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Wo r ld Oi l a nd G as Re v ie w 2014

Wo r ld Oi l a nd G as Re v ie w 2014

Eni presents the 13th edition of the World Oil and Gas Review, the annual statistics review of
world production, reserves and consumption of oil and gas, with a special focus on refining
industry and crude quality.
The data highlight how, in recent years, the United States has become the world leader in oil
and gas production growth and has consolidated its position as top consumer, with significant
repercussions on the flow of crude, petroleum products and LNG.
In particular, 2013 saw a slight growth in oil reserves thanks to the contribution of non-OPEC
countries, first among them the United States (+9.8% vs the previous year), followed by
Norway (+8.6%); OPEC reserves remained essentially flat.
The United States was the world leader in terms of production growth, with +12.2% vs 2012,
thanks to the contribution of tight oil. US production increases more than offset the shortfalls
in Iran and Libya (-9.8% and -35.5% respectively).
As far as quality of crudes is concerned, medium&sour represented the lions share of the
total (40%), also thanks to a decrease in light&sweet (19% of total) due to a reduction in
Libyan production, and notwithstanding the greater contribution of light oil from the US.
Total demand continues to rise (+1.4%). Indeed, in 2013, OECD countries increased their
consumption for the first time since the economic crisis, notwithstanding another year of
decrease in European consumption (-0.7% vs 2012). The US led the change, confirming its
position of top consumer. As for non-OECD countries, China retained its top spot, coming
second in terms of worldwide oil consumption.
The refining industry was affected by the new trends in consumption and production: the
European market is facing a testing process of rationalization (about 2 mln bbl/d of capacity
reductions in the last years), but utilization rates continue to remain insufficient; on the other
hand, the abundant availability of low cost feedstock boosted the competitiveness of US
refining. Asia-Pacific and the Middle East are the areas that have seen the largest investments
in new refining capacity to meet growing demand, confirming an ongoing trend.
In the gas market, the US reprised its role as top producer for the second year in a row, thanks
to its shale resources, also managing to post a 5% uptick in reserves vis--vis a steep decline
in new wells in gas plays. The production increase came from associated and wet gas. Gas
reserves were on the rise globally, also thanks to new discoveries such as Mozambique, which
will soon become a new LNG production hub.
On the other hand, growth in gas consumption was rather modest in 2013 (1% vs the 2.5%
average per year from 2000 to 2013), also due to a deceleration in demand growth in nonOECD countries. The vast availability of domestic gas production sustained US consumption
(+2%), confirming its position as the biggest gas consumer in the world.
As always, we hope to present a useful tool to all those who wish to boost their knowledge of
the world of energy.



Claudio Descalzi
Chief Executive Officer
and General Manager

Contents

Introduction
List of Countries
Notes and Methods

VI
VIII

Oil

Natural Gas

Reserves 4
Areas and Aggregates
4
The World Top 10 Reserves Holders
5
Countries 6
Cluster of Companies
8

Reserves
38
Areas and Aggregates 38
The World Top 10 Reserves Holders
39
Countries 40
Cluster of Companies
42

Production
9
Areas and Aggregates
9
The World Top 10 Producers
10
Countries 11
Cluster of Companies
13
The World Top 10 Natural Gas Liquids Producers 14

Biofuels Production
15

Production
43
Areas and Aggregates
43
The World Top 10 Producers
44
Countries 45
Cluster of Companies
47
Reserves/Production Ratios
48
Areas and Aggregates
48
The World Top 10 Producers Ranked
by Reserves/Production Ratio
49
Countries 50

Reserves/Production Ratios
16
Areas and Aggregates
16
The World Top 10 Producers Ranked
by Reserves/Production Ratio
17
Consumption 52
Countries 18
Areas and Aggregates
52

The
World
Top
10
Consumers

53
Consumption 20
Countries 54
Areas and Aggregates
20
The World Top 10 Consumers
21
Per Capita Consumption
57
Countries 22
Areas
and
Aggregates
57

The World Top 10 Consumers Ranked
Per Capita Consumption
25
by Per Capita Consumption
58
Areas and Aggregates
25
Countries 59
The World Top 10 Consumers Ranked
by Per Capita Consumption
26
Production/Consumption Ratios
62
Countries 27
Areas
and
Aggregates
62

The World Top 10 Producers Ranked
Production/Consumption Ratios
30
by Production/Consumption Ratio
63
Areas and Aggregates
30
Countries 64
The World Top 10 Producers Ranked
by Production/Consumption Ratio
31
Countries 32
Exports 66
The World Top 10 Exporters
66
Crude Future Price and Open Interests
34
Countries 67

Oil - Production
Contents

Imports 69
The World Top 10 Importers
69
Countries 70
Imports by Country of Origin - Pipeline and LNG 72
Imports by Country of Origin - Pipeline
74
Imports by Country of Origin - LNG
76
Traded Gas

77

LNG - Liquefaction and Regasification Capacity


Liquefaction Capacity - Countries
Regasification Capacity - Countries
Liquefaction Capacity - Cluster of Companies
Regasification Capacity - Cluster of Companies

78
78
78
79
80

Natural Gas Balance - Italy

81

Production Quality
World 84
Crude Production by Quality
84
Crude Production by Gravity
84
Crude Production by Sulphur Content
84
Quality and Production Volume of Main Crudes
85
Crude Production by Quality - Chart
86
Europe 87
Crude Production by Quality
87
Quality and Production Volume of Main Crudes
87
Crude Production by Quality - Chart
88
Crude Production by Quality - Countries
89
Russia and Central Asia
Crude Production by Quality
Quality and Production Volume of Main Crudes
Crude Production by Quality - Chart
Crude Production by Quality - Countries

90
90
90
91
92

Middle East 93
Crude Production by Quality
93
Quality and Production Volume of Main Crudes
93
Crude Production by Quality - Chart
94
Crude Production by Quality - Countries
95

Africa 96
Crude Production by Quality
96
Quality and Production Volume of Main Crudes
96
Crude Production by Quality - Chart
97
Crude Production by Quality - Countries
98
Asia - Pacific 100
Crude Production by Quality
100
Quality and Production Volume of Main Crudes 100
Crude Production by Quality - Chart
101
Crude Production by Quality - Countries
102
Americas 103
Crude Production by Quality
103
Quality and Production Volume of Main Crudes 103
Crude Production by Quality - Chart
104
Crude Production by Quality - Countries
105
Distillation Yields
Distillates/Residues Yields Comparison
among Light Crudes
Range of Distillates/Residues Yields
within Light Crudes
Distillates/Residues Yields Comparison
among Medium Crudes
Range of Distillates/Residues Yields
within Medium Crudes
Distillates/Residues Yields Comparison
among Heavy Crudes
Range of Distillates/Residues
Yields within Heavy Crudes

106
106
106
107
107
108
108

Refining Industry
Refining Capacity
112
Areas and Aggregates
112
Countries 114
Primary Capacity by Cluster of Companies
116
Oil Product Balances
117
Gasoline and Middle Distillates Balance in the World 117
Areas and Aggregates
118
Countries 122

VI

Introduction

List of Countries

Europe: Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,
Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands,
Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine and United Kingdom.

Russia and Central Asia: Russia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.

Middle East: Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

Africa: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Chad, Congo, Cte dIvoire, Dem. Rep. Congo, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Kenya,
Libya, Madagascar, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Tunisia,
Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Asia - Pacific: Afghanistan, Australia, Bangladesh, Brunei, China, East Timor, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar,
Nepal, New Zealand, North Korea, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam.
Americas: North America, Latin America.

North America: Canada and the United States.

Latin America: Argentina, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala,
Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay and Venezuela.

European Union: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland,
Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom.

OECD: Europe, Middle East, Asia - Pacific, North America, Latin America.
- Europe: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg,
Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.
- Middle East: Israel.
- Asia - Pacific: Australia, Japan, New Zealand and South Korea.
- North America: Canada, Mexico and the United States.
- Latin America: Chile.

OPEC: Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Venezuela.

MENA (Middle East and North Africa): Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates
and Yemen; Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia.

MED: Albania, Algeria, Austria, Bosnia Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt, France*, Germany*, Gibraltar, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Jordan,
Lebanon, Libya, Macedonia, Malta, Montenegro, Morocco, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain*, Switzerland*, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey and Ukraine.

NWE (North West Europe): Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France*, Germany*, Iceland, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg,
Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain*, Sweden, Switzerland* and United Kingdom.

(*) Pro quota.

Oil Introduction
- Production

US Petroleum Administration for Defense Districts (PADD):


PADD I (East Coast): Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New
Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Vermont, Virginia and West Virginia.
PADD II (Mid West): llinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Ohio,
Oklahoma, Tennessee and Wisconsin.
PADD III (Gulf Coast): Alabama, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Mexico and Texas.
PADD IV (Rocky Mountain): Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Utah and Wyoming.
PADD V (West Coast): Alaska, Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada, Oregon and Washington.

This Review adopts the most commonly used names for countries and not necessarily the official name.
The names used do not in any way indicate the opinion of Eni on the legal status of countries, territories, cities or
areas mentioned. The term country is used to indicate, when necessary, also a territory or area. Borders between
countries are indicated on the maps and do not imply judgement of any kind or the position of Eni with regard to current
international disputes.
This Review has been prepared by the Scenarios, Strategic Options & Investor Relations Department.

VII

VIII

Introduction
Notes and Methods
The sources of the data are: Arab Oil & Gas Directory, Cedigaz, CME, DECC, EIA DOE, Enerdata, ICE, ICIS Consulting, International Energy Agency,
IHS Global Insight, Italian Ministry for Economic Development, Oil & Gas Journal, PIRA, PIW, Wood MacKenzie and other official sources.
Blank spaces in the tables indicate that the figure was not available, zero indicates a figure that is not significant (except for the chapters
Production Quality, Importsof natural gas and LNG - Liquefaction and Regasification Capacity).
Total may differ from the sum of the individual figures as a result of rounding up/down.
Percentages have been calculated before rounding.
Data for Sudan also include South Sudan.
World total population is the population of all the countries in the world, while population figures for areas and aggregates take into account
only the countries for which this publication shows energy data. Therefore the sum of population figures of all areas and aggregates is lower
than world population.
Oil

Gas

In all the chapters of oil and natural gas, in some countries figures may include oil and natural gas from non conventional sources and others
sources of supply.
The figures for Reserves refer to proven reserves as at 31st December. The figures for other chapters indicate annual averages.
In all the chapters, the list of the The world top 10 is drawn up by ordering the countries on the basis of the last available year. In the chapters
Reserves/Production Ratios and Production/Consumption Ratios, the list of the The world top 10 is drawn up by selecting the largest
producers in the last available year and ordering them on the basis of the value of the reserves/production and production/consumption ratios.
In the chapter Per Capita Consumption, the list of the world top is drawn up by selecting the largest consumers in the last available year and
ordering them by the value of per capita consumption.
Oil

The difference between the Consumption and the Production of oil is given by the change in stocks, the processing gains obtained in refining
and the amount of biofuels which is not included in Production.
Gas

In the chapters Production, Consumption, Exports and Imports figures are assessed by using the same calorific value per cubic metre
(39MJ/cm, GCV), in order to make data among countries comparable. For NON OECD countries, data for 2013 are Enis estimates.
In the chapter Production of natural gas, the figures concern traded production and do not include quantities of flared, dispersed or re-injected gas.
In the chapter Imports, imports of liquefied natural gas cover only the dry marketable equivalent after regasification.
In the chapter Imports, the figure reported as total imports for a single country may differ from the sum of Imports by LNG and pipeline for
the same country, because of the different sources and different calorific values attached to the cubic metre.
Production Quality

In the chapter Production Quality figures for total oil production in each area or country do not coincide with the figures in the Production
chapter of the Review. This is due to the exclusion of natural gas liquids and extra heavy crude from the figures for the first (except for Venezuela).
Moreover, it has not been possible to allocate or define total production. In some countries the Ultra Light category also includes, in total or in part,
the production of condensates. For Canada the production includes syncrude.
API degree is used universally to express a crudes relative density. The arbitrary formula used to obtain it is: API gravity = (141.5/SG at 60F)
-131.5, where SG is the specific gravity of the fluid. Lighter the crude, higher the API gravity. The API scale was designed so that most values
would fall between 10 and 70 API gravity degrees. Fresh water has an API density of 10.
Atmospheric distillates yields are obtained according to TBP (True Boiling Point) technique, ASTM D2892 procedure. Figures are expressed in
mass percentage.
For the definition of the qualitative parameters for single crudes, the data of Eni - R&M Division - San Donato Research Center - Downstream
Products Technologies have been used, wherever possible. Quality levels, indicating API gravity and sulphur content, are defined as follows.

Oil Introduction
- Production

Quality levels - API gravity and sulphur content


Ultra Light
Light & Sweet
Light & Medium Sour
Light & Sour
Medium & Sweet
Medium & Medium Sour
Medium & Sour
Heavy & Sweet
Heavy & Medium Sour
Heavy & Sour

API level equal to or greater than 50 and a low sulphur content


API level equal to or greater than 35 and less than 50; sulphur content less than 0.5%
API level equal to or greater than 35 and less than 50; sulphur content equal to or greater than 0.5% and less than 1%
API level equal to or greater than 35 and less than 50; sulphur content equal to or greater than 1%
API level equal to or greater than 26 and less than 35; sulphur content less than 0.5%
API level equal to or greater than 26 and less than 35; sulphur content equal to or greater than 0.5% and less than 1%
API level equal to or greater than 26 and less than 35; sulphur content equal to or greater than 1%
API level equal to or greater than 10 and less than 26; sulphur content less than 0.5%
API level equal to or greater than 10 and less than 26; sulphur content equal to or greater than 0.5% and less than 1%
API level equal to or greater than 10 and less than 26; sulphur content equal to or greater than 1%

Refining Industry

The chapter Refining industry is divided in two parts: Refining Capacity and Oil Products Balances.
The Refining Capacity set of tabulations provides the following information:
- Refineries: include asphalt and lube oriented units, when dedicated topping capacity is present. Condensate refineries are included.
- Primary Capacity: represents a pro rated annual average of available capacity, excluding turnarounds.
- Conversion Capacity (FCC eqv.): sum of conversion capacity, converted to Catcracking (FCC) equivalent capacity. FCC equivalent capacity
equals 1; other conversion capacities can be higher or lower than 1 (the equivalent factors are reported below in the next table).
- Complexity Ratio - FCC eqv.: ratio of Conversion Capacity (converted to FCC equivalent) over Primary Capacity, calculated on a weighted basis.
The higher is the complexity index, the higher is the capability of a refinery to produce high equivalent quality and value products.
- Complexity Ratio - NCI (Nelson Complexity Index): is another measure of secondary conversion capacity in comparison to the primary
distillation capacity. The units are rated in terms of their costs relative to the primary distillation unit. The higher is the index, the higher is the
capability of a refinery to produce high quality and value products.
- Utilization rate (of primary capacity): ratio of crude runs (condensates runs are included) over Primary Capacity.
The equivalent factors for the FCC equivalent calculation, reported below, change according to the type and the configuration of the conversion
unit and are from ICIS Consulting. The factors for the Nelson calculation are standard factors, modified as necessary by Eni. Oxygenates and
Aromatics are excluded.
Conversion type
Alkylation
Alkylation-hydrofluoric
Alkylation-sulfuric
Asphalt
Coking-delayed
Coking-f/d
Coking-fluid
Coking-fxc
Condensate distillation
Crude
Deasphalting
Deasphalting-C3
Deasphalting-C4
Deep catcracking
Distillate dewaxing
Fluid catcracking
Fluid catcracking-residue
Heavy residual gasification
Hydrocracking-distillates
Hydrocracking-mild
Hydrocracking-residue

Factors to FCC eqv.


0.00
0.00
0.00
0.25
1.35
1.35
1.35
1.35
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
1.10
0.10
1.00
1.90
1.30
1.30
0.30
0.40

Factors to NCI
10.00
10.00
10.00
1.50
6.00
6.00
6.00
6.00
1.00
1.00
1.50
1.50
1.50
6.00
85.00
6.00
6.00
12.00
6.00
6.00
6.00

Conversion type
Hydrodesulf-diesel
Hydrodesulf-gasoline
Hydrodesulf-kero
Hydrodesulf-mid-distillates
Hydrodesulf-naphtha
Hydrodesulf-residue
Hydrodesulf-VGO
Isomerization-C4
Isomerization-ln
Lube
Polymerization
Reforming-aromax
Reforming-btx
Reforming-cc
Reforming-cyclic
Reforming-lpg feed
Reforming-sr
Thermal catcracking
Thermal cracking
Vacuum
Visbreaking

Factors to FCC eqv.


0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.20
0.05
0.00
0.00
0.50
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.80
0.65
0.00
0.25

Factors to NCI
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
15.00
15.00
60.00
10.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
2.75
2.75
2.00
2.75

The Oil Products Balances set of tabulations provides the following information:
- Production: refinery output, net of refinery feedstocks requirements, plus liquids derived from natural gas processing (NGLs).
-
Consumption: includes bunkers.
- Balance: it is the difference between Production and Consumption and corresponds to the net exports. It therefore includes: stock changes,
statistical differences, refinery losses and other items included in Consumption.

IX

World Oil and Gas Review 2014

oil

World Oil and Gas Review 2014

oil

Oil
Reserves

Areas and Aggregates


(million barrels as at 31st December)

y/y

CAGR

Europe

2000
19,493

2005
16,648

2010
12,718

2012
12,617

2013
12,998

Russia and Central Asia

56,395

77,227

98,281

118,281

118,281

0.0%

5.9%

683,518

743,411

752,918

802,157

804,127

0.2%

1.3%

Africa

76,077

103,769

123,609

127,589

127,989

0.3%

4.1%

Asia - Pacific

47,358

40,504

44,416

47,486

48,364

1.8%

0.2%

327,512
204,717
122,795

318,342
201,811
116,531

533,258
200,395
332,863

542,702
206,508
336,193

546,348
209,865
336,484

0.7%
1.6%
0.1%

4.0%
0.2%
8.1%

1,210,353

1,299,901

1,565,200

1,650,831

1,658,106

0.4%

2.5%

8,914

7,774

5,908

6,137

6,039

-1.6%

-3.0%

MENA

725,476

797,896

816,364

867,193

869,623

0.3%

1.4%

OECD
NON OECD

255,373
954,980

233,402
1,066,499

226,105
1,339,095

232,028
1,418,803

235,608
1,422,499

1.5%
0.3%

-0.6%
3.1%

OPEC
NON OPEC

816,932
393,421

907,683
392,218

1,150,121
415,079

1,204,710
446,121

1,207,250
450,856

0.2%
1.1%

3.0%
1.1%

Middle East

Americas
- North America
- Latin America
World
European Union

(2013-2012)

3.0%

(2013-2000)

-3.1%

World Oil Reserves (2013)

World Oil Reserves Growth (2000-2013)

1,658,106 million barrels as at 31st December

447,753 million barrels as at 31st December

-25,000

0 25,000

75,000

125,000

175,000

1% Europe
3% Asia - Pacific
7% Russia and C. Asia
8% Africa
13% North America
20% Latin America
48% Middle East

2000-2005

2005-2010

2010-2013

225,000

Oil
Oil - Production
Reserves

The World Top 10 Reserves Holders (*)


(million barrels as at 31st December)

y/y

CAGR

2000
76,848

2005
80,012

2010
296,501

2012
297,570

2013
297,740

Saudi Arabia

261,700

266,810

262,600

267,910

268,350

0.2%

0.2%

Canada

181,200

178,792

175,214

173,105

173,200

0.1%

-0.3%

Iran

89,700

132,460

137,010

154,580

157,300

1.8%

4.4%

Iraq

112,500

115,000

115,000

141,350

140,300

-0.7%

1.7%

Kuwait

96,500

104,000

104,000

104,000

104,000

0.0%

0.6%

United Arab Emirates

97,800

97,800

97,800

97,800

97,800

0,0%

0,0%

Russia

48,573

60,000

60,000

80,000

80,000

0.0%

3.9%

Libya

29,500

39,126

46,420

48,010

48,470

1.0%

3.9%

Nigeria

22,500

35,876

37,200

37,200

37,140

-0.2%

3.9%

The World Top 10

1,016,821

1,109,876

1,331,745

1,401,525

1,404,300

0.2%

2.5%

Rest of the World

193,532

190,025

233,455

249,306

253,806

1.8%

2.1%

World

1,210,353

1,299,901

1,565,200

1,650,831

1,658,106

0.4%

2.5%

Venezuela

(2013-2012)

0.1%

(2013-2000)

(*) Data source: Enis estimates on Enerdata Global Energy Market & CO2 Database.

Venezuela 18.0%

Saudi Arabia 16.2%

Canada 10.4%

Iran 9.5%

Iraq 8.5%

Kuwait 6.3%

United Arab Emirates 5.9%

2.9%
Libya

Russia 4.8%

2.2%

Share of World Total

Nigeria

The World Top 10 (2013)

11.0%

Oil
Reserves

Countries (*)
(million barrels as at 31st December)

y/y

2000
19,493
165
86
198
15
92
15
1,069
145
380
10
110
577
12
107
9,447
115
1,426
78
9
21
296
395
4,725

2005
16,648
198
62
198
15
69
15
1,328
158
367
7
103
443
12
106
7,705
96
956
78
9
158
300
395
3,870

2010
12,718
199
50
198
15
71
15
812
91
276
10
27
559
12
310
5,670
96
600
78
9
150
270
395
2,805

2012
12,617
172
47
198
15
71
15
805
85
254
10
27
599
12
244
5,366
157
600
78
9
150
270
395
3,038

2013
12,998
168
49
198
15
71
15
805
90
233
10
27
582
12
260
5,825
157
600
78
9
150
295
395
2,956

(2013-2012)

2000
Russia and Central Asia 56,395
Russia
48,573
Azerbaijan
1,178
Georgia
35
Kazakhstan
5,417
Kyrgyzstan
40
Tajikistan
12
Turkmenistan
546
Uzbekistan
594

2005
77,227
60,000
7,000
35
9,000
40
12
546
594

2010
98,281
60,000
7,000
35
30,000
40
12
600
594

2012
118,281
80,000
7,000
35
30,000
40
12
600
594

2013
118,281
80,000
7,000
35
30,000
40
12
600
594

(2013-2012)

2000
683,518
150
89,700
112,500
4
1
96,500
5,506
13,157
261,700
2,500
97,800
4,000

2005
743,411
125
132,460
115,000
2
1
104,000
5,506
15,207
266,810
2,500
97,800
4,000

2010
752,918
125
137,010
115,000
2
1
104,000
5,500
25,380
262,600
2,500
97,800
3,000

2012
802,157
125
154,580
141,350
12
1
104,000
5,500
25,380
267,910
2,500
97,800
3,000

2013
804,127
125
157,300
140,300
12
1
104,000
5,500
25,240
268,350
2,500
97,800
3,000

(2013-2012)

Europe
Albania
Austria
Belarus
Bulgaria
Croatia
Czech Republic
Denmark
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Italy(**)
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Serbia and Montenegro
Slovakia
Spain
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom

Middle East
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Jordan
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen

3.0%
-2.4%
3.9%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
5.2%
-8.5%
0.0%
-0.5%
-2.9%
0.0%
6.6%
8.6%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
9.0%
0.0%
-2.7%

y/y

0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%

y/y

0.2%
0.0%
1.8%
-0.7%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
-0.6%
0.2%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

-3.1%
0.2%
-4.3%
0.0%
0.0%
-2.0%
0.0%
-2.2%
-3.6%
-3.7%
0.0%
-10.2%
0.1%
0.0%
7.1%
-3.7%
2.4%
-6.4%
0.0%
0.0%
16.3%
0.0%
0.0%
-3.5%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

5.9%
3.9%
14.7%
0.0%
14.1%
0.0%
0.0%
0.7%
0.0%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

(*) Data source: Enis estimates on Enerdata Global Energy Market & CO2 Database.
(**) Data source: the original data are from Italian Ministry for Economic Development. Data have been converted by Eni considering 1 ton of oil equal to 7.3 barrels.

1.3%
-1.4%
4.4%
1.7%
8.5%
0.8%
0.6%
0.0%
5.1%
0.2%
0.0%
0.0%
-2.2%

Oil
Oil - Production
Reserves

Countries (*)
(million barrels as at 31st December)

y/y

Africa
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Cameroon
Chad
Congo
Cte d'Ivoire
Dem. Rep. Congo
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Ghana
Libya
Mauritania
Morocco
Nigeria
South Africa
Sudan
Tunisia
Uganda

2000
76,077
9,200
5,412
8
400
0
1,506
100
187
2,948
1,200
2,499
17
29,500
0
2
22,500
28
262
308
0

2005
103,769
11,350
5,412
8
400
1,500
1,506
100
187
3,700
1,200
2,499
17
39,126
0
1
35,876
16
563
308
0

2010
123,609
12,200
9,500
8
200
1,500
1,600
100
180
4,400
1,100
2,000
660
46,420
100
1
37,200
15
5,000
425
1,000

2012
127,589
12,200
10,470
8
200
1,500
1,600
100
180
4,400
1,100
2,000
660
48,010
20
1
37,200
15
5,000
425
2,500

2013
127,989
12,200
10,470
8
200
1,500
1,600
100
180
4,400
1,100
2,000
660
48,470
20
1
37,140
15
5,000
425
2,500

(2013-2012)

Asia - Pacific
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
Myanmar
New Zealand
Pakistan
Papua New Guinea
Philippines
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam

2000
47,358
4,944
57
1,350
24,000
4,728
4,980
59
3,900
50
127
208
360
289
4
352
1,950

2005
40,504
3,718
28
1,350
18,250
5,615
4,301
59
3,000
50
53
289
240
139
2
291
3,119

2010
44,416
3,831
28
1,100
20,350
5,533
3,990
44
4,000
50
113
313
88
139
2
435
4,400

2012
47,486
3,894
28
1,100
23,717
5,476
3,700
44
4,000
50
81
248
154
139
2
453
4,400

2013
48,364
3,922
28
1,100
24,376
5,654
3,591
44
4,000
50
81
342
186
139
2
449
4,400

(2013-2012)

Americas
Argentina
Barbados
Belize
Bolivia
Brazil
Canada
Chile
Colombia
Cuba
Ecuador
Guatemala
Mexico
Peru
Suriname
Trinidad and Tobago
United States
Venezuela

2000
327,512
3,071
3
0
397
8,100
181,200
150
1,972
283
2,115
526
28,260
310
74
686
23,517
76,848

2005
318,342
2,321
3
0
441
11,243
178,792
150
1,542
750
4,630
526
12,882
930
111
990
23,019
80,012

2010
533,258
2,504
2
7
465
12,858
175,214
150
1,900
124
6,510
83
10,420
532
79
728
25,181
296,501

2012
542,702
2,805
2
7
210
13,154
173,105
150
2,200
124
8,240
83
10,264
579
77
728
33,403
297,570

2013
546,348
2,820
3
7
210
13,219
173,200
150
2,377
124
8,240
83
10,073
633
77
728
36,665
297,740

(2013-2012)

(*) Data source: Enis estimates on Enerdata Global Energy Market & CO2 Database and for, United States, on EIA DOE data.

0.3%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
1.0%
0.0%
0.0%
-0.2%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%

y/y

1.8%
0.7%
0.0%
0.0%
2.8%
3.3%
-3.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
38.1%
20.5%
0.0%
0.0%
-1.0%
0.0%

y/y

0.7%
0.5%
25.7%
0.0%
0.0%
0.5%
0.1%
0.0%
8.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
-1.9%
9.3%
-0.1%
0.0%
9.8%
0.1%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

4.1%
2.2%
5.2%
0.0%
-5.2%

0.5%
0.0%
-0.3%
3.1%
-0.7%
-1.7%
32.5%
3.9%
-7.9%
3.9%
-4.7%
25.5%
2.5%
CAGR

(2013-2000)

0.2%
-1.8%
-5.3%
-1.6%
0.1%
1.4%
-2.5%
-2.2%
0.2%
0.0%
-3.4%
3.9%
-5.0%
-5.5%
-3.9%
1.9%
6.5%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

4.0%
-0.7%
-0.4%

-4.8%
3.8%
-0.3%
0.0%
1.4%
-6.2%
11.0%
-13.2%
-7.6%
5.6%
0.3%
0.5%
3.5%
11.0%

Oil
Reserves

Cluster of Companies (*)


2000

2013

World: 1,210,353 million barrels as at 31st December

World: 1,658,106 million barrels as at 31st December

3.9% Majors
0.6% IOCs

19.4% Others

17.8% Others

2.7% Majors
0.7% IOCs

78.8% NOCs

76.1% NOCs

2013

(million barrels as at 31st December)

North America
209,865

Russia and C. Asia


118,281

Europe
12,998
7.6% Majors
2.4% IOCs

0.5% Others 8.3% Majors


0.2% IOCs

25.3% Majors
1.5% NOCs
Middle East
804,127

17.9% IOCs
53.6% Others

88.5% Others

3.2% NOCs

2.7% Others

91.0% NOCs

0.6% Majors

96.7% NOCs
Latin America
336,484
5.3% Others

0.7% Majors
0.5% IOCs

Asia - Pacific
48,364

Africa
127,989
32.1% Others

5.7% Majors
0.6% IOCs

43.7% Others

4.5% Majors
2.2% IOCs

93.5% NOCs
61.6% NOCs

49.6% NOCs

(*) Majors: BP, Chevron, Eni, ExxonMobil, Repsol, Shell, Total. IOCs: BG, BHP Billiton, ConocoPhillips, OMV, Statoil, Woodside Petroleum. NOCs: ADNOC, Bahrain NOC,
Bashneft, CBNOOC, CNPC, CPC Taiwan, Dubai Petroleum, Ecopetrol, EGPC, Gazprom, INOC, Israel NOC, KazMunaiGaz, KNOC, KPC, Lybian NOC, MEDCO Energy,
MOGE, Morocco NOC, Mubadala Abu-Dhabi, NIOC, NNPC, Novatek, Oil India, ONGC, Pakistan Oil Field, Pakistan Petroleum, PDO, PdVSA, Pemex, Pertamina,
Petrobras, PetroChina, Petronas, PetroVietnam, PGNiG, PTTEP, QP, Rosneft, Saudi Aramco, Sinopec, SOCAR Azerbaijan, Sonangol, Sonatrach, Surgutneftegas,
Syria Petroleum, Tatneft, Turkmengas, Uzbekneftegas.

Oil
Oil - Production

Areas and Aggregates


Crude and non conventional oil, natural gas liquids
(thousand barrels/day)

y/y

CAGR

Europe

2000
7,098

2005
5,953

2010
4,401

2012
3,698

2013
3,523

Russia and Central Asia

7,864

11,703

13,419

13,519

13,754

1.7%

4.4%

23,510

25,556

25,388

28,084

28,013

-0.2%

1.4%

Africa

7,803

9,913

10,395

9,985

9,287

-7.0%

1.3%

Asia - Pacific

7,941

8,062

8,450

8,383

8,192

-2.3%

0.2%

Americas
- North America
- Latin America

20,989
10,745
10,244

20,985
10,122
10,864

21,433
11,107
10,326

23,273
12,926
10,347

24,572
14,260
10,312

5.6%
10.3%
-0.3%

1.2%
2.2%
0.1%

World

75,205

82,172

83,485

86,941

87,342

0.5%

1.2%

3,570

2,795

2,074

1,601

1,512

-5.5%

-6.4%

MENA

27,223

29,959

29,627

32,112

31,477

-2.0%

1.1%

OECD
NON OECD

21,878
53,327

20,159
62,013

18,886
64,598

19,877
67,064

20,925
66,417

5.3%
-1.0%

-0.3%
1.7%

OPEC
NON OPEC

30,769
44,437

34,781
47,390

34,738
48,747

37,581
49,360

36,848
50,495

-2.0%
2.3%

1.4%
1.0%

Middle East

European Union

(2013-2012)

-4.7%

(2013-2000)

-5.2%

World Oil Production (2013)

World Oil Production Growth (2000-2013)

87,342 thousand barrels/day

12,137 thousand barrels/day

-4,000 -3,000

-2,000

-1,000

1,000

2,000

3,000

4,000

4% Europe
9% Asia - Pacific
11% Africa
12% Latin America
16% Russia and Central Asia
16% North America
32% Middle East

2000-2005

2005-2010

2010-2013

5,000

6,000

Oil
Production

The World Top 10 Producers (*)


Crude and non conventional oil, natural gas liquids
(thousand barrels/day)

y/y

CAGR

Saudi Arabia

2000
9,348

2005
10,893

2010
9,972

2012
11,663

2013
11,566

Russia

6,527

9,636

10,456

10,728

10,877

1.4%

4.0%

United States

8,016

7,081

7,774

9,175

10,297

12.2%

1.9%

China

3,261

3,638

4,078

4,175

4,177

0.0%

1.9%

Canada

2,729

3,041

3,333

3,751

3,962

5.6%

2.9%

United Arab Emirates

2,622

2,995

2,846

3,398

3,570

5.1%

2.4%

Iran

3,760

4,225

4,240

3,541

3,194

-9.8%

-1.2%

Iraq

2,582

1,833

2,430

3,031

3,161

4.3%

1.6%

Kuwait

2,160

2,548

2,498

2,985

3,109

4.2%

2.8%

Mexico

3,452

3,768

2,960

2,920

2,889

-1.1%

-1.4%

The World Top 10

44,457

49,660

50,587

55,367

56,802

2.6%

1.9%

Rest of the World

30,748

32,512

32,898

31,574

30,540

-3.3%

-0.1%

75,205

82,172

83,485

86,941

87,342

0.5%

1.2%

World

(2013-2012)

-0.8%

(2013-2000)

1.7%

(*) Data source: Monthly Oil Data Services OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.

Saudi Arabia 13.2%

Russia 12.5%

United States 11.8%

China 4.8%

Canada 4.5%

U. Arab Emirates 4.1%

3.6%
Iraq

Iran 3.7%

3.6%
Kuwait

Share of World Total

3.3%

The World Top 10 (2013)

Mexico

10

Oil
Oil - Production

Countries (*)
Crude and non conventional oil, natural gas liquids
(thousand barrels/day)

y/y

Europe
Albania
Austria
Belarus
Bulgaria
Croatia
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Serbia and Montenegro
Slovakia
Spain
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom

2000
7,098
6
20
37
1
28
8
363
5
44
86
6
39
78
49
3,331
15
0
131
20
1
5
53
82
2,694

2005
5,953
8
19
36
1
21
12
388
5
36
113
2
37
124
47
2,961
28
0
113
13
7
3
44
97
1,838

2010
4,401
13
25
33
1
20
6
255
10
31
76
2
25
108
36
2,136
19
0
92
18
5
3
48
79
1,361

2012
3,698
17
23
30
1
16
7
201
12
27
79
2
23
108
41
1,914
20
0
89
20
5
4
45
70
943

2013
3,523
17
21
29
1
16
5
175
12
24
80
1
25
113
45
1,835
28
1
89
17
7
8
46
66
860

(2013-2012)

Russia and Central Asia


Russia
Azerbaijan
Georgia
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan

2000
7,864
6,527
282
2
718
2
0
158
175

2005
11,703
9,636
449
1
1,295
2
0
201
118

2010
13,419
10,456
1,042
1
1,635
1
0
196
88

2012
13,519
10,728
879
1
1,627
2
1
214
68

2013
13,754
10,877
885
1
1,683
1
1
239
68

(2013-2012)

2000
23,510
198
3,760
2,582
2,160
958
860
9,348
573
2,622
450

2005
25,556
198
4,225
1,833
2,548
777
1,216
10,893
448
2,995
421

2010
25,388
192
4,240
2,430
2,498
867
1,668
9,972
385
2,846
291

2012
28,084
184
3,541
3,031
2,985
922
2,011
11,663
171
3,398
179

2013
28,013
209
3,194
3,161
3,109
951
2,056
11,566
56
3,570
141

(2013-2012)

Middle East
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen

-4.7%
1.1%
-7.9%
-4.9%
0.0%
-1.3%
-19.1%
-13.0%
3.7%
-12.3%
1.6%
-14.7%
6.5%
4.7%
11.3%
-4.1%
42.8%
65.6%
0.2%
-14.7%
40.0%
91.3%
2.9%
-5.6%
-8.8%

y/y

1.7%
1.4%
0.6%
-9.6%
3.4%
-7.9%
-5.0%
11.6%
-0.4%

y/y

-0.2%
13.6%
-9.8%
4.3%
4.2%
3.1%
2.3%
-0.8%
-67.2%
5.1%
-21.3%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

-5.2%
8.7%
0.5%
-1.9%
5.5%
-4.3%
-2.4%
-5.5%
7.7%
-4.6%
-0.5%
-10.5%
-3.4%
2.9%
-0.5%
-4.5%
5.3%
-3.0%
-1.1%
14.8%
4.2%
-1.0%
-1.6%
-8.4%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

4.4%
4.0%
9.2%
-9.2%
6.8%
-0.1%
2.8%
3.2%
-7.0%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

(*) Data source: Monthly Oil Data Services OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.

1.4%
0.4%
-1.2%
1.6%
2.8%
-0.1%
6.9%
1.7%
-16.4%
2.4%
-8.5%

11

12

Oil
Production

Countries (*)
Crude and non conventional oil, natural gas liquids
(thousand barrels/day)

y/y

Africa
Algeria
Angola
Cameroon
Chad
Congo
Cte dIvoire
Dem. Rep. Congo
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Ghana
Libya
Mauritania
Morocco
Niger
Nigeria
South Africa
Sudan
Tunisia

2000
7,803
1,436
745
114
0
265
7
23
727
118
276
7
1,471
0
0
0
2,160
199
177
78

2005
9,913
1,931
1,245
89
170
247
40
25
677
358
270
6
1,721
0
1
0
2,546
208
305
73

2010
10,395
1,765
1,820
64
130
301
45
25
729
274
255
7
1,661
9
0
0
2,595
165
465
84

2012
9,985
1,761
1,854
64
137
289
42
24
721
272
245
81
1,476
7
0
15
2,627
186
113
70

2013
9,287
1,748
1,794
69
128
281
34
24
698
267
237
104
953
6
0
20
2,459
180
221
65

(2013-2012)

Asia - Pacific
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
East Timor
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
Mongolia
Myanmar
New Zealand
Pakistan
Papua New Guinea
Philippines
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam

2000
7,941
802
4
195
3,261
0
770
1,459
17
711
0
12
45
58
64
1
13
1
194
333

2005
8,062
545
6
206
3,638
92
771
1,084
18
794
1
22
24
66
54
48
10
1
297
386

2010
8,450
561
5
153
4,078
88
905
975
18
718
6
19
60
66
31
47
21
0
383
317

2012
8,383
480
5
159
4,175
80
906
890
16
673
6
17
47
66
27
34
21
0
425
356

2013
8,192
403
4
135
4,177
79
898
840
14
658
5
16
41
63
28
39
19
0
427
345

(2013-2012)

Americas
Argentina
Barbados
Bolivia
Brazil
Canada
Chile
Colombia
Cuba
Ecuador
Guatemala
Mexico
Peru
Suriname
Trinidad and Tobago
United States
Venezuela

2000
20,989
831
1
39
1,271
2,729
9
688
51
404
21
3,452
104
10
143
8,016
3,220

2005
20,985
790
1
58
1,702
3,041
8
528
54
534
18
3,768
116
12
181
7,081
3,093

2010
21,433
734
1
51
2,144
3,333
13
788
56
468
12
2,960
155
21
148
7,774
2,775

2012
23,273
662
1
60
2,155
3,751
11
947
52
502
11
2,920
153
19
120
9,175
2,733

2013
24,572
628
1
62
2,117
3,962
11
1,008
50
515
10
2,889
166
16
119
10,297
2,722

(2013-2012)

-7.0%
-0.8%
-3.2%
7.1%
-6.8%
-2.6%
-18.9%
-1.9%
-3.1%
-1.9%
-3.3%
27.7%
-35.5%
-15.4%
0.0%
31.1%
-6.4%
-3.3%
96.2%
-7.2%

y/y

-2.3%
-16.0%
-4.9%
-14.8%
0.0%
-0.5%
-0.9%
-5.6%
-14.1%
-2.4%
-4.9%
-4.9%
-11.6%
-5.2%
3.2%
12.7%
-8.7%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

1.3%
1.5%
7.0%
-3.8%

0.4%
13.0%
0.3%
-0.3%
6.5%
-1.2%
23.0%
-3.3%
-1.7%
1.0%
-0.8%
1.7%
-1.4%
CAGR

(2013-2000)

0.2%
-5.2%
0.6%
-2.8%
1.9%

1.2%
-4.2%
-1.6%
-0.6%
29.7%
2.3%
-0.6%
0.7%
-6.1%
33.1%
3.1%

0.7%
-3.2%
y/y

5.6%
-5.0%
-9.6%
3.6%
-1.8%
5.6%
-6.4%
6.4%
-4.9%
2.7%
-2.6%
-1.1%
8.7%
-17.8%
-1.2%
12.2%
-0.4%

6.3%
0.3%
CAGR

(2013-2000)

(*) Data source: Monthly Oil Data Services OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.

1.2%
-2.1%
-2.0%
3.7%
4.0%
2.9%
1.2%
3.0%
-0.2%
1.9%
-5.3%
-1.4%
3.7%
3.6%
-1.4%
1.9%
-1.3%

Oil
Oil - Production

Cluster of Companies (*)


2000

2013

World: 75,205 thousand barrels/day

World: 87,342 thousand barrels/day

15% Majors

20% Others

23% Others

11% Majors
3% IOCs

2% IOCs

63% NOCs

63% NOCs

2013

(thousand barrels/day)
Russia and C. Asia
13,754

Europe
3,523

North America
14,260

5% IOCs
2% NOCs

83% NOCs

6% Majors

9% Others

1% NOCs

12% Majors
1% IOCs

Middle East
28,013

25% IOCs

50% Others

78% Others

4% Others

24% Majors

15% Majors

85% NOCs
Latin America
10,312
20% Others

3% Majors
1% IOCs

Asia - Pacific
8,192

Africa
9,287
2% Others

25% Majors

30% Others

7% Majors
3% IOCs

3% IOCs

76% NOCs
70% NOCs

60% NOCs

(*) Majors: BP, Chevron, Eni, ExxonMobil, Repsol, Shell, Total. IOCs: BG, BHP Billiton, ConocoPhillips, OMV, Statoil, Woodside Petroleum. NOCs: ADNOC, Bahrain NOC,
Bashneft, CBNOOC, CNPC, CPC Taiwan, Dubai Petroleum, Ecopetrol, EGPC, Gazprom, INOC, Israel NOC, KazMunaiGaz, KNOC, KPC, Lybian NOC, MEDCO Energy,
MOGE, Morocco NOC, Mubadala Abu-Dhabi, NIOC, NNPC, Novatek, Oil India, ONGC, Pakistan Oil Field, Pakistan Petroleum, PDO, PdVSA, Pemex, Pertamina, Petrobras, PetroChina, Petronas, PetroVietnam, PGNiG, PTTEP, QP, Rosneft, Saudi Aramco, Sinopec, SOCAR Azerbaijan, Sonangol, Sonatrach, Surgutneftegas, Syria
Petroleum, Tatneft, Turkmengas, Uzbekneftegas.

13

Oil
Production

The World Top 10 Natural Gas Liquids Producers (*)


(thousand barrels/day)

y/y

CAGR

United States

2000
1,911

2005
1,717

2010
2,074

2012
2,408

2013
2,557

Saudi Arabia

1,011

1,460

1,710

1,795

1,819

1.3%

4.6%

Qatar

173

442

898

1,136

1,175

3.5%

15.9%

United Arab Emirates

384

537

535

745

808

8.4%

5.9%

Russia

245

503

655

739

783

5.9%

9.3%

Canada

706

668

608

622

665

7.0%

-0.5%

Algeria

630

603

560

596

600

0.6%

-0.4%

75

346

535

537

512

-4.6%

15.9%

Nigeria

121

141

514

528

507

-4.1%

11.6%

Norway

217

408

337

381

372

-2.6%

4.2%

The World Top 10

5,474

6,827

8,426

9,487

9,797

3.3%

4.6%

Rest of the World

2,361

2,904

3,236

3,176

3,194

0.6%

2.3%

7,835

9,730

11,662

12,663

12,991

2.6%

4.0%

Iran

World

(2013-2012)

6.2%

(2013-2000)

United States 19.7%

Saudi Arabia 14.0%

Qatar 9.0%

U. Arab Emirates 6.2%

Russia 6.0%

Canada 5.1%

Algeria 4.6%

Iran 3.9%

Nigeria 3.9%

Share of World Total

2.9%

The World Top 10 (2013)

Norway

14

(*) Data source: Monthly Oil Data Services OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.

2.3%

Oil
Biofuels
Oil - Production

Total Biofuels (*)


(thousand barrels/day)

2012

World

World: 1,834 thousand barrels/day

2,000

1,500

1,000

500

0
2000

2005

2010

2012

0.9%
1.0%
1.2%
1.7%
2.1%
3.0%

Spain
Sweden
Italy
Canada
China
Argentina

France
Germany
Brazil
United States
Rest of the World

3.1%
4.0%
23.3%
48.0%
11.7%

Biogasoline (*)
(thousand barrels/day)

2012

World

World: 1,161 thousand barrels/day

1,200

900

600

300

0
2000

2005

2010

2012

0.6%
0.7%
0.7%
1.0%
1.1%
1.2%

Sweden
Croatia
Australia
Togo
Germany
France

Canada
China
Brazil
United States
Rest of the World

2.5%
3.1%
14.4%
70.2%
4.5%

Biodiesel (*)
(thousand barrels/day)

2012

World

World: 441 thousand barrels/day

500
450
400
350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
2000

2005

2010

2012

Spain
Poland
Togo
Netherlands
Indonesia
France

2.2%
2.8%
3.4%
5.2%
8.6%
9.8%

Brazil
Argentina
Germany
United States
Rest of the World

10.2%
11.6%
12.4%
14.3%
19.5%

(*) Data source: IEA Extended Balances OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.

Total Biofuels include biogasoline, biodiesel and other biofuels (among others, ethanol used pure in Brazil Hydrous and vegetable oil used pure in Germany).

15

16

Oil
Reserves/Production Ratios

Areas and Aggregates


(years)

y/y

CAGR

2000
8

2005
8

2010
8

2012
9

2013
10

Russia and Central Asia

20

18

20

24

24

-1.7%

1.4%

Middle East

80

80

81

78

79

0.5%

-0.1%

Africa

27

29

33

35

38

7.8%

2.7%

Asia - Pacific

16

14

14

16

16

4.2%

-0.1%

Americas
- North America
- Latin America

43
52
33

42
55
29

68
49
88

64
44
89

61
40
89

-4.7%
-7.9%
0.4%

2.8%
-2.0%
8.0%

World

44

43

51

52

52

0.0%

1.3%

11

11

4.1%

3.7%

MENA

73

73

75

74

76

2.3%

0.3%

OECD
NON OECD

32
49

32
47

33
57

32
58

31
59

-3.5%
1.2%

-0.3%
1.4%

OPEC
NON OPEC

73
24

71
23

91
23

88
25

90
24

2.2%
-1.2%

1.6%
0.1%

Europe

European Union

(2013-2012)

8.1%

(2013-2000)

2.3%

Reserves/Production Ratios (2013)

North America

World: 52 years

Europe

40

10

38

89
Latin America

Africa

24

79
Middle East

Russia and
Central Asia

16

Asia - Pacific

Oil
Reserves/Production
Oil - Production
Ratios

The World Top 10 Producers Ranked by Reserves/Production Ratio (*)


(years)

y/y

CAGR

Iran

2000
65

2005
86

2010
89

2012
120

2013
135

Iraq

119

172

130

128

122

-4.8%

0.1%

Canada

182

161

144

126

120

-5.3%

-3.2%

Kuwait

122

112

114

95

92

-4.0%

-2.2%

United Arab Emirates

102

89

94

79

75

-4.8%

-2.3%

Saudi Arabia

77

67

72

63

64

1.0%

-1.4%

Russia

20

17

16

20

20

-1.4%

-0.1%

China

20

14

14

16

16

2.7%

-1.8%

10

10

-2.2%

1.5%

22

10

10

10

-0.8%

-6.4%

United States (**)


Mexico

(2013-2012)

12.8%

(2013-2000)

5.7%

Iran 135

64
Saudi Arabia

Iraq 122

20
Russia

Canada 120

16
China

Kuwait 92

10
United States

U. Arab Emirates 75

10

Years

Mexico

The World Top 10 (2013)

(*) Data source: Enis calculations. The original data are from Enerdata Global Energy Market & CO2 Database and Monthly Oil Data Services OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.
(**) The original data are from EIA DOE and Monthly Oil Data Services OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.

17

18

Oil
Reserves/Production Ratios

Countries (*)
(years)

y/y

Europe
Albania
Austria
Belarus
Bulgaria
Croatia
Czech Republic
Denmark
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Italy (**)
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Serbia and Montenegro
Slovakia
Spain
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom

2000
8
79
12
15
82
9
5
8
9
12
5
8
20
6
8
22
30
11
21
12
15
13
5

2005
8
67
9
15
41
9
4
9
12
9
10
8
10
6
7
9
23
16
3
129
19
11
6

2010
8
43
6
16
41
10
7
9
8
10
12
3
14
24
7
14
18
12
5
128
15
14
6

2012
9
28
6
18
41
12
6
11
9
9
17
3
15
16
8
22
19
10
5
99
16
15
9

2013
10
27
6
19
41
12
7
13
10
8
20
3
14
16
9
15
19
12
4
52
17
16
9

(2013-2012)

Russia and Central Asia


Russia
Azerbaijan
Georgia
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan

2000
20
20
11
44
21
73
82
9
9

2005
18
17
43
72
19
50
99
7
14

2010
20
16
18
114
50
120
164
8
18

2012
24
20
22
139
51
68
55
8
24

2013
24
20
22
154
49
74
58
7
24

(2013-2012)

Middle East
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen

2000
80
2
65
119
122
16
42
77
12
102
24

2005
80
2
86
172
112
19
34
67
15
89
26

2010
81
2
89
130
114
17
42
72
18
94
28

2012
78
2
120
128
95
16
35
63
40
79
46

2013
79
2
135
122
92
16
34
64
122
75
58

(2013-2012)

8.1%
-3.4%
12.8%
5.1%
0.0%
1.3%
23.6%
14.9%
19.9%
-9.9%
17.3%
-6.6%
-7.2%
-4.2%
13.2%
-29.9%
-0.2%
17.2%
-28.6%
-47.7%
6.0%
5.9%
6.7%

y/y

-1.7%
-1.4%
-0.6%
10.6%
-3.3%
8.6%
5.2%
-10.4%
0.4%

y/y

0.5%
-11.9%
12.8%
-4.8%
-4.0%
-3.0%
-2.8%
1.0%
204.6%
-4.8%
27.0%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

2.3%
-7.9%
-4.8%
1.9%
-5.2%
2.5%
2.5%
3.5%
1.0%
-3.2%
11.7%
-7.0%
-2.7%
7.6%
0.9%
-2.7%
-3.6%
1.0%
-12.9%
11.7%
1.0%
1.6%
5.3%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

1.4%
-0.1%
5.0%
10.1%
6.8%
0.1%
-2.7%
-2.4%
7.5%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

-0.1%
-1.8%
5.7%
0.1%
-2.2%
0.0%
-1.7%
-1.4%
19.6%
-2.3%
7.0%

(*) Data source: Enis calculations. The original data are from Enerdata Global Energy Market & CO2 Database and Monthly Oil Data Services OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.
(**) The original data are from Italian Ministry for Economic Development and Monthly Oil Data Services OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.

Oil
Reserves/Production
Oil - Production
Ratios

Countries (*)
(years)

Africa
Algeria
Angola
Cameroon
Chad
Congo
Cte d'Ivoire
Dem. Rep. Congo
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Ghana
Libya
Mauritania
Morocco
Nigeria
Sudan
Tunisia

Asia - Pacific
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
Myanmar
New Zealand
Pakistan
Papua New Guinea
Philippines
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam

Americas
Argentina
Barbados
Bolivia
Brazil
Canada
Chile
Colombia
Cuba
Ecuador
Guatemala
Mexico
Peru
Suriname
Trinidad and Tobago
United States (**)
Venezuela

2000
27
18
20
10
16
39
22
11
28
25
7
55

2005
29
16
12
12
24
17
7
20
15
9
25
8
62

20
29
4
11

4
39
5
12

2000
16
17
39
19
20
17
9
9
15
11
8
10
15
11
5
16

2005
14
19
13
18
14
20
11
9
10
6
6
12
12
8
12
3
22

2010
14
19
15
20
14
17
11
7
15
7
5
13
8
8

2012
16
22
17
19
16
17
11
7
16
8
5
10
16
11

2013
16
27
18
22
16
17
12
9
17
9
5
15
18
10

3
38

3
34

3
35

2000
43
10
8
28
17
182
45
8
15
14
69
22
8
20
13
8
65

2005
42
8
8
21
18
161
54
8
38
24
78
9
22
25
15
9
71

2010
68
9
5
25
16
144
31
7
6
38
19
10
9
10
13
9
293

2012
64
12
7
10
17
126
36
6
6
45
22
10
10
11
17
10
298

2013
61
12
10
9
17
120
39
6
7
44
22
10
10
13
17
10
300

y/y

2010
33
19
14
9
32
15
6
20
17
11
21
264
77
30
12
39
29
14

2012
35
19
15
9
30
15
6
20
17
11
22
22
89
8
8
39
122
17

2013
38
19
16
8
32
16
8
21
17
11
23
17
139
10
8
41
62
18

(2013-2012)

(2013-2012)

7.8%
0.8%
3.3%
-6.6%
7.3%
2.7%
23.4%
1.9%
3.2%
1.9%
3.4%
-21.7%
56.4%
18.1%
0.0%
6.6%
-49.0%
7.8%

y/y

4.2%
19.9%
5.1%
17.3%
2.7%
4.2%
2.8%
16.4%
2.4%
5.1%
13.1%
45.7%
16.8%
-11.3%
-1.6%
3.3%

y/y

(2013-2012)

-4.7%
5.8%
39.0%
-3.5%
2.3%
-5.3%
6.9%
1.6%
5.1%
-2.6%
2.7%
-0.8%
0.5%
21.5%
1.2%
-2.2%
0.5%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

2.7%
0.7%
-1.7%
-1.4%

0.0%
-11.5%
-0.6%
3.5%
-6.7%
-0.6%
7.7%
7.4%
-6.3%
2.9%
23.3%
4.0%
CAGR

(2013-2000)

-0.1%
3.6%
-5.9%
1.3%
-1.8%
0.2%
1.7%
-0.6%
0.8%
-2.2%
-2.8%
3.2%
1.2%
-4.1%
6.2%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

2.8%
1.5%
1.6%
-8.1%
-0.2%
-3.2%
-1.2%
-1.5%
-6.0%
9.0%
-8.3%
-6.4%
1.9%
-3.2%
1.9%
1.5%
12.4%

(*) Data source: Enis calculations. The original data are from Enerdata Global Energy Market & CO2 Database and Monthly Oil Data Services OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.
(**) The original data are from EIA DOE and Monthly Oil Data Services OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.

19

20

Oil
Consumption

Areas and Aggregates


(thousand barrels/day)

y/y

CAGR

2000
16,423

2005
17,066

2010
15,859

2012
14,991

2013
14,882

Russia and Central Asia

3,269

3,313

3,624

3,942

4,078

3.4%

1.7%

Middle East

4,959

6,102

7,567

8,003

8,129

1.6%

3.9%

Africa

2,471

2,955

3,529

3,657

3,788

3.6%

3.3%

Asia - Pacific

21,063

24,399

27,595

29,443

29,837

1.3%

2.7%

Americas
- North America
- Latin America

29,090
22,013
7,077

30,905
23,483
7,422

30,228
21,741
8,487

30,023
21,121
8,903

30,617
21,531
9,086

2.0%
1.9%
2.1%

0.4%
-0.2%
1.9%

World

77,275

84,741

88,403

90,059

91,330

1.4%

1.3%

European Union

14,666

15,186

14,067

13,125

12,944

-1.4%

-1.0%

6,214

7,562

9,281

9,698

9,924

2.3%

3.7%

OECD
NON OECD

48,555
28,720

50,534
34,206

47,020
41,383

45,973
44,086

46,050
45,280

0.2%
2.7%

-0.4%
3.6%

OPEC
NON OPEC

5,478
71,797

6,781
77,959

8,546
79,857

8,861
81,198

9,056
82,274

2.2%
1.3%

3.9%
1.1%

Europe

MENA

(2013-2012)

-0.7%

(2013-2000)

-0.8%

World Oil Consumption (2013)

World Oil Consumption Growth (2000-2013)

91,330 thousand barrels/day

14,055 thousand barrels/day

-3,000 -1,500

4%
4%
9%
10%
16%
24%
33%

1,500

3,000

4,500

6,000

7,500

Africa
Russia and Central Asia
Middle East
Latin America
Europe
North America
Asia - Pacific

2000-2005

2005-2010

2010-2013

9,000

Oil
OilConsumption
- Production

The World Top 10 Consumers (*)


(thousand barrels/day)

y/y

CAGR

2000
19,999

2005
21,168

2010
19,476

2012
18,843

2013
19,242

China

4,642

6,748

8,930

9,820

10,099

2.8%

6.2%

Japan

5,515

5,328

4,455

4,726

4,563

-3.5%

-1.4%

Russia

2,702

2,730

2,983

3,299

3,431

4.0%

1.9%

India

2,350

2,573

3,119

3,350

3,368

0.5%

2.8%

Brazil

2,135

2,173

2,774

2,986

3,105

4.0%

2.9%

Saudi Arabia

1,571

1,941

2,687

2,922

2,983

2.1%

5.1%

Germany

2,767

2,621

2,470

2,388

2,405

0.7%

-1.1%

South Korea

2,135

2,191

2,269

2,301

2,305

0.2%

0.6%

Canada

2,014

2,315

2,265

2,278

2,289

0.5%

1.0%

The World Top 10

45,830

49,788

51,427

52,913

53,791

1.7%

1.2%

Rest of the World

31,445

34,953

36,976

37,146

37,539

1.1%

1.4%

77,275

84,741

88,403

90,059

91,330

1.4%

1.3%

United States

World

(2013-2012)

2.1%

(2013-2000)

United States 21.1%

China 11.1%

Japan 5.0%

Russia 3.8%

India 3.7%

Brazil 3.4%

Saudi Arabia 3.3%

Germany 2.6%

South Korea 2.5%

Share of World Total

Canada 2.5%

The World Top 10 (2013)

(*) Data source: Monthly Oil Data Services OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.

-0.3%

21

22

Oil
Consumption

Countries (*)
(thousand barrels/day)

y/y

Europe
Albania
Austria
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Gibraltar
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macedonia
Malta
Moldova
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Serbia and Montenegro
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom

2000
16,423
21
251
159
606
23
86
86
50
170
210
21
215
2,001
2,767
22
399
143
18
170
1,854
29
49
48
19
29
10
855
211
411
333
206
80
67
50
1,433
362
274
663
257
1,765

2005
17,066
29
299
151
660
24
99
98
57
213
183
25
220
1,991
2,621
32
424
155
19
192
1,781
37
61
65
18
32
14
1,021
217
470
337
228
142
79
54
1,607
360
271
648
316
1,819

2010
15,859
25
279
140
655
33
88
81
57
201
167
26
216
1,833
2,470
50
372
149
21
161
1,544
35
52
60
18
46
16
1,020
222
564
274
177
87
84
55
1,441
336
266
650
263
1,621

2012
14,991
26
259
169
618
31
89
87
56
195
155
26
196
1,740
2,388
56
318
133
20
133
1,353
35
52
61
18
42
18
1,021
222
522
234
183
87
70
55
1,289
311
250
694
277
1,503

2013
14,882
25
261
169
635
33
86
88
53
189
153
28
196
1,733
2,405
59
294
134
20
138
1,301
35
52
61
18
43
18
987
234
503
244
184
88
71
50
1,204
306
262
735
278
1,510

(2013-2012)

Russia and Central Asia


Russia
Armenia
Azerbaijan
Georgia
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan

2000
3,269
2,702
8
125
17
171
9
4
91
141

2005
3,313
2,730
9
107
17
204
12
6
121
106

2010
3,624
2,983
8
69
19
315
27
11
118
74

2012
3,942
3,299
9
84
22
283
28
12
132
73

2013
4,078
3,431
9
85
22
285
29
12
133
73

(2013-2012)

-0.7%
-0.4%
0.9%
0.4%
2.7%
5.2%
-3.3%
0.8%
-4.7%
-3.1%
-1.6%
8.3%
-0.5%
-0.4%
0.7%
5.5%
-7.5%
1.3%
-2.5%
3.2%
-3.8%
0.4%
0.4%
-0.4%
1.7%
1.4%
0.4%
-3.4%
5.4%
-3.7%
4.3%
0.4%
2.2%
0.9%
-8.8%
-6.6%
-1.5%
4.8%
5.9%
0.4%
0.5%

y/y

3.4%
4.0%
0.4%
0.4%
0.4%
0.4%
0.4%
0.4%
0.4%
0.4%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

-0.8%
1.5%
0.3%
0.5%
0.4%
2.6%
0.0%
0.1%
0.5%
0.8%
-2.4%
2.2%
-0.7%
-1.1%
-1.1%
7.9%
-2.3%
-0.5%
0.7%
-1.6%
-2.7%
1.6%
0.4%
1.9%
-0.2%
3.1%
4.3%
1.1%
0.8%
1.6%
-2.4%
-0.9%
0.8%
0.5%
0.0%
-1.3%
-1.3%
-0.3%
0.8%
0.6%
-1.2%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

(*) Data source: Monthly Oil Data Services OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.

1.7%
1.9%
0.6%
-3.0%
1.7%
4.0%
9.1%
8.5%
2.9%
-4.9%

Oil
OilConsumption
- Production

Countries (*)
(thousand barrels/day)

y/y

Middle East
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Jordan
Kuwait
Lebanon
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen

2000
4,959
28
1,376
469
252
101
216
93
64
48
1,571
228
415
98

2005
6,102
40
1,678
534
233
111
327
97
92
89
1,941
324
499
139

2010
7,567
46
1,829
651
251
103
459
120
151
202
2,687
299
609
161

2012
8,003
44
1,791
746
281
136
456
127
175
208
2,922
307
671
138

2013
8,129
45
1,795
779
244
139
447
130
186
231
2,983
302
708
141

(2013-2012)

Africa
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Cameroon
Congo
Cte d'Ivoire
Dem. Rep. Congo
Egypt
Ethiopia
Gabon
Ghana
Kenya
Libya
Morocco
Mozambique
Nigeria
Senegal
South Africa
Sudan
Tanzania
Tunisia
Zambia
Zimbabwe
Others Africa

2000
2,471
240
37
10
21
4
26
8
539
23
13
39
61
245
147
10
227
31
435
44
17
84
11
23
176

2005
2,955
271
47
19
22
6
24
13
638
33
15
48
61
265
195
11
307
37
512
74
30
91
13
14
207

2010
3,529
352
107
35
35
12
25
16
688
43
18
71
87
325
261
16
305
39
592
110
30
88
13
13
249

2012
3,657
378
118
38
37
14
25
19
704
50
19
75
93
239
288
19
343
41
636
97
35
85
16
14
274

2013
3,788
395
128
40
38
14
27
20
765
55
22
79
96
253
297
20
342
42
621
99
37
86
16
13
285

(2013-2012)

1.6%
1.8%
0.2%
4.4%
-13.5%
1.8%
-2.1%
2.4%
6.6%
10.8%
2.1%
-1.6%
5.5%
2.1%

y/y

3.6%
4.4%
7.7%
5.8%
4.1%
-3.5%
5.6%
5.4%
8.6%
10.0%
12.9%
5.1%
3.7%
5.9%
2.9%
4.7%
-0.4%
2.2%
-2.4%
1.8%
5.7%
1.2%
3.2%
-2.9%
4.3%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

3.9%
3.9%
2.1%
4.0%
-0.3%
2.5%
5.8%
2.6%
8.5%
12.8%
5.1%
2.2%
4.2%
2.8%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

(*) Data source: Monthly Oil Data Services OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.

3.3%
3.9%
10.0%
10.9%
4.6%
9.7%
0.3%
7.2%
2.7%
6.9%
4.0%
5.5%
3.5%
0.3%
5.6%
5.7%
3.2%
2.2%
2.8%
6.5%
6.0%
0.1%
3.3%
-4.1%
3.8%

23

24

Oil
Consumption

Countries (*)
(thousand barrels/day)

y/y

Asia - Pacific
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
Hong Kong
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
Myanmar
Nepal
New Zealand
North Korea
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Sri Lanka
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Others Asia - Pacific

2000
21,063
872
66
13
4,642
250
2,350
1,153
5,515
445
37
15
134
21
374
350
745
2,135
76
867
748
165
91

2005
24,399
1,028
91
14
6,748
290
2,573
1,342
5,328
509
42
16
153
19
336
312
917
2,191
96
992
1,007
267
126

2010
27,595
1,060
98
17
8,930
395
3,119
1,483
4,455
633
25
22
152
17
426
314
1,346
2,269
91
1,027
1,138
414
166

2012
29,443
1,126
105
18
9,820
363
3,350
1,601
4,726
722
26
24
150
17
438
301
1,388
2,301
103
935
1,264
478
188

2013
29,837
1,136
106
18
10,099
371
3,368
1,636
4,563
740
27
25
153
17
454
320
1,404
2,305
106
984
1,304
506
195

(2013-2012)

Americas
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Canada
Chile
Colombia
Costa Rica
Cuba
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
El Salvador
Guatemala
Haiti
Honduras
Jamaica
Mexico
Netherlands Antilles
Nicaragua
Panama
Paraguay
Peru
Trinidad and Tobago
United States
Uruguay
Venezuela
Others Americas

2000
29,090
552
40
2,135
2,014
240
270
37
194
122
138
37
61
10
28
66
2,096
75
24
84
23
163
29
19,999
43
497
113

2005
30,905
572
47
2,173
2,315
272
263
46
176
114
183
45
72
14
43
70
2,117
80
27
87
24
160
41
21,168
43
641
112

2010
30,228
704
63
2,774
2,265
323
270
49
177
109
249
43
71
14
47
57
2,080
77
30
115
35
202
42
19,476
55
772
130

2012
30,023
731
70
2,986
2,278
356
305
51
171
108
252
46
74
15
49
60
2,144
89
32
124
36
225
42
18,843
63
735
138

2013
30,617
771
74
3,105
2,289
359
315
53
171
109
262
47
76
15
51
61
2,105
91
33
134
38
235
42
19,242
64
734
141

(2013-2012)

1.3%
0.9%
1.3%
2.8%
2.8%
2.3%
0.5%
2.1%
-3.5%
2.5%
2.7%
3.8%
2.0%
0.0%
3.7%
6.5%
1.2%
0.2%
2.5%
5.3%
3.1%
5.9%
3.7%

y/y

2.0%
5.5%
5.9%
4.0%
0.5%
0.8%
3.0%
2.3%
0.1%
1.1%
4.1%
2.0%
1.6%
1.3%
3.3%
1.2%
-1.8%
2.0%
4.1%
7.7%
6.4%
4.9%
1.2%
2.1%
1.7%
-0.2%
2.2%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

2.7%
2.1%
3.7%
2.8%
6.2%
3.1%
2.8%
2.7%
-1.4%
4.0%
-2.4%
3.9%
1.0%
-1.4%
1.5%
-0.7%
5.0%
0.6%
2.5%
1.0%
4.4%
9.0%
6.1%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

(*) Data source: Monthly Oil Data Services OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.

0.4%
2.6%
4.8%
2.9%
1.0%
3.2%
1.2%
2.7%
-1.0%
-0.9%
5.1%
1.8%
1.7%
3.1%
4.5%
-0.6%
0.0%
1.5%
2.6%
3.6%
4.1%
2.8%
2.8%
-0.3%
3.2%
3.0%
1.7%

Oil
Per CapitaOilConsumption
- Production

Areas and Aggregates


(barrels)

y/y

CAGR

2000
9.35

2005
9.53

2010
8.68

2012
8.16

2013
8.08

5.48

5.57

6.05

6.44

6.64

3.1%

1.5%

10.89

11.91

13.00

13.18

13.13

-0.4%

1.4%

Africa

1.23

1.31

1.39

1.38

1.39

1.0%

0.9%

Asia - Pacific

2.25

2.46

2.65

2.78

2.79

0.4%

1.7%

12.75
25.63
4.97

12.76
26.08
4.88

11.82
23.07
5.26

11.51
22.07
5.39

11.62
22.32
5.44

1.0%
1.1%
0.9%

-0.7%
-1.1%
0.7%

4.61

4.76

4.68

4.66

4.67

0.3%

0.1%

11.11

11.28

10.24

9.51

9.36

-1.5%

-1.3%

7.38

8.15

9.01

9.07

9.11

0.5%

1.6%

OECD
NON OECD

15.36
2.11

15.41
2.35

13.84
2.67

13.37
2.77

13.32
2.81

-0.4%
1.4%

-1.1%
2.2%

OPEC
NON OPEC

6.15
4.53

6.80
4.63

7.61
4.49

7.54
4.47

7.54
4.48

0.0%
0.2%

1.6%
-0.1%

Europe
Russia and Central Asia
Middle East

Americas
- North America
- Latin America
World
European Union
MENA

(2013-2012)

-0.9%

(2013-2000)

North America 22.32

Middle East 13.13

5.44
Latin America

Europe 8.08

2.79
Asia - Pacific

Russia and C. Asia 6.64

1.39

Barrels

Africa

Per Capita Consumption (2013)

-1.1%

25

Oil
Per Capita Consumption

The World Top 10 Consumers Ranked by Per Capita Consumption (*)


(barrels)

y/y

CAGR

Saudi Arabia

2000
28.46

2005
28.70

2010
35.98

2012
37.70

2013
37.77

Canada

23.98

26.24

24.34

23.96

23.80

-0.7%

-0.1%

United States

25.81

26.06

22.93

21.86

22.15

1.3%

-1.2%

South Korea

16.95

17.01

17.09

17.14

17.08

-0.3%

0.1%

Japan

15.87

15.19

12.70

13.52

13.08

-3.3%

-1.5%

Germany

12.29

11.60

11.03

10.64

10.69

0.5%

-1.1%

Russia

6.72

6.96

7.76

8.41

8.77

4.3%

2.1%

Brazil

4.47

4.26

5.19

5.49

5.66

3.1%

1.8%

China

1.34

1.88

2.43

2.65

2.71

2.3%

5.6%

India

0.82

0.83

0.94

0.99

0.98

-0.7%

1.4%

(2013-2012)

0.2%

(2013-2000)

Saudi Arabia 37.77

Canada 23.80

United States 22.15

South Korea 17.08

Japan 13.08

Germany 10.69

Russia 8.77

Brazil 5.66

2.71
China

Barrels

0.98

The World Top 10 (2013)

India

26

(*) Data source: Enis calculations. The original data are from Monthly Oil Data Services OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014 and IHS Global Insight.

2.2%

Oil
Per CapitaOilConsumption
- Production

Countries (*)
(barrels)

y/y

Europe
Albania
Austria
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macedonia
Malta
Moldova
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Serbia and Montenegro
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom

2000
9.35
2.49
11.42
5.82
21.75
2.24
3.91
7.04
20.85
6.03
14.36
5.70
15.17
12.37
12.29
13.26
5.12
23.90
16.31
11.87
4.43
5.14
40.16
3.35
26.66
1.03
19.66
17.18
3.91
11.78
3.37
3.51
4.51
9.20
12.92
14.89
13.92
3.83
1.91
10.94

2005
9.53
3.50
13.28
5.71
23.13
2.24
4.68
8.12
21.48
7.59
12.36
6.95
15.28
11.88
11.60
14.01
5.60
24.12
16.85
11.08
6.07
6.74
50.75
3.17
28.82
1.46
22.86
17.11
4.49
11.70
3.77
6.41
5.32
9.80
13.30
14.53
13.32
3.49
2.44
10.99

2010
8.68
3.23
12.19
5.38
21.86
3.17
4.36
6.83
19.92
6.99
11.01
7.18
14.68
10.64
11.03
12.24
5.46
24.23
13.19
9.32
6.15
6.17
43.14
3.19
40.55
1.61
22.41
16.59
5.39
9.46
2.95
4.02
5.62
9.73
11.19
13.06
12.39
3.29
2.09
9.43

2012
8.16
3.31
11.21
6.55
20.39
2.94
4.45
7.36
18.84
6.79
10.14
7.36
13.26
10.00
10.64
10.43
4.87
23.02
10.62
8.11
6.25
6.27
42.19
3.08
36.67
1.81
22.30
16.22
4.99
8.06
3.07
4.04
4.75
9.75
9.95
11.93
11.40
3.42
2.22
8.61

2013
8.08
3.28
11.25
6.61
21.44
3.10
4.34
7.45
17.74
6.58
9.94
7.99
13.15
9.91
10.69
9.64
4.94
22.19
10.85
7.79
6.31
6.32
40.96
3.13
36.89
1.82
21.49
16.92
4.80
8.32
3.09
4.14
4.79
8.88
9.34
11.68
11.82
3.58
2.24
8.60

(2013-2012)

Russia and Central Asia


Russia
Armenia
Azerbaijan
Georgia
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan

2000
5.48
6.72
0.98
5.64
1.34
4.27
0.68
0.24
7.41
2.07

2005
5.57
6.96
1.10
4.56
1.43
4.93
0.89
0.33
9.33
1.48

2010
6.05
7.76
0.98
2.75
1.62
7.22
1.84
0.53
8.52
0.97

2012
6.44
8.41
1.04
3.31
1.81
6.36
1.90
0.54
9.34
0.93

2013
6.64
8.77
1.04
3.28
1.82
6.32
1.88
0.53
9.26
0.92

(2013-2012)

-0.9%
-0.7%
0.3%
1.0%
5.1%
5.4%
-2.5%
1.2%
-5.9%
-3.1%
-2.0%
8.6%
-0.8%
-0.9%
0.5%
-7.6%
1.5%
-3.6%
2.1%
-4.0%
0.9%
0.8%
-2.9%
1.6%
0.6%
0.4%
-3.6%
4.3%
-3.7%
3.3%
0.6%
2.6%
0.8%
-9.0%
-6.2%
-2.1%
3.6%
4.5%
1.1%
-0.1%

y/y

3.1%
4.3%
0.2%
-0.7%
0.8%
-0.6%
-0.9%
-2.0%
-0.8%
-0.9%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

-1.1%
2.1%
-0.1%
1.0%
-0.1%
2.5%
0.8%
0.4%
-1.2%
0.7%
-2.8%
2.6%
-1.1%
-1.7%
-1.1%
-2.4%
-0.3%
-0.6%
-3.1%
-3.2%
2.8%
1.6%
0.2%
-0.5%
2.5%
4.5%
0.7%
-0.1%
1.6%
-2.6%
-0.7%
1.3%
0.5%
-0.3%
-2.5%
-1.9%
-1.3%
-0.5%
1.2%
-1.8%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

(*) Data source: Enis calculations. The original data are from Monthly Oil Data Services OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014 and IHS Global Insight.

1.5%
2.1%
0.5%
-4.1%
2.4%
3.1%
8.1%
6.1%
1.7%
-6.0%

27

28

Oil
Per Capita Consumption

Countries (*)
(barrels)

y/y

Middle East
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Jordan
Kuwait
Lebanon
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen

2000
10.89
15.05
7.62
7.18
15.32
7.71
41.33
10.55
10.67
29.71
28.46
5.08
50.07
2.05

2005
11.91
16.42
8.73
7.11
12.90
7.77
52.03
8.85
13.25
39.50
28.70
6.50
43.87
2.51

2010
13.00
13.50
8.96
7.67
12.36
5.84
55.97
10.10
19.61
42.10
35.98
5.06
26.35
2.58

2012
13.18
12.27
8.55
8.31
13.44
7.09
51.24
9.98
19.24
37.06
37.70
5.12
26.61
2.11

2013
13.13
12.36
8.46
8.42
11.50
6.96
48.39
9.86
18.71
38.81
37.77
5.04
27.66
2.11

(2013-2012)

Africa
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Cameroon
Congo
Cte d'Ivoire
Dem. Rep. Congo
Egypt
Ethiopia
Gabon
Ghana
Kenya
Libya
Morocco
Mozambique
Nigeria
Senegal
South Africa
Sudan
Tanzania
Tunisia
Zambia
Zimbabwe

2000
1.23
2.76
1.03
0.55
0.52
0.48
0.56
0.06
2.97
0.12
3.78
0.76
0.71
17.25
1.86
0.20
0.67
1.16
3.58
0.47
0.18
3.23
0.39
0.67

2005
1.31
2.91
1.14
0.85
0.50
0.65
0.49
0.08
3.24
0.15
3.94
0.83
0.62
17.28
2.37
0.19
0.80
1.20
3.96
0.70
0.27
3.31
0.42
0.41

2010
1.39
3.46
2.29
1.34
0.71
1.13
0.46
0.09
3.22
0.18
4.34
1.07
0.77
19.66
3.01
0.25
0.70
1.10
4.36
0.92
0.24
3.01
0.35
0.36

2012
1.38
3.59
2.41
1.38
0.74
1.25
0.46
0.10
3.19
0.19
4.59
1.07
0.78
14.17
3.23
0.28
0.74
1.08
4.63
0.77
0.26
2.84
0.41
0.37

2013
1.39
3.68
2.54
1.43
0.76
1.18
0.48
0.10
3.40
0.21
5.10
1.11
0.79
14.88
3.28
0.28
0.72
1.08
4.49
0.77
0.27
2.84
0.41
0.35

(2013-2012)

-0.4%
0.7%
-1.1%
1.3%
-14.5%
-1.9%
-5.6%
-1.3%
-2.8%
4.7%
0.2%
-1.6%
4.0%
-0.2%

y/y

1.0%
2.5%
5.2%
3.0%
2.5%
-5.5%
4.1%
2.6%
6.8%
7.2%
11.2%
2.9%
0.9%
5.1%
1.4%
2.1%
-3.2%
-0.5%
-3.0%
-0.6%
2.6%
0.1%
-0.1%
-5.8%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

1.4%
-1.5%
0.8%
1.2%
-2.2%
-0.8%
1.2%
-0.5%
4.4%
2.1%
2.2%
-0.1%
-4.5%
0.2%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

(*) Data source: Enis calculations. The original data are from Monthly Oil Data Services OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014 and IHS Global Insight.

0.9%
2.2%
7.2%
7.6%
2.8%
7.3%
-1.2%
4.2%
1.0%
4.0%
2.3%
3.0%
0.8%
-1.1%
4.4%
2.9%
0.5%
-0.6%
1.7%
3.9%
3.0%
-1.0%
0.4%
-5.0%

Oil
Per CapitaOilConsumption
- Production

Countries (*)
(barrels)

Asia - Pacific
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
Hong Kong
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
Myanmar
Nepal
New Zealand
North Korea
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Sri Lanka
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam

Americas
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Canada
Chile
Colombia
Costa Rica
Cuba
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
El Salvador
Guatemala
Haiti
Honduras
Jamaica
Mexico
Netherlands Antilles
Nicaragua
Panama
Paraguay
Peru
Trinidad and Tobago
United States
Uruguay
Venezuela

y/y

2000
2.25
16.53
0.18
14.03
1.34
13.33
0.82
2.01
15.87
6.94
0.27
0.24
12.66
0.33
0.95
1.65
69.38
16.95
1.48
14.31
4.38
0.74

2005
2.46
18.28
0.23
13.52
1.88
15.37
0.83
2.18
15.19
7.19
0.28
0.24
13.49
0.29
0.78
1.33
74.47
17.01
1.75
15.98
5.61
1.15

2010
2.65
17.26
0.24
15.13
2.43
20.43
0.94
2.25
12.70
8.17
0.15
0.30
12.67
0.25
0.90
1.23
96.70
17.09
1.61
16.27
6.25
1.70

2012
2.78
17.83
0.25
15.76
2.65
18.51
0.99
2.37
13.52
9.01
0.15
0.32
12.26
0.26
0.89
1.14
95.54
17.14
1.78
14.74
6.91
1.92

2013
2.79
17.77
0.25
15.99
2.71
18.79
0.98
2.39
13.08
9.09
0.16
0.33
12.37
0.26
0.91
1.19
94.70
17.08
1.81
15.47
7.10
2.02

(2013-2012)

2000
12.75
5.46
1.72
4.47
23.98
5.66
2.48
3.44
6.34
5.16
4.01
2.28
1.98
0.43
1.66
9.27
7.36
164.37
1.71
10.08
1.55
2.29
8.48
25.81
4.70
7.44

2005
12.76
5.40
1.82
4.26
26.24
6.08
2.23
3.87
5.69
4.47
4.86
2.69
2.08
0.56
2.30
9.59
6.98
173.59
1.80
9.40
1.51
2.11
11.41
26.06
4.73
8.75

2010
11.82
6.36
2.26
5.19
24.34
6.87
2.13
3.81
5.74
3.96
6.05
2.52
1.80
0.52
2.24
7.58
6.44
156.48
1.89
11.44
1.97
2.52
11.52
22.93
5.93
9.70

2012
11.51
6.49
2.42
5.49
23.96
7.44
2.34
3.90
5.53
3.83
5.94
2.66
1.80
0.54
2.25
7.90
6.48
171.45
1.94
11.90
1.96
2.73
11.33
21.86
6.80
8.96

2013
11.62
6.79
2.52
5.66
23.80
7.44
2.38
3.94
5.54
3.82
6.09
2.69
1.78
0.54
2.28
7.95
6.28
173.46
1.99
12.61
2.06
2.83
11.43
22.15
6.90
8.81

(2013-2012)

0.4%
-0.4%
0.1%
1.4%
2.3%
1.5%
-0.7%
0.9%
-3.3%
0.9%
0.7%
2.6%
1.0%
-0.4%
2.0%
4.7%
-0.9%
-0.3%
1.7%
5.0%
2.8%
4.9%

y/y

1.0%
4.5%
4.1%
3.1%
-0.7%
0.0%
1.7%
0.9%
0.1%
-0.1%
2.5%
1.3%
-0.9%
-0.1%
1.2%
0.6%
-3.0%
1.2%
2.6%
5.9%
4.6%
3.5%
0.9%
1.3%
1.4%
-1.7%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

1.7%
0.6%
2.4%
1.0%
5.6%
2.7%
1.4%
1.3%
-1.5%
2.1%
-4.1%
2.4%
-0.2%
-1.9%
-0.3%
-2.5%
2.4%
0.1%
1.6%
0.6%
3.8%
8.0%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

(*) Data source: Enis calculations. The original data are from Monthly Oil Data Services OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014 and IHS Global Insight.

-0.7%
1.7%
3.0%
1.8%
-0.1%
2.1%
-0.3%
1.1%
-1.0%
-2.3%
3.3%
1.3%
-0.8%
1.7%
2.4%
-1.2%
-1.2%
0.4%
1.2%
1.7%
2.2%
1.6%
2.3%
-1.2%
3.0%
1.3%

29

Oil
Production/Consumption Ratios

Areas and Aggregates


y/y

CAGR

2000
0.43

2005
0.35

2010
0.28

2012
0.25

2013
0.24

Russia and Central Asia

2.41

3.53

3.70

3.43

3.37

-1.7%

2.6%

Middle East

4.74

4.19

3.35

3.51

3.45

-1.8%

-2.4%

Africa

3.16

3.35

2.95

2.73

2.45

-10.2%

-1.9%

Asia - Pacific

0.38

0.33

0.31

0.28

0.27

-3.6%

-2.4%

Americas
- North America
- Latin America

0.72
0.49
1.45

0.68
0.43
1.46

0.71
0.51
1.22

0.78
0.61
1.16

0.80
0.66
1.14

3.5%
8.2%
-2.3%

0.8%
2.4%
-1.9%

World

0.97

0.97

0.94

0.97

0.96

-0.9%

-0.1%

European Union

0.24

0.18

0.15

0.12

0.12

-4.2%

-5.5%

MENA

4.38

3.96

3.19

3.31

3.17

-4.2%

-2.5%

OECD
NON OECD

0.45
1.86

0.40
1.81

0.40
1.56

0.43
1.52

0.45
1.47

5.1%
-3.6%

0.1%
-1.8%

OPEC
NON OPEC

5.62
0.62

5.13
0.61

4.06
0.61

4.24
0.61

4.07
0.61

-4.1%
1.0%

-2.4%
-0.1%

(2013-2012)

-4.0%

(2013-2000)

Middle East 3.45

Russia and C. Asia 3.37

1.14
Latin America

Africa 2.45

0.66
North America

0.27
Asia - Pacific

Production/Consumption Ratios (2013)

0.24

Europe

Europe

30

-4.5%

Oil
Production/Consumption
Oil - Production
Ratios

The World Top 10 Producers Ranked by Production/Consumption Ratio (*)


y/y

CAGR

2000
10.01

2005
7.78

2010
5.44

2012
6.54

2013
6.96

United Arab Emirates

6.32

6.01

4.67

5.06

5.04

-0.4%

-1.7%

Iraq

5.51

3.44

3.73

4.06

4.06

-0.1%

-2.3%

Saudi Arabia

5.95

5.61

3.71

3.99

3.88

-2.9%

-3.2%

Russia

2.42

3.53

3.51

3.25

3.17

-2.5%

2.1%

Iran

2.73

2.52

2.32

1.98

1.78

-10.0%

-3.2%

Canada

1.36

1.31

1.47

1.65

1.73

5.1%

1.9%

Mexico

1.65

1.78

1.42

1.36

1.37

0.7%

-1.4%

United States

0.40

0.33

0.40

0.49

0.54

9.9%

2.2%

China

0.70

0.54

0.46

0.43

0.41

-2.7%

-4.0%

Kuwait

(2013-2012)

6.4%

(2013-2000)

(*) Data source: Enis calculations. The original data are from Monthly Oil Data Services OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.

Kuwait 6.96

U. Arab Emirates 5.04

Iraq 4.06

Saudi Arabia 3.88

Russia 3.17

Iran 1.78

Canada 1.73

Mexico 1.37

0.54
United States

China

0.41

The World Top 10 (2013)

-2.8%

31

32

Oil
Production/Consumption Ratios

Countries (*)
y/y

Europe
Albania
Austria
Belarus
Bulgaria
Croatia
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Serbia and Montenegro
Slovakia
Spain
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom

2000
0.43
0.27
0.08
0.23
0.01
0.33
0.04
1.73
0.22
0.02
0.03
0.01
0.27
0.04
0.06
15.76
0.04
0.64
0.25
0.02
0.00
0.08
0.32
1.53

2005
0.35
0.28
0.06
0.24
0.01
0.22
0.05
2.12
0.19
0.02
0.04
0.00
0.24
0.07
0.05
13.66
0.06
0.50
0.09
0.09
0.00
0.07
0.31
1.01

2010
0.28
0.50
0.09
0.24
0.01
0.24
0.03
1.52
0.40
0.02
0.03
0.01
0.17
0.07
0.04
9.61
0.03
0.52
0.21
0.06
0.00
0.07
0.30
0.84

2012
0.25
0.66
0.09
0.18
0.01
0.19
0.03
1.29
0.45
0.02
0.03
0.01
0.18
0.08
0.04
8.63
0.04
0.48
0.24
0.07
0.00
0.06
0.25
0.63

2013
0.24
0.67
0.08
0.17
0.01
0.18
0.03
1.14
0.43
0.01
0.03
0.00
0.18
0.09
0.05
7.85
0.06
0.48
0.20
0.10
0.01
0.06
0.24
0.57

(2013-2012)

Russia and Central Asia


Russia
Azerbaijan
Georgia
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan

2000
2.41
2.42
2.25
0.13
4.21
0.16
0.10
1.73
1.24

2005
3.53
3.53
4.20
0.08
6.36
0.18
0.05
1.66
1.11

2010
3.70
3.51
15.19
0.04
5.19
0.03
0.02
1.66
1.19

2012
3.43
3.25
10.43
0.03
5.74
0.06
0.05
1.61
0.94

2013
3.37
3.17
10.45
0.03
5.91
0.05
0.05
1.79
0.93

(2013-2012)

Middle East
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen

2000
4.74
7.17
2.73
5.51
10.01
14.94
17.80
5.95
2.51
6.32
4.57

2005
4.19
5.01
2.52
3.44
7.78
8.48
13.69
5.61
1.38
6.01
3.04

2010
3.35
4.14
2.32
3.73
5.44
5.76
8.27
3.71
1.29
4.67
1.81

2012
3.51
4.15
1.98
4.06
6.54
5.28
9.66
3.99
0.56
5.06
1.30

2013
3.45
4.63
1.78
4.06
6.96
5.11
8.92
3.88
0.19
5.04
1.00

(2013-2012)

-4.0%
1.5%
-8.8%
-5.3%
3.4%
-2.1%
-16.5%
-11.6%
-4.3%
-11.9%
0.9%
-7.8%
5.1%
8.9%
15.2%
-9.0%
48.2%
-0.2%
-16.5%
38.7%
104.8%
-2.8%
-6.0%
-9.2%

y/y

-1.7%
-2.5%
0.2%
-10.0%
3.0%
-8.3%
-5.4%
11.1%
-0.8%

y/y

-1.8%
11.5%
-10.0%
-0.1%
6.4%
-3.2%
-7.7%
-2.9%
-66.6%
-0.4%
-22.9%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

-4.5%
7.1%
0.2%
-2.4%
5.5%
-4.4%
-3.2%
-3.1%
5.4%
-3.6%
0.6%
-8.4%
-2.9%
5.7%
-1.6%
-5.2%
3.7%
-2.1%
-1.9%
14.3%
5.6%
-1.8%
-2.2%
-7.3%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

2.6%
2.1%
12.5%
-10.7%
2.6%
-8.4%
-5.3%
0.3%
-2.2%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

-2.4%
-3.3%
-3.2%
-2.3%
-2.8%
-7.9%
-5.2%
-3.2%
-18.2%
-1.7%
-11.0%

(*) Data source: Enis calculations. The original data are from Monthly Oil Data Services OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.

Oil
Production/Consumption
Oil - Production
Ratios

Countries (*)
y/y

Africa
Algeria
Angola
Cameroon
Congo
Cte dIvoire
Dem. Rep. Congo
Egypt
Gabon
Ghana
Libya
Nigeria
South Africa
Sudan
Tunisia

2000
3.16
5.99
20.11
5.33
63.44
0.27
2.91
1.35
20.92
0.18
6.01
9.51
0.46
4.05
0.92

2005
3.35
7.14
26.38
3.99
38.15
1.64
1.96
1.06
18.08
0.12
6.50
8.29
0.41
4.13
0.80

2010
2.95
5.02
17.01
1.86
24.24
1.83
1.52
1.06
14.35
0.10
5.11
8.52
0.28
4.23
0.96

2012
2.73
4.66
15.66
1.74
20.04
1.68
1.32
1.02
12.64
1.09
6.18
7.65
0.29
1.16
0.83

2013
2.45
4.42
14.07
1.79
20.21
1.29
1.23
0.91
10.82
1.32
3.77
7.20
0.29
2.24
0.76

(2013-2012)

Asia - Pacific
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
South Korea
Thailand
Vietnam

2000
0.38
0.92
0.06
15.29
0.70
0.33
1.27
1.60
0.33
0.33
0.15
0.00
0.01
0.26
2.02

2005
0.33
0.53
0.07
15.09
0.54
0.30
0.81
1.56
0.52
0.16
0.19
0.15
0.00
0.29
1.44

2010
0.31
0.53
0.05
9.22
0.46
0.29
0.66
1.13
0.76
0.39
0.15
0.15
0.01
0.34
0.77

2012
0.28
0.43
0.04
8.91
0.43
0.27
0.56
0.93
0.65
0.31
0.15
0.11
0.01
0.34
0.74

2013
0.27
0.35
0.04
7.38
0.41
0.27
0.51
0.89
0.60
0.27
0.14
0.12
0.01
0.33
0.68

(2013-2012)

Americas
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Canada
Chile
Colombia
Cuba
Ecuador
Guatemala
Mexico
Peru
Trinidad and Tobago
United States
Venezuela

2000
0.72
1.51
0.97
0.60
1.36
0.04
2.55
0.26
2.94
0.35
1.65
0.64
4.86
0.40
6.47

2005
0.68
1.38
1.24
0.78
1.31
0.03
2.01
0.31
2.91
0.26
1.78
0.73
4.46
0.33
4.83

2010
0.71
1.04
0.81
0.77
1.47
0.04
2.92
0.31
1.88
0.17
1.42
0.77
3.54
0.40
3.59

2012
0.78
0.91
0.86
0.72
1.65
0.03
3.10
0.31
1.99
0.14
1.36
0.68
2.89
0.49
3.72

2013
0.80
0.82
0.84
0.68
1.73
0.03
3.20
0.29
1.96
0.14
1.37
0.71
2.82
0.54
3.71

(2013-2012)

-10.2%
-5.0%
-10.1%
2.9%
0.9%
-23.2%
-6.9%
-10.8%
-14.4%
21.5%
-39.0%
-6.0%
-0.9%
92.8%
-8.3%

y/y

-3.6%
-16.8%
-6.1%
-17.1%
-2.7%
-1.5%
-7.6%
-4.8%
-7.4%
-13.3%
-8.5%
5.8%
-8.9%
-2.4%
-8.6%

y/y

3.5%
-9.9%
-2.1%
-5.6%
5.1%
-7.2%
3.2%
-4.9%
-1.4%
-4.2%
0.7%
3.7%
-2.4%
9.9%
-0.2%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

-1.9%
-2.3%
-2.7%
-8.0%
-8.4%
12.6%
-6.4%
-3.0%
-4.9%
16.6%
-3.5%
-2.1%
-3.4%
-4.5%
-1.5%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

-2.4%
-7.1%
-3.0%
-5.4%
-4.0%
-1.6%
-6.7%
-4.4%
4.8%
-1.6%
-0.8%
34.0%
2.5%
1.8%
-8.0%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

(*) Data source: Enis calculations. The original data are from Monthly Oil Data Services OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.

0.8%
-4.6%
-1.1%
1.0%
1.9%
-1.9%
1.8%
0.8%
-3.0%
-6.9%
-1.4%
0.8%
-4.1%
2.2%
-4.2%

33

Oil
Crude Future Price and Open Interests

ICE Brent Price 1 Month (*)

WTI vs Brent 1 Month Differential (*)

(US$/barrel)

(US$/barrel)

140

10

140

120

120

100

80

60

-15

-10
350,000

350,000

210,000

20

300,000
-25

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

150,000

2001

170,000
(no. contracts)

2000

2012

2013

2011

2010

2009

CME
WTI Open Interests (*)
0

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2002

2003

2001

2000

(no. contracts)

300,000

190,000

ICE Brent Open Interests (*)


-30

130,000
150,000
230,000

110,000
350,000
90,000

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

2007

2005

2006

2004

2003

2002

2001

50,000

200,000

130,000
110,000

150,000

90,000

100,000

70,000
50,000

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

2000

2012

2013

2011

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2002

2003

50,000

2001

200,000

100,000

2000

2012

2013

2011

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2002

2003

2001

2000

150,000

50,000
250,000

250,000

150,000

70,000
300,000

2000

2013

2012

2011

100,000
210,000
190,000
50,000
170,000

2000

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

2007

2005

2006

2004

2003

2002

230,000
40

-20

200,000

2001

60

-15

250,000

80

2000

2013

2011

2012

2010

-5

2009

2008

-30
100

2007

00
2006

20

2005

120
-25
2004

20
5

2003

40

2001

140
-20

2002

40
10

2000

2013

2012

80

-10

60

2011

100

-5

(*)
Data source: ICE London and CME New York.

2000

34

World Oil and Gas Review 2014

natural gas

World Oil and Gas Review 2014

natural gas

38

Natural Gas
Reserves

Areas and Aggregates


(billion cubic metres as at 31st December)

y/y

CAGR

2000
8,576

2005
7,373

2010
6,401

2012
5,611

2013
5,535

Russia and Central Asia

51,574

52,685

61,016

63,744

64,475

1.1%

1.7%

Middle East

59,145

72,493

79,375

80,130

80,263

0.2%

2.4%

Africa

12,457

14,222

14,558

14,543

16,093

10.7%

2.0%

Asia - Pacific

12,247

14,134

16,469

16,991

17,235

1.4%

2.7%

Americas
- North America
- Latin America

14,448
6,707
7,741

14,648
7,419
7,229

18,205
10,321
7,884

18,426
10,417
8,009

19,157
11,064
8,093

4.0%
6.2%
1.1%

2.2%
3.9%
0.3%

158,447

175,555

196,024

199,445

202,758

1.7%

1.9%

3,606

3,144

2,582

1,875

1,770

-5.6%

-5.3%

66,494

80,446

87,651

88,435

88,570

0.2%

2.2%

OECD
NON OECD

17,062
141,385

16,051
159,504

19,611
176,413

19,282
180,163

19,862
182,895

3.0%
1.5%

1.2%
2.0%

OPEC
NON OPEC

71,805
86,642

86,655
88,900

94,286
101,738

95,126
104,319

95,249
107,509

0.1%
3.1%

2.2%
1.7%

Europe

World
European Union
MENA

(2013-2012)

-1.4%

(2013-2000)

-3.3%

World Natural Gas Reserves (2013)

World Natural Gas Reserves Growth (2000-2013)

202,758 billion cubic metres as at 31 December

44,311 billion cubic metres as at 31st December

st

-4,000

3%
4%
5%
8%
9%
32%
40%

4,000

8,000

12,000

16,000

20,000

Europe
Latin America
North America
Africa
Asia - Pacific
Russia and Central Asia
Middle East

2000-2005

2005-2010

2010-2013

24,000

Natural Gas
Reserves

The World Top 10 Reserves Holders (*)


(billion cubic metres as at 31st December)

y/y

CAGR

Russia

2000
43,809

2005
44,860

2010
46,000

2012
48,810

2013
49,541

Iran

26,000

27,580

33,090

33,780

33,948

0.5%

2.1%

Qatar

14,443

25,636

25,201

25,069

24,936

-0.5%

4.3%

Turkmenistan

2,680

2,680

10,000

9,967

9,967

0.0%

10.6%

United States

5,024

5,787

8,621

8,717

9,170

5.2%

4.7%

Saudi Arabia

6,301

6,900

8,016

8,235

8,320

1.0%

2.2%

United Arab Emirates

5,994

6,060

6,090

6,090

6,090

0.0%

0.1%

Venezuela

4,179

4,309

5,521

5,558

5,595

0.7%

2.3%

Nigeria

4,106

5,154

5,110

5,118

5,082

-0.7%

1.7%

Algeria

4,523

4,504

4,504

4,504

4,504

0.0%

0.0%

The World Top 10

117,059

133,470

152,153

155,848

157,154

0.8%

2.3%

Rest of the World

41,388

42,085

43,871

43,597

45,604

4.6%

0.7%

158,447

175,555

196,024

199,445

202,758

1.7%

1.9%

World

(2013-2012)

1.5%

(2013-2000)

Russia 24.4%

Iran 16.7%

Qatar 12.3%

Turkmenistan 4.9%

United States 4.5%

2.8%
Venezuela

Saudi Arabia 4.1%

2.5%
Nigeria

United Arab Emirates 3.0%

2.2%

Share of World Total

Algeria

The World Top 10 (2013)

(*) Data source: Enis estimates on Enerdata Global Energy Market & CO2 Database and, for Unites States, on EIA DOE data.

1.0%

39

40

Natural Gas
Reserves

Countries (*)
(billion cubic metres as at 31st December)

y/y

2000
8,576
2
26
20
6
29
4
144
8
264
1
32
34
199
20
1,655
3,841
119
335
43
15
4
1,040
735

2005
7,373
2
21
20
3
30
3
122
7
178
1
21
25
117
20
1,387
3,108
106
628
41
14
8
1,030
481

2010
6,401
2
16
20
5
25
3
101
5
87
1
12
25
66
20
1,304
2,762
71
595
40
13
6
969
253

2012
5,611
2
14
20
5
23
3
91
10
71
1
11
25
59
20
1,131
2,687
73
102
40
12
7
960
244

2013
5,535
2
12
20
5
23
3
91
9
66
1
11
25
56
20
1,039
2,715
73
102
40
12
8
960
242

(2013-2012)

2000
Russia and Central Asia 51,574
Russia
43,809
Armenia
165
Azerbaijan
1,275
Georgia
50
Kazakhstan
1,840
Kyrgyzstan
10
Tajikistan
10
Turkmenistan
2,680
Uzbekistan
1,735

2005
52,685
44,860
165
1,275
50
1,900
10
10
2,680
1,735

2010
61,016
46,000
18
1,317
50
1,950
10
10
10,000
1,661

2012
63,744
48,810
18
1,308
50
1,939
10
10
9,967
1,632

2013
64,475
49,541
18
1,308
50
1,939
10
10
9,967
1,632

(2013-2012)

2000
59,145
110
26,000
3,109
45
7
1,557
859
14,443
6,301
241
5,994
479

2005
72,493
90
27,580
3,170
45
6
1,572
670
25,636
6,900
285
6,060
479

2010
79,375
92
33,090
3,158
215
6
1,784
950
25,201
8,016
285
6,090
488

2012
80,130
92
33,780
3,158
202
6
1,784
950
25,069
8,235
285
6,090
479

2013
80,263
92
33,948
3,158
214
6
1,784
950
24,936
8,320
285
6,090
479

(2013-2012)

Europe
Albania
Austria
Belarus
Bulgaria
Croatia
Czech Republic
Denmark
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy (**)
Moldova
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Serbia and Montenegro
Slovakia
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom

Middle East
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Jordan
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen

-1.4%
0.0%
-10.7%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
7.9%
0.1%
-9.8%
-7.2%
0.0%
-3.1%
0.0%
-5.1%
0.0%
-8.1%
1.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
10.6%
0.0%
-0.8%

y/y

1.1%
1.5%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%

y/y

0.2%
0.0%
0.5%
0.0%
6.1%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
-0.5%
1.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%

(*) Data source: Enis estimates on Enerdata Global Energy Market & CO2 Database and, for United Kingdom, on DECC data.
(**) Data source: Italian Ministry for Economic Development.

CAGR

(2013-2000)

-3.3%
0.0%
-5.5%
0.0%
-1.4%
-1.8%
-1.6%
-3.5%
0.9%
-10.1%
0.0%
-8.1%
-2.3%
-9.3%
0.0%
-3.5%
-2.6%
-3.7%
-8.7%
-0.6%
-1.7%
5.2%
-0.6%
-8.2%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

1.7%
1.0%
-15.7%
0.2%
0.0%
0.4%
0.0%
0.0%
10.6%
-0.5%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

2.4%
-1.4%
2.1%
0.1%
12.8%
-1.2%
1.1%
0.8%
4.3%
2.2%
1.3%
0.1%
0.0%

Natural Gas
Reserves

Countries (*)
(billion cubic metres as at 31st December)

y/y

Africa
Algeria
Angola
Cameroon
Congo
Cte dIvoire
Dem. Rep. Congo
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Ghana
Libya
Madagascar
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Nigeria
Rwanda
Senegal
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Tanzania
Tunisia

2000
12,457
4,523
269
102
122
30
1
1,433
48
25
33
24
1,314
2
1
62
85
4,106
57
11
6
17
85
23
78

2005
14,222
4,504
270
165
130
25
1
1,920
96
25
30
24
1,491
2
1
61
70
5,154
57
11
6
29
85
28
37

2010
14,558
4,504
310
155
127
18
0
2,210
125
28
28
27
1,495
2
2
75
70
5,110
57
10
6
12
85
37
65

2012
14,543
4,504
275
151
121
16
0
2,185
119
28
26
27
1,549
2
2
75
70
5,118
57
10
6
15
85
37
65

2013
16,093
4,504
275
151
121
16
0
2,185
119
28
26
27
1,551
2
2
1,667
70
5,082
57
2
6
15
85
37
65

(2013-2012)

Asia - Pacific
Afghanistan
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
Myanmar
New Zealand
Pakistan
Papua New Guinea
Philippines
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam

2000
12,247
100
2,203
306
366
1,515
760
2,608
40
2,189
287
57
677
428
105
0
76
360
170

2005
14,134
100
2,429
407
333
2,200
1,101
2,659
39
2,346
485
62
852
428
95
3
71
304
220

2010
16,469
100
3,864
354
301
2,853
1,149
2,963
37
2,334
522
52
810
442
89
1
70
300
228

2012
16,991
100
3,738
458
276
3,200
1,330
2,954
34
2,550
496
50
723
442
83
1
69
272
215

2013
17,235
100
3,738
660
276
3,275
1,355
2,844
34
2,550
496
50
803
442
83
1
69
244
215

(2013-2012)

Americas
Argentina
Barbados
Bolivia
Brazil
Canada
Chile
Colombia
Cuba
Ecuador
Mexico
Peru
Trinidad and Tobago
United States
Venezuela

2000
14,448
778
0
675
221
1,683
94
129
18
10
835
245
557
5,024
4,179

2005
14,648
439
2
710
306
1,632
43
113
17
9
412
338
531
5,787
4,309

2010
18,205
359
2
281
417
1,700
43
153
14
7
353
353
381
8,621
5,521

2012
18,426
323
2
281
459
1,700
41
162
11
6
360
435
371
8,717
5,558

2013
19,157
368
3
281
451
1,894
41
189
11
5
357
425
367
9,170
5,595

(2013-2012)

10.7%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

2.0%
0.0%
0.2%
3.1%
-0.1%
-4.7%
-100.0%
3.3%
7.2%
0.9%
-1.8%
0.9%
1.3%
0.0%
5.5%
28.8%
-1.5%
1.7%
0.0%
-12.3%
0.0%
-1.0%
0.0%
3.7%
-1.4%

0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.1%
0.0%
0.0%
2,122.2%
0.0%
-0.7%
0.0%
-80.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
y/y

1.4%
0.0%
0.0%
44.0%
0.0%
2.3%
1.9%
-3.7%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
11.0%
0.0%
0.0%
9.1%
0.0%
-10.1%
0.0%

y/y

4.0%
13.9%
25.0%
0.0%
-1.7%
11.4%
0.0%
16.8%
0.0%
-14.2%
-0.9%
-2.3%
-1.1%
5.2%
0.7%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

2.7%
0.0%
4.2%
6.1%
-2.1%
6.1%
4.5%
0.7%
-1.2%
1.2%
4.3%
-1.0%
1.3%
0.2%
-1.8%

-0.7%
-2.9%
1.8%
CAGR

(2013-2000)

(*) Data source: Enis estimates on Enerdata Global Energy Market & CO2 Database and, for Unites States, on EIA DOE data.

2.2%
-5.6%

-6.5%
5.6%
0.9%
-6.2%
3.0%
-3.7%
-5.0%
-6.3%
4.3%
-3.2%
4.7%
2.3%

41

42

Natural Gas
Reserves

Cluster of Companies (*)


2000

2013

World: 158,447 billion cubic metres as at 31st December

World: 202,758 billion cubic metres as at 31st December

3.8% Majors
18.4% Others

3.8% Majors

0.6% IOCs
18.4% Others

0.6%3.4%
IOCsMajors
17.1% Others

77.2% NOCs

77.2% NOCs

1.0% IOCs
17.1% Others

3.4% Majors

78.5% NOCs

1.0% IOCs

78.5% NOCs

2013

(billion cubic metres as at 31st December)


North America
11,064

Europe
5,535

11.6% Majors
5.1% IOCs
1.5% NOCs

71.3% Others

Russia and C. Asia


64,475
2.5% Others 2.0% Majors 0.1% IOCs

17.5% Majors
9.9% IOCs

Middle East
80,263

1.3% NOCs
81.8% Others

8.8% Others

Africa
16,093

Latin America
8,093
8.0% Others

3.7% Majors

9.6% Majors
1.4% IOCs

26.2% Others

95.4% NOCs

1.1% Majors

90.1% NOCs
0.3% IOCs

46.6% Others

Asia - Pacific
17,235
7.1% Majors
3.5% IOCs

69.8% NOCs

81.0% NOCs

42.8% NOCs

(*) Majors: BP, Chevron, Eni, ExxonMobil, Repsol, Shell, Total. IOCs: BG, BHP Billiton, ConocoPhillips, OMV, Statoil, Woodside Petroleum. NOCs: ADNOC, Bahrain NOC,
Bashneft, CBNOOC, CNPC, CPC Taiwan, Dubai Petroleum, Ecopetrol, EGPC, Gazprom, INOC, Israel NOC, KazMunaiGaz, KNOC, KPC, Lybian NOC, MEDCO Energy, MOGE,
Morocco NOC, Mubadala Abu-Dhabi, NIOC, NNPC, Novatek, Oil India, ONGC, Pakistan Oil Field, Pakistan Petroleum, PDO, PdVSA, Pemex, Pertamina, Petrobras,
PetroChina, Petronas, PetroVietnam, PGNiG, PTTEP, QP, Rosneft, Saudi Aramco, Sinopec, SOCAR Azerbaijan, Sonangol, Sonatrach, Surgutneftegas, Syria Petroleum,
Tatneft, Turkmengas, Uzbekneftegas.

Natural Gas
Production

Areas and Aggregates


(billion cubic metres)

y/y

CAGR

Europe

2000
324.23

2005
339.07

2010
319.37

2012
294.43

2013
286.44

Russia and Central Asia

676.33

759.33

792.55

824.82

846.14

2.6%

1.7%

Middle East

199.65

302.69

471.59

538.85

556.96

3.4%

8.2%

Africa

124.56

185.12

201.22

203.60

185.60

-8.8%

3.1%

Asia - Pacific

287.97

370.22

474.84

476.04

495.75

4.1%

4.3%

Americas
- North America
- Latin America

851.22
710.00
141.22

866.44
686.62
179.82

964.62
748.05
216.57

1,047.35
821.61
225.74

1,055.03
827.28
227.75

0.7%
0.7%
0.9%

1.7%
1.2%
3.7%

2,463.97

2,822.86

3,224.18

3,385.09

3,425.91

1.2%

2.6%

European Union

249.50

227.38

190.56

158.80

157.06

-1.1%

-3.5%

MENA

308.22

457.15

632.57

693.09

699.24

0.9%

6.5%

OECD
NON OECD

1,077.21
1,386.76

1,075.37
1,747.50

1,149.85
2,074.33

1,201.12
2,183.97

1,207.82
2,218.09

0.6%
1.6%

0.9%
3.7%

OPEC
NON OPEC

308.45
2,155.52

416.64
2,406.22

574.08
2,650.10

648.62
2,736.47

642.50
2,783.41

-0.9%
1.7%

5.8%
2.0%

World

(2013-2012)

-2.7%

(2013-2000)

-0.9%

World Natural Gas Production (2013)

World Natural Gas Production Growth (2000-2013)

3,425.91 billion cubic metres

961.94 billion cubic metres

-100

-50

50

100

150

200

250

300

5% Africa
7% Latin America
8% Europe
15% Asia - Pacific
16% Middle East
24% North America
25% Russia and Central Asia

2000-2005

2005-2010

2010-2013

350

400

43

Natural Gas
Production

The World Top 10 Producers (*)


(billion cubic metres)

y/y

CAGR

United States

2000
533.06

2005
502.78

2010
590.11

2012
666.63

2013
673.51

Russia

561.43

615.22

644.22

644.98

657.66

2.0%

1.2%

Qatar

25.98

47.55

127.97

168.50

171.03

1.5%

15.6%

Iran

59.46

99.54

145.17

157.73

160.57

1.8%

7.9%

176.94

183.84

157.94

154.99

153.78

-0.8%

-1.1%

China

27.15

49.23

94.67

106.95

114.82

7.4%

11.7%

Norway

55.20

89.50

109.15

115.89

109.78

-5.3%

5.4%

Indonesia

72.90

78.17

89.17

80.25

82.01

2.2%

0.9%

Saudi Arabia

36.71

54.83

71.44

79.00

81.93

3.7%

6.4%

Algeria

83.33

90.19

85.85

86.50

81.49

-5.8%

-0.2%

The World Top 10

1,632.16

1,810.84

2,115.69

2,261.42

2,286.56

1.1%

2.6%

Rest of the World

831.81

1,012.02

1,108.49

1,123.67

1,139.35

1.4%

2.4%

2,463.97

2,822.86

3,224.18

3,385.09

3,425.91

1.2%

2.6%

Canada

World

(2013-2012)

1.0%

(2013-2000)

1.8%

United States 19.7%

Russia 19.2%

Qatar 5.0%

Iran 4.7%

Canada 4.5%

China 3.4%

2.4%
Indonesia

Norway 3.2%

2.4%
Saudi Arabia

Share of World Total

2.4%

The World Top 10 (2013)

Algeria

44

(*) Data source: the original data are from IEA Extended Balances OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014. Data have been converted by Eni using a unified gross
calorific value of 39 MJ/cm.

Natural Gas
Production

Countries (*)
(billion cubic metres)

y/y

2000
324.23
0.01
1.83
0.25
0.01
1.62
0.20
8.84
1.79
18.84
0.05
2.95
1.14
16.25
62.24
55.20
3.95
13.08
0.74
0.16
0.01
0.18
0.63
17.89
116.35

2005
339.07
0.01
1.67
0.23
0.46
2.22
0.18
11.19
1.08
17.10
0.02
2.78
0.55
11.79
67.11
89.50
4.63
11.57
0.27
0.15
0.00
0.17
0.88
20.80
94.69

2010
319.37
0.01
1.77
0.21
0.07
2.64
0.24
8.76
0.77
13.25
0.01
2.67
0.28
8.21
75.65
109.15
4.40
10.28
0.37
0.11
0.01
0.05
0.67
18.40
61.38

2012
294.43
0.02
1.87
0.22
0.37
1.95
0.26
6.20
0.54
11.41
0.01
2.11
0.22
8.41
68.55
115.89
4.56
10.36
0.51
0.15
0.00
0.06
0.62
18.38
41.79

2013
286.44
0.02
1.34
0.23
0.27
1.80
0.25
5.10
0.35
10.63
0.01
1.80
0.34
7.56
73.67
109.78
4.56
10.08
0.55
0.12
0.00
0.06
0.53
18.29
39.15

(2013-2012)

2000
Russia and Central Asia 676.33
Russia
561.43
Azerbaijan
5.45
Georgia
0.07
Kazakhstan
9.09
Kyrgyzstan
0.03
Tajikistan
0.04
Turkmenistan
45.58
Uzbekistan
54.64

2005
759.33
615.22
5.54
0.02
18.88
0.03
0.03
61.20
58.42

2010
792.55
644.22
16.68
0.01
29.35
0.02
0.02
44.00
58.24

2012
824.82
644.98
17.71
0.01
34.06
0.03
0.01
67.07
60.95

2013
846.14
657.66
18.38
0.00
35.59
0.03
0.01
73.51
60.95

(2013-2012)

2000
199.65
8.14
59.46
3.07
0.01
0.25
9.35
10.95
25.98
36.71
5.90
39.83
0.00

2005
302.69
9.97
99.54
1.77
1.61
0.21
11.98
22.79
47.55
54.83
5.90
46.54
0.00

2010
471.59
12.51
145.17
5.00
3.19
0.16
11.43
29.86
127.97
71.44
8.64
49.56
6.66

2012
538.85
12.59
157.73
5.88
2.45
0.14
15.12
31.33
168.50
79.00
5.56
52.45
8.10

2013
556.96
14.34
160.57
5.62
6.33
0.12
15.19
31.71
171.03
81.93
5.07
54.03
11.02

(2013-2012)

Europe
Albania
Austria
Belarus
Bulgaria
Croatia
Czech Republic
Denmark
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Serbia and Montenegro
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom

Middle East
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Jordan
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen

-2.7%
13.2%
-28.2%
4.6%
-27.4%
-7.8%
-3.7%
-17.7%
-36.0%
-6.9%
-16.5%
-14.8%
54.4%
-10.1%
7.5%
-5.3%
-0.1%
-2.7%
7.8%
-17.9%
48.7%
-3.8%
-15.0%
-0.5%
-6.3%

y/y

2.6%
2.0%
3.8%
-16.8%
4.5%
10.3%
-0.9%
9.6%
0.0%

y/y

3.4%
13.9%
1.8%
-4.4%
158.6%
-17.0%
0.5%
1.2%
1.5%
3.7%
-8.7%
3.0%
36.1%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

-0.9%
4.0%
-2.4%
-0.9%
25.0%
0.8%
1.5%
-4.1%
-11.9%
-4.3%
-14.2%
-3.7%
-8.9%
-5.7%
1.3%
5.4%
1.1%
-2.0%
-2.3%
-1.8%
-6.4%
-8.0%
-1.3%
0.2%
-8.0%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

1.7%
1.2%
9.8%
-19.0%
11.1%
0.0%
-9.2%
3.7%
0.8%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

8.2%
4.5%
7.9%
4.8%
65.1%
-5.6%
3.8%
8.5%
15.6%
6.4%
-1.1%
2.4%

(*) Data source: the original data are from IEA Extended Balances OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014 and, for Italy, from Italian Ministry for Economic Development.
Data have been converted by Eni using a unified gross calorific value of 39 MJ/cm.

45

46

Natural Gas
Production

Countries (*)
(billion cubic metres)

y/y

Africa
Algeria
Angola
Cameroon
Congo
Cte dIvoire
Dem. Rep. Congo
Egypt
Gabon
Libya
Morocco
Mozambique
Nigeria
Senegal
South Africa
Tanzania
Tunisia

2000
124.56
83.33
0.56
0.00
0.00
1.51
0.00
17.22
0.12
5.73
0.05
0.00
12.14
0.00
1.67
0.00
2.25

2005
185.12
90.19
0.63
0.00
0.02
1.49
0.00
50.84
0.15
11.01
0.04
2.23
23.59
0.02
2.13
0.40
2.38

2010
201.22
85.85
0.71
0.31
0.10
1.58
0.01
55.35
0.32
16.38
0.05
3.20
31.70
0.02
1.50
0.77
3.36

2012
203.60
86.50
0.74
0.34
0.15
1.70
0.01
52.71
0.37
11.89
0.08
3.76
40.14
0.04
1.14
0.97
3.06

2013
185.60
81.49
0.86
0.34
0.15
1.70
0.01
50.08
0.37
7.64
0.08
4.20
33.54
0.04
1.14
0.97
2.99

(2013-2012)

Asia - Pacific
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
Myanmar
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam

2000
287.97
34.04
8.80
11.29
27.15
27.51
72.90
2.73
50.76
6.17
6.03
19.88
0.01
0.00
0.71
18.65
1.34

2005
370.22
37.40
12.88
11.93
49.23
30.94
78.17
3.45
66.04
12.28
3.85
30.59
3.22
0.53
0.52
22.07
7.14

2010
474.84
50.40
19.83
12.25
94.67
51.24
89.17
3.83
60.84
12.18
4.60
32.18
3.64
0.58
0.28
29.48
9.69

2012
476.04
56.42
20.97
12.53
106.95
39.77
80.25
3.64
61.38
11.67
4.53
32.36
3.86
0.47
0.38
31.24
9.64

2013
495.75
62.17
21.78
12.83
114.82
34.45
82.01
3.37
63.58
12.23
4.77
30.26
3.47
0.50
0.33
39.13
10.05

(2013-2012)

Americas
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Canada
Chile
Colombia
Cuba
Ecuador
Mexico
Peru
Trinidad and Tobago
United States
Venezuela

2000
851.22
40.93
4.80
7.24
176.94
1.91
6.51
0.54
0.00
31.88
0.59
14.53
533.06
32.29

2005
866.44
47.62
12.24
11.01
183.84
1.92
7.30
0.72
0.33
36.50
1.94
31.58
502.78
28.67

2010
964.62
42.19
14.72
14.90
157.94
1.84
11.24
1.02
0.51
49.99
9.09
42.71
590.11
28.37

2012
1,047.35
40.75
18.20
19.38
154.99
1.23
11.16
0.98
0.59
48.13
14.30
40.93
666.63
30.08

2013
1,055.03
38.51
20.81
21.41
153.78
0.93
11.35
0.98
0.62
47.25
14.73
41.16
673.51
29.99

(2013-2012)

-8.8%
-5.8%
16.4%
0.1%
0.2%
0.0%
3.3%
-5.0%
0.1%
-35.7%
-0.2%
11.5%
-16.4%
0.2%
0.0%
0.0%
-2.1%

y/y

4.1%
10.2%
3.9%
2.4%
7.4%
-13.4%
2.2%
-7.4%
3.6%
4.8%
5.3%
-6.5%
-10.0%
6.2%
-13.7%
25.3%
4.2%

y/y

0.7%
-5.5%
14.4%
10.4%
-0.8%
-24.6%
1.7%
0.0%
5.7%
-1.8%
3.0%
0.6%
1.0%
-0.3%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

3.1%
-0.2%
3.4%
0.9%

8.6%
9.0%
2.2%
4.5%
90.0%
8.1%
37.3%
-2.9%
2.2%
CAGR

(2013-2000)

4.3%
4.7%
7.2%
1.0%
11.7%
1.7%
0.9%
1.7%
1.7%
5.4%
-1.8%
3.3%
56.3%

-5.8%
5.9%
16.8%
CAGR

(2013-2000)

1.7%
-0.5%
12.0%
8.7%
-1.1%
-5.4%
4.4%
4.6%
3.1%
28.1%
8.3%
1.8%
-0.6%

(*) Data source: the original data are from IEA Extended Balances OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014. Data have been converted by Eni using a unified gross
calorific value of 39 MJ/cm.

Natural Gas
Production

Cluster of Companies (*)


2000

2013

World: 2,463.97 billion cubic metres

World: 3,425.91 billion cubic metres

16% Majors

16% Majors
40% Others

13% Majors
32% Others

40% Others
2% IOCs

13% Majors

32% Others

5% IOCs

5% IOCs

2% IOCs

42% NOCs

42% NOCs

50% NOCs

50% NOCs

2013

(billion cubic metres)


North America
827.28
11% Majors

Russia and C. Asia


846.14

Europe
286.44
45% Others

6% IOCs

9% Others
34% Majors

1% NOCs

Middle East
556.96

82% Others

2% NOCs

86% NOCs
11% Majors

79% NOCs

1% Others
25% Majors

22% Majors

3% IOCs

1% IOCs

1% IOCs
Africa
185.60

Latin America
227.75
6% Others

9% Others

19% IOCs

4% Majors

7% IOCs

29% Others

Asia - Pacific
495.75
17% Majors
7% IOCs

67% NOCs

69% NOCs
47% NOCs

(*) Majors: BP, Chevron, Eni, ExxonMobil, Repsol, Shell, Total. IOCs: BG, BHP Billiton, ConocoPhillips, OMV, Statoil, Woodside Petroleum. NOCs: ADNOC, Bahrain NOC, Bashneft,
CBNOOC, CNPC, CPC Taiwan, Dubai Petroleum, Ecopetrol, EGPC, Gazprom, INOC, Israel NOC, KazMunaiGaz, KNOC, KPC, Lybian NOC, MEDCO Energy, MOGE, Morocco NOC,
Mubadala Abu-Dhabi, NIOC, NNPC, Novatek, Oil India, ONGC, Pakistan Oil Field, Pakistan Petroleum, PDO, PdVSA, Pemex, Pertamina, Petrobras, PetroChina, Petronas,
PetroVietnam, PGNiG, PTTEP, QP, Rosneft, Saudi Aramco, Sinopec, SOCAR Azerbaijan, Sonangol, Sonatrach, Surgutneftegas, Syria Petroleum, Tatneft, Turkmengas,
Uzbekneftegas.

47

48

Natural Gas
Reserves/Production Ratios

Areas and Aggregates


(years)

y/y

CAGR

2000
26

2005
22

2010
20

2012
19

2013
19

76

69

77

77

76

-1.4%

0.0%

Middle East

296

239

168

149

144

-3.1%

-5.4%

Africa

100

77

72

71

87

21.4%

-1.1%

Asia - Pacific

43

38

35

36

35

-2.6%

-1.5%

Americas
- North America
- Latin America

17
9
55

17
11
40

19
14
36

18
13
35

18
13
36

3.2%
5.5%
0.2%

0.5%
2.7%
-3.3%

World

64

62

61

59

59

0.4%

-0.6%

European Union

14

14

14

12

11

-4.5%

-1.9%

MENA

216

176

139

128

127

-0.7%

-4.0%

OECD
NON OECD

16
102

15
91

17
85

16
82

16
82

2.4%
0.0%

0.3%
-1.6%

OPEC
NON OPEC

233
40

208
37

164
38

147
38

148
39

1.1%
1.3%

-3.4%
-0.3%

Europe
Russia and Central Asia

Reserves/Production Ratios (2013)


World: 59 years

(2013-2012)

1.4%

(2013-2000)

-2.4%

Natural Gas
Reserves/Production Ratios

The World Top 10 Producers Ranked by Reserves/Production Ratio (*)


(years)

y/y

CAGR

Iran

2000
437

2005
277

2010
228

2012
214

2013
211

Qatar

556

539

197

149

146

-2.0%

-9.8%

Saudi Arabia

172

126

112

104

102

-2.6%

-4.0%

Russia

78

73

71

76

75

-0.5%

-0.3%

Algeria

54

50

52

52

55

6.2%

0.1%

Indonesia

36

34

33

37

35

-5.8%

-0.2%

China

56

45

30

30

29

-4.7%

-5.0%

Norway

70

35

25

23

25

6.7%

-7.6%

12

15

13

14

4.1%

2.9%

10

11

11

12

12.3%

2.0%

United States (**)


Canada

(2013-2012)

-1.3%

(2013-2000)

-5.4%

Iran 211

Qatar 146

Saudi Arabia 102

Russia 75

Algeria 55

Indonesia 35

China 29

14
United States (**)

Norway 25

12

Years

Canada

The World Top 10 (2013)

(*) Data source: Enis calculations. The original data are from Enerdata Global Energy Market & CO2 Database and IEA Extended Balances OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.
(**) The original data are from Enerdata Global Energy Market & CO2 Database, EIA DOE and IEA Extended Balances OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.

49

50

Natural Gas
Reserves/Production Ratios

Countries (*)
(years)

y/y

Europe
Austria
Croatia
Denmark
France
Germany
Hungary
Ireland
Italy (**)
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Serbia and Montenegro
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom (***)

2000
26
14
18
16
4
14
11
30
12
27
70
30
26
58
6
58
6

2005
22
13
13
11
6
10
8
45
10
21
35
23
54
150
9
50
5

2010
20
9
9
12
6
7
5
90
8
17
25
16
58
109
9
53
4

2012
19
8
12
15
19
6
5
114
7
17
23
16
10
79
11
52
6

2013
19
9
13
18
26
6
6
74
7
14
25
16
10
73
15
52
6

(2013-2012)

Russia and Central Asia


Russia
Azerbaijan
Kazakhstan
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan

2000
76
78
234
202
59
32

2005
69
73
230
101
44
30

2010
77
71
79
66
227
29

2012
77
76
74
57
149
27

2013
76
75
71
54
136
27

(2013-2012)

Middle East
Bahrain
Iran
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates

2000
296
14
437
166
78
556
172
41
150

2005
239
9
277
131
29
539
126
48
130

2010
168
7
228
156
32
197
112
33
123

2012
149
7
214
118
30
149
104
51
116

2013
144
6
211
117
30
146
102
56
113

(2013-2012)

1.4%
24.2%
8.5%
21.6%
40.9%
-0.3%
13.7%
-35.2%
5.6%
-14.5%
6.7%
0.1%
2.8%
-7.2%
30.1%
0.5%
5.9%

y/y

-1.4%
-0.5%
-3.7%
-4.3%
-8.8%
0.0%

y/y

-3.1%
-12.2%
-1.3%
-0.5%
-1.2%
-2.0%
-2.6%
9.5%
-2.9%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

-2.4%
-3.2%
-2.6%
0.7%
14.6%
-6.1%
-4.5%
7.3%
-3.8%
-4.8%
-7.6%
-4.7%
-6.9%
1.8%
6.6%
-0.8%
-0.2%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

0.0%
-0.3%
-8.7%
-9.6%
6.6%
-1.3%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

-5.4%
-5.6%
-5.4%
-2.6%
-7.1%
-9.8%
-4.0%
2.5%
-2.2%

(*) Data source: Enis calculations. The original data are from Enerdata Global Energy Market & CO2 Database and IEA Extended Balances OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.
(**) The original data are from Italian Ministry for Economic Development.
(***) The original data are from Enerdata Global Energy Market & CO2 Database, DECC and IEA Extended Balances OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.

Natural Gas
Reserves/Production Ratios

Countries (*)
(years)

y/y

2010
72
52
434
11
40
91
37
23
161
8
48
19

2012
71
52
371
9
41
130
25
20
128
13
38
21

2013
87
55
319
9
44
203
25
397
152
13
38
22

(2013-2012)

35

2005
77
50
426
17
38
135
25
27
219
14
70
16

Asia - Pacific
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
Myanmar
New Zealand
Pakistan
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam

2000
43
65
35
32
56
28
36
15
43
46
9
34
107
19
127

2005
38
65
32
28
45
36
34
11
36
39
16
28
136
14
31

2010
35
77
18
25
30
22
33
10
38
43
11
25
247
10
24

2012
36
66
22
22
30
33
37
9
42
43
11
22
182
9
22

2013
35
60
30
22
29
39
35
10
40
41
10
27
211
6
21

(2013-2012)

Americas
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Canada
Chile
Colombia
Mexico
Trinidad and Tobago
United States (**)
Venezuela

2000
17
19
141
31
10
49
20
26
38
9
129

2005
17
9
58
28
9
22
15
11
17
12
150

2010
19
9
19
28
11
23
14
7
9
15
195

2012
18
8
15
24
11
33
15
7
9
13
185

2013
18
10
14
21
12
44
17
8
9
14
187

(2013-2012)

Africa
Algeria
Angola
Cte dIvoire
Egypt
Libya
Morocco
Mozambique
Nigeria
South Africa
Tanzania
Tunisia

2000
100
54
484
20
83
229
22
338
10

21.4%
6.2%
-14.1%
0.0%
5.3%
55.7%
0.2%
1,892.2%
18.8%
0.0%
0.0%
2.2%

y/y

-2.6%
-9.2%
38.6%
-2.3%
-4.7%
17.6%
-5.8%
8.0%
-3.5%
-4.6%
-5.1%
18.8%
15.8%
-28.3%
-4.1%

y/y

3.2%
20.6%
-12.6%
-11.0%
12.3%
32.6%
14.8%
1.0%
-1.7%
4.1%
1.0%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

-1.1%
0.1%
-3.2%
-5.6%
-4.8%
-0.9%
0.9%
-6.0%
2.0%
-3.5%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

-1.5%
-0.6%
-1.1%
-3.1%
-5.0%
2.8%
-0.2%
-2.8%
-0.6%
-1.0%
0.8%
-1.9%
5.4%
-8.3%
-12.8%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

0.5%
-5.2%
-16.5%
-2.8%
2.0%
-0.8%
-1.3%
-9.1%
-10.6%
2.9%
2.9%

(*) Data source: Enis calculations. The original data are from Enerdata Global Energy Market & CO2 Database and IEA Extended Balances OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.
(**) The original data are from Enerdata Global Energy Market & CO2 Database, EIA DOE and IEA Extended Balances OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.

51

52

Natural Gas
Consumption

Areas and Aggregates


(billion cubic metres)

y/y

CAGR

Europe

2000
591.06

2005
672.57

2010
674.49

2012
597.73

2013
590.75

Russia and Central Asia

460.54

510.27

561.62

579.68

570.35

-1.6%

1.7%

Middle East

176.85

255.25

373.34

406.01

425.89

4.9%

7.0%

56.28

86.91

103.27

117.63

112.20

-4.6%

5.4%

Asia - Pacific

305.92

407.99

576.90

644.09

661.62

2.7%

6.1%

Americas
- North America
- Latin America

881.25
741.83
139.42

876.49
701.17
175.32

973.27
757.07
216.20

1,044.37
810.07
234.30

1,063.90
827.46
236.45

1.9%
2.1%
0.9%

1.5%
0.8%
4.1%

2,471.91

2,809.48

3,262.88

3,389.52

3,424.70

1.0%

2.5%

European Union

472.20

530.93

533.12

468.24

461.68

-1.4%

-0.2%

MENA

222.41

325.39

457.13

498.97

516.10

3.4%

6.7%

OECD
NON OECD

1,379.08
1,092.82

1,438.54
1,370.93

1,573.76
1,689.11

1,604.62
1,784.90

1,622.08
1,802.61

1.1%
1.0%

1.3%
3.9%

OPEC
NON OPEC

220.72
2,251.19

296.39
2,513.09

400.21
2,862.67

449.52
2,940.00

454.94
2,969.76

1.2%
1.0%

5.7%
2.2%

Africa

World

(2013-2012)

-1.2%

(2013-2000)

0.0%

World Natural Gas Consumption (2013)

World Natural Gas Consumption Growth (2000-2013)

3,424.70 billion cubic metres

952.79 billion cubic metres

-100

-50

50

100

150

200

250

3% Africa
7% Latin America
13% Middle East
17% Russia and C. Asia
17% Europe
19% Asia - Pacific
24% North America

2000-2005

2005-2010

2010-2013

300

350

Natural Gas
Consumption

The World Top 10 Consumers (*)


(billion cubic metres)

y/y

CAGR

United States

2000
653.26

2005
604.94

2010
663.21

2012
710.47

2013
724.67

Russia

380.47

417.04

457.44

461.70

457.53

-0.9%

1.4%

China

24.75

46.26

105.66

143.80

159.29

10.8%

15.4%

Iran

62.77

99.99

145.68

153.04

156.56

2.3%

7.3%

Japan

78.32

84.18

102.62

125.61

126.15

0.4%

3.7%

Canada

88.56

96.23

93.86

99.60

102.79

3.2%

1.2%

Germany

85.70

92.77

90.53

83.27

87.25

4.8%

0.1%

Saudi Arabia

36.71

54.83

71.44

79.00

81.93

3.7%

6.4%

104.24

101.94

101.15

79.13

78.14

-1.3%

-2.2%

69.11

84.27

81.18

73.19

68.45

-6.5%

-0.1%

The World Top 10

1,583.90

1,682.45

1,912.77

2,008.82

2,042.76

1.7%

2.0%

Rest of the World

888.01

1,127.02

1,350.10

1,380.70

1,381.94

0.1%

3.5%

2,471.91

2,809.48

3,262.88

3,389.52

3,424.70

1.0%

2.5%

United Kingdom
Italy

World

(2013-2012)

2.0%

(2013-2000)

0.8%

United States 21.2%

Russia 13.4%

China 4.7%

2.5%
Germany

Iran 4.6%

2.4%
Saudi Arabia

Japan 3.7%

2.3%
United Kingdom

Canada 3.0%

2.0%

Share of World Total

Italy

The World Top 10 (2013)

(*) Data source: the original data are from IEA Extended Balances OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014 and, for Italy, from Italian Ministry for Economic Development.
Data have been converted by Eni using a unified gross calorific value of 39 MJ/cm.

53

54

Natural Gas
Consumption

Countries (*)
(billion cubic metres)

y/y

Europe
Albania
Austria
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Croatia
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macedonia
Moldova
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Serbia and Montenegro
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom

2000
591.06
0.01
7.77
17.01
15.94
0.24
3.50
2.64
8.95
5.31
0.79
4.08
42.66
85.70
2.03
11.52
4.10
69.11
1.30
2.46
0.80
0.06
2.54
41.74
4.94
11.88
2.43
16.32
1.83
6.89
0.98
18.15
0.93
2.90
15.07
74.27
104.24

2005
672.57
0.01
9.73
20.21
17.57
0.36
3.34
2.83
9.19
5.25
0.95
4.29
48.93
92.77
2.81
14.42
4.14
84.27
1.62
2.95
1.40
0.07
2.85
42.13
4.86
14.59
4.47
16.61
2.32
7.02
1.11
35.59
1.00
3.32
27.18
80.46
101.94

2010
674.49
0.01
9.80
21.65
20.27
0.24
2.74
3.14
9.62
5.27
0.67
4.58
50.74
90.53
3.86
11.71
5.58
81.18
1.74
2.97
1.43
0.11
2.76
46.76
7.47
15.27
5.35
12.87
2.21
5.97
1.03
37.13
1.75
3.59
37.44
65.89
101.15

2012
597.73
0.02
8.84
20.20
17.13
0.25
2.92
2.88
8.18
4.16
0.65
3.58
45.58
83.27
4.37
9.91
4.79
73.19
1.44
3.17
1.25
0.14
2.67
39.11
4.96
16.22
4.69
12.90
2.00
5.21
0.85
33.62
1.20
3.49
44.44
51.32
79.13

2013
590.75
0.02
8.35
20.29
16.93
0.18
2.94
2.66
8.30
3.95
0.66
3.38
46.30
87.25
3.86
9.25
4.83
68.45
1.66
2.59
1.06
0.15
2.07
39.42
6.00
16.37
4.50
12.02
2.39
5.74
0.83
31.11
1.14
3.68
44.82
49.47
78.14

(2013-2012)

Russia and Central Asia


Russia
Armenia
Azerbaijan
Georgia
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan

2000
460.54
380.47
1.34
5.76
1.14
7.84
0.68
0.75
13.00
49.57

2005
510.27
417.04
1.60
9.66
1.27
14.86
0.74
0.64
17.00
47.47

2010
561.62
457.44
1.54
9.36
1.21
26.62
0.29
0.19
20.68
44.28

2012
579.68
461.70
2.30
10.79
1.97
27.81
0.43
0.14
23.49
51.07

2013
570.35
457.53
2.22
11.10
2.02
27.81
0.30
0.14
19.85
49.37

(2013-2012)

-1.2%
11.7%
-5.6%
0.4%
-1.2%
-26.1%
0.5%
-7.5%
1.4%
-5.0%
1.0%
-5.8%
1.6%
4.8%
-11.5%
-6.7%
0.8%
-6.5%
15.0%
-18.3%
-15.3%
13.0%
-22.5%
0.8%
20.8%
0.9%
-4.1%
-6.8%
19.4%
10.3%
-2.6%
-7.5%
-5.1%
5.3%
0.9%
-3.6%
-1.3%

y/y

-1.6%
-0.9%
-3.7%
2.9%
3.0%
0.0%
-29.4%
-0.1%
-15.5%
-3.3%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

0.0%
3.9%
0.6%
1.4%
0.5%
-1.9%
-1.3%
0.1%
-0.6%
-2.2%
-1.4%
-1.4%
0.6%
0.1%
5.1%
-1.7%
1.3%
-0.1%
1.9%
0.4%
2.2%
6.9%
-1.5%
-0.4%
1.5%
2.5%
4.9%
-2.3%
2.1%
-1.4%
-1.3%
4.2%
1.6%
1.8%
8.7%
-3.1%
-2.2%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

1.7%
1.4%
4.0%
5.2%
4.5%
10.2%
-6.1%
-12.1%
3.3%
0.0%

(*) Data source: the original data are from IEA Extended Balances OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014 and, for Italy, from Italian Ministry for Economic Development.
Data have been converted by Eni using a unified gross calorific value of 39 MJ/cm.

Natural Gas
Consumption

Countries (*)
(billion cubic metres)

Middle East
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Jordan
Kuwait
Lebanon
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen

Africa
Algeria
Angola
Cameroon
Congo
Cte dIvoire
Dem. Rep. Congo
Egypt
Gabon
Ghana
Libya
Morocco
Mozambique
Nigeria
Senegal
South Africa
Tanzania
Tunisia

Asia - Pacific
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
Hong Kong
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
Myanmar
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam

y/y

2000
176.85
8.14
62.77
3.07
0.01
0.25
9.35
0.00
6.59
11.30
36.71
5.90
32.77
0.00

2005
255.25
10.04
99.99
1.77
1.61
1.65
11.98
0.00
10.29
16.43
54.83
5.90
40.77
0.00

2010
373.34
12.51
145.68
5.00
5.26
2.73
14.14
0.25
19.30
27.83
71.44
9.31
58.89
1.01

2012
406.01
12.59
153.04
5.88
2.51
0.79
17.70
0.00
21.79
42.56
79.00
5.56
63.79
0.81

2013
425.89
14.34
156.56
5.62
6.84
0.99
17.36
0.00
21.64
46.97
81.93
5.07
64.84
3.73

(2013-2012)

2000
56.28
20.09
0.56
0.00
0.00
1.51
0.00
17.22
0.12
0.00
4.95
0.05
0.00
6.87
0.00
1.67
0.00
3.26

2005
86.91
24.48
0.63
0.00
0.02
1.49
0.00
35.76
0.15
0.00
5.75
0.45
0.02
10.75
0.02
3.29
0.40
3.69

2010
103.27
27.82
0.71
0.31
0.10
1.58
0.01
42.71
0.32
0.42
6.83
0.68
0.08
10.53
0.02
4.62
0.77
5.75

2012
117.63
33.41
0.74
0.34
0.15
1.70
0.01
46.67
0.37
0.42
5.58
1.27
0.09
15.05
0.03
4.81
0.97
6.02

2013
112.20
34.62
0.74
0.34
0.15
1.70
0.01
45.75
0.37
0.42
2.09
1.20
0.18
12.31
0.04
4.76
0.97
6.55

(2013-2012)

2000
305.92
22.99
8.40
2.21
24.75
2.92
27.51
31.66
78.32
29.49
1.43
6.03
19.88
0.01
1.33
20.29
6.63
20.71
1.34

2005
407.99
22.63
12.50
2.19
46.26
2.61
37.94
34.89
84.18
38.01
2.73
3.85
30.59
3.22
6.64
32.65
10.57
30.92
5.60

2010
576.90
31.26
20.71
3.19
105.66
3.74
64.88
46.27
102.62
37.21
1.59
4.45
32.17
3.64
8.60
46.08
15.85
39.29
9.69

2012
644.09
35.52
21.88
3.75
143.80
2.74
58.37
41.73
125.61
38.66
1.46
4.58
32.37
3.86
8.74
53.64
15.80
41.95
9.64

2013
661.62
35.45
22.73
4.09
159.29
2.45
51.07
45.69
126.15
39.35
1.14
4.72
30.27
3.54
9.82
56.79
16.18
42.88
10.01

(2013-2012)

4.9%
13.9%
2.3%
-4.4%
172.5%
25.9%
-1.9%

-0.7%
10.4%
3.7%
-8.7%
1.6%
360.5%
y/y

-4.6%
3.6%
0.0%
0.1%
0.2%
0.0%
3.3%
-2.0%
0.1%
0.0%
-62.5%
-5.6%
96.5%
-18.2%
50.0%
-1.1%
0.0%
8.8%

y/y

2.7%
-0.2%
3.9%
9.1%
10.8%
-10.7%
-12.5%
9.5%
0.4%
1.8%
-21.6%
3.1%
-6.5%
-8.2%
12.3%
5.9%
2.4%
2.2%
3.8%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

7.0%
4.5%
7.3%
4.8%
66.1%
11.0%
4.9%
9.6%
11.6%
6.4%
-1.1%
5.4%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

5.4%
4.3%
2.2%
0.9%

7.8%
9.0%
-6.4%
28.7%
48.8%
4.6%
37.3%
8.4%
5.5%
CAGR

(2013-2000)

6.1%
3.4%
8.0%
4.9%
15.4%
-1.4%
4.9%
2.9%
3.7%
2.2%
-1.7%
-1.9%
3.3%
56.5%
16.6%
8.2%
7.1%
5.8%
16.8%

(*) Data source: the original data are from IEA Extended Balances OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014. Data have been converted by Eni using a unified gross
calorific value of 39 MJ/cm.

55

56

Natural Gas
Consumption

Countries (*)
(billion cubic metres)

Americas
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Canada
Chile
Colombia
Cuba
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Mexico
Peru
Trinidad and Tobago
United States
Uruguay
Venezuela

2000
881.25
36.30
2.79
9.44
88.56
6.21
6.51
0.54
0.00
0.00
34.50
0.59
10.21
653.26
0.04
32.29

2005
876.49
42.72
2.35
19.95
96.23
8.11
7.30
0.72
0.20
0.33
45.41
1.94
17.52
604.94
0.11
28.67

2010
973.27
45.30
3.11
27.46
93.86
5.33
9.82
1.02
0.77
0.51
63.54
6.56
21.87
663.21
0.08
30.85

2012
1,044.37
49.71
3.61
32.48
99.60
5.11
9.44
0.98
1.12
0.59
69.75
8.14
21.12
710.47
0.06
32.18

2013
1,063.90
50.21
3.17
39.08
102.79
4.68
10.31
0.96
1.08
0.54
65.71
8.16
21.14
724.67
0.06
31.36

y/y

(2013-2012)

1.9%
1.0%
-12.3%
20.3%
3.2%
-8.5%
9.1%
-1.9%
-3.5%
-8.7%
-5.8%
0.2%
0.1%
2.0%
-6.1%
-2.5%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

1.5%
2.5%
1.0%
11.6%
1.2%
-2.2%
3.6%
4.5%

5.1%
22.4%
5.8%
0.8%
3.7%
-0.2%

(*) Data source: the original data are from IEA Extended Balances OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014. Data have been converted by Eni using a unified gross
calorific value of 39 MJ/cm.

Natural Gas
Per Capita Consumption

Areas and Aggregates


(cubic metres)

y/y

CAGR

Europe

2000
922

2005
1,029

2010
1,012

2012
891

2013
879

Russia and Central Asia

2,116

2,352

2,569

2,595

2,545

-1.9%

1.4%

Middle East

1,064

1,365

1,757

1,832

1,884

2.9%

4.5%

Africa

77

106

112

121

113

-7.0%

3.0%

Asia - Pacific

90

113

152

166

169

1.8%

5.0%

1,058
2,367
268

991
2,133
316

1,043
2,201
367

1,097
2,319
389

1,106
2,350
388

0.8%
1.3%
-0.2%

0.3%
-0.1%
2.9%

World

404

432

473

480

480

-0.1%

1.3%

European Union

980

1,080

1,064

929

915

-1.5%

-0.5%

MENA

723

961

1,216

1,278

1,298

1.6%

4.6%

OECD
NON OECD

1,195
220

1,202
258

1,269
299

1,279
308

1,286
307

0.5%
-0.3%

0.6%
2.6%

OPEC
NON OPEC

679
389

814
409

977
441

1,048
444

1,038
443

-1.0%
-0.1%

3.3%
1.0%

Americas
- North America
- Latin America

(2013-2012)

-1.4%

(2013-2000)

Per Capita Consumption (2013)

Russia and C. Asia 2,545

North America 2,350

879
Europe

Middle East 1,884

388
Latin America

169
Asia - Pacific

Africa

Cubic metres

113

World: 480 cubic metres

-0.4%

57

58

Natural Gas
Per Capita Consumption

The World Top 10 Consumers Ranked by Per Capita Consumption (*)


(cubic metres)

y/y

CAGR

Russia

2000
2,594

2005
2,913

2010
3,259

2012
3,225

2013
3,203

Canada

2,890

2,988

2,764

2,870

2,928

2.0%

0.1%

Saudi Arabia

1,822

2,221

2,621

2,793

2,842

1.8%

3.5%

United States

2,310

2,041

2,139

2,258

2,286

1.2%

-0.1%

952

1,425

1,956

2,003

2,022

0.9%

6.0%

United Kingdom

1,770

1,687

1,612

1,242

1,219

-1.8%

-2.8%

Italy (**)

1,213

1,436

1,342

1,202

1,122

-6.6%

-0.6%

Germany

1,043

1,125

1,107

1,017

1,063

4.5%

0.1%

Japan

618

657

801

985

991

0.6%

3.7%

China

20

35

79

106

117

10.2%

14.8%

Iran

(2013-2012)

-0.7%

The World Top 10 (2013)

(*) Data source: Enis calculations. The original data are from IEA Extended Balances OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014 and IHS Global Insight.
(**) The original data are from Italian Ministry for Economic Development and IHS Global Insight.

(2013-2000)

1.6%

Natural Gas
Per Capita Consumption

Countries (*)
(cubic metres)

y/y

Europe
Albania
Austria
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Croatia
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy (**)
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macedonia
Moldova
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Serbia and Montenegro
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom

2000
922
4
970
1,704
1,567
63
437
589
871
994
578
789
723
1,043
185
1,128
1,077
1,213
549
704
1,832
32
696
2,631
1,101
310
235
729
221
1,275
495
448
104
404
239
1,514
1,770

2005
1,029
4
1,183
2,091
1,687
94
435
644
898
968
720
818
800
1,125
254
1,430
995
1,436
727
899
3,012
37
792
2,584
1,050
382
426
751
288
1,302
554
807
111
446
401
1,707
1,687

2010
1,012
5
1,172
2,281
1,853
62
371
724
915
950
517
853
807
1,107
347
1,173
1,250
1,342
834
968
2,812
54
774
2,815
1,527
400
506
589
279
1,099
501
790
186
459
519
1,431
1,612

2012
891
6
1,049
2,148
1,550
65
402
668
778
742
504
663
717
1,017
393
996
1,046
1,202
701
1,045
2,359
65
751
2,340
994
425
442
593
256
962
410
711
126
436
601
1,127
1,242

2013
879
6
985
2,168
1,567
48
407
621
789
703
510
622
725
1,063
347
931
1,043
1,122
810
858
1,947
73
582
2,353
1,189
428
420
554
307
1,060
398
661
119
455
598
1,094
1,219

(2013-2012)

Russia and Central Asia


Russia
Armenia
Azerbaijan
Georgia
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan

2000
2,116
2,594
434
709
240
538
138
121
2,889
1,996

2005
2,352
2,913
521
1,128
283
987
146
94
3,580
1,823

2010
2,569
3,259
498
1,030
276
1,672
55
25
4,102
1,595

2012
2,595
3,225
740
1,159
451
1,709
78
18
4,540
1,789

2013
2,545
3,203
711
1,179
466
1,691
54
17
3,789
1,706

(2013-2012)

-1.4%
11.3%
-6.2%
0.9%
1.1%
-25.9%
1.3%
-7.1%
1.4%
-5.3%
1.3%
-6.1%
1.1%
4.5%
-11.6%
-6.5%
-0.3%
-6.6%
15.6%
-18.0%
-17.5%
12.9%
-22.5%
0.6%
19.6%
0.9%
-5.0%
-6.6%
19.9%
10.2%
-2.8%
-7.1%
-5.7%
4.2%
-0.4%
-3.0%
-1.8%

y/y

-1.9%
-0.7%
-3.9%
1.7%
3.4%
-1.0%
-30.3%
-2.5%
-16.5%
-4.6%

(*) Data source: Enis calculations. The original data are from IEA Extended Balances OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014 and IHS Global Insight.
(**) The original data are from Italian Ministry for Economic Development and IHS Global Insight.

CAGR

(2013-2000)

-0.4%
4.5%
0.1%
1.9%
0.0%
-2.0%
-0.5%
0.4%
-0.8%
-2.6%
-1.0%
-1.8%
0.0%
0.1%
5.0%
-1.5%
-0.2%
-0.6%
3.0%
1.5%
0.5%
6.6%
-1.4%
-0.9%
0.6%
2.5%
4.6%
-2.1%
2.6%
-1.4%
-1.7%
3.0%
1.0%
0.9%
7.3%
-2.5%
-2.8%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

1.4%
1.6%
3.9%
4.0%
5.3%
9.2%
-7.0%
-14.0%
2.1%
-1.2%

59

60

Natural Gas
Per Capita Consumption

Countries (*)
(cubic metres)

y/y

2000
1,064
12,177
952
129
2
53
4,906
0
3,004
19,025
1,822
360
10,827
0

2005
1,365
11,421
1,425
65
243
315
5,218
0
4,080
20,003
2,221
325
9,826
0

2010
1,757
9,993
1,956
161
708
423
4,726
58
6,885
15,904
2,621
432
6,976
45

2012
1,832
9,551
2,003
179
328
112
5,444
0
6,576
20,757
2,793
254
6,929
34

2013
1,884
10,761
2,022
166
884
136
5,155
0
5,957
21,657
2,842
232
6,938
153

(2013-2012)

Africa
Algeria
Angola
Cameroon
Cte dIvoire
Egypt
Gabon
Libya
Morocco
Mozambique
Nigeria
Senegal
South Africa
Tanzania
Tunisia

2000
77
633
42
0
90
260
96
956
2
0
56
0
38
0
341

2005
106
721
42
0
82
498
105
1,028
15
1
77
1
70
10
367

2010
112
751
42
17
81
547
214
1,131
21
3
66
2
93
17
541

2012
121
868
41
18
85
578
240
907
39
4
89
2
96
20
553

2013
113
883
40
18
83
558
237
338
36
7
71
3
94
19
595

(2013-2012)

Asia-Pacific
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
Hong Kong
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
Myanmar
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam

2000
90
1,194
63
6,652
20
428
26
152
618
1,259
28
1,564
138
0
341
441
300
332
17

2005
113
1,103
87
5,961
35
378
34
155
657
1,471
49
931
194
38
1,478
694
467
472
66

2010
152
1,395
137
7,971
79
530
54
192
801
1,316
27
1,018
186
39
1,694
951
688
592
109

2012
166
1,541
141
9,088
106
383
47
169
985
1,322
24
1,027
181
40
1,648
1,095
682
628
106

2013
169
1,519
145
9,786
117
340
41
183
991
1,324
18
1,048
166
36
1,814
1,153
697
640
109

(2013-2012)

Middle East
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Jordan
Kuwait
Lebanon
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen

2.9%
12.7%
0.9%
-7.2%
169.4%
21.4%
-5.3%
-9.4%
4.3%
1.8%
-8.7%
0.1%
350.1%

y/y

-7.0%
1.7%
-2.3%
-1.4%
-1.4%
-3.6%
-1.5%
-62.8%
-7.0%
91.7%
-20.4%
46.1%
-1.6%
-2.9%
7.6%

y/y

1.8%
-1.4%
2.6%
7.7%
10.2%
-11.3%
-13.6%
8.2%
0.6%
0.2%
-23.1%
2.0%
-8.0%
-9.8%
10.1%
5.3%
2.1%
1.9%
2.8%

(*) Data source: Enis calculations. The original data are from IEA Extended Balances OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014 and IHS Global Insight.

CAGR

(2013-2000)

4.5%
-0.9%
6.0%
2.0%
62.9%
7.5%
0.4%
5.4%
1.0%
3.5%
-3.3%
-3.4%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

3.0%
2.6%
-0.4%

-0.6%
6.0%
7.2%
-7.7%
27.3%
44.9%
1.8%
33.6%
7.3%
4.4%
CAGR

(2013-2000)

5.0%
1.9%
6.6%
3.0%
14.8%
-1.8%
3.4%
1.5%
3.7%
0.4%
-3.4%
-3.0%
1.4%
53.7%
13.7%
7.7%
6.7%
5.2%
15.6%

Natural Gas
Per Capita Consumption

Countries (*)
(cubic metres)

Americas
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Canada
Chile
Colombia
Cuba
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Mexico
Peru
Trinidad and Tobago
United States
Uruguay
Venezuela

2000
1,058
984
329
54
2,890
402
164
49
0
0
332
23
8,050
2,310
11
1,323

2005
991
1,105
251
107
2,988
496
170
64
21
24
410
70
13,505
2,041
32
1,073

2010
1,043
1,122
306
141
2,764
311
212
90
77
34
539
224
16,465
2,139
23
1,062

2012
1,097
1,210
344
164
2,870
293
199
87
109
38
577
271
15,794
2,258
18
1,074

2013
1,106
1,211
297
195
2,928
265
214
85
104
34
537
269
15,766
2,286
17
1,031

y/y

(2013-2012)

0.8%
0.1%
-13.7%
19.3%
2.0%
-9.3%
7.8%
-1.8%
-4.7%
-10.1%
-6.9%
-1.1%
-0.2%
1.2%
-6.5%
-4.0%

(*) Data source: Enis calculations. The original data are from IEA Extended Balances OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014 and IHS Global Insight.

CAGR

(2013-2000)

0.3%
1.6%
-0.8%
10.4%
0.1%
-3.1%
2.1%
4.4%

3.8%
20.9%
5.3%
-0.1%
3.5%
-1.9%

61

Natural Gas
Production/Consumption Ratios

Areas and Aggregates


y/y

CAGR

2000
0.55

2005
0.50

2010
0.47

2012
0.49

2013
0.48

Russia and Central Asia

1.47

1.49

1.41

1.42

1.48

4.3%

0.1%

Middle East

1.13

1.19

1.26

1.33

1.31

-1.5%

1.1%

Africa

2.21

2.13

1.95

1.73

1.65

-4.4%

-2.2%

Asia - Pacific

0.94

0.91

0.82

0.74

0.75

1.4%

-1.7%

Americas
- North America
- Latin America

0.97
0.96
1.01

0.99
0.98
1.03

0.99
0.99
1.00

1.00
1.01
0.96

0.99
1.00
0.96

-1.1%
-1.4%
0.0%

0.2%
0.3%
-0.4%

World

1.00

1.00

0.99

1.00

1.00

0.2%

0.0%

European Union

0.53

0.43

0.36

0.34

0.34

0.3%

-3.3%

MENA

1.39

1.40

1.38

1.39

1.35

-2.5%

-0.2%

OECD
NON OECD

0.78
1.27

0.75
1.27

0.73
1.23

0.75
1.22

0.74
1.23

-0.5%
0.6%

-0.4%
-0.2%

OPEC
NON OPEC

1.40
0.96

1.41
0.96

1.43
0.93

1.44
0.93

1.41
0.94

-2.1%
0.7%

0.1%
-0.2%

(2013-2012)

-1.6%

(2013-2000)

Africa 1.65

1.00
North America

Russia and C. Asia 1.48

0.96
Latin America

Middle East 1.31

0.75
Asia - Pacific

Production/Consumption Ratios (2013)

0.48

Europe

Europe

62

-0.9%

Natural Gas
Production/Consumption Ratios

The World Top 10 Producers Ranked by Production/Consumption Ratio (*)


y/y

CAGR

2000
11.17

2005
18.43

2010
14.61

2012
23.34

2013
18.31

Qatar

2.30

2.89

4.60

3.96

3.64

-8.0%

3.9%

Algeria

4.15

3.68

3.09

2.59

2.35

-9.1%

-4.6%

Indonesia

2.30

2.24

1.93

1.92

1.80

-6.7%

-2.1%

Canada

2.00

1.91

1.68

1.56

1.50

-3.9%

-2.4%

Russia

1.48

1.48

1.41

1.40

1.44

2.9%

-0.2%

Iran

0.95

1.00

1.00

1.03

1.03

-0.5%

0.7%

Saudi Arabia

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

0.0%

0.0%

United States

0.82

0.83

0.89

0.94

0.93

-0.9%

1.1%

China

1.10

1.06

0.90

0.74

0.72

-3.1%

-3.4%

Norway

(2013-2012)

-21.6%

(2013-2000)

4.2%

(*) Data source: Enis calculations. The original data are from IEA Extended Balances OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.

Norway 18.31

Qatar 3.64

Algeria 2.35

1.03
Iran

Indonesia 1.80

1.00
Saudi Arabia

Canada 1.50

0.93
United States

Russia 1.44

0.72
China

The World Top 10 (2013)

63

64

Natural Gas
Production/Consumption Ratios

Countries (*)
y/y

Europe
Albania
Austria
Belarus
Bulgaria
Croatia
Czech Republic
Denmark
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Serbia and Montenegro
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom

2000
0.55
1.00
0.24
0.01
0.00
0.61
0.02
1.67
0.04
0.22
0.02
0.26
0.28
0.24
1.49
11.17
0.33
0.80
0.41
0.02
0.01
0.01
0.04
0.24
1.12

2005
0.50
1.00
0.17
0.01
0.14
0.79
0.02
2.13
0.02
0.18
0.01
0.19
0.13
0.14
1.59
18.43
0.32
0.70
0.12
0.02
0.00
0.00
0.03
0.26
0.93

2010
0.47
1.00
0.18
0.01
0.03
0.84
0.02
1.66
0.02
0.15
0.00
0.23
0.05
0.10
1.62
14.61
0.29
0.80
0.17
0.02
0.01
0.00
0.02
0.28
0.61

2012
0.49
1.00
0.21
0.01
0.13
0.68
0.03
1.49
0.01
0.14
0.00
0.21
0.05
0.11
1.75
23.34
0.28
0.80
0.25
0.03
0.00
0.00
0.01
0.36
0.53

2013
0.48
1.01
0.16
0.01
0.09
0.68
0.03
1.29
0.01
0.12
0.00
0.19
0.07
0.11
1.87
18.31
0.28
0.84
0.23
0.02
0.00
0.00
0.01
0.37
0.50

(2013-2012)

Russia and Central Asia


Russia
Azerbaijan
Georgia
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan

2000
1.47
1.48
0.95
0.06
1.16
0.05
0.05
3.51
1.10

2005
1.49
1.48
0.57
0.01
1.27
0.03
0.04
3.60
1.23

2010
1.41
1.41
1.78
0.01
1.10
0.08
0.12
2.13
1.32

2012
1.42
1.40
1.64
0.00
1.22
0.07
0.08
2.86
1.19

2013
1.48
1.44
1.66
0.00
1.28
0.11
0.08
3.70
1.23

(2013-2012)

2000
1.13
1.00
0.95
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.66
2.30
1.00
1.00
1.22

2005
1.19
0.99
1.00
1.00
1.00
0.13
1.00
2.21
2.89
1.00
1.00
1.14

2010
1.26
1.00
1.00
1.00
0.61
0.06
0.81
1.55
4.60
1.00
0.93
0.84
6.57

2012
1.33
1.00
1.03
1.00
0.98
0.18
0.85
1.44
3.96
1.00
1.00
0.82
9.99

2013
1.31
1.00
1.03
1.00
0.93
0.12
0.87
1.47
3.64
1.00
1.00
0.83
2.95

(2013-2012)

Middle East
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Jordan
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen

(*) Data source: Enis calculations. The original data are from IEA Extended Balances OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.

-1.6%
1.3%
-23.9%
4.1%
-27.8%
-0.3%
-5.1%
-13.4%
-37.0%
-11.1%
-5.6%
-8.7%
53.2%
-3.9%
6.6%
-21.6%
-1.0%
4.4%
-9.7%
-25.6%
52.7%
4.0%
-15.7%
3.2%
-5.1%

y/y

4.3%
2.9%
0.9%
-19.2%
4.5%
56.3%
-0.9%
29.6%
3.4%

y/y

-1.5%
0.0%
-0.5%
0.0%
-5.1%
-34.1%
2.4%
1.9%
-8.0%
0.0%
0.0%
1.3%
-70.4%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

-0.9%
0.1%
-2.9%
-2.3%
26.7%
0.7%
2.1%
-1.9%
-12.5%
-4.4%
-18.4%
-2.1%
-10.1%
-5.6%
1.7%
3.9%
-1.4%
0.3%
-4.3%
-0.5%
-5.1%
-11.8%
-9.3%
3.3%
-6.0%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

0.1%
-0.2%
4.4%
-22.5%
0.8%
6.5%
3.2%
0.4%
0.9%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

1.1%
0.0%
0.6%
0.0%
-0.6%
-15.0%
-1.0%
-1.0%
3.6%
0.0%
0.0%
-2.9%

Natural Gas
Production/Consumption Ratios

Countries (*)

Africa
Algeria
Angola
Cte dIvoire
Egypt
Gabon
Libya
Morocco
Nigeria
Senegal
South Africa
Tanzania
Tunisia

Asia - Pacific
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
Myanmar
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam

Americas
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Canada
Chile
Colombia
Cuba
Ecuador
Mexico
Peru
Trinidad and Tobago
United States
Venezuela

2000
2.21
4.15
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.16
1.00
1.77
1.00
1.00

y/y

2010
1.95
3.09
1.00
1.00
1.30
1.00
2.40
0.08
3.01
1.02
0.33
1.00
0.58

2012
1.73
2.59
1.00
1.00
1.13
1.00
2.13
0.06
2.67
1.50
0.24
1.00
0.51

2013
1.65
2.35
1.16
1.00
1.09
1.00
3.65
0.07
2.72
1.00
0.24
1.00
0.46

(2013-2012)

0.69

2005
2.13
3.68
1.00
1.00
1.42
1.00
1.91
0.09
2.19
1.00
0.65
1.00
0.64

2000
0.94
1.48
1.05
5.12
1.10
1.00
2.30
0.03
1.72
4.32
1.00
1.00
1.00
0.00
0.11
0.90
1.00

2005
0.91
1.65
1.03
5.44
1.06
0.82
2.24
0.04
1.74
4.49
1.00
1.00
1.00
0.02
0.05
0.71
1.28

2010
0.82
1.61
0.96
3.84
0.90
0.79
1.93
0.04
1.64
7.67
1.03
1.00
1.00
0.01
0.02
0.75
1.00

2012
0.74
1.59
0.96
3.34
0.74
0.68
1.92
0.03
1.59
8.01
0.99
1.00
1.00
0.01
0.02
0.74
1.00

2013
0.75
1.75
0.96
3.14
0.72
0.67
1.80
0.03
1.62
10.70
1.01
1.00
0.98
0.01
0.02
0.91
1.00

(2013-2012)

2000
0.97
1.13
1.72
0.77
2.00
0.31
1.00
1.00

2005
0.99
1.11
5.21
0.55
1.91
0.24
1.00
1.00
1.00
0.80
1.00
1.80
0.83
1.00

2010
0.99
0.93
4.73
0.54
1.68
0.35
1.15
1.00
1.00
0.79
1.39
1.95
0.89
0.92

2012
1.00
0.82
5.03
0.60
1.56
0.24
1.18
1.00
1.00
0.69
1.76
1.94
0.94
0.93

2013
0.99
0.77
6.56
0.55
1.50
0.20
1.10
1.02
1.16
0.72
1.81
1.95
0.93
0.96

(2013-2012)

0.92
1.00
1.42
0.82
1.00

(*) Data source: Enis calculations. The original data are from IEA Extended Balances OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.

-4.4%
-9.1%
16.4%
0.0%
-3.1%
0.0%
71.5%
5.8%
2.1%
-33.2%
1.0%
0.0%
-10.0%

y/y

1.4%
10.4%
0.0%
-6.2%
-3.1%
-1.0%
-6.7%
-7.8%
1.8%
33.6%
2.2%
0.0%
-2.0%
0.3%
-15.7%
22.6%
0.4%

y/y

-1.1%
-6.4%
30.4%
-8.2%
-3.9%
-17.5%
-6.8%
1.9%
15.7%
4.2%
2.8%
0.5%
-0.9%
2.3%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

-2.2%
-4.3%
1.2%
0.0%
0.7%
0.0%
9.2%
-18.8%
3.4%
0.0%
-10.4%
-3.1%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

-1.7%
1.3%
-0.7%
-3.7%
-3.2%
-3.0%
-1.9%
-2.0%
-0.5%
7.2%
0.1%
0.0%
-0.2%

-12.1%
0.1%
0.0%
CAGR

(2013-2000)

0.2%
-2.9%
10.9%
-2.6%
-2.2%
-3.3%
0.7%
0.1%
-1.9%
4.7%
2.4%
1.0%
-0.3%

65

Natural Gas
Exports

The World Top 10 Exporters (*)


(billion cubic metres)

y/y

CAGR

Russia

2000
186.76

2005
199.68

2010
183.88

2012
189.42

2013
206.53

Qatar

14.69

31.12

100.14

125.94

128.08

1.7%

18.1%

Norway

50.26

84.64

101.72

110.94

103.77

-6.5%

5.7%

Canada

98.61

104.24

94.40

87.69

80.87

-7.8%

-1.5%

Netherlands

35.38

44.58

50.88

51.63

57.50

11.4%

3.8%

Algeria

63.24

65.71

58.03

53.09

45.76

-13.8%

-2.5%

Turkmenistan

32.57

44.20

23.32

43.59

43.59

0.0%

2.3%

United States

6.65

19.91

31.19

44.24

43.00

-2.8%

15.4%

Indonesia

41.24

43.28

42.89

38.52

36.21

-6.0%

-1.0%

Malaysia

21.27

29.63

32.00

32.10

34.67

8.0%

3.8%

The World Top 10

550.66

666.99

718.45

777.17

779.97

0.4%

2.9%

Rest of the World

93.68

197.82

259.16

262.25

265.35

1.2%

9.0%

644.35

864.81

977.61

1,039.41

1,045.33

0.6%

4.1%

World

(2013-2012)

9.0%

(2013-2000)

0.8%

Russia 19.8%

Qatar 12.3%

Norway 9.9%

Canada 7.7%

Netherlands 5.5%

Algeria 4.4%

4.1%
United States

Turkmenistan 4.2%

3.5%
Indonesia

Share of World Total

3.3%

The World Top 10 (2013)

Malaysia

66

(*) Data source: the original data are from IEA Extended Balances OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014. Data have been converted by Eni using a unified gross
calorific value of 39 MJ/cm.

Natural Gas
Exports

Countries (*)
(billion cubic metres)

Europe
Austria
Belgium
Croatia
Czech Republic
Denmark
France
Germany
Hungary
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Slovakia
Spain
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom

Russia and Central Asia


Russia
Armenia
Azerbaijan
Kazakhstan
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan

Middle East
Iran
Oman
Qatar
United Arab Emirates
Yemen

Africa
Algeria
Angola
Egypt
Libya
Mozambique
Nigeria

2000

2005

2010

2012

2013

0.02
0.00
0.00
0.00
3.44
0.81
5.03
0.08
0.05
35.38
50.26
0.04
0.00
0.00
0.00
2.87
13.51

1.05
0.00
0.44
0.08
5.98
1.08
20.23
0.00
0.39
44.58
84.64
0.04
0.37
0.00
0.00
2.66
8.88

4.99
3.28
0.47
0.16
3.77
3.05
20.46
0.22
0.14
50.88
101.72
0.04
0.00
1.20
0.64
0.01
16.28

6.24
5.40
0.25
0.01
3.19
6.49
17.01
0.82
0.14
51.63
110.94
0.00
0.05
2.90
0.60
0.00
13.29

3.89
5.45
0.36
0.01
2.35
5.38
18.82
1.43
0.22
57.50
103.77
0.09
0.01
5.63
0.64
0.00
10.12

2000

2005

2010

2012

2013

186.76
0.00
0.00
5.22
32.57
6.64

199.68
0.00
0.00
15.43
44.20
12.01

183.88
0.00
6.20
6.23
23.32
13.95

189.42
0.07
6.63
10.73
43.59
9.88

206.53
0.07
7.32
10.93
43.59
9.88

2000

2005

2010

2012

2013

0.00
4.37
14.69
7.07
0.00

4.78
12.50
31.12
7.14
0.00

8.57
12.58
100.14
7.63
5.64

9.39
11.61
125.94
7.34
7.29

9.39
12.15
128.08
7.25
7.29

2000

2005

2010

2012

2013

63.24
0.00
0.00
0.78
0.00
5.27

65.71
0.00
15.08
5.26
2.21
12.83

58.03
0.00
12.64
9.55
3.12
21.18

53.09
0.00
6.04
6.30
3.67
25.09

45.76
0.25
3.81
5.56
4.01
21.23

y/y

(2013-2012)

-37.7%
0.8%
46.4%
7.8%
-26.2%
-17.1%
10.6%
73.2%
64.0%
11.4%
-6.5%
2,910.4%
-68.0%
94.2%
6.0%
-23.9%
y/y

(2013-2012)

9.0%
0.0%
10.4%
1.9%
0.0%
0.0%
y/y

(2013-2012)

0.0%
4.7%
1.7%
-1.3%
0.0%
y/y

(2013-2012)

-13.8%
-36.9%
-11.8%
9.2%
-15.4%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

51.3%
17.4%
-2.9%
15.7%
10.7%
25.2%
12.4%
3.8%
5.7%
6.6%

-100.0%
-2.2%
CAGR

(2013-2000)

0.8%
5.9%
2.3%
3.1%
CAGR

(2013-2000)

8.2%
18.1%
0.2%
CAGR

(2013-2000)

-2.5%
16.3%
11.3%

(*) Data source: the original data are from IEA Extended Balances OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014 and, for Italy, from Italian Ministry for Economic Development.
Data have been converted by Eni using a unified gross calorific value of 39 MJ/cm.

67

68

Natural Gas
Exports

Countries (*)
(billion cubic metres)

Asia - Pacific
Australia
Brunei
China
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
Vietnam

Americas
Argentina
Bolivia
Canada
Colombia
Mexico
Peru
Trinidad and Tobago
United States

2000

2005

2010

2012

2013

11.05
9.10
2.39
41.24
21.27
4.75
0.00

14.77
9.73
2.96
43.28
29.63
9.55
1.55

24.92
9.05
4.02
42.89
32.00
10.59
0.00

26.85
8.77
2.88
38.52
32.10
10.21
0.00

33.39
8.77
2.88
36.21
34.67
10.73
0.00

2000

2005

2010

2012

2013

4.63
2.00
98.61
0.00
0.25
0.00
4.32
6.65

6.63
9.89
104.24
0.00
0.25
0.00
14.07
19.91

0.46
11.61
94.40
1.43
0.88
2.54
20.85
31.19

0.10
14.58
87.69
1.72
0.08
6.16
19.81
44.24

0.10
17.64
80.87
1.72
0.03
6.16
19.73
43.00

y/y

(2013-2012)

24.4%
0.0%
0.0%
-6.0%
8.0%
5.1%
y/y

(2013-2012)

0.2%
21.0%
-7.8%
0.0%
-60.5%
0.0%
-0.4%
-2.8%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

8.9%
-0.3%
1.4%
-1.0%
3.8%
6.5%
CAGR

(2013-2000)

-25.3%
18.2%
-1.5%
-14.5%
12.4%
15.4%

(*) Data source: the original data are from IEA Extended Balances OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014. Data have been converted by Eni using a unified gross
calorific value of 39 MJ/cm.

Natural Gas
Imports

The World Top 10 Importers (*)


(billion cubic metres)

y/y

CAGR

Japan

2000
75.74

2005
80.86

2010
98.77

2012
121.72

2013
122.95

Germany

72.85

94.10

93.98

88.36

94.87

7.4%

2.1%

104.69

120.31

103.66

86.72

79.59

-8.2%

-2.1%

Italy

56.12

71.76

73.62

66.16

60.54

-8.5%

0.6%

South Korea

20.36

31.14

46.86

51.11

56.85

11.2%

8.2%

China

0.00

0.00

15.02

39.74

51.90

30.6%

France

43.48

49.64

50.22

50.53

50.71

0.4%

1.2%

2.40

16.00

54.41

50.51

49.25

-2.5%

26.2%

Turkey

14.37

26.40

37.35

45.10

44.46

-1.4%

9.1%

Spain

18.45

36.08

38.11

36.38

36.31

-0.2%

5.3%

The World Top 10

408.47

526.29

612.01

636.33

647.42

1.7%

3.6%

Rest of the World

229.38

319.78

371.53

393.85

388.30

-1.4%

4.1%

World

637.86

846.07

983.53

1,030.18

1,035.72

0.5%

3.8%

United States

United Kingdom

(2013-2012)

1.0%

(2013-2000)

3.8%

Japan 11.9%

Germany 9.2%

United States 7.7%

Italy 5.8%

South Korea 5.5%

China 5.0%

France 4.9%

4.8%

4.3%
Turkey

United Kingdom

3.5%

Share of World Total

Spain

The World Top 10 (2013)

(*) Data source: the original data are from IEA Extended Balances OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014 and, for Italy, from Italian Ministry for Economic Development.

Data have been converted by Eni using a unified gross calorific value of 39 MJ/cm.

69

70

Natural Gas
Imports

Countries (*)
(billion cubic metres)

Europe
Austria
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Croatia
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macedonia
Moldova
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Serbia and Montenegro
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom

Russia and Central Asia


Russia
Armenia
Azerbaijan
Georgia
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Tajikistan
Uzbekistan

Middle East
Iran
Israel
Jordan
Kuwait
Oman
United Arab Emirates

y/y

2000

2005

2010

2012

2013

6.28
16.95
15.84
0.24
3.27
1.08
8.92
0.00
0.79
4.08
43.48
72.85
2.01
8.76
2.95
56.12
1.33
2.46
0.80
0.06
2.53
14.88
7.92
2.43
3.23
1.08
6.81
0.98
18.45
0.93
2.90
14.37
59.24
2.40

9.58
19.92
17.67
0.36
2.93
1.10
9.07
0.00
0.95
4.29
49.64
94.10
2.78
11.70
3.59
71.76
1.71
2.97
1.40
0.07
2.85
19.61
10.22
4.64
5.00
2.05
7.21
1.10
36.08
1.00
3.32
26.40
60.22
16.00

12.28
21.36
23.31
0.24
2.54
1.04
8.32
0.16
0.67
4.58
50.22
93.98
3.85
9.44
5.34
73.62
1.08
2.96
1.43
0.11
2.76
22.01
10.63
5.37
2.17
1.87
5.97
1.02
38.11
1.75
3.59
37.35
35.25
54.41

13.87
20.05
22.30
0.25
2.44
1.31
7.28
0.94
0.65
3.58
50.53
88.36
4.38
8.04
4.58
66.16
1.64
3.17
1.25
0.14
2.67
22.30
11.98
4.68
2.74
1.70
4.72
0.84
36.38
1.20
3.49
45.10
31.72
50.51

10.19
20.06
22.47
0.18
2.65
1.23
8.32
1.44
0.66
3.38
50.71
94.87
3.86
8.07
4.45
60.54
1.66
2.58
1.06
0.15
2.07
23.07
12.24
4.57
1.38
1.84
5.50
0.82
36.31
1.14
3.68
44.46
26.95
49.25

2000

2005

2010

2012

2013

12.55
1.34
0.28
1.07
4.22
0.65
0.71
1.57

7.40
1.60
4.53
1.25
11.23
0.71
0.61
1.07

4.17
1.63
0.00
1.20
3.51
0.27
0.17
0.00

7.88
2.37
0.00
1.96
4.35
0.40
0.13
0.00

8.03
2.28
0.00
1.98
4.35
0.27
0.13
0.00

2000

2005

2010

2012

2013

(2013-2012)

3.32
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

5.22
0.00
1.44
0.00
0.00
1.36

9.08
2.07
2.57
2.71
2.02
16.96

4.71
0.06
0.64
2.58
2.07
18.68

5.79
0.50
0.85
2.13
2.07
19.35

22.9%
749.7%
32.6%
-17.6%
0.0%
3.6%

(2013-2012)

-26.6%
0.0%
0.8%
-26.1%
9.0%
-6.5%
14.2%
53.4%
1.0%
-5.8%
0.4%
7.4%
-11.9%
0.3%
-2.7%
-8.5%
1.0%
-18.5%
-15.3%
13.0%
-22.5%
3.5%
2.1%
-2.4%
-49.8%
8.4%
16.5%
-2.7%
-0.2%
-5.1%
5.3%
-1.4%
-15.0%
-2.5%
y/y

(2013-2012)

CAGR

(2013-2000)

3.8%
1.3%
2.7%
-1.9%
-1.6%
1.0%
-0.5%
-1.4%
-1.4%
1.2%
2.1%
5.1%
-0.6%
3.2%
0.6%
1.7%
0.4%
2.2%
7.0%
-1.5%
3.4%
3.4%
5.0%
-6.4%
4.2%
-1.6%
-1.3%
5.3%
1.6%
1.8%
9.1%
-5.9%
26.2%
CAGR

(2013-2000)

2.0%
-3.6%

-3.4%
4.2%

1.3%
0.0%
-32.3%
0.0%

4.9%
0.2%
-6.6%
-12.3%

y/y

CAGR

(2013-2000)

4.4%

(*) Data source: the original data are from IEA Extended Balances OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014 and, for Italy, from Italian Ministry for Economic Development.
Data have been converted by Eni using a unified gross calorific value of 39 MJ/cm.

Natural Gas
Imports

Countries (*)
(billion cubic metres)

Africa
Ghana
Morocco
South Africa
Tunisia

Asia - Pacific
Australia
China
Hong Kong
India
Japan
Malaysia
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand

Americas
Argentina
Brazil
Canada
Chile
Dominican Republic
Mexico
United States
Uruguay
Venezuela

2000

2005

2010

2012

2013

0.00
0.00
0.00
1.01

0.00
0.41
1.16
1.31

0.42
0.63
3.12
2.39

0.42
1.19
3.67
2.96

0.42
1.12
3.67
2.76

2000

2005

2010

2012

2013

0.00
0.00
2.92
0.00
75.74
0.00
1.33
20.36
6.17
2.06

0.00
0.00
2.61
7.00
80.86
1.60
6.64
31.14
9.96
8.85

5.79
15.02
3.74
13.64
98.77
8.36
8.60
46.86
15.44
9.82

5.96
39.74
2.74
18.60
121.72
9.38
8.74
51.11
16.13
10.72

6.68
51.90
2.74
17.71
122.95
13.29
8.74
56.85
16.23
11.28

2000

2005

2010

2012

2013

0.00
2.20
1.58
4.38
0.00
2.87
104.69
0.04
0.00

1.73
8.94
9.34
6.29
0.23
9.16
120.31
0.11
0.00

3.58
12.57
22.39
3.59
0.77
14.83
103.66
0.08
2.48

9.07
13.10
31.10
3.93
1.08
22.20
86.72
0.06
2.09

11.68
16.85
26.75
3.77
1.08
18.85
79.59
0.06
0.23

(*) Data source: the original data are from IEA Extended Balances OECD/International Energy Agency, 2014.
Data have been converted by Eni using a unified gross calorific value of 39 MJ/cm.

y/y

(2013-2012)

0.0%
-6.0%
0.0%
-6.6%
y/y

(2013-2012)

12.1%
30.6%
0.0%
-4.8%
1.0%
41.7%
0.0%
11.2%
0.6%
5.3%
y/y

(2013-2012)

28.9%
28.6%
-14.0%
-3.9%
0.0%
-15.1%
-8.2%
-6.1%
-88.9%

CAGR

(2013-2000)

8.0%
CAGR

(2013-2000)

-0.5%
3.8%
15.6%
8.2%
7.7%
14.0%
CAGR

(2013-2000)

17.0%
24.3%
-1.1%
15.6%
-2.1%
3.7%

71

Natural Gas
Imports

72

Imports by Country of Origin - Pipeline and LNG 2013 (*)


(billion cubic metres)

United
Kingdom

Ukraine

Turkey

Switzerland

Sweden

Spain

Slovenia

Slovakia

Serbia

Romania

Portugal

Poland

Netherlands

Moldova

Macedonia

Luxembourg

Lithuania

Latvia

Italy

Ireland

Hungary

Greece

Germany

France

Finland

Estonia

Denmark

Czech Republic

Croatia

Bulgaria

Bosnia
Herzegovina

Belgium

Belarus

Importers
Exporters

Austria

EUROPE

Europe
Austria
Belgium
Croatia
Czech Republic
Denmark
France
Germany
Hungary
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Portugal
Spain
Turkey
United Kingdom
Others/Non Specified

2.50

0.30

0.95

0.13

0.19

3.99

0.36
0.58
1.40

1.09
4.17

1.00

0.22

2.95

0.86

0.27
0.07
1.46

0.57
2.30

2.27
0.12

0.05

1.11
0.06

6.74
6.97

7.08 28.43
17.13 19.87

0.37

0.05

1.75
2.30

0.01
0.53

16.15

0.10
0.79

7.85
27.96

1.10
0.17

0.01
0.68

1.68

4.40

4.05

0.83

Russia
and Central Asia
Russia
Azerbaijan
Kazakhstan
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan

6.57 20.26

0.19

2.71

8.48

0.68

3.48

8.47 40.27

2.57

8.18

23.50

1.73

2.71

0.25

0.16

2.39

4.29

9.62

1.33

1.89

5.51

0.36

26.21 25.84
4.25
0.55

0.55

Middle East
Iran
Oman
Qatar
United Arab Emirates
Yemen

8.73
2.29

1.52

0.17
3.61

5.10

8.61

Africa
Algeria
Angola
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Libya
Nigeria

5.12

0.60

12.76

0.09

0.05

2.16

0.14 18.67

0.28

3.92

0.04

0.41
0.07

5.70
1.07

0.09

1.75

3.27

1.27

Asia - Pacific
Australia
Brunei
China
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
Americas
Argentina
Bolivia
Canada
Mexico
Peru
Trinidad and Tobago
United States
Others/Non Specified
TOTAL BY COUNTRY

1.52
2.08

0.11

2.38

5.66

10.41 20.26 23.33

0.10
0.19

2.71

1.27

6.18
8.48

1.36

0.68

6.34

3.48 47.87 94.91

4.22
3.87

8.18

4.40 61.97

0.11
1.73

2.71

1.03

0.52
0.16

2.39 26.99 12.47

TOTAL IMPORTS

(*) Data source: Enis elaborations on IEA Natural Gas Information, 2014 and, for Italy, on Italian Ministry for Economic Development data.

4.42

0.10

0.07
1.45

1.94

5.58

0.89
0.85 34.99

1.09

3.76 45.27 27.50 48.99

Natural Gas
Imports

Others
Americas

0.16

Venezuela

United States

0.08
0.22

Uruguay

Mexico

Dominican
Republic

0.40

Chile

0.08

Canada

Brazil

Others Asia

Thailand

Taiwan

Argentina

0.08

South Korea

AMERICAS

Singapore

Malaysia

Japan

India

Hong Kong

China

Australia

ASIA-PACIFIC

Tunisia

South Africa

Morocco

Ghana

United Arab
Emirates

AFRICA

Oman

Kuwait

Jordan

Israel

Iran

Tajikistan

MIDDLE EAST

Kyrgyzstan

Kazakhstan

Georgia

Armenia

Russia

RUSSIA AND CENTRAL ASIA

73

0.24

0.06

0.08

0.07
0.77

0.08

0.21

0.08

0.20

0.09

1.96

0.24
1.74

1.43

8.20

0.20
0.76
2.17

12.02

2.59

0.07

5.92
14.16 22.64
7.40
0.72 0.70

5.84
17.77

7.63

1.37

4.82

0.07

0.08

0.94
0.17
0.36
2.52

0.17
0.09
0.86
0.16

0.22
0.46

0.08

1.04

5.45

3.54

0.62

0.32

0.08

25.73
6.68

0.88
1.49

0.07
0.07

7.58
5.50

2.34
3.65

0.13
5.39

27.32

0.07

0.41
1.87

2.12 19.62

9.50
1.49

0.08
0.87

0.08

1.10

2.71

0.08
0.09
0.50
0.50

0.16

0.23

0.43

0.15
0.46

0.57

0.08

4.59

0.87

0.24

0.79

0.17

1.44

0.21

0.40

0.56

0.31

1.17

0.07

0.08
0.01
0.15

0.55

1.17

2.81
3.58
3.55

9.20 13.21
21.01

7.49
1.49

0.17
10.24

0.01

0.06

5.45 11.31
78.89
0.03
0.22

8.20

2.36

1.97

4.35

0.27

0.13

0.34

0.22

5.74

0.51

0.15

3.77
0.87

2.18

2.12 19.86

0.43

1.10

3.77

6.52
2.71

0.52
0.39

0.67
0.83

3.19

0.19 11.70 16.67 26.94

3.78

1.11 18.53 81.65

0.07

0.08

6.52 52.00

0.16
25.99

2.05
1.11 0.33
12.21

0.19
2.81 16.68 122.82 13.21

8.97 53.16 15.27 12.09

2.91

2.46

1.70

1.00

1.98

0.80

0.20
0.06

0.20

0.80

1,038.42

Natural Gas
Imports

74

Imports by Country of Origin - Pipeline 2013 (*)


(billion cubic metres)

Sweden

Spain

Slovenia

Slovakia

Serbia

Romania

Portugal

Poland

Netherlands

Moldova

Macedonia

Luxembourg

Lithuania

Latvia

Italy

Ireland

Hungary

Greece

Germany

France

Finland

Estonia

Denmark

Czech Republic

Croatia

Bulgaria

Bosnia
Herzegovina

Belgium

Belarus

Importers
Exporters

Austria

EUROPE

Europe
Austria
Belgium
Croatia
Czech Republic
Denmark
France
Germany
Hungary
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Portugal
Spain
Turkey
United Kingdom

2.50

0.30

0.95

0.13
0.36
0.58
1.40

1.09
4.05

1.00

0.22

2.95

0.86

2.27

0.27
0.07

0.12

0.06

6.74
1.46

6.97

0.05

0.00

0.37

7.08

28.43

1.75

0.01

17.13

19.87

2.30

0.53

15.40
0.17

0.05
0.68
1.68

4.40

Others/Non Specified

4.05

0.83

Russia
and Central Asia
Russia
Azerbaijan
Kazakhstan
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan

6.57

20.26

0.19

2.71

8.48

0.68

3.48

8.47

40.27

2.57

8.18

23.50

1.73

2.71

0.25

0.16

2.39

4.29

9.62

1.33

1.89

5.51

0.36

0.55

Middle East
Iran
Qatar
Africa
Algeria

12.46

2.16

0.14

15.32

0.85

19.54 1.09

Egypt
Libya

5.70

Nigeria
Asia - Pacific
China
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
Americas
Argentina
Bolivia
Canada
Mexico
United States
Others/Non Specified
TOTAL BY COUNTRY

2.38
10.41

2.29
20.26

17.68

0.10
0.19

2.71

1.27

8.48

1.36

0.68

3.48

6.18

6.34

40.07

94.91

4.22
3.25

8.18

4.40

56.29

0.11
1.73

2.71

1.03

0.52
0.16

TOTAL IMPORTS

(*) Data source: Enis elaborations on IEA Natural Gas Information, 2014 and, for Italy, on Italian Ministry for Economic Development data.

2.39

26.00

12.47

2.67

0.07
1.45

1.94

5.58

Natural Gas
Imports

Venezuela

Uruguay

United States

Mexico

11.31

Canada

Brazil

5.45

Chile

Argentina

7.49
1.49

Others Asia

13.21

Thailand

Singapore

AMERICAS

Malaysia

Hong Kong

China

Australia

Tunisia

ASIA-PACIFIC

South Africa

Morocco

Ghana

AFRICA

United Arab
Emirates

Oman

Jordan

Iran

MIDDLE EAST

Tajikistan

0.24
1.74

Kyrgyzstan

Georgia

1.96

Kazakhstan

Armenia

Russia

United
Kingdom

Ukraine

Turkey

Switzerland

RUSSIA AND CENTRAL ASIA

75

3.99

0.57
2.30
1.11
0.10
0.79

7.85
27.87

26.21
4.25

25.84
0.55

1.43

8.20

0.20
0.76
2.17

8.73

0.13
5.39

27.32

0.07

0.41
2.12

18.33

1.10

2.71

0.87
0.43

2.81

10.24

0.01

0.06
78.88
0.03

0.34
3.76

39.19

27.50

39.71

8.20

2.36

1.97

4.35

0.27

0.13

5.74

3.77
0.87

2.12

18.33

0.43

1.10

3.77

6.52
2.71

6.52

25.99

12.21

25.99

12.21

0.19
27.32

2.81

13.21

8.97

10.24

0.19

0.20
5.45

11.31

0.01

78.91

0.06

0.20
719.12

Natural Gas
Imports

Imports by Country of Origin - LNG 2013 (*)


(billion cubic metres)

Others Americas

United States

Mexico

Dominican
Republic

Chile

Canada

Brazil

Argentina

AMERICAS

Thailand

Taiwan

South Korea

Japan

India

ASIA - PACIFIC

China

United Arab
Emirates

Israel

United Kingdom

Turkey

Spain

Portugal

Poland

Netherlands

Italy

Greece

France

Importers
Exporters

Kuwait

MIDDLE
EAST

EUROPE

Belgium

76

Europe
Belgium

0.19

0.08 0.24

France

0.12

0.06

Netherlands

0.07

Norway

0.75

Spain

1.10

0.10

0.08

0.01

0.77 0.08

0.08
0.08 0.40

0.22 0.16

0.21 0.08

0.20

Others/
Non Specified

0.09

Russia and
Central Asia
Russia

0.01

12.02 2.59 0.07

Middle East
Oman
Qatar

0.17
2.29 1.52

5.10

1.87 1.29

3.61

8.61

5.92 5.84
9.50 14.16 22.6417.77 7.63 1.37 0.87 0.24 0.79 0.17

United Arab
Emirates

1.44 0.21

7.40

Yemen

1.49 0.72 0.70 4.82 0.07 0.08

0.40

0.56 0.31

Africa
Algeria

5.12 0.60 0.30 0.05

3.35 3.92 0.41

0.08 0.08 0.15 0.94 0.17

Angola

0.09

Egypt

0.09

0.28

0.04

0.07

0.16 0.50 0.46 0.36 0.86 0.22

Equatorial
Guinea

0.50

Nigeria

1.07

0.09

1.75 3.27 1.27

0.08 0.23

0.08

0.17 0.09

0.01
0.15

2.52 0.16 0.46 0.08

0.57 1.04 5.45 3.54 0.62 0.32 0.55 1.17

1.17 0.07

Asia - Pacific
Australia

0.08

4.59

Brunei

25.73 0.88 0.07


0.08 6.68 1.49 0.07

Indonesia

3.58

9.20 7.58 2.34

Malaysia

3.55

21.01 5.50 3.65

0.17

Americas
Canada

0.02

Peru

1.52

Trinidad
and Tobago

0.11

0.52 0.67

2.08

0.10 0.22

0.15

0.22

0.08

0.39 0.83 0.07

2.05
2.91 2.46 0.16 3.19 1.11 0.33 1.98 0.80

United States
Others/
Non Specified

3.37

TOTAL
BY COUNTRY

5.66 7.80 0.61 5.68 0.99 0.01 1.75 15.45 6.08 9.28 0.51 2.18 1.53 24.68 16.68122.8253.16 15.27 1.85 6.25 5.36 0.95 3.77 1.11 6.32 2.74 0.80

0.89

1.70 1.00

TOTAL IMPORTS

(*) Data source: Enis elaborations on IEA Natural Gas Information, 2014 and, for Italy, on Italian Ministry for Economic Development data.

319.30

Natural Gas
Traded Gas

Traded Gas by LNG/


Total Traded Gas
(%)

Traded Gas by Pipeline/


Total Traded Gas
(%)

Traded
Gas/Production
(%)

Traded Gas
by LNG/Production
(%)

Traded Gas
by Pipeline/Production
(%)

21.74
22.81
30.35
31.21
30.75

78.26
77.19
69.65
68.79
69.25

26.14
30.04
30.64
30.51
30.31

5.68
6.85
9.30
9.52
9.32

20.46
23.19
21.34
20.99
20.99

2000
2005
2010
2012
2013

Traded Gas on Production


(percentage)

35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
2000
% Traded Gas/Production
% Traded Gas by LNG/Production

2005

2010

2012

2013

77

Natural Gas
LNG - Liquefaction and Regasification Capacity

78

Liquefaction Capacity - Countries (*)


(billion cubic metres)
2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

5.6
5.6

5.6
5.6

5.6
5.6

5.6
5.6

5.6
5.6

5.6
5.6

5.6
5.6

8.7
8.7

13.0
13.0

14.1
14.1

14.1
14.1

14.1
14.1

Europe
Norway
Russia and Central Asia
Russia
Middle East
Oman
Qatar
United Arab Emirates
Yemen

33.7
7.1
19.1
7.6

36.0
9.0
19.4
7.6

36.0
9.0
19.4
7.6

36.3
9.0
19.7
7.6

42.8
9.0
26.3
7.6

47.5
10.2
29.8
7.6

57.3
14.8
34.9
7.6

63.7
14.8
41.3
7.6

63.7
14.8
41.3
7.6

79.0 113.8 134.9 136.3 136.1


14.8 14.8 14.8 14.8 14.6
55.9 83.4 103.4 104.8 104.8
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.6
0.7
8.0
9.1
9.1
9.1

Africa
Algeria
Angola
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Libya
Nigeria

44.2
31.8

44.6
31.8

45.0
31.8

49.1
31.8

46.1
28.1

57.2
28.1

73.6
28.1

77.0
28.1

83.4
28.1

84.2
28.1

83.9
27.9

79.0
26.6

78.3
26.6

11.1

16.6

4.3
8.1

4.3
8.4

4.3
8.8

4.3
13.0

4.3
13.6

4.3
13.6

4.3
24.6

16.6
3.0
4.3
25.0

16.6
5.1
4.3
29.4

16.6
5.1
4.3
30.1

16.6
5.1
4.3
30.1

16.6
5.1
0.7
30.1

16.6
5.1

76.2
27.4
3.9
9.8
5.1

30.1

30.1

Asia -Pacific
Australia
Brunei
Indonesia
Malaysia

83.1
10.4
9.8
41.3
21.6

83.1
10.4
9.8
41.3
21.6

83.1
10.4
9.8
41.3
21.6

86.5
10.4
9.8
41.3
25.1

94.2
12.4
9.8
41.3
30.8

96.6
16.1
9.8
39.9
30.8

99.5
20.5
9.8
38.5
30.8

98.4 100.5 109.1


20.9 23.0 27.3
9.8
9.8
9.8
35.7 35.7 39.2
32.0 32.0 32.8

6.1
2.0

6.1
2.0

8.1
2.0

14.3
2.0

15.5
2.0

15.6
2.0

22.7
2.0

22.7
2.0

22.7
2.0

22.7
2.0

4.1

4.1

6.0

12.3

13.4

13.6

20.6

20.6

20.6

20.6

Americas
United States
Peru
Trinidad and Tobago
World

117.1 116.7 121.1 123.2


27.3 28.5 32.9 35.0
10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
46.0 43.2 43.2 43.2
33.7 34.9 34.9 34.9
26.0
2.0
3.3
20.6

28.7
2.0
6.0
20.6

28.7
2.0
6.0
20.7

28.7
2.0
6.0
20.6

167.1 169.7 172.1 186.3 198.6 216.9 253.2 267.3 275.9 309.2 359.3 379.0 384.2 383.9

Regasification Capacity - Countries (**)


(billion cubic metres)
Europe
Belgium
France
Greece
Italy
Netherlands
Portugal
Spain
Turkey
United Kingdom

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

46.4
4.5
15.5
1.3
3.5

46.4
4.5
15.5
1.3
3.5

50.5
4.5
15.5
1.3
3.5

54.8
4.5
15.5
1.3
3.5

70.3
4.5
15.5
1.3
3.5

73.2
4.5
15.5
1.3
3.5

15.2
6.3

15.2
6.3

19.4
6.3

0.9
22.7
6.3

5.6
33.6
6.3

5.6
34.2
6.3
2.3

84.8 106.6 114.9 144.1 168.9 191.0 197.4 199.7


4.5
4.5
7.9
9.0
9.0
9.0
9.0
9.0
15.5 15.5 15.5 15.5 19.1 24.2 24.2 24.2
1.3
1.3
3.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
3.5
3.5
3.5
6.3 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.3
7.0 12.7 12.7
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.6
6.3
8.3
43.1 55.6 58.2 61.6 62.4 63.6 63.6 63.6
6.8 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.3
4.5
8.3
8.7 28.5 43.2 52.0 52.0 52.0

Middle East
Israel
Kuwait
United Arab Emirates
Asia -Pacific
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Americas
Argentina
Brazil
Canada
Chile
Dominican Republic
Mexico
United States
World

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

1.9

5.5

9.3

9.3

1.9

5.2
0.3

5.2
4.1

5
4.1

2013

14.1
4.8
5.2
4.1

276.9 279.8 306.7 330.9 338.9 344.3 353.9 356.5 367.9 385.7 400.8 415.4 434.5 459.0
3.0
5.0
8.0 12.5
17.6 23.1 31.0 36.1
6.3
9.4 10.3 10.3 11.0
17.2 18.5 18.5 18.5 24.3
2.7
4.1
225.4 226.3 236.9 239.4 241.2 241.3 245.2 245.7 245.7 245.7 249.4 250.4 256.1 259.2
3.5
3.6
45.6 45.6 60.1 81.7 81.7 82.8 84.0 84.0 88.8 92.2 96.3 100.4 100.4 100.4
5.9
7.9
9.8
9.8
9.8 10.7 11.6 11.6 14.5 18.1 19.1 19.1 19.1 21.0
4.0
6.8
6.8
11.1

11.1

12.7

12.7

17.6

17.6

25.5

29.3

33.7

47.4

2.6

2.6

2.6

22.9

26.8

31.1

2.6
1.7
43.1

56.7 105.9 150.9 187.9 209.7 229.9 231.5


2.8
4.1
4.1
7.3 10.3 10.3
1.3
5.1
7.7
7.7
7.7
7.7
6.1 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
1.7
5.1
5.4
5.4
5.4
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
5.2 12.9 15.5 15.5 15.5 19.5 20.7
48.9 86.3 115.8 142.6 160.9 174.1 174.5

334.4 338.8 374.8 411.2 438.5 451.1 486.2 519.8 588.7 682.7 763.1 825.4 871.1 904.4

(*) Nominal capacity. Data source: Wood Mackenzie LNG Tool.


(**) Data source: Wood Mackenzie LNG Tool.

Natural Gas
LNG - Liquefaction and Regasification Capacity

Liquefaction Capacity - Cluster of Companies


2000

2013

World: 167.1 billion cubic metres

World: 383.9 billion cubic metres

19%

Asian NOCs

20%

Majors

1%

Middle East NOCs

10%

European Utilities

Asian Utilities

9%

Others

17%

African NOCs

24%

Majors
European Utilities

28%

Asian NOCs

12%

4%

Middle East NOCs

20%

Asian Utilities

7%

Others

17%

African NOCs

12%

Majors: BP, Chevron, Eni, ExxonMobil, Repsol, Shell, Total. African NOCs: EGAS (Egyptian Natural Gas Holding Co.), EGPC (Egyptian General Petroleum
Corporation), GEPetrol, Sonagas, National Lybian Oil Company (NOC), NNPC, Sonangol, Sonatrach. Asian NOCs: Gazprom, Pertamina, Petronas.
Asian Utilities: Hyundai, Itochu, JILCO, Kansai Electric, KOGAS, LNG Japan Corporation, Marubeni, Mitsubishi, Mitsui, Osaka Gas, SK Corp., Tokyo
Gas & Tokyo Electric. European Utilities: BG, Gas Natural Fenosa, GdF Suez, RWE. Middle East NOCs: ADNOC, Qatar Petroleum, Yemen Gas Co.

2013

(billion cubic metres)


Europe
5.6

North America
2.0

Russia and C. Asia


14.1

18% Majors

100% Majors

28% Majors
15% European Utilities
Middle East
136.1

67% Others

22% Asian Utilities

8% Others
29% Majors

50% Asian NOCs

57% Middle East NOCs


6% Asian Utilities
Latin America
26.7
35% Others

36% Majors

Asia - Pacific
123.2

Africa
76.2
28% Others

4% Others
26% Majors
1% Asian Utilities

7% Asian Utilities

27% Majors

12% Asian Utilities

12% European Utilities

22% European Utilities


57% African NOCs

33% Asian NOCs

79

80

Natural Gas
LNG - Liquefaction and Regasification Capacity

Regasification Capacity - Cluster of Companies


2000

2013

World: 334.4 billion cubic metres

World: 904.4 billion cubic metres

Majors

1%

European Utilities

16%

Majors

European Utilities

21%

Asian NOCs

2%

Asian Utilities

81%

US Utilities

13%
5%

Asian Utilities

41%

Asian NOCs
Middle East, Africa and
South American NOCs

8%

Others

2%

10%

Majors: BP, Chevron, Eni, ExxonMobil, Repsol, Shell, Total. Asian NOCs: BPCL (Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited), CNOOC, CPC, Gazprom, IOC
(Indian Oil Corporation), ONGC, Pertamina, PetroChina, Petronas, PTT. Asian Utilities: Chubu Electric Power, Chugoku Electric Power, Egegaz,
GAIL, Hiroshima Gas, Hokkaido Gas, HongKong & China Gas, HongKong Electric, Kansai Electric Power, KOGAS, K-Power, Kyushu Electric Power,
Maharashtra Utility, Mitsui, Nippon Gas, NTPC, Oita Gas, Okinawa Electric Power, Osaka Gas, Perusahaan Gas Negara, Saibu Gas, Shenergy,
Shikoku Electric Power, Shizouka Gas, Singapore LNG corp, Toho Gas, Tokyo Electric Power, Tokyo Gas. European Utilities: BG, Botas, Centrica,
CEPSA, Depa, DONG Energy, E.On, EconGas, EdF, Enagas, Enel, Essent, EVE, Gas Natural Fenosa, Gasunie, GdF Suez, Iberdrola, Iren, RWE, Unin
Fenosa Gas. Middle East, African and South American NOCs: CFE, Enap, Enarsa, Kuwait National Petroleum Corp., Oman Oil, Petrobras, Qatar
Petroleum, Sonangol, Sonatrach. US Utilities: AES, Cheniere, Dominion, Dow Chemical, El Paso, Excelerate Energy, Freeport LNG Development
LP, Sempra Energy, Southern Union.

2013

(billion cubic metres)


Europe
199.7

North America
182.4
12% Others

5% Others

39% Majors

24% European Utilities

16% US Utilities

14% Majors

66% European
Utilities

3% Asian Utilities

9% Middle East,
African and South
American NOCs

9% Middle East,
African and South
American NOCs

1% US Utilities
2% Asian NOCs

Middle East
14.1
31% Others

15% European Utilities


Asia - Pacific
459.0
15% US Utilities

Latin America
49.1
15% Majors
5% Asian NOCs

39% Middle East,


African and South
American NOCs

2% Majors
2% Others 1% European Utilities
15% Asian NOCs

15% US Utilities
49% Middle East,
African and South
American NOCs

16% European Utilities

80% Asian Utilities

Natural Gas
Natural Gas Balance - Italy

Italy (*)
(billion cubic metres)

Production
Imports
Exports
Stock Changes
Total Primary Energy Supply

2013

2000
16.63
57.45
0.05
3.29
70.75

2001
15.24
54.78
0.06
-0.98
70.94

2002
14.62
59.29
0.05
3.40
70.46

2003
13.89
62.79
0.38
-1.38
77.68

2004
12.96
67.91
0.40
-0.14
80.61

2005
12.07
73.46
0.40
-1.13
86.27

Netherlands, Norway
and Others
7.5

2006
10.98
77.40
0.37
3.53
84.48

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013


9.71 9.26 8.01 8.41 8.45 8.61 7.74
73.95 76.87 69.25 75.35 70.37 67.73 61.97
0.07 0.21 0.13 0.14 0.12 0.14 0.23
-1.31 1.03 -0.89 0.52 0.78 1.28 -0.60
84.90 84.88 78.02 83.10 77.92 74.92 70.07

Russia and Others


30.3

Croatia
and Others
0.4
Qatar and
Egypt
5.4

Algeria
0.3

Algeria
12.5
Libya
5.7

Imports by Pipeline

Imports by LNG

80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Production

Imports

7.74

61.97

Exports

Stock Changes

0.23

0.60

Total Primary
Energy Supply

70.07

(*) Data source: Enis elaborations on Italian Ministry for Economic Development and IEA Natural Gas Information, 2014 data. Gas volumes are quoted at Italian calorific
value of 38.1 MJ/cm.

81

World Oil and Gas Review 2014

production quality

World Oil and Gas Review 2014

production quality

84

Production Quality
World

Crude Production by Quality


(Gravity and Sulphur Content) (*)
(thousand barrels/day)

World (A)
Ultra Light
Light & Sweet
Light & Medium Sour
Light & Sour
Medium & Sweet
Medium & Medium Sour
Medium & Sour
Heavy & Sweet
Heavy & Medium Sour
Heavy & Sour
Unassigned production: (B)
% Unassigned production (B/A)

2000
68,026
1,586
14,855
2,718
2,489
7,344
2,426
27,702
1,107
1,385
5,466
947
1.4

2005
73,900
1,876
13,741
3,016
2,462
8,573
2,791
30,651
1,409
1,804
6,580
998
1.3

2010
74,100
2,263
13,884
3,620
2,207
8,368
2,971
29,684
2,210
2,314
5,710
868
1.2

2012
76,686
2,554
14,857
3,819
2,555
7,698
2,970
31,264
2,010
2,284
5,834
840
1.1

2013
76,724
2,570
14,647
3,943
2,499
8,016
3,081
31,057
1,812
2,206
6,060
834
1.1

2000
68,026
21,648
37,473
7,958
947

2005
73,900
21,094
42,014
9,794
998

2010
74,100
21,975
41,023
10,234
868

2012
76,686
23,785
41,932
10,129
840

2013
76,724
23,658
42,155
10,077
834

2005
73,900
25,599
7,611
39,693
998

2010
74,100
26,725
8,906
37,601
868

2012
76,686
27,120
9,073
39,653
840

2013
76,724
27,045
9,230
39,616
834

Share of total
2000
2013
2.3%
21.8%
4.0%
3.7%
10.8%
3.6%
40.7%
1.6%
2.0%
8.0%
1.4%

3.3%
19.1%
5.1%
3.3%
10.4%
4.0%
40.5%
2.4%
2.9%
7.9%
1.1%

Crude Production by Gravity (*)


(thousand barrels/day)

World
Light
Medium
Heavy
Unassigned production

Share of total
2000
2013
31.8%
55.1%
11.7%
1.4%

30.8%
54.9%
13.1%
1.1%

Crude Production by Sulphur Content (*)


(thousand barrels/day)

World
Sweet
Medium Sour
Sour
Unassigned production

2000
68,026
24,892
6,530
35,657
947

(*) Data source: Enis elaborations on IEA data.

Share of total
2000
2013
36.6%
9.6%
52.4%
1.4%

35.2%
12.0%
51.6%
1.1%

Production Quality
World

85

Quality and Production Volume of Main Crudes 2013 (*)


(thousand barrels/day)
50

TZ
45

SH
TO

TP
40

API degree

QI
35

EK

MU

MB FT
BB
AZ

MN

WT
ES

OM

EP

AN

CB

30

AL
IL

TL

DQ

AE

WS

ZU

IS
IH

UL

CH
PZ

25

AM

KB KW

DU

BL

AH

SG
VS
BR

DR
20

MY

ML

CL
MV

15
-0,5

0,0

0,5

1,0

1,5
Sulphur content (%)

2,0

2,5

3,0

3,5

= 500 thousand barrels/day


AE - Arab Extra L. (Saudi Arabia)

CL - Cold Lake (Canada)

KB - Kirkuk Blend (Iraq)

SG - Shengli (China)

AH - Arab Heavy (Saudi Arabia)

DQ - Daquing (China)

KW - Kuwait (Kuwait)

SH - Saharan B. (Algeria)

AL - Arab Light (Saudi Arabia)

DR - Duri (Indonesia)

MB - Mixed Blend S. (Canada)

TL - Troll (Norway)

AM - Arab Medium (Saudi Arabia)

DU - Dubai (U.A.E.)

ML - Marlim (Brazil)

TO - Tight Oil (U.S.A.)

AN - Alaskan Nth. Sl. (U.S.A.)

EK - Ekofisk (U.K., Norway)

MN - Minas (Indonesia)

TP - Tapis (Malaysia)

AZ - Azeri Light (Azerbaijan)

EP - Espo (Russia)

MU - Murban (U.A.E.)

TZ - Tengiz (Kazakhstan)

BB - Brent Blend (U.K.)

ES - Es Sider (Libya)

MV - Merey (Venezuela)

UL - Urals (Russia)

BL - Basrah Light (Iraq)

FT - Forties (U.K.)

MY - Maya (Mexico)

VS - Vasconia (Colombia)

BR - Bow River (Canada)

IH - Iran Heavy (Iran)

OM - Oman (Oman)

WS - West Texas Sour (U.S.A.)

CB - Cabinda (Angola)

IL - Iran Light (Iran)

PZ - Pazflor (Angola)

WT - West Texas Int. (U.S.A.)

CH - Changqing (China)

IS - Isthmus (Mexico)

QI - Qua Iboe (Nigeria)

ZU - Upper Zakum (U.A.E.)

(*) Data source: Enis elaborations.

4,0

86

Production Quality
World

Crude Production by Quality (*)


(thousand barrels/day)

Crude Production by Quality (*)


(selected years, thousand barrels/day)

35,000
30,000
25,000
20,000
15,000
10,000
5,000
0

Ultra Light

Light
& Sweet

Light
& Medium Sour

Light
& Sour

Medium
& Sweet

2000

(*) Data source: Enis elaborations on IEA data.

Medium
& Medium Sour

2005

Medium
& Sour

2013

Heavy
& Sweet

Heavy
& Medium Sour

Heavy
& Sour

Production Quality
Oil - Production
Europe

Crude Production by Quality (*)


(thousand barrels/day)

2000
6,710
217
3,917
33
20
1,548

Europe (A)
Ultra Light
Light & Sweet
Light & Medium Sour
Light & Sour
Medium & Sweet
Medium & Medium Sour
Medium & Sour
Heavy & Sweet
Heavy & Medium Sour
Heavy & Sour
Unassigned production (B)
% Unassigned production (B/A)

2005
5,531
408
3,043
106
88
942
14
1
31
349
79
469
8.5

173
17
177
101
507
7.6

2010
4,098
337
1,653
638
69
609
4
29
74
221
57
406
9.9

2012
3,478
381
1,343
425
82
508
2
10
62
221
45
398
11.4

Share of total
2000
2013

2013
3,302
372
1,255
443
83
480

3.2%
58.4%
0.5%
0.3%
23.1%
0.0%
2.6%
0.3%
2.6%
1.5%
7.6%

10
17
199
40
403
12.2

11.3%
38.0%
13.4%
2.5%
14.5%
0.0%
0.3%
0.5%
6.0%
1.2%
12.2%

Quality and Production Volume of Main Crudes 2013 (**)


(thousand barrels/day)
50

45

AG

40

SF

FU

GL

BB

FT

EK
AV

OS

35
API degree

VA
FL

TL
Detail

DC

42

30

SF

FU

40

API degree

HR
API degree

FO

25

BB

38
EK

AV

GL

OS

36
TL
34
DC

20

CT

AB

GR

32
0,10

0,15

0,20

0,25

0,30

0,35

0,40

Sulphur content (%)


= 100 thousand barrels/day

15
0,2

0,0

0,2

0,4

0,6

0,8

1,0

1,2

1,4

1,6

1,8

2,0

2,2

Sulphur content (%)


= 50 thousand barrels/day

A B - A l b a (U . K . )

D C - D U C B l e nd (Denma rk)

FU - Fulma r (U.K.)

S F - S ta tfjord (U.K., Norway )

A G - A s g a r d (No rw ay)

EK - Ek o fi sk (U .K., Norwa y)

GL - Gullfa ks (Norwa y)

TL - Troll (Norwa y)

A V - A l vhe i n bl e nd (No rw ay)

F L - F l o tta (U . K.)

GR - Gra ne (Norwa y)

VA - Va l d'Agri Bl. (Ita ly)

BB - Br e n t B l e nd (U . K . )

F O - F o i nave n ( U.K.)

HR - Heid run (Norwa y)

CT - C a p ta i n (U . K . )

F T - F o rti e s (U . K.)

OS - Os eb erg (Norwa y)

(*) Data source: Enis elaborations on IEA data.


(**) Data source: Enis elaborations.

87

88

Production Quality
Europe

Crude Production by Quality (*)


(thousand barrels/day)
7,000

6,000

5,000

4,000

3,000

2,000

1,000

Ultra Light

Medium & Sweet

Heavy & Sweet

Light & Sweet

Medium & Sour

Heavy & Medium Sour

Light & Medium Sour


Light & Sour

Crude Production by Quality (*)


(selected years, thousand barrels/day)

(*) Data source: Enis elaborations on IEA data.

Heavy & Sour

Production Quality
Oil - Production
Europe

Crude Production by Quality (*)


(thousand barrels/day)

Denmark
Light & Sweet
Medium & Sweet
Italy
Light & Sweet
Light & Sour
Medium & Sour
Heavy & Sour
Norway
Ultra Light
Light & Sweet
Light & Medium Sour
Medium & Sweet
Medium & Medium Sour
Medium & Sour
Heavy & Medium Sour
United Kingdom
Light & Sweet
Light & Medium Sour
Medium & Sweet
Medium & Sour
Heavy & Sweet
Heavy & Medium Sour
Heavy & Sour

(*) Data source: Enis elaborations on IEA data.

2000
363
131
232

2005
388
121
267

2010
255
24
231

2012
201
12
189

2013
175
7
168

74
29
20
2
23

114
4
88
1
21

96
6
69

101
3
82

102
2
83

21

16

17

3,331
217
1,981

2,961
408
1,757

1,081

513
14
269

1,914
381
1,023
31
290
2
10
177

1,835
372
995
23
277

52

2,136
337
1,236
31
330
4
29
168

2,435
1,776
33
235
171
17
125
78

1,599
1,162
106
162

1,205
387
607
48

863
305
394
29

787
251
420
35

31
80
58

74
53
36

62
44
29

17
41
23

10
158

Share of total
2000
2013
36.1%
63.9%

4.0%
96.0%

39.7%
26.5%
2.1%
31.7%

1.5%
81.9%
0.0%
16.6%

6.5%
59.5%
0.0%
32.5%
0.0%
0.0%
1.6%

20.3%
54.2%
1.3%
15.1%
0.0%
0.5%
8.6%

72.9%
1.4%
9.7%
7.0%
0.7%
5.1%
3.2%

31.9%
53.4%
4.4%
0.0%
2.2%
5.2%
2.9%

89

Production Quality
Russia and Central Asia

Crude Production by Quality (*)


(thousand barrels/day)

Russia and Central Asia (A)


Ultra Light
Light & Sweet
Light & Medium Sour
Light & Sour
Medium & Sweet
Medium & Medium Sour
Medium & Sour
Heavy & Sweet
Heavy & Medium Sour
Heavy & Sour
Unassigned production (B)
% Unassigned production (B/A)

2000
7,527
123
305
611
65
271
2
6,133
12

2005
11,163
145
307
1,196
56
452
3
8,994
6

2010
12,726
113
1,866
1,109
31
219
319
9,058
9

2012
12,743
97
1,184
1,572
21
145
627
9,088
5

2013
12,932
88
1,187
1,668
20
143
742
9,079
4

5
0.1

3
0.0

2
0.0

3
0.0

1
0.0

Share of total
2000
2013
1.6%
4.1%
8.1%
0.9%
3.6%
0.0%
81.5%
0.2%

0.7%
9.2%
12.9%
0.2%
1.1%
5.7%
70.2%
0.0%

0.1%

0.01%

Quality and Production Volume of Main Crudes 2013 (**)


(thousand barrels/day)

50
TZ
KA
45

SK
40
CH
SA
API degree

90

EP
35

AZ
GA
UL

30

25

20
0,0

0,5

1,0

1,5

Sulphur content (%)


= 5 0 0 t h o u s a n d b a r r e ls/ d a y

A Z - A ze ri L i g ht (A ze rbai j an)

GA - Ga ra s h s yz lyk (Turkmenis ta n)

S K - S a kh a lin II (Rus s ia )

C H - C he l e k e n (T urk me ni stan)

KA - Karachaganak (Kazakhstan)

TZ - Tengiz (Ka z a kh s ta n)

E P - Espo (R ussi a)

S A - S a kh a lin I (Rus s ia )

UL - Ura ls (Rus s ia )

(*) Data source: Enis elaborations on IEA data.


(**) Data source: Enis elaborations.

2,0

Production Quality
Russia and
Oil -Central
Production
Asia

Crude Production by Quality (*)


(thousand barrels/day)

14,000

12,000

10,000

8,000

6,000

4,000

2,000

0
2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Ultra Light

Medium & Sweet

Light & Sweet

Medium & Medium Sour

Light & Medium Sour

Medium & Sour

Light & Sour

Crude Production by Quality (*)


(selected years, thousand barrels/day)

(*) Data source: Enis elaborations on IEA data.

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

91

92

Production Quality
Russia and Central Asia

Crude Production by Quality (*)


(thousand barrels/day)

Azerbaijan
Light & Sweet
Medium & Sweet
Kazakhstan
Ultra Light
Light & Sweet
Light & Medium Sour
Russia
Light & Sweet
Light & Medium Sour
Medium & Sweet
Medium & Medium Sour
Medium & Sour
Turkmenistan
Ultra Light
Light & Sweet
Medium & Sweet
Heavy & Sweet
Uzbekistan
Ultra Light
Light & Sweet
Light & Sour
Medium & Medium Sour
Medium & Sour

(*) Data source: Enis elaborations on IEA data.

2000
282
149
133

2005
449
145
304

2010
1,042
1,013
29

2012
879
851
28

2013
885
857
28

718
107

1,295
99

1,627
64

1,683
56

611

1,196

1,635
80
518
1,037

1,563

1,627

6,281
148

9,133
139

8,994

9,989
252
9
15
627
9,087

10,094
234
41

6,133

9,801
261
72
96
318
9,054

158
0
8
138
12

201
29
17
148
6

196
22
72
93
9

83
16
0
65
2

82
17
6
56
3

50
11
3
31
2
4

Share of total
2000
2013
52.8%
47.2%

96.8%
3.2%

14.9%
0.0%
85.1%

3.3%
0.0%
96.7%

741
9,078

2.4%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
97.6%

2.3%
0.4%
0.0%
7.3%
89.9%

214
26
80
102
5

239
26
94
115
4

0.3%
5.0%
87.2%
7.5%

10.7%
39.4%
48.1%
1.8%

31
6
1
21
1
1

30
6
1
20
1
1

18.9%
0.0%
78.7%
2.4%
0.0%

21.5%
4.8%
67.8%
2.4%
3.6%

Production Quality
Oil -Middle
Production
East

93

Crude Production by Quality (*)


(thousand barrels/day)

Middle East
Ultra Light
Light & Sweet
Light & Medium Sour
Light & Sour
Medium & Sweet
Medium & Medium Sour
Medium & Sour
Heavy & Sweet
Heavy & Medium Sour
Heavy & Sour

Share of total
2000
2013

2000
21,732
173
398
1,490
2,379

2005
22,858
442
333
1,491
2,291

2010
22,049
898
331
1,434
2,036

2012
24,296
1,136
324
1,415
2,385

2013
24,101
1,175
274
1,427
2,331

0.8%
1.8%
6.9%
10.9%

4.9%
1.1%
5.9%
9.7%

264
16,600

271
17,436

164
16,617

106
18,516

88
18,372

1.2%
76.4%

0.4%
76.2%

429

592

569

413

433

2.0%

1.8%

Quality and Production Volume of Main Crudes 2013 (**)


(thousand barrels/day)

50

AS

45
MA

40

MU

ZL
AE

SY
API degree

DK
QM
UM

LV

OM

35

ZU
IL

MS

KB
AM

AL

30

FB

IH

SR

DU

KW
BL

AH

AQ

25
SO

NO

20
- 0,5

0,0

0,5

1,0

1,5

2,0

2,5

3,0

3,5

4,0

4,5

Sulphur content (%)


= 500 th o usan d barrels/day

A E - A r a b E xtra L . (Saudi A rabi a)

D K - D uk ham (Qa ta r)

LV - La v a n Blend (Ira n)

S O - S oued ieh (S yria )

A H - A r a b H e avy (Saudi A rabi a)

D U - D ubai (U.A.E.)

MA - Ma rib (Yemen)

S R - S irri (Ira n)

A L - A r a b Li g ht (Saudi A rabi a)

F B - F o ro o za n Blend (Ira n)

MS - Ma s ila (Yemen)

S Y - S yria n Ligh t (S yria )

A M - A r a b Me di um (Saudi A rabi a)

IH - Iran Hea v y (Ira n)

MU - Murb a n (U.A.E.)

UM - Umm S h a if (U.A.E.)

A Q - A l S ha he e n (Q atar)

IL - Iran L igh t (Ira n)

NO - Nowrooz (Ira n)

Z L - Lower Z a kum (U.A.E )

A S - A r a b S upe r L . (Saudi A rabi a)

K B - K i rk uk Blend (Ira q)

OM - Oma n (Oma n)

Z U - Upp er Z a kum (U.A.E . )

BL - Ba s r a h L i g ht (Iraq)

K W - K uw ait (Kuwa it)

QM - Qa ta r Ma rine (Qa ta r)

(*) Data source: Enis elaborations on IEA data.


(**) Data source: Enis elaborations.

94

Production Quality
Middle East

Crude Production by Quality (*)


(thousand barrels/day)

25,000

20,000

15,000

10,000

5,000

0
2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Ultra Light

Medium & Medium Sour

Light & Sweet

Medium & Sour

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Heavy & Sour

Light & Medium Sour


Light & Sour

Crude Production by Quality (*)


(selected years, thousand barrels/day)

21,000
18,000
15,000
12,000
9,000
6,000
3,000
0

Ultra Light

Light
& Sweet

Light
& Medium Sour

Light
& Sour

Medium
& Medium Sour

2000

2005

2013

(*) Data source: Enis elaborations on IEA data.

Medium
& Sour

Heavy
& Sour

Production Quality
Oil -Middle
Production
East

Crude Production by Quality (*)


(thousand barrels/day)

Share of total
2000
2013

2000
187
187

2005
187
187

2010
182
182

2012
173
173

2013
199
199

100.0%

100.0%

Iran
Medium & Sour
Heavy & Sour

3,685
3,685

3,879
3,764
115

3,705
3,564
141

3,004
2,913
91

2,682
2,511
171

100.0%
0.0%

93.6%
6.4%

Iraq
Medium & Sour

2,567
2,567

1,813
1,813

2,364
2,364

2,952
2,952

3,078
3,078

100.0%

100.0%

Kuwait
Medium & Sour
Heavy & Sour

2,045
1,905
140

2,423
2,283
141

2,298
2,173
125

2,735
2,611
124

2,809
2,689
120

93.2%
6.8%

95.7%
4.3%

Oman
Medium & Sour

891
891

715
715

758
758

814
814

841
841

100.0%

100.0%

Qatar
Ultra Light
Light & Sour
Medium & Sour

860
173
575
113

1,216
442
578
196

1,636
898
463
275

1,876
1,136
467
273

1,904
1,175
416
313

20.1%
66.8%
13.1%

61.7%
21.8%
16.4%

Saudi Arabia
Light & Sweet
Light & Sour
Medium & Sour
Heavy & Sour

8,278
208
1,350
6,580
140

9,353
198
1,224
7,791
141

8,177
227
1,084
6,741
125

9,785
272
1,300
8,089
124

9,664
242
1,264
8,038
120

2.5%
16.3%
79.5%
1.7%

2.5%
13.1%
83.2%
1.2%

545
395
149

413
216
196

350
172
178

146
73
73

42
20
22

72.5%
27.5%

48.7%
51.3%

United Arab Emirates


Light & Medium Sour
Light & Sour
Medium & Medium Sour
Medium & Sour

2,238
1,095
454
17
672

2,458
1,275
488
7
688

2,311
1,262
490

2,653
1,343
618

2,762
1,407
652

560

691

703

48.9%
20.3%
0.8%
30.0%

50.9%
23.6%
0.0%
25.5%

Yemen
Light & Sweet
Medium & Medium Sour

437
190
247

400
135
265

269
105
164

159
53
106

121
32
88

43.5%
56.5%

26.7%
73.3%

Bahrain
Medium & Sour

Syria
Light & Medium Sour
Heavy & Sour

(*) Data source: Enis elaborations on IEA data.

95

Production Quality
Africa

Crude Production by Quality (*)


(thousand barrels/day)

Africa (A)
Ultra Light
Light & Sweet
Light & Medium Sour
Light & Sour
Medium & Sweet
Medium & Medium Sour
Medium & Sour
Heavy & Sweet
Heavy & Medium Sour
Heavy & Sour
Unassigned production (B)
% Unassigned production (B/A)

2000
7,461
630
4,177

2005
9,471
603
4,827

26
1,760
5
741
46
61

26
2,843
276
442
224
56
159
15
0.2

15
0.2

2010
9,866
612
5,214
77
37
2,485
174
377
451
308
131
1
0.0

2012
9,447
640
5,236
44
32
2,113
231
341
407
283
103
17
0.2

Share of total
2000
2013

2013
8,776
644
4,520
65
30
2,106
241
313
452
284
101
19
0.2

8.4%
56.0%
0.0%
0.3%
23.6%
0.1%
9.9%
0.6%
0.8%
0.0%
0.2%

7.3%
51.5%
0.7%
0.3%
24.0%
2.7%
3.6%
5.2%
3.2%
1.2%
0.2%

Quality and Production Volume of Main Crudes 2013 (**)


(thousand barrels/day)
72

Detail
45

AC

63

EL

MH

NK

BS

API degree

40

54

SI
RE

35

QI

EV

NB

API degree

96

AK
45

SI
EV

36

EL
MH
NK
BS

SH

CB

RE

30
0,02

WD
JU

0,04

0,06

0,08

0,10

0,12

FD

0,14

0,16

Sulphur content (%)


= 1 0 0 t h o u s a n d b a r r e ls/ d a y

ES

QI
GP
NB
ZF KZ GS
BN CB FD US
DJ

27

BN

PZ
DB

SZ
HB
BE

DA

18
-0,5

0,0

0,5

1,0

1,5

2,0

2,5

3,0

Sulphur content (%)

= 1 0 0 t h o u s a n d b a r r e ls/ d a y

AC - Algerian C.te (Algeria)

DJ - Djeno (Congo)

JU - Jubilee (Ghana)

SH - Saharan B. (Algeria)

AK - Agbami-Ekoli (Nigeria)

EL - El Sharara (Libya)

KZ - Kissanje Blend (Angola)

SI - Sarir (Libya)

BE - Belayim B. (Egypt)

ES - Es Sider (Libya)

MH - Mellitah (Libya)

SZ - Suez Blend (Egypt)

BN - Bonny Light (Nigeria)

EV - Escravos (Nigeria)

NB - Nile Blend (Sudan)

US - Usan (Nigeria)

BS - Nigerian Brass (Nigeria)

FD - Forcados (Nigeria)

NK - N'Kossa (Congo)

WD - Western Deser t (Egypt)

CB - Cabinda (Angola)

GP - Greater Plutonio (Angola)

PZ - Pazflor (Angola)

ZF - Zafiro (Equatorial Guinea)

DA - Dalia (Angola)

GS - Girassol (Angola)

QI - Qua Iboe (Nigeria)

DB - Doba Blend (Chad)

HB - Hungo Blend (Angola)

RE - Rabi Light (Gabon)

(*) Data source: Enis elaborations on IEA data.


(**) Data source: Enis elaborations.

Production Quality
Oil - Production
Africa

Crude Production by Quality (*)


(thousand barrels/day)

Crude Production by Quality (*)


(selected years, thousand barrels/day)

(*) Data source: Enis elaborations on IEA data.

97

98

Production Quality
Africa

Crude Production by Quality (*)


(thousand barrels/day)

Share of total
2000
2013

2000
1,436
630
806

2005
1,931
603
1,328

2010
1,765
560
1,205

2012
1,761
596
1,165

2013
1,748
600
1,148

43.9%
56.1%

34.3%
65.7%

Angola
Light & Sweet
Medium & Sweet
Medium & Medium Sour
Heavy & Sweet
Heavy & Medium Sour

745
355
329

1,228
280
657
235

1,750
356
921
165

61

56

308

1,784
281
800
224
196
283

1,718
222
766
235
211
284

47.7%
44.1%
0.0%
0.0%
8.2%

12.9%
44.6%
13.6%
12.3%
16.6%

Cameroon
Medium & Sweet
Heavy & Sweet

114
68
46

89
53
36

64
38
26

64
38
26

69
41
28

60.0%
40.0%

60.0%
40.0%

170
170

130
130

137
137

128
128

0.0%

100.0%

Algeria
Ultra Light
Light & Sweet

Chad
Heavy & Sweet
Congo
Light & Sweet
Medium & Sweet

256
131
125

239
121
118

294
167
127

277
152
125

267
142
125

51.2%
48.8%

53.2%
46.8%

Cte dIvoire
Medium & Sweet
Heavy & Sweet

7
7

40
21
19

45
21
24

42
20
22

34
11
23

100.0%
0.0%

33.7%
66.3%

Dem. Rep. Congo


Medium & Sweet

23
23

25
25

25
25

24
24

24
24

100.0%

100.0%

Egypt
Light & Sweet
Medium & Sour
Heavy & Sour

640
109
531

538
128
251
159

557
231
195
131

543
270
170
103

516
264
151
101

17.0%
83.0%
0.0%

51.1%
29.3%
19.6%

Equatorial Guinea
Ultra Light
Light & Sweet
Medium & Sweet
Medium & Medium Sour

118

358

9
105
4

71
246
41

274
52

272
44

267
44

222

228

223

0.0%
7.6%
89.0%
3.4%

16.5%
0.0%
83.5%
0.0%

276
138
138

270
69
116
85

255
61
92
102

245
55
85
105

237
61
87
89

0.0%
50.0%
50.0%

25.8%
36.6%
37.5%

7
7

6
6

7
7

81
81

104
104

100.0%

100.0%

Gabon
Light & Sweet
Medium & Sweet
Medium & Sour
Ghana
Light & Sweet

(*) Data source: Enis elaborations on IEA data.

Production Quality
Oil - Production
Africa

Crude Production by Quality (*)


(thousand barrels/day)

Libya
Light & Sweet
Light & Medium Sour
Medium & Sour

2000
1,411
1,353

2005
1,640
1,544

58

96

Mauritania
Medium & Medium Sour

Share of total
2000
2013

2010
1,550
1,403
77
70

2012
1,387
1,285
44
58

2013
898
769
65
64

95.9%
0.0%
4.1%

85.6%
7.3%
7.1%

9
9

7
7

6
6

0.0%

100.0%

Nigeria
Light & Sweet
Medium & Sweet
Heavy & Sweet

2,160
1,372
788

2,546
1,245
1,301

2,595
1,750
829
16

2,627
1,921
689
17

2,459
1,788
651
20

63.5%
36.5%
0.0%

72.7%
26.5%
0.8%

Sudan
Medium & Sweet
Heavy & Sweet

177
177

305
305

465
210
255

113
103
10

221
177
44

100.0%
0.0%

80.3%
19.7%

76
35
26
1
14

71
35
26

80
34
37

66
25
32

61
22
30

10

46.6%
33.7%
1.3%
18.4%

36.0%
49.3%
0.0%
14.8%

Tunisia
Light & Sweet
Light & Sour
Medium & Medium Sour
Medium & Sour

(*) Data source: Enis elaborations on IEA data.

99

Production Quality
Asia - Pacific

Crude Production by Quality (*)


(thousand barrels/day)

Asia - Pacific (A)


Ultra Light
Light & Sweet
Light & Medium Sour
Light & Sour
Medium & Sweet
Medium & Medium Sour
Medium & Sour
Heavy & Sweet
Heavy & Medium Sour
Heavy & Sour
Unassigned production (B)
% Unassigned production (B/A)

2000
7,420
443
2,696
31

2005
7,482
277
2,625
33

2010
7,810
303
1,810

2012
7,700
300
2,018

2013
7,515
291
1,776

2,879
543
17
728

2,919
563
19
897

34
3,586
582
19
1,328

34
3,414
582
19
1,200

34
3,635
589
20
1,038

83
1.1

150
2.0

148
1.9

133
1.7

132
1.8

Share of total
2000
2013
6.0%
36.3%
0.4%
0.0%
38.8%
7.3%
0.2%
9.8%

3.9%
23.6%
0.0%
0.5%
48.4%
7.8%
0.3%
13.8%

1.1%

1.8%

Quality and Production Volume of Main Crudes 2013 (**)


(thousand barrels/day)
Detail
50

60

CK

BT

45

KU
TP

API degree

GP

50
CK
KU

BU

40

NL

SU
35

MN

30

LB

DQ

BH
CP

TP
BU NL

40
API degree

100

25
0,00

DQ

0,05

0,10

0,15

Sulphur content (%)

SU

= 100 thousand barrels/day

MN

BH

CP
MI

LB

30

CH
SG
LH

20

DR

PG

PY

10
-0,1

0,0

0,1

0,2

0,3

0,4

0,5

0,6

0,7

0,8

0,9

Sulphur content (%)

= 1 0 0 t h o u s a n d b a r r e ls/ d a y
BH - B ac h Ho (V i e tnam)

C K - C os s a ck (Aus tra lia )

LB - La bua n (Ma la ys ia )

P G - P eng La i (Chi n a)

BT - B i ntul u C . te (M al aysi a)

D Q - D aq uing (Ch ina )

LH - Liuh ua (Ch ina )

P Y - P yrenees (A u st ral i a)

BU - B rune i L i g ht (B rune i )

D R - D u ri (Ind ones ia )

MI - Miri (Ma la ys ia )

S G - S h engli (Ch in a)

CH - C hang qi ng (C hi na)

G P - G i pp s la nd (Aus tra lia )

MN - Mina s (Ind ones ia )

S U - S u Tu Den (Vi et n am )

CP - C hampi o n (B rune i )

K U - K u tub u B. (P a p ua N. G.)

NL - Na nh a i Ligh t (Ch ina )

TP - Ta pis (Ma la y si a)

(*) Data source: Enis elaborations on IEA data.


(**) Data source: Enis elaborations.

Production Quality
OilAsia
- Production
- Pacific

Crude Production by Quality (*)


(thousand barrels/day)

Crude Production by Quality (*)


(selected years, thousand barrels/day)

(*) Data source: Enis elaborations on IEA data.

101

102

Production Quality
Asia - Pacific

Crude Production by Quality (*)


(thousand barrels/day)

Australia
Ultra Light
Light & Sweet
Heavy & Sweet
Brunei
Ultra Light
Light & Sweet
Medium & Sweet
Heavy & Sweet
China
Light & Sweet
Light & Medium Sour
Light & Sour
Medium & Sweet
Medium & Medium Sour
Medium & Sour
Heavy & Sweet

Share of total
2000
2013

2000
721
311
372
38

2005
456
50
364
42

2010
484
85
225
174

2012
410
95
178
137

2013
335
79
164
92

43.1%
51.6%
5.3%

23.6%
49.0%
27.5%

195
16
110
6
63

206
18
90
3
95

153
22
68
45
18

159
13
86
42
18

135.2
13
70
32
19

8.2%
56.3%
3.1%
32.4%

9.6%
52.1%
24.0%
14.3%

3,261
200
31

3,638
229
33

4,070
32

4,137
39

4,141
32

2,203
543
17
267

2,331
563
19
463

34
2,630
582
19
773

34
2,755
582
19
708

34
2,792
589
20
674

6.1%
1.0%
0.0%
67.6%
16.7%
0.5%
8.2%

0.8%
0.0%
0.8%
67.4%
14.2%
0.5%
16.3%

92
92

88
88

80
80

79
79

0.0%

100.0%

East Timor
Light & Sweet
India
Light & Sweet
Medium & Sweet
Heavy & Sweet

659
552
40
67

656
562
27
67

789
694
23
72

794
692
25
77

789
691
26
72

83.8%
6.1%
10.2%

87.6%
3.3%
9.1%

Indonesia
Ultra Light
Light & Sweet
Medium & Sweet
Heavy & Sweet

1,312
75
823
122
293

946
64
549
103
230

828
43
111
383
291

766
39
385
82
260

715
46
225
262
181

5.7%
62.7%
9.3%
22.3%

6.4%
31.5%
36.7%
25.4%

Malaysia
Ultra Light
Light & Sweet
Medium & Sweet

704
41
412
251

779
53
483
243

703
65
300
338

659
73
285
301

642
74
269
299

5.8%
58.5%
35.7%

11.5%
41.9%
46.6%

New Zealand
Light & Sweet
Medium & Sweet

36
36

19
19

55
39
17

41
31
10

35
25
10

100.0%
0.0%

71.1%
28.9%

Papua New Guinea


Light & Sweet

64
64

54
54

31
31

27
27

28
28

100.0%

100.0%

Thailand
Light & Sweet

60
60

114
114

153
153

149
149

150
150

100.0%

100.0%

325
68
257

372
160
212

308
158
150

345
146
199

334
121
213

20.9%
79.1%

36.2%
63.8%

Vietnam
Light & Sweet
Medium & Sweet

(*) Data source: Enis elaborations on IEA data.

Production Quality
Oil - Production
Americas

103

Crude Production by Quality (*)


(thousand barrels/day)

Americas (A)
Ultra Light
Light & Sweet
Light & Medium Sour
Light & Sour
Medium & Sweet
Medium & Medium Sour
Medium & Sour
Heavy & Sweet
Heavy & Medium Sour
Heavy & Sour
Unassigned production (B)
% Unassigned production (B/A)

Share of total
2000
2013

2000
17,176

2005
17,395

2010
17,551

2012
19,022

2013
20,098

3,361
553

2,605
190

3,010
363

4,751
363

5,635
340

19.6%
3.2%

28.0%
1.7%

887
1,613
4,038
305
1,147
4,935
337
2.0

1,416
1,664
3,758
252
1,399
5,750
361
2.1

1,469
1,728
3,584
348
1,785
4,953
311
1.8

1,518
1,421
3,289
336
1,780
5,274
290
1.5

1,652
1,421
3,263
299
1,722
5,486
279
1.4

5.2%
9.4%
23.5%
1.8%
6.7%
28.7%
2.0%

8.2%
7.1%
16.2%
1.5%
8.6%
27.3%
1.4%

Quality and Production Volume of Main Crudes 2013 (**)


(thousand barrels/day)
50

TO

45

MB

40

OL
LL

WT
MD

35
API degree

HI

IS

ME

LU

30

WS

AN

PE

MR
RO
HA

CS

25

VS

EC

20

OR

BR PP

MY

NA

ML

CA

CL
MV
CN

15
KR

RU

10
-0,5

0,0

0,5

1,0

1,5

2,0

2,5

3,0

3,5

4,0

4,5

5,0

Sulphur content (%)

= 1 0 0 t h o u san d barre ls/ day


AN - Alaskan Nth. Sl. (U.S.A.)

HI - Hibernia (Canada)

PP - Petrozuata (Venezuela)

BR - Bow River (Canada)

IS - Isthmus (Mexico)

RO - Roncador (Brazil)

CA - Castilla (Colombia)

KR - Kern River (U.S.A.)

RU - Rubiales (Colombia)

CL - Cold Lake (Canada)

LL - Lousiana Light Sweet (U.S.A.)

TO - Tight Oil (U.S.A.)

CN - Cerro Negro (Venezuela)

LU - Lula (Brazil)

VS - Vasconia (Colombia)

CS - Canadon Seco (Argentina)

MB - Mixed Blend S. (Canada)

WS - West Texas Sour (U.S.A.)

EC - Escalante (Argentina)

MD - Medanito (Argentina)

WT - West Texas Int. (U.S.A.)

HA - Hamaca (Venezuela)

ME - Mesa (Venezuela)

(*) Data source: Enis elaborations on IEA data.


(**) Data source: Enis elaborations.

5,5

6,0

104

Production Quality
Americas

Crude Production by Quality (*)


(thousand barrels/day)
22,000
20,000
18,000
16,000
14,000
12,000
10,000
8,000
6,000
4,000
2,000
0
2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Light & Sweet

Medium & Sweet

Heavy & Sweet

Light & Medium Sour

Medium & Medium Sour

Heavy & Medium Sour

Medium & Sour

Heavy & Sour

Crude Production by Quality (*)


(selected years, thousand barrels/day)

6,000

5,000
4,000

3,000
2,000

1,000
0

(*) Data source: Enis elaborations on IEA data.

2013

Production Quality
Oil - Production
Americas

Crude Production by Quality (*)


(thousand barrels/day)

Share of total
2000 2013

2000
769
119
346
305

2005
661
102
308
252

2010
611
91
253
266

2012
559
83
229
247

2013
524
78
215
231

15.4%
44.9%
39.6%

14.9%
41.0%
44.1%

Brazil
Light & Sweet
Light & Medium Sour
Medium & Sweet
Medium & Medium Sour
Heavy & Sweet
Heavy & Medium Sour
Heavy & Sour

1,234

1,637

2,061

2,067

49

46

43

272

455

914

1,136

578
82
1,338
20

43
85
504
89
1,272
74

2,026
5
30
198
393
68
1,231
101

0.0%
4.0%
0.0%
22.0%
0.0%
74.0%
0.0%

0.2%
1.5%
9.8%
19.4%
3.4%
60.7%
5.0%

Canada
Light & Sweet
Medium & Sweet
Medium & Medium Sour
Heavy & Sour

2,023
837
327

2,372
735
657

2,725
686
925

3,130
806
966

859

980

1,114

1,358

3,297
703
992
173
1,429

41.4%
16.2%
0.0%
42.5%

21.3%
30.1%
5.2%
43.3%

Memo: syncrude production is included in Medium & Sweet


Memo: bitumen production is included in Heavy & Sour

327
293

551
450

804
685

901
900

936
981

16.2%
14.5%

28.4%
29.8%

Colombia
Light & Sweet
Medium & Sweet
Heavy & Medium Sour
Heavy & Sour

684
340
105
234
6

526
135
74
263
54

786
51
61
447
227

944
50
53
508
333

1,004
46
46
492
420

49.7%
15.3%
34.1%
0.9%

4.6%
4.6%
49.0%
41.8%

Ecuador
Heavy & Sour

401
401

532
532

466
466

501
501

Mexico
Light & Medium Sour
Medium & Sour
Heavy & Sour

3,012
505
733
1,774

3,333
144
802
2,387

2,576
320
834
1,422

2,546
320
833
1,393

2,519
310
846
1,364

16.8%
24.3%
58.9%

12.3%
33.6%
54.1%

United States
Light & Sweet
Medium & Sweet
Medium & Medium Sour
Medium & Sour
Heavy & Sour

5,822
2,065
455
996
1,490
816

5,185
1,633
522
901
1,456
673

5,480
2,182
363
896
1,474
565

6,488
3,813
295
688
1,211
481

7,438
4,803
312
640
1,185
498

35.5%
7.8%
17.1%
25.6%
14.0%

64.6%
4.2%
8.6%
15.9%
6.7%

Venezuela
Medium & Medium Sour
Medium & Sour
Heavy & Sour

2,894

2,788
164
1,500
1,124

2,535
119
1,276
1,140

2,498
119
1,245
1,134

2,497
104
1,232
1,161

0.0%
62.7%
37.3%

4.2%
49.4%
46.5%

Argentina
Light & Sweet
Medium & Medium Sour
Heavy & Sweet

(*) Data source: Enis elaborations on IEA data.

1,816
1,078

514
514 100.0% 100.0%

105

106

Production Quality
Distillation Yields

Distillates/Residues Yields Comparison among Light Crudes (*)


(%wt)
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%

API

Ea Blend
(Nigeria)

Abo
(Nigeria)

Brent
(U.K.)

Nanhai L.
(China)

Bu Attifel
(Libya)

Sahara Bl.
(Algeria)

Tengiz
(Kazakhstan)

35

35.5

38.8

40.2

42.6

44.6

46.4

Athmospheric Residue (370 C+)

Middle Distillates (from 160 to 370 C)

Light Distillates (from C5 to 160 C)

Range of Distillates/Residues Yields within Light Crudes


Quality Classes

API
>=

Ultra Light
Light & Sweet
Light & Medium Sour
Light & Sour

50
35
35
35

S, %m/m
<

50
50
50

(*) Data source: Eni/R&M Crude Database.

>=

0.5
1.0

Yield 370+, %m/m


<

0.5
0.5
1.0

Min

Avg

Max

4.77
20.66
18.4

33.66
34.44
35.25

65.35
43.95
42.15

Production Quality
Distillation
Oil - Production
Yields

Distillates/Residues Yields Comparison among Medium Crudes (*)


(%wt)

Range of Distillates/Residues Yields within Medium Crudes


Quality Classes
Medium & Sweet
Medium & Medium Sour
Medium & Sour

API

S, %m/m

>=

<

26
26
26

35
35
35

(*) Data source: Eni/R&M Crude Database.

>=

0.5
1.0

Yield 370+, %m/m


<

Min

Avg

Max

0.5
1.0

22.54
41.04
36.71

49.71
47.76
48.27

67.3
69.65
56.69

107

108

Production Quality
Distillation Yields

Distillates/Residues Yields Comparison among Heavy Crudes (*)


(%wt)

Range of Distillates/Residues Yields within Heavy Crudes


Quality Classes
Heavy & Sweet
Heavy & Medium Sour
Heavy & Sour

API

S, %m/m

>=

<

10
10
10

26
26
26

(*) Data source: Eni/R&M Crude Database.

>=

0.5
1.0

Yield 370+, %m/m


<

Min

Avg

Max

0.5
1.0

41.89
62.42
37.57

61.64
64.03
64.60

77.12
65.64
81.70

World Oil and Gas Review 2014

refining industry

World Oil and Gas Review 2014

refining industry

112

Refining Industry
Refining Capacity

Areas and Aggregates (*)


2000
Refineries
(no.)

Europe

Primary
Capacity
(mmtons)

Primary Conversion
Capacity
Capacity
(kbbl/d) (FCC eqv.)
(mmtons)

2005
Utilization Refineries
Rate
(no.)
(%)

Complexity Ratio
FCC eqv.
NCI
(%)

Primary
Capacity
(mmtons)

Primary
Capacity
(kbbl/d)

Conversion
Capacity
(FCC eqv.)
(mmtons)

925 18,504

308

33

83

Complexity Ratio Utilization


Rate
FCC eqv.
NCI
(%)
(%)

156

926 18,539

274

30

78

146

Russia and Central Asia

50

330 6,652

46

14

63

52

319

6,417

51

16

76

Middle East

46

325 6,527

62

19

89

47

361

7,324

73

20

87

Africa

47

142 2,837

17

12

77

46

158

3,154

28

18

81

Asia - Pacific

224

1,113 22,308

434

39

80

237

1,232 24,687

601

49

84

Americas

255 1,305 26,100

792

61

89

252 1,349 26,999

856

63

88

North America

176

923 18,461

651

71 10

89

169

959 19,192

690

72 10

87

Latin America

79

382 7,639

141

37

88

83

390

7,807

166

43

90

World

778 4,141 82,963 1,625

39

82

780 4,343 87,085

1,918

44

85

European Union

131

782 15,656

248

32

84

122

807 16,144

277

34

84

79

514 10,296

166

32

89

73

533 10,665

186

35

91

512 10,237

North West Europe


MED

103

524 10,485

117

22

70

101

MENA

67

407 8,163

64

16

89

68

UNITED STATES
PADD I
PADD II
PADD III
PADD IV
PADD V

155
16
28
57
16
38

826 16,525
83 1,650
180 3,603
381 7,620
27
545
155 3,107

602
50
112
296
15
130

73
60
62
78
53
84

10
9
10
11
8
10

91
95
93
93
92
79

150
14
26
57
16
37

OECD
NON OECD

365 2,262 45,270 1,073


413 1,879 37,693
552

47
29

8
5

OPEC
NON OPEC

63
715

21
41

4
7

398 7,979
84
3,744 74,984 1,541

136

27

76

9,116

80

18

87

862 17,248
85 1,697
178 3,558
410 8,204
29
590
160 3,199

636
50
109
328
16
134

74
59
61
80
53
83

10
9
10
11
8
10

87
95
92
86
94
82

86
76

341 2,289 45,816


439 2,054 41,269

1,167
751

51
37

9
6

86
83

88
81

65
439 8,878
715 3,904 78,207

97
1,820

22
47

5
8

85
85

451

World Primary Capacity (2013)

World Primary Capacity Growth (2000-2013)

4,739 million tons

597 million tons

-100

100

200

300

400

4% Africa
7% Russia and Central Asia
8% Latin America
9% Middle East
17% Europe
21% North America
34% Asia - Pacific

2000-2005

(*) Data source: ICIS Consulting.

2005-2010

2010-2013

500

Refining Industry
Refining
Oil - Production
Capacity

2010
Refineries
(no.)

Primary
Capacity
(mmtons)

2013

Primary
Capacity
(kbbl/d)

Conversion
Capacity
(FCC eqv.)
(mmtons)

137

892 17,845

317

36

76

125

835 16,701

319

38

75

57

327 6,592

54

16

86

65

353 7,109

62

17

88 Russia and Central Asia

55

393 8,001

90

23

85

56

411 8,362

109

26

82

Middle East

46

159 3,203

29

18

76

48

175 3,517

33

19

64

Africa

261 1,472 29,530

856

58

81

267 1,598 32,044

1,025

64

80

Asia - Pacific

242 1,355 27,117

884

65 10

83

240 1,367 27,359

920

67

10

84

Americas

161

958 19,175

706

74 11

84

157

979 19,593

743

76

11

84

North America

81

397 7,942

178

45

80

83

388 7,766

177

46

83

Latin America

798 4,599 92,288

2,231

49

81

801 4,739 95,092 2,468

52

81

World

Complexity Ratio
FCC eqv.
NCI
(%)

Utilization Refineries
Primary
Rate
(no.) Capacity
(%)
(mmtons)

Primary Conversion
Capacity
Capacity
(kbbl/d) (FCC eqv.)
(mmtons)

Complexity Ratio Utilization


Rate
FCC eqv.
NCI
(%)
(%)

Europe

114

775 15,500

286

37

79

105

733 14,656

289

40

76

European Union

68

510 10,202

190

37

85

64

484 9,689

187

39

84

North West Europe

98

507 10,166

143

28

70

90

484 9,703

151

31

65

MED

78

488 27,016

99

20

84

80

514 10,423

119

23

79

MENA

17,172
1,297
3,682
8,564
623
3,006

653
37
118
346
20
132

76
57
64
81
65
88

11
10
10
11
9
11

85
85
88
86
86
77

139
9
26
55
17
32

880
64
187
451
32
146

17,608
1,276
3,748
9,033
634
2,917

691
35
128
375
20
132

78
56
69
83
65
90

11
10
10
12
9
12

86
81
90
87
91
79

UNITED STATES
PADD I
PADD II
PADD III
PADD IV
PADD V

328 2,268 45,402


470 2,331 46,886

1,216
1,015

54
44

9
6

80
82

314 2,240 44,850


487 2,499 50,242

1,277
1,191

57
48

9
7

81
80

OECD
NON OECD

71 464 9,426
727 4,135 82,862

106
2,125

23
51

5
8

85
81

75 493 10,020
124
726 4,245 85,072 2,343

25
55

5
8

80
81

OPEC
NON OPEC

142
11
26
53
17
35

858
65
184
428
31
150

2013 Complexity ratio (FCC eqv. %)

North America
FCC 76%

Russia and C. Asia


FCC 17%

Europe
FCC 38%

Middle East
FCC 26%

Africa
FCC 19%
Latin America
FCC 46%

Asia - Pacific
FCC 64%

113

114

Refining Industry
Refining Capacity

Countries (*)
2000
Refineries
(no.)

Europe
Belgium
Czech Republic
France
Germany
Greece
Italy
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Spain
Sweden
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Others Europe

156
5
3
14
18
4
17
7
7
2
9
10
5
5
6
12
32

Primary
Capacity
(mmtons)

2005

Primary
Capacity
(kbbl/d)

Conversion
Capacity
(FCC eqv.)
(mmtons)

926 18,539
37
739
9
186
99 1,971
113 2,252
20
403
124 2,485
63 1,271
20
393
16
316
19
381
67 1,330
22
436
36
713
49
981
91 1,821
143 2,861

274
8
3
26
44
5
38
22
6
3
9
18
5
7
6
39
35

30
21
31
26
39
26
31
34
28
20
48
27
22
18
12
43
25

7
6
7
8
8
7
7
6
9
6
9
6
7
5
4
9
7

78
92
63
87
95
96
70
92
93
74
57
86
94
67
19
89
67

146
4
3
13
16
4
17
7
6
2
9
10
5
4
7
12
27

Primary
Complexity Ratio Utilization Refineries
FCC eqv.
NCI
Rate
(no.)
Capacity
(%)
(%)
(mmtons)

Primary
Capacity
(kbbl/d)

925 18,504
38
756
9
186
100 2,002
119 2,381
21
418
126 2,515
65 1,308
25
495
16
316
21
413
69 1,377
22
436
31
613
29
583
96 1,926
139 2,779

Conversion Complexity Ratio Utilization


NCI
Capacity FCC eqv.
Rate
(%)
(FCC eqv.)
(%)
(mmtons)

308
10
6
27
47
6
43
24
7
4
11
22
5
7
5
41
45

33
25
59
27
40
30
34
37
27
23
53
32
23
21
18
42
32

8
6
8
8
8
7
8
6
8
7
8
7
8
6
6
9
7

83
85
83
85
96
89
75
91
73
83
68
86
94
84
66
83
79

Russia and Central Asia


Russia
Kazakhstan
Others Central Asia

50
37
3
10

330
274
17
40

6,652
5,516
330
806

46
33
4
9

14
12
27
23

5
5
5
6

63
66
41
53

52
41
3
8

319
268
17
34

6,417
5,400
330
687

51
36
4
11

16 6
13 5.4
26 5.3
31 7.2

76
79
64
58

Middle East
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Others Middle East

46
9
11
3
9
4
10

325
82
36
37
90
21
58

6,527
1,647
718
745
1,808
440
1,169

62
15
1
18
15
2
10

19
18
3
48
17
10
17

4
4
4
6
5
3
5

89
94
72
100
90
79
87

47
10
12
3
9
3
10

361
84
36
47
104
28
62

7,324
1,692
721
936
2,107
620
1,248

73
15
1
21
20
2
13

20
18
3
46
19
8
22

4
4
4
6
5
2
5

87
93
65
93
93
69
86

Africa
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
South Africa
Others Africa

47
4
8
6
4
4
21

142
22
33
18
14
24
32

2,837
434
654
360
270
481
638

17
0
2
0
3
8
4

12
1
6
0
21
34
13

4
3
3
2
5
7
3

77
98
76
95
35
76
72

46
4
10
6
3
4
19

158
22
40
18
17
26
34

3,154
434
810
360
345
520
685

28
0
6
0
5
9
8

18
1
15
0
27
34
24

5
3
6
2
5
7
4

81
89
78
91
55
97
76

Asia - Pacific
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Others Asia - Pacific

224 1,113 22,308


11
42
837
100 275 5,505
17 113 2,257
10
56 1,127
35 264 5,283
7
27
548
4
65 1,310
7 137 2,745
5
42
830
8
47
946
20
46
920

434
21
179
39
22
87
7
15
31
9
17
6

39
50
65
35
39
33
27
23
23
22
36
13

6
8
7
5
5
7
4
7
4
5
7
4

80
80
74
93
87
78
77
64
88
92
80
77

237 1,232 24,687


9
38
752
121
379 7,581
18 130 2,590
9
53 1,057
30 239 4,782
6
26
522
4
71 1,420
6
137 2,755
5
61 1,220
8
54 1,096
21
46
912

601
23
284
60
22
94
8
16
39
34
17
6

49
61
75
46
42
39
30
23
28
56
31
13

6
8
7
6
5
8
5
7
5
6
6
4

84
79
77
100
88
86
92
83
84
89
85
73

Americas
Argentina
Brazil
Canada
Mexico
United States
Venezuela
Others Americas

255 1,305 26,100


10
31
620
15
95 1,911
21
97 1,936
6
77 1,535
155 826 16,525
6
63 1,269
42 115 2,304

792
21
33
49
24
602
28
36

61
67
35
50
31
73
44
31

9
8
5
8
8
10
6
7

89
84
85
80
84
91
86
95

252 1,349 26,999


14
31
621
16 100 2,002
19
97 1,944
6
77 1,540
150 862 17,248
6
65 1,291
41
117 2,353

856
19
44
54
33
636
28
42

63 9
62 8
44 5
56 8
43 9
74 10
43 7
36 6

88
86
89
83
94
87
79
96

World

778 4,141 82,963

1,625

39

82

780 4,343 87,085

1,918

44

85

(*) Data source: ICIS Consulting.

Refining Industry
Refining
Oil - Production
Capacity

2010
Refineries
(no.)

Primary
Capacity
(mmtons)

137
4
3
12
15
4
17
7
4
2
7
10
5
4
6
11
26

892
39
9
87
105
22
120
66
29
16
16
71
22
31
28
91
138

2013

Primary Conversion
Capacity
Capacity
(kbbl/d) (FCC eqv.)
(mmtons)

17,845
787
186
1,749
2,108
440
2,396
1,327
583
316
323
1,427
436
613
568
1,817
2,769

317
10
6
30
47
7
47
21
6
4
9
25
5
7
5
42
48

57
45
3
9

327 6,592
273 5,511
17
330
37
751

55
11
16
3
9
4
12

393
92
43
47
104
32
76

46
6
10
6
4
4
16

Complexity Ratio Utilization


FCC
NCI
Rate
eqv.
(%)
(%)

Primary
Capacity
(kbbl/d)

Conversion
Capacity
(FCC eqv.)
(mmtons)

835 16,701
39
776
8
166
70 1,395
103 2,069
25
498
103 2,062
66 1,326
29
583
17
334
12
243
79 1,577
22
436
31
613
13
262
79 1,584
139 2,777

319
9
6
23
46
11
42
21
7
7
8
37
5
7
2
38
49

8
6
9
9
8
8
9
6
7
7
8
7
8
7
6
9
8

76
85
85
75
91
89
70
88
78
72
63
74
93
64
40
76
71

125
4
2
9
15
4
15
7
4
2
5
10
5
4
3
10
26

54
39
4
11

16
6
14 5.7
22 5.4
29 6.7

86
91
85
49

65
51
4
10

353
299
17
37

7,109
6,027
332
750

62
46
4
12

8,001
1,860
857
936
2,107
700
1,541

90
15
4
22
26
2
22

23
17
8
46
25
7
29

5
4
4
6
6
3
6

85
94
61
96
88
66
83

56
11
16
3
10
4
12

411
97
51
47
107
33
76

8,362
1,970
1,019
936
2,172
710
1,555

159 3,203
27
561
41
822
18
360
11
211
26
520
36
729

29
1
6
0
3
9
11

18
2
15
0
26
33
30

5
3
6
2
5
8
4

76
99
71
99
45
77
63

48
6
10
6
5
4
17

175
30
42
19
17
26
41

261 1,472 29,530


8
38
762
139
532 10,639
20
188 3,750
11
56 1,139
31
235 4,714
7
29
582
4
71 1,427
6
145 2,920
5
63 1,260
8
61 1,241
22
55 1,096

856
23
458
104
22
97
9
19
56
36
18
14

58
59
86
55
39
41
32
27
38
58
30
25

7
8
8
7
7
8
5
7
7
7
6
5

242
14
17
19
6
142
6
38

884
19
52
53
33
653
30
44

65
61
51
53
42
76
46
37

798 4,599 92,288 2,231

49

1,355
32
104
100
77
858
65
119

27,117
633
2,079
2,003
1,540
17,172
1,303
2,387

36
25
66
34
45
30
39
32
21
23
54
35
23
21
18
46
35

Refineries Primary
(no.) Capacity
(mmtons)

Complexity Ratio Utilization


FCC eqv.
NCI
Rate
(%)
(%)

38
24
73
33
45
44
41
32
23
40
63
47
23
21
15
48
36

8
6
9
9
8
8
8
6
8
7
9
8
8
7
7
9
8

75
72
80
80
90
80
61
81
83
71
78
74
76
65
31
75
75

Europe
Belgium
Czech Republic
France
Germany
Greece
Italy
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Spain
Sweden
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Others Europe

17 6
15 5.9
24 5.5
33 6.9

88 Russia and Central Asia


93
Russia
87
Kazakhstan
50 Others Central Asia

109
27
4
22
27
5
24

26
28
7
46
26
16
31

5
5
4
6
6
4
6

82
Middle East
90
Iran
58
Iraq
96
Kuwait
82
Saudi Arabia
72 United Arab Emirates
83 Others Middle East

3,517
607
840
380
342
520
828

33
1
7
0
5
9
13

19
2
16
0
27
33
31

5
3
6
2
5
8
4

64
84
64
47
26
79
62

81
71
80
106
78
75
76
80
81
77
77
65

267 1,598 32,044


7
35
690
145 651 13,032
22 219 4,377
12
53 1,072
29 214 4,286
7
30
612
4
70 1,414
6 150 3,029
5
57 1,140
7
60 1,224
23
58 1,168

1,025
21
581
132
22
100
11
20
66
41
18
14

64
59
89
60
42
47
35
28
44
71
30
24

8
8
8
8
7
9
5
7
8
8
6
4

10
8
5
9
9
11
7
7

83
84
89
72
79
85
83
72

240 1,367 27,359


15
33
663
17 106 2,118
18
99 1,985
6
85 1,690
139 880 17,608
7
68 1,353
38
97 1,942

920
19
57
52
39
691
30
32

81

801 4,739 95,092 2,468

Africa
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
South Africa
Others Africa

80
Asia - Pacific
80
Australia
73
China
105
India
77
Indonesia
79
Japan
86
Malaysia
75
Singapore
82
South Korea
83
Taiwan
81
Thailand
70 Others Asia - Pacific

67 10
58 8
54 6
53 8
47 9
78 11
44 7
33 6

84
80
98
67
75
86
78
77

Americas
Argentina
Brazil
Canada
Mexico
United States
Venezuela
Others Americas

52

81

World

115

116

Refining Industry
Refining Capacity

Primary Capacity by Cluster of Companies (*)

2000

2013

World: 4,141 million tons

World: 4,739 million tons

54% Others

52% Others

23% Majors

17% Majors

23% NOCs

31% NOCs

2013
(million tons)

64% Others

Europe
835

North America
979

54% Others

27% Majors

51% Others

38% Majors

49% NOCs

Middle East
411

9% NOCs
8% NOCs

Russia and C. Asia


353

3% Majors
45% Others
52% NOCs
Latin America
388
26% Others

Africa
175

2% Majors

9% Majors
89% Others

Asia - Pacific
1,598

2% NOCs
52% Others

72% NOCs

10% Majors
38% NOCs

(*) Majors: BP, Chevron, Eni, ExxonMobil, Repsol, Shell, Total.



NOCs: Gazprom, Indian Oil Corporation, Kuwait Petroleum Corp., LUKoil, NIORDC, PDVSA, Pemex, Pertamina, Petrobras, PetroChina, Reliance, Rosneft, Saudi Aramco, Sinopec.

Refining Industry
Oil Product
Oil - Production
Balances

Gasoline (*) - Balance in the World


(million tons)

Middle Distillates (*) - Balance in the World


(million tons)

(*) Data source: ICIS Consulting.

117

118

Refining Industry
Oil Product Balances

Areas and Aggregates (*)


(million tons)
2000
LPG/
Naphtha

Europe
Production
Consumption
Balance

Gasoline

Middle
Distillates

Fuel Oil

2005
Other
Products

TOTAL

73.77 155.31 322.05 108.77 78.60 738.50


84.99 141.89 342.10 114.13 116.87 799.98
-11.21 13.42 -20.05
-5.36 -38.28 -61.48

Russia and Central Asia


Production
17.41 31.94
Consumption
13.57 28.96
Balance
3.84 2.99

LPG/
Naphtha

Gasoline

Middle
Distillates

Fuel Oil

Other
Products

TOTAL

88.82 165.99 343.27 114.64 75.70 788.42


95.13 126.67 380.15 106.27 119.48 827.70
-6.32 39.32 -36.88
8.37 -43.78 -39.28

67.43
41.63
25.80

62.75
37.60
25.15

32.88 212.41
32.97 154.72
-0.09
57.69

28.18
17.07
11.11

38.40 81.18
32.44 44.30
5.96 36.88

71.51 30.01 249.28


27.41 32.05 153.27
44.11 -2.04 96.01

Middle East
Production
Consumption
Balance

66.56 34.67 119.91


16.30 36.54 81.98
50.25 -1.87 37.93

85.16
58.63
26.53

27.05 333.34
37.02 230.47
-9.97 102.88

80.05
24.18
55.87

42.02 133.82
49.15 99.10
-7.13 34.72

82.79 32.01 370.69


67.43 44.27 284.14
15.36 -12.26 86.55

Africa
Production
Consumption
Balance

25.28 13.92
8.15 24.49
17.13 -10.57

33.62
21.02
12.60

8.61 122.57
10.16 115.46
-1.56
7.11

27.11
10.26
16.84

18.64 48.20
29.01 61.35
-10.38 -13.15

36.85 12.14 142.93


23.70 14.48 138.81
13.15 -2.35
4.12

Asia - Pacific
Production
Consumption
Balance

113.13 147.59 378.82 144.67 126.88 911.07 147.46 174.55 447.86 134.55 156.52 1,060.94
160.62 144.12 388.73 183.96 136.41 1,013.84 199.30 172.69 445.53 177.16 171.70 1,166.36
-47.49 3.46
-9.91 -39.30
-9.53 -102.77 -51.84
1.87
2.33 -42.62 -15.17 -105.42

Americas
Production
Consumption
Balance

111.34 456.65 401.97 121.01 171.03 1,261.99 100.78 478.55 422.89 105.93 175.27 1,283.43
115.88 468.68 408.19 126.58 187.30 1,306.63 115.54 507.69 435.97 118.14 183.79 1,361.13
-4.54 -12.04
-6.22
-5.57 -16.28 -44.64 -14.76 -29.14 -13.08 -12.21 -8.52 -77.70

North America
Production
Consumption
Balance

71.77 375.58 289.83


77.75 392.69 306.23
-5.98 -17.11 -16.41

40.29 125.30 902.77 59.36 391.86 298.43 32.39 123.44 905.47


56.27 142.87 975.82 77.64 422.93 322.14 58.61 137.64 1,018.95
-15.98 -17.57 -73.05 -18.28 -31.08 -23.71 -26.22 -14.20 -113.49

Latin America
Production
Consumption
Balance

39.57 81.07 112.14


38.13 75.99 101.96
1.44 5.08 10.18

80.72
70.31
10.42

45.72 359.22
44.43 330.82
1.29 28.40

World
Production
Consumption
Balance

407.48 840.08 1,331.32


399.51 844.69 1314.26
7.97 -4.61
17.06

555.97
541.92
14.05

445.04 3,579.89 472.39 918.15 1,477.23 546.27 481.65 3,895.69


520.73 3,621.10 461.48 917.64 1,466.41 520.11 565.77 3,931.42
-75.69 -41.21 10.91
0.50 10.82 26.16 -84.12 -35.72

(*) Data source: ICIS Consulting.

41.15
51.64
-10.49

41.43
37.90
3.53

86.70 124.47
84.75 113.84
1.94 10.63

73.54 51.83 377.97


59.54 46.15 342.18
14.01 5.68 35.79

Refining Industry
Oil Product
Oil - Production
Balances

2010
LPG/
Naphtha

Gasoline

Middle
Distillates

2013
Fuel Oil

Other
Products

TOTAL

LPG/
Naphtha

Gasoline

Middle
Distillates

Fuel Oil

Other
Products

TOTAL

79.29 148.17 324.52


93.24 105.45 388.26
-13.95 42.73 -63.73

72.80 68.11 692.89


78.68 93.23 758.85
-5.88 -25.12 -65.95

70.05 138.28 318.19 53.97 58.47 638.97


91.21 93.30 376.79 62.59 82.41 706.29
-21.17 44.98 -58.60 -8.61 -23.93 -67.32

33.74
17.92
15.82

81.73
16.45
65.29

39.14 46.47
20.85 43.62
18.29 2.85

Europe
Production
Consumption
Balance

99.14 84.43 52.93 322.11


55.94 19.61 45.98 185.99
43.20 64.82 6.95 136.12

Russia and Central Asia


Production
Consumption
Balance

94.48 46.02 137.59


34.37 59.05 118.88
60.11 -13.03 18.71

84.38 42.32 404.78 106.49 50.99 143.83 83.50 42.27 427.08


70.90 69.76 352.96 39.37 66.13 126.21 72.18 79.46 383.35
13.48 -27.44 51.82
67.12 -15.13 17.62 11.32 -37.20 43.73

Middle East
Production
Consumption
Balance

31.06
12.64
18.42

29.75
20.95
8.80

8.10 129.03
7.59 158.58
0.51 -29.56

Africa
Production
Consumption
Balance

175.93 220.18 539.86 106.16 182.73 1,224.85 194.78 253.01 597.62 91.06 177.38 1,313.85
245.35 210.54 508.74 167.75 203.67 1,336.05 267.35 244.82 559.13 155.75 222.40 1,449.46
-69.42
9.64 31.12 -61.59 -20.93 -111.19 -72.57 8.19 38.49 -64.69 -45.02 -135.62

Asia - Pacific
Production
Consumption
Balance

102.40 488.99 409.20


108.89 523.02 427.18
-6.49 -34.02 -17.98

Americas
Production
Consumption
Balance

43.67
41.58
2.09

19.35
36.67
-17.32

94.14
49.70
44.45

49.79
77.15
-27.36

37.53 290.82
41.88 167.53
-4.35 123.29

8.05 138.00
9.35 156.76
-1.29 -18.76

30.33 19.44 45.29 25.88


12.02 40.90 80.52 17.56
18.31 -21.47 -35.23 8.32

90.77 131.13 1,222.49 111.89 490.71 446.16 85.69 126.88 1,261.33


85.66 112.59 1,257.33 115.08 523.14 453.37 72.37 123.71 1,287.66
5.12 18.54 -34.84
-3.19 -32.43
-7.21 13.33 3.17 -26.33

66.42 398.58 299.13 22.78 90.89 877.79


69.07 415.95 287.98 34.97 74.37 882.33
-2.65 -17.37 11.15 -12.19 16.52
-4.54

79.27 399.65 331.40 18.57 88.13 917.02


74.19 406.23 299.29 21.01 83.60 884.33
5.08 -6.59 32.11 -2.45 4.53 32.69

North America
Production
Consumption
Balance

35.99 90.41 110.07


39.83 107.07 139.20
-3.84 -16.65 -29.13

40.24 344.71
38.22 375.00
2.02 -30.29

32.62 91.06 114.76 67.13 38.75 344.31


40.90 116.91 154.07 51.35 40.10 403.33
-8.28 -25.85 -39.31 15.77 -1.36 -59.02

Latin America
Production
Consumption
Balance

516.89 966.38 1,555.10 465.60 469.88 3,973.84


512.40 976.30 1,569.91 440.39 530.46 4,029.47
4.48
-9.93 -14.81 25.21 -60.58 -55.62

552.67 998.89 1,650.24 424.54 466.02 4,092.36


545.88 1,011.91 1,651.96 400.05 561.54 4,171.33
6.79 -13.01
-1.72 24.49 -95.52 -78.97

World
Production
Consumption
Balance

68.00
50.69
17.31

119

120

Refining Industry
Oil Product Balances

Areas and Aggregates (*)


(million tons)
2000
LPG/
Naphtha

Gasoline

Middle
Distillates

Fuel Oil

2005
Other
Products

TOTAL

European Union
Production
64.67 143.58 296.21 92.02 68.57 665.04
Consumption
76.28 126.60 309.56 101.08 104.98 718.49
Balance
-11.60 16.97 -13.35
-9.06 -36.42 -53.45
MENA
Production
Consumption
Balance
OECD
Production
Consumption
Balance
NON OECD
Production
Consumption
Balance
OPEC
Production
Consumption
Balance
NON OPEC
Production
Consumption
Balance

88.94 39.74 145.64 110.79


23.31 43.40 106.05 72.89
65.62 -3.66 39.59
37.90

LPG/
Naphtha

Gasoline

Middle
Distillates

75.86 148.35 308.40


86.40 111.41 342.53
-10.54 36.94 -34.13

31.60 416.71 102.62


42.61 288.26 33.01
-11.01 128.44 69.61

Fuel Oil

Other
Products

TOTAL

94.42 62.06 689.09


95.53 105.65 741.51
-1.11 -43.59 -52.42

48.85 160.31 108.79


57.02 127.67 83.44
-8.17 32.65 25.35

37.95 458.52
51.37 352.51
-13.42 106.01

196.38 605.85 777.47 229.61 244.99 2,054.30 201.62 628.58 796.28 210.75 240.78 2,078.01
260.62 616.20 801.12 251.93 318.77 2,248.65 272.13 638.27 849.23 232.54 319.17 2,311.34
-64.25 -10.35 -23.65 -22.32 -73.79 -194.35 -70.51
-9.69 -52.96 -21.79 -78.39 -233.33
211.10 234.23 553.85 326.36 200.05 1,525.59 270.77 289.57 680.96 335.52 240.87 1,817.69
138.88 228.48 513.14 289.99 201.96 1,372.46 189.35 279.38 617.18 287.57 246.60 1,620.08
72.22 5.75 40.71 36.37
-1.91 153.14 81.42 10.19 63.78
47.95
-5.72 197.61
88.09 46.94 138.78 102.02
18.95 49.16 86.75 54.03
69.14 -2.22 52.04
47.99

34.41 410.24 100.01


43.41 252.29 26.86
-9.00 157.95 73.15

55.44 149.08
64.79 104.46
-9.35 44.62

99.80
65.11
34.69

40.15 444.48
50.50 311.72
-10.34 132.77

319.39 793.14 1,192.54 453.95 410.63 3,169.65 372.39 862.70 1,328.15 446.48 441.50 3,451.21
380.56 795.53 1,227.51 487.89 477.32 3,368.81 434.62 852.85 1,361.95 455.00 515.27 3,619.70
-61.17 -2.39 -34.98 -33.94 -66.69 -199.16 -62.24
9.85 -33.80
-8.53 -73.77 -168.49

(*) Data source: ICIS Consulting.

Refining Industry
Oil Product
Oil - Production
Balances

2010
LPG/
Naphtha

Gasoline

Middle
Distillates

67.75 132.94 295.54


83.90 91.79 343.71
-16.15 41.14 -48.18
119.36
44.83
74.53

54.11 166.91
71.21 154.63
-17.11 12.28

2013
Fuel Oil

Other
Products

TOTAL

60.86 57.97
72.93 78.37
-12.07 -20.40

615.05
670.71
-55.66

LPG/
Naphtha

Gasoline

Middle
Distillates

Fuel Oil

Other
Products

TOTAL

European Union
58.73 123.57 288.42 45.29 46.52 562.53
Production
82.37 80.51 328.78 57.70 66.67 616.03 Consumption
-23.63 43.06 -40.36 -12.41 -20.16 -53.50
Balance

MENA
107.40 47.82 495.60 129.89 58.83 168.83 102.98 46.83 507.36
Production
83.84 77.12 431.64 49.06 80.39 161.04 82.08 86.34 458.91 Consumption
23.56 -29.30
63.96 80.84 -21.56
7.79 20.90 -39.51 48.45
Balance

OECD
194.21 623.69 772.34 138.96 201.25 1,930.45 202.49 615.67 801.01 112.80 191.89 1,923.87
Production
262.48 615.89 804.49 156.00 227.47 2,066.33 269.74 592.84 805.64 127.71 237.93 2,033.86 Consumption
-68.27
7.80 -32.15 -17.04 -26.22 -135.87 -67.25 22.83
-4.63 -14.91 -46.04 -109.99
Balance
NON OECD
322.68 342.69 782.76 326.63 268.64 2,043.39 350.19 383.23 849.22 311.74 274.13 2,168.49
Production
249.93 360.41 765.42 284.39 302.99 1,963.14 276.14 419.07 846.32 272.35 323.61 2,137.48 Consumption
72.75 -17.72
17.33 42.25 -34.36
2.90 39.39 -49.48 31.02
Balance
80.25 74.04 -35.84
OPEC
127.69 59.74 154.03 102.90 50.12 494.48
Production
43.13 86.93 141.70 71.46 85.73 428.95 Consumption
84.56 -27.20 12.34 31.45 -35.61 65.53
Balance
NON OPEC
399.36 909.69 1,402.51 361.22 417.93 3,490.71 424.98 939.16 1,496.20 321.64 415.90 3,597.88
Production
474.79 899.27 1,436.83 370.08 454.00 3,634.98 502.75 924.97 1,510.26 328.60 475.81 3,742.38 Consumption
-75.43 10.42 -34.33
-8.86 -36.07 -144.27 -77.77 14.19 -14.06 -6.96 -59.91 -144.51
Balance
117.53
37.62
79.91

56.69 152.59 104.38


77.03 133.08 70.31
-20.34 19.52 34.07

51.95 483.14
76.46 394.49
-24.51
88.65

121

122

Refining Industry
Oil Product Balances

Countries (*)
(million tons)
2000
LPG/
Naphtha

Europe
Production
Consumption
Balance

Gasoline

Middle
Distillates

Fuel Oil

2005
Other
Products

TOTAL

73.77 155.31 322.05 108.77 78.60 738.50


84.99 141.89 342.10 114.13 116.87 799.98
-11.21 13.42 -20.05
-5.36 -38.28 -61.48

LPG/
Naphtha

Gasoline

Middle
Distillates

Fuel Oil

Other
Products

TOTAL

88.82 165.99 343.27 114.64 75.70 788.42


95.13 126.67 380.15 106.27 119.48 827.70
-6.32 39.32 -36.88
8.37 -43.78 -39.28

Belgium
Production
Consumption
Balance

2.35
6.55
-4.20

5.32
2.25
3.07

14.51
12.89
1.62

7.46
5.90
1.56

4.30
3.83
0.47

33.94
31.42
2.53

4.57
7.92
-3.35

5.05
1.76
3.28

13.27
13.64
-0.37

7.46
8.87
-1.41

1.73
3.67
-1.94

32.07
35.86
-3.79

Czech Republic
Production
Consumption
Balance

0.55
0.87
-0.32

1.04
1.86
-0.83

2.77
3.92
-1.15

0.86
0.87
-0.01

0.65
0.94
-0.29

5.87
8.47
-2.59

1.03
1.29
-0.26

1.47
2.06
-0.59

4.04
4.93
-0.89

0.54
0.50
0.04

0.67
1.12
-0.45

7.75
9.90
-2.15

France
Production
Consumption
Balance

10.32 16.30
11.19 13.81
-0.87 2.49

43.54
52.13
-8.59

9.55
6.85
2.70

5.87
11.50
-5.63

85.58
95.48
-9.90

11.05
10.92
0.13

15.80
10.99
4.81

39.97
56.16
-16.19

9.63
5.82
3.81

8.92
11.00
-2.08

85.37
94.89
-9.52

Germany
Production
Consumption
Balance

12.40 25.97 49.45


17.55 28.83 64.46
-5.15 -2.86 -15.01

10.10
7.92
2.19

8.87 106.80
15.93 134.69
-7.05 -27.89

13.46
19.59
-6.14

25.94
23.45
2.50

55.60
61.53
-5.93

10.97
8.16
2.81

8.75 114.72
15.17 127.89
-6.42 -13.18

Greece
Production
Consumption
Balance

1.62
0.45
1.17

3.78
3.28
0.50

7.55
8.39
-0.84

4.74
5.71
-0.97

1.75
2.09
-0.34

19.44
19.91
-0.47

0.93
0.44
0.50

4.16
3.92
0.24

7.51
9.02
-1.52

4.18
5.19
-1.01

1.84
2.45
-0.61

18.61
21.02
-2.41

Italy
Production
Consumption
Balance

5.14 18.92
8.54 16.82
-3.40 2.10

40.49
31.40
9.09

10.89
23.95
-13.06

12.09
15.60
-3.50

87.53
96.30
-8.78

6.40
8.65
-2.25

20.91
13.85
7.07

43.36
35.60
7.76

11.59
15.43
-3.84

11.84
14.38
-2.54

94.10
87.90
6.21

Netherlands
Production
Consumption
Balance

8.44
7.06
1.38

9.81
4.03
5.78

27.14
12.22
14.92

9.20
11.63
-2.43

3.43
9.68
-6.25

58.01
44.62
13.39

9.19
9.51
-0.31

11.23
4.10
7.13

28.01
13.10
14.92

10.32
15.40
-5.08

0.28
8.42
-8.14

59.03
50.52
8.51

Poland
Production
Consumption
Balance

1.20
2.03
-0.83

4.24
5.01
-0.77

7.33
7.61
-0.28

2.86
1.60
1.26

2.65
4.10
-1.45

18.27
20.34
-2.07

1.35
3.32
-1.97

4.15
4.01
0.14

8.13
9.87
-1.74

1.83
1.37
0.47

2.71
3.95
-1.25

18.17
22.52
-4.35

Portugal
Production
Consumption
Balance

0.71
2.56
-1.86

2.30
2.13
0.17

4.57
5.74
-1.17

2.88
3.77
-0.89

1.16
1.97
-0.81

11.62
16.17
-4.55

1.51
2.30
-0.79

2.50
1.81
0.69

5.83
6.49
-0.66

2.56
3.20
-0.64

0.71
2.63
-1.92

13.11
16.43
-3.32

Romania
Production
Consumption
Balance

0.84
0.76
0.08

2.63
1.34
1.29

4.05
2.93
1.13

1.25
2.68
-1.43

2.10
2.30
-0.20

10.88
10.01
0.87

1.34
1.20
0.13

4.24
1.71
2.53

4.94
3.20
1.74

1.55
1.46
0.09

2.06
3.08
-1.01

14.13
10.65
3.48

(*) Data source: ICIS Consulting.

Refining Industry
Oil Product
Oil - Production
Balances

2010
LPG/
Naphtha

Gasoline

2013

Middle
Distillates

Fuel Oil

79.29 148.17 324.52


93.24 105.45 388.26
-13.95 42.73 -63.73

72.80
78.68
-5.88

Other
Products

TOTAL

68.11 692.89
93.23 758.85
-25.12 -65.95

LPG/
Naphtha

Gasoline

Middle
Distillates

Fuel Oil

Other
Products

TOTAL

70.05 138.28 318.19 53.97 58.47 638.97


91.21 93.30 376.79 62.59 82.41 706.29
-21.17 44.98 -58.60 -8.61 -23.93 -67.32

3.40
8.06
-4.66

3.69
1.30
2.40

13.69
14.09
-0.41

5.99
7.85
-1.86

6.57
4.89
1.68

33.34
36.19
-2.85

2.01
8.16
-6.14

4.16
1.25
2.91

12.44
12.51
-0.07

1.04
1.06
-0.01

1.51
1.86
-0.35

4.17
5.16
-1.00

0.23
0.22
0.00

0.96
0.74
0.22

7.90
9.04
-1.14

0.92
1.11
-0.19

1.29
1.57
-0.27

3.74
5.22
-1.48

9.98
10.69
-0.71

12.77
8.24
4.54

34.52
55.41
-20.89

3.81
4.47
-0.66

4.37
7.17
-2.79

65.45
85.97
-20.52

7.82
9.43
-1.61

10.39
7.09
3.30

11.83
18.72
-6.89

22.48
19.65
2.83

49.40
62.21
-12.80

6.65
7.56
-0.91

5.10 95.46
11.03 119.16
-5.92 -23.70

11.55
18.48
-6.92

1.17
0.41
0.77

4.82
3.71
1.11

8.55
7.30
1.24

3.47
4.25
-0.78

1.57
2.50
-0.92

19.58
18.16
1.42

5.70
7.43
-1.73

18.54
9.99
8.55

42.65
35.49
7.16

3.46
8.53
-5.07

13.18
10.61
2.57

9.28
11.16
-1.88

11.12
4.19
6.94

26.92
12.74
14.19

9.10
12.83
-3.73

2.02
3.69
-1.67

4.22
4.23
0.00

11.58
13.44
-1.86

1.59
2.04
-0.45

2.22
1.39
0.83

0.90
0.58
0.32

2.82
1.43
1.39

5.02
5.71
-0.69

4.33 27.97
4.04 31.67
0.29 -3.70

Europe
Production
Consumption
Balance
Belgium
Production
Consumption
Balance

6.66
8.61
-1.95

Czech Republic
Production
Consumption
Balance

30.51
55.61
-25.10

3.64 3.41 55.77


3.28 3.62 79.02
0.37 -0.21 -23.24

France
Production
Consumption
Balance

21.57
18.43
3.14

48.70
62.65
-13.95

6.33 5.16 93.32


6.36 9.95 115.86
-0.02 -4.79 -22.54

Germany
Production
Consumption
Balance

1.05
0.50
0.55

4.42
2.67
1.75

10.46
5.17
5.29

1.63 2.34 19.89


3.62 2.80 14.76
-1.99 -0.46 5.14

Greece
Production
Consumption
Balance

83.52
72.05
11.47

4.72
7.76
-3.04

14.61
8.01
6.60

34.85 -3.20 12.05 63.03


30.88 6.88 9.74 63.28
3.97 -10.08 2.31 -0.25

Italy
Production
Consumption
Balance

2.20
4.61
-2.40

58.63
45.51
13.12

6.10
9.37
-3.28

12.10
3.96
8.14

26.31 6.88 2.49 53.87


12.48 11.62 5.33 42.76
13.83 -4.74 -2.84 11.12

Netherlands
Production
Consumption
Balance

2.30
0.92
1.38

2.72
4.22
-1.50

22.84
26.50
-3.66

2.73
4.07
-1.34

4.03
3.67
0.37

12.52
12.40
0.11

2.90 2.12 24.30


0.37 3.64 24.15
2.54 -1.52 0.16

Poland
Production
Consumption
Balance

5.25
6.57
-1.32

2.07
1.41
0.65

0.29
1.40
-1.11

11.42
12.82
-1.40

1.55
2.04
-0.48

2.16
1.09
1.07

6.76
5.66
1.10

2.13 -0.69 11.91


1.10 1.86 11.75
1.03 -2.55 0.16

Portugal
Production
Consumption
Balance

4.10
4.09
0.00

0.62
0.40
0.22

1.72
2.12
-0.41

10.16
8.63
1.53

0.82
0.68
0.15

2.86
1.29
1.57

4.54
4.60
-0.06

0.40 0.89
0.41 1.88
-0.01 -0.99

Romania
Production
Consumption
Balance

0.15 0.56
0.11 0.61
0.04 -0.05

9.52
8.86
0.66

123

124

Refining Industry
Oil Product Balances

Countries (*)
(million tons)
2000

2005

LPG/
Naphtha

Gasoline

Middle
Distillates

Fuel Oil

Middle
Distillates

Fuel Oil

Spain
Production
Consumption
Balance

5.68
6.51
-0.83

9.96
8.53
1.43

23.74
30.33
-6.59

9.29
11.92
-2.63

5.67
6.48
-0.81

9.50 26.93
7.45 39.68
2.05 -12.75

10.51
13.54
-3.03

Sweden
Production
Consumption
Balance

0.69
1.44
-0.75

4.37
3.98
0.39

8.11
6.35
1.75

5.65
2.62
3.03

1.78
1.40
0.38

20.59
15.79
4.80

0.71
1.53
-0.82

4.27
4.07
0.20

6.94
5.81
1.13

5.58
3.22
2.36

3.05
2.59
0.47

20.55
17.21
3.34

Turkey
Production
Consumption
Balance

2.56
6.01
-3.45

2.74
3.62
-0.88

7.70
10.33
-2.63

7.08
7.09
-0.01

3.81
5.05
-1.24

23.89
32.10
-8.20

2.25
5.28
-3.03

3.61
2.67
0.94

9.58
12.55
-2.97

6.31
5.77
0.54

4.13
5.15
-1.02

25.89
31.42
-5.54

Ukraine
Production
Consumption
Balance

0.43
0.29
0.13

2.00
3.83
-1.83

3.24
4.95
-1.71

2.77
1.15
1.61

1.12
1.60
-0.48

9.55
11.82
-2.27

0.90
0.60
0.29

4.61
4.76
-0.15

6.85
5.75
1.09

5.87
0.62
5.25

1.29
2.32
-1.03

19.52
14.06
5.46

United Kingdom
Production
Consumption
Balance

9.63
5.24
4.39

23.44
21.46
1.99

37.67
38.99
-1.32

7.56
3.06
4.50

10.46
12.94
-2.48

88.76
81.68
7.08

12.56
6.62
5.94

22.62
18.78
3.84

36.66
43.48
-6.82

9.92
3.13
6.79

6.01
12.46
-6.45

87.76
84.47
3.29

Others Europe
Production
Consumption
Balance

11.22
7.94
3.28

22.48
21.13
1.36

40.21
49.47
-9.25

16.63
17.41
-0.78

10.13 100.68
15.45 111.40
-5.32 -10.72

15.90
9.48
6.42

25.94 45.67
21.28 59.34
4.66 -13.67

15.83
14.60
1.23

14.82 118.16
17.22 121.92
-2.40 -3.76

Russia and Central Asia


Production
Consumption
Balance

17.41
13.57
3.84

31.94
28.96
2.99

67.43
41.63
25.80

62.75
37.60
25.15

32.88 212.41
32.97 154.72
-0.09 57.69

28.18
17.07
11.11

38.40
32.44
5.96

81.18
44.30
36.88

71.51
27.41
44.11

30.01 249.28
32.05 153.27
-2.04 96.01

Russia
Production
Consumption
Balance

16.37
12.41
3.96

27.19
23.29
3.89

58.05
33.77
24.28

53.35
29.18
24.17

28.98 183.93
29.63 128.28
-0.65 55.65

25.72
15.43
10.30

32.05
26.30
5.75

70.11
35.96
34.15

62.37
20.00
42.37

27.15 217.39
28.39 126.07
-1.24 91.32

Kazakhstan
Production
Consumption
Balance

0.47
0.17
0.30

1.26
2.35
-1.10

2.23
2.96
-0.73

2.13
1.55
0.58

1.02
0.89
0.13

7.11
7.92
-0.81

1.30
0.30
1.00

2.36
2.42
-0.06

4.12
3.14
0.98

3.50
2.26
1.23

0.15
1.39
-1.24

11.42
9.50
1.93

Others Central Asia


Production
Consumption
Balance

0.57
0.99
-0.42

3.50
3.31
0.19

7.15
4.90
2.25

7.27
6.87
0.40

2.89
2.45
0.44

21.38
18.52
2.86

1.15
1.35
-0.19

3.99
3.73
0.27

6.95
5.20
1.75

5.65
5.15
0.50

2.72
2.28
0.44

20.46
17.70
2.76

(*) Data source: ICIS Consulting.

Other
Products

TOTAL

LPG/
Naphtha

8.42 57.10
12.50 69.79
-4.07 -12.70

Gasoline

Other
Products

TOTAL

6.90 59.50
13.90 81.04
-7.00 -21.54

Refining Industry
Oil Product
Oil - Production
Balances

2010
LPG/
Naphtha

Gasoline

2013

Middle
Distillates

Fuel Oil

Other
Products

TOTAL

LPG/
Naphtha

Gasoline

Middle
Distillates

Fuel Oil

Other
Products

TOTAL

5.11
6.56
-1.45

8.97 26.52
5.68 38.40
3.29 -11.88

4.49
10.41
-5.92

7.71 52.79
10.42 71.47
-2.71 -18.67

5.44
6.16
-0.73

7.94
4.66
3.29

31.95
33.30
-1.35

4.24
8.59
-4.34

8.57
7.52
1.05

58.14
60.23
-2.08

Spain
Production
Consumption
Balance

0.63
1.31
-0.68

3.96
3.42
0.55

8.07
6.03
2.04

5.19
3.09
2.11

2.36
1.54
0.83

20.23
15.38
4.84

0.51
1.30
-0.80

3.22
3.21
0.01

6.74
6.42
0.32

3.70
1.97
1.73

2.36
1.27
1.09

16.53
14.16
2.37

Sweden
Production
Consumption
Balance

1.26
5.59
-4.33

3.83
2.04
1.79

7.98
16.32
-8.35

2.63
0.99
1.64

3.81 19.50
6.61 31.55
-2.79 -12.05

0.89
5.44
-4.55

4.31
1.91
2.41

9.01
18.70
-9.69

1.26
0.75
0.50

4.46 19.93
8.26 35.06
-3.80 -15.13

Turkey
Production
Consumption
Balance

1.02
0.54
0.48

2.88
4.63
-1.76

4.24
5.97
-1.73

2.95
0.42
2.53

0.47
1.56
-1.09

11.56
13.13
-1.57

0.45
0.60
-0.15

1.25
4.50
-3.26

1.18
6.25
-5.07

0.71
0.29
0.42

0.65
1.28
-0.63

4.23
12.92
-8.69

Ukraine
Production
Consumption
Balance

9.26
5.74
3.53

20.05
14.62
5.43

33.12
41.91
-8.79

6.98
3.22
3.76

4.22
8.94
-4.72

73.63
74.42
-0.79

7.91
7.13
0.78

18.74 30.87
13.24 42.94
5.50 -12.08

5.79
2.28
3.52

-1.91 61.40
7.06 72.64
-8.97 -11.24

United Kingdom
Production
Consumption
Balance

15.09
9.66
5.43

24.29 43.77
19.09 63.11
5.20 -19.34

12.88
12.12
0.76

10.86 106.90
14.89 118.88
-4.03 -11.98

15.57
8.99
6.59

25.23 47.63
16.77 62.01
8.46 -14.39

12.38
9.26
3.12

11.69 112.51
13.56 110.60
-1.87
1.91

Others Europe
Production
Consumption
Balance

33.74
17.92
15.82

43.67
41.58
2.09

94.14
49.70
44.45

81.73
16.45
65.29

37.53 290.82
41.88 167.53
-4.35 123.29

39.14
20.85
18.29

46.47
43.62
2.85

99.14
55.94
43.20

84.43
19.61
64.82

52.93 322.11
45.98 185.99
6.95 136.12

Russia and Central Asia


Production
Consumption
Balance

30.09
16.56
13.53

35.95
33.36
2.59

81.10
39.58
41.52

75.00
12.94
62.06

33.83 255.97
32.41 134.85
1.42 121.12

35.00
18.97
16.03

38.72
34.69
4.03

85.98
44.80
41.18

77.68
14.10
63.58

48.79 286.17
39.85 152.41
8.93 133.75

Russia
Production
Consumption
Balance

2.22
0.34
1.88

2.93
3.45
-0.52

5.10
3.80
1.31

3.81
1.43
2.38

1.32
7.25
-5.93

15.38
16.27
-0.88

2.36
0.50
1.86

2.93
3.73
-0.80

5.34
4.29
1.05

3.96
3.59
0.37

1.41
3.76
-2.35

16.00
15.87
0.13

Kazakhstan
Production
Consumption
Balance

1.42
1.02
0.40

4.80
4.78
0.02

7.94
6.33
1.62

2.93
2.08
0.85

2.38
2.22
0.16

19.47
16.41
3.05

1.78
1.38
0.40

4.81
5.19
-0.38

7.83
6.85
0.98

2.79
1.92
0.87

2.73
2.36
0.37

19.94
17.71
2.23

Others Central Asia


Production
Consumption
Balance

125

126

Refining Industry
Oil Product Balances

Countries (*)
(million tons)
2000

2005

LPG/
Naphtha

Gasoline

Middle
Distillates

Fuel Oil

Other
Products

TOTAL

LPG/
Naphtha

Gasoline

Middle East
Production
Consumption
Balance

66.56
16.30
50.25

34.67 119.91
36.54 81.98
-1.87 37.93

85.16
58.63
26.53

Iran
Production
Consumption
Balance

5.81
3.97
1.84

9.82
11.53
-1.71

30.33
29.08
1.25

27.07
14.49
12.58

6.72
5.85
0.87

79.74
64.91
14.83

Iraq
Production
Consumption
Balance

2.54
1.63
0.91

3.82
3.89
-0.07

9.29
8.56
0.73

7.33
4.30
3.02

4.05
3.75
0.29

Kuwait
Production
Consumption
Balance

9.99
0.09
9.90

1.38
1.70
-0.33

17.41
0.94
16.47

8.64
5.46
3.19

4.56
3.23
1.33

Saudi Arabia
Production
Consumption
Balance

27.21
6.64
20.58

11.81
10.22
1.59

35.04
20.88
14.17

United Arab Emirates


Production
Consumption
Balance

13.19
0.39
12.80

1.27
1.95
-0.68

Others Middle East


Production
Consumption
Balance

7.82
3.60
4.22

6.58
7.25
-0.67

Middle
Distillates

Fuel Oil

27.05 333.34
37.02 230.47
-9.97 102.88

80.05
24.18
55.87

42.02 133.82
49.15 99.10
-7.13 34.72

82.79 32.01 370.69


67.43 44.27 284.14
15.36 -12.26 86.55

7.93
5.59
2.34

11.17
18.08
-6.91

31.27
31.21
0.06

25.98
13.65
12.34

5.57
8.64
-3.06

81.93
77.16
4.77

27.02
22.13
4.89

2.72
2.62
0.10

4.26
4.15
0.11

9.19
11.69
-2.50

5.78
3.38
2.40

2.96
2.69
0.27

24.91
24.53
0.38

41.97
11.42
30.56

10.53
0.12
10.42

2.80
2.10
0.70

19.96
1.62
18.34

9.19
9.38
-0.20

6.51
5.40
1.11

48.99
18.62
30.37

24.77
6.36 105.18
11.56 18.98 68.27
13.20 -12.62 36.91

34.08
10.84
23.25

13.45
12.80
0.65

41.86
25.22
16.64

26.88
9.40 125.67
16.75 19.66 85.26
10.14 -10.26 40.41

7.82
6.28
1.54

2.03
10.82
-8.79

0.88
0.34
0.54

25.19
19.79
5.41

14.68
0.43
14.25

1.87
3.22
-1.36

20.03
16.24
3.78

15.32
11.99
3.33

4.49
4.87
-0.38

54.24
43.95
10.29

10.11
4.60
5.52

8.47
8.80
-0.33

Africa
Production
Consumption
Balance

25.28 13.92 41.15


8.15 24.49 51.64
17.13 -10.57 -10.49

33.62
21.02
12.60

Algeria
Production
Consumption
Balance

13.77
1.71
12.06

2.11
1.90
0.20

7.59
4.11
3.47

Egypt
Production
Consumption
Balance

4.20
2.62
1.58

2.34
2.36
-0.02

Libya
Production
Consumption
Balance

3.46
1.12
2.34

Nigeria
Production
Consumption
Balance

1.39
0.04
1.35

9.67
1.30
6.79 13.18
2.88 -11.88

Other
Products

TOTAL

1.86
1.15
0.71

29.36
24.76
4.61

5.71
6.74
-1.02

59.83
53.81
6.02

21.89
22.58
-0.70

13.65
11.09
2.56

8.61 122.57
10.16 115.46
-1.56
7.11

27.11 18.64 48.20


10.26 29.01 61.35
16.84 -10.38 -13.15

36.85
23.70
13.15

5.53
0.19
5.33

1.68
2.20
-0.52

30.67
10.12
20.55

12.80
1.87
10.93

2.06
1.78
0.28

7.03
6.17
0.86

5.06
0.31
4.74

1.53
1.81
-0.28

28.46
11.93
16.53

7.51
10.02
-2.52

10.56
8.86
1.70

1.44
2.07
-0.63

26.04
25.92
0.12

4.82
3.68
1.14

3.39
2.95
0.44

10.59
10.80
-0.21

10.97
10.45
0.52

3.33
2.68
0.65

33.09
30.56
2.53

-0.15
1.80
-1.95

7.24
4.58
2.66

6.54
2.95
3.58

0.65
0.73
-0.08

17.73
11.18
6.55

3.83
1.32
2.51

0.80
2.33
-1.53

5.60
5.58
0.02

6.70
2.79
3.90

0.46
0.71
-0.26

17.38
12.73
4.65

0.97
5.12
-4.14

1.71
3.99
-2.28

1.38
0.49
0.90

0.73
1.02
-0.29

6.19
10.65
-4.47

2.66
0.07
2.59

1.74
7.22
-5.48

3.43
4.13
-0.70

2.86
0.91
1.94

1.15
1.88
-0.73

11.84
14.22
-2.38

(*) Data source: ICIS Consulting.

12.14 142.93
14.48 138.81
-2.35
4.12

Refining Industry
Oil Product
Oil - Production
Balances

2010
LPG/
Naphtha

Gasoline

Middle
Distillates

2013
Fuel Oil

Other
Products

TOTAL

LPG/
Naphtha

Gasoline

Middle
Distillates

Fuel Oil

Other
Products

TOTAL

94.48 46.02 137.59


34.37 59.05 118.88
60.11 -13.03 18.71

84.38 42.32 404.78 106.49 50.99 143.83


70.90 69.76 352.96 39.37 66.13 126.21
13.48 -27.44 51.82 67.12 -15.13 17.62

83.50 42.27 427.08


72.18 79.46 383.35
11.32 -37.20 43.73

Middle East
Production
Consumption
Balance

14.27
9.95
4.32

12.04
16.49
-4.45

33.64
34.92
-1.29

25.99
16.93
9.06

10.11
6.61
3.51

96.04
84.90
11.15

15.80
9.86
5.94

15.22
17.02
-1.80

35.21
34.76
0.45

24.01
15.85
8.16

10.56 100.80
8.07 85.56
2.49 15.24

Iran
Production
Consumption
Balance

1.42
1.48
-0.06

3.37
5.23
-1.86

7.45
13.89
-6.45

12.22
5.29
6.93

2.64
5.02
-2.38

27.10
30.91
-3.81

2.05
1.78
0.27

3.95
6.68
-2.73

8.94
15.34
-6.41

13.93
3.58
10.35

2.34
6.94
-4.61

31.20
34.33
-3.13

Iraq
Production
Consumption
Balance

12.55
1.38
11.17

2.24
3.08
-0.83

19.33
4.18
15.15

10.86
7.90
2.96

7.04
5.99
1.05

52.01
22.53
29.48

12.68
1.56
11.12

2.14
2.67
-0.53

20.16
3.87
16.29

10.90
6.67
4.23

7.33
6.26
1.08

53.21
21.03
32.18

Kuwait
Production
Consumption
Balance

31.28
15.36
15.92

16.13
17.81
-1.68

38.16
33.25
4.90

24.56 12.55 122.66


15.70 42.30 124.41
8.86 -29.76 -1.75

31.17
19.26
11.90

15.85
21.66
-5.82

36.05
38.05
-2.00

25.11 13.92 122.09


20.66 45.72 145.36
4.45 -31.81 -23.26

Saudi Arabia
Production
Consumption
Balance

15.57
1.16
14.42

2.25
4.13
-1.88

10.46
0.97
9.12 14.49
1.35 -13.52

2.38
1.83
0.55

31.63
30.71
0.92

19.71
1.27
18.44

3.77
5.06
-1.29

12.02
0.78
9.98 16.29
2.04 -15.52

19.40
5.05
14.34

9.99
12.32
-2.33

28.56
23.51
5.05

9.79
10.61
-0.82

7.61
8.01
-0.41

75.34
59.50
15.84

25.09
5.65
19.45

10.07
13.03
-2.97

31.44
24.21
7.24

8.78
9.12
-0.34

31.06 19.35 49.79


12.64 36.67 77.15
18.42 -17.32 -27.36

29.75
20.95
8.80

8.05 138.00
9.35 156.76
-1.29 -18.76

30.33 19.44 45.29


12.02 40.90 80.52
18.31 -21.47 -35.23

25.88
17.56
8.32

3.41
3.33
0.08

39.68
35.92
3.76

United Arab Emirates


Production
Consumption
Balance

4.71
9.15
-4.44

80.09
61.15
18.94

Others Middle East


Production
Consumption
Balance

8.10 129.03
7.59 158.58
0.51 -29.56

Africa
Production
Consumption
Balance

15.51
2.04
13.47

2.93
2.70
0.24

9.22
8.73
0.49

5.75
0.27
5.48

1.09
1.77
-0.68

34.49
15.50
18.99

15.58
2.16
13.42

2.24
3.54
-1.30

8.47
10.57
-2.10

5.87
0.21
5.66

1.10
1.80
-0.70

33.27
18.29
14.98

Algeria
Production
Consumption
Balance

4.81
4.61
0.20

4.12
5.15
-1.04

10.44
13.15
-2.71

8.85
6.69
2.16

2.81
2.18
0.63

31.03
31.79
-0.76

4.44
4.89
-0.44

4.56
6.57
-2.01

8.94
13.74
-4.80

9.29
5.72
3.57

2.28
1.88
0.41

29.51
32.79
-3.28

Egypt
Production
Consumption
Balance

3.83
1.38
2.46

0.70
3.26
-2.57

6.90
6.48
0.42

7.53
3.30
4.23

0.48
0.81
-0.33

19.43
15.22
4.21

2.32
0.30
2.03

0.63
3.07
-2.43

3.60
3.34
0.26

3.34
2.02
1.33

0.20
0.40
-0.20

10.10
9.12
0.98

Libya
Production
Consumption
Balance

3.46
0.28
3.18

0.75
7.71
-6.96

1.60
3.22
-1.63

0.99
1.06
-0.07

1.29
0.95
0.34

8.08
13.22
-5.14

4.00
0.34
3.67

1.03
9.00
-7.97

1.55
3.77
-2.23

0.98
1.30
-0.32

0.56
0.87
-0.31

8.13
15.28
-7.15

Nigeria
Production
Consumption
Balance

127

128

Refining Industry
Oil Product Balances

Countries (*)
(million tons)
2000

2005

LPG/
Naphtha

Gasoline

Middle
Distillates

Fuel Oil

Other
Products

TOTAL

LPG/
Naphtha

Gasoline

Middle
Distillates

Fuel Oil

Other
Products

TOTAL

South Africa
Production
Consumption
Balance

0.26
0.36
-0.10

5.48
7.69
-2.21

6.99
7.85
-0.86

3.38
2.91
0.47

2.20
1.76
0.44

18.31
20.57
-2.26

0.31
0.35
-0.04

6.84
8.26
-1.42

10.13
9.45
0.67

4.21
2.87
1.35

3.71
3.45
0.27

25.20
24.38
0.82

Others Africa
Production
Consumption
Balance

2.19
2.30
-0.11

3.18
5.62
-2.45

10.12
21.08
-10.96

6.24
5.62
0.62

1.90 23.63
2.39 37.02
-0.49 -13.39

2.69
2.98
-0.29

3.81
6.47
-2.66

11.43
25.23
-13.80

7.07
6.37
0.70

1.97 26.97
3.96 45.00
-1.99 -18.04

Asia - Pacific
Production
Consumption
Balance

113.13 147.59 378.82 144.67 126.88 911.07 147.46 174.55 447.86 134.55 156.52 1,060.94
160.62 144.12 388.73 183.96 136.41 1,013.84 199.30 172.69 445.53 177.16 171.70 1,166.36
-47.49
3.46 -9.91 -39.30 -9.53 -102.77 -51.84
1.87
2.33 -42.62 -15.17 -105.42

Australia
Production
Consumption
Balance

3.64
2.47
1.17

13.86
13.46
0.40

16.49
16.09
0.40

1.66
2.05
-0.39

China
Production
Consumption
Balance

21.43
25.57
-4.14

41.35
35.17
6.18

78.60
79.55
-0.94

India
Production
Consumption
Balance

16.99
18.29
-1.30

8.18
6.72
1.46

Indonesia
Production
Consumption
Balance

5.88
3.07
2.80

Japan
Production
Consumption
Balance

36.69
39.07
-2.38

3.13
2.02
1.11

17.59
35.78
-18.19

45.72 204.69
42.80 218.86
2.93 -14.17

51.76
55.62
-3.86

10.61
12.44
-1.82

22.40 109.94
17.28 110.35
5.12 -0.41

8.58
9.16
-0.58

22.03
31.42
-9.39

10.70
5.74
4.96

4.97
5.63
-0.66

17.83
53.18
-35.35

41.12
43.01
-1.89

91.07
94.88
-3.80

34.07
34.11
-0.04

Malaysia
Production
Consumption
Balance

4.77
2.45
2.33

3.71
6.08
-2.38

10.81
9.58
1.23

2.55
2.70
-0.15

1.82
1.14
0.68

23.66
21.95
1.72

Singapore
Production
Consumption
Balance

6.43
4.24
2.19

3.94
0.67
3.27

19.89
7.67
12.22

6.49
25.10
-18.61

5.08
3.10
1.99

South Korea
Production
Consumption
Balance

21.03
32.57
-11.53

9.51
7.31
2.19

49.83
30.87
18.96

31.67
24.41
7.26

(*) Data source: ICIS Consulting.

1.03
5.00
-3.97

0.86
1.89
-1.03

1.06 32.93
9.24 46.37
-8.18 -13.44

37.66
42.16
-4.50

55.60 120.27 15.27


49.82 124.85 40.01
5.78 -4.58 -24.75

63.34 292.14
61.69 318.53
1.65 -26.39

23.47
23.79
-0.32

10.66
8.81
1.86

63.77
52.94
10.83

14.37
12.85
1.52

24.94 137.20
27.08 125.46
-2.14 11.74

4.78
3.14
1.64

8.58
13.82
-5.24

20.66
35.67
-15.01

8.52
4.71
3.81

7.03 49.56
6.29 63.63
0.74 -14.07

23.10 207.19 20.63


39.07 264.24 51.94
-15.97 -57.05 -31.31

41.51
44.74
-3.22

90.37
89.16
1.21

30.36 22.73 205.61


30.94 39.57 256.35
-0.58 -16.84 -50.74

7.10
5.01
2.09

4.04
7.82
-3.78

12.18
10.90
1.27

1.79
2.27
-0.48

3.17
1.56
1.61

28.27
27.56
0.71

41.83
40.78
1.05

5.74
6.58
-0.85

7.62
0.70
6.92

26.39
10.33
16.06

10.00
27.58
-17.58

8.70
2.49
6.21

58.44
47.69
10.76

8.77 120.80
10.89 106.04
-2.11 14.76

22.51
37.20
-14.68

9.22
6.97
2.26

47.93
29.61
18.32

29.34
21.67
7.67

6.65 115.66
9.68 105.13
-3.03 10.53

52.17
55.03
-2.86

12.27
14.17
-1.90

15.62
19.05
-3.43

Refining Industry
Oil Product
Oil - Production
Balances

2010

2013

LPG/
Naphtha

Gasoline

Middle
Distillates

Fuel Oil

Other
Products

TOTAL

LPG/
Naphtha

Gasoline

Middle
Distillates

Fuel Oil

Other
Products

TOTAL

0.28
0.35
-0.08

7.39
8.63
-1.24

10.56
12.36
-1.80

2.28
2.16
0.13

-0.40
-2.04
1.64

20.11
21.47
-1.36

0.32
0.38
-0.06

7.16
8.33
-1.17

10.19
13.66
-3.47

1.94
2.05
-0.11

0.90
-2.92
3.81

20.50
21.51
-1.01

South Africa
Production
Consumption
Balance

3.17
3.98
-0.80

3.46 11.07
9.21 33.21
-5.75 -22.14

4.36
7.47
-3.11

2.79 24.85
5.68 59.55
-2.90 -34.70

3.66
3.96
-0.30

3.82 12.54
10.40 35.43
-6.58 -22.89

4.45
6.26
-1.81

3.05 27.53
5.56 61.61
-2.51 -34.08

Others Africa
Production
Consumption
Balance

175.93 220.18 539.86 106.16 182.73 1,224.85 194.78 253.01 597.62 91.06 177.38 1,313.85
245.35 210.54 508.74 167.75 203.67 1,336.05 267.35 244.82 559.13 155.75 222.40 1,449.46
-69.42
9.64 31.12 -61.59 -20.93 -111.19 -72.57
8.19 38.49 -64.69 -45.02 -135.62

Asia - Pacific
Production
Consumption
Balance

3.42
1.93
1.49

11.85
13.82
-1.97

11.34
25.29
-13.95

1.40
1.49
-0.08

3.18 30.05
8.92 51.34
-5.74 -21.29

Australia
Production
Consumption
Balance

77.05 424.96
88.45 445.04
-11.39 -20.08

72.44 102.55 212.37


77.74 98.17 206.40
-5.30
4.38
5.98

16.95
29.17
-12.22

76.23 480.54
89.22 500.69
-12.99 -20.16

China
Production
Consumption
Balance

18.01
16.14
1.87

39.27 204.60
35.40 163.82
3.86 40.78

29.88
28.06
1.82

33.07 120.79
17.46 89.19
15.61 31.60

13.56
8.80
4.77

38.77 236.08
42.44 185.95
-3.67 50.13

India
Production
Consumption
Balance

6.74
3.32
3.42

6.97 48.31
6.95 69.91
0.02 -21.60

6.70
7.40
-0.70

9.82
23.90
-14.08

17.95
34.66
-16.72

5.25
3.45
1.80

5.28 45.00
6.59 76.00
-1.30 -31.00

Indonesia
Production
Consumption
Balance

17.70 176.51
32.77 209.53
-15.07 -33.02

19.03
46.74
-27.71

40.06
40.37
-0.32

73.69
65.03
8.66

20.11 16.86 169.74


23.69 42.40 218.23
-3.58 -25.54 -48.49

Japan
Production
Consumption
Balance

26.47
28.46
-2.00

6.80
6.01
0.79

4.50
9.15
-4.65

13.62
12.98
0.64

0.83
1.65
-0.82

30.31
32.85
-2.54

Malaysia
Production
Consumption
Balance

8.80 56.87
2.58 70.57
6.22 -13.71

5.14
10.33
-5.20

9.85
0.91
8.94

26.30
4.02
15.52 44.29
10.79 -40.27

7.69 53.00
2.48 73.52
5.22 -20.52

Singapore
Production
Consumption
Balance

11.89 118.35 24.33


12.84 108.10 47.75
-0.95 10.25 -23.43

15.89
8.64
7.25

11.58 122.82
12.22 109.46
-0.64 13.36

South Korea
Production
Consumption
Balance

13.38
22.66
-9.28

0.48
1.68
-1.20

0.71 29.84
8.55 48.64
-7.85 -18.80

64.99
69.80
-4.81

78.16 185.32
73.42 180.82
4.74
4.50

19.44
32.56
-13.12

26.72
24.72
2.00

25.97
14.17
11.80

94.64
73.39
21.25

6.58
6.68
-0.10

9.86 18.17
18.85 34.11
-8.99 -15.94

18.59
47.09
-28.50

43.31
42.53
0.79

76.82
66.72
10.10

20.09
20.43
-0.34

7.27
5.77
1.50

3.75
9.11
-5.37

11.66
11.24
0.42

0.33
0.65
-0.32

4.79
9.11
-4.32

9.45
0.90
8.55

27.52
14.49
13.02

6.32
43.50
-37.18

21.35
43.15
-21.80

12.88
8.08
4.80

55.38
28.56
26.82

16.85
15.47
1.38

3.47
1.70
1.76

3.32
1.96
1.36

10.81
13.69
-2.88

59.16
27.85
31.31

11.86
13.00
-1.14

4.56
3.06
1.50

129

130

Refining Industry
Oil Product Balances

Countries (*)
(million tons)
2000

2005

LPG/
Naphtha

Gasoline

Middle
Distillates

Fuel Oil

Other
Products

TOTAL

LPG/
Naphtha

Gasoline

Middle
Distillates

Fuel Oil

Other
Products

TOTAL

Taiwan
Production
Consumption
Balance

5.26
7.33
-2.07

5.38
7.07
-1.69

6.77
7.94
-1.18

13.46
15.85
-2.39

7.29
4.46
2.83

38.15
42.66
-4.51

6.59
13.30
-6.71

12.03
7.90
4.13

15.76
8.40
7.36

10.28
10.72
-0.43

9.85
5.67
4.18

54.51
45.99
8.52

Thailand
Production
Consumption
Balance

6.55
7.99
-1.44

5.98
4.99
0.99

17.46
15.46
2.00

5.98
6.02
-0.04

3.53
3.21
0.32

39.50
37.67
1.83

9.79
9.59
0.20

6.89
5.42
1.47

21.34
20.02
1.31

5.58
5.85
-0.28

5.72
4.08
1.64

49.30
44.96
4.34

Others Asia - Pacific


Production
Consumption
Balance

3.33
3.47
-0.14

5.99 14.10
10.47 39.65
-4.48 -25.55

9.89
19.79
-9.90

3.16 36.46
3.84 77.22
-0.68 -40.76

6.07
4.57
1.51

Americas
Production
Consumption
Balance

3.35 37.32
4.35 84.70
-0.99 -47.38

111.34 456.65 401.97 121.01 171.03 1,261.99 100.78 478.55 422.89 105.93 175.27 1,283.43
115.88 468.68 408.19 126.58 187.30 1,306.63 115.54 507.69 435.97 118.14 183.79 1,361.13
-4.54 -12.04 -6.22 -5.57 -16.28 -44.64 -14.76 -29.14 -13.08 -12.21 -8.52 -77.70

Argentina
Production
Consumption
Balance

3.76
1.93
1.83

5.38
3.48
1.90

11.45
11.54
-0.09

1.62
1.03
0.59

Brazil
Production
Consumption
Balance

11.87
16.65
-4.78

23.06
21.66
1.40

28.90
34.76
-5.86

Canada
Production
Consumption
Balance

12.63
7.39
5.23

31.86
28.37
3.49

Mexico
Production
Consumption
Balance

9.69
10.54
-0.84

16.54
22.07
-5.53

United States
Production
Consumption
Balance

59.15 343.72 255.81


70.36 364.32 276.30
-11.21 -20.61 -20.49

27.89
26.37
1.51

5.17
2.12
3.06

4.49
2.73
1.76

12.08
11.70
0.38

2.56
1.91
0.66

6.30
8.37
-2.07

30.61
26.82
3.79

16.53
13.28
3.25

1.84 82.20
5.95 92.31
-4.12 -10.11

12.29
15.77
-3.48

25.54
23.72
1.82

34.95
38.00
-3.05

15.09
9.24
5.85

2.20
4.90
-2.70

90.08
91.63
-1.55

34.02
29.94
4.08

6.28
6.34
-0.07

14.88
19.67
-4.79

99.66
91.71
7.95

12.58
8.61
3.97

33.21
30.22
2.99

36.76
32.35
4.41

8.54
8.19
0.35

15.20
18.13
-2.93

21.43
27.66
-6.23

14.33 77.19
10.03 88.43
4.31 -11.23

10.44
10.45
0.00

19.86
28.48
-8.62

17.71
19.70
-1.98

17.35
19.15
-1.80

5.68
8.39
-2.71

11.66 102.75
22.38 101.75
-10.72
1.00
19.49
11.72
7.77

84.85
89.48
-4.63

34.01 110.42 803.11 46.78 358.65 261.67 23.85 111.79 802.72


49.93 123.20 884.11 69.03 392.71 289.78 50.42 115.26 917.21
-15.92 -12.78 -81.00 -22.26 -34.07 -28.12 -26.57 -3.48 -114.49

Venezuela
Production
Consumption
Balance

7.40
2.25
5.15

13.79
9.05
4.75

18.63
4.46
14.17

13.48
2.14
11.33

Others Americas
Production
Consumption
Balance

6.84
6.76
0.09

22.30
19.74
2.56

37.97
33.07
4.90

27.67
26.19
1.48

World
Production
Consumption
Balance

6.13 13.57
8.19
12.53 44.59 18.67
-6.40 -31.02 -10.48

7.02
5.32
1.71

60.32
23.22
37.10

6.03
2.59
3.44

14.55
10.38
4.17

16.44
6.20
10.23

11.62
2.90
8.72

16.85 111.63
14.74 100.50
2.11 11.13

7.50
6.98
0.52

22.25
19.45
2.80

43.28
38.24
5.04

26.91
26.34
0.57

7.98
5.01
2.97

56.62
27.08
29.53

15.87 115.80
16.16 107.16
-0.29
8.65

407.48 840.08 1,331.32 555.97 445.04 3,579.89 472.39 918.15 1,477.23 546.27 481.65 3,895.69
399.51 844.69 1,314.26 541.92 520.73 3,621.10 461.48 917.64 1,466.41 520.11 565.77 3,931.42
7.97
-4.61
17.06 14.05 -75.69 -41.21 10.91
0.50 10.82 26.16 -84.12 -35.72

(*) Data source: ICIS Consulting.

Refining Industry
Oil Product
Oil - Production
Balances

2010

2013

LPG/
Naphtha

Gasoline

Middle
Distillates

Fuel Oil

Other
Products

TOTAL

LPG/
Naphtha

Gasoline

Middle
Distillates

Fuel Oil

Other
Products

TOTAL

3.86
17.62
-13.77

10.96
7.22
3.75

15.88
8.18
7.70

6.61
7.51
-0.91

11.16
4.36
6.80

48.46
44.89
3.57

6.27
18.19
-11.92

10.24
7.23
3.01

16.66
7.82
8.84

4.08
5.14
-1.06

10.02
3.95
6.07

47.26
42.33
4.94

Taiwan
Production
Consumption
Balance

12.31
14.18
-1.87

6.40
5.43
0.97

25.20
19.64
5.56

5.41
2.49
2.92

1.93
3.89
-1.96

51.25
45.63
5.62

14.61
17.37
-2.77

7.20
6.00
1.19

27.66
22.72
4.94

5.62
2.05
3.57

-0.48
4.47
-4.95

54.60
52.61
1.99

Thailand
Production
Consumption
Balance

7.59 15.90
17.02 48.94
-9.43 -33.04

5.89
24.01
-18.12

3.79 39.23
6.17 101.44
-2.38 -62.21

6.27
5.79
0.48

9.03 18.08
19.31 51.68
-10.28 -33.60

7.39
23.04
-15.65

3.69 44.46
6.67 106.49
-2.98 -62.03

Others Asia - Pacific


Production
Consumption
Balance

90.77 131.13 1,222.49 111.89 490.71 446.16


85.66 112.59 1,257.33 115.08 523.14 453.37
5.12 18.54 -34.84
-3.19 -32.43
-7.21

85.69 126.88 1,261.33


72.37 123.71 1,287.66
13.33
3.17 -26.33

Americas
Production
Consumption
Balance

6.07
5.30
0.77

102.40 488.99 409.20


108.89 523.02 427.18
-6.49 -34.02 -17.98
4.76
1.88
2.88

4.51
4.68
-0.17

11.52
13.64
-2.12

3.40
3.78
-0.38

5.83
7.72
-1.89

30.02
31.71
-1.69

3.62
1.76
1.85

5.66
6.18
-0.52

11.07
13.01
-1.94

3.41
3.68
-0.28

5.50
6.79
-1.29

29.25
31.43
-2.18

Argentina
Production
Consumption
Balance

10.93
17.56
-6.63

35.83
35.58
0.24

37.25
47.91
-10.66

14.36
9.04
5.32

-4.53 93.84
-1.10 108.99
-3.43 -15.16

9.32
16.74
-7.42

39.93
40.98
-1.05

44.95
55.73
-10.78

14.76
10.90
3.86

-4.15 104.82
2.74 127.09
-6.89 -22.27

Brazil
Production
Consumption
Balance

10.96
9.68
1.28

33.58
30.55
3.03

35.99
32.01
3.98

6.66
5.64
1.01

90.73
97.20
-6.47

9.04
13.66
-4.62

32.08
30.29
1.79

35.81
33.99
1.82

6.32
3.40
2.92

2.65 85.91
19.69 101.03
-17.04 -15.12

Canada
Production
Consumption
Balance

7.80
9.42
-1.62

17.85
34.06
-16.21

15.43
22.51
-7.08

16.41
10.45
5.97

14.38 71.87
10.56 86.99
3.82 -15.12

7.36
9.11
-1.76

18.01
33.38
-15.37

17.13
23.80
-6.67

14.79
10.68
4.11

16.56 73.84
11.31 88.29
5.25 -14.44

Mexico
Production
Consumption
Balance

55.46 365.00 263.14


59.39 385.40 255.97
-3.93 -20.40
7.17

16.12
29.33
-13.21

87.33 787.06
55.04 785.13
32.29
1.93

70.23 367.57 295.59


60.53 375.94 265.30
9.70 -8.38 30.29

12.25
17.61
-5.37

85.48 831.11
63.92 783.30
21.57 47.81

United States
Production
Consumption
Balance

3.56
19.32
-15.76

5.35
3.01
2.33

13.29
11.98
1.31

16.01
8.76
7.25

11.77
3.12
8.65

12.59
6.78
5.81

59.00
33.65
25.35

5.14
4.79
0.35

12.30
12.96
-0.66

15.63
10.36
5.27

13.67
2.88
10.79

10.90
6.96
3.94

57.63
37.95
19.68

Venezuela
Production
Consumption
Balance

7.15
7.95
-0.79

18.94
20.77
-1.83

29.86
46.39
-16.53

22.06
24.30
-2.24

11.97 89.99
14.26 113.66
-2.28 -23.67

7.19
8.49
-1.30

15.16 25.98
23.41 51.17
-8.25 -25.19

20.51
23.21
-2.70

9.94 78.77
12.30 118.58
-2.36 -39.80

Others Americas
Production
Consumption
Balance

516.89 966.38 1,555.10 465.60 469.88 3,973.84 552.67 998.89 1,650.24 424.54 466.02 4,092.36
512.40 976.30 1,569.91 440.39 530.46 4,029.47 545.88 1,011.91 1,651.96 400.05 561.54 4,171.33
4.48
-9.93 -14.81 25.21 -60.58 -55.62
6.79 -13.01
-1.72 24.49 -95.52 -78.97

World
Production
Consumption
Balance

131

eni spa
Headquarters
Piazzale Enrico Mattei, 1 - Rome - Italy
Capital Stock: 4,005,358,876.00 fully paid up
Rome Companies Register Tax Identification Number 00484960588
Branches
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Web site
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Produced by
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Artwork
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September 2014

2 014

Wo r ld Oi l a nd G as Re v ie w 2014