Whereas the Parliament of India has set out to provide a practical regime of right to
information for citizens to secure access to information under the control of public authorities,
in order to promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority,
and whereas the attached publication of the Bureau of Indian Standards is of particular interest
to the public, particularly disadvantaged communities and those engaged in the pursuit of
education and knowledge, the attached public safety standard is made available to promote the
timely dissemination of this information in an accurate manner to the public.
1 +, 1 +
01 ' 5
Jawaharlal Nehru
! $ ' +
Satyanarayan Gangaram Pitroda
! > 0 B
BharthariNtiatakam
(m@m)
Indian Standard
First Revision )
ICS
53.040
0 BIS 1999
BUREAU
OFINDIANSTANDARDS
July
1999
DELHI
110002
Price Group
14
NATIONAL FOREWORD
This Indian Standard which is identical with IS0 5049l : 1994 Mobile equipment for continuous
handling of bulk materials  Part 1: Rules for the design of steel structures issued by the International
Organization for Standardization (ISO), was adopted by the Bureau of Indian Standards on the
recommendations of the Bulk Handling Systems and Equipment Sectional Committee and approval
of the Heavy Mechanical Engineering Division Council.
This standard was first published in 1991. This (first) revision has been carried out to align it with
IS0 5049l : 1994.
The text of IS0 standard has been approved for publication aslndian Standard without deviations.
Certain terminology and conventions are, however, not identical to those used in Indian Standards.
Attention is particularly drawn to the following:
a)
Wherever the words International Standard appear referring to this standard, they should be
read as Indian Standard.
b)
Comma(.) has been used as a decimal marker while in Indian Standards, the current practice
is to use full stop (.) as the decimal marker.
In the adopted standard, reference appears to certain International Standards for which Indian
Standards also exist. The corresponding Indian Standards which are to be substituted in their place
are listed below along with their degree of equivalence for the editions indicated:
In terna tional
Standard
Corresponding Indian
Standard
Degree of
Equivalence
Identical
Related
Technically
Equivalent
Technically
Equivalent
ln reporting the results of afest or analysis made in accordance with this standard, if the final value,
observed or calculated, is to be rounded off, it shall be done in accordance with IS 2 : 1960 Rules for
rounding off numerical values (revised).
IS 13148 (Partl):1999
IS0 50491:1994
Contents
Page
1
Scope
Normative
references
Loads
.........................................................................................
3.1
Main loads
3.2
Additional
3.3
Special loads
.. . . . .. . .. .. . .. . . . .. . . . ... . . . .. . .. . . .. . .. . . .. .. .. .. . . .. .. . . .. .._.....
1
1
1
..............................................................................
.. . . . .. . . . . .. . . .. . . . .. . . . .. . . .. .. . . .. . .. . . .. .. . . .. . .. . .. .. . . .. .. .. .. .. 4
loads
. . .. . .. . .. .. . . .. . . . .. . . . .. .. . .. .. . . .. . .. . . .. .. . . . .. .. . . .. .. . . .. .. . .. . .. .. .. 8
.. . . . .. . . . . . .. . . .. . . . . .. . .. . . . .. . .. . .. . . .. . . . .. .. . . .. . .. . . .. .. . . .. .. . . .. .. .. .. .. 9
Load cases
Design of structural
stress analysis
. . .. . . .. .. . . 10
5.1
General
5.2
Characteristic
5.3
11
5.4
Checking
loads
11
6
l
. .. . . .. . .. . . .. . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . .. . .. .. . .. . . . .. . . .. . .. . . .. .. . . .. . .. . .. . .. . . .. .. . . .. . .. . .. . .. . . ..
10
..,..............................................................................
values of materials
.. .. . .. . . . .. . . . . .. . .. .. . .. . . .. . .. .. .. . . . . 10
of framework
elements submitted to compression
. ..___...............................................................................
stress checking
..........................
13
........................................................................
6.1
Welded
6.2
6.3
6.4
Cables
Calculation
for joints
joints
13
......................................................
joints
15
20
...................................................................................
7.1
General
7.2
Allowable
7.3
Characteristic
. . . .. . . . .. . . . . .. . . . .. . .. . .. .. . . . .. . . . .. . . . .. . .. . . . .. . . .. . . .. . . .. . . . .. . .. . . .. . . . .. 20
stress, uD
Exceeding
Safety against
.............................................................
allowable
stresses
overturning
fatigue
strength
............
20
21
.................................................
46
......................................................
48
(i)
IS
IS0
13148
(Part 1 )~: 1999
5049l
: 1994
9.1
9.2
Additional precautions
..........................................................
46
10
...........................................................
46
............. ................. 46
Annex
A
( ii )
Bibliography
Indian Standard
( First Revision )
Scope
;2
This part of CSO5049 establishes rules for determining the loads, types and combinations of loads (main,
additional and special loadsj~which must be taken into
account when designing steel structures for mobile
continuous bulk handling equipment.
This part of IS0 5049 is applicable to railmounted
mobile equipment for continuous handling of bulk
materials, .especially to

stackers,
shiploaders,
Normative
references
. reclaimers,
excavators,
scrapers,
3
stackers
handling equipment
Loads
They include,
others:
material
incrustation;
In addition, it may be necessary to take into account the loads occurring on certain parts of the
structure during assembly.
normal
loads;
digging
permanent
inclination
dynamic
elements
3.1
3.1.1
of the machine;
snow
temperature
abnormal
resistances
horizontal
nonpermanent
Dead loads
Material
3.1.2.1.1
load;
reclaiming
device
Where there is no capacity limiter, the design capacity is that resulting from the maximum crosssectional area of the conveyor multiplied
by the
conveying speed.
effects.
Unless otherwise
specified
in the contract, the
crosssectional
area shall be determined
assuming
a surcharge angle r3 = 20.
The maximum sections of materials conveyed
calculated in accordance with IS0 5048.
c)
blocking
of chutes;
blocking
lateral
slope;
collision
no builtin
b)
others:
of travelling
Units with
and travel;
The special
loads comprise
the loads which
should not occur during and outside the operation
of the equipment
but the occurrence of which is
not to be excluded.
among
Material
and reclaimers
a)
and lateral resistance;
due to friction
loads
in operation;
load;
digging
loads
effects;
Main
The additional
loads are loads that can occur
intermittently
during operation of the equipment
or when the equipment
is not working;
these
loads can either replace certain main loads or be
added to the main loads.
They include,
or the bucket
lad
are
a) or b)
of the
may be
the up
devices;
of the bucket
wheel
with
the
3.1.2.1.2
Units fitted with a reclaiming
(bucket wheel or bucket chain)
a)
buffer effects;
dead loads;
c)
b)
among
not in operation;
device
Where there is no capacity limiter, the design capacity is I,5 times the nominal filling capacity of
b)
limiters, the
thus limited.
load factor:
3.1.2.2
for bucket

b)
for bucket

wheels
onequarter
full;
of all available
buckets
are 100 %
chains
in contact
Material
on the conveying
devices, 10 % of the material
load calculated according to 3.1.2;
for bucket wheels, the weight
of a 5 cm thick
layer of material
on the centre of the bucket
wheel, considered as a solid disc up to the cutting
circle;
for bucket chains, 10 % of the design material
load calculated according to 3.1.2, uniformly distributed over the total length of the ladder.
3.1.4
up to the
with the
sprocket
are
Normal
digging
3.1.4.1
3.1.2.3
devices
Normal
be calculated
as concentrated
wheels as acting at the most
the cutting circle, and on bucket
point onethird of the way along
in contact with the face.
digging
resistance
in the hoppers
the figures
3.1.3
3.1.4.2
Incrustation
Normal
lateral
indicated
in
above method of
digging resistance
as a result of tests
digging resistance
operation.
resistance
Unless otherwise
specified, the normal lateral resistance can be assumed to be 0.3 times the value of the
normal digging resistance.
IS
IS0
3.1.5
m.
3.1.6
3.1.6.1
In general, the dynamic effect of the digging
resistances, the falling masses at the transfer points,
the rotating parts of machinery, the vibrating feeders,
etc. need only be considered as acting locally.
3.1.6.2
The inertia forces due to acceleration
and
braking of moving structural parts shall be taken into
account.
These can be neglected
for appliances
working outdoors if the acceleration
or deceleration
is
less than 0,2 m/s*.
If possible, the drive motors and brakes shall be designed in such a way that the acceleration
value of
O,2 m/s2 is not exceeded.
If the number of load cycles caused by inertia forces
due to acceleration
and braking is lower than 2 x IO4
during the lifetime of the machine, the effects shall
be considered as additional loads (see also 3.2.7).
is the wind
The aerodynamic
ation is then
speed in metres
pressure
during
per second.
the handling
oper
4 = 0.25 kN/m*
Calculating
wind action:
It shall be assumed
tally in all directions,
can blow
horizon
3.1.7
loads
1) 1 kPa = 1 kN/m
is the
newtons
is an aerodynamic
coefficient
taking into
account the overpressures
and underpressures on the various surfaces. It depends
on the configuration
of the structural
elements; its values are given in table 1.
aerodynamic
pressure,
per square metre;
in
kilo
Additional
Wind
IS 13148
(Partl):
IS0
5049l :1994
on h and b
q)=+
A,
is the
voids);
is the distance
ing each other.
enveloped
area
(solid
1999
portions
where
is the visible
Table 1 
between
the surfaces
fac
area);
1.6

Solidweb
20
10
5
2
tor
or
box girders
q fin kilonewtons
Certain values
I
I
12
<l
12
Values of reducing coefficient q as a function of cp= A/A, and the ratio b/h
OL
0.1
0.7
of c can be lowered if wind tunnel tests show that the values contained in the table are too high
Table 2 
p+
1.3
d&z1
Tubular lattice
NOTE 
I,4
d&OOq
(in metresl
1.6
0,3
0.5
0.5
ON4
b/h = 0.5
0.75
0.4
0.32
0.21
b/h = 1
0.92
0,75
0.59
0.43
0.15
0.25
7
0.05
0.8
0.05
0.05
0.1
1PO.lmI
0.1
b/h = 2
0.95
0,8
0.63
0,5
0.33
0.2
0.2
0,2
b/h = 4
0,88
0,76
0,66
0,55
0.45
0,45
0.45
b/h = 5
0,95
0,88
0,81
0,75
0.68
0.68
0,68
NOTE 
IS
13148
(Part 1 ) : 1999
5049l : 1994
IS0
_ b
_

a)
Figure 1 
if the wheel
blh=6
b)
if the wheel
3.1.2.2:
and chain
are loaded
according
to
0.6
0.6
The abnormal
lateral resistance
is calculated
as in
3.1.4.2, thereby considering
a load of 0.3 times the
abnormal digging resistance.
If appropriate,
this load can be calculated
from the
working torque of an existing cutout device at least
equal to 1,l times the sum of the torques due to the
inclination of the machine (see 3.1.7) and to wind load
for machines in operation (see 3.2.1).
0
02
0.4
Figure 2 
0,6
0.8
PA
1
A@
a)
3.2.2
Frictional resistances
need only be calculated
long as they influence the sizes.
The friction
lows:
b)
coefficients
for
structural
/.L= 0,25
on wheels
on wheels
/l = 0,l
The abnormal
between
resistance
acting tangentially
to
parts
with
of railmounted
of
crawler
as fol
g = 0, IO
digging
shall be calculated
Temperature
Temperature
effects need only be considered
in special cases, for example
when using materials with
very different expansion coefficients
within the same
component.
as
3.2.3
3.2.5
sliding
friction:
to travel,
the fric
machines:
crawlermounted
and ground:
P = 0,03
machines:
P = 0,60
Figure
3.2.6
Reactions perpendicular
movement
of appliance
3 
Appliances
on rails
0.2
0.15
0.1
0.05
P
0
The components
of this couple are obtained
by
multiplying the vertical load exerted on the wheels or
bogies by a coefficient
I which depends on the ratio
of the rail gauge, p, to the wheel or bogie trvheel
base, a.
To calculate the couple Hy,take the centre of gravity
S of the appliance on the ya,xis in an unfavourable
position in relation to sides 1 and 2.
there are horizorltal
between
the guiding
value a.
Figure4
ratio.
of 1 as a function
of the p/a
4
Figure
3.2.7
Nonpermanent
6
4 
Values
dynamic
10
12 a
of I
effects
3.3
Special
3.31
derailment
or rail fracture. The maximum drive effort
of nonblocked
wheels shall then be determined.
It
shall not exceed the frictiontransmitted
effort between wheels and rails.
loads
Blockage
of chutes
wheel
or the bucket
Where safety devices, for example slack rope safeguard for rope suspensions
or pressure switches for
hydraulic hoists, are installed which prevent the full
weight of the bucket wheel or the bucket ladder from
coming to rest, the allowable
resting force shall be
calculated as a special load at I,1 times its value.
Where
special
weight.
3.3.3
3.3.5
Lateral collision with the slope in the case
of bucket wheel machines
The maximum
lateral resistance in bumping against
the slope is determined
by the safety coupling in the
slewing gear or the kinetic energy of the superstructure. This load shall be applied in accordance
with
3.1.4. In calculating
the lateral resistance from the
kinetic
energy,
a theoretical
braking
distance
of
30 cm and a constant braking deceleration
shall be
assumed.
3.3.6
b)
Locking of travelling
need
3 
Aboveground
height of the
Wind speed
Aerodynamic
pressure
reclaim
reclaiming
not be taken
of the
For equipment
mounted on fixed rails, a wheel
be considered
as blocked (i.e. unable to rotate
sliding on the rail).
3.3.7
devices
For railmounted
equipment,
it shall be taken into account that bogies may be blocked, for example by
derailment or rail fracture. For the loads occurring under such conditions,
the coefficient
of friction between
driven wheels
and rails shall be taken as
P = 0,25 provided that the drive motors can generate
sufficient power.
can
but
For equipment
mounted on movable rails, blocking of
a trailing wheel or bogie shall be assumed as due to
machines
calculation,
see 3.2.1.
Buffer effects
3.3.8
Load cases
3.3.9
Erection
loads
Subclause
Load combinations
3.1.3
3.1.4
3.1.5
3.1.6
3.1.7
3.2.1
3.2.2
3.2.3
3.24
3.2.5
3.2.6
3.2.7
3.3.1
3.3.2
3.3.3
3.3.4
3.3.5
3.3.6
3.3.7
3.3.8
3.3.9
Dead loads
Material loads on conveyors, reclaiming
devices and hoppers
Incrustation
Normal digging and lateral resistances
Forces on the conveyor
Permanent dynamic effects
Loads due to inclination of machine
Wind load during operationz)
Snow and ice (possibly)
Temperature (possibly)
Abnormal digging and lateral resistances
Resistances due to friction and travel
Reactions perpendicular to the rail
Nonpermanent dynamic effects
Blockage of chutes
Bucketwheel resting
Failure of safety devices
Locking of travelling device
Lateral collision with the slope (bucket
wheel)
Wind load on nonoperating machine
Buffer effects
Loads due to earthquakes
Erection loads (dead loads in particular
situations)
Type of load
I
3.1 .I
3.1.2
shall
Ill
1
II
2
Ill
3

II
4
Ill
5

II)
6

II
7
Ill
8
II
Ill
9
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
The removal of abnormal digging resistances (see 3.2.4) shall be ensured, when necessary, by appropriate devices
(rocking device which prevents slewing of appliance when out of service due to wind force)
I 2)
See 3.2.7.
5 Design of structural
stress analysis
5.1
General
beyond
the permissible
stress, and, possibly,
crippling
Table
5 
exceeding
Characteristic
fatigue
strength.
The crosssections
to be used in such analysis shall
be the net sections for all parts which are subjected
to tension (i.e. deducting the area of holes) and the
crosssections
for all parts which are subjected
to
pressure (i.e. without deducting the area of holes); in
the latter instance,
holes are only included
in the
crosssection when they are filled by a rivet or bolt.
Conventional
strength
of materials
calculation
cedures shall be used to calculate the strength.
5.2
or
the permissible
Characteristic
For structural
shall be used.
steel
values
members,
pro
of materials
the values
in table5
values of materials
Material
(1SO 630)
Grade
Fe 360
Fe 430
R po,2, min.
Quality
e) < 16
N/mm2
N/mm2
235
225
215
235
225
215
235
225
215
236
225
215
275
265
255
275
265
255
275
265
255
275
265
255
a/
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
K
360 to 460
21 x lo4
61 x IO4
1.2 x 1o5
430 to 530
21 x IO4
8,l x lo4
I,2 x 1o5
490 to 630
21 x IO4
8.1 x lo4
1.2 x lo
35 < e < 50
I3
355
345
335
355
345
335
355
345
335
1) e = thickness in millimetres
10
16<e<35
R,
40 < e < 63
N/mm2
e) < 16
Fe510
16<e<40
stresses
with
For high yield point steels RpO,JR, > 0,7, the allowable stresses, ug, shall satisfy the following condition:
where
The allowable stresses shall be as follows, for structural members subjected to tension or compression
and to the extent they are not liable to buckling:
Rpo.2 and R,
uE52
and
uR52
R
Case I: a, = *
R
Case II: oa = *
Oa52
R
Case Ill: u, = $$
5.4
Checking of framework elements
submitted to compression
loads
a = 
of the
It 3
For combined loads, if a stress a,, a normal stress ar
perpendicular to the latter and a shear stress 71y occur
simultaneously on a flat plate, the following condition
shall be satisfied for the resultant combined stress
In general, checking of framework elements submitted to compression loads and subject to column and
beam buckling or to plate and shell buckling shall be
undertaken using existing national rules. These should
be applied carefully in relation to load cases I, II and
III.
Checking of safety against plate and shell buckling
shall be undertaken as shown in 5.4.1 to 5.4.3.
OCP.
5.4.1
Buckling
of flat plates
oCp=J~4ba
Allowable stresses
Values in newtons per square millimetre
(1 N/mm* = 1 MPa)
Fe 360
Structural steel
Fe 510
Fe 430
II
Ill
II
Ill
II
Ill
Tension or compressionll, ug
160
180
200
180
210
230
240
270
300
Shear. 5.
93
104
116
104
121
131
139
157
174
Load case
1)
When crippling
of the compressed
members
is not possible.
11
54.2
Suckling
of cylindrical
circular shells
vB =Q
%ki
CP
or
v B,
~a==~
CP
where
uti = 0,2 *
is the comparative
where
E
5.4.3
Safety factors
Table
7 
Component
$3=%
or
yB =s
(see table 7)
buckling,
vB
For the walls of closed box girders which are subjected to bending loads around the two main axes, the
values for the web plates are decisive.
For rectangular plates forming members of a bar under compression, the security regarding buckling, vs,
shall not be lower than the allowable security regarding buckling of the whole bar.
12
Table
8 
Buckting
StWSSeS,
a,k
Fe 360
Fe 430
Fe 510
157
1~92
200
210
220
230
vki
192
198
204
208
211
vki
vki
vki
210
217
222
vki
vki
vki
vki
vki
240
214
226
250
260
270
216
218
219
229
231
234
vki
vki
vki
280
290
300
320
340
360
380
400
420
440
460
480
500
550
600
650
700
800
221
222
223
225
227
228
229
230
231
232
232
233
233
234
235
235
236
237
237
239
240
236
237
239
241
243
245
246
248
249
249
250
251
252
253
254
254
255
256
257
259
260
1 000
2 000
co
stress
vki
vki
vki
290
297
308
315
320
325
328
331
334
336
338
339
343
345
347
348
351
353
357
360
with
the allowable
DWCP=J~<6,
6.1
Welded joints
where
a
zx = xu
aa
ay = xx
a,all.
a,all.
13
Tnhla
._._ 9_ 1.ype of
weld
Weld
quality
Special
quality
utt weld
I the
sickness
f asembled
lements
Main
nf
wnld
iaints
_
___._._... tvnns
a.I
Weld~preparation
Example of
symbolsI)
Test methods
Symbols
P 100
&4
Standard
quality
P 100
0, as a function of K (see
7.2.2)
x
Cdouble
blevel
tButt weld
ir the
lngle
; ormed
t mythe
t wo comFjonents
Lwith a
Egroove in
()ne of
t he as<sembled
f4ements
ijt the
rOat
Iillet
Neld in
the angle
formed
by the
assembled
components
Special
quality
LL
Standard
quality
&I!+_
Special
quality
<3mm
or02e
tl
K
V
q q
DL
rc
Standard
quality
Bo
1) Weld symbols are taken from IS0 2553; see also IS0 5817 and IS0 6520.
14
IS 13148 (Parti):
IS0 5049l: 1994
Table 10 
Allowable
Types of welding
160
quality
180
200
1 173
195
216
240
!l
130
145
?I3
127
163
141
157
176
138
153
( ~270
1 300
195
220
244
170
191
212
8hearing stress
AI! types of welds
6.2
Bolted
and riveted
141
123
6.2.2 Nonfitted
joints
boYts (forged
black bolts)
The tolerance
in the case of variable load always in the same direction (~2 0): IS0 HI l/h1 12 gaige;
6.2.3
Rivets
(K <
to tensile
load
15
IS 13148
(Partl)
IS0
50491:1994
:1999
._w._
Kind of
fastemers
Type
....a
steel grade or
strength class
=8...aee.x*
..
YVICS
mm.
Allowable shear
stress
Load case
.,.wta
Allowable
diamatral pressure
Allowable
tensile stress
N/t%?
N,Zll2
N,kl2
4.6
IS0
96
210
100
II
108
240
113
270
125
144
315
150
162
360
170
Ill
180
405
188
128
280
100
II
144
320
113
360
125
120
III
Pure shear
0.60,
I
6.6
IS0
Fittedbolts
4.6
IS0
II
160
Ill
Multipleshear
1.750,
0.80,
5.6
1.30a
4.6
IS0
IS0
192
420
150
II
216
480
170
Ill
240
540
188
80
160
100
II
so
180
113
(200)
125
Ill
donfitted bolts
(100)
00
0.50,
5.6
A34
IS0
80
160
150
II
so
180
170
Ill
(100)
(200)
188
96
210
II
108
240
270
120
Ill
0.6~7,
Pure shear
A44
1,20,
144
315
II
162
360
III
180
405
128
280
II
144
320
360
Rivets
A34
160
Ill
A44
16
1,75aa
0,80,
Multiple shear
192
420
II
216
480
Ill
240
540
6.3.1
Forces parallel
(symbol r)
T=Fxpxn
a
r ~~
Coefficients
Metal of the
~~ I
joints (IS0 630)
12 
Table
by friction
of friction,
Simply
prepared
surfaces
(removal of paint
and oil and
removal of rust
by brushing)
Specially
treated
surfaces
(flaming, sand
blasting, shot
blasting)
0.3
0.5
to the mating
0,3
Q5
0,3
0,55
6.3.1.2
vT
where
is the tensile
is the coefficient
surfaces;
is
vT
is the slipping
of the mating
Table
of friction
regarding
13 
slipping
regarding
Slipping
surfaces;
are
VT
I
II
Ill
safety.
slipping
safety
Load case
I
the number
coefficients
Allowable
safety coefficients
given in table 13.
Safety
I I
I,4
I,25
1.1
stress is:
for a normal
case: uF = 0,7R,o,2
(This determination
takes into account the
ditional stresses when the bolt is tightened.)

for an exceptional
(In this instance,
bolt is tightened
the
6.3.1.1
Coefficients
The coefficients
of friction
of friction,
6.3.1.3
loads
and transmissible
ad
case: uF = 0,8R,,,,
the danger of stripping when
shall be taken into account.)
Highstrength
frictiongrip bolt
by washers which shall have
the same degree as that of
mediate spring washers shall
need not be specially secured.
Tightening
torques
IS0 strength
R, = 1 000 N/mm2 to
plane
per
class 10.9
1 200 N/mm2
Rpo,2=900N/mm2
OF = 0,7R,a,, (normal case)
For a bolt wrth a yield point R,,,,, the values of the
forces and torques of table 14 shall be multiplied
by
the ratio
R,,,,/900
17
IS 13148 (Partl):1999
IS0
5049l : 1994
Table
10
58
14 
36.6
72
Transmissible
7.8
loads as a function
10
88
13.1
14,6
16,6
terques
14,4
16,l
18,3
12
84.3
53,3
126
11.4
12,8
14,5
19,l
21,4
24,2
21
23,5
26.7
14
115
72.6
200
15,5
17,4
19.7
25,9
29
33
28,5
31,9
36.3
16
157
99
310
21,2
23.8
27,5
35.4
39.6
45
38,9
43,6
49,5
18
192
121,5
430
26
29,2
33,l
43,4
48.7
55,2
47.9
53.5
60.9
20
245
155
610
33.2
37,2
42.2
55.4
62
70,5
61
68.2
77,5
22
303
192
830
41.1
46.1
52.2
68,s
76,8
87.1
75,5
84.5
96
47,5
53.2
60.4
79.2
88.7
100,s
87,2
97,5
111
62,l
69.6
78
103.5
116
132
114
127,5
145
24
353
222
1050
27
459
290
1540
When precautions
are taken
(gF = 0,8K,,,,),
these values
1.14.
Bolts pretensioneo
with such loads shall not be additionally subject to tensile stress.
6.3.2
Forces perpendicular
(symbol N)
metal construction,
on the length of tightening,
the diameter of the bolt, d.
For the normal
with
OF = 0,7&
Highstrength
frictiongrip
transmit a tensile force N.
bolts
can
lg, and
0,12R,,,,
x F,
v, x 4
simultaneously
case where
N, =
where
it
is
then
T = (F  NJ x P x n
a
vT
The additional tensile force increases the bolt stress
after tightening
by a certain sum which depends on
the elasticity
of the bolt and of the compressed
members. This relationship can be taken into account
by the coefficient
of elongation,
C#J,
which depends,
for solid steel plates and for the type of bolt used in
18
of tightening
AS
of the bolt
tensile forces N, for the
and tightening
lengths.
IS 13148
(Partl):
IS0
50491:1994
Table
I,/dl)
4
1)
15 
Coefficient
I,5
25
3.5
4.5
55
65
7,5
0,43
0,42
0,4
0,36
0.36
0.33
0,32
0.3
0.29
0.27
0,26
0,25
0.24
0,22
0,21
d is the diameter
of tightening;
Table
16 
Allowable
of the bolt.
tensile
d=16mm
'ightening
length
F=99
kN
load case
10
fd
0,5
I, is the length
mm
of elonaation.
1999
d=24mm
F=155kN
F = 222 kN
load case
load case
II
Ill
II
III
II
Ill
kN
kN
kN
kN
kN
kN
kN
kN
kN
26.2
29,a
32.8
33,6
41.6
46,9
52
48
53.3
60,5
68,l
75,6
16
27
30.4
22
27,7
31,2
34,4
42,7
28
29,2
32,5
35,a
44,2
49,7
55,3
62
69,8
77,5
34
30.4
34
37,6
45,4
51
56,8
63,5
71,5
79,5
40
31.5
355
39.2
46,6
52,4
58,2
65
73,3
81,6
46
33
37,6
41,5
47,9
53,a
59,a
66.4
74,7
a3
52
34,2
38.8
42,a
49,a
56,l
62.3
67,4
76
84,4
58
35,5
40
44.1
52
58,5
65
69
77,a
86,5
64
37,a
42.5
47
53.7
60,3
67
72
ai
90
70
39,2
44.2
48,6
55.4
62.2
69
74,a
a4
93,5
76
40,6
45,a
50,4
57.1
64,2
71.2
77
86.7
96,5
a2
42
47,4
52,3
59
66,3
73,a
79.4
89,4
99,5
88
43,7
49,2
54.3
61
68,6
7683
a2
92,2
102,5
94
45,5
51,2
56,5
63.3
71
79
83,3
94
104
100
46,5
52,2
57,a
65.6
73,7
a2
84.8
95.5
106
NOTE 
class 10.9:
1 TigzIzing:
uF = 0,7R,,,,
(normal
case)
19
7.2
6.4 Cables
6.4.1
The foilowing
types
Allowable stress, a,
7.2.1
17 
Cable safety
Type of cable
cables
of loads
The frequency
of loads is the working period of an
appliance during its lifetime and the repetition cycles
expected in the course of this period from the various
structural members and joints.
8.4.2
The safety of the cables indicated in 6.4.1 shall
be ensured against the breaking stress ~for the load
case II forces (main and additional loads), in accordance with table 17.
Table
Frequency
Winch
cables
cycles
cycles
General
fatigue
strength
Qmin
a max
or
cycles
stress ratio
K.=
7min
7max
Stress spectrum
Construction
case
checking
20
K=..
Ultimate
with repetition
IS 13148
(Partl):1999
IS0
50491:1994
No.
C.,...k..ll\
Dascriation
and _
svmhnlizatinn
_..
r_._.. _.._
, ...__..___._.. nf
. ihr
.._ main
..._... eeat
__
Y,lllYl
011
Elements
connected
by single or double V butt
weld (special quality) perpendicular
to the stress
direction, flush finished in the direction of the external forces.
P 100
asymmetrical
symmetrical
connecting
connecting
by sinperpen
9(
I4
slope: l/3
;h
P 100
,_I?_/
013
&4
L
a\
zz
KI
P 100
k
014
weld
(special
quality)
St
of
A6
P 100
,f
x
021
P 100
or P
Elements
connected
by single or double V butt
weld carried out parallel to the stress direction.
022
Single or double
flange and web.
V butt
weld
between
lsection
:/c_
zs
P 100
nor P
IS 13148 (Partl):1999
IS0 50491:1994
No.
SvmboW
023
Elements
connected
by double bevel butt weld
with double fillet weld carried out parallel to the
stress direction.
K
I7
Csso K,
111
Elements
connected
by single or double
weld perpendicular
to the stress direction.
&ii
V butt
P
P 100
or P
112
113
asymmetrical
connecting
slope:
l/5 to l/4 or
I
symmetrical
connecting
slope: 113
P
PlOO
or P
X
y
V butt weld
per
X
y
114
Single
joint.
or double
V butt
weld
of web
transverse
/I~]~
!
129
V
Elements
connected
by single or double
weld parallel to the stress direction.
V butt
X
23
13148
IS
ISO
No.
( Part
5049l
1 )
1999
1994
Case K,
123
Elements connected
stress direction.
by fillet
weld
: Moderate
Svmhnll)
,..
parallel to the
cc
D
131
K
Vcc
Continuous
main element on which the parts perpendicular
to the stress direction
are fixed by
double bevel continuous weld (special quality).
/
132
Continuous
element on which discs perpendicular
to the stress direction are fixed by double bevel
continuous weld (special quality).
133
LL
KT
cc
B (c
III
V
IA
154
quality)
24
K
Vcc
No.
Dascriatian
..
avmhalintinn
r _._..and
_.._ ,........
Case K,
211
nf 4hr
C.,...hnll)
_. _.._.mrin
.._... CI~M
_
P 100
or P
d
X
P
Parts of different thicknesses
connected
by single
or double V butt weld (special quality) perpendicular to the stress direction:
212
asymmetrical
connecting
slope:
?!!i
I
l/3 or
I

symmetrical
connecting
slope:
JI _
P
P 100
or P
l/2
213
g

P 100
g
c_p
P
214
Parts connected
to a gusset by single or double
V butt weld (special quality) perpendicular
to the
stress direction.
P 100
d
25
Description
Case K2
and symbolization
: Medium
Continuous
element on which the parts are fixed
by continuous
double fillet weld (special quality)
perpendicular to the stress direction.
Continuous
element on which discs are fixed
double fillet weld (special quality) perpendicular
the stress direction.
by
to
Continuous
element
parts
Continuous
element
on which parts ending in
chamfers or fillets are welded parallel to the stress
direction. These seam ends are carried out in the
Continuous
element on which a flange chamfered
l/3 is welded. The end of the seam is carried out
in the area characterized
by fillet weld (special
quality) with (I = 0.5 e
26
stress concentration
(continuedl
Symboll)
Ph.
Description
and symbolization
Case K2
_____
Contmuous
eiement on which
flllot ;held !sGeClal quaky).
hubs
: Medium
are fixed
stress concentration
Symbol)
lconciudeed)
by
DoAe
bevei cont!nuous
weld (special quality)
perpendctiiar
:o rk stress dxection between parts
srosi~rig sach c:hc: icross jointi.
Dc:~ble
Sew
ioptinuous
weld (speciai quality) between f;ar?ge apd web III the case of individual
stresses wlrhlrl
a piane through
the web perpendcular to the sear7
Doub!e
bevel continuous
weld
between
web
and
Elernents
connected
by single or double V butt
weld carried otit on one side, on a supported base,
perpendicular
to the stress direction.
27
No.
Description
and symbolization
Case K, : Severe
stress concentration
Symbol)
(continued)
313
28
asymmetrical
symmetrical
connecting
position
slope: l/2 or
without
connecting
slope
Butt weld Joint and continuous element, both perpendicular to the stress direction, where the flats
cross, with welded auxiliary gussets. The ends and
the seams are ground, thereby avoiding forming
of notches.
314
Tubes connected
by single or double V butt weld,
the supported base of which is not covered by a
sealing run.
331
Continuous
element on which parts are fixed
double fillet weld perpendicular
to the stress
rection.
333
Flanges
weld to
fication
the fillet
by
di
$4

P 100
or P
No.
Descriation
and
svmbolizatian
_ .
_ . .
of
tha
_. . _ main
. . . _. . . eases
___
_ _
Continuous
element at the edges of which parts
parallel to the stress direction are fixed by fillet
weld
(special
quality).
These
parts finish
by
chamfers.
The ends of the seams are ground,
Continuous
elements
through which a plate with
the corners cut off, welded parallel to the stress
drrection, is passed. The seam ends are carried out
by double bevel continuous
weld (special quality)
inthearea
10e.
Continuous
element on which a flange is welded
with e, 6 1.5 e2. The end of the seam is carried out
p
IS 13148
(Part 1): 1999
IS0
5049l :1994
No.
Description
and symbolization
Case K3 : Severe
sections
parts
Symbol)
stress concentration
fconcludedl
..
7
~No.
Symboll)
412
Vcc
P
413
414
433
441
K
V
n
31
IS 13148
(Partl):1999
IS0
50491:1994
No.
Symbol11
442
442
444
445
446
447
32
Continuous
elements
on which
sections are fixed by fillet weld.
W
assembled
n
IS 13148 (Partl):1999
IS0 50491:1994
No.
Symbol)
33
19 
Table
Tension
and compression
Allowable
in the material
fatigue
strength,
a,, (N/mm*)
cases W, to I(,
Class A units (see 7.2.1)
I
1
(I,8 0,6
0,4
0.2
0,2
O,$
0,6
0.8
wx
Fe360=160
+e 430=175
 200 N/mm2
Steel
Fe510
240Nlmm2
0.2
0,4
0,,6
0.8
t
1
.s?
PI
0,8
0.6
1
I
d.4
0.2
CX
I
ISO
 240N/mm2
34
N/mm?
N/mm2
IS
IS0
Table 20 Tension
and compression
in the material
cases W, to K,
Class
B units be
7.2.1)
N/mm2
N/mm2
i
.P
160 N/mm2
175 N/mm2
I
E
s
 200 N/mm2
Steel Fe 510
I
I/I
/I/
c240
N,
240
m2
N/ mm2
35
IS
IS0
mats1
200 N/mm2
1
0.8
0,6
0,4
0,2
0,z
0,4
0,6
0.8
200 N/mm2
I
,!
1
I
Fe
510
= 170
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
1
 0.8
0.6
 0.4
0,2
0,2
0.4
0,6
0.6
37
Table 23 
metal
200 N/mm2
Fe430=101 N/mm2
Fe 360= 92,3N/mm2
50 .
1
0,2
0,4
0,6
0.8
bX
1
200N/mm2
Fe 510=170
N/mm2
Fe430=124 N/mm2
Fe360=?13 N/mm2
1
38
0.8
0,2
0.4
0.6
0,8
IS 13148 (Partl):1999
IS0 5049d :1994
Table 24 Shear
in the material
joints
Class C
metal
200 N/mm2
11
1
0.8
0.2
0,4
0,6
0,8
200 N/mm2
Fe 510 = 170 N/mm2
Fe430 = 124 N/mm2
Fe 360 = 113 N/mm*
1
0,8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0,2
0.4
0,6
0.8
Table 25 
joint
,200 N/mm2
1
0,2
0,2
IS0 tolerance
for fitted
bolts
1
IS0 tolerance
for fitted
bolts
40
See 60
0,6
0,8
Hlllhlt
Multipleshear
1I
0,4
0.8
Hll/k6
2862.
joint
0,2
0,4
0,6
Hll/hll
0.8
IS
IS0
Table
Shear
in fitted~bolts
26 
Allowable
fatigue
strength,
13148
5049l
(Part 1) : 1999
: 1994
Q, (N/mm2)
and rivets
Class B units (see 7.2.1)
Singleshear
joint
200 N/mm2
144 N/mm2
96 N/mm2
1
0.8
IS0 tolerance
for fitted
bolts
0.6
0.4
0.2
0,2
0,4
0,6
0.8
Hllihll
Hll/k6
Multipleshear
joint
=lY2
N/mmz
= 128 N/mm2
1
IS0 tolerance
for fitted
bolts
0,8
0,6
0.4
0.2
0.2
0,4
0.6
0.8
Hll/ hll
41
IS 13148 (Parti):
IS0 50491:1994
Table
27 
Allowable
fatigue
strength,
Q, (N/mm3
joint
200 N/mm*
1
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
IS0 tolerance
for fitted
bolts
Multipleshear
1
IS0 tolerance
for fitted
bolts
42
0.8
joint
0,2
0,4
0.6
0,8
Table 28 Fitted
480
joint
N/mm*
NLmm2
N/mm2
1
IS0 tolerance
fm fitted
bolts
0.8
 0,6 0,4
0,2
Hll/k6
t
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
Hll/hll
I
Multipleshear
480
joint
N/mm2
~420
N/mm2
= 280
Nlmm2
160
80
1
IS0 tolerance
for fitted
bolts
0,8
 0.6
0,4
0.2
cx
0
0.2
0,4
0,6
0.8
Hll/hll
Hll/k6
I
43
Table 29 
Fittedboltsand rivets
cly.6units k.ee7.2.1)
Singleshear
joint
480 N/mm2
N/mm2
 0.8
1
0,2
0.4
0.6
0.0
IS0 tolerance
for fitted
bolts
Multipleshear
joint
480 N/mm2

bolt5.6
Iw
420 N/mm*
rivet A 44
,
/
3 20
bolt 4.6
Ic
240
rivet A 34
160
IS0 tolerance
for fitted
bolts
44
1
0,8
I sol
0.2
0,4
0,6
0.8
Hll/hll
t
LCX
280 N/mm*
IS 13148 (Partl):1999
IS0 5049l : 1994
Table 30 
Fittedboltsand rivets
Class C unitsbe
Singleshear
7.2.1)
joint
480 N/mm2
N/mm*
210 N/mm2
1
0.2
Hlllkb
IS0 tolerance
for fitted
bolts
0,4
0,6
0.8
Hll/hll
Multipleshear
joint
480 N/mm*
=420N/mm*
~280 N/mm2
1
IS0 tolerance
for fitted
bolts
0.8
0.2
0,4
0.6
0,8
Hll/hll
45
Exceeding
allowable
stresses
The safety factors against overturning specified in table31 are at least requested for load cases I to Ill.
Table 31 
9.1
vk
the following
9.2
Mk
is the overturning
moment resulting from
all the variable
horizontal
and vertical
forces (= zP, + cP,,) of load cases I, II and
Ill, to the extent these forces increase the
overturning
moment.
The check shall be carried out for the tipping axis with
the smallest overturning safety, by assuming that the
movable parts of the dead load are in the most unfavourable position.
The same safety regarding overturning
in the following form (see figure 5):
Yk==
MS
can be written
f/e
where
ZP,h + ZP&
+fi
10
46
I:
I,5
II
1.3
Ill
1.2
precautions
for nondriven
ballmounted
for nondriven
wheels
on rails: p = 0.14
wheels:
with bushes:
values
P = 0,Ol
p = 0,015
are found
by
shall be
G+W,
a)
b)
in which
h
is given by
e=
Additional
The friction
Mk
&/ffk
Load case
ratio shall
is the stabilizing moment of the total permanent load referred to a possible tipping
axis;
stresses
ac
Figure 5 
Annex A
(informative)
Bibliography
[l]
[2]
48