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Trends in Biosciences 8(2), Print : ISSN 0974-8, 305-307, 2015

Effect of Pulsing on Post Postharvest Life and Quality of Cut Anthurium


Flowers (Anthurium andraeanum L.) cv. Xavia
H.A. SAHARE AND ALKA SINGH
Department of Floriculture and Landscape Architecture, ASPEE college of Horticulture and
Forestry NAU, Navsari, Gujarat, India 396 450
email :homrajsahare82@gmail.com
ABSTRACT
The present investigation was conducted to study the
effect of growth regulators and sucrose viz., Benzyl
adenine (BA), Gibberellic acid (GA3), Salasilic
acidalong with 4% sucrose as a pulse treatment on
post-harvest quality and life of anthurium flowers.
Treatments of pulsing with 10 mg/l BA and10 mg/l
GA3+4% sugar significantly enhancedvase life and
delayedflower abscission up to 19 days as compared
to control (12days). Further, similar pulsing
treatments improved physiological parameters like
water uptake (ml), exhibited spike fresh weight (%)
and diminished electrolyte leakage (%) in flower
spathe and improve flower quality as it decreased color
fading in spathetissue as compared to control.
Key words

Vase life, BA, GA3,FW, postharvest life


and Electrolyte leakage

flower spadix mature).Flower stems were cut to


maintain 30 cm stem length and were placed in
pulsing chemical containing conical flask along
with alone RO water. The maximum and minimum
laboratory day and night temperature fluctuated
between 20 -25 0C and 17- 20 0C, respectively
during the course of investigation. The experiment
was laid out in the completely randomized design
consisting of eight treatments including control
viz., T1- GA3 10 mg/lit + Sucrose 4%, T2GA3 25
mg/lit + Sucrose 4%, T3 BA10 mg/lit + Sucrose
4%,T4 BA25 mg/lit + Sucrose 4%,T5SA 10 mg/lit
+ Sucrose 4%,T6-SA 10 mg/lit + Sucrose 4%T7Sucrose 4% and T8-control(distilled water). The
treatments were repeated thrice and 10 flowers
were used in each treatment.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION


Effect on water uptake and Fresh weight

Anthuriums are grown for their great aesthetic


value and showy flowers. They are very popular in
flower arrangements for their bold effect and good
keeping quality. The senescence of cut flowers of
anthurium is accompanied by visible changes like
gloss-loss, spadix necrosis and finally stem collapse
(Paull, 1982). The life of anthurium flowers is
apparently limited by the development of water
deficit (Watson and Shirakawa, 1967). This
research aimed to use pulsingtreatments and floral
additives to delay senescence of anthurium and to
examine quality parameters and vase life of
anthurium in variety Xavia. An understanding of
changing patterns in weight, colour, vase lifeand
electrolyte leakage will assist in developing
commercial postharvest handling procedures to
extend postharvest life and maintain flower quality.

MATERIALS AND METHODS


Cut anthurium (Anthurium andraeanum L.
Xavia) flowers grown in fan and poly houses at
ASPEE College of Horticulture and Forestry NAU,
Navsari Gujarat, during 2013 -14.Fresh anthurium
flowers were harvested at early morning hours
when the spadix almost fully developed (33 %

All treatments as pulse improved water uptake


and fresh weight retention in the anthurium flowers
as compared to untreated (control). Fresh weigh
retention and water uptake was higher in the pulsed
flowers over control as recorded at different
intervals throughout the vase life period.
Significantly maximum total water uptake
(90.33 ml) and higher per cent fresh weight
retention (20.20 and 19.86 %) was observed in
anthurium cut stems treated with 10 mg/l BA+ 4
% sucrose pulse treatmentwhich was followed by
25 mg/l BA+ 4 % sucrose treatment (18.62 ml and
17.69 %) at 8thand 10thDAT as compared to control
that recorded minimum total water uptake (55.54
ml) and lowest fresh weight retention (14.03 and
12.36 %, respectively), as shown in Table 1.Higher
water uptake and per cent fresh weight in all pulse
treatments might be due to the normal condition of
the spathe cells as indicated by low electrolyte
leakage. The higher intake of the sugars in the petal
cells from the vase solution is known to enhance
water uptake due to osmotic pull in cut flowers
(Ho and Nicholus, 1975). Further, delayed
senescence with pulse treatments also contributed

306

Trends in Biosciences 8 (2), 2015

Table 1. Effect of pulse treatments on total water uptake and per cent fresh weight of
anthurium flowers cv. Xavia
Per cent fresh
weight (%)
8th DAT

Per cent fresh


weight (%)
10th DAT

Total water uptake


(ml)

T1-(BA 10 mg/l+4% Sucrose)

20.20

19.86

90.33

T2-(BA 25 mg/l +4% Sucrose)

18.02

17.69

88.15

T3-(GA3 10 mg/l + 4 % Sucrose)

15.23

14.90

78.12

T4-(GA3 25 mg/l + 4 %Sucrose)

15.09

15.09

71.37

T5- (SA10 mg/l + 4% Sucrose)

17.47

16.80

83.00

T6- (SA10 mg/l + 4% Sucrose)

16.36

16.03

81.59

T7- (Control)

14.03

12.36

55.54

S Em +

0.16

0.31

0.52

CD

0.49

0.95

1.57

CV%

1.67

3.37

1.14

Treatment

to increase in total water uptake and fresh weight


retention. The present findings are in line with the
earlier reports of Paull and Goo, 1985 and Salvi, et
al., 1997.The balance between the rate of water
uptake and the rate of transpiration is directly related
to Anthurium flower turgidity and flower keeping
quality (Sankat and Mujaffar, 1994).

with uptake of more vase solution and retained fresh


weight with the treatments involving benzyl adenine
(10 and 25 ppm with 4 per cent sucrose). These
investigations are also in agreement with the reports
of Watson and Shrikawa (1967) who has observed
limited vase life in anthurium flowers apparently
due to the development of water deficit.

Effect of Vase Life and Electrolyte leakage

Flower Colour

Non-treated flowers (controls) held in RO


water showed the minimum vase life(11.86 days).
The vase life of Anthurium cut flowers was
significantly increased bypulse solutions treatments
comprising of PGRs as compared with controls
(Table 1). Vase life is also known to be associated

In general there was fading in spathe with


approaching senescence. However, the anthurium
flower treated with PGRs (BA, GA 3 and SA)
showed better color retention. Color retention was
maximum (with pinkish hue in the spathe) observed
in BA treated flowers.

Table 2. Effect of pulse treatments on electrolyte leakage, and vase life of Anthurium flowers
cv. Xavia
Electrolyte
Leakage
(%) 8th DAT

Electrolyte
Leakage
(%) 10th
DAT

Electrolyte
Leakage
(%) 12th DAT

Vase life
(days)

T1-(BA 10 mg/l+4% Sucrose)

82.37

93.50

95.45

19.00

T2-(BA 25 mg/l +4% Sucrose)

84.25

95.23

97.79

17.00

T3-(GA3 10 mg/l + 4 % Sucrose)

94.16

112.10

115.35

15.67

T4-(GA3 25 mg/l + 4 %Sucrose)

95.23

115.00

116.41

14.67

T5- (SA10 mg/l + 4% Sucrose)

87.20

97.16

99.34

16.33

T6- (SA10 mg/l + 4% Sucrose)

88.50

98.19

101.04

15.67

T7- (Control)

101.67

122.33

125.33

13.33

S Em +

0.68

0.62

0.94

0.42

CD

2.07

1.87

2.85

1.27

CV%

1.31

1.02

1.52

4.58

Treatment

SAHARE and SINGH, Effect of Pulsing on Post Postharvest Life and Quality of Cut Anthurium Flowers

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
I am thankful to the Principle and Dean ASPEE
College Horticulture & Forestry, NAU for their
support and contribution during the experiment
period.

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307

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Received on 17-12-2014

Accepted on 22-12-2014