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# Set No.

## III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2008

LINEAR AND DISCRETE SYSTEMS ANALYSIS
(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Obtain the state variable model for a system described by the following differential equation.
2
3
+ 3y = 20 dx
+ 10x
10 ddt3y + 5 ddt2y + 2 dy
dt
dt
(b) Determine
the state transition
matrix for the state matrix.

1 1
0
A = 0 1 1
0
0 2

[8+8]

2. The input to the circuit of figure 2(a) is a rectified sine wave as shown in figure
2(b).
Determine the current following through 1 ohm resistor. = 1 rad/sec. Draw the
magnitude spectrum and find out the nth harmonic of i().
[8+4+4]

## (a) & (b)

Figure 2

3. (a) Show that a periodic signal can be expressed as continuous sum of everlasting
exponentials.
(b) Find the F.T. of
i. (t t0 )
 
ii. rect t/ .

[8+8]

4. (a) Explain the graphical interpretation of convolution with the following functions. As shown in figure 4a.
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Set No. 1

Figure 4a
t

## (b) A voltage e u(t) is applied to a series RC network as shown in figure 4b.

Figure 4b
Find the voltage V0 (t) using frequency domain analysis.
5. (a) State and explain the properties of positive real function.
(b) Check whether given polynomial H(s) = 2s4 + 5s3 + 6s2 + 2s + 1 is Hurwitz
or not.
[8+8]
6. Find the networks for the following functions in one Foster and one Cauer form
(a) Y (s) =

(s+1)(s+3)
(s+4)(s+2)

(b) Z(s) =

2(s+0.5)(s+4)
.
s(s+2)

[2 8]

7. (a) The signals m1 (t) = 10cos100t and m2 (t) = 10cos50t are both sampled
with fs = 75 Hz. Show that the two sequences of samples so obtained are
identical.
(b) The signal g(t) = cos10 t + 0.5cos 20 t is sampled with the interval between
samples is Ts . Find the maximum allowable time for Ts .
(c) Determine the sampling rate for the band pass signal whose centre frequency
fc is 5 fm with a signal band width of 2fm .
[5+5+6]
8. How many different sequences have a Z-transform given by
1 +3z 2
H(z) = (1 1 z12z
1 + 1 z 2 )(1+ 1 z 1 ) .
8

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[16]

Set No. 2

## III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2008

LINEAR AND DISCRETE SYSTEMS ANALYSIS
(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Develop the state variable model equation for the circuit as shown in figure
1a.

Figure 1a
(b) A system
isgiven by
 1 matrix
5
/2
/2
A=
1/
7/
2
5
obtain the state transition matrix.

[8+8]

## 2. A rectangular waveform of magnitude 10V,duty ratio 75% and frequency 50Hz

is applied across a resistance of 1ohm in series with an inductance of 100mH.
Determine the steady state current in the circuit. Also find the power and P.F of
[8+4+4]
3. (a) Use the duality property of F.T, find the transform of
A
g(t) = 1+(at)
2
(b) Using the superposition and time shifting properties, Find the F.T. of the
signals shown in figure 3b. Sketch the amplitude spectrum assuming << To .
[8+8]

Figure 3b
4. (a) Find the LT of the following functions.
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Set No. 2

## Code No: R05310205

i. f (t) = K t K is a real constant >1
ii. f (t) = t (t)

## (b) The impulse response of a certain linear system is given by

2t
h(t) = e u(t)
t0
=0
t<0
using the convolution integral, determining the response y(t) due to the ramp
input
x(t) = 0
t<0
=t
t 0.
[8+8]
5. (a) List the properties of positive real function.
3

+9s+3
.
(b) A function is given by N (s) = ss3 +5s
+4s2 +7s+9
Determine the positive realness of the function.

[8+8]

## 6. (a) Given the driving-point impedance function

2 +2)
Z(s) = (s2s(s
+1)(s2 +4)
Synthesize a ladder network of the first Cauer form for this impedance function.
(b) A network is made up of a series connection of an RL network and RC network.
Assuming that neither of the networks is a short circuit find the location of
poles and also the location of zeros. What is the behavior at the origin and
at infinity?
[8+8]
7. Find the mean square value of the output voltage vo (t) of an RC network shown
in figure 7 if the input voltage has a power density spectrum Si () given by
(a) Si ()= k
(b) Si ()= G2 () [gate function with cutoff at =1]
(c) Si ()= [( + 1)+( 1)]
In each case, also calculate the power of the input signal.

Figure 7
8. For a causal discrete-time LTI system, if the input x(n) is
 n
 n1
u(n 1)
x(n) = 1/2 u(n) 1/4 1/2
 n
Then the output is y(n) = 1/3 u(n)
(a) Determine the impulse response h(n) and the system function H(z)
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Set No. 2

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[2 8]

Set No. 3

## III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2008

LINEAR AND DISCRETE SYSTEMS ANALYSIS
(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Show that the inductor current iL (t) in the circuit as shown in figure 1a is
given by

20t/
3
iL (t) = 3 1 20t/3 e u(t).

Figure 1a
(b) A
... dynamical system is described by the differential equation
y + 4
y + 5y + 2y = u
show that the state variable formulation is

x 1
0
x1
0
1
0
x 3 = 0
0
1 x2 + 0 u
1
x 2
x3
2 5 4

[8+8]

2. (a) Derive an expression for the effective value of non-sinusoidal periodic waveform.
(b) A periodic current source given by i(t) = 5+3 cos (100t + 45 )+2 cos (200t 10 )
is applied to a parallel RL circuit as shown in figure 2b. Calculate the response
V(t) and average power.
[8+8]

Figure 2b
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Set No. 3

## Code No: R05310205

3. (a) Determine the F.T. of a trapzoidal function and triangular RF pulse f(t) shown
in figure 3(a)i and figure 3(a)ii. Draw its spectrum.
i. Figure 3(a)i

Figure 3(a)i
ii. figure 3(a)ii

Figure 3(a)ii
(b) Show that a normalized Gaussian pulse is its own fourier transform.

[8+8]

## 4. (a) Find the convolution for the signals.


1 0<t<T
i. x(t) =
0 otherwise

t 0 < t < 2T
ii. h(t) =
0 otherwise
(b) Given LT, how do you obtain its F.T.
5. Given z(s) =

[8+8]

(s2 +Xs)
s2 +5s+4

(a) What are the conditions on X for Z(s) to be a positive real function?
(b) Find X for Re (Z (j)) to have a second order zero at = 0.
6. (a) Given the driving point admittance function Y (s) =
ladder network of the first Cauer form.

.
s(s2 +2)

## (b) State and explain Fosters reactance theorem for LC networks.

[8+8]
Synthesize
[8+8]

7. (a) How does flat top sampling differ from impulse sampling? Discuss the merits
and drawbacks of both types of sampling.
(b) Show that the continuous time signal xa (t) = A cos ( o t+) can be uniquely
recovered from its sampled version x[n]=xa (nT) if the sampling frequency is
s = 2 /T > 2wo .
[8+8]
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Set No. 3

## Code No: R05310205

8. The output y(n) of a discrete-time LTI system is found to be 2(1/3)n u(n) when the
input x(n) is u(n)
(a) Find the impulse response h(n) of the system.
(b) Find the output y(n) when the input x(n) is

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
1 n
2

u(n).

[8+8]

Set No. 4

## III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2008

LINEAR AND DISCRETE SYSTEMS ANALYSIS
(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Write the state equation for the circuit as shown in figure 1a.

Figure 1a
(b) Find
 the
  of the
 state
 response
 system
  shown in figure 1b.
x 1
x1
0 1
0
=
+
x 2
1 0
x2
1
[8+8]


x1 (0)
x2 (0)

0
0

Figure 1b
2. Find the trigonometric form of the following voltage waveform shown figure 2 and
hence compute average power and power factor of the load if voltage is applied to
series RL circuit with R = 1, L = 1H.
[8+4+4]

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Set No. 4

## Code No: R05310205

Figure 2
3. (a) State and prove the time scaling property of F.T.
(b) Find the fourier transform of the pulse functions shown in figure 3b.

Figure 3b
4. (a) Evaluate the following convolution integrals.
t

i. u(t) e u(t)
ii. u(t) tu(t)
(b) Find the Inverse LT of the following function
F (s) = 2S 2S+4
.
+5S+3

[8+8]

## 5. (a) Explain Sturms theorem.

(b) Test whether the following function is a positive real function and the polynomials are Hurwitz or not using Sturms test.
F (s) =

## 2s4 +7s3 +11s2 +12s+4

.
s4 +5s3 +9s2 +11s+6

[8+8]

6. Indicate which of the following functions are either RC, RL, or LC impedance
functions. Give reasons.
(a) Z(s) =
(b) Z(s) =

(s+1) (s+3)
s(s+4)
(s+3) (s+7)
(s+2) (s+5)

(c) Z(s) =

s2 +4s+3
s2 +6s+8

(d) Z(s) =

s2 +5s+6
.
s2 +s

[4 4]

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Set No. 4

## Code No: R05310205

7. For a low pass signal with a bandwidth of 6000Hz, what is the minimum sampling
frequency for perfect reconstruction of the signal? What is the minimum required
sampling frequency if a guard band of 200Hz is required? What is the minimum
required sampling frequency and the value of K for perfect reconstruction if the
reconstruction
filter has the following frequency response

K, |f | < 7000

H(f ) =
[16]

0, otherwise

z
, |z|
za

## (a) x1 (n) = nan1 u[n]

(b) x2 (n) = n(n 1)an2 u[n]
(c) x3 (n) = n(n 1)......(n k + 1)ank u[n].

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