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2003 2009 Patrick Hassel Zein
This page was last updated 12.05.2009

The most common Chinese characters in order of


frequency
If you wonder why there are less than 3000 characters in the list, or have other
questions, please read the introduction!
All characters are presented in falling statistical order with the most commonly
used characters first.
Alternative forms of the characters are specified within parentheses
in which case "F" marks full (or traditional) forms, "S" marks simplified (or modern)
forms and "A" marks alternative forms (mostly special numerals).
Pronunciations are specified according to Pinyin and written within brackets "
[...]". After each given pronunciation, a number of possible translations are
listed. If a character corresponds closely to a somewhat longer word (usually a
word that contains the character in question), the longer word is given in the list
of translations marked with parentheses and a "=".
After the translation of each character, example words containing the character
are often listed these words are separated by semi commas. No guarantee is
given that all the most common words are listed or that the given examples are
very common.
Some of the listed pronunciations are less used than others, and in those
cases translations and examples may lack.
Grammatical particles, classifiers and other special translations are marked
with hooks "<...>".
Curly brackets "{...}" are mostly used when giving references to characters that
are similar to the listed ones either in shape. This is to help you avoid
miswriting/misreading. The same marking is also used for references to
characters with similar meaning but different pronunciation.
Additional information of other sorts is sometimes given.
If the characters are not displayed correctly, verify that the encoding is set to
GB2312.
Seq.num. Character

Pronunciations and explanations


[de] <grammatical particle marking genitive as well as simple
and composed adjectives>; wde my; gode high,
tall; shde that's it, that's right; ... sh...de one who...;
. T sh shu Hnyde. He is one who speaks
Chinese.
[d] md goal
[d] true, real; dqu certainly
[y] one, a little; d-y first, primary; knykn have
a (quick) look at

(A)

[y] (used before tone #4); y g rn one person;


ydng certain; yyng same; yyu January
[y] (used before tones #2 and #3); ydinr a little;
yxi some
{Compare with (F) yo, which also means "one"}
[sh] to be, ? shbush? is (it) or is (it) not?; shfu
whether or not, is (it) or is (it) not?
[b] not
[b] (used before tone #4); b sh isn't

[le] <verb particle marking a new situation or a completed


action>; ! N lile! You have come! ! W lile! I've
gotten tired! ! N hole! That's OK (now)!
. W zh qngle y wi kren. I invited only one guest.
[lio] end, finish, settle, dispose of, know clearly, to be able,
(= lioji) understand, comprehend; liolia clearly
understand, settle (a debt/etc.), to be intelligent; liole to
be over/ended/finnish/settled; ! N mi blio! You
will not be able to sell (it)!
[lio] (= lia) to survey/watch
{Compare with z child}

[rn] person; rnli humankind; ? yu rn ma? Is


there anybody here?
{Compare with r enter}

[w] I, me, my; wmen we, us


{Compare with zho seek}

[zi] at; xinzi now; cnzi exist

[yu] have, there is; miyu haven't, there isn't; ?


Yumiyu? Is there or isn't there? Have (you) or haven't
(you)?; yude some
[yu] (= yu) again, both... and...

10

[t] he, him, his, (she, her, it, its), (= qt) other
[tu] (in classical texts) someone else, something else

11

(F)

12

13

14

15

[zh] this; zhr here


[zhi] this (before classifier)
[zhng] middle, in; Zhnggu China
[zhng] hit (a target)
[d] big; ? dud? how large?; dxio size;
dji everybody
[di] difu doctor
{Compare with ti very and m tree}

[li] come; yunli originally, as a matter of fact;


(F) linin coming/next year(s)
[lai] (when used as a verb complement); qlai get up

[shng] above, on, over, top, (go) up, last, previous


[shng] shngshng 3rd tone in Mandarin
[shang] (when used as a verb complement)
{Compare with xi under}

16
17
18

(F)

[gu] (= guji) country, state, nation, <family name>;


Zhnggu China; Migu USA

(F,
)

[g] <general and non-specific classifier>; grn


personal; grnzhy personal homepage
[g] zg oneself
[do] to, towards, until, arrive, reach

19

[shu] explain, scold, refer to, (= shuhu) speak, say;


(F) yushu persuade
[shu] try to persuade; yushu lobbying

20

(F)

21

22

[men] <pluralizing suffix for pronouns and nouns referring to


persons>; wmen we; rnmen people, persons

[wi] for, for the sake of, in order to, in this connection
do, act, act as, be, become; rnwi think or
(F) [wi]
believe that...; ywi think or believe erroneously that...
{Compare with bn do}
[z] child, son; zn sons and daughters; rzi son
[zi] (noun suffix); zhuzi table
{Compare with le <particle>}

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

(F)

30

[h] together, with, (F) harmony, gentle, mild, kind, <family


name>; hpng peace
[H] Japan
[huo] nunhuo nice and warm
[h] join in singing, compose a poem in reply
[hu] mix with water
[hu] mix, blend
[h] complete a set in Mahjong
[n] (Alternative feminine form: n) you, your; nmen
you (plural)
[d] earth, ground, soil, place, position, distance; dzh
the Twelve Terrestrial Branches
[de] <adverbial particle: descripion + + verb>, ~ly;
kuide zu walk quickly
[ch] go out, come out, in direction out from something, emit,
issue, prouce; chxin appear, emerge, (F) <classifier
for operas and plays>
[do] way, path, channel, way, say, a streak (of light),
doctrine, <classifier for rivers, topics, etc.>, (= Dojio)
Taoism; zhdao know
[do] (= do) lead; = lngdo leader
[y] also, as well; yx perhaps
[sh] period, season, (= shjin, = shhou) time, (=
xiosh) hour
[nin] year, <family name>; jnnin this year;
mngnin next year; qnin last year; zhngnin
middle age
[de] <adverbial particle: verb + + descripion>;

31

32

33

34

zude kui walk quickly


[d] get, reach, achieve
[di] should
[ji] just, simply, right away; jiyo about to (do
something); ! Zh jish w! This is simply me!;
. T jiyo q. He is about to leave.
[n] that
[ni] that (before classifier)
[nu] chnnu deep meditation
[nu] wnu helpless, unfortunately
[n] (= n) what?
[ni] (= ni before classifier) which?
[yo] want, will, shall, need, important, essential; zhyo
main, fundamental
[yo] yoqi demand

[xi] below, under, (go) down, next (as opposed to


previous/last)
{Compare with shng above}

36

[y] use, take, according to, because of, in order to; ky


OK, may; suy so, therefore, as a result; ywi
beyond, except

37

[shng] give birth, life; xinsheng mister, gentleman, Sir

35

38
39

40
41
42

43

44

45

[hu] can, able, meet, meeting, society, union, party


(F) [kui] kuij accounting
[hu] hur moment
from, since, (= zj) self; zrn nature
[z]
{Compare with m eye and bi white}
[zhe] <verb particle marking a continuing progress/state>
touch
(F) [zho]
[zhu] wear clothes, dress, touch
[zho] put in, add, (F) make move in chess, trick, decieve

[q] go, leave, depart (opposite of li)


[zh] <subordinator similar to de>, it (in classical texts)

[gu] pass, cross, go by, exceed, <verb particle marking that


someone has had the experience of doing something, that it
(F) has happened at least once>; gu ml cross the
street; . w qguo Zhnggu ling c. I have
gone to China twice.
[ji] home, house, family; guji nation; dji
everybody
[jie] zhngtinjie all day long; jil (at) home, (in
the) family
[xu] study, learn; xuxio school; xusheng
(F) student
{Compare with z written character}
[du] correct, answer, treat, agree, mutual, pair;

46

(F)

dubuq excuse me

47

[k] ~able, (= ky) may, can, (= ksh) but, however;


k'i loveable, cute; k'nng possible, probable,
maybe; kkukl Coca Cola
[k] khn khan

48

[t] she, her

49

50

[l] neighbourhood, half kilometer, <family name>, (F,) in,


inside, lining; ? nli? where?; nli there; zhli
here
[hu] queen, (F) after, behind, <family name>; hutin
the day after tomorrow

51

[xio] small; dxio size


[me/mo] (F,) (interrogative suffix) ? shnme? what?;
? wishnme? why? ! mi shnme! It doesn't
matter!, Never mind!; ? znme? how?
[yo] (S) youngest, one (e.g. in bus/house/phone
numbers)
[xn] heart; xioxn be careful; xnl psychology,
mentality; zhngxn center

52

53

54

55

56

[r] (= rqi) and, furthermore, (= rn'r) yet, even so

57

58

[nng] can, be able; nnggu be capable of;


k'nng maybe
[ho] good, good to..., easy to...; ! Nho! Hello!
[ho] to like
[ho] hohor in perfectly good condition

59

[du] all
[d] (= shud) capital city

60

[rn] right, correct, so, like that; surn although;


hrn suddenly; dngrn of course; zrn nature

61

62
63

[du] many, much, more; dud how large?;


dusho how many/much?
[tin] sky, heaven, god, day, (= tinkng) sky; tinq
weather
{ tingn the Ten Heavenly Stems:
ji-y-bng-dng-w-j-gng-xn-rn-gu (these characters are
sometimes used as ordinal numbers}
{Compare with f man and w without}

[mi] (= miyu) haven't, there isn't; ?


Is there or isn't there? Have (you) or haven't
(F) Yumiyu?
(you)?
[m] sink, overflow, disappear, confiscate
sun, (= rzi) day; rj diary; rgung sunlight
[r]
{Compare with yu say, m eye and gn sweet}
[y] <family name>, (F) in, at, for, to, from, by, than


64
65
66

{Compare with qin thousand and gn stem}

[q] rise, start; qlai get up; dubuq excuse me


[qi] (when used as a verb complement)
still, yet
(F) [hi]
[hun] return, give back
[f] (F) deliver, utter, express, shoot, emit, develop, expand
[f] (F) hair
[fa] (F) tufa hair

67

[chng] (= chngwi, = binchng) become, <family


name>; chnggng succeed; wnchng
accomplish, complete, fulfill; chngy idiom

68

[sh] matter, affair, thing, event, accident, job, responsibility;


shqing situation

69

[zh] only, just, merely, <classifier implying "one of a pair",


animals, vessels, utensils, etc.>; y zh mo a cat
(F) [zh] (F) single, one, only
{Compare with xing brother}
[zu] do, make; gngzu work; zuy homework
[zu] zujian spoil, waste, humiliate, insult
[zu] do
[dng] (F) serve as, (F) ding-dong
[dng] (F) proper, right, equal, (= dngzu) treat as,
regard as

70

71

72

[xing] think, feel, consider, want, remember

73

[kn] see, look at, read, think, consider


[kn] look after, tend; knshu guard

74

[wn] language, literature, <family name>; wnhu


culture; Zhngwn Chinese (written) language

75

76

77

[w] without, nothingness, have not


(F) [m] nnm <Sanskrit> to give oneself totally to
{Compare with tin heaven}
[ki] open; kish begin dki open, unfold
(F) [kai] (when used as a verb complement)
{Compare with bng combine}
[shu] hand, a person skilled in something; hushu
wave; pishu clap; wshu shake/clasp hands
{Compare with mo hair}

78

(A)

79

80

[sh] ten; shsn thirteen; wsh fifty; shyu


October
[yng] use; hoyng useful; byng there's no
need; shyng use, apply
{Compare with shui swing}
[zh] lord, master, host, god, (= zhyo) main, primary;
zhy doctrine, ~ism; zhy homepage
{Compare with wng king}

[xng] go, OK; xngdng action, operation, move, get


about, act
[hng] line; ynhng bank; hngy profession
[hng] shhngzi rows of trees
[hng] (phonetic radical)
[fng] side, square; dfang place; fngmin aspect
{Compare with wn ten thousand}

81

82

83

[yu] again, both... and...

84

85

86

87

[qin] in front, previous, ago, former, first; the day before


yesterday
[su] place; suy so, therefore; suyu all;
csu toilet
[bn] basis, origin, edition, <classifier for books, periodicals,
files, etc.>; bnrn I, me, myself; Rbn Japan
{Compare with m tree}

88

89

90

[r] like, as, as if, (= rgu) if; rc like this

[jin] appear to be, meet with, call on, (= knjian) see;


yjian idea, view, opinion; tngjin hear
(F)
[xin] show, appear, become visible
{Compare with bi shellfish}
[jng] longitude (both geographic and in Chinese medecin),
scripture, constant, regular, <family name>, deal with, (=
jngj) manage (a business); yjing already; jnggu
(F) pass, go through; jngyn experience; jngyu via,
by way of; jngchng frequent, daily; Yjng Book of
Changes;
[tu] head, top, first, <classifier for livestock, garlic, etc.>;
(F) tufa hair
[tou] shtou stone

[min] face, surface, <classifier for mirrors, flags, etc.>, (F)


wheat flour, (= mintio) noodle; minbo bread

92

[gng] public, official; gngl kilometer;


bngngsh office; gngs company; gnggng
public, communal, common; gnggngqch
(public) bus; Lgng (honorable and old) Mr Li

93

[tng] same, with; tngzh comrade


[tng] (F) htng lane

94

(A)

95

[sn] three; d-sn shji 3rd World; snyu


March
[y] stop, cease, end, (= yjng) already
{Compare with j self, which is "open" on the left side}

96

[lo] old, venerable, outdated; losh teacher; loh


tiger; lo Zhng old Zhang = dear (friend) Mr Zhang

97

(F)

91

[cng] from, through, join, follower, secondary


[cng] hicngcng murky

98

(F)

[dng] move, change, arouce; dngw animal;


hudng activity; yndng sports

99

(F)

[ling] two (before classifier), 50 grams

100

(F)

101

[chng] long, lasting, length


[zhng] grow up, chief, head, older, elder
[zh] realize, sense, inform, tell, (= zhdao) know;
zhshi knowledge
[zh] (= zh) wit, (= zhhu) wisdom, (= zhl) intellect

102
103
104
105

106

107

[mn] (= rnmn) people, <family name>; mnzh


democracy
appearance, shape, form, manner; zhyng like
(F) [yng]
this; znmeyng how? in what way?
show, appear, current; xinzi now; fxin
(F) [xin]
discover; xindi modern

[fn] divide, fraction, minute, cent; bifnzhw =


5/100 = 5%
[fn] limits of rights or duty
[jing] shall; jingli future
(F) [jing] general, a piece in Chinese chess mjing
mahjongg
[wi] outside, outer, other, foreign, beyond, relative on ones
side; wisn daugthers son;
mother's/sisters/wife's
wigurn foreigner; ywi unexpected
{Compare with ch place}

108

[dn] (= dnsh) but, still, nevertheless, however, yet

109

[shn] life, incarnation, <classifier for suits of clothing>, (=


shnt) body; qnshn in person, personally

110

[xi] some, <classifier for plural or indefinite/small amount>;


yxi a number of, some; zhxi rn these people

111

112

113
114
115

[y] give, offer, help, support, and


cny participate in
(F) [y]
[y] <interrogative/esclamative particle>
{Compare with xi write}
[go] high, tall, loud, <polite> your, <family name>; tgo
improve; goxng happy; gojin <polite> your
opinion/idea
[y] (= ysi, = yy) meaning, idea, (= yunyi)
wish, desire; yt intention; yjian opinion;
Ydl Italy
enter, go forward, recieve, drink, eat, submit; jnb
(F) [jn]
progress
[b] grasp, hold, handle, <classifier for things with handles,
handfuls, chairs, etc.>
[b] bzi, br handle
[f] (= fl) law, (= bnf) method; Fgu

116
117
118

[c] this; rc (= zhyng) like this; cd (=


zhl) here, at this place
solid, true, real; shsh fact; shjshang
(F) [sh]
actually; shzi really

119

120

(A)

121
122

123
124
125

126
127
128
129
130
131

132

133

France

[hu] circle, return, reply, turns, times, chapter, Muslim, Hui


(ethnic minority), <classifier for chapters, times, etc.>;
huli come back; huq go back; hud answer
[r] two; ryu February

[l] principle; lln theory; gunl manage; xnl


psychology, mentality

[mi] (= meil) beautiful, (= ho) good, (= mid)


virtue, <family name>; Migu USA; miyun US$
miji artist

[din] a drop (of liquid), dot, decimal point, a little, a bit,


time, select, choose, order food/drink, <classifier for
(F) appoint
small amounts>, (= dinhu) light a fire; ydinr a
little; dintu nod one's head

[yu] month, (= yuliang, = yuqi) moon

[mng] bright, clear, distinct, next (day or year), <family


name>; mngbai clear, understand; mngtin
tomorrow
[q] its, that, such, they, them; qt other; yuq
especially
[j] anniversary
kind, sort, breed, race
(F) [zhng]
[zhng] to plant, cultivate
[shng] voice, declaration, (= shngyn) sound,
(F) <classifier for sounds>; shngmng reputation, fame,
statement, declaration
whole, entire, total, complete, <family name>;
[qun]
wnqun completely; nqun safety

[gng] (= gngzu) work, job; gngrn worker

[j] (= zj) self


{Compare with y already, which is "closed" on the left
side}
[hu] speech, word, language, dialect, (= shuhu) talk,
(F) speak
[huo] bihuo = bihu vernacular, empty talk
[r] child; rzi son; n'r daughter
(noun suffix); zhr here; nr there
(F) [r]
[rn] (when referring to the radical)
{Compare with xing brother, j table, y moment}

[zh] one who...; zuzh author;


hpngzhyzh pacifist

135

[xing] take somebody's part, to, towards, all along, allways,


<family name>, (F) direction, towards, (F) formerly,
previously; xingzh formerly, once upon a time

136

137

134

[qng] sensibility, (= gnqng) feeling, emotion;


iqng love
[b] (= bfen) part, section, unit, <classifier for film, large
books, machines, etc.>, (= bdu) troops, army; xb
western part; qunb entire
[zhng] right, straight, upright, correct
[zhng] zhngyu, xnzhng the 1st month of lunar
year
[mng] (= mngzi) name, personal name, reputation,
famous, <classifier for persons with professional or
prominent social identities, e.g. students, doctors, soldiers,
workers>; zhmng famous; mngc noun

138

139

140

[dng] fix, settle, calm, stable, subscribe, (= judng)


decide; ydng definite

141

[n] female, (= nrn, = fn) woman

142

(F)

143
144
145
146
147

148

149
150

151

[wn] ask, examine; wnt question, problem;


fngwn visit
(= nngl) energy, vitality, <family name>, (=
[l]
lliang) strength, force
(= jqi) machine; shuynj radio; fij
(F) [j]
aircraft
[gi] give, give to, for, for the benefit of; snggi
(F) send/present to
[j] give, supply, provide, (= gngj) provide

[dng] equal, class, wait, and so on, etc.

[j] small table, (F) jh almost


[j] (F) how many?, a few, (used in numerals)
{Compare with r child}

[hn] very, quite; hnho very good; ! hn bcu!


not bad at all!

[y] line of business, trade, occupation, profession, course of


(F) study, engage in, <family name>; shngy commerce;
gngy industry; zuy homework

[zu] most, marking for superlative; zujn recently/soon;


zu xhuan favorite

[jin] room, between, locality, within given time or space,


<classifier for rooms>
(F) [jin] gap, interval
[gn] bn'gnbg neither this nor that, inexplicit,

equivocal, mediocre
152

153

(F)

154

155

156

157

[xn] new, renew; chngxn again; xnwn news


[shn] shnme what?
[sh] (= sh) ten
[d] strike, hit, get, play, (generalized verb with specific
meaning determined by its object); dsuan plan, intend;
dki open, unfold; dj strike, hitt, attack, assault
[d] dozen
[bin] (= fngbin) convenient
[pin] pinyi cheap
{Compare with sh send and gng more}
[wi] place, location, position, <polite classifier for people>
[yn] cause, (= ynwi) because, (= yunyn) reason
[zhng] weight, considerable in amount/value, (=
chnzhng) heavy, weighty, (= zhngyo) important
[chng] again
[bi] quilt, cover (with), by (indicates passive voice)
[p] pf = bif bedding and clothing, something one
hangs on to

158

159

160

161

(F)

[din] (= shndin) (flash of) lightning, (= dinq)


electricity; dinhu phone; dinno computer

162

(A)

[s] four; szhu all around; syu April

163

164

165
166
167
168
169
170

[zu] go, walk, leave

[d] indicating ordinal number, ~th; d-sn shji 3rd


World; d-y c 1st time

[mn] door, gate, family, house, valve, switch, <family


<classifier for courses, braches of science, etc.>;
(F) name>,
mnku doorway; bmn department; mnlng
doorbell
each other, mutual, mode, phase, <family name>
[xing]
[xing] look at, appearance, photo
occurence, time, second, inferior, number of times;
[c]
ling c twice
[dng] master, owner, <family name> (= dngfng) east;
(F) dngbi northeast; dngxi thing, creature
{Compare with ch vehicle}
(= zhngzh) politics, political affairs, (=
[zhng]
zhngf) government
sea, big lake, <family name>, (= hiyng, =
[hi]
dhi) sea, ocean
[ku] mouth, opening, entrance, hole, cut, <classifier for
mouthfuls, people, wells, etc.>; mnku doorway;
rnku population

171

172

173

174
175
176
177
178

[sh] make, cause to (do), send (as envoy), (= shyng)


use, apply
{Compare with l and bin official}
[jio] teach; . Wng losh jio shxu. Teacher
Wang teaches math.
[jio] cause, ask to, teach; jiosh teacher, instructor;
jioy education
[x] west, western; dngxi thing; xbi northwest
[zi] again, once more; zijin goodbye
[png] flat, level, even; shupng level; hpng
peace; pngchng ordinary, common, usually
{Compare with bn half}

[zhn] true, genuine, really


{There are two ways of writing this character!}
listen; tngjin hear; tngbudng don't
(F) [tng]
understand (by listening)
generation, <family name>, (= shji) world;
[sh]
shj century

179

(F)

180

[xn] letter, message, information, (= xingxn) belive in;


xnfng envelope

181

[bi] north; dngbi northeast; Bijng

182

[sho] few, little, less, lack


[sho] young; shonin juvenile

183

(F)

184
185

[gun] shut, close, turn off, close down, concern, key part;
gunxi connection; guny concerning

[bng] (F) combine, merge, (F) and, equally, truly


[bng] Bng Zhu (Taiyuan in Shanxi)
{Compare with ki open}
inside; nirng content
(F) [ni]
{Compare with ru meat and bng third}

186

187

188

189

(F)

190

[q] air, gas, vapor, spirit, vital energy; tinqi weather

[ji] add, plus, append, (= zngji) increase; cnji


join
[hu] convert, melt, dissolve, digest, incinerate, (=
binhu) change, transform
[hu] (= hu) spend
[yu] from, let, (= yuy) due to, (= lyu) cause,
reason; zyu freedom
{Compare with ji helmet and shn explain}
[qu] however, but, yet
[di] (= dibio) represent, (= shdi) generation,
period, epoch, <classifier for periods>; xindi modern
(times); shngdi previous generation

191

(F)

192

(F)

193

[jn] army, military, troops


[chn] give birth to, (= chnshng) produce, (=
chnpn) product
[r] (= jnr) enter, get into; shur income
{Compare with rn person}

194

[xin] first, before, earlier; xinsheng mister, gentleman,


Sir; zxin = xinbi ancestor
{Compare with sh lose}

195

[shn] hill, mountain, <family name>; hushn volcano;


shnmi mountain range

196

(A)

197

198

199

200
201

[w] five; wyu May

[ti] great, very, too; titai Madame; tiyng sun,


sunshine
{Compare with d big}

[shu] water, liquid, <family name>; shupng level;


shugu fruit; yoshu liquid medecine
{Compare with yng forever}

[wn] ten thousand, myriad, <family name>; wnsu


live
(F) long
[M] Mq <family name>
{Compare with fng square}

[sh] (= shchng) market, (= chngsh) city, town


[yn] (= ynjing) eye; ynjng glasses

202

[t] substance, (= shnt) body; jt concrete,


(F) specific; tz style of written Chinese, typface, font
[t] tji (or tj) intimate, confidential

203

(F,
)

204

[ch] place, part, point, department, office


(F) [ch] deal with, get along with somebody
{Compare with wi outside}

205

(F)

[zng] general, overall, always, (= zngsh) sum, total;


zngtng president (of a republic)

206

(F)

[ci] talent, only then; gngci just now

207

[chng] field, place where people gather, stage, level open


country fair, market, <classifier for games,
(F) ground,
performances etc.>
[chng] <classifier for happenings>

208

(F)

[sh] (= losh) teacher; shfu master

209

(F)

[sh] book, style of calligraphy; shji clerk;

[bi] separate, other, don't, leave, differentiate, <family


name>
[bi] biniu awkward

210

tshgun library
[b] compare, contrast; bjio relatively; br efor
example

211

[zh] live (in a place)

212

(F)

[yun] member. ~ist, ~er; wiyunhu committee;


rnyun personnel

213

[ji] nine; jiyu September

214

(A)

215

216

217

218

(F)

[hu] glory, splendor, magnificent, (= Zhnghu) China


[Hu] <family name>; Hu Shn (mountain in Shaanxi)

219

(F)

220

[bo] (= bogo) report, (= bozh) newspaper, (=


dinbo) telegram
[l] stand, erect, vertical; jinl establish; lk right
away; lfngt cube

221

223

(F)

224

225

(F)

227
228

[xng] sex, gender, nature, disposission, ~ness;


knngxng possibility
[tng] communicate, notify, connect, join, know very well,
authority, expert, (= tnggu) go through, <classifier for
telegrams>, <family name>; jiotng traffic;
Ptngh Common Speach = Mandarin
[tng] <classifier for actions>
[m] eye; mqin in front of ones eyes, at present;
md goal, purpose, aim; ml catalogue, list, list of
contents
{Compare with z self and r sun}

[m] horse; mshng right away mmahh


casual
(F) careless,
{Compare with w crow}

222

226

[xio] laugh

[mng] (= shngmng) life, fate, destiny; mnglng


command; gmng revolution
[zhng] spread, sheet of paper, <classifier for surfaces,
tables, postcards, etc.>; jnzhng tense, nervous
[hu] live, alive, living, vivid, save someone's life;
shnghu life; hudng activity

[nn] difficult
[nn] disaster
spirit, god; jngshn spirit, mind, consciousness,
[shn]
essence
[sh] number, number, figure, fate, plan; shxu math
(F) [sh] count, enumerate, list
[shu] frequently, repeatedly
item, correspondence, document, <classifier for articles
[jin]
and items>; tiojin term, condition
[n] still, quiet; nqun safe, secure; npi arrange,

229

plan, fix up

230

[bio] show, list, table, form, meter, (F) (wrist-)watch

231

232

233

234

[yun] originally, simple, <family name>; yunli


original, formerly, as a matter of fact; yunyn cause,
reason
[ch] car, vehicle with wheels, <family name>
(F) [j] (a piece in Chinese chess)
{Compare with dng east}
[bi] white; mngbai understand, realize, clear, obvious;
bitin daytime; bici cabbage

[b] L B = L Bi
{Compare with z self and bi hundred}
[yng] promise, answer, respond, <family name>, (=
(F) ynggi) should, ought to
[yng] yngyng apply

[l] path, way, journey, distance, means, sequence, logic,


sort, grade, class, <family name>, (= dol) road

236

[q] phase, stage, <classifier for issues of periodicals>, (=


shq) time period; bnq schedule, time table;
xngq week; chngq long term
[j] anniversary

237

[jio] cry out, call; jiozu be called, be known as

238

239

240

[chng] often, constant, ordinary, <family name>;


fichng extremely
[t] lift, raise, pick up, carry; tgo improve; tgng
provide
[d] dfang take precautions or be on guard against

241

[gn] (= gnju) feel, (= gnqng) emotion

242

243

[h] what?, where?, how?, <family name>; rnh any;


rh how?; jh geometry

[gng] more, still/even more, furthermore


[gng] replace, transform, night watch; (= gnggi)
change, alter
{Compare with l official and bin convenient}

[fn] turn over, return, revolt, (= fndu) oppose, combat;


fnyng reflect
[bn] bnbn proper, fitting
{Compare with yu friend}

235

244

245

246

[s] die, death

[jn] (= jnzi) gold, (= jnsh) metals in general

[h] close, shut, accord with, conform to, be equal to,


together, jointly, <classifier for rounds>, (= jih)
combine; hzu cooperate

247

248

[g] decilitre
[fng] put, release, set free, give out, expand, blossom,
bloom, lend (money) at interest; jifng liberate,
emancipate
[zu] do, act, make, produce, write, compose, <slang> to
have sex; jiozu be called, be known as; zuf
method, way of doing
{Sometimes replaceable with zu do}
[x] series, department, faculty, (= xtng) system, (F)
(= linx) integrate, relate to; gunxi concern, affect,
matter, (F) tie, fasten, feel anxious, be concerned
[j] (F) tie, bind

249

250

(F)

251

252

[s] gngs company, corporation; slng commander

253

[l] (= ly) interest, benefit, profit, <family name>;


lyng utilize; shngl triumph; Ydl Italy

254

255

256

[shu] receive, endure, (= jishu) accept; nnshu


unhappy
[gung] light, merely; ynggung sunlight;
gungrng glory
[wng] king; wnggu kingdom, realm, domain
[wng] (rare) rule
{Compare with zh lord and y jade}

257

258

[j] (= jsun) count, calculate, plot, plan, <family name>;


tngj statistics
[hu] (= huzh) or, (= hux) perhaps, mayby, (=
knng) probably
{Compare with = gu country}

[gu] fruit, surely, truly, as expected, (= jigu) result,


consequence, outcome; rgu if

[qn] close relative, kiss; mqin mother; fqin


(F) father; qnz in person
[qng] qngjia relatives by marriage

259

260

[ji] (= jixin) boundary, limit; shji world


[g] b dg have no relation, have nothing to do with
[g] bn'gnbg neither this nor that, inexplicit,
equivocal, mediocre
[j] reach, come up to, and, in, on, to; yj as well as;
jsh promptly

261

[jn] now, this; jntin today

262
263

[jng] capital city, (= Bijng) short for Beijing;


Nnjng; Dngjng Tokyo (or other eastern capital in
previous dynasties!)
affair, business; rnwu assignment, task; fw
(F) [w]
service, serve

264

265

266

[zh] work out, (= zhd) system, institution, (=


kngzh) control, dominate, (F) (= zhzo) manufacture

[ji] separate, explain, untie, undo, take off, dissolve,


<mathematic> solution
[Xi] <family name>
[ji] jisng send under guard

[g] each, every, different, separately; gyuqinqi


each has his merits
[g] zg oneself, by oneself

267

268

[rn] appoint, no matter, serve a position, allow, trust, official


post, <classifier for terms of office>; rnwu task;
rnh any
[Rn] <family name>
[zh] to, until, extremely, most, arrive, reach; shnzh
even (to the point of), so much so that; zhsho at least

269

[qng] (= qngchu) clear; qngji clean

270

[w] thing, matter; dngw animal; zhw plant;


wl physics

271

[ti] <polite> you, (F) platform, <classifier for


performances, engines, computers, TV-sets, etc.>, (=
Tiwn) short for Taiwan, (F) desk, table, (F) tifng
typhoon
[ti] Tinti (in eastern Zhejiang)

272

[xing] appearance, likeness, (= dxing) elephant

273

[j] (= jde) remember, (= jl) record


(F) {Compare with the "open" radical j self and not the close
y already}

274

(F)

275

276

(F)
(F)

277

[bin] on the side of something, margin, limit, <family name>,


(= pngbin) side; zhbin over here
[gng] share; ygng in all; gngchn communist;
gnggng public; gngh republic
[fng] wind
[zhn] (= zhnzhng) war

278

[gn] stem; gnsh interfere, intervene, (F) dry


[gn] (F) do
{ tingn the Ten Heavenly Stems:
ji-y-bng-dng-w-j-gng-xn-rn-gu (these characters are
sometimes used as ordinal numbers}
{Compare with qin thousand and y at}

279

[ji] connect, (= jishu) accept; jizhe catch, next;


zhji direct

280

[t] it, its


[x] allow, somewhat, <family name>, (= yx) perhaps;

281

(F)

xdu a lot
[h] yh yell in unison, yo-ho-ho

282

(A)

[b] eight; Byu August

283
284

[t] (= tbi) special, particular; tdin characteristic

[ju] perceive
(F) [jio] (= shujio) sleep; wjio siesta, afternoon
nap

285

[wng] look, full moon; xwng hope, wish

286

287

288

[zh] straight, directly


{Compare with zhn true}
[f] (= fw) serve, (= yfu) clothes
[f] dose
[mo] hair
{Compare with shu hand}

289
290

[ln] (= snln) forest, <family name>; Guln (city in


Guangxi)
topic, problem, inscribe; wnt question, problem;
(F) [t]
tm title

291

[jin] construct, establish; jiny suggest

292

[nn] south; xnn southwest


[n] nm Sanskrit to give oneself totally to

293

[d] degree, extent, unit (kWh, angle, temperature, etc.),


<classifier for units of measurement, occasions, times, etc.>;
zhd system, institution
[du] cidu surmise

294

(F)

295

296

297

301

(F)

(F)
(F)
(F)

302

298
299
300

[tng] order, unite, (= xtng) system; tngzh rule,


dominate; tngy together, unify, unite, integrate
[s] (= yns) colour; lins complexion, look, facial
expression
[shi] colour
[z] written character; Hnz Chinese character;
mngzi name; tz style of written Chinese, typface, font
{Compare qith xu study}
[qng] please, request, invite; qngqi ask, request
[jio] join; jiotng traffic; jiohun exchange
[i] (= iqng) love; irn spouse, lover
[rng] let, allow
[rn] (= rnwi) consider, (= rnshi) recognize
[sun] (= jsun) count, calculate, compute; sunle

303
304
305
306

forget it, never mind


theory
(F) [ln]
[Ln] Lny The Confucian Analects
[bi] hundred
(F) [b] chobzng express/cover everything
{Compare with bi white}

(F)

[ch] eat
[q] qq <the sound of giggling>
[y] justice, (= yy) meaning; zhy ~ism

310

311

(F)

[sh] skill, (= ysh) art; jsh technique


[zh] zhji medicinal wine

312

(F)

[ji] tie; jigu result; jihn marry


[ji] bear fruit

313

(A,
)

[li] six; liyu June


{Compare with xng prosper}

314

[gng] achievement; chnggng succeed; gngfu


time (duration), time (when), skill, art, work

315

[zh] point, (= zhtou) finger, toe; zhjia finger nail

316

[s] (= sxing) thought


[si] ysi meaning
[si] ysi richly bearded

317

318

[fi] not, non-; fichng unusually, extraordinary, special,


very, extremely
[li] to flow, stream; dinli electric current; jioli to
exchange, alternate

319

[mi] every, each; mitin every day

320

[qng] nature's colour blue/green/black...; qngnin


youth; qngw frog

321

322

[gun] tube, (= gunl) manage, supervise; bgun


no matter, regardless of
[f] man, (= zhngfu) husband; gngfu time,
duration, skill; difu doctor
[f] (formal) this/that (person)
{Compare with tin heaven and sh lose}

307
308
309

[k] department; kxu science; wik surgery


[zn] (= znme) how?
[yun] first, primary, dollar
[sh] club, organized body, (= shhu) society

[lin] connect, including; linmng right away;

323

(F)

linx continuous

324

(F)

[yun] far

325

(F)

[z] money, expenses; zbnzhy capitalism;


tuz invest

326

[du] team, (= bdu) army, (= duw) troops

330

(F)

(F)

331

(F)

[tio] twig, strip, item, <classifier for dogs, snakes, dragons,


etc.>; tiojin condition, term

332

[yun] courtyard; xuyun college; yyun hospital;


fyun court

333

(F)

[bin] change; binchng become; binhu


variation; gibin alter

334

(F)

[lin] unite, join; linx integrate, relate, link, get in touch


with

335

[yn] words; yyn language, speech, word

337

(F)

338

339

(F)

340

(F)

327
328
329

336

341

[gn] heel, follow, with, and


[di] belt, zone, carry, bring, take
[hu] flower, spend; hushng peanut
[kui] fast, sharp, (= kuil, = ykui) happy

[qun] right, power


[wng] to, toward; wngwng often
[zhn] expand, spread out, <family name>; fzhn
develop, expand, grow; zhnln exhibit, show, display
[gi] (= ynggi) should

[lng] to lead, collar; lngdo, lngxi leader;


bnlng ability
pass, pass on; chuntng tradition
(F) [chun]
[zhun] Confucian classic

342

[jn] near; fjn vicinity; zujn recently, lately, soon

343

[li] remain, stay, (= boli) keep, reserve; lix to


study abroad; yli hand down; jli arrest

344

[hng] (= hngs) red; Dngfnghng The East is


(F) Red
[gng] ngng needlework

345

346

(F)

[zh] govern, cure, punish; zhngzh government


[ju] jiju solve, resolve, settle; judng decide,
resolve, make up one's mind
[zhu] circuit, circumference, cycle, week; zhuwi

347
348
349
350
351

vicinity, surroundings, entirely; zhushn whole vody

[bo] (= boh) protect; bozhng ensure,


guarantee
[d] reach, arrive
(F) [d] <referring to sounds of clocks or footsteps>
[t] tot walk casually to and fro

[bn] do; bnf method; bngngsh office


{Compare with wi for}
carry, transport, ( ynqi) fortune, luck;
(F) [yn]
yndng move, turn around, sports

(F)

352

[w] military; wq weapon; wsh martial arts

353

[bn] half, semi~


{Compare with png even}

354

356

(A)

357

358

359

(F,
)

360

355

361
362
363
364

[hu] (= shhou) time, wait, situation


[q] seven; qyu July
[b] (= bx) must; bb needn't
[chng] (= chngsh) city, wall; chngchng Great
Wall
[f] (= fqin) father; fm parents
[f] old man
[qing] strong
[qing] strive
[jing] jujing stubborn, unbending
[b] step; jnb progress, improve; snb take a
walk
[wn] finished, complete
[g] leather; gmng revolution; gig reform
[j] bngj about to die of illness

[shn] deep; shnk deep, profound; shny deep


in the night
(= dq) area; qbi difference
(F) [q]
[u] <family name>

[j] namely, that is, even if, (= lj) immediately, at once

366

367

368

[pn] (= chnpn) product; shngpn merchandise,


goods
[sh] scholar; bsh Ph.D; nsh lady, Ms.;
zhnsh soldier
{Compare with t earth}

365

[qi] seek, ask; yoqi demand, request, requirement

369

[zhun] turn, transfer


(F) [zhun] rotate
[zhui] zhuiwn to flaunt one's speach
[ling] amount; lingc classifier, measure word
[ling] to measure
[kng] empty, sky
[kng] leave empty, free time
[shn] very; shnzh even, go so far as to
[shn] (= shn) what?; = shnme what?

370

371

372

373

(F)

374

375

(F)

376

[chng] guchng process; gngchng engineering


project; chngdu level, degree, extent

377

[go] (= gosu) tell; bogo report, make known


[g] gshu distributing feudal calendar

378

379
380
381
382

[zhng] crowd, many; qnzhng the masses;


tngzhng audience
[j] jsh technology, technique; kj science and
technology
[qng] light (compare with zhng heavy)

[jing] river; Chng Jing Yangtze River; jingshn


landscape

[y] (= yyn) language; Hny Chinese; yf


(F) grammar; chngy idiom
[y] tell
brave, outstanding person, (= yngxing) hero;
[yng]
Ynggu England
jch base, foundation; jbn basic, fundamental,
[j]
essential
faction, send; dngpi political parties
[pi]
[p] psi passport, identification

383

(F)

384

[sh] (= xngsh) form; fngsh way, pattern;


zhngsh formal, official

385

[l] (= lzi) plum, <family name>

386

[x] breath, stop


[xi] xioxi news; xixi rest

387
388
389

[mn] full; mnz satisfied, contented

[xi] write; mioxi describe, depict


(F) [xi] xiy freehand brushwork, sketch
{Compare with y and}
<sentence final particle>
[ne]
[n] woolen cloth
[sh] know; rnshi know, recognize; shbi tell
(F) apart
[zh] (formal) remember, commit to memory, mark, sign

390

(F)

[j] extreme, pole; Ti J the Supreme Ultimate (in


Chinese cosmology); tijqun shadowboxing
[lng] make, cause; mnglng command
[lng] ream, <classifier for paper>
[lng] jlng (= jlng) wagtail (a symbol of brotherly
friendship)

391

392

(F)

[hung] (= hungs) yellow

[lin] face

396

(F)
(F)

397

(F)

[dng] (political) party, clique; Gngchndng


Communist Party; Gumndng Nationalist Party

393
394
395

[d] virtue; dod ethics; Dgu Germany


[shu] gather, (= shudo) recieve, (= shuhu)
harvest; shushi put in order; shuynj radio

[qin] money, copper coin

398

399

[do] fall down, topple


[do] invert, (move) backwards, pour, contrary to
expectations
[do] follow up
[wi] have not, did not; wili future
{Compare with m end}

400

[ch] hold; jinch persist in, insist on; boch keep,


maintain, preserve

401

[q] take, get, fetch

402

(F)

[sh] set up; jinsh build, construct; shj design,


plan; shbi equipment, facilities

403

(F)

[sh] (= kish) begin, start; shzhng all along

404
405

[bn] printing plate, edition; chbn publish


[shung] pair, twin, double; shungfng both sides

406

[l] (F) lsh history; jngl experience, (F)


rl calendar
{Compare with l severe}

407

[yu] the more... the more...

408

[sh] (= lsh) history, <family name>; wish


unofficial history
{Compare with l official and gng more}

409

[shng] discuss, business

410

(F)

[qin] thousand
{Compare with gn stem and y at}
[pin] slice; zhopin photo; pink moment;

411

kpin card
[pin] film

412

[rng] contain; rngy easy; nirng content

413

414

[xing] resemble, (= xioxing) portrait, image

415

[zho] look for, seek


{Compare with w me}

416

[yu] (= pngyu) friend; yuho friendship


{Compare with fn turn over}

417

[hi] (= hizi, = xiohir) child; nhir girl

418

419

(F)

420

421

(F)

422

423

424

425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434

[yn] grind, (= ynji) study, research

[zhn] stand; huchzhn train station


[gung] wide, extensive
[yn] (when referring to the radical)
[gi] (= gibin) change; gig reform
[y] (= yln) discuss, confer; huy meeting,
conference; jiny suggest, propose
[xng] (= xngsh) form, shape; xngchng to form,
take shape
[wi] wiyunhu committee; witu entrust
[wi] xywiy to pretend interest and sympathy
[zo] early; zofn breakfast; zochen morning
[fng] (= fngjin) room, (= fngzi) building
[yn] (= shngyn) sound; ynyu music

[hu] fire; huch train; huchi match;


huyn flame
(= binj) boundary; shj reality; guj
(F) [j]
international

(F)

[z] (conjunction); yunz principle; fuz or else

[shu] head; shuxin first of all; shud capital (of


a country)
[dn] alone, single, sheet
(F) [chn] chny <hist.> chief of the Xiongnu
[Shn] <family name>
seize, depend on, (= gnj) according to
(F) [j]
[j] jij short of money, hard up

(F)

[do] lead; lngdo leader


[yng] shadow, image; dinyng movie

435

[sh] lose; shbi be defeated


{Compare with xin first}

436

[n] hold; nli bring; nq take; ngi hand


over

437

[wng] net; wngqi tennis; yntwng Internet

438

(F)

439

[s] similar; shu it seems


[sh] shde alike

440

[s] thus (nowadays used mostly as a phonem in foreign


names); fxs Fascist

441

(F,
)

[xing] perfume, fragrant; Xinggng Hong Kong

[zhun] (= zhunmn) special, (= zhunji) expert;


zhunzhng dictatorship

442

[sh] (= shtou) stone, rock


[dn] unit of grain
{Compare with yu right}

443

[ru] seem, as if; jiru if; rugn how much?


[r] br buddhist widom, prajna

444

445

[bng] (= shbng) soldier; bngl military strength


{Compare with bn guest}
[d] (= ddi) younger brother
[t] (=)

446

(F)

447

448

(F)

449

450

(F)

[fi] fly; fij airplane

451

(F)

[gun] view, contemplation


[gun] Dogun Daoist temple

452

(F)

[zhng] contend, dispute; zhnzhng war, warfare;


duzhng fight, struggle

453

(F)

[ji] ynji study, research; jijng after all

454
455
456

[shu] who?
[shi] who?
[xio] (= xuxio) school
[jio] (= jiodu, jiozhng) proofread
[d] read
[du] pause in reading
[zh] (= yzh) will, (= biozh) mark; tngzh
comrade, (F) zzh magazine

[bo] bag, wrap


[z] organize, group; zzh organization, organize, form
[zo] (= zhzo) manufacture, (= chungzo) create
[lu] fall

[l] be missing
[lo] loshi fade (in colour)
[lu] knglulu absolutely nothing left, open/spacious
and desolate

457

458

(F)

[sh] look; dinsh television

459

(F)

[j] jngj economy; jij help disaster victims


[j] jj multitudinous, numerous, magnificent

460

(F)
(F)

[x] happiness; xhun like

461
462
463

464

(F)
(F)
(F)

465
466
467
468

[l] (= lki) leave, from


[su] (= surn) although
[zu] seat, sit, travel by (car/plane/etc.), put a kettle (or
similar) on the fire, <classifier for bridges, buildings, etc.>;
qngzu please have a seat; zu gngng
qch ride a bus
[j] (= shuj) collect; jzhng centralize
[bin] weave, organize, (= binj) edit
[bo] treasure
[tn] talk
[f] zhngf government

469

[l] pull, drag, haul


[l] bnl half
[l] slit
[l] llag mole cricket

470

[hi] (= his) black; hi'n dark

471

[qi] for the time being; rqi furthermore


[j] (only used some personal names)

472

(F)

473

474

475

(F)
(F)

(F)

476
477
478
479

[su] follow; subin as you like


[g] check, pattern, standard; gwi especially
[g] <the sound of laughter, clicking of a hen>, chuckel
[jn] (F) use up
[jn] (F) to max extent; jngun even though
[jin] sword; bojin double-edged sword
[jing] speak, explain, discuss, stress
[b] cloth, spread
[sh] kill, fight, weaken, reduce, burn (of medicine)
[wi] tiny, micro; wixio smile

480
481
482

[p] (= hip) to fear; kp horrible

[m] (= mqin) mother; fm parents; zm


letters of an alpabet
shift, tone
(F) [dio]
[tio] adjust

483

[j] department, situation; yuj post office

484

485

[gn] root; gnbn essence, foundation, basic, utterly,


(not) at all
[cng] (= cngjng) in the past
[zng] great- (grandmother)
[cng] icngr colloquial to get a scolding

486

487

(F)

488
489
490

[zhn] allow, (F) certainly, precise; zhnbi prepare;


biozhn standard
[tun] ball, lump, group; tunji unite, rally

[dun] section, paragraph; shudun method, means (to


an end), strategy
end; zhngy finally; shzhng all along;
(F) [zhng]
zhngshn life-long

[l] enjoy, be glad, pleasure, (= kuil) happy


(F) [yu] (= ynyu) music
[qi] to cut
[qi] correspond to; yqi all

491

492

(F)

[j] grade, level; jij (social) class, steps, stairs, rank

493

[k] (= kf) overcome, gram, (F) kq set time


limit
[ki] (=) scold

494

495

496

[gun] official; gunlio bureaucrat

497

498

[chng] (F) rinse, rush, (F) rush


[chng] (F) towards

499

[jng] finish, (= jngrn) unexpectedly; jijng actually,


exactly, in the end, after all

500

[h] shu it seems; jh almost

501

[jng] perfect; jngshn spirit, essence; jijng


alcohol
[n] what? nr where?
[ni] (before classifier) which?
[na] (used in orders and exclamations)
[N] (in foreign names)

[sh] (= biosh) show, indicate; zhsh point out

[nn] male, (= nnrn) man

502

(F)

503

506

(F,
)

507

508

514

(F)

(F)

(F)

515

516

(F)

517

(F)

504
505

509
510
511
512
513

518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525

[j] raise; jxng hold (a meeting); xunj election;


jl give an example
[k] (= krn) guest; kgun objective; kqi
polite
[zhng] prove; tshzhng library card;
qinzhng visa
[k] bitter; jink arduous; tngk suffering
[zho] shine; zhoxing photo
[zh] pour, (F) notes; zhy pay attention; zhsh
gaze
[fi] cost; xufi tuition
[z] foot, (= zgu) enough; mnz satisfy
[r] <archaic> you; rhu thereafter; go'rf golf
[zho] beckon, recruit, attract; entertain (guests)
[qn] crowd, group; qnzhng The Masses
[r] hot
[tu] push
[wn] late; wnshang evening; ywn night;
wnfn dinner
[xing] sound; yngxing influence

[chng] weigh, name


[chn] duchn symmetric
[xng] goxng glad
(F) [xng] xngfn excited
{Compare with li six}
[di] treat, entertain, wait for
[di] (= di) stay
approximately, arrange, appointment
(F) [yu]
[yo] weigh

(F)

(F)

[yng] opposite of yn; tiyng the sun


[g] (= gge) older brother
[jng] surprise

[ma] <interrogative particle>


(F) [m] what; ? gn m? What's up?
[m] mfi morphine
(= zhngg) whole; tiozhng adjust;
[zhng]
zhngq neat

526

527

[zh] branch, support; zhch sustain; dzh the


Twelve Terrestrial Branches
[g] (= gdi) ancient
{Compare with sh tongue}

528

(F)

[hn] Chinese ethnicity; hnyu Chinese; hnzi


Chinese character; lohn old man

529

(F)

[t] charge forward, stick out; trn suddenly

(F)
(F)

[ju] cut off, absolute

530
531
532
533
534

[ho] name, number, mark


[ho] yell

[xun] (= xunz) choose, select; xunj election

[ba] at end of sentence, indicates suggestion


[b] snap!
[cn] cnji participate
(F) [shn] rnshn ginseng
[cn] cnc uneven, irregular

535

536

(F)

[kn] periodical, publication; bokn periodical


publications, the press
[y] inferior, second; Yzhu Asia

537

[f] (F) huf recover, (F) fz complicated,


complex, (F) cover

538

[shng] wound, injury, injure; chungshng trauma

539

(F)
(F)

540

(F)

[bi] (= zhnbi) get ready, prepare; shbi


equipment

541

(F)

(F)

(F)
(F)

[hun] (= hunl) happy, joyous; xhuan like

542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550

[li] category, kind, type; lis similar

[lng] other; lngwi other, besides


[gng] harbor; Xinggng Hong Kong
[sh] power; xngsh circumstances; zsh posture
[k] carve, quarter hour, moment
[xng] star; huxng Mars; xngq week
[dun] cut off; bdun unceasing; pndun judge
[chn] display, explain, stale, (dynasty 557-589)
[zhng] palm of the hand; zhngw grasp
[nng] (= nngmn) farmer, peasant; nngy

(F)

agriculture

[y] (= ywn) night; bny, wy midnight;


yl at night

552

[bn] sort, kind; ybn ordinary


[pn] happy
[b] br buddhist wisdom, prajna

553

(F)

551

554
555

[nin] miss, read aloud; gunnin concept; ninsh


study
[ji] (F) (= jizh) value, (= jiqian) price
[jie] (F)
[ji] servant
(= nozi) brain; nodai head; nok
(F) [no]
skull; dinno computer

558

(F)

559

560

(F)
(F)

(F)

556
557

561
562
563
564
565
566

[gu] gul regular pattern; gudng regulations


[d] bottom; chd thorough; dod after all
[g] cause, therefore; gshi story; gy on purpose
[shng] province, economize, omit
[xng] fnxng introspection
[m] mother, mom; mma mama
[gng] firm, (= gngci) just (a moment ago)
[j] sentence
[xin] appear; xinrn obvious
[xio] disappear; xioxi news; xiomi perish

[y] (= yfu) clothing


[y] wear (clothing), give (clothing) to others to wear
land; continent
(F) [l]
[li] six (= li)

567

568

(F)

569

[p] smash; phui ruin; pln worn out

570

[j] gngj tool; jyu possess; jt concrete;


wnj toy

571

[j] (= jzh) live, reside; jmn resident; jrn


unexpectedly

572

[p] <classifier for a batch/lot>, comment, criticize, refute;


ppng criticize

573

[q] utensil, (= jqi) machine; wq weapon


[qu] true; zhngqu correct; qush indeed;
mngqu explicit

[sng] see somebody off, deliver, give


574

(F)

[z] zhoz marsh, swamp; sz colour and lustre;


Mo Zdng CCP leader and founder of the PRC

575

[jn] tight; jnzhng tense; yojn important

576

(F)
(F)

577

(F)

[xin] line, thread; gungxin light ray; dinxin


(electric) wire

578

[cn] (= cnzi) exist; bocn preserve

579

(F)

580

581

582
583

(F)

584

[lio] (= cilio) material, expect, anticipate; zlio


means, data, material

585

[zhu] prefecture; Gungzhu Canton

586

(F)

[ji] joint, section, festival, holiday, (= jir) holiday


[ji] knot, link; jizi gnarl, knot (in wood)

587

[zu] left; zubin left side

588

(F)

589

590

591

592
593
594
595

[bng] (= bngzh, bngmng) help, gang

[yun] wish
[q] marvellous, (= xq) rare, strange
[j] odd (not even)
[hi] harmful; hichng destructive insect; lhai
fierce
[zng] (= zngji, = zngzhng) increase
[yng] poplar tree; snjioyyng cottonwood

[zhung] dress up, load, install, (= jizhung) pretend


[y] (= rngy) easy, change; Yjng Book of
Changes
[zh] write, book
[zhe] (S)
[zho] (S)
[zhu] (S)
[zho] (S)
[j] urgent; zhoj anxious; jmng in a hurry
[ji] (for a) long time

[d] low; jingd reduce; dj elementary; god


height
years old; sushu age; wnsu long life,
(F) [su]
Your/His Majesty, "Banzai"

[x] (= xyo) need; bx essential

596

[ji] wine; pji beer; hji drink wine

597

598

[h] river; Hnn shng Henan Province; ynh


canal
[ch] beginning, first (in order); chb preliminary;
qch at first

599

603

(F)
(F)

604

[fn] portion, share, copy, <classifier for portion, share,


copies of newspapers etc.>, college degree

605

[gn] dare; ynggn brave

606

[h] recklessly; nonsense (F) (= hzi) beard (F)


htng lane

607

608

[xu] blood
[xi] blood
[q] stand on tiptoe, hope for, look forward to; qy
enterprise; qt attempt; penguin

609

(F)

600
601
602

610
611
612
613
614

616

(F)
(F)
(F)

618
619

[yn] severe, stern


[ti] iron; dti underground, subway
[z] (= mnz) people, nationality, (= zhngz) race
[ch] get rid of, divide, (= chle) except

[rng] (= rngrn, = rngji) still, yet, as before


[tu] throw; tupio vote
[wn] smell, hear; xnwn news

[du] 10 liters; yndu tobacco/opium pipe;


Biduxng The Big Dipper, The Plow
[du] (F) fight
shj century; jnin memento; jl discipline
(F) [j]
[J] <family name>
foot; chjio barefoot; jiozh toe
(F) [jio]
[ju] (= jio) role, part, character, actor, actress

615

617

[yu] (= yuyng) swim, (= lyu) travel

[yu] right; yubin right side; zuyu around,


nearby, more or less
{Compare with sh stone}
[s] sxng revive; Szhu; Slin USSR
[bio] mark; biozhn standard
[fn] rice, food
[yn] say, (F) (= yncai) cloud

620

621

(F)

622

[y] (= yxu) medical science; yshng doctor;


yyun hospital
[] lb Arab
[] mtug Amitabha = Buddha preserve us

623

[d] (= hud) answer


[d] dying respond, promise

624

[t] earth, (= td) land, (= trng) soil


{Compare with sh scholar}

625

(F)

[kung] qngkung circumstances; kungqi


moreover

626

(F)

[jng] border, territory; hunjng environment

[cn] village, rustic; nngcn countryside, village

633

(F)
(F)

634

[ch] examine, investigate; jinch inspect


[Zh] <family name>

635

[yn] draw, stretch, (= ynq) cause, (= xyn) attract

636

637

[cho] towards, dynasty; Choxin Korea


[zho] (morning)
[y] raise, educate; jioy education
[y] hngy heave-ho, yo-ho

638

(F)
(F)

627
628
629
630
631
632

639
640
641
642
643

[bng] sick; mobing malfunction

[run] soft; runjin software


[ko] (= kol) consider, (= kosh) exam
[ning] mother, aunt
[niang] gniang girl

[do] knife
[j] beat, strike, knock; dj strike, hitt, attack, assault
[jn] (= jnjn) only, barely

[x] (= jx) continue; linx continuous


[d] only, alone; dl independent

[lu] (= luwng) birdnet; Lum Rome;


compass
(F) lupn
[lu] lusuo wordy, troublesome; llilulu the
sound of boiling/rumbling/etc.

(F)
(F)
(F)

[mi] buy
[h] door, household; chungh window
[h] (= boh) guard, protect; hshi nurse

[h] drink
[h] shout
[png] pngyu friend
{Compare with l beautiul and c book}
[gng] supply
[gng] confess

644

645

646

647
648

(F)
(F)

649

[bi] back
[bi] carry on the back

650

[y] I, me, (F) left-over, extra; the rest; cosine

651

[x] sparse, scattered, watery, this; xwng hope;


xq rare, strange; Xl Greece

652

654

(F)

(F)

655

656

(F)
(F)
(F)
(F)

653

657
658
659

[z] duty; zrn responsibility


[xing] (= xingm) item

[wi] defend; sanitary; satellite


[li] column, line up; lich train; pili arrange
[t] picture; dt map; tshgun library
[sh] room; jiosh classroom; wsh bedroom;
bngngsh office
[lun] chaotic, disorderly, messy; hnlun chaos
[Li] <family name>
[y] father; yye grandpa
[lng] dragon; knglng dinosaur
[zn] (= znmen) we = you and I
[zan] (abbreviation for zown) all the time, morning
and evening, sooner or later

660

661
662

663

(F)

664

[xing] (elder) brother; xingd brothers


{Compare with (F) r child and zh only}

665

[n] (= hi'n) dark; secretly; gloomy; hint

666

(F)

667

[zhng] chapter, seal, stamp, medal, badge, rules


[x] mat, seat, banquet; zhx chairperson
[cu] (= cuw) mistake; bcu not bad, pretty
good; ! ydinr bcu! perfectly correct!

[chung] chungzo create


[chung] chungshng trauma
[pi] arrange, row, line
[pi] pizch handcart

668

669

[chn] (= chntin, = chnj) spring; chnjun


spring roll; chnxiqidng the four seasons
[x] (F) (= bx) must, (F) (= hx) beard

670

[chng] chngrn admit; jchng inherit

671

[n] desk, (law) case; d'n answer or solution to a


problem

672

[mng] hurry, busy; help; right away

673

674

(F)

675

[tng] painful; tngk suffering; tngkuai delighted

676

[chn] to sink; chnzhng heavy


[chn] hichnchn pitch-black

677

[a] (used as phrase suffix, indicating


obviousness/impatience)
[] (indicating elation); !! ! W yu yngle! Ha! I've
won again!
[] (indicating doubt or questioning), huh?; ?? ??
N shu shenme? Huh? What are you saying?
[] (indicating puzzled surprise)
[] (indicating agreement/approval); ,! ?, hoba! Well,
OK!

678

[lng] clever, spirit, soul, elf; lnghu nimble, easy

680

(F)
(F)
(F)

681

(F)

[x] thin; zx careful; xbo cell; xingx


detailed

682

[s] gosu tell; ssng lawsuit

686

(F)
(F)

(F)

687

[xi] (= xitin) summer; chnxiqidng the


four seasons

688

[zh] (= bngzh) help

679

683
684
685

[h] shout, exhale; hx breathe; hunh cheer


[sh] tree; shln woods; shm trees; shgn
trunk

[zh] duty; zhgng staff; zhy occupation


[xing] countryside, home town

[ti] form; tidu manner; zhungti state


[tng] (= tngzh) stop; tngchchng parking lot
[yn] (= ynshu) print, (= ynzhng) seal
[b] writing implement; brush; pen; pencil

[f] blessing, good fortune, (= xngf) happiness, happy;

zhf invoke/wish a blessing; Fjin


{It is common to hang calligraphy of this character up-sidedown on doors, in order to get people to note that f
dole = "The 'Fu' is up-side-down", which is pronounced just
as = "Fortune/happiness has come"}

689

690

693

(F)

694

[hu] row (a boat) (F) scratch


[hu] (F) (= jhu) plan (F)

695

[j] since, already; jrn since, now that

696

(F)

697

[zh] (= wzh) matter, substance; zhling quality,


mass
[b] wiba tail; zub mouth; Bx Brazil
[b] zubzi mouth, a slap in the face

698

[zh] send, convey; yzh identical, (F) xzh


careful

699
700

(F)

701

702

[wi] soft leather, <family name>

706

(F)

(F)
(F)

707

(F)

[yun] (= huyun) garden, (= gngyun) park

708

[fu] not; shfu whether or not, is (it) or is (it) not?


[p] bad, inferior; zngp pass judgment (on people)

709
710

(F)

711

691
692

703
704
705

[kui] piece, lump, chunk, (= yun) Chinese dollar


[lng] cold; lngjng calm
[qi] ball; zqi football (soccer); dqi the Earth
[g] gniang girl

[wn] harbor; Tiwn


[yn] (= bioyn) perform, act, performance
[m] tree, (= mtou) wood;
{Compare with bn root and d big}

[gui] blame, (= qgui) strange; guiwu monster


[wi] surround; wiq Japanese "go"
[jng] still, quiet; jngdin static electricity
[png] (= pngbin) side
[bng] (=)

[f] assist, vice-; fc adverb


[j] binj edit; luj <loan> logic
[ci] pick, gather (F)
[ci] (F) cid fief
[sh] eat, (= shw, = shpn) food

712

713

716

(F)
(F)

717

718

(F)

[jio] relatively, quite; bjio compare, relatively


[jio] (bjio = bjio)

719

(F)

[ji] (= jijie) older sister; xiojie young lady

714
715

720
721

722

723
724
725
726
727
728

[s] feed
[dng] climb
[gu] enough; nnggu be capable of
[si] contest; match, race
[m] (= mfn) rice, meter; ym corn
[ji] false
[ji] (= jiq) vacation

[lu] story, building; mansion; lut stairs

[hu] (F) (= hud) get, obtain, (F) shuhu


harvest
[sn] grandchild; zsn children and grandchildren,
descendants; Sn Wkng monkey with supernatural
(F) powers in the nobel "Journey to the West"; Sn
Zhngshn = Sn Yixin = Sun Yat-sen, leader of the
Republican Revolution and the KMT

(F)

[xun] (= xunb) declare; propaganda


[chun] penetrate, wear
[sh] poem; shrn poet
[g] song; chngg to sing
[s] fast; sd speed
[h] disregard, (= hrn) suddenly, (= h'r) now...
[tng] hall; shtng dining hall, canteen; ktng
classroom
[tng] lingtngtng brightly lit, brilliant

729

730

[d] ( drn) enemy; enemy troops

733

(F)
(F)
(F)

734

(F)

[hui] bosom, cherish; huiy suspect; huinin


cherish memory

735

(F)

[g] (= zhogu) look after; gk customer

731
732

[sh] try, test; kosh test, quiz


[xi] thank; xixie thanks;
[yng] entreat, center; central; beg, plead

736
737
738

(F)
(F)

[yn] (= jngyn) experience


[yng] camp; campfire; do business
[zh] (= tngzh) stop
[xng] family name; xngmng full name (family name
and personal name); Nn guxng? (May I ask for)
your family name, Sir/Madame?

739

740

(F)

741

[l] mil beautiful; majestic


(F) [L] Korea
{Compare with png friend and c book}

742

[sh] belong to, be subordinate to, born in a specific year


(F) acoording to the Chinese calendar
[zh] enjoin

[yng] raise, nourish; yngyng nutrition

[jng] scene, scenery; fngjng scenery, landscape

745

[y] (= yko) depend on, comply with, according to;


yrn still

746

[wi] wixi threaten, imperil; shwi demonstrate;


Nuwi Norway

747

[n] press, (= nzho) according to; nm massage

743
744

748

[gu] outer wall of city, <family name>

[] evil
(F) [w] () hate
[] () nauseous

749

[mn] slow

750

[zu] (= zuwi) seat, place, stand, pedestal, base,


<classifier for mountains, bridges etc.>

751

[zu] crime, guilt

752

(F)

753

[wi] xinwi fiber; wih safeguard; swi


think
(= jinjin, = zhjin) gradually
(F) [jin]
[jin] dip/soak in liquid

754

(F)

755

[cng] store; conceal, hide


[zng] (= Xzng) Tibet

756

[hung] hungd emperor; hunghu empress

757
758

[shng] (= shngl) victory, triumph, win

[ji] street; street, neighborhood; street-corner


[j] surge, dash, (= jdng) excite; jli intense

759

[y] different; ychng unusual

760

(F)

761

762
763

(F)

764

765

[sh] carry out; cush to measure, step;


construction
[m] mfn model; mfng imitate
[m] myng appearance; mzi mold, pattern, die

766

[co] grass; comi strawberry

767

(F)

768
769
770

[zhi] pick, take off, select


[jio] horn, corner, dime
[ju] actor, role
[qio] look
[f] carry on shoulder, suffer, negative

[mu] certain, some; murn somebody


[yn] silver; ynhng bank

[l] (= lshui) dew, show, reveal, betray


[lu] reveal
battle array, <classifier for phases, spells etc.>;
(F) [zhn]
y zhn fng a short period of time

771

[zh] (= zhde) be worth, (= jizh) value

772

[bn] class, work; shngbn go to work; zhbn be


on duty

773

(F)

774

[cng] layer, level, storey


[xi] repair, decorate; xigi revise

775

[ch] differ, wrong


[ch] difference
[chi]
[c] rank
[cu] stumble

776

[wi] (= widao) flavor, taste

777

(F)

[zh] weave, knit; zsh organize; fngzh spin and


weave

778

[yo] medicine, drug

780

(F)
(F)

781

782

779

[gun] building; restaurant


[m] thick, dense
[ling] bright, light, shine, loud and clear; pioliang
handsome, beautiful, remarkable, brilliant, smart
[l] fl law; lsh lawyer; jl discipline;

xunl tune, melody


[x] linx practice; xux study; xgun habit

784

(F)

785

(F)

[jin] jindn simple; jintz simple form


character

786

783

787

[tin] field; tiny open country

[min] exempt; bmin avoid; minfi free


[d] () poison; () drug; virus

795

(F)

(F)

796

797

798

[s] silk, thread

800

(F)

801

(F)

[lo] (= lodng) labor


[lo] encourage, console

802

(F)

[f] (= fn) woman; ff married couple

788
789
790
791
792
793
794

799

[gu] return
[b] (= blng) wave; bchnga wavelength
[xng] mould, type; dinxng typical
[w] ( wzi) room, (= fngw) building; roof
[hun] change, exchange
[ji] help, rescue; jimng! Help! Save me!
[j] to mail; jshngchng parasite
[d] emperor; dgu empire; Shngd God
[tu] go backwards, (= hutu) retreat; chtu
withdraw
[yng] (= hiyng) ocean; Tipng Yng Pacific
Ocean
[yng] nunyngyng warm

[h] lake; hp lakes; Hnn; Hbi


[shu] (= shujio) sleep

803

[b] eldest brother, uncle


[bi] dbizi eldest brother of one's husband
[bai] shbai cousinship on father's side
[b] (=)
{Compare with bi hundred}

804

[n] Buddhist nun; Njilgu Nicaragua;


nlng nylon

805

[p] (= pf) skin

806

[z] ( zxin) ancestor; zm grandmother

807

[xing] powerful, male; yngxing hero; xingwi


grand; xingj rooster

808

809

[hn] (= jehn) marry; hnl wedding; hnyn


marriage
[kng] jinkng health; Kngx Zdin dictionary
compiled in the Kangzi period

810

(F)

811
812

813

[png] criticize, comment, review


[zhu] pursue

[h] exhale, sip, aha!, <the sound of laughter, etc.>


<family name>
[h]
[h] hsa shake, swing; hshim Chinese forest
frog
net, twine
(F) [lu]
[lo] gulo involvement, implication

817

(F)
(F)

818

[po] run
[po] paw the earth

819

[cho] (= chogu) go past, exceed, (= choj) super

814
815
816

820
821
822

[din] (= shngdin) store, shop; fndin restaurant


[fn] turn over; fny translate
[hun] ring; hunjng environment, surroundings
[l] ceremony; hnl wedding; lmo polite

[y] (F) leaf (of a plant)


[xi] harmonize
[y] press, pressure
(F) [y] ygn from the start, in the first place, altogether,
entirely, totally, at all, simply
fortune telling
[zhn]
[zhn] occupy; zhnlng capture

823

[jn] even; pngjn average

824

[yng] (= yngyun) always, forever, eternal


{Compare with shu water}

825

[li] (= qingli) intense; ardent; martyr

827

(F)

828

(F)

[gn] catch up

826

[jing] prize, award; bonus; scholarship


[p] old lady; lopo wife

829

830

835

(F)
(F)
(F)

(F)
(F)

836

837

840

(F)

841

842

(F)

[j] (= jx) continue; jchng inherit

843

[shng] esteem; goshng noble, lofty


[shang] hshang monk

844

[zu] ( zuba) mouth; zuchn lip

846

847

(F)

848

849

(F)

850

851

(F)

[ji] (=) steps; class; rank; phase

852

(F)

853

[dn] carry on a shoulder pole


[dn] two buckets full, 50 kg.
[sn] break up, distribute, dispel
[sn] fall apart, scattered

831
832
833
834

838
839

845

[f] (= fyu) rich; fngf abundant; cif


wealth
[ln] lnhu orchid
[l] record; jl take notes; tape recorder
[hu] draw, picture
[y] meet; ydo encounter
[dn] to pause, meal
[y] skill, (= ysh) art; wny literature and art
[p] ptng common; Ptnghu Common
Speach = Mandarin; pbin universal
[pn] judge; ppn criticize
[yun] (= liyun) source, origin; zyun resources
[y] 100 million
[s] plain, white, vegetarian; yns factor, element
[chun] boat, ship; dchun ferry; yzhu
fichun "cosmic flying boat" = spaceship

[ch] gunch observe; jngch police


[y] rain; rainwater; bofngy rainstorm
[yu] excellent; fine; outstanding; yuyu
superior
[nn] <polite> you; Nn guxng? (May I ask for) your
family name, Sir/Madame?
[xin] ( wixin) danger; boxin insurance
[yn] (F) smoke, cigarette, mist
[yn] (=)

854

855

856

(F)

[bn] board, hard, (F) lobn shopkeeper, proprietor,


boss
[zhng] (F) bell, clock; 3 o'clock, (F) zhng'i
dote on, <family name>
[fng] (= fngwn) visit; gather material

857

[mi] ( mimei) little sister; jimi sisters


{Compare with m = wife of the last ruler of the Xia
dynasty}

857

[shn] stretch

859

[F] Buddha; Fjio Buddhism


[f] fngf seem

860

[xin] limit, bounds; limited; restrict

861

[to] (= toln) discuss; toyn digusting


(F) { tokuci = () to ge jl(hu) to ask for
something as a token of good omen}

865

(F)
(F)
(F)

866

867

(F)
(F)

862
863
864

868
869
870

[ln] overlook, be adjacent to; temporary


[W] <family name>, Wu Kingdom (222-280 A.D.)
[yo] shake
[tio] jump; tiosn parachute; tiow dance
[q] (= wnq) curved
[q] melody
[lin] white silk, (= linx) practice
[gu] jigu structure; constitute;
[wn] play; wnj toy; hownr fun
[y] ( ysh) jade; ym corn
{Compare with wng king}
[fn] violate; fnzu commit a crime; criminal

875

(F)

(F)

876

(F)

[hu] wave, wield; command an army; wave (one's


hand)

877

871
872
873
874

[chng] (= gngchng) factory


[kn] be willing to, consent; kndng definitely
[xi] xizu cooperate
[xng] good fortune, luck; xngf happy

[xio] (= xiogu) effect, result; yuxio effective


[q] zhngq neat; yq together

878

(F)

[zhi] (=)
[z] (=)

879

[fng] to seal; feudal; envelope

881

(F)

882

883

884

886

(F)

887

(F)

880

885

888

[wn] (= wnnun) warm; wnd temperature


[y] ( huiy) doubt, suspect; chy hesitate
[ru] flesh, meat; jru muscle
{Compare with ni inside}
[gng] (= jngng, = gngj) attack; specialize in
studying
[zh] paper; bozh newspaper
[c] plan; zhngc policy
[chng] fill; chngfn full, ample; chngmn full of

[dng] top, <classifier for hats etc.>; y dng mozi a


hat
(= xnzho) seek
(F) [xn]
[xn] xnsi
[nng] (= nngyun, jngk) prefer, rather
[nng] tranquil
[sh] sand; shm desert; shqi dune; shf
<loan> sofa

889

(F)

890

891

[fng] embankment, guard, protect, anti-

[l] (= lzi) example; lr for instance

894

895

(F)

[mi] sell; ? Pnggu znme mi? How much are


the apples?

896

(F)

(F)
(F)

[shn] along, in the same direction as, obey, suitable

892
893

897
898
899
900

[zhu] grab, seize, arrest, attract, scratch

[g] thigh, section

[jng] jngch police; jnggo warn


[mng] dream
[j] drama, play, opera; jli severe
[shn] good; gishn improve; be good at

901

[mng] to cover, ignorant


[mng] cheat
[Mng] Mngg Mongolia

902

[pio] ticket

903

[ling] ( yuling, ) good; lingxn conscience

904

[fn] <family name>; (F) fnwi scope, range;


mfn model, fine example

905

[jin] hard, solid, firmly; persist; firm

907

(F)

908

(F)

[z] mixed; fz complicated; zzh magazine


[z] llilz rambling

909

[gu] expensive, valuable

912

(F)

913

914

(F)

915

[dio] drop, fall

916

[la] corresponding to le plus a, <interjection indicating


excitement/doubt>
[l] hll flapping sound
[l] ll chat, gossip, jaw; lgu chat, gossip

917

[m] nothing; not; md greatest;


mmngqmio baffling, inexplicable

918

[shu] award, give; teach; jioshu professor

906

910
911

919

[dun] hold sth. level with both hands, extremity, end


[ko] lean on, rely on, keep close to, come up to, near

[n] anger, rage


[go] stalk of grain, draft, sketch, manuscript
[pi] clap, paddle; pngpngpi ping-pong paddle
[l] rate, proportion; pnl frequency
[shui] shuilng lead, command
[ji] old (not new) (compare with lo old, not young; xn
new)

[shu] guard; boshu conservative


[yu] oil; qyu gasoline; jingyu soy sauce
[yu] lyuyu bright/fresh green; byuyu
bluish green

920

921

[n] kindness; Zhu nli

925

(F)

(F)

926

(F)

[b] stop; strike; ble that's all


[p] (=) tired, weary, exhausted

922
923
924

[j] accumulate; jj positive; area


[y] (= ly) advantage, proft
[xin] county; xinzhng county magistrate
[k] cry, weep

927

[tng] jitng family; court; courtyard

928

[chung] (= chunghu, = chungku) window;


curtain

929

(F)

930

[wng] (= wngj) forget


[wng]

931

[w] noon; morning; afternoon; lunch


{Compare with ni cow}

932

[k] block, calory, card


[qi] checkpoint

933

[xu] snow; xuhu snowflake; huxu to ski

934

[ci] vegetable, dish

935

936

[pi] tablet, brand, cards, dominoes; pizi sign, label,


logo
[ni] ox, cow, bull; nini milk
{Compare with w noon}

937

(F)

938

939

940

(F)

941

[zhu] continent; Yzhu Asia; uzhu Europe;


Fizhu Africa

942

[sng] pine tree; squirrel, (F) loose

943

[hui] (F) bad


[p] (=)

944

(F)

[Dng] <family name>

945

(F)

[xin] fresh
[xin] few, rare; Korea

946

[dun] short (opposite of chng)

948

(F)

949

950

(F)

947

[yng] raise; fyng develop, promote

[tu] take off; tul break away


[b] abundant, plentiful; Ph.D.; universal love;
bqgun museum
[zhng] 10 ch = 3 1/3 meters, to measure land, male elder
relative/person; zhngfu husband
[dn] bomb; bullet
[tn] play guitar

[b] by graduate; bjng after all


[zh] put, place; wizhi position
[chu] qngchu clear
[ch] kch misery
[u] uzhu Europe; um ohm

951
952
953
954
955

(F)

[l] brief, slight; lwi slightly


[zh] zhhu wisdom; zhl intellegence
[do] island
[kng] (= dkng) resist; revolt; protest
[q] (= qzi) wife

956

957

(F)

[zi] carry, be loaded with


[zi] put down in writing

958

(F)

[bi] ( shbi) lose, be defeated; fbi corrupt

959

(F)

960

[bo] hug, embrace

[qing] gun
[chng] chnchng comet
hsh suitable, appropriate
(F) [sh]
[d] dcng follow, go to

961

(F)

[x] empty, void; qinx modest; xxn openminded; kngx hollow

962

(F)

[y] prepare; beforehand; forecast

963

[jng] eye
[jing] ynjing eye

964

[c] thorn, prick, stab, irritate, (= csh) assassinate


[c] wham

965

969

(F)

(F)

970

971

(F)

972

973

(F)

966
967
968

974
975

[di] dad; didie daddy; did daddy


[fn] one after another; jifn dispute;
[ji] jisho introduce; preposition
[ku] boku include; giku generalize
[xio] melt (metal), remove, sell; sold out
[jing] fall, descend
[xing] tuxing surrender
[y] fish; jny goldfish; shy shark
[bn] run fast, flee
[bn] go straight towards
[rn] endure, tolerate; rnbuzh can't bear, can't resist
[zng] ancestor, clan, faction; religion; ancestry
[pn] disk, tray; sunpn abacus; chessboard

976

[r] (= rduo) ear; earphone, headphones

978

(F)

979

[pi] match, deserve; distribute; pih cooperate

980

[jn] ( jnzh) prohibit


[jn] endure; bjn can't resist (doing something)

981
982

(F)

983

[m] silent; mm silently; chnm reticent;


yum humor

984

[t] on foot, follower; tdi apprentice; fit gangster

985

[ji] frame, rack, shelf, put up, <classifier for planes, radios
etc.>; y ji fij an aeroplane; shji bookshelf

986

[dng] lamp

987

(F)

988

(F)

[zhung] (= zhungti, = zhungkung) condition,


state of affairs

989

[kun] fund

992

993

[hng] (= hngshu) flood, vast, <family name>;


hngling loud and clear, magnanimity

994

[shng] liter, rise, ascend

995

[hu] <classifier for groups, crowds, bands etc.>, group of


people. (= hubn) partner; jihuo fellow

996

999

(F)

(F)

1000

[chung] bed; chungdn sheet; river bed

1001

[h] hxing each other; xingh mutually,

977

990
991

997
998

[y] wild
[xn] interrogate; tngxn news report

[su] rope; ssu think deeply; suxng simply, just


[Zho] <family name>

[fng] mountain peak

[y] (= ydng) move; shift, transform; transplant


[b] dad; bba daddy
[tu] hold in the palm, rely on; witu entrust

[dng] conclude (compare with dng decide)


[ho] long fine hair, milli-; hob not at all
[h] hli fox
[zhn] town, press down, calm, cool

1002

1003

reciprocal
[to] set, cover; glove; y to yfu a (full) suit (of
clothing)
[l] (= lxng) travel; lgun inn; lxngsh
travel agency

1004

[to] ( topo) escape, flee

1005

(F)

[m] curse; ? Mma m m ma? Does mama


curse the horse?

1006

[sh] transport, lose (compare with yng win)

1008

(F)

1009

1010

(F)

[c] word; cdin dictionary; dngx verb; chu


vocabulary

1011

[kn] (= knnn) difficult, (F) tired

1012

(F)

1013

1014
1015

(F)

1016

[g] ( gtou) bone


[g] glu roll

1017

[shn] explain
{Compare with ji helmet and yu from}

1018

[y] desire, wish; ywng desire, lust

1019

1020

[zhng] journey; The Long March, attack, (F)


evidence, levy
[s] () personal, (= syu) privately owned, be private,
(= zs) selfish

1021

[w] ( tiow) dance

1007

1022
1023
1024
1025

[chng] sing;
[jng] sujng pacify, appease
[m] mm secret; secretary
[b] Peru

[li] (, ) tear; teardrop


[sh] cooked, ripe, familiar; shx know well
[shu] <colloquial variant>
[ci] wealth; fci get rich
[gu] ghost; ( mgu) devil; guzi foreign devil

[qi] autumn, fall; chnxiidng the four seasons


[j] (= jd) huge, gigantic
[yng] ( hunyng) welcome
[xi] yuxi excellent; xicai scholar

1026

[go] do

1027

[dng] 4th in a series, cubes (in food preparation), <family


name>
[zhng] zhngzhng clang, clank

1028

[x] inhale; hx breathe; xshu absorb; xyn


attract

1029

(F)

[shn] shnpn bring to trial; interrogate


[bin] all over, everywhere; universal, <classifier for
repetitive times/occurrences>; ! Zi shu y bin!
Say (it) once more!

1030

1031

[qing] (= qingb) wall

1032

(F)

1033

(F)

[shng] holy; sage, saint; Shngdnji


Christmas

1034

[b] ( bmin) avoid; tob escape, evade

1041

(F)

(F)

(F)

1042

1043

(F)

[wng] flee, lose, die

[bi] generation; older generation, ancestors

1047

(F)
(F)
(F)

1048

(F)

[jn] strength, energy, spirit


[jng]

1049

(F)

[no] () noisy; alarm clock

1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040

1044
1045
1046

1050

[zh] vermilion, bright red

[yu] leap
[j] envy, avoid, quit; jhui taboo
[zhu] table; y zhng zhuzi one table
[zh] hold in hand; zhxng carry out
[bi] grieved; pessimistic; tragedy
[y] (math:) field; territory; valley; region
[xio] dawn; ( xiode) know
[nng] do; nngchn court jester
[lng] alley

[qio] bridge

[shn] () get out of the way, flash; lightning


[yn] hidden; ynyu faint, indistinct

[kng] (= kngp) I'm afraid; kngb terror

1051

[ya] <sentence final particle like a>


[y] ah, oh

1052

[f] pay

1053

1054

(F)

[jin] prison; supervise


[jin] eunuch

1055

[tng] hall; cntng dining room

1058

(F)
(F)

1059

[bng] ice; bngxing refrigerator; bngling icecold; Bngdo Iceland; bngqiln icecream

1060

[xng] become sober, wake up; remind

1061

(F)

1056
1057

1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071

[jng] ( znjng) respect

[k] warehouse; shjk database


[zhn] shake, shock; earthquake
[ci] (= cilio) material; jioci teaching material

[qng] qngzh celebrate; qngh congratulate;


qngxng rejoice
( ls) green
(F) [l]
[l] (in some place names)

(F)
(F)

(F)

[tu] leg; ability to walk; ankle; thigh


[sh] state, narrate; describe; above-mentioned
[x] slowly, gently, <family name>
[zn] (, ) respect
[yng] hard; yngjin hardware
[] () forehead; quota
[w] (= cuw) mistake
[ji] borrow, lend
[n] receive, accept, enjoy, pay, sew

1072

[zh] fold; break; change direction


[sh] break
[zh] turn over

1073

[shu] sell; sell goods

1074

(F)

1075

[y] ychun inherit; yhn regret


[wi] give
[bo] violent, sudden; expose
[p] (=)

1076

[qu] (quf) lack, be short of; qudin shortcoming

1077

[m] be lost; W mle l I am lost; mxn


superstition, blind faith/worship

1078

1083

(F)

(F)

(F)
(F)

1084

[jn] (= jnzh) monarch, sovereign, (= jnz)


gentleman; tyrant

1085

[zhung] village; zhungjia crops; solemn

1089

(F)

(F)

1090

(F)

[qing] rob; snatch; scrape


[qing]

1091

(F)

(F)

(F)

[kng] ( kngs) accuse, (= kngzh) control

1079
1080
1081
1082

1086
1087
1088

1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102

[l] <family name>; ( lmng) rude; dull


[tn] (= tnsu) explore
[hu] (= huw) goods; hub money, currency
[tng] rtng children
[hun] ( hunmn) slow
[wi] () great, mighty; hngwi, xingwi grand

[fn] ordinary; ( fnsh) every; extraordinary


[wi] dangerous; crisis; endanger
[sho] roast, cook, burn (compare with cho stir-fry)
[ci] ( sci) colour; cis multicolour

[xing] (, ) chest; () heart, mind


[x] ( xj) drama, play; yux game
[pin] sheet of paper, piece of writing
[q] interest, fun; interest; interest, taste
[sh] bundle; shf tie up; jish finish
[wi] call; so-called
[gi] roughly, most likely; concept; spirit
[sh] shoot, fire, send out; inject; archery
[k] lesson; kbn textbook
[dng] hole, cave
[m] hemp, (= zhma) sesame; mfan bother
[m] mmahi dusk; lunmm messy,

disorderly
[bi] cup; gnbi cheers

1107

(F)
(F)

1108

(F)

[yng] embrace, crowd; yngh support; yngj


crowded

1109

(F)

[xin] donate; gngxin contribution

1110

[x] wash; xzo bath, shower


[Xin] <family name>

1111

[xi] stop, (= xixi) rest; retire; rest home

1103
1104
1105
1106

1112

1117

(F)

(F)

1118

1119

(F)

1120

1121
1122

1123

(F)

1124

1125

1113
1114
1115
1116

1126
1127

[tu] penetrate, thorough; tujng lens; transparent


[yu] yuj post office; yupio stamp
[rng] (= gungrng, = rngy) glory, honor
[dng] understand

[p] compel; yp oppress; bip be compelled


[pi] pijpo mortar
[tn] sigh
[gu] dog; ligu hound; fnggu mad dog
[tu] steal; xiotu thief
[yn] opposite of yng; , cloudy; gloomy
[q] vapor, steam; qyu gasoline; qch car
[bi] honor, worship; lbi week
[bi] bibai bye-bye
[hng] horizontal
[hng] perverse
[g] beat, play, drum, arouse
[g] pnggg fat, plump, full, bulging
[jin] jinkng health
[hu] thick, deep, kind, rich (food) (compare with bo thin)
[qin] qindng conclude and sign (treaty, etc);
qinmng signature
[dn] cinnabar, red; dntin pubic region; Dnmi
Denmark
[Lu] name of a river in Hnn and Shnx
[hn] (= hnjio, hhn, jiohn) shout, cry out
[rng] (= Chngd); frng lotus, cottonrose


1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134

(F)

(F)
(F)

hibiscus
[ln] wheel
[n] shore
[ni] breasts, milk
[dn] thin, light; dnln (= qinln) light blue
[cho] tide; (= chosh) moist; gocho climax
[xn] lesson
[yun] round, circle; (sometimes used for yun dollar)
[jun] roll; spring roll (F)
[jun] volume, book, exam paper
[qun] (= qun) curly hair

1135

1136

1138

(F)
(F)

1139

[wi] wiwzhy materialism


[wi] <expressing acceptance of a request/command>

1140

(F)

[du] force one's way; seize, capture; fight for

1141

1142

1143

1144

[c] ( cling) survey, measure; gunc observe

1151

(F)

(F)

(F)
(F)

1152

(F)

[zng] longitudinally; cozng operate; zngdu

1137

1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150

[sh] jish explain; shfng release


[zh] all, various, <family name>
[mio] wonderful, subtle; mmngqmio be baffled

[zh] expel, pursue, one by one; gradually; step by


step
[yn] (= ynzi) swallow (bird)
[Yn] <family name>
[di] stupid, silly, foolish, stay; dibn stiff
[i] ibn stiff

[lng] (= blng) wave (of water); waste


[chu] take out; shrink; whip; smoke tobacco
[gi] cover, shell; lid
[pin] slanting, leaning; stubbornly; unfortunately
[yu] experience, pass through, review; ( yud) read
[gu] ( gumi) purchase
[t] way, route; prospect; via

column, file
[y] <archaic interrogative particle>, (= y) grandfather
[Y] Ys Jesus

1153

1154

[m] feel, stroke; msuo grope; zhum fathom

1156

(F)

1157

(F)

[z] (= xunz) choose


[zhi] choose

1158

[hn] hate

1159

[sh] ssh dormitory


[sh] (F) give up, abandon; shbd be loathe to
leave at home

1160

[qun] box (with fists); tijqun Taiji shadowboxing

1161

1162

[tng] <family name>, Tang Dynasty, boastfull, exaggerated;


( tngt) rude

1163

(F)

1164

1165

[ru] weak; wiru faint; runru feeble

1167

(F)
(F)

1168

(F)

[y] ceremony, rite, gift, (= ybio) appearance, bearing,


(= yq) instrument, apparatus

1169

1172

1173

(F)

[bi] put, arrange, sway, wave; yobiw "shakesway-dance", waggle dance (of bees), rock 'n' roll

1174

(F)

[o] om secret, mystery; omio profound, secret

1155

1166

1170
1171

[gu] hang, put up


[hng] sail, fly; hngxng navigate; aviation

[zh] bamboo

[y] praise; rngy honor; mngy fame


[chng] ride (a vehicle); multiply
[shng] chariot

[jin] (= jinch) inspect


[gng] palace, temple, <family name>; zgng womb

[q] flag
[hn] keep in mouth, contain
[Yun] <family name>
[zh] foundation of a building; dzh address

1175

[fn] <classifier for kinds, times, occurrences etc.>;


fnqi tomato
[Pn] Pny county in Gungdng

1176

[hn] mix up; hnlun chaos


[hn] muddy, muddled

1177

(F)

[mi] extinguish; eliminate; perish; annihilate

[y] (= ych) tooth

1183

(F)

(F)

1184

[chng] fill; contain


[shng] flourishing; luxuriant

1185

[h] pit, nucleus; htao walnut


[h] hr <colloquial> pit

1186

(F)
(F)

1178
1179
1180
1181
1182

1187
1188
1189

[w] hold, grasp; comprehend

[l] ( kol) consider; yul worry about


[zho] zhoki convene
[mng] fierce
[kun] wide, broad, extend, relax

[di] bag, pocket


[sho] jisho introduce
[b] mend
[din] dinxng typical; classical; dictionary

1190

[qun] circle
[jun] pen, sty
[jun] shut up in a pen

1191

[fng] good-looking (F) fngf abundant

1192

[y] wny cultured, refined; yzhi elegant


[y] ypin opium

1193
1194

(F)

1195

1196

1198

(F)

1199

1197

1200
1201

[j] lucky, auspicious


[zn] approve of; praise
[ch] tea; chy tea leaves; hngch "red tea" =
black tea
[y] also; fnzhyrn and vice-versa
[g] () valley; (F) (= gw) grain; gzi millet
[wn] ( wndng) stable, steady; wndang reliable
[hu] (F) gather together; gubo to report; chu
vocabulary; (F) converge, remit

[l] lhai terrible, formidable, <family name>


(F) [li] name of an ancient country
{Compare with l experience}
to fall due, <classifier for year of graduation, regular
(F) [ji]
sessions, meetings, etc.>

1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208

(F)

(F)

[j] (= hnj) mark, trace, vestige; qj miracle


[li] thunder; thunderstorm; radar
[x] zhxu order; procedure; order
[hn] () cold
[f] enclose, attach; fjn vicinity, nearby
[j] chicken; gngbo jdng spicy diced chicken
[zo] meet with disaster
[tio] () choose
[tio] poke; challenge
[to] tot walk casually to and fro

1209

1210

1212

(F)

1213

1214

1220

(F)

(F)

1221

1222

1224

(F)

(F)

1225

[b] ( shub) arm


[bei] gbei arm

1226

[tng] quite, very; endure, stand; stand upright

1227

[co] conduct, grasp; cozng operate


[co] make trouble

1211

1215
1216
1217
1218
1219

1223

[jin] ( jinbng) shoulder; ( jinf) take on


[y] ( jy, huy) remember, recall; memory
[ru] yielding; rurun soft; ruhe gentle
[di] put on; di ynjng wear glasses;
dishang mozi put on a hat
[x] () cherish; kx it's too bad; bx not hesitate
[g] separate, stand between; next door
[ho] (= hob, = hob) not at all
[chng] () honest
[ru] auspicious, good omen; timely snow
[jin] subtract; jinsho decrease
[b] sow, seed; broadcast; disseminate
[me] (S)
[m] (F) yom petty, insignificant
[zhn] needle; policy; zhnc acupuncture
[q] board game; chess; Go; Checkers
[jng] jngzhng compete; contest

1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238

(F)

(F)
(F)

1240
1241

(F)

1242

1243
1244

(F)

1245

1246

1247

1248

(F)

(F)

1251
1252

[t] in place of; ( dit) replace, substitute


[mi] plum, prune; plum blossom; plum grove
[g] gngg consolidate; gdng fixed
[ln] lnl ethics

[Sng] the Song dynasty (960-1279); Sng tz


"Song"-typeface
steel; fountain pen; piano
(F) [gng]
[gng] sharpen

1250

[kung] ( fngkung) crazy

1239

1249

[yo] waist

[nu] nuyn a promise


[cn] injure, barbarous, incomplete, remnant
[yn] ( ynchng) prolong
[h] ( loh) tiger
[h] mmahh
[h] hbul <zool.> shrike
[xn] xns rapid, swift
[zi] ( zinn, zihi) disaster
[qio] qioqio quietly
[qio] qioshng quietly
[yu] high mountain, wife's parents, <family name>
[qio] <family name>; qiom arbor
[chun] river; Schnshng Sichuan Province;
bngchun glacier
[chu] revenge, hatered, <family name>; bochu get
revenge
[qi] mate, <family name>
[j] (= jji) season; dngj winter; sj four
seasons
[chu] blow
[ling] ( lingshi) grain, food
[j] gather, get together; hjbin nuclear fusion
[y] ( fny) translate
[zh] ( zhzi) pearl, bead; eyeball; teardrop

1253

[sh] (= shshu) uncle, father's younger brother

1260

(F)
(F)

(F)

(F)
(F)

1261

[mn] mnji agile; mngn sensitive; mnru


acute

1262

[y] <family name>, he or she; Ysln Islam

1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259

1263
1264
1265

1266

1267

(F)

1268
1269
1270
1271

[mu] scheme; conspiracy


[ch] jch foundation, base, basis; chsh plinth
[rn] benevolence, humanity
[sn] decrease; damage; snsh lose, loss
[rng] () melt (ice or snow; cf rng)
[ling] car; ling ling ch two cars
[jng] clean, complete; only; gnjng clean

[xin] fairy, saint, immortal celestial being; fairy maiden


[qio] clever, coincidentally; qiomio ingenious
[lng] zero; lngjin spare part; spare change
[lng] glnglng solitary, all alone; dnglnglng
tinkle, jingle
[li] tired; work hard
[li] accumulate
[li] (F)
[xing] (= xingshu) enjoy (compare with hng)
[bn] accompany; , companion
[dng] swing, sway; loaf about; wipe out; shake
[zhn] () treasure: pearl; precious
[yng] ynggn brave; courage; brave warrior
[m] end, minor details; mr powder; zhum
weekend
[me] (= me); shnme what?
{Compare with wi haven't}

1272

1273

[fn] fndu struggle; xngfn excited

1275

(F)
(F)
(F)

1276

(F)

[fn] be vexed; mfan trouble, bother; b nifn


impatient
[h] paste; htu muddled

1274

[dn] gallbladder, guts, bravery, internal parts


[q] ( fngq, poq) abandon, give up

1277

1278

1285

(F)
(F)

(F)

(F)

1286

1287

1292

(S)

(F)
(F)

1293

1294

(F)
(F)

1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284

1288
1289
1290
1291

1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
1301
1302

[h] plaster
[h] paste
[yu] still, yet; yuy hesitate; yur as if
[shu] tax
[pi] foster, train, develop; cultivate, breed
[d] support; ( dkng) resist
[sng] monk
[fng] sharp; charge, assault; vanguard
[ni] be, so, only then, you
[yo] distant, remote; long
[m] nm massage; mc rub; friction
[m] msa gently stroke, smooth rub, massage
[tn] level; calm; tank
[hu] after
[mi] eyelash; brows; eyebrow; looks
[cn] meal
[gun] be used to; xgun be used to, habit, custom
[png] lean on, based on, (= bln) no matter
[gun] hat, crown
[gun] first place; gunjn champion
[ti] lift, raise, carry
[png] bump into; happen to meet
[b] money, currency; coin; rnmnb RMB.
[q] open; start; enlighten; arouse, inspire

[m] <classifier for cloth, happenings, etc.>; ling m


(F) sh two entirely differeint things/matters; mtou wharf,
dock; hom (serial) number, code
emit, risk, pretend to be, <family name>; catch a
[mo]
cold
( hnshu) sweat, perspiration
[hn]
[hn] khn

[s] common, rustic, vulgar, custom; proverb, saying


[hu] ash, dust, grey, disheartened

1309

(F)
(F)
(F)

(F)
(F)

1310

1311

1313

(F)

1314

[y] (= yy, = jy) give, grant


[y] <archaic> (= w) I, me

1315

[z] purple, violet

1316

(F)

1317

[yn] along; ynhi coastal; ynr water's edge

1318

1319

[xi] () sleeve; leader; pocket-sized;


dunxi T-shirt

1320

[ling] bridge, roof beam; bridge; backbone

1323

(F)

1324

[dn] <archaic> dawn; in one day; once; New


Year's Day

1325

[chn] ( zochen) morning

1327

(F)
(F)

1328

(F)

[ling] cool, cold


[ling] make cool

1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308

1312

1321
1322

1326

[d] jind supervise


[qing] poor; wqing infinite
[p] quite, rather
[qng] lean; tendency, prefer; slant
[jin] point, tip; jinru sharp
[Hn] <family name>; (old name for Korea)
[mo] moy trade
[fng] resemble, be like, (= mfng) imitate, copy;
seem; copy
[g] alone; orphan; isolated; lonely
[pio] float in the air, flutter; flutter, wave
[mn] overflow; endless; lngmn <loan> romantic

[c] side
[zhi] zhiwai slant

[b] raise, pull; promote; elevation

[shng] reward, admire; xnshng enjoy, appreciate


[m] curtain; act (of play); pngm screen
[b] wall, cliff; qingb wall (la pared)

[chn] ( chnji) pure; ( dnchn) simple


[b] shut

[so] sweep; dso clean up


[so] sozhou broom

1329

(F)

1330

[yu] fault; outstanding; yuq especially

[po] cannon; shell


[bo] quick-fry
[po] concoct

1331

1337

(F)

(F)
(F)

1338

(F)

1332
1333
1334
1335
1336

1339
1340
1341

[wn] bowl
[ti] stick, paste, glue, stay close to
[ch] insert, stick in; plug
[gn] roll, boil
[yun] cause, reason; edge; insulate
[s] temple, Buddhist monastery

[bi] shellfish; cowrie; (money); bik shell


{Compare with jin see}
shrn moist; lrn profit; rnhu
(F) [rn]
lubricate
[sh] surname, family name, (= shz) clan
[zh] Yuzh Indo-Scyths (nomadic people in Central
Asia)
(= dngtin, = dngj) winter; dngmin
[dng]
hibernation; chnxiqidng the four seasons
[ku] kud enlarge, expand

1346

(F)
(F)

1347

(F)

[xi] frighten, scare


[h] (= kngh) threaten, <interj.>

1348

[du] pile, heap


[zu] gulibozu altogether, all in all

1349

[zhung] collide, run into

1350

[lng] young man; bridegroom. <family name>


[lng]

1342
1343
1344
1345

[ln] fence, railing


[hung] desolate, wasteland, famine; hungmi absurd
[zh] zhxu philosophy
[b] force, compel; close in on

1351

[li] two, both; wmen li the two of us


(F) [ling] jling trick, intrigue, maneuver, skill, dexterity,
craft

1352

(F)

[ln] () blue

[xin] idle, free time; digression, complaint

1356

(F)

(F)

1357

(F)

[q] ride (horse/bike)


[j] chngj saddle horse; rider

1358

[dn] egg; chicken egg; protein

1359

1360

1361

[yng] sheep; shnyng goat; yngnin year of the


Sheep = 8th year
[y] (= shy) suitable
[yi] pinyi cheap

1362

[ma] <particle for persuation>


[m] <interrogative particle> (= ma)

1363
1364

(F)
(F)

1365

1366

[zh] stay, halt, be stationed

1369

(F)

(F)

1370

(F)

[p] pounce on; flap wings; pmi extinguish; pk


<loan> Poker

1371

(F)
(F)

(F)

[zhung] robust, magnificent; majestic;

(F)

[mo] () appearance; polite

1353
1354
1355

1367
1368

1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377

[xn] suffering; xnk work hard


[jng] (= jngzi) mirror, lens; ynjng glasses
[pi] (= pitng) accompany; piji dowry

[c] urge; urgent; cjn promote; csh impel, urge

[yn] yns colour; ynmin face


[pn] (= pnk, = pngqing) poor
[f] width of cloth, size, <classifier for cloth, paintings etc.>;
a picture

[png] (= fpng) duckweed


[w] foul; wrn pollution
[ji] outstanding; masterpiece

[s] ps bodhisattva, benevolent being, <family name>


[xng] punishment
[yu] worry, grieve; yuy sad; worry about

[y] lawsuit; ( jiny) prison, jail


[si] fill in, stuff, cork
[s] (= ds) block up, obstruct
[si] place of strategic importance, border pass

1378

[fng] male phoenix (fabulous bird of good omen)

1381

(F)

(F)
(F)

1382

(F)

[q] (rhetorical adverb); qyucl What kind of


reasoning is that?, Nonsence!

1383

[sn] (= snln) forest

1384

[fn] numerous; fnzh breed; flourishing;


fn tz full forms of simplified characters

1385

[su] smash to pieces

1386

[jn] ferry crossing, ford, saliva, sweat, moist, damp;


jnjnyuwi (to do someting) with pleasure, to be appetizing

1387

(F)

1388

1389

(F)

[ch] tardy; arrive late; hesitate; put off


[zh] zhdn dawn, daybreak

1390

(F)

(F)

[hu] shine; radiance, glory; huhung brilliant

[xio] desolate

1396

(F)

1397

1398

1399

(F)

1400

1401

(F)

[lng] () age; duration

1402

(F)

[jng] path, way; ( zhjng) diameter; tjng channel,


way, through

1379
1380

1391
1392
1393
1394
1395

[kng] hole; Kngz Confucius; minkng face


[ch] touch; jich get in touch; antenna
[lin] love (as in love affair)

[xi] xik chivalrous warrior; chivalrous


[lng] lngzhng grand; lngq swell
[lng] hnglnglng tumble, roll

[hn] ruthless
[x] fnx analyse
[su] shrink
[xu] cave, hole, den, grave, acupuncture point

[yun] resentment, complain


[m] rub, wear down
[m] mill, grind(stone)
[f] bend over, subside; hot summer days; rise and
fall
[c] take leave; diction, poetry, language
[n] mud; soil
[n] putty

[b] (= bzi) nose; bkng nostril

1411

(F)

(F)

(F)
(F)

1412

(F)

1413

[mi] wheat, etc; mipin oatmeal; mikfng


<loan> microphone
[s] stay overnight, <family name>
[xi] <classifier for nights>; zh y xi stay one night
[xi] constellation in Chinese astronomy

1414

[bi] times; three times (as much)

1416

(F)

1417

[sho] (, ) a little, a bit, slightly


[sho]

1418

[ji] cut, stop; section, length; half a section

1403
1404
1405
1406
1407
1408
1409
1410

1415

1419
1420
1421
1422

[yng] face upward; xnyng (religious) faith


[fn] (= qfn, = fnn) angry
[m] xinm envy; admire; im adore
[] very soon, suddenly; ?gu Russia
[yng] shine
[xn] xnwn ask about, inquire
[cn] tragic; savage

[c] thick, rough, coarse


[tng] jump, gallop, vacate; boiling
[tng] thump

[rn] to dye; catch (disease); dye; pollution

[w] (= wy) crow, (= whi) black; wgu


(F) tortoise
{Compare with m horse and nio bird}

[y] heal, get better; (like yu)

[gng] mound, sentry


(F) [gng] hugngsh granite
[gng] gnku delicious sweet

1423

1424

(F)

1425

1426

[li] rely; hang around; blame falsely; deny error

[li] willow
[p] spread, unfold; pave
[p] shop, store; plank bed;
[sh] wade, ford, go through, involve; gnsh interfere
[j] (= jbng) illness; jk hardship

1427

(F)

1428

[fng] accept, offer; receive orders; flatter

1429

[t] step on; (= zota) zota ruin, waste, insult,


affront
[t] (= t) collapse, sink, calm down

1430

[zhng] faithful

1432

1433

[j] book, registry, native place, membership; guj


nationality

1434

(F)

(F)

1431

1435
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440
1441
1442
1443
1444

1445

(F)

1446

1447

(F)

1448
1449
1450
1451

[dng] ward off, block, gear (of car)


[dng] bngdng arrange, get ready

[w] (= w) five, <family name>; duw troops


[du] hide (oneself), avoid, dodge

[n] nl try hard


[lng] shunglng, bright and clear; recite
[xing] box
[ci] cut cloth or paper; reduce; decide; sanction
[zhng] curtain; mosquito net; tent; account
[jin] double; simultaneously: compatible
[b] bc each other
[xi] rosy clouds
[zh] pig; zhnin the year of the pig = the 12th year
[x] shx know well, be familiar with
[zh] prick
[zh] zhngzh struggle
[z]
[qun] advise
[bo] thin
[b] slight; weak
[b] bhe peppermint
[zh] build, construct; architecture
[jn] handsome, pretty; brilliant, talented
[xi] shoe
[j] ( jl) distance
[qn] (= qnl, = qnr) invade, intrude into

1452

[xn] xnshng enjoy

1454

(F)

1455

[t] spit
[t] ( ut) vomit

1456

[hn] ( lnghn) soul, spirit, mood

1457

(F)

1458

1459

[yng] full; yngl profit, have a surplus

1461

1462

[ji] helmet; zhjia fingernail; beetle


{Compare with shn explain and yu from}

1463

(F)
(F)

1453

1460

1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474

[j] squeeze; crowd; push, jostle; yngj crowded


[mi] go-between, matchmaker; medium, intermediary

[ji] (= chnji) pure, (= qngji) clean, sanitay;


jibi pure white, spotless
[zh] branch
[q] (= q) fork, brach, divergent

[z] block; zzh prevent; dinz resistance


[xin] pit, trap; cave in; sink/fall into

[zhng] <family name>; zhngzhng serious, solemn


[mng] cry of birds, animals, insects; ring, sound; express
[tng] (= tngru) if, supposing

[shng] be left over, remain, (= shngy) surplus, left


over, remain
grain, small round object, <classifier for small round
(F) [k]
things>; y k zhzi one pearl

[tu] pull, drag; procrastinate


[sh] stretch; shfu comfortable; shchng carefree
[hu] nhu favor, kindness; xinhu virtuous ()
[hn] dusk, dark, to faint
[zhn] shake, stimulate; vibration; inspire
[ji] forbid; jiyn enforce martial law; jizhi ring

[sng] lose (by death), lose (sth. important); sngsh


(F) forfeit
[sng] mourning; sngsh funeral arrangements

1475

[jio] burnt; () coke; jioj anxious; focus

1476

[p] crawl, climb


[p] ipp squat, short

1477

[lng] insult; encroach; draw near; lngchn before dawn

1478

1479

[u] ( urn) by chance, even number


{Compare with j odd}

1480

[hung] ( yohuang) shake, sway


[hung] dazzle
[hung]

1481
1482

1483

(F)

1484

[hu] zhhu wisdom

[to] () peach; peach blossom; yngto cherry


[ch] red, bare; chdo equator; chjio barefoot

[ln] messy; cnln splendid


[ln]
() deceive; cheat, swindle; hoax;
(F) [pin]
swindler

1486

(F)

1487

1488

1489
1490

(F)

1491

1492

(F)

1493

1494

1498

(F)

1499

[gn] sweet; gnzhe sugarcane; Gns


{Compare with r sun}

1500

[yo] bite; bark; pronounce

1485

1495
1496
1497

1501

[cu] arrange; cush measure, step


[y] page
[xing] terrible; xing' fiendish; xingmng
ferocious
[ti] peace, quiet; Thailand; Tishn Mount Tai,
something of great importance
[sh] corpse, sht dead body
[p] slope, hillside; pd slope, gradient
[li] tie or strap tightly
[l] lsu
[lio] treat, cure; therapy
[t] pagoda, tower
[da] ;
[chn] ( huchn) dust
[tng] lie down
[sh] tsh special, particular
[wi] comfort, console; express sympathy for
[tn] (F) altar, raised plot of ground; (F) jar, jug

[j] resist; ( jju) refuse

1502

[bio] young tiger

1503

[zh] ( bozh) explode, blow up


[zh] deep fry

1504

[jng] (water) well, <family name>

1505

1506

(F)

1507

[yn] drink
[yn] give animals water to drink
[zh] express good wishes; qngzh celebrate;
zhh congratulate; zhf invoke/give blessing

1508

[wng] wngwng tearful, bow-wow; boundless


(ocean)

1509

[lo] firm, durable; ( lofng) prison; log sturdy

1510

1511

[wi] (= wiba) tail


[y] huy <colloquial> end, behind

1512

[pio] float
[pio] pailiang beautiful
[pio] piobi bleach

1513

1514

1515

1516

[lio] just, slightly; wlio bored, silly; liotinr


chat, gossip
[s] cast, let go
[s] scatter, sprinkle
[qi] ( qidng) appropriate, suitable; qiho just
right
[nng] hnnngt concrete; nngsh stare;
nngg solidify

1517

[mo] spear; modn "spear-shield" = contradiction

1518

[Y] <family name>


[w] <archaic> sigh and exclaim
[y] (S) in, at, to, from, by, than

1519

(F)

[bn] guest; bngun hotel


{Compare with bng soldier}

1520

[x] qngx mood, depression; tux lead, clue

1521

(F)

1522

1523

[d] ( dzi) stomach


[d] tripe
[cng] urgent, rushed; cngcng hurriedly, obviously,
apparently; cngmng in a hurry

1524

[mio] trace, touch up; mioxi describe

[chng] worship, high, sublime

[gu] laurel (bay) tree; Guln

[Png] <family name>

1525

1526

1530

(F)

1531

[li] split, crack: fnli split, divide, break up, fission


[li] crack open

1532

[hu] slip, slide, smooth, slippery; hubng ice-skate

1533

[fi] to possess literary talent; firn brilliant (of


literature); Fij Fiji

1534

1536

(F)

1537

(F)

1527
1528
1529

1535

1538
1539
1540

[fn] powder; xyfn laundry detergent;


fnhngs pink
[zi] thief
[f] (=quf) lack; pf tired; pnf poor
[dn] shield; modn "spear-shield" = contradiction
[chu] worry
[xi] slanting; xibin hypoteneuse; xil slope

[fi] waste
[j] jm lonely; jjng quiet (place); chnj quiet
[yng] gush, pour, rise, surge; xingyng turbulent

[xing] xingx detailed; dunxing details;


nxing serene
hot water, soup
(F) [tng]
[shng] shngshng to flow turbulently
chd thorough; gunch carry out,
(F) [ch]
implement
black, dark, profound, abstruse; xunxu
[xun]
metaphysics

1541

1542

(F)

[hng] bang, boom, rumble, bomb, attack, drive out;


hnghnglili grand, spectacular

1543

(F)

[jin] treacherous, traitor; (F) adultery; qingjin rape

1544
1545

1546

1547
1548

[jn] half a kilogram; gngjn kilogram

[lin] klin poor, pitiful


[du] (= dur) flower, <classifier for flowers, clouds
etc.>; y du hu;
[duo] rduo ear
[ji] good, beautiful
[ji] <slightly archaic> all, everyone

[nio] bird
(F) [dio] (=)
{Compare with wu crow}

[bng] nation, state, country; chngbng city-state;


wtubng utopia

1549

1550

1555

(F)
(F)
(F)

(F)

1556

[sh] snake
[y] xywiy pretended interest and sympathy

1557

[b] catch; dib arrest

1551
1552
1553
1554

1558

[f] support with the hand, help


[hu] destroy; humi exterminate
[cng] cngming clever, intelligent, bright
[bin] ( binln) debate, argue; diagnosis
[png] (= pngzi) bottle
[] hungry

[bn] move; move house


[Shn] <family name>, liquid essence; (F) Shnyng;
mshnwign "before the ink is dry"
[chn] (=) to sink

1559

1560

1562

(F)

1563

[m] evil spirit, (= m, = mgu) demon; msh


magic

1564

[qn] zither-like instrument; piano; violin

1565

(F)

[zhng] struggle; earn


[zhng] zhngzh struggle

1566

[pn] engage; pnqng engage, invite

1573

(F)

(F)

1574

(F)

[wi] disobey, (= wifn, = wibi) violate; wif


break the law

1561

1567
1568
1569
1570
1571
1572

[fng] Chinese sweet gum (tree); maple


[ji] jijiu uncle, mother's brother
[yu] secluded; humor; gloomy; ghost

[wn] curve, bend


[m] (= fnm) grave, tomb
[q] (= qpin) cheat, deceive, (= qfu) bully
[w] realize; consciousness;
[Jing] <family name>
[chn] high official, overseer, (= dchn) minister
[fn] (= fnhu) return, go back

1575

(F)

[ku] lose (money); chku suffer a loss, come to grief,


treat unfairly; xngku fortunately, luckily

1576

[di] lose, misplace

1578

(F)

1579

1580

1581

[Wi] one of the Three Kingdoms, name of several


dynasties, <family name>
[ni] be able to endure; yubixn patient; b
nifn impatient
[pi] wear (at the waist), admire, pendant waist ornament;
pifu admire; jngpi esteem

1582

[sun] sour, acid

1583

[mng] ( linmng) alliance, pact


[mng] mngsh oath of alliance

1584

[png] fat, plump


[pn] <archaic> easy and comfortable

1585

1587

(F)

1588

[Qn] the Qin Dynasty 221-207 B.C., <family name>

1589

[q] bend, submit, injustice; qf surrender, yield;


wiqu feel wronged, srong somebody

1590

[r] wr insult, humiliate; chr shame

1591

[zu] (= zutin) yesterday; zuwn yesterday


evening
{Compare with z how}

1592

1594

(F)

1595

[sh] (= shmng, = qinsh) sign one's name;


bsh deploy

1596

[f] go to, attend

1597

(F)

1598

1577

1586

1593

1599

[yun] hold, help; zhyun support; yunzh help


[H] <family name>, hertz

[sh] stupid, idiotic; shzi, shgu idiot


[ro] wind, coil, move around; wiro surround
[hng] groan, snort, hum
[hng] humph

[shu] thin, lean, frail, skinny


[zn] (= znsh) temporary
[jin] arrow; hujin rocket; jintu arrowhead

[d] hand over, pass, give; djio deliver, hand on,


present, submit
[ci] guess; cixing suppose

1600
1601
1602
1603
1604
1605
1606

(F)
(F)
(F)

[qin] qinshutng submarine; qinl latent ability


[hng] ( hngyn) swan, wild goose, vast
[j] grade, achievement; merits and achievements
[yo] shine, dazzle

[t] spread on; tlio coating


(F) [tu] htu muddled
[t] hlibt confused, muddle-headed

[g] cut; shug to harvest

[du] bean; dufu tofu; ddu soybean;


wndu pea
muffled (of sound), stuffy, cut off from air circulation
(F) [mn]
[mn] bored, depressed

1609

(F)

1610

1611

1612

[y] eaves, universe; yzhu cosmos; mioy


temple
[fn] flood; gungfn wide, extensive; fnln
overflow
[lng] wolf, greedy and cruel person; lngbi in a
difficult position

1613

[hu] (= huhu) regret, repent

1607
1608

1614
1615

[tng] (= tngzi) pavilion, kiosk


[xing] (= jxing) auspicious; cxing kindly, mercy
[l] gl, jl encourage; jingl reward

[d] put up, hang over, lift together


[d] dchr pursue another's utterance; nd
where, wherever
(= jnjin) warship; hngkngmjin
(F) [jin]
aircraft carrier

1616

1617

(F)

[qin] lead along (by hand, halter, etc.); qinni xi


d

1618

[f] fh conform to; fho mark, symbol

1620

(F)

1621

[bo] (= bozh) explode, (= bof) erupt, burst;


bozh firecracker

1622

[z] elder sister; zmi sisters

1619

[f] float

[s] yns serious, solemn; sqng eliminate


[n] (= nl) slave

1623
1624

[yu] young, children; yuzh childish; child

[ji] press, squeeze, clip


(F) [ji] lined (clothing)
[g] gzhiw armpit

1630

(F)

(F)

1631

[ch] ruler, one-third of a meter; yngch (English) foot


[ch] gngch traditional Chinese musical notation

1632

[sh] shhu wait upon, look after

1633

1634

(F)

1635

1636

1625
1626
1627
1628
1629

[yo] ( yoqng) invite


[fng] crazy
[yn] ynx permit, allow
[no] nohu angry, annoyed
[z] rent; chzqch taxi
[y] ( yzi) chair

[f] rotten; tofu; corrode; corrupt


[chn] quiver; chndu tremble; chndng vibrate
[zhn] tremble, shudder
[ni] twist, turn around, seize; biniu awkward
[ni] zni squeak
[fi] fib humble
[fi] luxuriant; Filbn Philippines

1637

[w] tile; ( wt) Watt


[w] to tile a roof
[w] lnww dazzling blue

1638

[c] rub, wipe, scrape

1639

[l] spicy; ljio hot pepper; dl sinister


[l] rll burning hot, impassioned, passionate

1640

1641

[zu] play music; ynzu perform music; jizu


rhythm
[yn] rich, <family name>
[yn] (= ynhng) blackish red, dark red

1642

[mi] bury, cover up


[mn] mnyun blame, complain

1643

[shui] fall down; shuijio wrestling

1644

1645

[yn] chant, recite


[yn] xioynyn smilingly

1646

[d] cross a river/sea/etc., tide over, ferry across;


dchun ferry

[pn] look, (= pnwng) hope for, look forward to

1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653

(F)

[shn] (= chnshn) shirt


[ku] step, stride, straddle, go beyond
[zu] drunk
[jin] (= jinnn) difficult, (= jink) arduous
[yn] hide, sneak attack; ynh to shield; yngi
conceal

[h] lotus; hhu lotus flower


[h] carry, load
dark green or blue; blue sky; green pine;
(F) [cng]
cngying fly, mosquito; cngbi pale, lifeless, grayish

1654

[xun] spin; xunzhun rotate


[xun] whirl, lathe

1655

[ji] uncover

1656

[sng] mulberry tree; sngcn silkworm; sngy


mulberry leaves

1657

[zhng] battle, war; dzhng wage a war, fight a battle

1658

(F)

1659

(F)

1660
1661
1662
1663

[lin] lotus, water lilly

[zun] drill, get into, study


[zun] drill, auger, diamond, watch jewel
hngwi magnificient; hngd great;
[hng]
hnggun macroscopic
unreal, imaginary, magical; khun xioshu
[hun]
science fiction novel
(= dorn) sharp edge of knife or sword, kill with
[rn]
knife or sword
(= xig) gorge, canyon; hixi strait, channel;
(F) [xi]
Sn Xi the Three Gorges of the Yangtze river

1667

(F)

(F)

1668

[zhng] barrier, obstacle, (= zhng'i) obstruct;


bozhng ensure

1669

[gi] (= qgi) beggar

1670

[hng] weighing equipment, (= hngliang) weigh,


measure, judge
[mo] cat; xingmo panda; motuyng owl

1664
1665
1666

[lio] lioku vast, extensive; Lionng (a province)


[w] ( wwa) baby
[ki] kig song of triumph
[hun] worry, anxiety, disaster; hunbng fall ill

1671

(F)

1672

1673

(F)

1674

1675

1676

(F)

(F)

1677
1678

[mo] moyo stoop, crouch


[chu] second Earthly Branch, a clown in an opera, <faily
name>; (F) chulu ugly, disgraceful, scandalous
[to] great waves
[nun] warm up, (= wnnun) warm; nunhuo nice
and warm
[li] slide, sneak away
[li] swift current of water
[gu] pot, wok, frying pan; guti pot sticker
[ni] what?, how?; wknih have no alternative
[f] (= chngf) punish, (= fkun) penalty
[sh] pick up from the ground, ten (= sh); shushi put
in order
[sh] shj climb stairs

1679

1680

[nng] dense, thick, concentrated; nngd consistency

1681

(F)
(F)

1682

(F)

[mi] vein, pulse; shnmi mountain range


[m] mm lovingly

1683

[su] lock

1684

(F)
(F)

1685

1686

[chu] stinking
[xi] sniff, smell
[fng] perfume, (= fngxing) fragrant; fnglng age
(when speaking of a young woman)

1687

[chu] hang down, droop; chizh vertical, perpendicular

1688

[zhu] clutch, grasp, catch; zhu mcng to play "hideand-seek"

1689

1693

(F)

1694

1695

(F)

1690
1691
1692

[jin] key; jinpn keyboard (piano or typewriter)

[ln] (= lnj) neighbor

[hu] huf recover, restore


[m] nurse
[kn] cut, chop, hack; knchi cut firewood
[ji] ( jish) drive, fly, sail; loji excuse me...
[gng] respect; gnghxnx Happy New Year
[i] get close to, be next to, in sequence
[i] suffer
[hu] misfortune

1696

[Co] <family name>

1697

[c] cxing kindly; c'i love, kindness; cbi


mercy

1698

[du] (= fdu, = chndu) shiver, tremble

1699

[qun] spring, (= pnqun) fountain; yunqun


source

1700

[ln] zhnln exhibition; yuln go sightseeing

1701

(F)

1702

1703

(F)

1704
1705

[o] bay, inlet (used in place names); Aomen;


[zng] (F) dirty
[zng] (F) xnzng heart
[tng] sore, painful
[tng] copper (Cu); qngtng bronze
[xi] (= xich) shame, shy; xiku feel ashamed

1706

[dng] shelves; dng'n files, archives


(F) [dng] m dngzi target of scolding; lujidng
logical data files

1707

(F)

1708

1708

1710

1713

(F)
(F)
(F)

1714

[g] gj estimate, guess


[g] gyi secondhand clothes

1715

[bo] womb, placenta; xbo cell

1716

1717

(F)

1718

1719

1711
1712

1720

[po] throw; poq abandon; pomo drop anchor


[mio] seedling, young plant, vaccination; humio
flame
[hu] yhu uncertain
[huo] mhuo perplex
[fi] (=) fat, fertile, (=) fertilizer; fizo soap
[q] qzh drive out, expel
[w] nest; wpeng shack
[k] (=) pants

[bng] handle
[ku] wide; gungku vast; kunku broad;
lioku extensive
[d] <family name>; djun cuckoo, azalea; dju
stop, cut off
[qn] ( qnlo) diligent, hardworking
[zhu] boat, ship

1721

[mo] (= mozi) hat, headgear, cap

1724

(F)

(F)

1725

(F)

[chn] meditation, Zen, Dhyana


[shn] shnrng abdicate

1726

[k] <archaic> stalk, branch, <family name>

1727

(F)

1728

1729

1733

(F)

1734

1735

[b] suddenly; bb vigorous

1737

(F)

1738

(F)

[chu] chip, counter, prepare, plan

1739

1740

1741

(F)

1722
1723

1730
1731
1732

1736

1742
1743
1744
1745
1746

[m] mno agate; My Maya


[ch] remove, take away, withdraw, evacuate
[pn] frequently; pnl frequency

[li] lif radish; Wnli Brunei


[kn] may, endure; bkn can't stand; nnkn
intolerable
[cn] inch
[i] grief; sorrowful; iqi entreat, implore
[xing] bear, <family name>; xingmo panda
[f] belly, stomach, abdomen; hinterland
[chng] taste
[qio] knock, strike; qio mn knock on a door;
qio lu beat a gong

[xn] patrol; xnsh make a tour of inspection


[do] (= doqi) steal; qingdo robber

[ku] button up; nikur button; kuzi knot,


button
[ch] pond, <family name>, (= chtng) pool;
yuyngch swimming pool; dinch battery
[qin] shallow, light
[chi] firewood; huchi match; chiyu diesel oil
[i] dust, angstrom; Aj Egypt
[ji] marry (referring to a woman)
[mi] <classifier for small objects, coins, etc.>
[x] scarce, watery; xfn rice porridge, rice soup

1747
1748
1749

[dio] vulture, (= diok) carve, engrave; fdio


relief sculpture
[yn] (= toyn, = ynw) detest; ynfn
(F) boring
[yn] (= yn) ynyn weak and weary thrugh illness
melon, gourd; xgu watermelon; shgu
[gu]
idiot; hunggua cucumber

1753

(F)

1754

(F)

1750
1751
1752

1755

[shu] longevity; shumng life-span


[di] fall, tumble
[ch] pull, tear, chat
[dng] director; gdng antique

[jn] brocade; shjn fancy; sshjn assorted


vegetables
[jin] reflect, mirror, inspect, examine, take as a lesson,
(F) ancient bronze mirror, warning, object lesson; jindng
appraise; jijin draw lessons from
[shu] brush, to brush, to paint, swish
[shu] shuxun choose, pick, select; shubi
white, pale, brush over

1756

1757

(F)

[q] walk fast, hurry, (= qxing) tend, incline to;


qsh tendency

1758

[jun] contribute, relinquish, tax

1761

(F)

1762

(F)

[b] poke, turn, stir; bzhng set a clock; b


dinhu dial a phone

1763

[xn] qinxn modest

1764

(F)

1765

(F)

[pi] compensate, pay for, lose money; pi bshi


apologize

1766

[z] appearance, gesture, (= zsh, = zti) posture

1767

(F)

[qin] move, change; binqin changes; qinji


yield to

1768

1759
1760

1769
1770

[o] ( jio'o) proud, arrogant


[gun] gunch carry out; ygun consistent
[din] hall, palace

[t] kick; t zqi play football

[l] mulititude, <family name>; lmng daybreak


[j] sacrifice; jq sacrificial utensil
[d] drip, drop

1771
1772
1773
1774
1775
1776
1777

1778

1779

(F)

1781

(F)
(F)

1783
1784
1785
1786
1787

[hung] flustered, confused; hungmng in a flurry


[bin] whip
[mng] mngmng vast, boundless and indistinct
[fng] meet
[t] butcher, kill
[kn] knchng insect; Knmng

[bi] (= bish) cypress


Bln Berlin
[B]
[b] (=) hungb the bark of a cork tree, golden
cypress
sail, move along quickly (speaking fo vehicles), (=
(F) [sh]
jish) drive

1780

1782

[x] make a surprise attack, carry on as before

[f] fnf tell, instruct; zhfu enjoin, tell


[zh] to plant; zhw plant
[j] fear, dread
[ni] nikur button, knob, handle, tie
[ji] mnji quick, agile; qngji nimble, spry
[zhn] irrigation ditch; Shnzhn (place name)

[shng] xshng sacrifice; shngkou beasts of


burden
gnzng follow closely; shzng be missing;
(F) [zng]
zngj trace

1788

(F)

[cng] crowd; cngsh series of books; cngln


jungle

1789

(F)

[m] shm desert; mrn apathetically

1790

1791

1792

[ru] jinru sharp pointed, acute; rul sharp, keen


[l] lba musical wind instrument; lma lama
[l] lla drip (water/etc.); hul sound of
rustling/crashing/etc.
[l] hlzi saliva; zhl harangue, shoot off the
mouth
[qin] heaven; qindo ways of heaven, natural law;
qinkn heaven and earth, the universe
[gn] (S) dry, hollow

1793
1794
1795

(F)
(F)

[hu] suddenly
[sh] moist
[zhng] open the eyes

1796

[z] zx careful
[zi] young animal
[z] zjin burdens, responsibility

1797

[cho] make noise


[cho] chochao make noise

1798

1800

(F)

1801

1802

1803

1809

(F)
(F)
(F)

(F)

1810

1811

1812

(F)

1813

[xi] evil, <interrogative sentence final particle>


[y] (= y) <interrogative particle>

1814

[cu] brittle, crisp; gncu simply; qngcu clear;


curu fragile

1815

[zo] rotten; zogo bad luck! zota waste, spoil

1816

1817

(F)

1799

1804
1805
1806
1807
1808

[yu] long, drawn-out, leisurely; yuji age-old


[gu] gulley, trench
[m] ink stick, (= mshu) ink; Mz (a philosopher)
[chun] string together, bunch, cluster; yngruchun
sheep meat kebab
[j] all; jlb club
[j] together
[to] pottery; toc ceramics
[gng] gngxin contribute
[hn] hnshn from head to foot, all over
[yng] win
[p] flatulence, fart, nonsence, rubbish, (= pgu) buttocks
[ch] gallop, speed, spread; chmng well-known
[bng] stick, bat, excellent; bngqi baseball
[p] <classifier for horses, mules, bolts of cloth, etc.>;
sn p m three horses
[pn] ( pncu) piece together; pnyn; pnxi
spell, transliterate
[hng] permanent

[bn] dress up as, disguise as; put on an expression


[xin] xinhu virtuous and dutiful (woman); xinrn
virtuous person

1818

[sh] decoration, dress up, impersonate

1819

(F)
(F)

1820

1821

[chn] to wind, tie up, tangle, bother

1822

(F)
(F)

1823

(F)

[n] (= ndng) draft; bn comparison; mn


imitate

1824

[z] zwi flavor; zzhng grow

1829

(F)
(F)

1830

(F)

[fng] sew
[fng] seam, crack

1831

[bo] full (after meal)

1834

(F)

(F)

1835

(F)

[c] book; shuc handbook; dtc atlas


{Compare with l beautiful and png friend}

1836

[pn] pnt traitor

1837

1838

[xio] xioxing portrait


[Xio] <family name>
[x] splendid, (= jx) bright, brilliand; Kngx
Zdin Kangxi dictionary (1716 A.D.)

1839

1841

(F)
(F)
(F)

1842

[b] green jade, bluish green; dark green; dark blue;


Xub "7up", "Sprite"

1843

[h] (= hzi) box

1825
1826
1827
1828

1832
1833

1840

[chng] repay, (= pichng) compensate, pay for


[chi] take apart, dismantle
[c] collquial excrete

[sh] absorb, photograph; pish take a picture

[hi] hey
[zh] yzh intention
[chung] rush, charge
[h] zhh congratulate; qngh celebrate
[cu] emerald green; cunio kingfisher

[ji] rob, disaster


[f] pat, soothe, foster; fm stroke
[w] dig, excavate

[lin] smelt, refine, temper metal; dunlin exercise


[xin] xinf constitution; xinbng military police
[mio] temple

[y] yuy friendship

1845

(F)
(F)

1846

(F)

[png] swift-running horse


[Fng] <family name>

1847

[hun] (= jiohuan) call out

1853

(F)
(F)
(F)

(F)
(F)

1854

[bi] upright stone tablet (monument, etc); mbi


tombstone

1855

[h] breathe out (mouth open), scold; hqin yawn

1844

1848
1849
1850
1851
1852

1856
1857
1858
1859

[ch] chling reserves; cnch memory

[tn] corrupt; tnxn greedy


[w] lie down; wsh bedroom
[y] wing
[ro] harass, bother, trouble; rolun disturb
[xi] upper part of side of person's body, coerce
[gu] kneel

[tin] sweet; tinci beet

[s] (F) sprinkle


[xin] xinr respectful, deferential; (F) xinrn
alarmed, surprised, shocked, frightened, cold
table, chart, manual, music score, (= pxi)
(F) [p]
compose (music etc.)
(used in names)
[sh]
[su] msu stroke, caress

1861

(F)

1862

1863

(F)

1864

[f] (= fgi) cover; dinf subvert; (S) fnf


repeatedly, again and again

1865

[lng] lnglng clever and nimble

1860

1866

1867

[nu] nu graceful (woman)


[g] pavilion, cabinet
[yng] usual, ordinary; Zhngng Doctrine of the Golden
Mean
[png] roc (a giant mythical bird)

[hu] marquis, <family name>


[m] slip something off, colloquial wipe
[m] apply, smear, brush/wipe off, exclude, play (cards/etc.);
mb cloth, rag; msh obliterate
[m] daub, plaster, skirt, bypass

1868

[L] <family name>; gl calabash

1869

(F)
(F)

1870

(F)

[zng] zngh synthesize


[zng] heddle

1871

1872

(F)

[yn] faint, swoon; tuyn dizzy


[yn] dizzy, faint, halo; hngyn blush

1873

[ln] block the way

1878

(F)

1879

1880

1881

[ln] <archaic> beautiful jade

1883

(F)

1884

(F)

[ch] (= chr) shame, humiliation; kch shameful;


wch shameless

1874
1875
1876
1877

1882

[i] zhng'i get in the way; fng'i hinder

[qi] mound, grave; qilng hills; shqi dune

[rn] ( rnsho) burn; rnlio fuel


[chng] prosperous
[tn] swallow, gulp down, annex; tnm embezzle
[xin] suspicion, dislike
[D] <family name>
[y] pawn, detain; ysng send under escort; yyn
rhyme
[sh] (= shtou) tongue
{Compare with g ancient}

[w] fog; ynw smoke, mist


[mn] prolonged, graceful

[gu] (F) (= guzi) cabinet; guti counter;


zhnggu shopkeeper
[j] jli tree of the willow family,large tree good for
making furniture/etc.

1885

1886

(F)

1887

[xu] bxu to exploit


[xio] qixio cut

1888

[q] qnq relative; xi-q joy and sorrow

1889

[gn] pole
[gn] (F) shaft

1890

[yn] rock, cliff; ynsh rock; shyn sandstone;


rngyn melted rock = lava

1891

[wi] hey, hello, (= wiyng) feed, raise

[tn] spread out, unfold, take a share in, vendor's stall

1892

[rng] throw, toss; rngqi throw a ball (compare with


jiqiu catch a ball)

1893

[sh] shsh pass away, die; xiosh fade away,


elapse

1894

[dn] dnshng be born; Shngdnji Christmas

1895

(F)
(F)

1896

1897

[shung] shunglng bright, clear, frank;


lingshung pleasantly cool
[cu] <family name>; cuwi rocky mound, otwering;
cuwi lofty, towering

1898

1903

(F)

1904

1899
1900
1901
1902

1905
1906
1907

[xun] hang, unresolved, worry; xuny cliff

[tng] royal court


[cu] gather together, happen by chance
[ch] idiotic; infatuation
[pn] basin, tub, pot; pnd basin (of land)
[y] imperial; (F) fngy defense; dy resist
[k] (= cnk) cruel, <slang> cool
[i] Chinese mugwort; irng moxa
[y] yuny resentment

[i] <interjection indicating


sentiment/sympathy/disappointment> oh!
[i] yes?
lolao <colloquial> maternal grandmother
[lo]
[m] <archaic> old lady
[lng] (= lngzi) cage, coop
(F) [lng] lngzho shroud, envelop
[din] jolt, fall, summit; dindo turn upside down

1909

(F)

1910

(F)

[xi] ( xidi) carry, take along; xishu hand in


hand

1911

[ku] ( cnku) ashamed

1912

1913

1914

1915

[m] jngm solemn and quiet, <family name>;


Mhnmd Mohammed
[shn] a fan, slap, <classifier for doors etc.>; y shn
mn
[shn] to fan, slap, incite
[y] <family name>; fragrant; elegant; (F) luxuriant;
yuy melancholy

1908

[yn] marriage; hnyn marriage, realated by marriage

[fn] fragrance; fnfng fragrant; Fnln Finland

1916

(F)

1917

[zhng] terrified, panic-stricken


[zhng] fzhng stare blankly

1918

[xn] rush pith


[xn] ynxn core

1919

[sh] (= losh) mouse, rat; shnin year of Rat =


1st year

1920
1921

(F)

1922

1923

1926

(F)

1927

1928

1929

1930

[m] herd, tend; mchng grazing land, pasture;


mmn herdsman, govern the people
[r] Confucianism, scholar; Rji Confucianists;
Rln (Confucian) scholars

1931

[ki] kngki generous, vehement

1932

[jn] tendon, muscle, fiber; nojn brains, mind, head;


xingpjn rubber band

1933

[zh] pillar, post, cylinder

1934

[bi] low, inferior, modest, humble; bib base,


despicable, vulgar; bili despicable

1935

[yn] to swallow
[yn] pharynx
[y] wy sob, whimper

1936

(F)

[dn] <loan> ton, slang one thousand yuan (RMB)

1937

(F)

[chng] worm, insect; pchng reptile; shchng


bookworm

1938

(F)
(F)

[shng] (= shngzi, = shngsu) rope, cord

1924
1925

1939

[zh] throw, cast

[ji] jizhng rectify; jichn get entangled


[jing] binjing border region; Xnjing
[yu] say
{Compare with r sun}
[f] shfu master (term of respect)
[po] (= pozi) robe, gown
[chn] (= zuchn) lip; chngo lipstick
[s] revive, come to; Ys Jesus
[png] hold, carry in both hands; pngzhe y g
xgu carrying a watermelon
[gu] cross out, evoke, gang up with
[gu] gudang shady deal/business

[ch] chfng kitchen

1940

1941

(F)

[zhng] rise, go up
[zhng] swell

1942

[zhu] to wrinkle; zhuwn wrinkles

1945

(F)

(F)
(F)

1946

(F)

1943
1944

1947

[yun] injustice; yunwang do wrong, treat unjustly

[p] plo exhausted, fatigued; pjun tired


[d] gamble, bet
[ro] rich, plentiful, have mercy, give extra

[kung] (= kungsh) ore; ( kungshn) mine;


kungw mineral
[chng] smooth, free; shchng happy, worry-free;
(F) chngkui cheerfull, carefree; chngtng unimpeded,
unblocked

1948

[mi] coal; miyu kerosene

1949

[wn] (= shuwn) wrist; tuwnzi ankle

1950

(F)

1951

1952

(F)

1953
1954
1955
1956

1957

1958

1959

(F)
(F)

1960
1961
1962
1963

[pn] spurt, spray; d pnt sneeze


[pn] crop, in season, high season
[qin] piqin send, dispatch; xinqin sent in
advance
[ho] hodng vast, mighty; hod huge
[wng] old man, <family name>
[z] zxn consult, seek advice from
[bio] dartlike weapon; bobio bodyguard
[png] pngm screen
[bng] bngx hold breath
[bng] bngyng with fear and trepidation
[zhng] second, middle (of 3 months or brothers);
zhngchn 2nd month of spring, middle of spring;
zhngxing 2nd eldest brother
[x] exclamation of surprise, Alas!, My! (= xx) sound of
giggling
[fn] fnf tell, instruct
[min] cotton
[mng] eldest son, first month of season, <family name>
[chng] prop up, support, keep up, fill to bursting
[l] (= lzi) stove, oven, furnace

1964

[xi] leak, drain, divulge, release


[y] yt garrulous and disorderly, easygoing

1965

[zng] (= mizng) bury (the dead); zngl funeral

1966

[su] search; suj collect; such search;


susu look for

1967

[tin] add, increase

1968

[zn] obey; znshu comply with; znzho obey,


conform to

1969

[d] <archaic> enlighten, guide

1970

(F)

[wi] false, fake; xwi false, hypocritical; wib


counterfeit money

1971

[zho] omen, million, mega

1975

(F)

1976

1977

[xi] become blind, pointlessly; xizi blind person

1980

(F)
(F)

1981

(F)

[bo] shell, peel


[b] bxu exploitation

1982

1983

(F)

1984

1985

1986

1987

1972
1973
1974

1978
1979

1988

[qin] owe, lack, lean forward; hqin yawn


[ling] (= yunling) forgive
[yn] (= ynr) burning hot, (= fyn) inflammation
[fn] qfn atmosphere
[zhng] cane, caning, flogging, (= shuzhng) staff,
walking stick

[dio] (= dioy) to fish; diogu fishing hook


[chng] intestine
[p] drape over one's shoulders, open

[sh] (= fsh) swear; shyn oath


[zhun] gain, profit
[zun] cheat
[y] labor, required service, (= zhny) battle; bngy
military service; ny enslave
[po] soak, bubble; poci pickle; pom foam
[po] spongy
[n] go against, disobey, be contrary to; Hany
n yn cdin Reverse Chinese-English dictionary
[i] short (not tall), low; izi dwarf
[dio] hang, lift up, let down with rope, crane, mourn, revoke

1989
1990
1991
1992

(F)

[tin] fill, stuff, fill in (form)


[ji] good, fine, praise
[zh] lzh candle

[sh] dsh tall building, mansion


(F) [Xi] Ximn Amoy

[x] evening, sunset; xyng the setting sun

1994

[shui] shuiru weak, feeble; shuilo decrepit;


shuitu fail, decline
[cu] dngcu rank, grade

1995

[y] fluid, (= yt) liquid

1996

1997

[p] fall forward; dinp fall (down), fall into disgrace


[p] (F) prn servant

1998

2000

(F)
(F)
(F)

2001

[chng] to present; chngxin appear; chngbo


submit a report

2002

[ng] (= ngshu) hold one's head high, high, soaring

2007

(F)

2008

2009

2010

2011

(F)

1993

1999

2003
2004
2005
2006

2012
2013

[Xu] <family name>

[mi] step, stride, old


[ch] (= ych) tooth
[jn] (= jnshn) cautious, sincerely

[cho] copy search and confiscate; choxi transcribe


[m] mmin fill the air; mb make up for, remedy
[k] (= kuk) thirsty; kwng thirst for, long for
[t] (= tzi) ladder, (= lut) stairs
[sh] sparse, scanty; shhu carelessness
[ho] (= xioho, = hofi) consume; hozi
mouse, rat
[dng] open (one's eyes) wide, stare, glare; dngyn
stare, stare down
[ch] pich reject; bch refute, denounce, reject,
chz denounce
[ku] brag; kud exaggerate
[d] stem of a fruid; ynd cigarette butt; ynd
clitoris
[jin] (= jindo) scissors

[q] marry (a woman), take a wife, get married

2021

(F)

2022

(F)

[sh] (=) brake, stop


[ch] chn instant, split second

2023

[jng] bright; shujng (rock) crystal; jngtgun


transistor; jngyng sparkling

2024

[zhng] inner feelings, middle; zhngxn wholehearted;


w dng y zhng indifferent, unconcerned

2025
2026

(F)

2027

[t] make rubbings from stone/bronze


[tu] open up, develop

2028

[zhu] tall, <family name>, (= zhuyu) outstanding

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020

2029
2030
2031

(F)

2033

2034

(F)

2036
2037
2038

[f] <archaic> not


[Yo] <family name>
[zhi] debt
[tu] appropriate, ready
[l] bli glass; lil coloured glaze
[to] pull out, fish out (from pocket, etc.), dig

[f] (= pfu) skin; fs color of skin


[l] deer

[zhng] disease; jinwngzhng amnesia


(F) [zhng] zhngji crucial reason, obstruction of the
bowels
sugar, (= tnggu) candy; tngc sweet and
[tng]
sour
by the emperor himself, respect, (= qnpi) admire;
(F) [qn]
qnchi imperial envoy

2032

2035

[hn] hnj mark, trace, vestige; shnghn scar

[min] unbroken; sponge


[min] soft
[l] <used as for sound value>
[l] (= Yngl) Britittish mile
[yu] guide, lead, lure
[k] withered, dried up, dull
[xi] have a rest; jinxi intermission
[s] model, mould; slio plastic; sxing statue
[fng] (= fng'i) hinder, impede, harm; bfng might

as well, no harm in...


[y] short name for Henan; yuy hesitate

2042

2043

(F)

2044

2045

(F)

2039
2040
2041

2046
2047

[y] press down, restrain; yzh restrain, inhibition


[shn] shnh coral; shnhjio coral reef
[gn] () rod, stick; guign walking stick
[jn] enter, advance, promote, a dynasty (265-420), <family
name>, short name for Shanxi province
[ln] pour, drench; bngqiln ice cream
[ln] strain, filter
[ln] shlnln drenched
[yu] (= xyu) happy, joyful, delighted

[dn] dnhu honest, sincere; Dnhung (in


Gansu)
[du] ancient vessel
beauteous, amorous, (= ynl) gorgeous,
(F) [yn]
respendent; xinyn bright (color)
[b] bli glass

2049

2050

2051

[rng] shout, yell


[rng] rngrang shout
[mng] (= mngm) blind, unable to distinguish;
mngdng act blindly

2052

[bin] distinguish, differentiate

2053

2054

[g] kudzu vine, grass-cloth


[G] <family name>
[hn] rarely, seldom
[han] xhan rare, cherish

2055

(F)

2048

2056
2057
2058

[z] strike, smash, break

[j] (carpenter's square); jzhn matrix


[yng] yuyng swim
[zhi] residence, house
[di] borrow, (= dikun) lend, loan

2059

[bng] upper arm, (= jinbng) shoulder; chbng


wing;
[png] swell
[png] pnggung urinary bladder

2060

[ni] hold between the fingers, knead, fabricate

2061

(F)

[jng] (= jngxing) neck


[gng] bgngr nape

2062

[jin] put into practice; trample

2063

(F)

2064

(F)

[g] merchant
[Ji] <family name>

2065

(F)

[jio] sedan chair; jioch car

2066

[b] (= bzi) neck

[p] spleen; pqi (bad-) temper


[bo] (= boli), fort, fortress; chngbo castle
[b] (= bzi) walled town/village (used mostly in place
names)
[p] walled town/village (used mostly in place names)

2067

2068

[jio] graceful, delicate; jionn tender and lovely

2070

(F)

2071

(F)

[xio] deep and clear water; xios natural &


unrestrained

2072

(F)

(F)

[c] give, grant, gift (from superior to inferior)

[sng] praise, song, ode; gsng sing the praises of

2078

(F)

2079

2080

(F)

2081

2082

(F)

2069

2073
2074
2075
2076
2077

2083

2084

(F)

2085

[Zh] Zhjingshng Zhejiang Province


[li] bad, inferior, minor

[tu] tulu top (spiraling toy); tuluy gyroscope


[x] store, save, grow; jx save; chx deposit
[fn] grave, tomb

[lu] (= lushu) leak out


[Hng] Hngzhu
[mo] straw, thatch; ( moco) grass for thatching;
bimo edible wild grass
[zhun] brick
[shn] wink; shnjin a moment, in the twinkling of an
eye
[h] crane (emblem of longevity)
[b] monarch; fb restore a dethored monarch or old
order
[p] kip open up, start
[y] to fish; ymn fisherfolk; yy fishery
[gui] clever, (= guigui) obedient, well-behaved

2086
2087
2088
2089
2090

[b] overlord, tyrant, dominate; bzhn sieze


[xing] (= xingzh) assist, help

[cho] stir fry, saute; chofn fried rice; chomin


"chow mein", fried noodles
mute, dumb, hoarse
(F) [y]
[y] <interjection indicating surprice, same as >, ah, oh
riverside, river mouth (mostly used in place names),
[p]
<family name>

[bng] cake; bnggn cracker, cookie

2093

(F)
(F)
(F)

2094

(F)

2095

[dng] a nail, to follow closely


[dng] to nail
[y] plead, (= hy) appeal
[x] xx panting, puffing hard
[y] <interjection "Whoa!">

2096

(F)
(F)

2091
2092

2097

[x] sacrificial animal; xshng sacrifice


[tn] (= hitn) beach, sands

[x] tin (Sn)


[zng] (= zngsng) give as a present
[hng] hubbub
[hng] fool, coax
[hng] horseplay

2098

2099

(F)

[lng] bell

2100

(F)

[wn] stupid, stubborn, naughty; wnqing indomitable;


wng obstinate

2101

[zh] propagate, (= fnzh) breed, reproduce, colonize;


zhmnd colony
[shi] gshi skeleton

2102

2106

(F)

2107

2108

(F)

2103
2104
2105

[yng] hawk, eagle


[Ci] <family name>, sacrificial tortoise
[cu] urge, hurry, hasten
[f] frng cottonrose hibiscus, lotus
[bn] bnbn <archaic> refined, urbane
[pn] (= ) put/piece together, spell, risk life
[pn] abandon and ignore
[gu] track, rail, course, path; gudo orbit

2109

(F)

2110

2111
2112

(F)

2113

2114

2115

(F)

2116
2117

2118

(F)

2119
2120
2121
2122
2123

[y] Oh!
[yo] <interjection indicating exhortation>
[yo] ouch
[qin] apology; doqin apologize; boqin regret,
be sorry
[dng] stare at
[shu] very large; shushxuwi Master's degree
[r] offend, ask for (trouble); r mfn excite or invite
trouble
[q] (= qyu) contract, legal agreement
[qi] qiku long separation, to be separated from one
another
[y] make a fool of, dupe, (= ychn) foolish, stupid
[shui] commander in chief, graceful
[hung] afraid, fearful, (= hungkng) alarmed, anxious,
uneasy, (= yuhung, (= hunghu) apprehensive;
scared, alarmed
[hn] (= yhn) regret, sorry
[ln] lazy, sluggish; shn lnyo stretch oneself
[y] aunt (mother's sister), sister-in-law (wife's sister)

[chun] (= chunq) pant, gasp for breath; qchun


asthma
beast, wild animal, (= yshu) beastly, crude,
(F) [shu]
uncivilized
path between fields, (= mshng) strange;
[m]
mshngrn stranger

2124

2125

(F)

[li] (= dli) hunt, chase; liren hunter; ligu


hound

2126

[sng] lofty (mountain); Sngshn mountain in Hnn

2128

(F)
(F)

2129

[q] cold, chilly, sad; qling desolate; qcn


wretched

2130

[hu] (= hulng) throat, larynx

2127

2131
2132

[zho] cover, hood, overalls, cage

[yn] salt
[j] starve, be hungry, famine; j' hunger, starvation

[yn] (= ynhu) banquet


[qing] cavity, tune, pitch, accent, speech

2135

2136

2137

(F)

2138

2139

2144

(F)
(F)
(F)

2145

2146

2147

2148

2150

2151

(F)

2152

2153

2154

2155

[g] (= gyng) hire, employ; gzh employer;


gyun employee
[wn] draw, pull, roll up; wnji rescue; (F) pull
(cart/carriage); lament

2156

[min] ( shumin) sleep; dngmin hibernate

2133
2134

2140
2141
2142
2143

2149

2157

[hn] writing brush, writing


[x] (= xgi) knee
[lng] hill, mound, tomb; Shsnlng the 13 Ming tombs
[fng] bee, wasp; mfng honeybee; fngfng
beehive
[lu] patrol; luji <loan> logic
[p] chop, split
[p] divide, split
[lin] honest, clean, low-priced
[gu] bind, wrap; bogu bundle, package
[jio] severe, (= jio'o) arrogant, proud
[fn] fnzi dealer; fnmi deal in, traffic, peddle
[hu] paint, draw; huhu drawing, painting
[y] (= yb) precipice, cliff
[chn] time, day, occasion, celestial bodies, 2-hr period;
xngchn star
[y] tiny edge of world; shngy career,
profession
[g] ancient Chinese weapon similar to dagger axe or
halberd
[kng] hole, pit
[zh] cover, hide, block
[qn] capture, catch, seize
[mn] quite, very, fierce, (= ymn) barbaric;
mnhng unreasonable
[zh] bizh <Chinese medicine> root of Dahurian
Angelica
[d] stop up, block, <classifier for walls>, <family name>;
y d qing a wall

[wn] kiss, animal's mouth, muzzle, lips

2158

[xio] filial, filial piety, mourning

2159

[b] at anchor, moor, berth


[p] hp lakes

2160

[s] rip, tear; shu tear apart


[x] tx arouse attention, help and guide

2161

[hng] (= cihng) rainbow


[jing] <colloquial> rainbow

2162

2164

(F)

2165

[ji] (= jil) do one's utmost, (= jijn) use up,


exhaust

2166

[wi] crooked, askew, inclined, devious

2167

2168

2169

[k] <classifier for trees, cabbages, etc.>; y k sh a


tree
[p] (F) (= ps) simple
[Pio] <family name>
[p] psh Chinese hackberry
[p] pdo a type of long knife

2170

[xi] machinery, (= jxi) mechanical; qxi apparatus

2173

2174

2175

[k] knock against; ktu kowtow; kpng collide


with
[gu] few, scant, tasteless; gufu widow;
chnmguyn habitually silent

2176

(F)

2163

2171
2172

2177
2178

2179

(F)

2180

[x] chat, (= xsh, = xsh) narrate, relate


[cu] (= chncu) pure, unadulterated
[min] make an effort; minqing force; with difficulty

[shn] cautious, careful

[x] (= xli) brook, small stream


[l] mli jasmine; mli huch jasmine tea
[bn] spot, speck, stripe; bnm zebra

[xn] follow, abide by; xnhun circulate, cycle


[zhn] chop
[l] take by force, (= ldu) pillage, plunder; (
lgu) sweep past
[l] sweep/brush past, snatch away
[L] <family name>
[x] (= xr) former times, the past; wngx in the past

2181

2182

2183

[ju] rank of nobility, peerage; jush knight;


jush ynyu jazz
[hu] emblem, badge, insignia; nhu shng Anhui
Province

2184

[c] magnetism; cti magnet; cdi (magnetic) tape

2185
2186

[jio] (= jioq, = jiaowi) suburbs, outskirts

[f] bow (one's head), bend down; fchng dive;


fkn look down at, overlook
talk, <family name>; tinfngytn the story of
(F) [tn]
Arabian Nights

[dng] ancient cooking vessel, tripod

2188

[f] stroke, touch lightly, whisk, flick, go against (somebody's


wishes); fxio before daybreak
[b] (=) assist

2189

2187

2190
2191

[n] I, we; nmen we (refers to speakers only)


[so] (= dso) elder brother's wife, sister-in-law
[p] kerchies, (= shup) handkerchief
[g] What?, Huh?
[g] How come?, Why?
[?g] O.K., Agreed!

2192

2193

[dng] freeze

2196

(F)

(F)

2197

(F)

2198

[p] splash, spoll, sprinkle; rude and unreasonable;


hupo lively
[jing] artisan
[jiang] mjiang carpenter; tijing blacksmith

2199

[tng] light boat

2202

(F)

2203

(F)

[c] (= csu) toilet


[si] (= mosi) latrine

2204

2194
2195

2200
2201

[wn] gentle, (= wnzhun) tactful, agreeable


[tng] parasol tree; tngyu tung oil
[lu] (= lutuo) camel

[qin] qinx, qinxn modest


[j] (= chngj) prostitute, <traditional> female performer
[p] ps bodhisattva, benevolent being

[f] capture, (= fl) prisoner, captive

2205

2206

(F)

[lng] mountain, (= shnlng) mountain range, ridge;


jnlng high mountains

2207

[y] fork, bifurcation; ytou girl, maid, servant, salve girl

2208

2209

[Xing] short name for Hnn; Xing Jing a river in


Hunan

2210

[tng] bucket

2211

2212

[sng] (= sngzi) throat, (= sngyn) voice, (=


sngmnr) larynx, voice
[hung] bright, brilliant; Dnhung Shk Gansu
Caves

2213
2214

(F)

2215

2216

(F)

2217

[y] resolute; yl willpower; jiny determined

[wi] fear, respect; wij dread; wisu flinch

[bo] <family name>, (= boy) abalone


[l] grain, granule; lz <terminology in physics> particle
[xing] lane, alley
[hng] hngdo tunnel (in a mine)
[lin] flag as shop sign; (F) curtain
[t] bald, bare, blunt, incomplete
[l] (F) (= lyu) 12th lunar month, cured
(fish/meat/etc.); lchng sausage; Xl Greece
[x] dried meat

2218

2219

(F)

2220

2221

(F)

(F)

[bng] bind, tie; bngji kidnap

(F)

(F)

[n] <family name>, (= dunn) clue

2222
2223
2224
2225
2226
2227
2228
2229
2230

[cng] warehouse
[gui] (= guiwn) turn, change direction, limp, swindle,
abduct; guign walking stick

[sh] (= shzi) what? (= shnme)


[jin] recommend, <archaic> grass, straw

[s] musical instrument with 25 strings


[lng] hall
[y] (= yzi) duck; Tng loy Donald Duck
[m] (= fngm) honey; mfng honeybee
[zhn] zhndun diagnose; zhnsu clinic
[png] shed, shack, canopy; wpeng shack

[xin] lift (a cover, etc.), surge

2232

2233

[x] (= xf) daughter-in-law; tngyngx child


bride

2234

2239

(F)

(F)

(F)

2240

2241

[q] (of roads:) fork, branch, divergent; qsh


discriminate
[su] <classifier for boats, vessels, etc.>; ling su
yuchun two oil tankers

2242

[zh] <traditional> iris; zhma sesame

2243

(F)

[hu] clamor, hubbub, (= xunhu) noise, clamor


[hu] <the sound of clanging, gurgling, etc.>

2244

(F)

[m] sixth of an acre (0.0667 hectares)

2231

2235
2236
2237
2238

[tng] tube; dintng flashlight

[wn] lines, veins, (wood) grain


[mio] second (1/60 of a minute)
[zhn] moisten, soak, touch
[png] (= pngd) colossal, huge
[dn] squat on the heels, stay
[so] (= sodng, = solun) disturb, harass

[qun] ticket, certificate; rchngqun admission


ticket
[xun] gngxun span of an arch

2245

2246

2247

2248

[yn] excessive, over, wanton, lewd, licentious

2253

(F)

(F)

2254

(F)

[g] put
[g] endure

2249
2250
2251
2252

[tng] <classifier for trips, times, rows, etc.>


[tng] (= tng) ford, wade
[jn] piece of cloth; mojn towel; cnjn napkin;
wijn scarf

[hung] lie, prevaricate


[m] quiet; jm lonely
[gun] pour; gungi irrigate; gunm bush
[ln] basket; lnqi basketball
[wng] absurd, rash; wngxingkung paranoia

2255

2256

(F)

[zh] brother's son, nephew; zhn brother's daughter,


neice
[xing] wing of a house, side, railway carriage

2257

[ch] (= chzi) fork, intersection, (= jioch) intersect


[ch] obstruct, jam up
[ch] the distance between thumb and middle minger on an
outstretched hand
[ch] fork, diverge; chl crossroad

2258

[Y] <family name>, small boat


[sh] (=)

2259

[f] fell, cut down, attack

2260

[zi] slaughter, butcher, govern; zig invade and


oppress

2261

2266

(F)

(F)

2267

2268

(F)

[qio] Huqio overseas Chinese; compatriots


abroad

2269

[di] pile up, repeat; ( zhdi) fold

2276

(F)
(F)

(F)
(F)

2277

2278

2262
2263
2264
2265

2270
2271
2272
2273
2274
2275

[mn] hide the truth from


[zhu] yzhu cosmos
[zhng] swollen; zhngli tumor; red and swollen
[q] lacquer, paint; yuq paint; qhi pitch-black
[b] fear, frightening; kngb terror
[w] (= y) <archaic> I, me
[hu] roar, howl

[xio] hxio whistle, scream, whizz


[gun] ( guntou) can; jar
[s] (=s) four, (= sy) wantonly, <archaic> shop
[qn] ( qnzi) skirt
[q] (= kq) cry, weep, (= chuq) sob
[zhng] (= pngzhng) swell, expand
[f] () bestow on; compose; taxes
[o] boil, stew; endure
[o] boil, cook in water
[chn] take advantage of; while; chn jhu take
advantage of an opportunity

2279

2280

2287

(F)

(F)

(F)

2288

[j] (= jli) arrest, detain; jsh restrict; jji


overcautious

2289

[dng] sting, bite; say/ask again, verify

[wa] <sentence final particle like a>


[w] wah! (sound of crying)

2281
2282
2283
2284
2285
2286

2290
2291
2292

2303

2304

(F)

2295
2296
2297
2298
2299
2300
2301

[kn] chngkn, knqi sincere; plead


[g] gf let down, disappoint
[j] jru muscle
[yng] (= yng'r) baby, infant
[y] (= ymo) feather; ymoqi badminton
[gng] <archaic> personally; bend at the waist
[b] execute (kill); qingb execute by shooting

[qng] ( qnglng) fine, sunny; qngtinpl a bolt


from the blue
( my) riddle
(F) [m]
[mi] riddle

2302

2294

[y] ykui delighted

(F)

(F)
(F)
(F)

2293

[hi] hey
[k] ksou cough

[Hui] a river in and


[wng] prosperous, flourishing; vigorous, exuberant
[y] leisure, escape; ny comfortable, leisurely
[qing] beautiful jade; agar
[jing] ginger
[w] (sound of whistling, zooming); wy sob, whimper
[cun] flee, scurry; exile; change wording
[bn] proclaim, (= bnf) promulgate, issue
[xn] firewood, fuel, (= xnshui) salary
[zhi] stockade, camp
[nio]
[su] urine, urinate
[ji] jaw; cheek

2305

[di] dib arrest


[di] catch; mo di losh a cat catching a mouse

2306

[b] fortune telling


[bo] hlubo carrot

2307

[zho] clear, obvious; zhoxu rehabilitate

2308

2309

[gu] scrape; gu hzi shave; (F) (wind) blow


[k] kchi colloquial scrape, sponge on

2310

[wn] wnr just like; wnrn as if; [yun]

2311

(F)

2312

2313
2314

(F)

2315

[chng] chngy propose


[chng] chngyu entertainer

2316

[y] (= my) take a bath; ysh bath/shower room

2319

2320

[png] bitter fleabane, (= pngsng) fluffy, <classifier for


clumps of bamboo, grass, etc.>; pngb vigorous

2321

(F)
(F)

2317
2318

2322
2323
2324
2325
2326
2327

[jn] soak

[zh] (= zhfu) advise, enjoin, urge, exhort


[nng] bag; ggunngnng bulging
[nng] nngchui pork near the pig's nipples
[y] reside, live; ysu residence; fable, allegory
[b] contradict; bch denounce; fnb refute

[g] coo, cluck (bird sounds)


[nu] ( nudong) move; remove
[b] bdu fight, wrestle; mib pulse

[shng] part of the day; noon


[q] canal, ditch, channel; irrigation ditch
[du] pocket, bag
[nn] nnnn mutter
[y] <archaic> smooth; wipe out, raze
[H] name for Shanghai
[jin] inexpensive, cheap, lowly, humble, worthless

2328

[p] qp boldness
[b]
[tu]

2329

[du] rudder; helm; steersman, helmsman

2330

[x] qngx clear, distinct

2331
2332
2333
2334

[jing] stiff; numb; deadlocked; stiff, rigid


[go] pudding, (= dngo) cake
[y] <archaic> descendents, posterity; borderland
[zh] zhx order, sequence

2338

(F)

2339

2340

[bng] be close to; bngwn toward evening, at nightfall

2347

(F)
(F)

2348

[zh] tree-trunk; shuzhdit guarding a tree-trunk


to wait for a rabbit

2349

(F)

2350

2351

(F)

2352

2353

[gng] fishing net rope; guiding principle; program

2354

(F)

2355

(F)

[bn] seashore; bnln to be close to (a body of


water)

2335
2336
2337

2341
2342
2343
2344
2345
2346

[y] ( yko) lean on; rest against; rely on


[t] collapse; sink; calm down
[hung] suddenly, as if
[gu] ( guzi) hook
[cho] choxio ridicule, laugh at; chofng sneer
at, taunt, mock; chonng mock, deride

[y] abundant, affluent; fy rich, wealthy, opulent


[zh] boil, cook
[r] milk, breast; br breast-feed; rlo cheese
[w] do not!
[sh] vertical, perpendicular; vertical stroke ""
[chng] chastise, punish, correct, repress; restrain oneself
[d] look at, observe; md see with one's own eyes

[xi] embroider; embroidered portrait


[yo] ( yom) demon; yoro charming,
enchanting
[y] amazed
[k] (used in transliterations) kfi coffee
[g] gl curry

[ti] foetus, birth, (= lnti) tire (of a wheel)

2356
2357
2358
2359
2360
2361
2362
2363
2364
2365
2366
2367

2368

[gng] to plough, till

(F)
(F)

(F)

(F)

(F)

[cng] (ship) cabin

[ch] sneer

[y] yl amuse, amusement, recreation


[fi] (= tfi) bandit, brigand, robber; fit gangster
[y] wy crow; ypin opium
[wi] stomach; wiku appetite
[zo] rash, impetuous
[sh] (= shzi) lion
[png] bang (sound)
[n] nr girl
[ln] cold; strict; afraid; shiver, tremble with cold or fear

[gu] () tortoise; turtle


jnl fissure (of parched earth)
(F) [jn]
[Qi] Qic Kucha, a historic town at the northern rim of
the Taklamakan Desert
[lu] lut nude; stark-naked; exposed

2373

(F)

2374

(F)

[xin] fiber
[qin] rope for towing boat

2375

[chng] love, bestow favor on

2376

(F)
(F)

2377

2378

(F)

2369
2370
2371
2372

2379
2380

[yn] handsome, beautiful; bright red


[f] <archaic> only, curtesy name
[yo] kiln; () cave dwelling
[tng] dike, (= chtng, = shutng) pool

[lin] ( linzi) chain; zipper; hinge


[gng] arch, cup one hand in other before chest, push with
no hands
[yn] ancient title for government official; (surname)
[ju] dig, excavate
[b] dam; dyke, embankment

2381

(F)

[xi] (= xizhi, = xi'i) narrow

2382

(F)

[mng] engrave, carve; mngk inscription, engrave on


one's mind

2383

[chn] chnp honest, simple, unsophisticated

2386

2387

[shui] swing back and forth, toss, get rid of, leave behind
{Compare with yng use}

2388

[bng] posted list of names, announcement, notice;


example, model
[bng] (=) oar, whip, rod

2389

2396

(F)

2397

2398

2402

(F)

(F)

2403

[x] (= xm) raise (domestiv animals)


[ch] chsheng beast

2404

[x] smashed rice

2405

2406

(F)

2384
2385

2390
2391
2392
2393
2394
2395

2399
2400
2401

[m] wash one's hair; my bathe


[xn] pervasive fragrance
[Pn] <family name>

[yun] shnyun abyss


[xin] xinm envy, admire
[w] wr insult, humiliate
[qng] minister or high official in ancient times
[w] () towering; bald
[xun] make noise; xunh shout loudly
[l] shoes
[hu] (= huzi) monkey
[wng] crooked; pervert; yunwang do wrong, treat
unjustly
[chn] line, to place underneath, lining; chnshn shirt
[pn] border of a field; shore, side, bank
[dng] stool, bench;
[min] remote, long ago; Mindin Burma
[xin] string of musical instrument

[y] overflow; yngy be permeated with


[lu] hug; drag, pull
[lu] hold in the arms

2407

[q] qgi beggar; qto beg

2408

[xn] a period of ten days; shngxn first ten days of a


month

2410

(F)
(F)
(F)

2411
2412
2413
2414
2415
2416

[f] tie up, bind


[cn] cnln splendid, magnificent
[y] chariot; area; yln public opinion
[yn] dyn wild goose
[jun] (= pjun) tired, weary

[chu] reward, payment; chuxi thank with a gift;


bochou reward
tone, charm, appeal, (= yyn) rhyme;
(F) [yn]
ynwn verse

2423

(F)

2425

[su] satisy, fulfil, succeed; suxn fulfill one's desire


[su] bnshnbsu parlysis in half the body

2428

[chng] transparent, clear


[dng] settle
[dng] hungdngdng glistening yellow, golden

2429

2431

(F)
(F)

2432

[bn] stupid; clumsy; cumbersome; heavy, cumbersome

2433

2434

[shi] yoshi key


[ch] spoon
[m] (= mr) foam, froth; pom foam, froth;
tumo saliva

2435

[sng] towering, lofty; alarm, shock; gosng stand tall

2436

(F)

2437

(F)

[jing] sauce, paste, jam; jingyu soy sauce;


hushngjing peanut butter

2417
2418
2419
2420

2430

[mi] wmi lovely; radiant and enchanting


[d] dyke; ( d'n) embankment
[pn] climb; pull down; pndng clamber up
[qi] qitng eavesdrop; doqi steal
[nn] tender, delicate, light, inexperienced

[zhn] scout, reconnoitre; detective


[Shn] Shnxshng Shaanxi Province
[lu] chulu ugly

[ci] step

2438
2439

(F)

[h] kettle, pot, bottle


[fi] kfi coffee
[l] roll; busy; mediocre
[li]
[l]

2441

2443

[yng] itch

2444

(F)

2445

(F)

[k] shell, case


[qio] shell, hard surface

2447

[zhn] (, ) loyal; virgin; ancient fortune-telling

2451

(F)

2452

(F)

2453

[l] lwi reed; hlu gourd


[l]
[g] gbo arm; gbei arm
[g] tickle
[g]

2455

[y] <grammatical particle similar to "">

2456

2457

[j] jliangg backbone


[j] wj ridge of roof

2459

[qi] qijn imprison; qifn prisoner

2460

(F)

[f] assist, complement; fdo coach, tutor; fzh


assist, auxiliary; fyn consonant

2462

(F)

[zhng] account, credit, debt

2449

2463
2464

[b] I, me, my, vulgar; bsh despise, disdain

[mi] mold, mildew; domi have bad luck


[chn] ( ychn) stupid

[yn] huyn flame

[zu] assist
[lio] (= gunlio) official, (= tnglio) colleague

2465

[qu] sparrow
[qio] qiozi freckle
[qio] qiomangyn night blindness

2467

[zhun] write, compose

2468

[shu] play (role/tricks/etc.), play with, gamle, make fun of,


<family name>

2469

(F)

2470

[zhn] () pillow
[jin] pick up, gather, collect

2472

[hn] () culvert; hnyng self-control; conserve

2483

(F)

(F)

2486

(F)

[ku] (dam) burst; break through; collapse; ulcer


[hu]

2487

(F)

(F)

[l] nl slave; lsh official script

2473
2475
2477
2480
2481
2482

2488
2489
2490
2491
2492

[du] stop, pause, tease, play with


[fn] excrement, manure
[mng] mnglng dim moonlight, obscure
[gn] liver
[zhng] evaporate, (= zhngq) steam
[ln] (= fnln) overflow, flood; lnyng abuse
[kui] () chopsticks

[ko] bake, roast, toast


[gng] jar, vat
[gng] bow; bend; gngjin bow and arrow
[tn] deep pool, pond
[kung] vast; to waste time; wilderness

2494

[i] (interjection:) hey; iy; iy


[i]

2495

[jn] ynjn stern; jnlng high mountains

2497

[zho] claw, talon


[zhu] claw, paw, talon

2498

[qi] ( dnqi) timid; cowardly; xiqi shy

2499

2500

[mo] profuse, (= moshng) luxuriant; mom


dense
[mng] awn, beard, arista, spike, sharp point
[wng] miwng awn of wheat

2501

[zh] zht limbs; the Four Limbs; forelimb

2504

2505

[j] lj refuse, garbage


[s] ls refuse, garbage

2506

[y] by analogy; yny metaphor

2503

[do] growing rice, paddy


[t] ( tzi) rabbit

2510

2511

(F)

[jio] hand in, pay


[zhu] silk string attached to an arrow for shooting birds

2512

[do] skip; step; wdo dance

2521

(F)

(F)

2523

2513
2515
2516
2518
2519
2520

2524

(F)

[kung] frame; case; circle

[sho] whistle; chirp; sentry post


[yng] xnyng new and original, novel
[j] chrysanthemum
[k] (sound of coughing or vomiting)
[zhung] adorn oneself; bride's trousseau
[yn] flood; drown
[c] porcelain, china; toc ceramics
[din] shallow water; (F) form sediment; settle; precipitate;
dinfn starch
[l] wax, polish, yellowish, (= lzh) candle
[ju] jju chew
[jio] chew
[jio]

2525

2526

[j] dose

2527

(F)

2529

(F)

[zhu] gallop; bzhu procedure; zhurn


suddenly

2530

[sh] hot weather; (shji) summer vacation

2531

[jn] front of garment, bros. in law; yjn front of Chinese


jacket

2534

2544

(F)
(F)
(F)

(F)

2545

2536
2539
2540
2543

[gung] stroll, ramble, roam

[l] hut, cottage


[png] pnggu apple
[shi] roast in sun
[do] , , mourn, grieve
[mi] no sun; dark; obscure; hidden; to feign
[lng] approach; hold together; comb (hair)
[hn] letter; hnjin correspondence; fnsh (math)
function

2546

(F)

[lng] mnglng dim moonlight; obscure


[lng]

2547

[jio] glue, gum, rubber, stick, sticky

2550

(F)

2551

2552

(F)

(F)

2553
2555
2557
2558
2559

[sh] express, convey;


[png] png on. crack (of rifle/etc.); pngpng pingpong
{Compare with bng soldier}
[fng] satirize, mock
[di] bad, evil, vicious
[hn] dry land; drought
[p] ptao grape; ptaoji grape wine
[wi] only, alone, think, ponder, wiy only, sole
[jin] choose, select, pick out
[gng] gnggng brilliant; dedicated; gngzh
upright

2560

2561

[nin] twenty (same as rsh)

2565

(F)

(F)

2567

(F)

[zhu] fall; weigh down; zhuzi weight; ear pendant;


ballad

2568

(F)

(F)

(F)

(F)
(F)

[zh] stagnant, sluggish

2563
2564

2569
2570
2571
2572
2573
2575
2576
2577
2578
2581

[zhung] stake, pile; ():


[y] 2nd in sequence
[yo] ballad; yoyn rumor, hearsay

[yn] pregnant; conceive; contraception


[sng] recite from memory
[sh] () comb; to comb
[gng] ridge of a hill
[fi] (= fizng) lung
[wn] pill, pellet, ball
[shung] (= shungdng) frost
[zh] (= zhy) juice; guzh fruit juice
[sh] yarn; minsh cotton yarn
[xin] hold in mouth; hold inside; rank; military rank

2583

(F)

2584

[din] (ancient) suburb; pasture


[din] chndindin heavy

2586

[p] pji beer

2589

2590

[lng] distracted, stupified


[lng]

2591

(F)
(F)

(F)

(F)
(F)

(F)

2587
2588

2592
2593
2594
2596
2597
2598
2599
2600
2601
2602
2603
2607
2609
2611
2612
2614

[n] greasy, oily; smooth; ( nfan) disgusted, fed up

[kn] bank, ridge


[ji] to plant, (= zhungjia) crops
[h] grain; hmio seedlings

[zh] (= yuzh) oil, grease; zhfng fat, grease


[to] ptao grape
[lo] dredge for, fish for, scoop up out of water
[jio] disturb, annoy, (=) stir, mix, agitate,
[xi] fragments, bits and pieces; minute; trivial
[sn] () umbrella; , parachute
[di] hdi butterfly; diyng chrysalis
[zh] () casting, founding
[q] body, stature; body
[zh] young, immature, childish; zhq childishness
[xng] flesh; fishy; xngchu rancid, stinking
[tng] cane, rattan; vine
[du] steep; suddenly; duqio precipitous
[tng] hot (burning hot to the touch, cf. r)
[l] pear; pineapple

[]
[] Oh!
[] softly chant
syrup, starch
(F) [jing]
[jing] (= jing) thick (of porridge etc.)

2616

[p] pjng secluded; pinp out-of-the way

2617

[fng] lane
[fng] workshop, mill

2619

[yn] absent-minded

2624

2627

(F)

[ning] brew, ferment, wine, (= ningchng) result in,


breed

2628

(F)

[] goose; q' penguin

2629

(F)

[z] <archaic> this; now; year


[c]

2631

[do] pound, beat; harass; dolun make a disturbance

2634

(F)
(F)

2636

2637

2645

(F)
(F)

(F)

2648

[sh] evil spirit; shbi deathly pale


[sh] stop, (= sh, = sh) kill

2649

[m] membrane, film; jiom cornea (of eye)

2650

2654

[zhn] to glue, to paste


[nin] (= nin) sticky

2657

[cu] break, (= cuhu, = cucn) destroy

2658

2659

[zhung] () (for buildings)


[chung] pennant; Buddhist pillar

2660

[r] you, thou

2620
2621
2622

2638
2640
2642
2643

2662

[x] gap; crack; rift; loophole


[to] wash, clean; toq naughty; toti eliminate
[ku] collapse, break down
[to] toto torrential; talk on and on

[dng] ridgepole
[gu]
[gui] migui rose
[chng] spacious; open
[i] (= izhng) cancer
[ln] cable; cable car
[shu] shining; glimmer, twinkle
[mi] migui rose; yellow rose
[zh] cheat, swindle; pretend, feign

[fn] ( fnsho) burn, set on fire

[y] miny immunity; wny pestilence

[tn] ( tnzi) blanket; ( dtn) carpet, rug

2664

[cu] setback, (= cuzh) frustrate, defeat

2667

(F)

[fng] spin yarn; fngzh spin and weave; fngch


spinning wheel

2668

[xi] fxi decayed, rotten

2671

(F)

2673

[du] exchange, convert, add (water etc.); duhun


(F) convert, exchange

[chu] hammer

2688

(F)
(F)

(F)

(F)

2689

[mng] limng hoodlum


[mng] common people

2690

[mi] qngmi scornful

2694

2696

[j] lngj <archaic> in disorder


[ji] (= ji) borrow, lend

2698

[xi] unload, discharge; remove; shirk

2700

2701

[bin] flat; inscription; bindan carrying pole


[pin]

2702

[tn] charcoal

2709

2711

[do] dodao chatter


[to] togung much obliged

2712

(F)

2675
2683
2684
2686
2687

2703
2704
2706

2713

[bin] braid
[du] fall, sink; dulu degenerate, sink low
[d] bamboo flute, whistle
[m] seek; look for; demand
[b] cover, shelter, hide; ynb conceal oneself; covert
[xi] in harmony

[fi] fitng boiling; boiling point

[x] extinguish, put out, go out; xmi go out, die out

[kng] high-spirited; kngki fervent; liberal, generous


[png] sail; zhngpng tent
[zh] wink, blink
[p] pr for instance, for example

[sh] shci vegetable


[chu] ( schu) silk

2714

[x] son-in-law

2719

(F)

2724

[png] bang; pngpng pingpong


{Compare with bng soldier}

2725

[go] ygo toothpaste; ointment


[go] lubricate

2726

[tng] () chest; chamber

2732

[zu] zumo ponder


[zhu] zhum polish

2733

[p] (sound:) bang

2767

(F)
(F)

2769

(F)

[lu] vine; lubo radish; hlubo carrot;


blu pineapple

2772

2716

2738
2740
2742
2743
2746
2747
2754
2755
2760
2761
2762
2763
2765
2766

2773

[lio] few, empty, vacant, lonely


[jio] irrigate, water; pour liquid on;

[sh] <archaic> kind and gentle


[b] (=) <used for sound value>
[b] bbng malady, evil; drawback; pros and cons
[zo] stove; kitchen
[c] vinegar; be jealous (in love affair)
[bn] (variant of bn)
[din] establish; give offerings to the dead
[tn] () village; collect
[png] expand, inflate; pngzhng expand, swell
[ln] sink; lnxin fall (to enemy); be reduced to
[l] thread; strand; lnl shabby, ragged
[rng] (= trng) soil
[y] smelt (metal)
[xi] leisure; kngxi spare time; bxi be too busy
[ru] rub, knead

[xing] circle in the air


[zh] zhzh spider

2776

2780

(F)

[yn] shady
[yn] (=)

2783

[j] jxio mock; jfng ridicule

2787

(F)
(F)
(F)

2790

2791

2794

(F)

(F)

2796

2800

2810

(F)
(F)
(F)
(F)
(F)
(F)
(F)

2813

2815

2825

(F)
(F)

2827

[hng] successful, go smoothly, <electrical terminology>


henry

2828

[tng] drip (water or blood), shed (tears), trickle (sweat)

2833

[kng] carry on the shoulder


[gng] lift with both hands

2835

[shn] China fir


[sh] shgo fir scaffold-pole

2786

2793

2801
2802
2803
2805
2806
2809

2824

[l] ( lzi) chestnut; (F) tremble

[cng] green, (=) onion, scallion


[gng] gngg consolidate
[zhu] porridge, gruel, congee
[y] (=) sell, vend
[zhi] vegetarian religious diet, give alms, room or building
[q] qjn hitherto, up to now, so far
[zh] qzh banner, flag, stand, position
[jn] fungus, bacterium; , germ
[jn] mushroom
[qin] lead (Pb); qinb pencil
[hu] ( hul) bribe; give a bribe
[rng] down; velvet; floss
[l] companion, associate
[dun] forge; dunlin exercise
[qin] qinz condemn
[xing] xingyng turbulent
[f] apply (powder, ointment, etc.); spread; to elaborate
[xio] night; tngxio throughout the night;
Yunxioji Lantern Festival
[hu] hide; avoid; name of deceased person
[lu] gong
[hn] shake, shock, vibrate

2846

(F)

2848

[mio] tiny, negligible; miomng distant and


indistinct

2849

[di] small plate or dish; saucer; frisbee, UFO

2853

2854

[pu] cut/slit open, (= jipu) dissect; pumin cross


section, sectional view; pux analyse, dissect

2858

[j] <archaic> honorable woman, concubine, <family name>

2861

(F)

[chu] chuho nickname


[cho] grab; take up

2864

[su] dusuo tremble, shiver

2865

(F)

2867

(F)

[zhu] axle; axis; spool


[zhu]

2868

(F)

(F)

[li] build by piling up stones etc.; softball

2842

2851

2869
2870
2871

[zo] dry; gnzo dry, dull; kzo boring


[yn] to divide evenly; to spare; even

[qin] xingqin inlay, set, mount


[w] irrigate; ( fiw) fertile; wy fertile land

[jio] twist; strangle; death by hanging

[zo] zoshng noise


[yn] yncng contain, hold in store
[Sho] <family name>
[z] <local> (= znme) how
[z] <archaic> bite
[zh] how?, what?, why?; zhhu bluster, show off
[zh] bite; zhsh cluck with the tongue (in
surrprice/etc.), to be left speechless
{Compare with zu yesterday}

2874

2880

(F)

[png] level ground; copng lawn

(F)

[lun] () egg, ovum; luncho ovary

2886
2888
2890
2893
2895
2899

[yng] hire, (= yngrn) servant; gyng hire


[yng] (= yngjn) commission

[zhu] daytime
[bi] check, restrain, suppress; suffocate, feel depressed
[ku] (used in transliterations) kunng quinine
[w] seal, cover, muffle

[w]

2900

[jin] to fry

2903

[chu] see, look at


[qiu]

2904

(F)

2907
2908
2911
2914
2923
2925
2928
2929
2932
2935

[sh] lose; erode, corrode


[rng] fuse, smelt, ( rnghu) melt; rngyn lava

[xi] shrimp; lngxi lobster; xichofn shrimp


(F) fried rice
[h] (=); hma frog, toad

(F)
(F)
(F)
(F)

(F)
(F)

[mi] hungmi absurd; miln fallacy


[shn] shnsh gentleman, gentry
[xing] inlay; edge
[lng] ( rlng) deaf
[m] raise, recruit
[lng] ridge or raised path in field; monopolize
[yn] man of virtue and ability

[qio] hold up; qio wiba "to hold up the tail" = to


(F) be/get cocky, to be snobbish and self-important
[qio] raise one's head; become warped
[p] lie prone; lean over

2937

2960

[zhng] obvious, apparant; showy; biozhng


commend, cite

2967

[chn] chnmng clarify; chnsh expound

2968

(F)
(F)

2970

(F)

[sh] shni pivot, axis

2972

(F)

[zhn] <archaic> towering; zhnxn brand-new,


completely new

2973

[p] cattail, <family name>

2974

(F)

2978

(F)

2982

[jin] economical, (= jinp) frugal; qnjin


industrious and thrifty
[xing] (= xingsh) oak, rubber tree; xingjio
rubber; xingp eraser, rubber

2936

[xng] apricot; almond

[sng] ssng lawsuit

[xi] come down in torrents; laxative

[rng] (= rnghu) dissolve; (chemical) solution

2994

2997

[b] hold on to; dig up; rake; strip


[p] rake up; stew, braise

3000

[chn] <archaic> treasure

2983

[p] pb waterfall