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STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE

FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &


BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
00
Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 1 of 6

AMENDMENT RECORD SHEET

Sl. No.
1

Page No.
All Pages

1&3

All Pages

Issue/ Revision Number


Date
New
Date
0
25.02.201
2

Summary
of Change
New for
Operation of
Boiler & Turbine

25.02.20
12

1-Jan

04.05.201
2

New
Key
Performance
Indicators
has
been introduced.

1/0

04.05.20
12

2/0

20.06.201
3

New format of
has been
introduced &
entire reviewed.

Old
-

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

1.0

1.0 Objective:

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
00
Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 2 of 6

This procedure is used as work instruction for boiler operator,

turbine operator, desk


Engineer, shift in charge.

2.0

Scope: This is applicable for operation of boiler and turbine by adapting operational parameter.

3.0 Key Performance Indicator:


a) Plant Load Factor
b) Auxiliary Power Consumption
c) Specific Oil Consumption
d) Reportable accident

4.0 Responsibility: HOD, Operation

Prepared by: DM & SM

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Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
00
Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 3 of 6

5.0 Procedure:
This standard operating procedure shall comprise of the following Standard Operation
Procedures (s), describing the operation methods for the process equipments.
INDEX:1: OPERATION OF LDO STORAGE & HANDLING SYSTEM
2: OPERATION OF CW & ACW PUMP
3: OPERATION OF AIR COMPRESSOR
4: OPERATION OF DMCCW SYSTEM
5: OPERATION OF ID FAN
6: OPERATION OF HIGH PRESSURE FLUIDIZING SYSTEM
7: OPERATION OF SECONDARY AIR FAN
8: OPERATION OF PRIMARY AIR FAN
9: OPERATION FOR COLD START UP OF BOILER
10: OPERATION OF SOOT BLOWER
11: OPERATION OF OIL SYSTEM OF TURBINE
12: OPERATION OF EH OIL SYSTEM
13: OPERATION OF CONDENSATE EXTRACTION PUMP
14: OPERATION OF CONDENSATE WATER SYSTEM
15: OPERATION OF VACUUM PUMP
16: OPERATION OF BOILER FEED PUMP
17: OPERATION OF FEED WATER SYSTEM
18: OPERATION OF CT FANS
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STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
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Rev No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
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19: OPERATION FOR COLD START UP OF TURBINE


20 : OPERATION OF LP DRIP PUMP
21: OPERATION FOR SHUT-DOWN OF UNIT
22 : ISSUING WORK PERMIT (PTW)
23 : OPERATION OF DG SET
24 : OPERATION FOR BLACK OUT CONDITION
25 : OPERATION OF BED ASH COOLER

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STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
00
Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 5 of 6

5.1 1: OPERATION OF LDO STORAGE & HANDLING SYSTEM


PRE OPERATION CHECK
1)
2)
3)
4)

All work permits related to this system closed after job completion.
Check that all related instrument & fitting are properly mounted
Confirm that L .D.O tank is filled well above the suction level of the pump.
Open the valves of the pump supply lines and headers (coming from F.O tank) so that Inlet header of the
pumps is charged.
5) Check for any leakage in the line joints and instruments.
6) Open the suction & the discharge valve of the F .O Transfer Pumps to be started and check for any
leakage.
7) Partially open all possible venting points in the entire fuel oil line up to boiler to remove air and
arrangements made to avoid any loss of oil. (Only to be done for first time startup)
8) Open Short recirculation bypass valve & its header valve going to LDO tank also open.
9) Discharge header valve full closed for going to boiler.
10) Bearing Cooling water inlet & out valve open and its pressure up to 4 kg/sqcm should be maintained.

START UP
1. Check power supply to the pumps for healthiness.
2. Check the filter vent nozzle by opening it so that oil comes freely without air.
3. Start one pump with discharge valve open and short recirculation throttled condition. After normal start,
open the recirculation valve as per pressure requirement.
4. Oil DP should be maintained
30%-50% (max)

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
00
Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 6 of 6

5.2 2: OPERATION OF CW & ACW PUMP


PRE START UP CHECK
1. All pending PTW closed
2. Check all the air release isolation valves in discharge line and ensure it to be in open
condition.
3. Check the discharge valve to be in close condition.
4. Open the water flow regulating valves for TBH cooling.
5. Check the oil level of TBH >60 %.
6. Check the pressure gauge and transmitters for healthy condition.
7. Check for any foreign material in the sump.
8. Check the water flow path up to cooling tower is through.
9. Check the Condenser vent valve is in open condition.
10. Check for SUMP Level is normal.
11. Check CT Make-up sump level is normal and CT-makeup pump is available.

START PERMISSIVES
1. Sump level not low.
2. Water path healthy either condenser inlet and outlet valve or recirculation valve is in
open condition.
3. Pump is in remote Position.
4. Discharge valve 100 % close condition and close limit switch is healthy.
5. Motor DE & NDE bearing temperature are not high.
6. Motor winding temperature is not high.
7. Pump breaker is in service position and not fault relays are acted.
8. Discharge valve is in remote position and no fault condition.

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

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STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 7 of 6

START UP
1 Give START command to pump and check if discharge valve starts opening. If it
doesnt then instruct field operator to open the valve from field.
2 Check the CW Discharge pressure 2.5 kg/cm2.
3 Check for the bearing temperature, vibration, noise, and any leakages.
4 Select the pump to keep in standby mode selection tile in DCS. Put the valve and
pump in auto start mode.
5 If the recirculation valve is open ensure the condenser valves are open and if
required close the recirculation valve.
CW & ACW STOP
1. Get clearance from CCR to stop the pump.
2. Uncheck selection of stand by pump and put in manual mode.
3. Give close command to discharge valve as soon as it goes below 80% give stop
command to the pump.
4. Put the pump in Auto start mode and select it for standby selection.
5. Press the emergency stop button, if the pump is going for the maintenance activity.

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

5.3

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
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Rev No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 8 of 6

3: OPERATION OF AIR COMPRESSOR

PRE START UP CHECK


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

All pending PTW closed


Check the oil temperature > 32 C (89.60 F);
Check the oil level.
Open the air Discharge valve.
Open the ACW water inlet valve and outlet valve for the Intercoolers and Oil coolers.
If these conditions are not fulfilled, the compressor will not start and the alarm LED (1)
will light up after the permissive start time (30 seconds).
7. Close the condensate drain valves.
START UP
1. Press start button on the control panel. The compressor starts running in unloaded
condition.
2. Immediately after pressing the start button, the oil pressure must exceed 0.2 bar (e)
(2.9 Psig).
3. Automatic operation LED on the control panel will light up. Auxiliary oil pump should
automatically turn off after the compressor has reached full operating speed.
4. After 20 seconds (programmable), the compressor starts running loaded.
5. At load condition check the Blow-off valve should be in close condition.
6. Check for Gear oil-Box temperature, Intercooler temperature, current and suction
DP.
Check on Panel for:
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FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
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Rev No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 9 of 6

The compressor outlet pressure


The percentage of open position of inlet guide vanes (IGV) (2)
The compressor operation status

STOP:1.Get clearance from CCR to stop the Compressor.


2. Take compressor to unloaded condition.
3. Press STOP command.
4. Check the Blow-off valve to be open and Discharge valve closed position.
5. Make it On AUTO Stand By position.
6. Press Emergency push button if the compressor is going for Maintenance activity.

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
00
Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 10 of 6

5.4 4: OPERATION OF DMCCW SYSTEM


DMCCW WATER CIRCUIT:

DMCCW TANKPUMP

Boile
r
Turbin

Bed ash cooler, IDF, HPBF, SAF, PAF, SWAS


Panel
BFP, CEP, Vacuum pump, LP Drip pump, EH Oil
pump, TG Pedestal cooling, All GV Block
cooling

PRE STARTUP CHECKING:


1. All PTW is in closed condition.
2. All equipment, piping and valve of DMCCW pump have been pre-checked & should be OK.
3. DMCCW tank level is normal.
4. Check ACW pressure is available at PHE of DMCCW waterline.
5. Check the basket strainer inlet & Outlet is open condition with proper venting.
6. Electrical power is available for the pump.
7. All Instrument and pressure gauge is available.
8. Check all the interlock and protection in service.
9. Check the oil level in the pump.
10. DMCCW tank makeup valve and closed loop water makeup valve is in open condition.
11. Suction valve is in open condition, discharge is in closed condition with proper venting.
12. Check the Emergency push button should be in release condition.

START:
1. Check on DCS for pump start permissive:
a) NO fault.
b) Pump Remote service position.
2. Give START command to pump.
3. Check the Discharge pressure >4.2 Kg/cm2, and current < 194 amps.
4. Check pump packing temperature is normal, cooling water flow normal
5. Check there is no friction, vibration, noise, motor temperature is normal.
Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 11 of 6

6. Check the availability of Stand by DMCCW pump and take the interlock in service.

STOP:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Check the clearance from the Control room.


Standby start interlock of standby pump should be released.
Give STOP command to pump.
If the pump is in stand by condition then make the stand by interlock in service.
If the pump is going for the maintenance purpose then press emergency push button.

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
00
Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 12 of 6

5.5 5: OPERATION OF ID FAN

PRE START UP CHECK (FIELD)


1. All pending PTW should be closed.
2. Check All the Manholes of boiler and ESP Should be Closed.
3. All equipment, piping and valve of ID Fan set has been pre checked. & should be OK.
4. Confirm that all the inspection work related to Chimney, ESP, furnace & Flue Duct are completed.
5. Check DMCCW cooling water valve and ACW PHE valve of ID FAN is in open condition.
6. Check the Oil level in the Bearing & Hydraulic Coupling of ID Fan.
7. Confirm the operation of Dampers, IGV, Scoop from DCS and Local is ok.
8. Check the IGV & Discharge valve of the fan is in closed and remote condition.

START PERMISSIVE:
1. There is no Fault on the DCS.
2. ID Fan is in Remote condition.
3. ID Fan is in Service position (6.6 KV power available).
4. All Bearing Temperature and Vibration Transmitter in service.
5. ID Fan Discharge & suction IGV & Damper have close feedback.
6. NO priority stops on DCS.

START UP
1.

The start permissive of the ID FAN in DCS should be healthy.

2.

Give START command to ID Fan.

3.

After ID Fan is started, check the time for the speed and current to be stable.

4.

Check I/L Dampers (04 Nos.) & the discharge dampers (02 Nos.) are fully opened automatically.

5.

Check ID Fan noise, bearing temperature and vibration are normal.


Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

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STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
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6.

Check the hydro-coupling Oil pressure is more than (>0.045 Mpa)

7.

Check NO Alarm or abnormality in parameters of Fan.

8.

As the ID fan is normal, maintain the Furnace Pressure ( <125 Pa ) by controlling the IGV &
Scoop Position.

STOP
1. To stop the ID Fan, release Auto switch first, & ensure that all the PA Fan , SA Fan & HPFB
are in stopped condition.
2. Reduce the speed of the fan by reducing the Hyd. Coup. Position with respect to the Furnace Pressure.
3. Give STOP command to ID Fan.
4. After Stopping the ID Fan, It should be ensured that the I/L & O/L dampers are fully closed
automatically.
5. The Local Push Button should be pressed.

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
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5.6 6: OPERATION OF HIGH PRESSURE FLUIDIZING SYSTEM

PRE START UP CHECK (FIELD)


1. All pending PTW closed.
2. Check all the Manholes of Boiler should be closed.
3. All equipment, piping and valve of HPFB set has been pre checked. & should be OK.
4. Confirm that all the inspection work related to Seal Pot, Cyclone is completed
5. Check DMCCW pump is in running condition and cooling water valve of HPFB is in open condition.
6. Check the Oil level in the Bearing and Gear-box of HPFB should be Normal.
7. Check the Discharge damper of the Fan is in closed condition & Vent is in Open condition and remote
position.
8. Check the Seal pot A & B all Dampers are in Open Condition and remote position.
9. Ensure the Open/Close operation of Valves & Dampers are OK.
10. Local push button should be released.

START PERMISSIVE:
1. There is no Fault on the DCS.
2. HPFB is in Remote condition.
3. HPFB is in Service position (6.6 KV Power available).
4. All Bearing Temperature and Vibration Transmitter in service.
5. HPFB Discharge damper & Vent have close & open feedback respectively.
6. HPFB discharge to Seal Pot Dampers should be in fully open condition.
7. NO priority stops on DCS.

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

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STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
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START UP
1. The start permissive of the HPFB in DCS should be healthy.
2. Any ID Fan Is in Running Condition.
3. Give START command to HPFB.
4.

After HPFB started, check the current to be stable, fully auto open O/L Valve & the vent
to be fully auto closed.

5. Check HPFB Set noise, Bearing temperature and vibration, Discharge Flow are normal.

6. As the HPFB is normal, check the availability of stand by HPFB and put the interlock in service.
STOP
1. To stop the HPFB, release interlock switch first, & ensure that all the PA Fan & SA Fan
are in stopped condition.
2. Give STOP command to HPFB.
3. After Stopping the HPFB, It should be ensured that the O/L Valve is fully auto closed & the vent is fully
auto opened, if not, open/close manually & The Local Push Button should be pressed

Prepared by: DM & SM

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STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


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5.7 7: OPERATION OF SECONDARY AIR FAN


PRE START UP CHECK
1. All pending PTW closed.
2. Check All the Manholes of Boiler should be Closed.
3. All equipment, piping and valve of SA Fan set has been pre checked. & should be OK.
4. Check DMCCW pump is in running condition and cooling water valve of SA FAN is in open
condition.
5. Check the Oil level in the Bearing of SA Fan Set.
6. Check the Discharge damper & IGV of the Fan is in closed condition
7. All the Auxiliary Dampers of Furnace (18 Nos) are in >30 % open condition
8. Local push button should be released.

START PERMISSIVE:
1. There is no Fault on the DCS.
2. SA Fan is in Remote condition.
3. SA Fan is in Service position (6.6 KV power Available).
4. Any HPFB should be in running condition.
5. All Bearing Temperature and Vibration Transmitter in service.
6. SA Fan Discharge damper & IGV has close feedback.
7. NO priority stops on DCS.
Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
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START UP
1. The start permissive of the SA Fan in DCS should be healthy.
2. Any HPFB should be in running condition.
3. Give START command to SA Fan.
4. After SA Fan started, checks the auto open of O/L damper & current to be stable.
5. Check SA Fan Set noise, Bearing temperature and vibration are normal.

6. As the SA Fan is normal, increase the flow as per requirement by maintaining the Furnace
Pressure.
7. Start the Standby SA Fan as per the requirement of Air Flow.

STOP
1. To stop the SA Fan, ensure that all the PA Fan Are in stopped condition.
2. Give STOP command to SA Fan.
3. After Stopping the SA Fan, It should be ensured that the O/L damper is fully auto closed
if not, close manually.
4. As the SA fan Stops Local Push Button should be pressed.

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


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BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


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5.8 8: OPERATION OF PRIMARY AIR FAN


PRE START UP CHECK
1. All pending PTW closed.
2. Check All the Manholes of Boilers & ESP should be closed and free from foreign materials.
3. All equipment, piping and valve of PA Fan set has been pre checked. & should be OK.
4. Check DMCCW pump is in running condition and cooling water valve of SA FAN is in open
condition
5. Check the Oil level in the oil station & Bearing of PA Fan.
6. Ensure the availability of AOP of PA fan, and keep on stand-by.
7. Check the Oil Pressure, temp. & oil DP In oil station.
8. Check the Discharge damper & IGV of the Fan is in closed & Remote condition
9. PA to wind Box Regulating Valve (02 Nos.) are in fully open condition.
10. Local push button should be released.

START PERMISSIVE:
1. Any SA Fan is in running condition.
2. There is no Fault on the DCS.
3. PA Fan is in Remote condition.
4. PA Fan is in Service position (6.6 KV power available).
Prepared by: DM & SM

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Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


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5. PA lube oil Station should be normal.


6. All Bearing Temperature and Vibration Transmitter in service.
7. PA Fan Discharge damper & IGV has close feedback.
8. NO priority stops on DCS.

START UP
1. The start permissive of the PA Fan in DCS should be healthy.
2. One of the lube oil pumps should be running
3. Give START command to PA Fan.
4. After PA Fan started, check full auto open of O/L damper & the current to be stable.
5. Check PA Fan Set noise, temperature and vibration are normal.

6. As the PA Fan is normal, increase the flow as per requirement maintaining the Furnace Pressure.
7. Start the Standby PA Fan as per the requirement of Air Flow.

STOP
1. Slowly reduce the IGV by maintaining the furnace pressure.
2.

Give STOP command to PA Fan.

3. After Stopping the PA Fan, It should be ensured that the O/L damper is fully auto closed
if not, close manually.
4. As the PA fan Stops Local Push Button should be pressed.
5. After stopping the PA Fan as the bearing temp. Becomes <50oC, Stop the lube oil pump in the oil station.

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

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5.9

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


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9: OPERATION FOR COLD START UP OF BOILER

1. All pending permit to work should be closed.


2. Check no person is working inside the boiler or with any equipment and all temporary facility must be removed.
3. All manholes in furnace, air heater, ducts & fans are in closed condition.(i.e. all 1 st pass and 2nd pass man hole
should be closed )
4. AC & DC Power is in Available Condition.
5. Unit Critical Power is in Available Condition.
6. All HT & LT drive megger value is OK.
7. Ensure the Sand silo level; bunker level, LDO Tank level and DM Tank level should be normal.
8. Ensure that the ACW and DMCCW line for all the drives is charged.
9. DMCCW starting procedure as per following:

Tank level should be normal (1600 2600mm).

Check suction make up v/v opened & the suction pressure to 2.0 Kg/cm 2.

After ensuring all pump start condition, give the START command to DMCCW pump.

Prepared by: DM & SM

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Check the Discharge pressure and the parameters of pump.

10. Ensure that hot well Makeup Pump is running, Dm water for DMCCW tank & for makeup purpose is available.
11. Put ESP Insulator Heater in service 8 hrs. Before Boiler Lit-up.
12. Start the LDO Pump & ensure that LDO pressure is available at around 1.80 MPa in DCS
13. Ensure that the Air Compressor is running & Instrument air pressure is available at 0.6 0.7 MPa.
14. Ensure that HP and LP Dosing Pump should be available.
15. The furnace bed height should be normal & free from any foreign material. (Bed Height 760mm)
16. All fire protection system is in operational condition.
17. Hydrostatic plugs or test tags are removed from safety valves.
18. All Pressure & temperature gauges and Transmitters are in service.
19. All Expansion indicators in different area are normal and indicator pin is free from Jam.

20. Check fully opening & closing of the discharge damper of PA, SA, ID fans & High pressure blowers.
21. Opening and closing of ID fan Suction & scoop operation, Also the IGV operation of SA & PA Fan
22. Check operation of all control valves and motorized valves.
23. Ensure boiler and fan-Set safety interlock, Protection and annunciation OK.
24. Ensure the following valves are in closed condition before cold start up.

Feed water station drain valve, economizer drain valve, and economizer recirculation drain valve, all
the attemperation water drain valves and all the drain valves of furnace lower headers,CBD,EBD
should be in closed condition.( i.e. all water side drain valve should be closed and steam side drain
valve should be open)

25. Ensure the boiler main steam stop valve should be in closed condition
25. Ensure opening of Drum, CRH, HRH and SH air vent and start up vent valve.
26. Ensure the opening of SH, CRH, HRH and main steam line drain valve.
27. Take water in drum up to normal (-50 mm to -100 mm) level through cold filling line, Then open economizer
Recirculation valve.
Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
00
Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 22 of 6

28. Ensure 2nd pass RH and SH regulating damper should be 50%.


Ensure that Scanner Air Fan is running & another one is available & also in Standby.
29. Start One ID Fan and maintain the furnace pressure to (< -125 Pa).
30. Start High Pressure Fluidizing Blower and check the seal pot pressure and Flow of HP Blower. Also put
Second HP-Blower in Stand-by condition.
31. Start Secondary Air fan A (SA fan B start as per requirement) respectively supervising the furnace pressure
and increase the SA Flow.
33. Start Primary Air fan A & B, Slowly open PA fan IGV for increasing the flow looking on furnace pressure.
34. After starting PA and SA Fan maintain the total air flow more than (>25 %) 114200 Nm3/hr. Also maintain the
Primary Air flow is over the Critical fluidizing air flow (>25%). Then purge the boiler.

35. After Purge complete, put one start-up oil gun into operation at minimum combustion rate. Regulating related
air flow, check if the combustion condition is good. Then put opposite start-up oil gun into operation at the same
Manner, After 30 min. changeover another two opposite oil guns based on the principle of changeover.
36. Boiler heating-up and boosting pressure should be slowly and uniform, must control all the gas side
temperature
(Including bed temperature change rate not more than 135C/hr, also control the saturated temperature rising
Speed 93C/hr and Drum metal temperature change rate 55C/hr, and Drum upper & lower metal temperature
difference 50C/hr.
37. After achieving the drum pressure 0.1 ~ 0.3 MPa, close the drum vent, and purge water level gauge and
check
Water level, also at 0.5 MPa closes the superheater vent.
38. As the drum Pressure reaches 0.5 ~ 1.0 MPa, inform chemical section to test the steam & water quality.
39. According to the drum wall temperature difference, open periodic blow down valve as per requirement, making
Uniform heating up of different part and establish good water circulation.
40. The Expansion reading of the Boiler to be taken periodically as the boiler loading increases.
.
Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


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BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
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Rev No:
00
Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 23 of 6

41. As the furnace temperature increase, must control the temperature difference between material return device
and
Furnace outlet within 38C, when the temperature at material return device is lower than furnace outlet
temperature
38 C or more, primary air flow must be increased in order to reduce temperature difference .
42. As the drum pressure reaches 1.0 1.2 MPa as well as according to the drum level condition, starts the feed
Water pump, and takes the feed water from (30 %) control valve. (Close economizer recirculation valve).
43. After getting all the permissive for the HP/LP bypass, start the steam dumping and close the start-up vent
valve.
43. As steam pressure increased to 1.8 ~2.0 MPa, superheated steam temperature reaches to 360C & the
temperature difference between superheated steam and reheated steam is not more than 40C, and temperature
difference between right and left side of SH & RH is not bigger than 20C, Also supervise drum upper/down wall
temperature difference 50 C, connect with turbine section for rolling the turbine. Meanwhile, keep on observing
the steam temperature and steam pressure.

44. During turbine rolling, regulate bypass to meet the requirement of steam pressure and temperature for turbine
rolling.
45. After synchronization, unit immediately carries 5% rated load.
46. As the furnace bed temperature reaches above 6000C coal feeding can be proceeded.
47. Start coal feeder at minimum coal feed rate & observe bed temperature and oxygen change and
accordingly
Feed coal continuously.
48. After feeding coal, supervise & regulate, the change of bed DP, bed temperature, flue gas temperature &
wall Temperature.
49. As the furnace temperature increases flow rate of the oil gun can be gradually decreased down to minimum,
and
Then oil gun can be cut off one by one. At the same time, feeding coal can be gradually increased.
50. According to bed DP take Bed material feeding or Bed Ash conveying system into operation.
51. Gradually increase the coal feeding & supervise the Main steam pressure and Temperature with respect to bed
Temperature rising as per the Turbine load requirement.
Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

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BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
00
Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 24 of 6

52. According to Loads the main steam and Re heater temperature to be controlled by taking attemperation system in
Service. Also regulate the RH/SH flue gas regulating damper into operation as per requirement.
53. As the ESP I/L temperature reaches to 120C, put ESP field in operation.
54. Gradually increase the load and regulate air flow based on combustion condition (Maintain Oxygen level 3 ~ 4
%).
55. According to start-up curve, gradually increase load to rated value, and inspect the entire boiler from top to
Bottom for any abnormality.
56. Also note down all the parameters of Boiler at the desk and at field as per the normal values.

5.10

10: OPERATION OF SOOT BLOWER

SOOT BLOWER ARRANGEMENT:

1) There are altogether 42 sets retractable soot blowers for this boiler arranged in the
back-pass SH area, RH area, economizer and air pre-heater area. Steam source is
taken from cold end platen SH outlet pipe, before first stage spray water attemperator,
then the steam pressure reduce to design value through pressure reduction station and
transmit to each soot blower.
2) Steam parameters for soot blower are: temperature 260C, pressure 18 MPa.

SOOT BLOWER OPERATION:


1. Check before soot blower put into operation:
2. Soot blower system screen has no alarm signal;
3. Soot blower proper is in good condition, connection pipe no leakage;
Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
00
Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 25 of 6

4. Soot blower returned to original position, steam inlet valve closed;


5. All the control electric source and power electric source of soot blower system have been
energized;
6. All the manual valves of soot blower system opened already.

CONDITION OF SOOT BLOWING:


1. No boiler MFT signal;
2. Power electric source normal;
3. Control device under remote control state.

MANUAL SOOT BLOWER


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Soot blower manual operation conditions:


Soot blower steam pressure normal;
Piping warm up finished;
Power electric source normal;
No boiler MFT signal;
No soot blower program operation;
Control device under remote control state.
No soot blower operation on same side.

5.11

11: OPERATION OF OIL SYSTEM OF TURBINE

PRE START UP CHECK


1. All pending PTW closed.
2. Main oil tank level is normal.
3. All equipment, piping and valve of Lube oil should be pre checked & should be OK.
4. Main oil tank temperature is higher than 21c.
5. Check the Oil sample result for the NAS value within the permissible limit.
6. Check the ACW water header pressure and inlet & outlet valve for lube oil PHE.
7. Check the Lube oil & JOP filter available with proper venting.
8. Take trial run of Lube oil pump, Jacking oil pump, and put all the interlock in service.
9. Check the lube oil pressure transmitter, gauge and pressure switch in service.
Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
00
Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 26 of 6

On DCS check:a) LP AC/DC oil pump NO Fault.


b) LPAC/DC Oil pump Remote Service position.
For Starting of JOP:a) JOP AC/DC Oil pump NO Fault.
b) JOP AC/DC Remote Service position.
c) Any Lube oil pump running condition.

START UP
1. Start oil vapor extraction fan.
2. START AC lube oil pump, check lube oil pressure is >0.088mpa.
3. Check the availability of DC oil pump and put AC/DC lube oil pump interlock switch in service.
4. Check thoroughly lube oil system has no leakage.
5. Check the Lube oil filter DP.

For JOP:1. Open the inlet valves of Both jacking oil pump and confirm pump inlet oil Pressure
>0.039mpa
2. START jacking oil pump.
3. Check outlet pressure in range of 10 to 12 MPA.
4. Confirm shaft journal should be lifted 0.03 to 0.05 mm.
5. Check all bearing return oil is normal and note down individual bearing oil pressures.
6. Check the JOP filter DP.

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
00
Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 27 of 6

For Turning Gear operation:1. Check the power supply on the Turning gear panel, and all the permissive (Compressed air
availability>0.06 Mpa, Motor cooling fan running condition, JOP pressure available).
2. Before starting the Turning gear turn the Rotor 180 Degree.
3. Turning gear on AUTO Mode: - as it senses ZERO rpm signal, and remote condition, it starts
automatically.

Turning gear on Semi-automatic mode: - when speed reaches zero, push button START initiating this

mode.
Turning gear on Inching mode: - maintenance use, inching button START, shaft turning some angle.
Turning gear on Manual Mode:- when failure of air supply, pull out pin, turning shaft manually.

5.12

12: OPERATION OF EH OIL SYSTEM

PRE START UP CHECK


1. All pending PTW closed.
2. All equipment, piping and valve of EH Oil system should be pre checked & should be OK.
3. EH oil tank level normal (> 500 mm).
4. Check the Oil sample result for the NAS value within the permissible limit.
5. DMCCW pump is running condition.

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

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BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
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Rev No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
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6. Check all valves of the system are in open condition (Suction & discharge valve of main oil
pump, filter pump and Cooling pump, also to the individual governing valve).
7. Oil Tank temperature> 20 C.
8. Check the power supply available for the EH main oil pump, Cooling pump and Filter pump.
On DCS check
a) EH oil pump NO fault.
b) EH oil level Normal.

START UP
1. Start the EH oil filter pump.
2. Start the EH oil Cooling pump, and check the flow.
3. Start the EH oil Main pump.
4. Check the pressure 140.5 Mpa.
5. Check for any abnormal sound, and for any leakages.

EH OIL PUMP STOP:


1. Turbine is in inoperative condition.
2. HP /LP bypass is not in operational condition.
3. STOP the EH oil pump.
4. Stop the EH oil cooling pump
5. Stop the EH oil filter pump.

5.13 13: OPERATION OF CONDENSATE EXTRACTION PUMP


PRE START UP CHECK:
1. All pending PTW closed.
2. All equipment, piping and valve of CEP should be pre checked & should be OK.
3. Adjust cooling water of condensate pump packing, sealing water pressure is Normal (0.25 to 0.4mpa)
4. Check the CEP Bearing Oil Level normal.
5. Check the Suction valve is open condition.
6. Check the balancing line is open condition.
7. Check the Discharge valve of the pump is in closed & in remote condition.
Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
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00
Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
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8. Check the Recirculation valve of CEP full open condition.


9. Ensure the Hotwell level on the level gauge glass and in DCS.
10. CST to Hotwell make-up water valve is in open condition, also check the CEP to CST valve.
11. Check GSC and all LP heater is in service condition.
12. All Bearing Temperature and Vibration Transmitter in service.
13. CEP to CST valve is in closed condition.

START PERMISSIVE:
1. There is no Fault on the DCS.
2. CEP is in Remote condition.
3. CEP is in Service position.
4. Condenser level normal > 650 mm
5. CEP Discharge valve close feedback.
6. CEP Recirculation valve open feedback >95%
7. NO priority stops on DCS.

START UP:
1. Give START command to CEP.
2. After CEP started, check the time for the speed and current to be stable, auto opening of
discharge Valve (Delay 10seconds)
3. Adjust condensate re-circulating valve, keeping outlet pressure normal.
4. Check CEP noise, bearing temperature and vibration are normal, also check the operating
parameters and any abnormality at the field.
Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

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BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
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5. Check the availability of Stand by CEP and put the interlock in service

CEP STOP
1. Interlock to be removed from service before Stop the CEP.
2. When condensate pump flow is<140t/h, check condensate re-circulating Valve is open
3. Give STOP command to condensate pump which is in operation.
4. After the CEP stopped, the Hotwell Make up & the Local Push Button should be pressed.
5. If the Stopped CEP in Standby condition then put the interlock in service.

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

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BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
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5.14 14: OPERATION OF CONDENSATE WATER SYSTEM


CONDENSATE SYSTEM FLOW PATH:-

HOTWELL CONDENSATE PUMPGLAND SEALING COOLERNO.7 LP HEATERNO.6 LP


HEATERNO.5 LP HEATERNO.4 LP HEATERDEAERATOR

PRE START UP CHECK


1. All pending PTW is closed.
2. Check all condensate system maintenance work had finished, equipment

and site is clean, no obstacles around, system and equipment are


complete.
3. Check condensate system valves according to valve check list.
4. Coordinate I&C person to supply power for instrument, motor valve and

protection device, check meter is complete, indication is correct


5. Supply circulating water to condenser.
6. Check condensate level is normal, normal value will be in 650 mm.

Condenser make up water system is normal.


7. Power supply is available in CEP & LP Drip Pump.
8. Check start permissive for the CEP & LP Drip pump.
9. Start the CEP and check all the operating parameters and put stand by CEP interlock in-service.
10. Check the condensate flow through the LP heaters.
11. Check the DUMP valve is in closed condition. (If taking condensate water in closed cycle).

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


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BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
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LP HEATERS IN OPERATION:

a) Before starting, check LP heater system, all valves and instrument are
good.
b) Check the LP Heater Local Level Gauge glass in service.
c)

Close steam side drain valve, confirm the drain valves upstream and
downstream of extracting check valve had opened.

d) Confirm the operated LP heaters water side drain valve and vent valve
had opened.
e) Open slowly the operated LP heater water side inlet valve filling water,
after water flows out from vent valve, close it, open water side inlet
valve gradually, close condensate bypass valve.
f)

Open operated LP heaters air vent valve slowly, attention vacuum


change.

g) Open operated LP heaters steam inlet valve slightly, warm the heater,
2 C/min temperature raise rate, the maximum is 3 C/min.
h) Close related drain valves upstream and downstream of extracting
check valve.
i)

Open operated LP heaters steam inlet valve gradually according to the


temperature raise condition.

j)

Put the LP Heater protection interlock in service.

12. Check the Flow and pressure of Condensate system after LP heater to Deaerator
13. After the Turbine load increased > 60 MW start the LP Drip pump and maintain the heater level.

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

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BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
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5.15 15: OPERATION OF VACCUM PUMP


PRE START UP CHECK
1. All pending PTW Tag Removed.
2. All equipment and piping and valve of Vacuum pump have been pre-checked. & should be OK.
3. Open all the suction isolation valve for vacuum pump.
4. Check the oil level in the Circulation water pump.
5. Check the cooling water make-up valve (before solenoid valve) is in open condition.
6. Check the PHE cooling water valve is open condition.
7. Check the Emergency push button release condition.
8. Vacuum breaker valve should be in closed condition.
On DCS check:a) There is no Fault on the DCS.
b) Remote service position
c) Circulating pump running.

START UP
Before starting the Vacuum pump check the permissive of cooling water recirculation pump,

There is no fault on the pump.

Pump is in Remote service condition.

1. Now start the Cooling water recirculation pump and check the make-up solenoid valve auto open
close operation according to the separator level.
2. Now after satisfying the vacuum pulling condition (sealing of the Turbine with gland sealing
Condenser) and closing the vacuum breaker valve, The Vacuum Pump should be started.
3. Give START command to Vacuum Pump.
4. After starting the vacuum pump check the inlet solenoid valve auto open condition.
Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

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5. Now check for the abnormality in the vacuum pump like vibration, bearing temperature, sound in
the field.
6. Now start the 2nd Vacuum pumps cooling water recirculation pump and put the vacuum pump on
the stand-by condition.

VACUUM PUMP STOP:


1. For stopping the vacuum pump the give STOP command to the vacuum pump and check the inlet
solenoid valve auto closing.
2. Then stop the cooling water recirculation pump and check the make-up solenoid valve auto closing.
3. Then press the Emergency push button on the field.

Prepared by: DM & SM

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Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

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BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
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5.16 16: OPERATION OF BOILER FEED PUMP


PRE START UP CHECK
1. All pending PTW closed.
2. All equipment, piping and valve of BFP have been pre checked. & should be OK.
3. All cooling & sealing water line is charged for the Booster Pump.
4. Open the Cooling & Sealing water valve for the Mechanical Sealing.
5. Oil level > 40 %
6. All drains are in closed condition.
7. Confirm booster pump inlet valve full open.
8. Confirm BFP outlet motorized valve is closed, BFP re-circulating Valve is 100% opened.
9. Confirm hydraulic coupling scoop is in 0% position (20% in local), auxiliary oil pump is in
running condition.
10. Put working oil cooler and lube oil cooler in service with proper venting, check cooling water
flow & pressure.
11. Open the ACW cooling water valve for the Motor Air Cooler.

START UP
1. The start permissive of the BFP in DCS as below :
a) Deaerator level normal >1950mm
b) Check the Booster pump suction pressure.
c) Recirculation Valve open >95%
d) Discharge MOV fully closed
e) Lube oil Pressure Normal >0.16 MPa ( AOP should be running)
f)

Scoop Position <5% ( 20 % in local)

g) Hydraulic Coupling Oil I/L & O/L temp. Should be normal.


h) Electrical 6.6 KV supply normalized and selector is in remote condition.
Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

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Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


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2. Start AOP and check the lube oil header pressure (> 0.21 MPA), and the filer DP.
3. Give START command to BFP
4. After BFP started, check the time for the speed and current to be stable, auto open Discharge
Valve (delay 10 seconds) & the Suction Flow should not be less than 100 T/Hr for a time of 60 sec
to avoid tripping.

5. Check thoroughly BFP for noise, bearing temperature, vibration, leakage at field is normal, if any
abnormality found then inform to Control-room and stop the pump if required.
6. After lube oil header pressure >0.25 MPa, auxiliary oil pump should be auto stopped.
7. After AOP stop check lube oil pressure and working oil pressure should be normal.
8. Check that the lube oil and working oil temperature is in normal range.
9. Put the recirculation valve in Auto giving the Low flow set point of >150t/h, so it can adjust the flow
accordingly.
10. BFP Middle Tap MOV should be opened as per the requirement of SH & RH Spray.
11. Put interlock switch in service if the availability of the Standby Start the BFP AOP & check the lube
oil pressure & Filter P, oil level

BFP STOP
1. Check that auxiliary oil pump is healthy & sealing water and cooling water is Normal.
2. Release BFP interlock & start decreasing BFP speed as per the requirement of the system
(maintaining the drum level).
3. When BFP feed water flow is <150 t/h, BFP re-circulating valve will be Opened 100 %
automatically, if not, open it manually.
4. Decrease speed to minimum, scoop position adjusted to 20%.
5. Give

STOP command to BFP & check discharge valve closed & also the local push button

should be pressed.
6. As the BFP is stopped, check that the AOP is auto started. After 30 min, the AOP will be auto
stopped.
7. When lube oil temperature decreased to 40c, close lube oil cooler cooling water valve.
8. When working oil temperature decreased to 50c, close working Oil cooler cooling water valve.
9. In change over condition, the BFP interlock switch, BFP discharge valve, lube oil and working oil
cooler cooling water inlet valve and re-circulating valve of Stand by BFP should be opened.
Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

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10. If maintenance work will be done after BFP stopping, the auxiliary oil pump will be kept operating
30 min. After BFP stopping to cool the BFP.
11. After pump casing temperature decreased <80c, drain water from casing and stopping cooling
water supply will be permitted.

5.17 17: OPERATION OF FEED WATER SYSTEM


FEED WATER SYSTEM FLOW PATH:-

DEAERATOR BOILER FEED PUMPNO.2 HP HEATERNO.1 HP HEATER BOILER


DRUM

PRE START UP CHECK


1. All pending PTW is closed.
2. Confirm deaerator and system maintenance work had finished, equipment

3.
4.

5.

6.
7.
8.
9.

and site is clean, no obstacles around, system and equipment are


complete.
Check feed water deaerating system valves according to valve check
list.
Coordinate I&C person to supply power for instrument, motor valve, level
meter and protection device, check meter is complete, indication is
correct.
Confirm deaerator water level and pressure high /low signal alarm &
Interlock in service, motor valve and control valve moving smoothly,
switch action direction is correct.
Check the Level gauge glass availability of HP Heaters.
Coordinate chemical group, prepare enough DM water, start DM water
pump, DM water quality analysis is accepted.
Check proper venting of the deaerator.
Start the Boiler fill pump and gradually fill the deaerator up to normal
level (2350 mm).

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

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Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
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10. Supply steam into station steam header, before supply steam, it will be

warmed and drained.


11. Open both side steam inlet valves slowly for initial heating of storage

12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.

tank. And maintain the deaerator pressure 0.19MPa and temperature


>100C
When extraction-3 steam pressure is >0.19MPa, it will be used as heating
steam source, closing both side initial heating steam supply valves.
Deaerator pressure increased following the turbine load increasing, after
reaching full load operation, check deaerator thoroughly.
Adjust the deaerator vent valve as per requirement.
Check all the permissive for starting of BFP.
Start the BFP as per , and take the HP Heater in service.
After checking all the parameters of deaerator are condensate water
system in auto control mode.

HP HEATER IN OPERATION:

1. Confirm HP heater water inlet and outlet valve are in close condition, feed water

2.
3.

4.
5.
6.

7.

flows through bypass piping, filling water valve is close tightly, open water side
vent valve.
Open HP heater filling water valve, and close the vent valve after proper
venting,
When HP heater pressure is equal to the feed water pressure, open HP heater
motor outlet valve first then open motor inlet (3 way) valve, check the bypass
valve is closed and steam side water level is zero to confirm no leakage.
Open HP heater-1 & 2 shell side vent valve and vent to deaerator.
Open extraction 1 & 2 check valves ensuring its upstream and downstream
drain valves open.
Open extraction 1 and 2 MOV slowly (increasing rate is not more than
1.83C/min.i.e.110C/h), keeping pressure 0.05-0.1MPa to warm heaters, close
drain valves upstream and downstream of extraction 1 & 2 check valves.
Close HP heater 1 & 2 shell side vent valve, keep vent to deaerator vent open
condition.

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 39 of 6

8. Pay attention to HP heater water level, when its steam side pressure is 0.3MPa

9.
10.
11.
12.

higher than that of deaerator, close the HP heater-2 to LP heater-4 drip valve
and take the Drip to deaerator in-service and also check HP heater water level is
normal.
Check the Feed water Flow, pressure and temperature after HP Heater.
Check the LP and HP dosing system operation for maintaining the water quality of
Deaerator and Drum.
Take the water to the Drum as per requirement through the feed control station.
When water is not taken through the Feed control station maintain the circulation
through Eco-recirculation valve.

5.18 OF CT FAN SYSTEM


PRE START UP CHECK
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

All Pending PTW closed.


All the pipe line work is completed and clear.
All the motor valves, Riser valves and alarm signal inside system should be checked.
All the motor and MOV, power supply available.
Sump level is Normal.
CT make-up water pump is available.
CT nozzles, V-Bar, Drift eliminator are properly fixed.
Check the Gear Box Oil level of Cooling Tower Fan.
Check the Vibration switch is properly fixed.

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
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: 40 of 6

CHARGING OF COOLING TOWER:


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Check the Cooling Tower Sump level is Normal.


Check the Riser valve of running unit is open condition.
Start one CW or ACW pump as per .
Check for any water leakages at the System.
Check the proper circulation through the Riser valve.
Now Start One Cooling Tower Fan.
Check the Vibration, Abnormality in sound of Cooling Tower Fan.
Check the Current of Cooling Tower Fan.

5.19 19: OPERATION FOR COLD START UP OF TURBINE


1. All pending PTW should be closed.
2. All Equipment and its area should be clean from foreign materials.
3. Following Level to be check for the process healthiness:a) Lube oil & EH Oil tank level.
b) Cooling tower sump level.
c) Deaerator level.
Prepared by: DM & SM

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FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 41 of 6

d) Hot well level.


e) CST level.
f)

DMCCW tank level.

g) DM Tank level.
4. Check the analysis report of DM water, Hotwell, Lube oil and EH Oil for the acceptable range.
5. Check and Confirm Electrical Power supply is available for all the motors and valves.
6. Check the stand by interlock of all the equipments and the operation of all MOV & CV.
7. Check that Cooling Tower Sump Water Level Is Normal. Start the ACW Pump with proper venting &
maintain O/L header pressure as 5.2 Kg/cm2
8. Start CW (Circulating water) pump supplying water to the condenser, open both side water outlet
valve and vent valves, after proper air venting open both side inlet valve slightly and maintain the O/L
header pressure as 2.5 Kg/cm2
9. Start the Instrument Air Compressor and conform the availability of Stand by Compressor. (01 out of
04 nos.)
10. Open Inlet/Outlet Valves Of Oil Cooler And Filter, Cooling Water Will Be Adjusted According To The
Oil Temperature.
11. The Oil Inlet Valve Of HP Oil Pump And LP AC/DC Oil Pump Will Be Opened.
12. Coordinate with C&I to check DEH, ETS, TSI device are normal. And test the following protection:

a) C & I signal and sound/light alarm.


b) All oil pump low pressure auto start and turning gear device test.
c) Manual emergency trip device test
d) ETS solenoid valve protection test

e) Extracting check valve protection test.


Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

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STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


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f)

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


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Rev No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
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: 42 of 6

OPC protection test

g) LP casing hood water spray test.


h) HP heater water level protection test.
i)

Bypass system interlock protection test

j)

Drainage pot high/low level protection test.

k) Deaerator high/low level alarm test


l)

BFP without power supply test

BFP electric interlock test.

Feed water header pressure low interlock test.

BFP lube oil pressure low protection test

m) Oil vapor extraction fan operating test.

13. Start-up Procedure:`


i)

Check all oil pumps.

ii)

Start oil vapor extraction fan.

iii)

Start AC lube oil pump, filling oil into system and venting air, check no leakage, oil return is normal

iv)

Start HP oil pump, check system and equipment no leakage.

v)

Check the pressure of all parts is normal

vi)

Start jacking oil pump, check outlet pressure will be


Lifted.

vii)

Turning gear should be started around 4 hrs. Prior to the turbine rolling, Also check the turning
gear interlock in service.

viii)

Check there is no noise and friction in turbine rotation part.

ix)

Confirm rotor eccentricity is inacceptable range, and the bearing lube oil temperature before turbine

10.0 to 13.0 mpa,confirming rotor had

start is 21-27c.
x)

Ensure that all the drains & vents of the turbine side should be in opened condition. (All
extractions, CRH, HRH, MS, GSC Header, Aux. PRDS header, D/A vent, HP/LP By Pass)

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

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STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


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BOP

xi)

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


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Rev No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
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: 43 of 6

Deaerator Will Be In a Normal Level. Warming Auxiliary Steam Header With Station Back Up Steam
Source, keeping Its Pressure, 0.6 TO 0.7Mpa, Temperature, 150C TO 250C. Open Deaerator
Auxiliary Steam Supply Valve Heating Storage Tank Water To 90C TO100C.

xii)

Ensure the DMCCW pump is running and the DMCCW water valve for Turbine and other equipment are
open condition.

xiii)

Check the level of condenser and the no.6, no.5, no.4 LP heater is normal.

xiv)

Start one CEP, and check there is no leakage in the condensate circuit, and keep stand by pump
interlock in service.

xv)

When the boiler drum pressure reaches 0.7 MPa & MS temperature reaches 300C, the Aux. PRDS
should be charged slowly through Drum to Aux PRDS line with proper drain and vent open,
OR if the other unit is running condition charge the APRDS of start-up unit from the APRDS line of
Running unit with proper drain & vent open condition.

xvi)

After the APRDS temperature & pressure reaches 160 - 180C & 0.6 MPa,Start the GSC Fan &
slowly charge the Gland Steam Header (0.03 MPA & 120 150 C) and check there should be no
leakage and adjust drain valve between multistage U tube type siphon and maintain the gland
steam cooler level.

xvii)

Start one Cooling tower fan.

xviii)

Start one Vacuum pump and simultaneously close the vacuum breaker valve and check the
healthiness of the pump and observe the rate of increasing trend of the vacuum, if necessary take
another vacuum pump in service. And keeping vacuum at (>-65 KPA).

xix)

Start EH Oil Pump, EH Oil Cooling & Filter pump, check current is normal and fluid pressure increasing
slowly to specified value. (If fluid temperature is lower than 10C, EH pump start is

prohibited, if fluid temperature is lower than 21C, system can not be


circulated. When fluid temperature reaches 43C,control fluid cooler cooling
water to maintain fluid temperature in 43-54C range, then EH system can
be circulated.)
xx)

Open Bypass stage I & II (HP-Bypass & LP- Bypass) based on requirement, observe the main

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
00
Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 44 of 6

steam and Re-heat steam temperature, full-fill the requirement by paying attention to condenser
vacuum.
xxi)

When By-pass temperature reaches the value- HP-bypass 360 C & LP-bypass 180 C start spray
water for maintaining temperature and the III-stage spray will auto open based on the LP steam
Exhaust temperature.

14. After pressure established in boiler, based on operation mode, check the

tightness of TV, RSV, GV, IV and HP exhaust check valve, prevent it from casing
metal temperature change due to steam leakage.
15. When Main Steam Pressure 1.5 To1.6mpa. Main Steam Temperature 360C,

Reheat

steam

Temperature >300C, The Difference Between Main Steam And Reheat Steam Temperature Of Both Side
Will Be Not More Than17C, Condenser Vacuum > (-65kpa) (G), Outlet Oil

Temperature

Of

Oil

Cooler Will Be 35 To45 C, Rotor Eccentricity Will Not Be More Than 0.076 Mm, Regulating Oil Pressure
Will Be 1.17mpa, Lube Oil Pressure Will Be 0.147 MPa, All Bearing Return Oil Is Normal value are
Reached Rolling Can Be Started.

16. Push protection reset button first then turn on main protection switch, inform C & I Person to
turn on Hp Expansion difference, Axial displacement, bearing temperature, bearing oil
pressure, over speed protection and bearing vibration protection switches.
17. Finally go through the Prerequisite before turbine rolling if it satisfy then Go to DEH OVERVIEW
display and put DEH-control system to OPERATOR AUTO mode, click LIMIT SET to set VALVE
LIMIT and conform valve position 100 % and click LATCH button, Turbine Latched ,TV & RSV full
open.
18. Starting time period in various conditions:

Prepared by: DM & SM

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STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


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Item

Warm Start

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 45 of 6

Hot Start

HP Stationary Blade

Very Hot Start

Retain Ring Lower


Part

Main Steam
Temperature
Reheat Steam

RPM
Temperature
500
1100
2950

Maximum Speed
Increasing Rate

Remark

200--320C

More Than 320 C

50C At Least Higher


Than HP Stationary Blade
Retain Ring Lower Part
Temperature

50C At Least Higher Than


HP Stationary Blade Retain
Ring Lower Part Temperature

30C At Least Higher Than


Reheat Lower
HoldFlange
Timing
Metal
Temperature
15 min

30C At Least Higher Than


Reheat
RateLower
of Increase
Flange Metal
Temperature
100 rpm/min

45 min
10 min

70-100 R/Min

Time From Rolling To


3000 Rpm.

40- 50 Min

100 rpm/min
200 rpm/min

Same As Hot

With More Than


50C Superheat

With More Than


50C Superheat

450 Rpm,Not More Than


500 Rpm
10 Min

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

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Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
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Rev No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 46 of 6

19. Give the target speed to 500 RPM with the speed rate of 100 RPM/min & click GO button for the rolling.
20. GV, IV Opening gradually, Speed increase gradually, turning gear disengage automatically,
if not then trip the turbine, and check for the reason.
21. After reaching 500 RPM hold up for the primary warm-up period (15 min).
22. In speed-up period check HP Exhaust check valve opening condition, drain of turbine proper and other
related piping will be good, there is no water hammer and vibration existed.
23. Pay attention to main steam and Reheater steam parameter change condition, the deviation with startup curve will not more.
24. Now increase the Target speed to 1100 RPM with a rate of 100 RPM/min. The warm-up time will be
maintained at 1100 RPM for 45 minutes and check all important parameters of turbine,

Rotor eccentricity (<0.076 mm), Rotor vibration, axial displacement ((+/-) 1), casing absolute
expansion,

HP/IP Upper & Lower casing temperature difference (<50C), Bearing Temperature- (Journal <90C,
Thrust <85C), Return oil temperature < 65C.

25. After completion of the warm-up period increase the target speed to 2950 RPM with a rate of 200
RPM/min.
26. Check JOP Auto Stop at 1250 RPM, if not Stop it manually.
27. The turbine critical Bands of turbine are: 1st Band

:-

1580 1890 RPM

Prepared by: DM & SM

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BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
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2nd Band

:-

2220 2390 RPM

3rd Band

:-

2630 2810 RPM

28. Within the critical bands the increasing speed rate will be automatically change to 500 RPM/min.
supervises the Turbine vibration with this critical band. After reaching at 2950 RPM with normal
parameters increase the target speed to 3000 RPM. Within the range of 2950 to 3000 RPM the Rate of
Speed will automatically change to 50 RPM/min.
29. Now unit will be warm up at 3000 RPM, check the system thoroughly (Both on DCS & Field).
30. Check mail oil pump outlet press 1.17 MPa and Inlet Pressure 0.098 MPa, conform lube oil pressure and
oil temperature. After this STOP HP oil pump and put its interlock switch in service.
31. Now Turbine will thoroughly check normal then the Electrical & C&I personnel should be co-ordinate for
synchronization with grid.
32. For synchronization process, go to DEH panel & take AUTO SYNC in service.

Now on DCS panel (Excitation System)

CLOSE the Field Breaker.

START the AVR channel A & B.

START the excitation system & wait for the Excitation voltage & PMG Voltage to be developed to
25 Volts & 330 Volts resp.

33. As the above parameters are satisfied then go to the DEH panel & click on PREPARE FOR AUTO
SYNC if the required permissive are OK.
34. Check the unit synchronization conditions are fulfilled then SYNCHRONIZATION with Grid making
turbine operated with 5 % rated load immediately.
Now check and maintain primary load warm-up period with,

Turbine vibration, Differential Expansion (HP/LP),casing expansion, Axial displacement,


Bearing metal temperature, Return oil temperature, Lube oil pressure, upper & lower casing
temperature difference, Generator core temperature, winding temperature, air temperature are
normal.

35. Now increase the Turbine loading as per requirement and increase Boiler pressure and temperature
Prepared by: DM & SM
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Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
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according to start-up curve.


36. Conform all Turbine side drain had close condition at 10 % of rated load, When load reaches to 15 %,
check LP water spray had closed automatically (if not close manually).Also close the By-pass system as
per unit requirement.
37. Now increase the load as per unit requirement and take all extraction with respective heaters in service,
Also take changeover of Auxiliary PRDS steam with 3 rd extraction of turbine. Also the LP-drip pump
should be started as per the requirement to maintain the LP-heaters level.
38. After the UNIT reaches the full load of 135 MW, if required then put the operation of the unit in CCS
(Coordinate control system) mode. And observe and maintain the turbine parameters within specified
limit.

** Coordinate control system (CCS) is a critical one in full power plant automatic control system.
The function of Coordinate Control System is boiler and turbine receive the load command, coordinated together
to satisfy the load requirement of net work and guarantee the power plant safe operating. It consists of master
control system, boiler fuel control system, boiler air flow control system, feed water control system and steam
temperature control system, in turbine aspect DEH system.

Generally speaking, the function of CCS will composed with as follows:


Load change rating limitation
Generally speaking, the outside load command is to change the electric power, it is a step signal, the load
change rate should not be more than the specified unit load change ability, normally it will be 3-5% rated load/min.
Maximum load limitation
Load command cannot be more than the maximum permitted unit load, so, in load command handing device, a
calculating circuit which calculates the maximum permitted unit load based on the related auxiliaries operating
condition will be provided.

Run back protection

Prepared by: DM & SM

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Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
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: 49 of 6

When some auxiliaries damaged, regardless the outside load requirement, unit load should decreased to a
specified level to guarantee unit operating safely and continuously, the run back rate will be limited according to
the damage condition.
Turbine follow control mode (pressure control by turbine)
At turbine follow control mode, main steam pressure is controlled automatically by turbine control loop, and the
boiler load is control manually by operator.

Unit actual output holding function


When some unit auxiliaries operated in a limited condition or some major mass flow (such as fuel flow, feed water
flow and air flow) are not matched with load command, The unit actual load command is confined by the high limit
and low limit of unit load command, If reason of malfunction is not clear, holding load will be taken to avoid
accident developed.

5.20 20: OPERATION OF LP DRIP PUMP


PRE START UP CHECK
1. All pending PTW closed.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

All equipment and piping and valve of LP DRIP pump have been pre-checked. & should be OK.

Check the condensate level in the LP heater-6.


Check the Oil level in the DE & NDE side of the Drip pump.
Check all the suction & discharge valve of the Drip pump.
Check the DMCCW pump is in running condition.
Check cooling and sealing water line for the drip pump.

8. Check the Emergency push button release condition.

PRE START UP CHECK


1. LP Heater drip pump no fault.
2. LP Heater drip pump remote service.
3. LP Heater in Service position.

START UP
1. Check the discharge Control valve is in close condition.
2. START the Drip pump.
Prepared by: DM & SM

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Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


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3. Now check for the abnormality in the vacuum pump like vibration, bearing temperature, sound in
the field.
4. Open the Control valve as per the requirement looking on to the level of LP Heater-6.

STOP
1. Reduce the Discharge Control valve position looking on to the LP Heater-6 level, and after
reducing loading of pump give the STOP command.
2. Press Emergency Push Button on the field.
3. If no maintenance work will be taken in this pump then put the stand by interlock in service.

5.21 21: OPERATION FOR SHUT-DOWN OF UNIT


PREPARATION BEFORE SHUT DOWN:1. Inform to all concerning department about the unit shutdown.
2. Coordinate electric group to measure the insulation of motors of AC/DC oil pump, jacking oil
pump, turning gear, confirm they are acceptable, putting in interlock switch.
3. Coordinate with C & I group to check DEH, ETS, TSI device are normal.
4. Turbine bypass system is in hot stand by condition.

SHUT DOWN IN SLIDE PRESSURE MODE


1. CCS is the basic control mode
2. DEH, valve control mode changes over from SEQUANTIAL to SINGLE mode under
operator AUTO control mode.
3. Coordinate with Boiler group during load sliding down maintaining the following parameters:
a) Fluidized air quantity should always more than critical fluidized air quantity.
b) For reducing load of unit, gradually reduce the pressure & temperature
maintaining the load curve.
c) Coordinate with boiler for reducing coal and air flow maintaining the oxygen
and furnace temperature.
d) Temperature deviation between main steam and reheat steam 20, not
allow to exceed >40. Temperature difference between two side of main
steam or
reheat steam line is <20.
e) Take boiler expansion reading periodically.
Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

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Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
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f) Temperature difference between drum upper and lower wall 50.


g) Bed temperature cooling rate should not exceed 135/h.
h) Switchover automatic regulation to manual as per requirement, and maintain
drum
water within normal level range.
i) Regulate or close primary and secondary stage attempter water gradually in
terms of steam temperature sliding, and regulate or close reheater attempter
flue gas damper

4. Open GV gradually keeping load 100 MW for 10 to 20 min. Casing temperature should be
checked every 15 min during this period.
5. Reduce the TG load set point, observing the main steam pressure and temperature.
Following regulations should be followed during shut down period:
i) Avoid ETS over speed test.
ii) Maintain differential expansion in the range of +8 to -3mm, if not, inform boiler group
to control parameter stable, pay attention to negative expansion difference.
iii) After process is stable, main steam temperature will be 10C to 20C lower than
regulating stage metal temperature.
iv) In low load condition, pay attention to heaters water level and maintain lube oil
temperature.
v) when load decreased to 30% rated load, open HP/LP bypass system, according
to boiler requirement, pay attention to condenser vacuum and turbine exhaust
temperature.
vi) Stop all coal feeding into furnace while load slide down to 30%, to generate power by
using of residual heat.
vii) When load decreased to 25% rated load, check Gland sealing steam source change
over from extraction-3 or auxiliary steam header from boiler drum or from other unit
and maintain the gland sealing temperature and pressure.
viii) When load decreased to 20% rated load, Stop Drip pump according to No.6 LP
heater water level.
ix) Stop CT fan according to load, observing the vacuum and cooling water I/L & O/L
temp. Of condenser.
x) HP heater-2 drip will be changed from deaerator to LP heater-4 when HP Heater-2
pressure is lower than the deaerator.
xi) All extractions taken out of service according to the load reduction curve.
xii) When main steam parameter decreased to < 3.0 MPa and 470C, boiler
pressure/temperature decreasing period finished, for avoiding negative expansion
difference to make turbine trip.
xiii)Keep on ventilating into furnace after shutdown, pay attention to each part of
refractory temperature fluctuation within regulated range. When bed
temperature slide down to 400C, after purging 30 minutes to Boiler, if boiler
Prepared by: DM & SM

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Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


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not cooling down rapidly, stop primary air fan, secondary air fan, high pressure
fluidized fan and induce draft fan running sequentially.

SHUT DOWN
i) Release boiler main protection and water level protection.
ii) Start AC lube oil pump, release HP start oil pump low oil pressure interlock.
iii) Steps out generator, the operating time in this period will not exceed 15 min., speed
should keep stable.
iv) Report to shift leader, push EMERGENCY SHUT DOWN button, check
TV, GV, RSV, IV, HP extracting check valve and extracting check valves
closed quickly, recording trip time.
v) Regulate HP/LP bypass system as per requirement.
vi) Pay attention to rotor coasting condition, especially the vibration when passed through
the critical speed.
vii) When speed decreased to 1250 rpm, release interlock protection, shut down vacuum
pump, and check auto starting of Jacking Oil pump, if not start it manually.
viii)When speed decreased to 500 rpm, LP hood water spray auto stopped, if not close it
manually.
ix) When speed decreased to 0 rpm,put in turning gear, recording shaft eccentricity,
turning gear motor, rotor coast down time, casing expansion and expansion difference.
x) Close all gland sealing steam supply isolating valve, stop gland sealing fan.
xi) When boiler drum level increased up to +400mm level, stop BFP, close water inlet and
open economizer recirculation valve.
xii) Release condenser and deaerator water level auto control function, shut down
condensate pump as per requirement.
xiii)When slid pressure shut down, turbine metal temperature decreases and temperature
difference will not exceed following limit.

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

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Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
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xiv) Control lube oil outlet temperature of cooler in 35C to 40C range.
xv) Stop generator air cooler cooling water supply.
xvi) After casing metal temperature decreased to 250C, open main steam,
reheat steam, extraction steam piping drain valve, if its open will influence the
temperature difference between upper and lower casing, it will be kept closed.
xvii) After temperature of regulating stage upper inner wall 150C stop turning gear
and jacking oil pump if required.
xviii) When LP exhaust temperature decreased to lower than 50C and no any steam
Drainage flow into condenser, main circulating pump can be stopped.
xix)When drum pressure slide down to 0.17MPa, open drum air vents.
xx) If boiler cooling is required, open inlet and outlet damper of induce draft fan,
primary air fan, secondary air fan in terms of drum wall temperature deviation,
and maintain furnace negative pressure at -125Pa, cool furnace down by
natural ventilating.

5.22 22: ISSUING WORK PERMIT (PTW)


1. While taking up any maintenance job, work permit is to be obtained by the concerned department to ensure
safety of personnels engaged in the job.
2. Employees in the grade of Jr. Manager and above are authorized to requisition and issue the Work Permit.
3. Planned jobs/preventive maintenance/Break down maintenance jobs are to be carried out only after obtaining
work permit from authorized issuing authority (Operation).
4. Upon receipt of written request from the requisitioner, the permit issuer shall first ensure that all hazards
associated with the proposed job have been identified, assessed and controlled before issuing the permit.
5. The Permit issuer shall first inform the Electrical dept. to disconnect the electrical supply to the equipment if
electrical isolation is required.
6. The authorized person of Electrical Maintenance dept. shall ensure that the equipment is electrically isolated by
removing / racking out the circuit breaker and subsequently it is locked upon, Red tagged and mentioned in the
Register.
7. The authorized person of Electrical Maintenance dept. shall ensure that the equipment is electrically isolated by
removing / racking out the circuit breaker and subsequently it is locked upon, Red tagged and mentioned in the
Register.
8. For any online preventive maintenance jobs also, which doesnt require any energy isolation like greasing in
Fans and Motors, topping up lube oil in the gear box, pumps, Work Permit shall be obtained from authorized
issuing Authority (Operation) for information.
9. Safety measures mentioned in the check list shall be followed while carrying out any activity like Hot work,
confined space work, Work at height in the operational units.
Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
00
Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 54 of 6

10. Gas test is required for Work Permits requiring activities to be performed like hot work and confined space
entry to ascertain the presence of Oxygen, Carbon Monoxide (CO) and LEL of any flammable gas. Gas testing
shall be conducted by authorized person (Jr. Manager & above/ the person who is competent in the gas test
operations and the use of the relevant equipment i.e. Multi gas Detector.
11. Where the oxygen level is below 19.5% or atmospheric contaminants cannot be reduced below relevant
exposure levels, entry may only occur with suitable PPE including SCBA (Self Contained Breathing Apparatus),
supplied air respirator etc.
12. Entry shall not be permitted to a confined space when flammable contaminants are greater than or equal to
5% LEL or where oxygen level exceeds 23.5%.

13. Upon completion of work the Requisitioner shall first ascertain that all men were withdrawn, materials are
removed and the equipment is safe to operate in all respect and return the work permit to the issuer i.e.
authorized issuing authority (Operation).
14. The Requisitioner will sign the Work Permit with Date and time in token of having completed the work and
cleared the equipment for operating and return it to the issuer.
15. The issuer closes the Work Permit after cross-checking the work area and restores the operation. It will be
recorded in work Permit issue register.
16. During shift change over, the outgoing permit issuer shall brief details of all work permits issued during the
shift to the incoming issuing authority before leaving the shift.

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 55 of 6

5.23 23: OPERATION OF DG SET


DG SET (1010 KVA) MAKE: JAKSON
FOR STARTING DIESEL GENERATOR IN MANUAL MODE:
1. Ensure Diesel service tank oil level and engine oil level should be normal
2. Ensure Radiator coolant level normal
3. Battery Voltage in healthy condition
4. Start lubricating pump.
5. Emergency Push Button should be released
6. Engine Selector switch in local panel should be in Manual Mode.
7. Reset the DG set by pressing RESET Button. Then CRANK the engine by clicking RUN
button.
11. Check various reading of parameters (RPM, Lube oil pressure, Lube oil temperature,
water
Temperature, voltage, current, frequency, KWH, KW, PF.

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
00
Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 56 of 6

FOR STOPPING DIESEL GENERATOR IN MANUAL MODE:


1. Turn-off the DG set OFF position
2. Push Emergency push button.

FOR STARTING DIESEL GENERATOR IN AUTO MODE:


1. After power failure DG set will start automatically in 10 ~ 15 second.
2. Check fuel level in the Diesel service tank.
3. Check coolant level in the radiator.
4. Engine will pick-up and develop voltage automatically.
5. Check Voltage and frequency of supply.
6. DG breaker will close automatically.

7. Check various reading of parameters (RPM, Lube oil pressure, Lube oil temperature,
water temperature, voltage, current, frequency, KWH, KW, PF.

FOR STOPPING DIESEL GENERATOR IN AUTO MODE:


1. DG set verifies the Main power supply is Resuming.
2. DG incomer Bus coupler breakers will open automatically.
3. Engine breaker of Transformer will close automatically.
4. Engine will stop automatically.

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
00
Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 57 of 6

5.24 24: OPERATION FOR BLACK OUT CONDITION


EMERGENCY STATION LIGHTING
1 Emergency DC lighting should come automatically but if it fails to come on
. auto the operator has to switch it on from DC lighting panel.

After AC lighting is restored, DC lighting may be switched off.

TG DESK ENGINEER:
RESPONSIBILIT
IES
1.

Check that turbine DC L.O.P. has started on auto and L.O.

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
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: 58 of 6

Pressure is adequate.
2.

If DC L.O.P. does not take a start on auto following action


are to be taken.
i.)

Try to start DC L.O.P. from control room, if it fails to start


from control room, start it from local panel.

ii)

If still the pump does not start, A.C oil pump should be
started, when supply is restored from DG set.

iii)

If DC oil pump and DG set fails to start, the Engineer has


to go and check the battery output switch is ON and also
switch on distribution board is ON.
Vacuum breaker valves should open.
Ensure both the Boiler main steam valves closed and
drain valves after BMSV should open at 9.0 m floor.

Main steam line drains, HP Bypass drain, HRH drains going


to the flash tank should be isolated.(Manual isolation
valves should be closed)

3.

Isolate seal steam supply to Turbine gland.


a) Ensure gland steam supply valve from Aux. Steam and CRH line are
completely isolated.

4.

Change over to AC L.O.P. as soon as power supply is resumed if


D.C L.O.P is running

5.

Instruct T-G local operator to close extraction block valves


manually.

6.

Check for closure of all extraction NRVs.

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 59 of 6

7.

AC J.O.P. starts on auto at 1200 rpm If it fails start A.C.J.O.P from


control room. If it fails, check DC J.O.P. has picked up.

8.

If DC J.O.P. does not pick up and fails to start from control room,
instruct local operator to start from local.

9.

Check barring gear picks up if it fails try to Switch


local panel If barring gear does not get ON in any
bearing has to be resorted to after TG set comes to
Ensure lub oil and jack oil are available, and rotate
1800 at every 10 minutes.

on it from
case hand
stand still.
turbine by

RESPONSIBILIT OF BOILER DESK ENGINEER


IES
1.

Ensure Scanner fan takes start on auto. If it fails to start it from DCS
and ensure scanner air supply to Flame Scanners and Igniters. Also
confirm from local operator that scanner fan discharge pressure at
about 10 KPa.

2.

Check that EBD and CBD valves got closed or not. If they fail to
operate on black out signal, close from control room. If they fail
to operate from control room, close them locally with the help of
local boiler operator.

3.

Instruct local operator to close soot blower isolating valve after


ensuring that all soot blowers are in retracted position.

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

4.

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
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: 60 of 6

Get the oil level and DG set operating parameters checked up at


regular intervals by local operator.

RESPONSIBILITIES OF SHIFT ELECTRICAL ENGINEER

1.

Check DG set have picked up as auto on loss of power. If they fail


to start auto, start it from local and charge Emergency PCC
board.

2.

Check oil level and working parameters of DG sets at regular


intervals.

3.

Check power is through to 220V battery charger.

RESPONSIBILITIES OF SHIFT C&I ENGINEER


1.Ensure 24 V charger/battery supply
2.Ensure 220v AC for DCS and field instrument

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

RESPONSIBILITI
ES

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
00
Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 61 of 6

OF SHIFT-INCHARGE
TO BE STATIONED AT MAIN CONTROL ROOM
BE ACCESSIBLE ALWAYS

AND

1.

Ensure DC. Lighting available at all assigned location.

2.

Ensure that both DC L.O.Ps of both turbines have started.

4.

Ensure DG fire fighting pump is on

5.

Coordinate with Desk Engineers of Unit for safe operation in black out.

6.

Coordinate Electrical Engineer for normalization of station and unit


supplies.

7.

Be in continuous touch with SWYRD and all BOP locations.

NORMALISATION OF SUPPLY

NO equipment should be started without permission from SHIFT IN


CHARGE.

RESPONSIBILITI
ES

OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEER.
They should be in constant touch with Shift- in- charge

1.

Ensure power availibity from station transformer.

2.

Check the feeder & motor availability. If tripped, check the description
of protection acted, if healthy reset the system.

3.

In EMCC check source I/C from unit PCC if healthy change over the
source from DG I/C to the main.

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
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: 62 of 6

NORMALISATION TO BE DONE EXCLUSIVELY UNDER


SUPERVISION OF SHIFT IN-CHAGE.

RESPONSIBILITY : SHIFT- IN-CHARGE

1.

Instruct CW pump operator and control room Engineer to start


one CW pump for each unit.

2.

Normalize ACW, DMCW, LDO Pump, Boiler Fill pump and Hot well
make up pump.

3.

Instruct compressor operator to start compressor (One by one).

4.

Start DM transfer pump to make-up CST tank level.

5.

Depending on the start-up power (MW) start one CEP and one
BFP and restore water supply to drum.

6.

Start ONE ID fan and maintain normal furnace pressure.

7.

Start LDO pumps.

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

9.

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


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Open Boiler MSV 10-15% from the local and open HP bypass
around 5% and maintained CRH pressure sufficiently. Charged
aux. steam header pressure about 0.5 to 0.6 Mpa and
temp.around 230DegC. If drum pressure comes down less than
3.0 Mpa charge aux. steam deader through drum itself.
Charge gland steam header and maintained hdr. pressure 0.05
Mpa and temp. in the range of 100- 140 Deg C.
Start both the Vacuum pumps and start vacuum pulling.

10.

Ensure PCC buses are normalized from PCC and DG sets are put
on auto.

12.

While starting equipments, keep a watch on station transformer


loading and parameters.

13.

Start air condition system.

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
00
Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 64 of 6

5.25 OPERATION OF BED ASH COOLER


PRE STARTUP CHECK:1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

ALL pending PTW closed.


Clearance from Ash Handling department for BAC & conveying system.
Check Conveying & Instrument Air availability.
Power supply available for the BAC, Inlet MOV.
All Interlock and protection are pre checked and ok.
Inlet MOV Closed Condition.
Open the Cooling water (DMCCW) Inlet & Outlet Isolation valve and MOV.
Check DMCCW water pressure (>4 .2 Kg/Cm2).
Check the Remote position of BAC and Inlet MOV.

START:1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Start the conveying after taking the clearance from AHP.


START Bed Ash Cooler.
Check the Direction of rotation.
Open the Inlet MOV and slowly fill the ash in BAC.
Check Inlet & Outlet temperature.
Confirm the Ash flow through Conveying line by confirming the conveying air
pressure.
7. Increase the RPM as per requirement.
8. Confirm the smooth running of BAC (No abnormality).
STOP:1. Decrease the RPM.
Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
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STOP the Bed Ash Cooler.


Close the Inlet MOV.
Stop the Conveying system, coordination with AHP.
Close the DMCCW water MOV and Isolation valve.
Isolate the Power if PTW given for any maintenance activity.

6. CUSTOMER FEEDBACK
Customer feedback to be collected once in every year.
7. LIST OF CUSTOMER

1. GRID
2. BARBIL
3. PLATE MILL
4. SMS
5. PROCESS BOILER
6. CAS
7. OXYGEN PLANT
8. DRI
9. CGP

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
00
Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 66 of 6

Flow Chart

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
00
Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 67 of 6

Safety & Possible Hazards:

Refer from HIRA PR-IMS-01-A


Records:
Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE


FOR OPERATION OF BOILER , TURBINE &
BOP

REC-OPR-1-01-

Title

Form No.

Retention

Ref No: CPP-OPR-SOP-101


Issue No:
02
Rev No:
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Eff. Date: 20/06/2014
PAGE
: 68 of 6

Location

Responsibility

Period
1

Shift In Charge
Log Book

1 year

Control Room

Shift In charge

Six Month

Control Room

Shift In charge

Six Month

Control Room

Shift In charge

Two week

Control Room

Shift In charge

Perpetual

Control Room

Shift In charge

Perpetual

Control Room

Shift In charge

Perpetual

Control Room

Shift In charge

OPR-1-01-A

Boiler Log book


OPR-1-01-B

Turbine Log Book


OPR-1-01-C

PTW Record file


OPR-1-01-D

Day ahead
schedule file

OPR-1-01-E

Generation sheet
OPR-1-01-F

Energy-meter
Register

OPR-1-01-G

Prepared by: DM & SM

Approved by: HEAD (POWER PLANT)

Reviewed by: HOD (OPERATION)

Issued by: MR