 19, 2015 | ( 1 3 9)


World News & Perspectives

North America

Mark Finleys wife raises funds for an

evangelism center in Virginia.
By ANDREW MCCHESNEY, news editor, Adventist Review

Photo : Sandra D oran

Teenie Finley Runs First Marathon

We are extremely thankful for those

Ernestine Finley, wife of evangelist
Mark Finley, has completed her first mar- who have contributed to this project,
a purposed run: Ernestine Teenie
and are deeply grateful for their confiathon at the age of 70, placing third in
Finley nearing the finish line of a marathon in Celebration, Florida, on Sunday,
dence that God is moving to do someher age group and raising tens of thouJanuary 25, 2015.
thing special in the Haymarket area,
sands of dollars for an evangelism center
said Finley, editor-at-large for the Adthat she and her husband are building.
tion to me that our age doesnt have to
ventist Review.
Finley, known to many as Teenie,
slow us down, said Banks, 60.
About $3.5 million was raised before
ran the 26-mile (42-kilometer) route in
Banks will serve as pastor of the new
the marathon, mostly from private
Celebration, Florida, in a little more
church in Haymarket and join the Findonors, and Finley said he trusted that
than six hours, crossing the finish line a
leys as a regular speaker at its evangeGod would bring in the rest of the
half hour earlier than she had planned
lism center. The Warrenton church,
money so that construction could start
and well within the seven-hour limit to
which has 60 members and about 95
as planned in March.
qualify for a medal.
regular attendees, will be sold in the
He and his wife will start training the
My energy level throughout the race
first group of 25-40 pastors and laypeople coming months and its proceeds used
was strong, Finley said. I know God
to finance the new church.
next year. The four- to eight-day intensive
was with me each step of the way.
Shortly before the marathon began,
classes will be offered at no cost. AttendFinley, author of the popular cookPeter Landless, director of the General
ees will be asked to pay only for optional
book Natural Lifestyle Cooking and a
Conferences Health Ministries Departclass materials, meals, and lodging.
health lecturer at her husbands evanment, called to pray with Teenie Finley
Teenie Finley completed the maragelistic meetings, decided to run her
and told her a story that she said lifted
thon in 6 hours, 2 minutes, and 4 secfirst marathon after reading an article
her spirits throughout the race:
onds, placing 446th overall. The
in the Adventist Review last July about
A small boy was running a long-disfirst-place winner, Adriano Bastos, of
Moses Christian, an 82-year-old Loma
tance race. He ran and ran and soon
So Paulo, Brazil, finished in 2 hours, 42
Linda physician who has completed 237
became tired. But he kept pushing on,
minutes, and 46 seconds.
marathons since the age of 62.
with his little legs pumping and his
Scores of people were amazed at a
Finley started the arduous training
mouth moving as if he were talking to
70-year-old woman running her first
for the January 25, 2015, race with three
marathon in such good physical condigoals: to improve her health, to encourWhen he finished the race, he was
tion, Mark Finley said.
age other people to discipline themasked, Who were you talking to?
People also have been encouraged
selves into achieving better health, and
The little boy said: I was talking to
from afar, including Robert Banks,
to raise $100,000 toward the construcGod. I was praying.
pastor of the Finleys home church
tion of the $4 million Life Hope church
Well, son, what were you praying?
in Warrenton, Virginia. Its an inspiraand evangelism center in Haymarket,
I was praying, Lord, You
Virgina, where she and her
lift them up, and I will let
husband live.
them down.
With the marathon, Finley
Mark Finley said:
raised about $55,000 on the
Throughout the race Teenie
fund-raising Web site giving
prayed, Lord, You lift these Mark Finley said
legs of mine up, and I will
people also sent donations
put them down. And He
via the General Conference,
did. n
and it would take a few
weeks to tally the total.
NEW CHURCH: An artists impression of the Life Hope church and
evangelism center.


( 1 4 0) | | February 19, 2015

Soun d B i t e

The Euro-Asia Division spans 11 time

zones across northern Asia. Adventists
worship at almost 2,000 churches in this
division, which is comprised of 13 countries.
In a population of about 280 million it has
about 140,000 church members, more
than 45 percent of whom live in Ukraine. In
Russia the division operates Zaoksky Adventist Seminary, located about 80 miles
south of Moscow.
The Adventist Church in EuroAsia has emerged from years of
Communist rule. Beyond church
membership growth, the Adventist Church has been able to
establish schools, a publishing
house, and a media center.

terry crews


We are the
privileged planet,
and our message
is clear.
From the cradle
to the cross, God
came here!
Pastor Bob Fekete, Wilson,
North Carolina, during a recent
seasonal sermon

a dve n t i st l i f e

While driving home the other day, I saw a thoughtprovoking bumper sticker that read: God Doesnt
Believe in Atheists. Although amusing, the slogan
wouldve been more accurate had it read: God Wants
to BelieveEven in Atheists.
Y. Pritham Raj, Portland, Oregon

information gathered from www.


Agave nectar is a sweetener that has gained in popularity in recent years. But where does it
fall nutritionally in the list of common sweeteners? Its about 1.5 times sweeter than sugar and
grows from the southwestern U.S. through the northern part of South America.
Most agave sweeteners come from the blue agave plant, but not as raw nectar. It must be
highly processed before it can be added to foods and drinks.
Agave has about 60 calories per tablespoon, compared to 40 calories for the same amount
of table sugar. To save on calories, less should be used, which is possible because agave is
sweeter. In theory, agave is high in fructose and low on the glycemic index, making it a better
option than refined sugar. But according to WedMD writer Jenn Horton, theres not a lot of
research backing this, and one of the studies tested lab animals, not people.
According to Horton, the American Diabetes Association lists agave as a sweetener to limit,
along with regular sugar, brown sugar, honey, maple syrup, and all other sugars. The American
Heart Association recommends limiting sweeteners to no more than six teaspoons for women and nine teaspoons for men per day, on average. That includes all sources, whether its agave, sugar, high-fructose corn
syrup, honey, or anything else (including fruit sources).
information gathered from | February 19, 2015 | ( 1 4 1 )


40 Below


Gods grace changes

usif we let it.


he line seems to be progressing at a snails pace.

Some are anxiously waiting
to have their rsum
perused by the clerk before
being sent to the computer that may
hold the key to their financial survival.
Others are just going through the
motions so that they can say they
looked for work and draw a check
from the government.
Those who are actually looking for
work seem to have an aura of shame
about them: they glance around periodically, but mostly have their faces downcast as they keep their eyes focused on
their shoes. These are not people who
shy away from work. The weather has
turned, and their jobs have ceased. Now
they are left wondering how they are
going to make ends meet during the
cold and looming winter. It is one of
these hardworking individuals that the
clerk calls next.
He submits his rsum to the expressionless clerk who looks it over, hands it
back, and tells him to proceed to the
computer. He proceeds to a computer,
pulls out a chair, and logs on to the jobsearch database. Refining the lists several postings by selecting different
filters, he notices that there are not many
jobs left for which he qualifies. All thats
left is a janitorial posting at highway rest
areas. He applies with very little enthusiasm, then visits nearby stores that have
Help Wanted signs in their windows.
They tell him to post his rsum online
and wait for a reply. He goes to a community library, logs on to its computer,
and applies. After a day of job searching,
he heads home to wait. Not only does he
wait, but so does his family. Thoughts
come: Will I get the job? Will the income be
enough to survive the coming winter?

Grace Unemployed
These scenes are not isolated occurrences. As I write this, some 9.1 million
individuals in the United States are
unemployed.1 Many of them long to be
of use, to work hard, and to feel that
they have earned their wages. They
come from various backgrounds with a
plethora of stories to tell. But they all

( 1 42 ) | | February 19, 2015

have a similar need: for their skills to be

used, to be employed.
Something about the human experience craves the feeling of usefulness.
Such a desire hearkens back to Creation,
when Adam and Eve worked in the Garden of Eden (see Gen. 2), not for pay, but
for pleasure in a perfect balance
humanity has not experienced since.
Humanity has longed to return to
this state of affairs since the Fall. Scripture points to the inadequacy of
humankind and the need for Someone
to labor for humanity. One would come
whose skills would be impeccable and
His work perfect. He has, in fact, finished the job He was sent to do, and
now endeavors to show each human
being the full magnitude of His kindness (see John 19:30).
As the world presses on to meet its
impending fate, Christ tries to reveal to
as many as possible the labor He has
performed for them. Unfortunately, it
seems that He is barely noticed, that His
work is not even wanted, or perceived
as needed, by many. He stretches out
nail-pierced hands that were fastened
to a rugged, wooden cross, but many do
not like His rsum. After all, He tells
them they can be forgiven. But they do
not feel they have done anything wrong.
He tells them they can have eternal life.
But they seem happy with life the way it
is. Yes, they may turn to Him when they
are in dire need, but not right now. So
grace stands by, unemployed.
While some see no need of Jesus and
His sacrifice, others feel they are doing
quite well on their journey to heaven.
They feel that they are sanctifying themselves every day, and eventually they
will tell God all the wonderful works
they have done, displaying these works
on their rsum so that He may give
them the right to enter into heaven (see
Matt. 25:41-46).
Among Christians, the sentiment is
that eternal life is something in the
future. So they go to church or religious
gatherings mainly because it is the
right thing to do, and render service
not out of gratitude but out of grudging
obligation. Instead of allowing Christ to
work in their lives, they subconsciously

tell Him to go elsewhere to find a place

to do His task, for they are doing quite
well on their own.2 Once again, grace is
Another group wants the gift of
Gods grace, but not the new life. They
can be heard saying, I was saved years
ago, and I feel secure in His presence.
When questioned about the victorious
Christian life, they may reply, That is
not an issue of salvation, or I do not
think God is that particular. They
believe in the fact of Jesus death, but do
not allow that reality to change their
lives. So grace stands by unemployed.
I imagine Jesus bowing His head and
wondering: Who will receive My grace
today? Who will allow Me to work in their
lives? But in Scripture we are told that
both the gift of the Holy Spirit and the
new life that follows are brought to us
when we ask Jesus to take control of
our lives (Eph. 2:8-10). It is both that
Jesus holds out as He shows us His
nail-pierced handsHis rsum. If we
have received His kindness, then we
have received His gentle touches that
change the way we live.

Grace Employed
Grace is Gods kindness to us.3 Jesus
provides grace without limit. It is meant
to do a powerful work in usa work
that changes our lives. Yet Id say that
more than 9.1 million fail to employ this
grace in their lives. In fact, anestimated
140 million people in the U.S. are not
claimed by any church.4 And there are
likely millions more who do not attend
church, even though they are on the
membership record. Are they allowing
Christ to work in their lives? I hope so.
For those who attend a congregation,
there may be at least two inaccurate
viewpoints about grace. Those in one
group think they must do all the right
things in order to be OK with God.
Those in the other say, Believe and be
saved, while ignoring what Gods Word
describes as a victorious Christian life.
To all classes, both in and out of the
church, a text comes to mind:
But because of his great love for us,
God, who is rich in mercy, made us alive
with Christ even when we were dead in

transgressionsit is by grace you have

been saved. And God raised us up with
Christ and seated us with him in the
heavenly realms in Christ Jesus, in order
that in the coming ages he might show
the incomparable riches of his grace,
expressed in his kindness to us in Christ
Jesus. For it is by grace you have been
saved, through faithand this is not
from yourselves, it is the gift of God
not by works, so that no one can boast.
For we are Gods handiwork, created in
Christ Jesus to do good works, which
God prepared in advance for us to do
(Eph. 2:4-10).
We can do nothing to deserve eternal
life, regardless of how hard we work for
it or how badly we want it. Since the
only wage we can earn is death (Rom.
3:23; 6:23), eternal life is a gift, something we cannot earn. Such a gift has a
way of changing our lives.
The text goes on to say that we are
Gods handiwork (Eph. 2:10). God
wants us to accept what He has done to
save us, but we should not stop there.
When we choose to accept the gift, we
are also choosing to accept the One who
wants that gift to re-create us. The lowly
Carpenter lays aside His rsum and
picks up His tools of change. As Christians we now have new motives, new
ways of thinking. All of this is ours
because of Gods kindness, His grace.

Daily Doses of Grace

Once we have acknowledged and
asked Christ to work in our lives, we
must prayerfully continue to focus on
Christ in order to become more like
Him (see 1 Thess. 5:17). Jesus indicates
how to have life eternal: And this is
eternal life, that they may know You, the
only true God, and Jesus Christ whom
You have sent (John 17:3, NKJV).5
How do we know Him? Jesus goes
on to point to the need for us to be sanctified by the truth, which is Gods Word
(verse 17). We must spend time getting
to know Jesus through Gods Word.
I know it sounds simple with all the
Bibles we have on our shelves, computers, and gizmos, but I am not referring
to studying the Sabbath school lesson, a
yearly goal of reading through the Bible, | February 19, 2015 | ( 1 4 3 )


or hours of listening to a favorite

preacherthough these have their
place. I refer to a more specific focus:
looking for Jesus throughout the Scriptures. And doing it daily.

Ambassadors of Grace
Gods grace does not stop with our
spiritual disciplines. Jesus has worked in
us; now He wants to work through us (see
Gal. 2:20). The apostle Paul goes further
by stating that we have a ministry of reconciliation that he refers to as an ambassadorship (2 Cor. 5:18-20). Not only are
we employed, but He sees us as representatives of heaven to our fallen world. That
is quite a job title and responsibility.
But some do not want this experience
on their rsum. In fact, some stand by
and keep God at a distance because they
feel they must do this work themselves.
Sanctification is the work of a lifetime.
Our part is to allow His grace to be
applied to our record in heaven and
allow His resurrection power work in
our lives today. Thus, the Lords Prayer
comes true for us: Thy will be done in
earth, as it is in heaven (Matt. 6:10,
KJV). Gods perfect will and righteousness begin to work in and through us.
As a result, our lives on earth begin to
be more and more like His perfect
example; we begin to act like His
ambassadors of grace.

Grace Brings Unity

Christ stands before us, wanting to
work wonderfully in our lives. If we take
time to focus on Him and ask Him to
guide us, many problems would be
taken care of, not only in our homes and
society, but also in the church. I came
across a quotation that stresses the need
for us each to focus on Christ so we can
have happier homes and churches.
Ellen White wrote: The cause of division and discord in families and in the
church is separation from Christ. To
come near to Christ is to come near to
one another. The secret of true unity in
the church and in the family is not
diplomacy, not management, not a superhuman effort to overcome difficulties
though there will be much of this to
dobut union with Christ. Picture a

are questions Ive personally considered as Ive set my

Getting Here
goal to look daily at/for Jesus in Scripture: Why not focus
on the last scenes of His ministry and life? PractiYour especially
cally, would a daily dose of Jesus help me be kinder? Would it
me treat others the way Jesus would want me to treat
Daily help
I began an experiment. I developed a simple devotional
Dose guide
that would focus my thoughts on Christ each day.
First, I begin each devotional time with a song about the
cross, such as The Old Rugged Cross or Christ Is Enough
(access a video clip with lyrics at
Second, I have a short time of prayer during which I thank God
for the sacrifice of Christ and ask Him to reveal, during my reading, what He has done for me. After this, I read in one of the
Gospels, or a selected reading on the closing scenes of Christs
life, taking notes on my computer or a notepad (a 12-week
guide is available online:
Once I finish reading/journaling, I close with singing the song
about the cross again and pray to thank God for what Christ
has done for me. As a result of this spiritual discipline, Ive discovered that Im usually calmer in situations. I even find myself
asking, Are you showing grace to this person? I also find that
the concepts I learn from Christ echo throughout my day and
are especially helpful for unexpected encounters.

large circle, from the edge of which are

many lines all running toward the center. . . . The closer we come to Christ, the
nearer we shall be to one another.6
Could unity and kindness in our
homes and churches be as simple as
spending time focusing on Christ? Yes,
for as we focus on His kindness (grace)
we cannot help becoming more like
Him, eventually finding ourselves acting like Him and ministering as He did.
This changes our relationships in our
homes, the church, and society.
The challenge then is to keep focused
on Christ and His rsum, rather than
on ourselves and our pet sins. In a
world filled with infomercials and
scenes of unkindness we are called to
behold Jesus kindness. In a world in
which it is common to tear people
down, we are called to encourage one
another for Christs sake.
Such an endeavor takes determination. We must be determined to not
reject our gift or prevent Him from
working in our lives. We must keep

( 1 4 4 ) | | February 19, 2015

looking to Jesus and freely choose to

serve Him.
May we never let Him stand by idly.
May Gods grace never be unemployed
in our lives! n
See for
more information.
See George Barna, The State of the Church: 2005 (Ventura, Calif.: The Barna Group, 2005), p. 37. Barna notes
that 54 percent of the 1,003 adults sampled nationwide during January 17-31, 2005, believe that they
can earn a place in heaven either by being good or by
doing enough good things for other people during
their life.
the word charis can mean grace, favor, kindness.
US_2000.asp for more details.
Texts credited to NKJV are from the New King
James Version. Copyright 1979, 1980, 1982 by Thomas
Nelson, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
Ellen G. White, The Adventist Home (Nashville:
Southern Pub. Assn., 1952), p. 179. (Italics supplied.)

Murray Miller writes from

California, where he pastors
the Anderson Seventh-day
Adventist Church. He is
pursuing a doctorate in
ministry from Andrews University.

Cliffs Edge

Creation and Compromise

How readily Christians compromise their faith, especially when it
comes to origins, the doctrine upon which their faith rests. After Jesus first advent, Christians sold out the
sign of God as Creator, the seventh-day Sabbath, for the pagan day of the sun. Now, before His second
coming, many Christians have replaced the biblical teaching of a six-day creation for billions of years of
natural selection and random mutation. And if we thought the arguments for Sundaykeeping were
spurious, listen to how the Rev. Dr. John Polkinghorne incorporates evolution into the creation account.
It has been, he writes, an important emphasis in much recent theological thought about creation
to acknowledge that by bringing the world into existence God has self-limited divine power by allowing the other truly to be itself. . . . The gift of Love must be the gift of freedom, the gift of a degree of
letting-be, and this can be expected to be true of all creatures to the extent that is appropriate to their
proper character. It is in the nature of dense snow fields that they will sometimes slip with the
destructive force of an avalanche. It is the nature of lions that they will seek their prey. It is the
nature of cells that they will mutate, sometimes producing new forms of life, sometimes grievous disabilities, sometimes cancers. It is the nature of humankind that sometimes people will
act with selfless generosity but sometimes with murderous selfishness . . . . They are the necessary cost of a creation given by its Creator the freedom to be itself.1
Yes, humans were made in the image of God Himself, with the freedom to grow and
develop their power and character. But Polkinghorne extends this freedom to what?
Snow, lions, and cells (and, I guess, everything else animate and inanimate), all part of
allowing each truly to be itself? Thus, a cell, given this freedom, will sometimes become cancer
and kill an infant, just as snow, also given this freedom, will sometimes become an avalanche that
crushes snowboarders. Far from being aberrations, or the result of the Fall, this suffering is the
necessary cost of how God created our world.
First must come the old creation, Polkinghorne continues, existing at some distance from
the veiled presence of its Creator so that creatures have the freedom to be themselves and to make
themselves, without being overwhelmed by the naked presence of infinite Reality. That world is
an evolving world in which the death of one generation is the necessary cost of the new life of
the next.2
How a cell or snow or a lion might be overwhelmed by the naked presence of infinite Reality, Polkinghorne doesnt say. What he does say is that these entities have been given the freedom to
make themselves, even if this process means the death of one generation for the life of the next.
How does someone as smart as Polkinghorne, a mathematical physicist turned Anglican priest, accept a
concept of creation so antithetical to Scripture? Its easy. In the same way Christians centuries ago adopted
Sundaykeeping: compromise. Though Polkinghorne is probably a fine Christian, he, along with so many
others, compromising with the culture (this time under the powerful name of science), has accepted as
true a teaching that opposes the biblical creation account in every way. Therefore, he has no choice but to
jerry-rig this anti-biblical belief into the Bible.
The result? Snow and cells and lions (and, I assume, rocks, fish, and daffodils), being spared the naked
presence of infinite Reality, are given the freedom to make themselves, even if it means killing, maiming,
and crushing other parts of a creation that, in the Bible, God deemed in the beginning very good (Gen.
The first angels message is a call to worship him who made the heavens, the earth, the sea and the
springs of water (Rev. 14:7). However, with the symbol of that creation (the seventh-day Sabbath) and the
creation account itself both usurped, its no wonder that much of the Christian world will worship the
beast and its image (verse 9) instead.
How could they not? n


John Polkinghorne, Belief in God in an Age of Science (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1998).
John Polkinghorne, Science and Religion in the Quest for Truth (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2011).

Clifford Goldstein is editor of the Adult Sabbath School Bible Study Guide. | February 19, 2015 | ( 1 4 5 )



Not by
nor by
The forgotten revival of 1873


This church was erected
in 1866 in Battle Creek,
Michigan, and was probably the location of the
meeting attended by Ellen
and James White in 1873.


church, forged in the heat of early-nineteenth-century revivalism, was racked

by centrifugal forces that threatened to
tear it apart.
Early Seventh-day Adventists had deep
revivalist roots. William Miller, for example, was famous for his ability as a
revivalist to lead others to Jesus. The
rich evangelical heritage prioritized the Bible, the cross, and,
most important, conversion.
Preaching about the soon
return of Jesus Christ only
heightened a sense of urgency
for people to change their lives.
After the Great Disappointment some Adventists, like
many of their evangelical contemporaries, became
previous revivals.1 The famous

( 14 6) | | February 19, 2015

businessmans revival of 1857-1858

was just one of many examples of emotionalism that early pioneers predicted
would fail.2 Adventists believed that
these revivals were based upon appeals
to emotionalism and therefore lacked
substance. In contrast, early Adventists
developed a unique theology of revival
that they believed led to reformation
and lasting change.

Crisis in Battle Creek

The Battle Creek church, admonished James White in 1872, though
large, is an unfortunate church. Church
members were poor, too busy, and, worst
of all, suffered from a general spiritual
apathy. Even the idea of starting a school
at this particular juncture seemed like a
bad idea to James and Ellen White. James
wrote: With its present feeble strength,
it is simply preposterous to think of
establishing a permanent school, which

images provided by A ndrews university center for Adventist research

ne of the best examples of revival in

Seventh-day Adventist history is perhaps the least known. The late 1860s
and early 1870s was both a formative
yet tumultuous time for the denomination, officially organized in 1863. The fledgling

might call hundreds of our dear young

people to the place to be exposed to
unsanctified influences.3
Ellen White issued a strongly worded
protest in Testimony 23, published in
September 1873, warning church leaders about their spiritual peril.4 If
changes were not made immediately, the
toxic spiritual environment threatened
to jeopardize the entire church. Ellen
White urged for immediate and sweeping changes. In short, the church desperately needed revival and reformation.
Ellen White also shared concerns about
false revivals. These sensational revivals so common of this period were
deceptions . . . calculated to lead away
from the truth through fluctuating
religious excitement. True revival, she
believed, was more modest and leads to
a more determined, persevering energy
and a fixed purpose.5

Spiritual Darkness
On a personal level, the events leading up to 1873 were particularly challenging for James and Ellen White. Both
suffered health setbacks. Ellen suffered
from a painful infection she believed
was breast cancer.6 A visit to James C.
Jacksons water cure in western New
York helped them realize that they
urgently needed to change their lifestyle. They hoped that moving out of
Battle Creek to a farm about 70 miles
(113 kilometers) to the township of
Greenville might help. Dr. Jackson prescribed rest, but Ellen was shown that
her husband instead needed exercise.
The combination of rest and exercise
outside of Battle Creek improved their

A power struggle developed in

late 1872 and early 1873 over how to
conduct the Review and Herald.
health. Occasional trips to church headquarters caused stress as bills were left
unpaid, along with subscription lists
that were not updated. At one point the
Whites found that the person left in
charge of operations for the publishing
house left on vacation without leaving
anyone else in charge. It was no wonder
that James White, after one of these visits, became extremely discouraged and
On a deeper level Ellen White attributed the spiritual darkness to a rejection of the testimonies, or the
prophetic counsels the Lord had given
the church. The message of reproof was
slighted and repaid with hatred
instead of sympathy. By late 1873 it
was apparent that both the prophet and
her husband were each depressed.8
James White implemented a plan for a
group of select men or picked men
spiritual leaders with business skills not
under this spiritual blightwhom he
called to relocate at Battle Creek. He reckoned that if 20 such families moved to
church headquarters, this would bring
new spiritual vitality and lessen the leadership burden.9 Although these families
helped for a time, in the end it appears to
have only made matters worse.
A power struggle developed in late
1872 and early 1873 over how to conduct

the Review and Herald. Some of the picked

men viewed the editor, Uriah Smith, as
an obstacle to reform. Ultimately Smith
quit, which prompted General Conference president G. I. Butler to mention to
Ellen White: I am sure there are whisperings all through the State [of Michigan]
over Uriahs case.10 Rumors and gossip
only accentuated this leadership crisis.

Change of Plans
During the summer of 1872 the
Whites left for the mountains of Colorado to winter in California. This was
a time of much-needed physical and
spiritual renewal. A significant breakthrough occurred for James White in
December 1872 when he spent a week
in personal prayer, Bible study, and
reflection. He described his spiritual
struggle as one characterized by deep
mourning and repentance because
he had not heeded the warnings
directed toward him through the testimonies or visions from his wife.
Now he recognized his own spiritual
peril and circulated a tract about his
new spiritual resolve. In the wake of
this spiritual awakening James sought
to reconcile with those whom he had
wronged.11 This particular event was a
turning point, after which his theology
became decidedly more Christ-centered.
At first the Whites had indicated to


Uriah Smith poses
with his family in the
1880s. Left to right:
daughter, Annie;
wife, Harriet; sons
Leon, Charles, Uriah;
Uriah Smith; and
son Samuel. | February 19, 2015 |

( 1 47 )


church leaders that they would not

return to Battle Creek for the upcoming
General Conference session. They now
felt it was their duty to be present. They
arrived on March 4, 1873, but the strain
was too much. James fell back into old
habits of overwork and suffered
another shock of paralysis.
After treatments at the Health Reform
Institute, the Whites resumed their original plan of spending the summer in the

hurt, and a general sense of suspicion

pervaded the congregation. Ellen White
likewise admonished church leaders
such as J. N. Andrews and Uriah Smith
for their lack of good judgment and failure to curb this criticism.17
The revival began in earnest as James
and Ellen held daily meetings at the Battle Creek church. They held simple Bible
studies in which they recounted what
God had done for them in their own
spiritual experience.
While the talks by the
are no longer extant,
it seems likely that James,
who had been striving to
make things right with
begins by
other church leaders, shared
his own recent spiritual
to our
struggle. Based upon later
testimonies, they also reknees to
counted about what God
had done for them as they
rededicated their lives to the
with God.
Lords work earlier that
mountains of Colorado. While they were
summer while in Colorado. We bore
there the initial revival that flickered in
testimony before the crowded congreJames and Ellen Whites hearts burned
gation, James noted, that our solemn
into resolve and reformation. In the
convictions were that the time to favor
Rocky Mountains, James later reflected
Zion, so far as these words could apply
of their experience in the third person,
to our time and our wants were conthey gave themselves, their children,
cerned, had come.18 The solemn biblical
and their property to the Lord in a solmessages and testimony about Gods
emn covenant, praying that the Lord
providential leading were combined
would . . . use them . . . in His cause.12
into an urgent appeal to encourage others to seek Gods blessing too.
The Whites considered this a perThe revival meetings were reinforced
sonal turning point in their lives.13 They
by Ellens personal testimonies that
now planned to return to California for
emphasized the need for personal conthe winter. On their way they felt solversion.19 She believed that revival and
emnly impressed to return once again
to Battle Creek. After quietly praying,
reformation occurred when individual
they felt a power turning our mind
hearts soften through the subduing
around, against our determined purinfluence of the Holy Spirit. As the
pose, toward the General Conference
meetings continued, confessions were
[session] to be [held] in a few days at
made. The hearts of these early believers
Battle Creek.14 They arrived on Novemwere melted as they pledged mutual
love and support for one another. J. N.
ber 10, 1873,15 and remained until
Andrews observed that about 200 peoDecember 18, 1873.16
ple, many of them young people, participated in this significant revival. The
The Heart of
spirit was one of sacrifice and consecraAdventist Revival
tion, along with a desire to save souls.20
As the Whites returned to Battle
Creek there was a significant church
Perhaps the most poignant aspect of
struggle over lifestyle standards.
the revival occurred when reconciliation
Regardless of the issues, feelings were
took place between Uriah and Harriet

( 1 4 8 ) | | February 19, 2015

Smith and James and Ellen White. In

particular, Harriet publicly confessed to
her role in contributing to the crisis in
the Battle Creek church over lifestyle
The strongest union now exists,
observed James White, between those
who have not been able to see eye to eye.
With this improved state of things has
come a spirit of prayer, and of faith, and
a large degree of the Spirit of God. Not a
few who have been found in uncertainty, and held by the chains of unbelief in darkness, have been set free, and
have been able to triumph in the pardoning love of Christ.22 The message of
revival had indeed culminated in genuine reformation as a newfound love for
Jesus anchored the hearts of Adventist
believers in Battle Creek.
During the meetings Uriah Smith
drafted a solemn covenant, in which
members of the Battle Creek church
pledged themselves to hold up the
hands of those whom God has called
[the Whites] to lead out in the work, . . .
and that they would faithfully regard
reproof, and be true helpers in the work
of God. Although the Whites soon
afterward left for California, the Battle
Creek church for the first time
requested James to be their pastor. After
some impressive remarks by Uriah
Smith, he proposed that the pen, the
inkstand, and the paper to which they
had attached their names should be laid
up together as a memorial before
God.23 James, when he later preached at
the Battle Creek church, remembered
the solemn memorial that was housed
in a box in front of the pulpit.24

True Revival
The 1873 revival helps to illustrate
that early Seventh-day Adventists developed a distinctive understanding of
revival and reformation. A. C. Bourdeau,
in an article titled The Revivals of the
Day, juxtaposed a Seventh-day Adventist view of revivals with popular
revivals from the same period. These
revivals cannot effect any permanent
good while they are based upon feeling
and excitement, instead of being
founded upon principle.


a cabin much enjoyed by James and Ellen
White, near Rollinsville, Colorado.

Bourdeau noted overhearing a conversation on a train in which various

opinions were given about recent revivals. Many who started on the path of
revival afterward quit religion
because religion [was] driven into
them merely through excitement,
enthusiasm, or fanaticism, and who
moved only from feeling and not from
principle.25 Bourdeaus perspective
was reinforced by numerous other early
Adventists during the 1870s who struck
fiercely antirevivalist cords.26
One of the most important lessons
that James White discovered was that
revival and reformation can never be
dictated or coerced from church members. The simple act of replacing or adding new church members only made
matters worse. Instead, the nucleus of
revival strengthened with gradual conviction as James White recognized his
own personal spiritual need and hunger. As he wrestled with God, first in
California and later in Colorado, he was
then in turn able to lead others through
personal confession and sharing about
Gods leading led in his own life.
It is significant that early Adventists
who warned against popular revivals
were not thereby rejecting their evangelical heritage. Instead, they were critiquing the same revivalist heritage they

were very much part of, characterized

by individual confession, repentance,
and a general wrestling with God that
led to deeper consecration. Yet they realized that any revival that would last
must be anchored in conviction gained
from Scripture, not emotional manipulation. True revival begins by dropping
to our knees to wrestle with God.
While no revival can be fairly evaluated by statistics alone, as a historian I
cannot help noticing some dramatic historical shifts. In the period leading up to
1873, church membership decreased by
15 percent; but in the three years after
the 1873 revival, church growth swelled
to between 15 to 25 percent, the highest
denominational growth ever!27
Of course, I think the most tangible
indicator that something significant
had occurred was comments about a
particularly meaningful celebration of
the Lords Supper as the Whites prepared to leave. As believers washed each
others feet and consecrated themselves
anew, they remembered their individual
need to partake of the sacred emblems
of the body and blood of Jesus Christ.28
Clearly things had changed. Now the
Whites supported starting a school in
Battle Creek.29 Similar roadblocks about
sending a missionary to Europe were
also removed. Adventist education and

mission were thus birthed out of a distinctive Adventist understanding of

revival and reformation. n
James D. Bratt, ed., Antirevivalism in Antebellum America: A Collection of Religious Voices (New Brunswick, N.J.:
Rutgers University Press, 2005), pp. xvii-xx.
Early Sabbatarian Adventists linked the 1857-1858
revivals to the rise of modern spiritualism. [James
White], The Recent Revivals, Advent Review and Sabbath
Herald [hereafter RH], Apr. 21, 1859, pp. 172, 173, and
What Spiritualists Expect to Reap From the Revivals,
RH, Apr. 29, 1858, p. 192.
James White, Statements and Suggestions, RH,
July 23, 1872, pp. 45, 46.
See The Michigan Camp Meeting, RH, Sept. 9,
1873, p. 100. My dating of early September corresponds
with the publication of individual articles in RH, Sept.
16, 1873, p. 109; Sept. 23, 1873, p. 117; Sept. 30, 1873, p.
125; and Oct. 7, 1873, pp. 132, 133. See also Ellen G.
White, Testimonies for the Church (Mountain View, Calif.:
Pacific Press Pub. Assn., 1948), vol. 3, pp. 252-338.
E. G. White, Testimonies, vol. 4, pp. 73-75.
James White, in RH, Nov. 14, 1871, p. 172.
E. G. White, Testimonies, vol. 3, p. 261.
Ibid., p. 293.
See G. I. Butlers appeal in response, Moving to
Battle Creek, RH, Oct. 15, 1872, p. 140; James White,
What We See in the Review, RH, Nov. 5, 1872, p. 164.
G. I. Butler to Ellen G. White, Aug. 6, 1873, Ellen G.
White Estate incoming correspondence.
James White, A Solemn Appeal to the Ministry and the
People (Battle Creek, Mich.: Steam Press of the Seventhday Adventist Pub. Assn., 1873).
James White, Systematic Benevolence, RH, Sept.
12, 1878, p. 92.
Cf. James White, The Cause of God, RH, Nov. 4,
1875, p. 140.
James White, The Cause at Battle Creek, RH, Dec.
30, 1873, p. 20.
For a description, see RH, Dec. 2, 1873, p. 196; Dec. 9,
1873, p. 207; Dec. 23, 1873, p. 12; and Dec. 30, 1873, p. 20.
The departure of the Whites from Battle Creek is
noted in RH, Dec. 30, 1873, p. 20.
Cf. E. G. White, Testimonies, vol. 3, pp. 14, 15, 38, 39,
90, 104-116.
J. White, The Cause at Battle Creek.
Cf. E. G. White, Testimonies, vol. 3, pp. 85-104, 197201, 214.
J. N. Andrews, Meetings at Battle Creek Since the
Conference, RH, Dec. 2, 1873, p. 196.
Harriet N. Smith, Down to the River and Back
Again, RH, Jan. 13, 1874, p. 39.
J. White, The Cause at Battle Creek.
James White, Eight Weeks at Battle Creek, RH,
June 1, 1876, p. 172.
A. C. Bourdeau, The Revivals of the Day, RH, Apr.
15, 1875, p. 125.
Cf. Joseph Clarke, Latter-Day Revivals, RH, Mar. 9,
1876, p. 75; J. H. Waggoner, Modern Revivals, RH, Mar.
25, 1875, p. 101.
Malcolm Bull and Keith Lockhart, Seeking a Sanctuary: Seventh-day Adventism and the American Dream, 2nd ed.
(Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2007), p. 139.
J. White, Eight Weeks at Battle Creek.
James White, The School, RH, Dec. 9, 1873, p. 205.

Michael W. Campbell, Ph.D.,

serves as an assistant
professor of Adventist Studies
at the Adventist International
Institute of Advanced Studies in
Silang, Cavite, Philippines. You can follow him
on his blog at | February 19, 2015 | ( 149)


steve creitz

Heart and Soul:


The One Who Sits

on the Throne
Destined for royaltywith Jesus

esus reigns! This is the ultimate

revelation of the book of Revelation. Sure, the books study is a
challenge often surrounded by a
multitude of concepts regarding
the interpretation of the message it contains. It seems that you have to be an
expert in history or archaeology to
understand it. Some talk only about
conflict, strife, and persecutions.

A Positive Outlook
But what if we see it from a more
simple and positive outlook? John

( 1 5 0) | | February 19, 2015

praised God when he understood the

purpose of the book. That purpose is to
show that Jesus conquered history by
His blood. He reigns. And purchased by
the blood He shed and the victory of
love thus gained, the redeemed are constituted into a kingdom of priests to
serve God: Jesus reigns, and we reign
with Him (Rev. 1:5, 6).
The books disclosures are best
appreciated when we study them in the
light of Christs mediatorial ministry.
The context of the sanctuary/temple and
Gods covenant of salvation are the literary, historical, and theological backdrop to everything in the book.1 The
book is a vision with several major scenarios.2 But its goal is not to distract
readers with exotic images, or bog down
students striving to decipher obscure
word pictures or ideas. Rather, it is to
send a message of hope for those who
await Christs coming in a world of
intense conflict. The struggles of the
saints may be great. The opposition of
the enemy is strong. But Jesus victory is
our hope. It is our guarantee. He reigns,
and He will have us reign with Him.
This is what we find as we tour the
scenes of the book. Our exploration will
take us through the following stages:



Stage I


Stage II


Stage III


Stage IV


Revelation Scenarios
The writers of the Gospels emphasize
the coming of the Messiah in His mediating role as a sacrifice. He is the Lamb
of God who takes away the sin of the
world (John 1:29).
In the book of Revelation Christ
appears conducting His mediatorial
ministry in another phase, as high
priest in the heavenly temple. This is
precisely how He presents Himself in
the messages to the seven churches: as a
faithful go-between who knows His

people and can represent them before

Gods throne.
He surely knows His followers: to the
Ephesian leaders He says, I know your
deeds and your toil and perseverance
(Rev. 2:2);3 and to Smyrna, I know your
tribulation and your poverty (but you
are rich) (verse 9); and to the angel of
the church in Pergamum, I know where
you dwell, where Satans throne is; and
you hold fast My name (verse 13); He
knows Thyatiras love and faith and
service and perseverance, and that its
later deeds are greater than its earlier
ones (verse 19); He knows that Sardis
has a name and fakes life, but is dead
(Rev. 3:1); He knows Philadelphias
faithfulness (verse 8); and Laodiceas
lukewarmness (verses 15, 16). He knows
them all. He knows us all.
He knows and calls us to repentance;
He is determined to take us higher. He
wants the transforming power of His
blood to act on us; He is bringing us up
to the measure of the stature of His own
fullness (see Eph. 4:13). He wants to
apply to our individual and corporate
experience His righteousness, made
available by His substitutionary death
on the cross (Rev. 1:9-3:22). He means to
present us soon to Himself and His
Father and the entire universe, having
no spot or wrinkle or any such thing;
but . . . holy and blameless (Eph. 5:27).
Given His perfect substitutionary sacrifice, crucified with Him we may live;
yet not we, but He in and through us, to
the praise and glory of His name (see
Gal. 2:20; Eph. 1). His reproof and chastening are not for the sake of condemnation. Denunciation of Ephesus
increasing coldness and Laodiceas
lukewarmness, of immorality in Pergamum or heresy in Thyatira, is not an
end in itself. He is revealing our true
state to us, and reminding us of the
hope of His calling, presenting to us
the riches of the glory of His inheritance (Eph. 1:18). He want us, needs
us, to experience the surpassing greatness of [Gods] power in accordance
with the working of the strength of His

might which He brought about in

Christ, when He raised Him from the
dead and seated Him at His right hand
in the heavenly places, far above all rule
and authority and power and dominion,
and every name that is named, not only
in this age, but also in the one to come
(verses 19-21). He reigns, and we shall
reign with Him.
Every promise Christ makes to the
victors in the conflict who are part of
His church points to the very moment
they will join Him in His functions of
universal government in heaven. There
is a growing progress from the promise
made to the first church to that made to
the last one. The last church, Laodicea, is
the one that receives the promise that
he who overcomes, I will grant him to
sit down with Me on My throne (Rev.
3:21). God wants humans to be near
Him in the government of the universe,
as John notes in his introductory statement of praise.

Second Stage
The promise to Laodicea opens the
books second stage, Revelation 4:17:17, with a glimpse of the throne of
God and the opening of the seals. It is
remarkable how the scene shows
beings who surround the throne in a
concentric description. The first circle
is made up of four living creatures.
Christ is also at the throne as the sacrificial Lamb and the Lion of the tribe of
Judah. Beyond the four living creatures
come the seven Spirits of God, followed
by elders, angels, and, in the last circle,
the great multitude of all the redeemed
from the earth (Rev. 7:9-17). The scene
of the great multitude before the
throne is a vision and a promise that
God will keep.
God wants beside Him those whom
the blood of the Lamb has redeemed.
The Lamb has won. The Lamb reigns;
and they will reign with Him. The fifth
seal describes the closeness God maintains with His brutalized witnesses. He
keeps before the altar of His throne the
memory of the blood shed by His faith-

ful servants (Rev. 6:9-11). This blood is

crying out to God for justice, like the
blood of the first martyr, Abel (Gen.
4:10). In the third stage God will answer
the cry of How long that goes up from
these silenced souls (Rev. 6:10).

Third and Fourth Stages

The third stage runs from Revelation
8:1 to 11:18, and presents the execution
of the final judgment against those who
persecute Gods faithful ones. Trumpets
announce the approach of the final
stage of Christs mediatorial ministry
before the throne of God in response to
the cry of the martyrs. The difficulties
that trigger Gods judgments arise from
humans rejection of God and His Word.
The darkness is caused by the lack of the
Gods Word indicates that humans
have moved away from God and are
under the ruling power of dark forces
that oppose the domain of divine government. These difficulties increase
with the sound of each trumpet.
The last trumpet is the opening of the
fourth stage, which runs from Revelation 11:19 to 14:20. It is introduced with
a scene in the sanctuary before the very
throne of God (Rev. 11:19).
This scenario describes in more detail
the tricks, deception, and persecution of
the opponents of God against His faithful children. Under the symbolism of
three signs,4 God shows the reasons to
execute His judgments. But even in the
heat of the conflict He again presents
the beautiful security of redemption in
He does this through a parenthesis
that refers again to the 144,000 (Rev.
14:1-6), whom God acts to take to Himself. Then, having presented the company
of the saved and announced the message
of their salvation, the chapter concludes
with a description of the second coming
of Christ, the action that will gather in
the sheaves of the saved. That sequence
and its climactic action underline the
thrust of the book: Christ coming as conquering king to vindicate His name and | February 19, 2015 | ( 1 5 1 )


claim His own. He reigns. And they will

reign with Him (Rev. 14:17-20).

It Is Finished
The result of Christs coming is shown
in an anticipatory scene: it is the great
multitude of the redeemed, and it is
presented alongside the vision of the
third sign, that of the angels who will
administer Gods wrath (Rev. 15:1-5).

aspects of the trial that brings to an end

the conflict between good and evil. We
also receive more details about the battle of Armageddon.

At the end of the book of Revelation
God has fully restored humanity as part
of the family of His creation. The circle
of those God wants to be near His

Jesus reigns!
And we shall
reign with Him.

The outpouring of the cups of the wrath

proclaims that Christ ceases His mediatorial work in heavenly places to return
to earth.
The last of those plagues contains a
conclusive statement: It is done (Rev.
16:17). The end of opposition to God is
considered a fact. Brief mention is made
of Armageddon, the last battle in the
cosmic conflict. But in the next scene,
God gives more details about this battle
and the fall of His opponents.
The praises of the great multitude of
the redeemed (Rev. 19:1-21:1) celebrate
the happiness produced by the end of the
conflict. These rejoicing ones are those
who take part in the first resurrection
(Rev. 20:4-6) and see fulfilled the promise
that answers the earlier How long (Rev.
6:10). But like the exultant scene of Revelation 15:2-5, the joy that introduces Revelation 19 is in fact a glimpse that
anticipates the end of the scenario.
That introductory glimpse inspires
readers to follow confidently the
description of scenes that must take
place prior to that end. Heaven celebrates
that Christ has come to reign. He comes
and prepares to return for the third time,
when He will put the ultimate and utter
end to all conflict, and restore the full
government of God in the universe.
He will reign, and we shall reign with
Him. He is the Lamb, and we are His
people (Rev. 19:7). In Revelation 19-21
we see the reviewing and executing

throne is complete. The redeemed officiate as priests and kings of God and
Christ (Rev. 20:6), as announced in Revelation 1:6, 5:10, and 7:15.
God renews all things (Rev. 21:5)! And
John is given the privilege to see in
detail the wonderful moments that
await the redeemed in the New Jerusalem prepared by God and coming down
from heaven. There is no temple there,
because God Himself is the temple
(verse 22). He is the living tabernacle
(verse 3) whose sacrifice, righteousness,
and judgment provide the perfect mediation that redeems those whom the
conflict had once separated from Him.5
Revelation 7:15-17 and 21:4 emphasize
that the redeemed will no longer experience any situations that cause pain:
they will never know thirst; the sun will
not bother them; and God will wipe
away every tear from their eyes.
Thus God finally reveals to John all
that He has done so that the great multitude of the redeemed might finally
gather before His throne (Rev. 7:15) and
rejoice in His presence with the rest of
His creation.

The epilogue of Revelation concludes,
The throne of God and of the Lamb will
be [there], and His bond-servants will
serve Him; and they will see His face,
and His name will be on their foreheads
(Rev. 22:3, 4).

( 1 5 2 ) | | February 19, 2015

Revelations scenes all point to a final

climax emphasizing the fulfillment of a
promise of God: the great multitude
of the redeemed of earth will stand
before the throne of God; they will be
kings and priests; they will serve in the
universal government of God. Jesus
reigns, and we shall reign with Him.
A most inspiring message! God is
actively working to have with Him those
He has redeemed from the earth: Jesus
reigns, and we shall reign with Him. n
From its very beginning the Seventh-day Adventist
Church has studied the sanctuary activities as a key
doctrine to understand others in biblical revelation.
Over the past decades, many authors have discussed
this subject. See, for example, Alberto Treiyer, El da de
la expiacin y la purificacin del santuario (Florida, Buenos Aires: Asociacin Casa Editora Sudamericana,
1988); Richard M. Davidson, In Confirmation of the
Sanctuary Message, Journal of the Adventist Theological
Society 2, no. 1 (Spring 1991): 93-114; Alberto R. Timm,
The Sanctuary and the Three Angels Messages: Integrating
Factors in the Development of Seventh-day Adventist Doctrines (Berrien Springs, Mich.: Adventist Theological
Society Publications, 1995, 2002).
On the varied proposals for the division of the
book based on analysis of the sanctuary scenes, the
parenthesis between the scenarios, etc., see Ranko Stefanovic, Revelation of Jesus Christ (Berrien Springs, Mich.:
Andrews University Press, 2002), pp. 43-45; Ekkehardt
Mller, Microstructural Analysis of Revelation 4-11,
Andrews University Seminary Doctoral Dissertation
Series (Berrien Springs, Mich.: Andrews University
Press, 1994), vol. 21; Kenneth A. Strand, Book Reviews:
Mysterious Apocalypse: Interpreting the Book of Revelation,
Andrews University Seminary Studies 34, no. 2 (Autumn
1996): 347, 348; Jon Paulien, Decoding Revelations Trumpets, Andrews University Seminary Doctoral Dissertation Series (Berrien Springs, Mich.: Andrews
University Press, 1987), vol. 11.
Except otherwise indicated, all Scripture quotations are from the New American Standard Bible, copyright 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975,
1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by
A woman clothed with the sun (Rev. 12:1); a great
red dragon (verse 3); and the angels of the seven last
plagues (Rev. 15:1).
John 16:8-11 mentions the Holy Spirits role in
relation to the three aspects of the ministry of Christ
that are a synthesis of the sanctuary service: The Spirit
will reprove of (1) sin, which is a function of the altar
of sacrifice; (2) righteousness, which relates to the
application of the perfect victims blood on behalf of
the believer (the first compartment in the sanctuary);
and (3) judgment, concerned with the final judgment
(the second compartment in the sanctuary).

Silvia C. Scholtus, Ph.D., is

senior editor of the Department of Publishing at River
Plate Adventist University,
Libertador San Martn, Entre
Ros, Argentina.

Journeys With Jesus

The alarm jarred me awake. I glanced around the dark room. Where
was I? Yesterday felt like a blur. Chicago to Istanbul. Istanbul to Tel Aviv. What would Greg and I encounter here?
What lessons did God have for us in this land of the Bible?
I stepped onto our hotel balcony as the sky flushed a rosy hue. The city of Tiberias was waking up. Just to
my east lay the Sea of Galilee, scarcely a ripple on its surface.
We ate breakfast as the sun rose over the Judean hills, then went outside. An olive-skinned man stood by
the door of our bus. Middle-aged, perhaps 50, with salt-and-pepper hair. A cigarette hung between his
fingers. He smiled at Greg and me as we boarded.
The ride began with prayer and a brief introduction of our guide and bus driver. I felt instantly comfortable with our guide. He was incredibly knowledgeable as well as interesting, and possessed a great sense of
humor. He was Jewish, and I was already friends with several Jewish people.
Our bus driver, however, was different. Ahmed was obviously an Arab, and I had never met an Arab before.
Oh, Id seen them in the store or at the airport, but they always seemed a bit mysterious, with different
customs and culture, and definitely a different religion. What did I have in common with them? Probably
Days passed. We took a boat ride on the Sea of Galilee, walked the streets of Capernaum, and saw
the amphitheater where Paul made his defense before King Agrippa. By this time I had learned
how to pronounce Ahmeds name, but I knew little more about him. Ours was a cordial
One day we stopped at a Christian shop to purchase souvenirs. Just as I reached for my
wallet, Ahmed appeared. He gave a hand-painted cooking-spoon rest to the salesclerk and
spoke in Hebrew. The clerk wrapped it in a paper bag and handed it to me. Confused, I looked
at Ahmed. Its a gift for you, he smiled.
I opened my mouth to thank him, but he had already disappeared.
I was touched. Why had he given me this gift? The next morning I spotted Ahmed at our hotel,
eating with the other bus drivers. Ahmed, I approached him hesitantly. Would you mind
autographing my spoon rest for me?
He took the marker from me and extinguished his cigarette. Do you want it in English or
Oh, Arabic, definitely.
That day something changed in our relationship. No longer was Ahmed simply the bus driver. Neither
was he someone with a different heritage or a strange religion. He was becoming our friend. We spent time
talking with him and saw pictures of his six kids. He told us about his early marriage to his wife, and about
the death of his mom from lung cancer. Twice he brought us medjool dates from his own backyard in
We began to feel an affinity with him. Gone was my fear of his nationality and religion. Each day Greg and
I were amazed by the depth of Ahmeds kindness, compassion, and unconditional love.
The last night arrived. Greg and I stopped to say goodbye to Ahmed. I reached out to hug him. Goodbye,
I whispered. Were going to miss you.
He squeezed me tightly. Me, too. I hope I can see you both again.
I nodded as the tears spilled over.
Why had God sent me halfway around the world? Was it to see the places Jesus walked? Perhaps. Was it to
become friends with others who joined us there? Maybe. Was it to break down my own prejudice and give
me a picture of Himself as revealed in the life of a middle-aged Arabic man? Absolutely.
The dichotomy was that Ahmed, a man who had never called on the name of Jesus, had shown me what
He was like. n


Jill Morikone is administrative assistant to the president of 3ABN, a supporting Adventist television network. She and her
husband, Greg, live in southern Illinois and enjoy ministering together for Jesus. | February 19, 2015 | ( 1 5 3 )


Adventist Life

When the
Body Isnt Wheat

Do food


ommy, when we get to

heaven, I will be able to
eat everything on the
table, an earnest 4-yearold voice broke into my
concentration. Recent blood tests had
revealed that our daughter had 19 food
sensitivities, and all the old favorites
were suddenly off the menu. Gluten and
gluten-containing grains, legumes,
nuts, dairy, eggs, and rice were all
unfriendly to her body, and we began
the odyssey of discovering new foods
and creating new recipes to be able to
feed our child.
The new normal left us, as it
were, on foreign soil. All the traditional Adventist foods were out
the door. All the quick-to-grab

( 1 5 4 ) |

meals were gone. No more samples at

the store or food at friends houses.
Directions for babysitters had to be
Then there were the questions coming at us from every direction. And the
advice; everyone had advice. Some of it
was valuable; other times, when someone who clearly had no experience felt a
need to tell me how to feed my child, it
was difficult to be gracious.
One week our daughters Sabbath
school teacher announced that she and
the other class leaders would be bringing pumpkin pie for all the children the
following Sabbath. I tried to warn the
teacher of my childs sensitivities, but
she didnt really hear me. So during that
week my 4-year-old and I practiced saying, No, thank you. We said it quietly,
we sang it, and at times we shouted it at
each other in cheerleader fashion. At the
end of her Sabbath school class the

teacher came to me, astonished that my

little girl did not want any pie. This time
she heard me as I explained what I had
tried to tell her the week before. She
began to understand the new life we
were dealing with every day.
In time, further blood testing showed
that father and brother had many food
sensitivities as well.
Through the years the children grew
physically and spiritually. They watched
as each Communion came and went.
They questioned, as each child does,
what the emblems represent. And they
both realized, I cant eat that.

Baking for the Bigger Table

In 2010 both children decided to be
baptizedan incredibly high moment
for our family, but one that left me
scrambling to create a Communion
cracker that would be safe for them. I
wanted them to come to the Commu-

nion table feeling the full importance of

the service and the sense of community
that it provides, if only once in their lifetimes. The thought of their first Communion excited the children, but they
worried about not being able to partake.
That first Communion for the children was very exciting. I had created
Communion crackers that they could
safely eat, and they reminded me many
times that morning not to leave the
crackers at home. At church we put their
special crackers into a glass bowl so the
elders would know they were different
from the rest of the crackers on the
table, and I explained to all involved
that no one must touch the wheat-free
crackers after they had touched those
made from wheat. As the children were
served, you could see in their eyes the
deep excitement that comes with a first
life event.
Many Communions have come and

Principles for
Wheat-free Baking
There are some basic principles that should be followed when baking for individuals who have wheat

Dont bake with wheat on the same day, in the

same place, as wheat-free crackers or breads are
baked. Wheat flour can hang in the air for hours after baking, and when it settles, the counters
and dishes in a kitchen are contaminated until they are washed. It is better to make wheat-free
Communion bread in a kitchen that is normally wheat-free, if such a kitchen is available.

Do not serve the wheat crackers and wheat-free crackers in the same dish.

Do not touch the wheat-free crackers after you have touched the wheat crackers, since crumbs
from the wheat crackers can be carried to the wheat-free ones. A pastor or elder who wants to
break some of the wheat-free crackers should do that before breaking the wheat ones. | February 19, 2015 | ( 1 5 5 )


gone since that first one, and we still

faithfully take crackers that our family
can eat. During announcements we let
others know that there is gluten-free
Communion bread available, and oth-

ers have also benefited. One visitor

thanked me for making them available.
It was the first time in years that she
had been able to participate in that part
of the service.

Communion Bread
The following recipe works well with dif-

Mix all dry ingredients in a bowl, and

ferent flours. While most people find it

mix all the wet ingredients in a separate

tasty, the crackers can be crunchier than

bowl. Form a hollow in the center of the

regular wheat crackers. The ingredients

dry ingredients and pour the wet ingredi-

can be found at most markets that carry

ents into it. Mix with a fork until the

gluten-free flours.

dough is quite thick, then knead it until

all the ingredients are combined. Roll the

Wheat-free Communion Bread

dough out very thin on a pan using wax

3/4 cup sorghum (or millet or teff) flour

or parchment paper and score it with a

3/4 cup corn (or arrowroot) starch

knife. Bake at 350F for 20 to 30 minutes

1/2 cup tapioca starch flour

(until it is lightly browned and the crack-

1/2 tsp. salt

ers start to separate from each other),

1/2 cup oil (I generally use olive oil)

and begin removing the crackers around

1/2 cup cold water

the edge as they finish baking. Continue

baking, and remove every five to 10 minutes until all are done.

Lessons From the

Bigger Table
So why do I add that baking project to
what is often a very busy Friday? My
children are used to not being able to
eat the food that others are eating. What
is it that I want them to learn? Its that:
Christ called all people to follow Him.
The whoever in John 3:16 is open to
everyone. He asked all the people to sit
down when He fed the 5,000, and the
bread and fish were passed out to all.
He ministered to all types of people, to
men from every walk of life, to women
and children, to the physically whole as
well as to those who were blind, lame,
or dumb. His sacrifice was for all people, tribes, and nations.
The children of God come with many
different backgrounds, natures, and
styles, but they are all His children.
When Paul said, There is neither Jew
nor Gentile (Gal. 3:28), he meant that
everyone who is in Christ gets to come
to the table. There are no second-class
citizens in the kingdom of God.
The body of Christ includes real
humans with real problems and adjusts
for the needs of all members. The
parts of the body that seem to be
weaker are indispensable, and God
Himself wants there to be no division
in the body, but that the members may
have the same care for one another
(1 Cor. 12:22, 25, ESV).*
In our home we still dream of heaven
and the healing that will take place. And
we look forward to the honor of eating
a full Communion with Christ at the
long table where all will be included.
Someday our family will sit down at
that heavenly banquet and be able to eat
anything on the table. But for now we
include as many as possible in His supper here. n
* Scripture quotations marked ESV are from The
Holy Bible, English Standard Version, copyright 2001
by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Heidi Ashton is a homemaker

and home educator in central


( 1 5 6) | | February 19, 2015

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Adventist HealthCare


C.D.: The Man Behind the Message

Harold L. Lee with Benjamin Baker, C.D.:
The Man Behind the Message (Hagerstown, Md.: Review and Herald Publishing
Association, 2013), 239 pages + 12 pages
index, $17.99 (paper), reviewed by Wilona
Karimabadi, assistant editor, Adventist

f you work in the General Conference

office building, you often have the
privilege of seeing C. D. Brooks in the
hallways or cafeteria, or walking
through the parking lot. As chaplain for
the North American Division, this kindhearted man with a gentle but bright
smile can always be found holding elevators open for fellow employees or
offering a cheerful greeting, even if he
doesnt know you. His presence in the
building is a welcome one, for if you are
like me, you cant help feeling a little
lucky to share office space with such a
giant of the Adventist Church.
While I knew that C. D. Brooks was a
champion evangelist and worldrenowned speaker, I admit to not knowing much else about his life. Therefore, I
was only too eager to snag a copy of
Harold Lee and Benjamin Bakers biography of him. I ended up reading the
book in about two days.
As this book is extremely well
researched, the narrative makes the
reader feel like a fly on the wall during
key moments of Brookss life. You can
picture the hospital room where his
mother lay ill, and hear the words she
heard in vision instructing her to keep
all the commandmentsthe starting
point that led her to Sabbathkeeping
and the Adventist Church. From there
you are part of the story of Brookss life
as a boy near Greensboro, North Carolina, to his days as a student at Oakwood


University, bucking all kinds of odds;

to his romance and marriage to his
beloved Walterene, through his
struggles and triumphs as a young
pastor, and then to the Christlike
manner in which he dealt with
the ugliness of racism during
pivotal years of his career in
ministry; then on through
the founding and growth
of the Breath of Life
ministry. All these
moments in the life
of one of the greatest preachers our
has ever
known point
readers to the
inspiration so
evident in C. D. Brookss
life: his deep love of his Savior,
Jesus. It was certainly a privilege to
learn more about this man who has
done so much good for others in his
mission to win souls.
From time to time we are all in need
of a good read that boosts our personal
relationship with Christ through seeing
His power in the life of someone else.
This bookfrom start to finishtestifies of exactly that. Through reading it I
found myself reminded of Gods goodness in my own life while marveling at
how He moved giant mountains in
Brookss life and ministry to accomplish
amazing things for His kingdom. Its a
book that quite simply leaves the reader
deeply impressed and inspired. That
was certainly its effect on me.
World church president Ted Wilsons
comments in the foreword of the book
reiterates that sentiment. In this special book, he says, you will find thrill-

( 1 5 8 ) | | February 19, 2015

ing stories
of God using
this powerful preacher
to blaze new trails in evangelism, church
organization, and human relations. You
will also learn to lean on God in various
circumstances, bringing encouragement
to your life and walk with Jesus. Ultimately, as you read about Elder Brookss
life and ministry, you will be inspired to
rededicate your life to Jesus and to tell
others of His saving power.
As the weather gets wintry in the
Northern Hemisphere, take the opportunity to stay indoors one Sabbath
afternoon and curl up with this book.
Youll find your heart warmed and your
faith strengthened in the story of the
life and times of a servant of God, who
has done great things just through his
willingness to be used by the Lord. n


Saved by Hope
So Valentines Day is sadly past, and we must get beyond the hearts
and chocolates. After all, the hoped-for proposal never materialized; the date never showed; the bright
engagement ring that fantasy had slipped on to your finger only faded to dull gloom. So its time to move
onto real life.
Think hard about it. Or just let the scientists tell you: you cant be a good scientist and expect to function
on hope. If youre going to deal fairly with the data, and not be deluded by fantasy, distracted with speculation, and destroyed by disappointment, then you dont want Cupids hit-and-miss arrows; you want control
and measurement. Give me a laboratory or give me death! Everything worth its salt must include quantifiable, measurable portions of sodium and chlorine, and in the right proportion.
Lo and behold, theres a text against that: For in this hope we were saved. But hope that is seen is no hope
at all (Rom. 8:24). Seen here is not meant to distinguish between vision and touch and hearing and taste
and smell. Hope that is seen is no hope at all signifies that if you can hold, inhale, or savor it, its not hope;
if you can measure it, control it, and manipulate its values in your lab, its not hope. You know the claim
that what is real is only what you can chop and heat and chart in a lab!
This truth you hold to be self-evident.
And based on it, while all the lovers sleep, you strive and toil forever
upward through the night with your data analysis; restarting biological
experiments because a blackout ruined all the samples in your refrigerator, forcing you to dump them all, develop new cultures, and start
again; rewriting programs because some virus invaded your computers
and confounded everything; going down a completely different track
because somebody said the work you were doing, of which you thought
so much, would never be deemed to have sufficiency.
And yet, think hard again. For who does not know that in the end,
only one thing can keep you and your conscientious, scientific siblings
focused through all this? Something you cannot pocket, or save in test
tubes or under glass slides; but it still keeps you trying. Its precious.
And youve got it. Its called hope. And those who lose it in some trough
of despond and depression slit their wrists and hang themselves in
bathrooms or drown in intoxicants that you can drink or sniff or puff
and go away.
Whether you are lover or scientist, hope must not die. Ask Thomas
Alva Edison after 9,000 failed attempts to create an electric lightbulb.
Someone asked if he felt like a failure and if he thought he should just
give up. But Edison didnt follow the questioners reasoning. Young
man, he said, why would I feel like a failure? And why would I ever
give up? I now know definitively over 9,000 ways that an electric lightbulb will not work. Success is almost
in my grasp. Shortly after that, and more than 10,000 attempts, Edison invented the lightbulb.*
What kept him going? What keeps unsuccessful scientists and frustrated lovers going? What keeps stumbling Christians going? We are saved by hope: hope so powerful that it anchors our soul (Heb. 6:19). We
dont know our tomorrows, for God has not made us omniscient. But He gives hope to keep us until His
tomorrow, for something infinitely better than Valentines Day 2016. And it keeps us going. We are saved by
hope. n

Lael Caesar, Adventist Review associate editor, rejoices that his chance to live with hope instead of full
knowledge is part of Gods saving miracle. | February 19, 2015 | ( 1 59)


By Drs. Claudio and Pamela Consuegra

Also Available in Spanish

Help! Im a Parent will inspire and encourage parents,

grandparents, and caregivers as they journey toward becoming
disciple-makers of their children. It addresses common
challenges experienced when raising children from birth
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The complete set includes a book, two-DVD set, facilitators guide for small groups, and
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Topic: Firm Foundation
Additional Presenters:
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Dr. Katia Reinert
Dr. Cesar & Carolann DeLeon
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Topic: Relationships & Rivalry
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