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ABSTRACT

Sibarani, Erny Dewanty. 2014. Improving Students Achievement in Writing Spoof


Text by Using Short Film. Thesis.
This study attempts to improve students achievement in writing spoof text by
using short film. The objective of study is to find out whether short film can improve
students achievement in writing Spoof Text. This study was conducted by applying
classroom action research which was done in 6 meetings. The subject of this study was
the first year students (X-Pis-4) of SMA Negeri 2 Binjai. One class was taken as the
subject of the study. The number of the students was 30 students. The data of this
research were obtained in two cycles, namely cycle 1 and cycle 2. Each cycle consisted
of the four steps of an Action Research: planning, action, observation and reflection.
The instrument for collecting data used writing test from students paper writing to write
the film talk about as writing tests for the quantitative data and used diary notes,
questionnaire sheet, observation sheet and interview for the qualitative data. Based on
the writing test result, the students score kept improving in every test. The findings
indicate that the using of short film as a media of learning improved students writing
achievement. The students score significantly improved, the mean of 2nd cycle i.e. 84.3
is higher than the mean of the 1 st cycle i.e. 76.1. Based on the diary notes, questionnaire
sheet, observation sheet and interview, it was found that the teaching and learning
process, observation sheet and interview, it was found that the teaching and learning
process ran well. The conclusion is that the using of short film as a media of learning
improves students writing achievement.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
The greatest thanks to Jesus Christ, who has given the great-spirit, health, and
who has blessed and given the ability to the writer to complete this thesis entitles
Improving Students Achievement in Writing Spoof Text by Using Short Film, as a
partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Sarjana Pendidikan (S.Pd) at
English Department, Faculty of English Language, the University of HKBP
Nommensen.
During the process of writing, the writer realizes that she cannot accomplish this
thesis without Gods blessing and supporting from many people. The writer would like
to express her sincere gratitude to:
1. Dr. Binur Panjaitan, M.Pd, the Dean of Faculty of Teaching and Education in
HKBP Nommensen University Medan for her advice, support, and motivation.
2. Drs. Sahlan Tampubolon, M.Hum, the Vice Chairperson of English
Department Faculty of Teaching and Education for his support and motivation.
3. Drs. Reinjaya Sitohang, M.Hum and Dra. Rita Clara Simatupang, M.Ed,
her 1st & 2nd consultants for their advice, comments, and careful reading and
correction to completing this thesis.
4. Lecturers & Administration Staff of English Department Faculty of Teaching
and Education for their support and motivation.
5. Dra. Chadijah Harahap, MM the Headmaster of SMA Negeri 2 Binjai for her
support and careful to completing this thesis.
6. S. N. Sibarani & R. br Hasibuan her beloved parents and S. Sibarani her
beloved grandfather & R. br Pangaribuan her beloved grandmother, for their
endless love, prayer, advice, great-spirit, and financial support.
7. Ramona Sari Sibarani, Swardi Leonardo Sibarani, Sofian Sudianto
Sibarani & Viviana Wildayati Sibarani, her beloved brothers and sisters for
their endless love, prayer, advice, great-spirit and financial support.
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8. Pandapotan Manalu, S.E, her beloved boyfriend for his support, advice,
prayer, great-spirit and motivation in completing this thesis.
9. Gloria Siringo-ringo, Roy Tampubolon, S.Pd, Ebenezer, S.Kom, Solo, Inda
Ginting, Sulastri Sitio, Yenri Manik, Desi Adelina, Jenni Simanullang,
Anika Meliala, Zulfandy Purba, Emi Gulo, Lorifa, Robin, Dahlia, her
beloved best friends and her classmates Group10 C & all her friends in LG.9
for their support, motivation, love and pray in completing this thesis.
Finally, the writer realizes that her thesis is still far from being perfect therefore:
criticism, comments and suggestions are needed for the further improvement of this
thesis.
Medan,
The Writer

2014

Erny Dewanty Sibarani


NPM: 10120406

TABLE OF CONTENTS
ABSTRACT ............. i
ACKNOWLEDGMENT .... ii
TABLE OF CONTENT . iv
iii

CHAPTER I : INTRODUCTION ..... 1


1.1 The Background of the Study ..... 1
1.2 The Problem of the Study ... 3
1.3 The Scope of the Study ... 4
1.4 The Objective of the Study ..... 4
1.5 The Significances of the Study ..........

CHAPTER II : REVIEW OF LITERATURE ..... 5


2.1 Theoretical Framework ....... 5
2.2 Students Achievement ... 5
2.3 The Nature of Writing ..... 6
2.3.1 The Purpose of Writing ........ 8
2.3.2 Writing Difficulties ...... 9
2.3.3 Genre of Writing .... 10
2.4 Spoof Text ..... 13
2.5 Teaching Writing ...... 15
2.6 Assessment of Writing Spoof .... 16
2.7 Media . 19
2.7.1 The Kinds of Media ....... 20
2.7.2 Audio-visual Media .... 22
2.8 Short Film ..
22
2.8.1 Elements of Short Film ...... 24
2.8.2 The Kinds of Film ...... 26
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2.8.3 Film as a Media Technique .... 27


2.9 Conceptual Framework ..... 28
CHAPTER III : THE RESEARCH METHODOLOGY ...... 30
3.1 The Research Design . 30
3.2 The Subject of Research .... 30
3.3 The Instrument for Collecting Data ...... 31
3.4 The Procedure of the Research . 31
3.4.1 Cycle 1 ... 32
3.4.2 Cycle 2 ....... 33
3.5 The Scoring System .......... 35
3.6 Technique of Analyzing Data ....... 37
3.7 Procedures of Analyzing the Data . 37
CHAPTER IV: THE DATA AND DATA ANALYSIS . 39
4.1 The Data 39
4.1.1 The Quantitative Data 39
4.1.2 The Qualitative Data .. 45
4.1.2.1 Diary Notes . 45
4.1.2.2 Observation . 45
4.1.2.3 Interview . 46
4.1.2.4 The Analysis of Questionnaire Sheets .... 52
4.2 The Data Analysis ..... 53
4.3 The Research Account .. 57
4.3.1 First Cycle .. 57
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4.3.2 Second Cycle .. 59


4.4 The Research Finding ... 60
4.5 Discussion . 61
CHAPTER V: CONCLUSIONS AND SUGGESTIONS ...... 63
5.1 Conclusions ....... 63
5.2 Suggestions ....... 65
REFERENCES .......... 66
THE LIST OF FIGURE ... 35

THE LIST OF TABLES


Table 1 . 41
Table 2 . 42
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Table 3 . 43
Table 4 . 44
Table 5 . 46
Table 6 ......... 52
Table 7 ..... 53

THE LIST OF APPENDIXES


Appendix A . 68
Appendix B ..... 76
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Appendix C . 77
Appendix D . 78
Appendix E .. 79
Appendix F .. 80
Appendix G . 82
Appendix H . 83
Appendix I ... 84

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