yhytjtyj

© All Rights Reserved

29 tayangan

yhytjtyj

© All Rights Reserved

- Feb 23
- [J. R. Simonson (Auth.)] Engineering Heat Transfer(B-ok.xyz)
- Heat Conduction
- 4-7-1-SM.pdf
- Aijcsr 24 Pa
- Exp 2 HT Flow Condition Handout
- Final ht
- chap27no1
- modeling weld process
- Conduction Convection Radiation
- Heat Transfer Basics
- Topic
- Invited Overview Tolmac final 30June2007.pdf
- week 7 grade 7 heat
- Fins
- Ashphalt Cooling
- HT Intro1 1314
- Heat Transfer energy conversion
- F I X M E
- Anil

Anda di halaman 1dari 5

journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/enconman

transfer

M. Turkyilmazoglu

Mathematics Department, University of Hacettepe, 06532 Beytepe, Ankara, Turkey

a r t i c l e

i n f o

Article history:

Received 15 September 2014

Accepted 3 December 2014

Available online 20 December 2014

Keywords:

Longitudinal rectangular ns

Stretching/shrinking

Heat transfer

Fin efciency

Fin tip temperature

Exact solutions

a b s t r a c t

The present study deals with the heat transfer enhancement and efciency of longitudinal rectangular n

proles when a stretching or shrinking mechanism is mounted on the surface of the n. Exact analytic

solutions are sought from which the combined effects of some physical parameters like the convection

sink temperature parameter, the Peclet number, the stretching/shrinking parameter and the convectionconduction parameter (Biot number) on the efciency of longitudinal rectangular ns against non

stretched straight rectangular ns can be comparatively analyzed. It is shown that stretching degrades

the efciency, whereas shrinking provides better n efciency pointing to signicant advantages in terms

of n design purposes. Moreover, the presented neat formulae serve a verication tool for the researchers

actively working in the eld, particularly when numerical methods are employed to investigate more

complex phenomena.

2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

1. Introduction

Extended surfaces in the form of longitudinal, radial, spine or

pin, commonly used as ns are for enhancing heat transfer by

increasing the surface area available for convection. They play a

major role in many engineering applications such as airland space

vehicles, automobile radiators, air-cooled engines, chemical, refrigeration, cryogenic processes, electrical and electronic equipments

like CPUs, conventional furnaces and gas turbines, process heat dissipators and waste heat boilers and nuclear-fuel [1,2]. Fins can be

of a variety of geometry-plain, wavy or interrupted-and can be

attached to the inside, outside or to both sides of circular, at or

oval tubes, or parting sheets. The present work yet explores a

new phenomenon on the thermal transport and efciency of the

ns when a mechanism permitting stretching or shrinking of the

surface of them like a conveyer belt is mounted on.

Large amount of publications appeared recently in the literature

investigating various properties of nned heat transfer. To cite a

few, the efciency and optimization of straight ns with combined

heat and mass transfer were implemented in [3]. In [4] the longitudinal ns of rectangular prole, the rectangular ns and the

rotating radial ns of rectangular and other proles were made

use for the heat transfer analysis. Variable thermal conductivity

effects were studied in [5,6]. Torabi and Zhang [7] evaluated

Tel.: +90 03122977850; fax: +90 03122972026.

E-mail address: turkyilm@hotmail.com

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2014.12.007

0196-8904/ 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

straight ns with various proles and considering all nonlinearities. Moitsheki et al. [8] investigated radial ns of various kind.

Porous media approach was fullled in [9] to measure the response

of a heat sink subjected to cooling by a nanouid of Cu-water type.

Hatami and Ganji [10] numerically investigated the efciency of

circular porous ns. Hatami and Ganji [11] made an extensive

analysis considering ceramic-based materials to understand the

behavior of longitudinal porous n proles. Moradi et al. [12]

analyzed the triangular porous ns taking into account thermal

features relying upon temperature. Moleofane and Moitsheki [13]

accounted for linear and nonlinear thermal conductivity to explore

heat transfer through rectangular, radial and spherical extended

surfaces. The exponential types of n proles were found to be

highly efcient in the articles [14,15].

Besides the above literature in which the n is mainly xed,

the n under continuous motion also took attention of the

researchers, since the thermal treatment of moving materials is

necessary to cool down them during manufacturing such as in

extrusion, optical ber drawing, crystal growth, hot rolling and

casting, see [16,17]. To further cite a few of recent moving n

problems, a variable thermal conductivity was studied for a moving n in [18]. Aziz and Lopez [19] examined of the heat transfer

process in a continuously moving sheet or rod of variable thermal

conductivity that loses heat by simultaneous convection and radiation. Solution for convective radiative continuously moving n

with temperature-dependent thermal conductivity was given in

200

Nomenclature

Roman symbols

a; b; c; d constants

fi

dummy variables

Kummer function

1F1

h

convective heat coefcient

hi

dummy variables

H

Hermit function

k

thermal conductivity

L

length of n

N

convectionconduction parameter (Biot number)

Pe

Peclet number

s

rate of stretching/shrinking of the n

s

parameter of stretching/shrinking of the n

T

temperature along the n

Tb

base surface temperature

with multiple nonlinearities. Singla and Das [22] investigated

combined properties of a moving n together with an inverse

problem approach.

The main objective of the present work is to investigate for the

rst time in the literature the effects of n efciency and heat

transfer rate when the ns are exposed to stretching or shrinking

in the direction of motion. Such a mechanism may be manufactured and used in practical applications if it is shown that it is

favorable in terms of efciency of rectangular ns. Within this

aim, closed-form exact formulas are derived for the temperature

eld, n efciency and heat transfer from which the effects of

n movement, stretching and shrinking can be analyzed. It is

found that stretching degrades the performance as compared to

the non stretched longitudinal ns. However, shrinking is shown

to act to enhance the n efciency by extra cooling the surface.

The derived exact solutions also provide a fruitful testing case

when numerical or recently fashionable analytic approximate

methods as frequently employed in the aforementioned literature, are in charge of computing the energy eld for more complex heat transfer phenomena to be investigated in upcoming

potential research.

Ta

U

x

X

local speed of the n

dimensional axial distance

dimensionless longitudinal distance

Greek symbols

g

n efciency parameter

C

gamma function

k

thermal diffusivity

h

scaled temperature

h0

n tip temperature

ha

convection sink temperature parameter

hi

dummy variables

x

X ;

L

T

;

Tb

N2

hL

;

k

Pe

ha

UL

;

k

Ta

;

Tb

s s L;

convectionconduction parameter (Biot number), k is the thermal

diffusivity of the material, Pe is the Peclet number associated with

the speed of the n and s is the dimensionless stretching/shrinking

parameter, the governing dimensionless equation and boundary

conditions for the thermal processing through the impermeable

n (for porosity effects see the recent article [15]) takes the form

of variable coefcient differential equation

d dh

dh

N2 h ha Pe1 sX

0;

dX dX

dX

h0 0 0;

h1 1:

Fin efciency accounts for the reduction in temperature potential between the n and the ambient uid. The physically signicant parameter g standing for the n efciency can be obtained

by means of the base temperature gradient and as the ratio of

actual total heat transfer rate to the maximum possible heat transfer [15]

Consider one-dimensional heat transfer problem due to convection in longitudinal (straight) n of a rectangular prole having

length L, whose conguration is laid out in Fig. 1. The temperature

of the surrounding air is T a (the convection sink temperature) and

the n is situated on the surface of a hot surface of temperature T b

and is surrounded by a coolant having convective coefcient h.

Well-insulated condition is adopted at the n tip. The ns thermal

conductivity k and the convective heat transfer coefcient h are

assumed to be constants for the purpose of gaining exact solutions.

The n is allowed to both move and stretch/shrink horizontally at a

speed U1 s x and the axial coordinate x is measured from the

insulated end of the moving n in contact with the surrounding

uid sooner after the thermal processing terminates. Here U is

the local speed and s is the rate of stretching/shrinking. The

stretching or shrinking of the n can be achieved by coating the

surface with a mechanism similar to a conveying belt.

After an energy balance, the dimensional governing equation of

energy through the n may be found in several publications like

[7,22]. Instead, carrying out the non-dimensionalisation by the

following variables

h0 1

2

N 1 ha

through the rectangular kind n. Another physically signicant

parameter is the n tip temperature h0 to be found as a result

of integrating the system (2).

The system in (2) and (3) shows that the temperature

distribution in the n and hence the n efciency depend on four

parameters, namely, the convectionconduction parameter or Biot

number N, the temperature of convection sink parameter ha , the

Peclet number Pe and the n stretching/shrinking parameter s.

Keeping some of these xed, while varying the rest will provide

useful information regarding the temperature eld, n tip temperature and n efciency in the subsequent analysis.

3. Results and discussion

The exact analytical solutions of temperature eld in (2) will

certainly enrich the collection of exact solutions given in the book

[1] covering only some special circumstances. Similar to the

201

Stretching Shrinking

FIN TIP

FIN BASE

Longitudinal Rectangular fin profile

1

energy Eq. (2) is solved exactly, involving hypergeometric, gamma

and Hermit functions of the advanced mathematics. To accomplish

this, since temperature Eq. (2) has analytic coefcients with the

non-vanishing highest derivative, a regular series expansion is

suitable at the point X 0, generating the solution. The resulting

exact temperature inuenced by N; ha ; Pe and s in the longitudinal

rectangular n proles is expressed by

1

h0

p

1

22a sC 1a

2

pp

p

Pes

1 aePe 2 1 ha 2 sf 3 h1 Pef 4 h2 ha h0

p

;

paPe1 sf 5 f 6 f 1 sf7 Pef8

5

;

3s2 aPe1 sf 5 f 6 f 1 sf7 Pef8

the Hermit function and C is the gamma function. Moreover, the

parameters appearing in (4)(6) are, respectively

Pe1 s2

b

;

2s

N2

a

;

Pes

Pe1 sX2

c

;

2s

r

Pe

d

;

2s

1a 1

1a 1

; ; b ; f 2 1F1

; ;c ;

2 2

2 2

1a 1 2

; ;c ;

f 3 1F1

2 2

f 1 1F1

3a 3 2

; ;c ;

2 2

1a 3 2

; ;c ;

f 6 1F1

2 2

a 3

f 5 1F1 1 ; ; b ;

2 2

a 1

f 7 1 F 1 1 ; ; c2 ;

2 2

a 5

f 9 1F1 1 ; ; b ;

2 2

a 3

f 8 1 F 1 1 ; ; c2 ;

2 2

f 4 1F1

f 10 1 F 1

3a 3

; ;b ;

2 2

h1 H2 a; d;

f 11 1 F 1

3a 5

; ;b ;

2 2

h2 H1 a; d;

h3 H1 a; d1 s;

h4 H1 a; d1 sX;

h0

p

p

p

21 a sf 1 h1 Pef 1 h2 f 3 1 af 4 h3 ;

h1

p

p

p

21 a sf 2 h1 Pef 2 h2 f 3 1 af 4 h4 :

Pes

p

h p

:

p

21 a sf 1 h1 Pef 1 h2 f 3 1 af 4 h3

f 12 sf7 Pef8 3sf10 Pe1 s2 f 11 ;

with the formula recently given in [21] (see Eq. (15) in [21]). In

the case of a standing rectangular n prole Pe 0 the above

solutions are well-documented [13]. It is interesting to observe

from the outlined exact solutions that for rectangular n proles

considered, the n efciency does not depend on the tip convection sink temperature ha , although the temperature considerably

varies with it.

The temperature eld hX, the n efciency g and the n tip

temperature h0 as analytically computed above will be discussed

next. Fin tip temperature values for three selected n physical

parameters are demonstrated in Fig. 2(a)(c). It is clear from these

gures that in the presence of stretching/shrinking mechanism the

n tip temperature is monotonically increased, implying a continuous enhancement of temperature distribution throughout the n

surface under consideration. So, the more is the stretching applied,

the more the surface is heated. The inuence of increasing Pe and

ha is seen to progressively rise the temperature further in the n

as well as the values of tip temperature, whereas the effect is

opposite for stronger convection N as shown in Fig. 2(c), since a

profound cooling is in progress, in physical terms, for more convection loss from the surface. In spite of the fact of growing effect of

the stretching, it is also intriguing to observe from Fig. 2(a)(c) that

shrinking resists against the rising of tip temperature, possessing

lower tip temperatures for higher shrinking. This mechanism

may be important regarding the n efciency as will be demonstrated later on.

The increase in the n tip temperatures as anticipated in

Fig. 2(a)(c) will bring in smaller temperature gradient at the base

so that a lowered n efciency will result in as revealed in Fig. 3(a)

and (b). It is unfortunate that the efciency is further reduced for

increasing Pe; N and s. Fortunately, as implied and hence discussed

from Fig. 2(a)(c), as compared with the surface stretching, the

more is the shrinking means the more is the n efciency. This

202

(a)

0.80

(b)

a=0

N=1

0.78

0.76

1/2

0.80

0.74

1/5

N=1, Pe=1

0.85

0.72

0.75

0.70

a=0

Pe=1/2

0.68

0.70

1.0

0.5

0.0

0.5

(c)

1.0

1.0

0.9

0.5

0.0

0.5

1.0

1/2

0.8 a=0

Pe=1

0.7

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.3

N=2

0.5

1.0

0.0

0.5

1.0

Fig. 2. The n tip temperature versus stretching/shrinking parameter. (a) N 1; ha 0, (b) N 1; Pe 1 and (c) Pe 1; ha 0.

0.8

0.7

Pe=1/2

0.7

1

0.6

0.5

Pe=1

N=1/2

0.6

N=1

0.5

0.4

0.4

0.3

1.0

0.5

0.0

0.5

1.0

1.0

0.5

0.0

0.5

1.0

(b)

(a)

will reduce the speed of thermal processing so that more time of

exposure of the n to the environment takes place yielding cooling

and thus enhanced heat transfer rate.

It is hence concluded that placing a shrinking mechanism on

the surface of the n instead of a stretching mechanism

leads to more economical solution to heat transfer problems in

longitudinal rectangular n design. Besides, the outlined exact

solutions in this paper are signicant in terms of constituting

them as a possible source for the future research on the active

topic.

4. Conclusions

This work is concerned with the heat transfer of longitudinal

rectangular n proles subjected to a mechanism of stretching or

shrinking on the surface, a physical phenomenon introduced rst

time in the literature to the best of authors knowledge. Since the

presented mechanical feature is new it needs an experimental justication warranting further work. The temperature eld, the n

tip temperature as well as the n efciency associated with such

ns are resolved analytically, yielding closed-form solutions. The

combined effects of physical parameters like the convection sink

temperature parameter, the Peclet number, the convectionconduction parameter (Biot number) and the stretching/shrinking

parameter on the straight rectangular ns enable us to reach the

following conclusions in a thermal processing;

Peclet number, convection sink temperature parameter and

stretching/shrinking parameter are all in favor of rising both

n tip temperature and temperature distribution.

The temperature is much reduced by increasing values of Biot

number.

Higher n efciencies take place for shrinking n proles as

compared to stretched ones.

Fin efciency is adversely affected by the increment in Biot

number and Peclet number.

The rectangular straight n proles as commonly used in practical applications may be mounted a shrinking surface on them

at the expense of better n efciency and heat transfer rate.

References

[1] Kraus AD, Aziz A, Welty J. Extended surface heat transfer. New York: John

Wiley & Sons Inc.; 2001.

[2] Lienhard JH, Lienhard JH. Heat transfer textbook. Cambridge,

Massachusetts: Phlogiston Press; 2011.

[3] Sharqawy MH, Zubair SM. Efciency and optimization of straight ns with

combined heat and mass transfer an analytical solution. Appl Therm Eng

2008;28:227988.

[4] Khani F, Aziz A. Analytical solutions for a rotating radial n of rectangular and

various convex parabolic proles. Commun Nonlinear Sci Numer Simul

2010;15:156574.

[5] Rashidi MM, Erfani E. New analytical method for solving Burgers and nonlinear

heat transfer equations and comparison with HAM. Comput Phys Commun

2009;180:153944.

[6] Aziz A, Bouaziz MN. A least squares method for a longitudinal n with

temperature dependent internal heat generation and thermal conductivity.

Energy Convers Manage 2011;52:287682.

203

[7] Torabi M, Zhang QB. Analytical solution for evaluating the thermal

performance and efciency of convectiveradiative straight ns with various

proles and considering all non-linearities. Energy Convers Manage

2013;66:199210.

[8] Moitsheki RJ, Rashidi MM, Basiriparsa A, Mortezaei A. Analytical solution and

numerical simulation for one-dimensional steady nonlinear heat conduction in

a longitudinal radial n with various proles. Heat Trans Asian Res 2013.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/htj.21104.

[9] Hatami M, Ganji DD. Thermal and ow analysis of microchannel heat sink

(MCHS) cooled by Cuwater nanouid using porous media approach and least

square method. Energy Convers Manage 2014;78:34758.

[10] Hatami M, Ganji DD. Investigation of refrigeration efciency for fully wet

circular porous ns with variable sections by combined heat and mass transfer

analysis. Int J Refrig 2014;40:14954.

[11] Hatami M, Ganji DD. Thermal behavior of longitudinal convectiveradiative

porous ns with different section shapes and ceramic materials (SiC and

Si3N4). Ceram Int 2014;40:676575.

[12] Moradi A, Hayat T, Alsaedi A. Convectionradiation thermal analysis of

triangular porous ns with temperature-dependent thermal conductivity by

DTM. Energy Convers Manage 2014;77:707.

[13] Moleofane KJ, Moitsheki RJ. Comparison of exact solutions for heat transfer in

extended surfaces of different geometries. Abstr Appl Anal 2014;2014. 417098

17.

[14] Turkyilmazoglu M. Exact solutions to heat transfer in straight ns of varying

exponential shape having temperature dependent properties. Int J Therm Sci

2012;55:6979.

[15] Turkyilmazoglu M. Efciency of heat and mass transfer in fully wet porous

ns: exponential ns versus straight ns. Int J Refrig 2014;46:15864.

[16] Fisher EG. Extrusion of plastic. New York: John Wiley; 1976.

[17] Kalpakjian S. Manufacturing engineering and technology. India: Pearson

Education; 2001.

[18] Aziz A, Khani F. Convectionradiation from a continuously moving n of

variable thermal conductivity. J Franklin Inst 2011;348:64051.

[19] Aziz A, Lopez RJ. Convectionradiation from a continuously moving, variable

thermal conductivity sheet or rod undergoing thermal processing. Int J Therm

Sci 2011;50:152331.

[20] Singh S, Kumar D, Rai KN. Wavelet collocation solution for convective radiative

continuously moving n with temperature-dependent thermal conductivity.

Int J Eng Adv Technol 2013;2:106.

[21] Saedodin S, Sadegh M, Barforoush M. Comprehensive analytical study for

convectiveradiative continuously moving plates with multiple nonlinearities. Energy Convers Manage 2014;81:1608.

[22] Singla RK, Das R. Application of decomposition method and inverse prediction

of parameters in a moving n. Energy Convers Manage 2014;84:26881.

- Feb 23Diunggah olehRonric Razales
- [J. R. Simonson (Auth.)] Engineering Heat Transfer(B-ok.xyz)Diunggah olehsssss
- Heat ConductionDiunggah olehbhudzy
- 4-7-1-SM.pdfDiunggah olehTechnico Technocrats
- Aijcsr 24 PaDiunggah olehdhavalesh
- Exp 2 HT Flow Condition HandoutDiunggah olehQuanhongLe
- Final htDiunggah olehSayyadh Rahamath Baba
- chap27no1Diunggah olehapi-263830904
- modeling weld processDiunggah olehTadeu Felix
- Conduction Convection RadiationDiunggah olehnavketsharma6280
- Heat Transfer BasicsDiunggah olehDubistWhite
- TopicDiunggah olehNabilaTallat
- Invited Overview Tolmac final 30June2007.pdfDiunggah olehjitender20
- week 7 grade 7 heatDiunggah olehmkraemer
- FinsDiunggah olehAndre M. Rasuandi
- Ashphalt CoolingDiunggah olehAnonymous avI29y
- HT Intro1 1314Diunggah olehAlvin Tung Kwong Choong
- Heat Transfer energy conversionDiunggah olehPierce Hardin
- F I X M EDiunggah olehAbdur Rashid
- AnilDiunggah olehSabarishwaran Sabari
- Ch11Diunggah olehUbadah
- AssignmentDiunggah olehAfzaal Ahmad khan
- A model for predicting the fire-resisting performance of small-scale cavity walls in realistic fires.pdfDiunggah olehjecco
- Ert(Temperature)zDiunggah olehIlya Tsyganovskiy
- ht lecDiunggah olehasifdcet
- (1) IntroductionDiunggah olehrp0212
- ConductionDiunggah olehRenny Eka Dhamayanti
- Heat Conduction.pptxDiunggah olehDiyana Jefry
- 137_Alkayali.pdfDiunggah olehMATHEWSKIZHAKKEVEETT
- Heat PPT.pptxDiunggah olehraghavendrarh6464

- 37 Percent Formaldehyde Aqueous Solution Mixture of Hcho Ch3oh and h2o Sds p6224Diunggah olehJuan Esteban Lopez
- Data Sheet Optris CS LTDiunggah olehJuan Esteban Lopez
- Shinohara 1985Diunggah olehJuan Esteban Lopez
- Corrosion Data Propylene (1)Diunggah olehJuan Esteban Lopez
- Mass transfer from single carbon dioxide bubbles in contaminated water.pdfDiunggah olehJuan Esteban Lopez
- etanol + biodieselDiunggah olehJuan Esteban Lopez
- IUPAC Periodic Table-1May13Diunggah olehAnabel Bianco Artajona
- Grafica Relacion Areas Etanol ButanolDiunggah olehJuan Esteban Lopez

- Gaz Classifieds 150514Diunggah olehDigital Media
- NP Ultra Super Duty S3Diunggah olehJameel Khan
- Panasonic MINAS A5Diunggah olehvairam44
- Power Theft Detection System-IJAERDV04I0272177Diunggah olehEditor IJAERD
- BioplasticDiunggah olehNikhil Udainiya
- 5. Hydraulic Workover OperationsDiunggah olehjuancarlossanchez87
- [Welding] ESAB Brochure XA00099320; Body & Brain - The New Aristo System Brochure, 12 Pages)Diunggah olehagramanasses
- 23. 01-15 Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences 6(1) Page No. 730.pdfDiunggah olehNarendrakumar Gopakumaran
- a) TP50-160-2Diunggah olehEric Ruiz Lopez
- Boiler Emissions GuideDiunggah olehshastrysn
- LegendDiunggah olehbenj
- Design Problem and SolutionDiunggah olehAndrew Bien
- Ventilation of Very Long Tunnels in EuropeDiunggah olehdenichez
- Pearl Rotary Joint E-web.catalog.rj.Rx007Diunggah olehZanes Teh 鋐杰
- Metallurgy FAQ v 1Diunggah olehAcid Burns
- scraperDiunggah olehcindyimelda
- Separator SizingDiunggah olehMadhankumar Lakshmipathy
- PhD Thesis Scan Based Sound Visualization MethodsDiunggah olehAthamaran
- Dump tubeDiunggah olehKrishna Kumar
- 23 11 13 - Gas Meter StationDiunggah olehCarlos Tarquino
- Electric BicycleDiunggah olehdjdkd,f
- CPT Lecture 21 Nitric Acid Process UploadDiunggah olehShubham Choudhary
- Chapter 16 Ppt NewDiunggah olehSachin Salakki
- The Relationship Between Boron Content and Crack Properties in FCAW Weld MetalDiunggah olehVizay Kumar
- Screw Pump MotorDiunggah olehvigneshwarannn
- EIR 2010.04 P1 QP ENG.pdfDiunggah olehDean
- F-2016313Diunggah oleharunkumar23101
- ntpc dadri dimineralization plant training reportDiunggah olehashwani514
- Primus DescriptionDiunggah olehwizardgrt1
- Galloo SEQR FINDINGS STATEMENT March 3, 2010Diunggah olehpandorasboxofrocks