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ZEN MESTEREK ZEN MASTERS

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vissza a Terebess Online nyitlapjra

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/ Wonhyo (617-686)
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(Magyar trs:) Vonhjo

Wonhyo (617-86)
http://dictionary.buddhistdoor.com/word/16691/wonhyo
One of the most eminent scholar-monks in Korean history, and an influential figure in the development of the east Asian
Buddhist intellectual and commentarial tradition. His extensive literary output runs to over 80 works in 240 fascicles,
and some of his commentaries, such as those on the Nirva Stra and the Awakening of Faith ( Mahynaraddhotpda stra ), became classics revered throughout China and Japan as well as Korea. In fact, his commentary
on the Awakening of Faith helped to make it one of the most influential and intensively studied texts in the east Asian
Mahyna tradition.
Wnhyo lived at a time of social and religious ferment and upheaval. His life extends over the period when the three
kingdoms of the Korean peninsula were united under Silla in 668, and when Buddhists were coming out of a period of
focused study of individual texts and beginning to address questions of Buddhism's doctrinal coherence. By
temperament, Wnhyo was a systematizer and integrater, and he broadly surveyed the literature and doctrines of all of
the various schools of thought that had entered Korea: San-lun, Satyasiddhi (Ch'eng-shih), T'ien-t'ai, Hua-yen, Pure
Land, and Ch'an. He set their various teachings into an overall framework so that each could be seen as a part of the
larger tapestry of Buddhist wisdom and practice, and he is credited with the foundation of the first fully indigenous
school of Korean Buddhist thought, Ppsng (dharma-nature'), which sought to account for the ultimate nature of all
phenomena that bound them together in spite of their apparent diversity. Wnhyo's own integrative vision of Buddhism
came to be called t'ong pulgy', or unitive Buddhism'. In addition to his scholarly activity, Wnhyo is credited as one of
the men who took Buddhist study out of the aristocracy and spread it among the common people, a development that
followed his resignation from the monastic order (Sagha) and subsequent marriage. It was through his endeavours
among the people that the Pure Land practice of reciting the Buddha's name became widespread.

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Wonhyo Daesa
http://international-zen-temple.de/en/zen/transmission.htm
The three worlds are only mind,
And all phenomena arise from the mind consciousness.
If the truth is present in the mind,
How could it be found outside of the mind!
The Venerable Zen Master Wonhyo, born in 617 C.E., began his life as monk at the Hwangnyongsa Temple. He studied
Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism. At the age of 33 Wonhyo tried two times to travel to China. First he crossed the
Amnokgang River, but had to return unsuccessfully. The second time Wonhyo left for Dangjugye, in order to reach
China by sea. On his way, one night Wonhyo had to stay in a pitch dark cave. Thirsty as he was he found what
seemed to be a water containing bowl and drank it out thankfully. Next morning, however, he realized that the water
he drank was nothing but rotten rainwater gathered in a skull. So Wonhyo understood that nothing is clean or dirty
itself and that all things are created by mind. He exclaimed: The three worlds are only mind, and all phenomena arise
from mind. If truth is present in the mind, how could it ever be outside of the mind! I won't go to China. And once
again he returned to Silla.
Later, Wonhyo got into a relationship with the widowed Princess Yoseok, who received a son (Seol Chong) from him.
After this, Wonhyo gave up his life as a monk and called himself Soseong Geosa (Small Layman). He started to
behave in an unconventional, but enlightened way; a conduct, that often seemed strange to his contemporaries or
eccentric or difficult to understand. Most other monks, for instance, were highly respected by the royal family. In their
temples they used to live in a way similar to that of noble men; Wonhyo, on the other hand, lived as a wanderer,
travelling from here to there. But, spending his time like this, Wonhyo was teaching the people about Buddha. In
summary Wonhyo had a great influence on whole nation's believe, integrating within one person the role as an adviser
to the king and an inspiring teacher of the common people as well. Moreover, Wonhyo's poems, especially his "Treatise
on the Awakening of Faith in the Mahayana" are till today an important part in Korean monks' education.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wonhyo
http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/W%C5%8Fnhyo

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The Collected Works of Korean Buddhism


PDF: VOLUME 1: WONHYO: SELECTED WORKS
Table of Contents
I. INTRODUCTION
II. PREFACES
1. Preface to the Commentary on the Jin Translation of the Flower Ornament Stra (Hwaeomgyeong so
seo)
2. Preface to the Commentary on the Stra of the Primary Activities of Bodhisattvas (Bon-eop gyeong so
seo)
3. Preface to the Commentary on the Sadhinirmocana-stra (Hae simmil gyeong so seo)
4. Preface to the Exposition of the Stra on the Adamantine Absorption (Geumgang sammae gyeong non)

5. Preface to the Doctrinal Essentials of the Nirva Stra (Yeolban jong-yo seo)
III. DOCTRINAL ESSENTIALS
1. Doctrinal Essentials of the Lotus Stra (Beophwa jong-yo)
2. Doctrinal Essentials of the Stra of Immeasurable Life (Muryangsugyeong jong-yo)
IV. PROLEGOMENA
1. Prolegomenon to the Commentary on the Amitbha Stra Spoken by the Buddha (Bulseol Amitagyeong
so)
2. Prolegomenon to the Doctrinal Essentials of the Stra on Maitreyas Ascension (Mireuk sangsaeng
gyeong jong-yo)
V. OTHER SHORTER WORKS
1. Essentials of Observing and Transgressing the Code of Bodhisattva Precepts (Bosal gyebon jibeom yogi)

2. Awaken Your Mind and Practice (Balsim suhaeng jang)


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3. The Great Vehicle Repentance for Indulgence in the Six Faculties (Daeseung yukjeong chamhoe)

VI. THE BIOGRAPHIES OF THE MONK WONHYO


1. Wonhyo the Unbridled
2. Biography of Wonhyo, of the Hwangnyong Monastery in the Country of Silla, [vassal to] Tang [including]
Daean
3. Biography of Uisang from the country of Silla, [vassal to] Tang
4. Biography of State Preceptor Wonhyo

PDF: Master Wonhyo: an overview of his life and teachings


by Byeong-Jo Jeong
Korean spirit and culture series, vol. 6, Seoul : Diamond Sutra Recitation Group, 2010

PDF: Wonhyo: Coming to the West Yet No One Recognizes Him


by Sung-bae Park
International Journal of Buddhist Thought & Culture 10, 718. 2008

Wonhyo and the Foundation of Korean Buddhism


by Ko Ik-Chin
Korea Journal, Vol. 21. No. 8, Aug., 1981 pp. 4~13.
https://www.ekoreajournal.net/issue/view_pop.htm?Idx=1919

Wonhyo on the Lotus Sutra


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by A. Charles Muller

http://repository.dl.itc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2261/25308/1/ib016002.pdf

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, 2013. C. 139148.

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