Anda di halaman 1dari 14

# MODULE 1

## FORCE AND MOTION

1.

The diagram shows an aeroplane flying at a constant velocity. Which relationship between
the forces is true?

A
B
C
D
2.

U<W
F>G
U>W
F=G

A

3.

## Which physical quantity of the book increases while it is falling?

A
B
C
D
E
4.

potential energy
chemical energy
mass
acceleration
kinetic energy

The diagram shows a coconut falls from a coconut tree. The coconut has the least change in
kinetic energy between the positions

A
B
C
D

A and B
A and D
A and C
A and E

5.

## The diagram shows a man climbing up a coconut tree at a constant speed.

Which physical quantity increases while the man is climbing up the staircase?
A
B
C
D

## potential energy of the man

momentum of the man
weight of the man
kinetic energy of the man

6.

A student carried out an experiment using a ticker timer and a trolley. She obtained a chart
from the ticker tape by cutting it into five dot lenghts as shown in the figure.

A
B
C

7.

## the trolley is coming to a stop with constant deceleration

the trolley moves from rest with uniform acceleration
the trolley moves from rest with increasing velocity

The figure shows a squid moving forward by discharging a jet of water from its body.

## The forward movement of the squid can be explained by

A
B
C
8.

conservation of energy
newton's first law of motion
conservation of momentum

A
B
C

## both mass and weight are vector quantities

both mass and weight are derived quantites
unit for mass is kilogram and unit for weight is Newton

9.

## Which of the following displacement-time graphs shows an object is at rest?

A

10. Which of the following statement is true about acceleration due to gravity?
A
B
C

## Increases with increasing height

The standard value of the acceleration due to gravity is 10ms 2
Objects dropped under the influence of the pull of gravity accelerate at a constant rate

11.

A stone is dropped from a height in vacuum. Which of he following quantities does not
change?
A
B
C

mass
momentum
velocity

A
B
C
D
13.

kgms-2
kgm
kgm3
kgms-1

A
B
C

14.

Ns
Ns-1
Ns-1
Ns

## Streamlines the body of the car to reduce air resistance

Deflate the tyres to the correct pressure to increase friction with the road surface
Align the wheels of the car to increase resistance to the motion of the car

A
B
C

## soft materials in dashboard to reduce injury

strong reinforced steel in passenger safety cell
colour of the car

A
B
C

## an object with a lesser mass has a lesser inertia

inertia is the property of matter that causes it to resist any change in its motion or state
of rest
the SI unit of inertia is kilogram

A
B
C

mass
weight
shape

A

A
B
C
D

coal
petroleum
natural gas
oxygen

## 19. Which of the following is the easiest to stop?

A
B
C
D

pencil
sponge
iron rod
car

20. The figure shows John and Subra pulling a rope in the opposite direction with force of
magnitude 50 N and 25 N respectively.

## Calculate the magnitude of the resultant force acting on the string.

A
B
C
D
E

5N
10 N
25 N
50 N
100 N

21. The diagram shows a displacement-time graph for the motion of an object.

## The momentum of the object is zero from

A
B
C
D
E

0 s to 2 s
2 s to 4 s
2 s to 6 s
6 s to 8 s
0 s to 8 s

22. The diagram shows a dried leaf and a stone being released at the same time in a cylinder.
Why is the stone reaches the base faster?

A
B
C
D

The force of gravity acted on the stone is better to overcome the air resistance
compared to the force of gravity acted on the dried leaf.
The force of gravity acted on the dried leaf is better to overcome the air resistance
compared to the force of gravity acted on the stone.
The force of gravity acted on the stone is greater than the force of gravity acted on the
dried leaf.
The force of gravity acted on the dried leaf is greater than the force of gravity acted on
the stone.

23. Choose the diagram which shows no work being done by the boy.
A

24. In a high jump event, thick mattresses with a soft surface are used to

A
B
C

## increase the stopping time of the body

increase the impulsive force
increase the momentum

25. Which car has the greatest momentum when each of its velocity is 20ms 1 ?
A

## SECTION A Structured Items

Instruction: Answer all questions in this section.

1.

## The figure below shows a car traveling on a horizontal road.

The car has a mass of 1000 kg. At a certain moment in its motion, the frictional force between
the car and the road is 500N and its acceleration then is 1.2 ms-2.
(a) What is the difference between scalar quantities and vector quantities?
(b) Classify the physical quantities mention above into scalar quantities and vector
quantities.
(c) Calculate the forward driving force that is acting on the car as shown in the figure
above?
(d) Other than frictional force, what other force do you think acts on the car as it is moving?
2.

The figure below shows a ticker tape chart obtained from the motion of a trolley down an
inclined plane. Each strip of ticker tape contains 10 ticks. The ticker timer makes 50 ticks per
second.

(a) What type of power supply is used to run the ticker timer?
(b) What is the time interval for 1 tick on the ticker tape?
(c) What is the type of motion shown by the trolley?
(d) What is the average velocity shown by the first strip of ticker tape?
(e) Calculate the acceleration of the trolley.

3.

Ahmad cycles to school everyday. The graph below shows a typical velocity-time graph of

(i)
(ii)

Accelerating :.
Decelerating :

## (b) For how long is Ahmad cycling with constant velocity?

(c) How far is Ahmad's school form his house?
(d) What is Ahmad's average velocity for the whole journey?
4.

The diagram shows a boy of mass 45 kg running with a velocity of 2.0 ms -1 towards a
stationary trolley of mass 15 kg. He then jumps onto the stationary trolley.

(a) Name the physics principle involved when the boy jumps onto the trolley.
(b) In what direction will the trolley moves after the boy jumped onto it?
(c) Calculate the velocity of the boy and the trolley after the boy lands on the trolley.
(d) Name one application of the physics principle named in part (a) in the field of sports.

5.

The figure below shows the arrangement of the apparatus to study the effect of the extension
of a spring produced by a load hung at the end of the spring.

## (a) Name the law involved in the relation above.

(b) Mark 'X' on the graph above to show the upper limit to which the law mentioned in (a) is
valid.
(c) What physical quantity is represented by the gradient of the graph?
(d) If the elastic potential energy stored in the spring is represented by the area under the
graph, how much energy is stored when the spring is acted upon by a load of weight
0.5 N?