Anda di halaman 1dari 35

IPv6 Migration

Challenges
for Large Service Providers
Aruna P
General manager Network Operation

Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

Agenda
Airtel Overview
Drivers of IPV6
Migration challenges
Design Considerations
Deployment plan

Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

Airtel Overview
Indias largest Integrated and the first private telecom service
provider with foot print in 23 circles
Fixed line services in 94 cities
Vsat network
National long distance network across country
International connectivity through i2i and SE-ME-WE4
Integrated solutions for enterprise customers

Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

Infrastructure and services


ISP network
- POPs across country
- Peering with major Tier 1
- National peering with NIXI and local ISPs

MPLS
- POPs across country
- L2 and L3 VPNs
- NNI with various carriers
- Multicast
- QOS

Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

Infrastructure & services


ATM/FR network
Wholesale BW for other carriers
VSAT network
- Internet services through VSAT
- L3 VPNs
- MPLS and VSAT are integrated

Metro Ethernet in all major metros


Wimax in all major cities
GPRS
EDGE

Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

Broadband growth
PSTN

Internet

Dial
NAS

DSL
DSLAM

BAS

Fiber
/copper
LL
Edge

Growth
Volume

Enterprise

Distributed
Computing (GRID)

Access

Ethernet
802.11

Video
IPv6 Multicast
Mobile

RAN

Broadband
Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

Edge
Application

Need of more IP s per broadband link

Convergence of n IP networks in Multi Play calls for huge scale (nxIP)


address space. Plug & play home networking

Home Phone

Computers

Cell Phones

Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

Home Entertainment

Broadband Network

Home
/64 GW

Music

In Summary
IPv4 address pool exhaustion (Future)
Increased Broadband user
- (xDSL/Metro Ethernet / Wireless / GPRS /
Dialup/Vsat )
IPTV Service
Class 5 VoIP
Other Applications

Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

Migration Challenges

Network Assessment

A key and mandatory step to evaluate the impact of IPv6


integration
Split in mainly two phases
- Infrastructure networking devices
- Hosts, Servers and applications

Must be as complete as possible to allow upgrade costs


evaluation and planning
- Hardware type, memory size, interfaces, CPU load,
- Software version, features enabled, license type,
- IPv6-capable definition, knowledge of the environment and
applications, design goals

Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

Core/Access Assessment
Environment

Core

Access

Core is IPv6 aware Native IP

Dual Stack

Core is IPv6 unaware MPLS

6PE/6VPE

Few customers, no native IPv6 service from


the PoP or Data link is not (yet) native IPv6
capable,

Tunnels

Does Network
Support ?
Does existing
HW/SW
support
PE ?

CEs support ?

Native IPv4-IPv6 services between


aggregation and end-users

Dual Stack

CE and PE
HW/SW
support

Dedicated circuits IPv4 IPv6

Dual Stack

CE and PE
HW/SW ?

Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

Scenario

Access network

DSL elements

Content service
provider/ASP

Metro
ethernet

DSLAM

BRAS

DNS , Mailing

ISP backbone
EDGE router

CPEs
Dial up

NAS
IS CPEs are IPv6 ? Edge router , BRAS IPv6? Metro ?
Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

OSS/BSS

IPTV
CPE
(gateway)

Live
Broadcast
& VoD Super
Head
Asset
Distribution End

VoD Servers &


Local Feeds

DSLAM

Metro

IPV6 readiness for


Head end Middleware
Metro Ethernet
STB
OSS & BSS
DSLAM
Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

CPE
(gateway)

CPE
(gateway)

Ethernet

+STB

+STB

CPE
(gateway)

DSLAM

CPE
(gateway)

CPE
(gateway)

+STB

VoIP
Softswitch

PSTN

IPV6 readiness for


Softswitch
IP Phone /PC Soft phone
Session Border Controller
Media gateway
OSS DHCP, NMS, DNS
BSS
Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

Broadband
Network
(xDSL/Wireless)

Network monitoring and mangement

Network Management volution needs


to be to done before IPv6 deployment
strategy

Areas to consider
-

NMS & Applications for IPv6


-

HP OV NNM
Performance monitoring tool
Service desk

Network Protocol (SNMP, TFTP,


Syslog, Telnet, SSH,over IPv6

DNS/DHCP server, Netflow Collector,


Ciscoworks

-In a dual-stack network, both IPv4


and IPv6 environments must be
managed with the best
optimization to decrease the cost
of operations
Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

Network Security
Threat protection
Does the network Support IPV6 based Standard, reflexive,
extended access control list ?
Secure Connectivity
Support IPSEC
Protocol Authentication for OSPFv3
IPv6 IPsec Tunnel Router-to-Router
IPv4/IPv6 Encryption hardware adapter
Mobile IP authentication
IPv6 Firewall
Are there firewall which support IPV4 and IPV6 ?
Security appliances

Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

OSS /BSS Challenges


AAA server for dial up and broadband on IPv6
Mediation/ Billing server
DNS servers which understand IPV4 A records and IPV6
AAAA records
Legal interception
Customer portal
FCAP

Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

Other challenges
End customer readiness
Investment
Operational issues
Training

Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

Design Considerations

The Scope of IPv6 Deployment

Operations and
and Training
Training
Operations

Campus
Campus

Enterprise
Enterprise
WAN
WAN

Multimedia
Multimedia

Peer
Peer to
to Peer
Peer

(Video
(Video Conf)
Conf)

Provider
Provider
Edge
Edge

(ie:
(ie: Instant
Instant Messenger)
Messenger)

Provider
Provider
Core
Core

Broadband
Broadband
Networks
Networks

Integration
Integration &
& Co-Existence
Co-Existence
IPv6
IPv6 over
over IPv4
IPv4 Tunnels
Tunnels

Native
Native IPv4
IPv4 &
& IPv6
IPv6

(Configured,
(Configured, 6to4,
6to4, ISATAP,
ISATAP, GRE)
GRE)

IPv6
IPv6 over
over MPLS
MPLS
((AToM,
AToM, 6PE/6VPE
6PE/6VPE))

IPv6
IPv6 Services
Services
QoS
QoS

Mobility
Mobility

Multicast
Multicast

Security
Security

Instrumentation
Instrumentation

IPv4-IPv6
IPv4-IPv6
Translation
Translation

IPv6
IPv6 Forwarding
Forwarding &
& Routing
Routing protocols
protocols
(RIPng,
(RIPng, EIGRP,
EIGRP, OSPFv3,
OSPFv3, IS-ISv6,
IS-ISv6, MP-BGP4)
MP-BGP4)

Frame
Relay
Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

PPP
HDLC

POSIP

ATM

FE
GE, 10GE

Wireless

xDSL
Cable, FTTH

P rr oo vv ii ss ii oo nn ii nn gg &
&M
M oo nn ii tt oo rr ii nn gg
P

Information
Information
Services
Services

Server
Server to
to Client
Client

3 Key phases
Providing IPv6 services at access level /Edge
- Providing IPv6 at core level with out major upgrade of the core and
minimum impact on IPv4

Running IPv6 within core infrastructure


Interconnecting with other IPv6 service providers

Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

Design Objectives
IPv6 services to End Users, End to End IPv6 traffic forwarding as
applications are located at the edge.
Service wise approach
Minimum/no impact on services
Minimum Operational issues
Low risk deployment
Low cost
Easy trouble shooting

Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

Deployment strategy
Deployment method

Benefits

Limitations

IPv6 over IPv4 Tunnels

Easy to deploy on the existing


IPv4
Low cost and low risk

Complex management and


diagnostics .

IPv6 over Dedicated Data Links

End-to-end IPv6 with no impact


on the IPv4 traffic
Low cost

Lack of IPv6-specific hardware


Support for IPv6 network
management for the current
deployed hardware

IPv6 over MPLS Backbones

IPv6 over MPLS no hardware


no limitations on the our
IPv6 over
MPLS
Backbones
or software upgrades
existing network . Readily
required to the core
Less investment
high scalability

IPv6 Using Dual-Stack


Backbones

Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

Easy to implement for small


campus networks with a
mixture of IPv4 and IPv6
applications.

available

Complex dual management of


routing protocols. Major
upgrade for large networks.

Network design Considerations


Addressing design
Access design
POP design
Core Design
Edge design
RR design

Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

Access design
Termination of access on PE
- Leased lines
- Dialup
- Metro network
- Broadband network
- Wimax

PEs are connected to core


Integration with IPV6

Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

POP Design
PE

Access
cloud

PE
PIX
PIX(P)
(P)

MPLS core

IPv6 IX

PIX(S)
PIX(S)

Billing/ OSS
DNS

ISPs

Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

Mail

Core Design
Routing Protocol design
Running IS-IS
Edge peering use their respective loopback address
for V4 and will use the same for V6
New PE will add new entries in the core table
MPLS design
Run LDP
LSPs between loopback addresses
6PE and 6VPEs will share the same LSPs
No configuration changes required in MPLS
network

Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

Edge Design
Edge design
- PEs dual stack
- Core facing interfaces no change
- Changes only in PEs only
- Management configurations for IPv6
- Security configurations for IPv6
- 6PE(IPV6) PE-PE routing design similar to IPv4 PE PE routing
design
- 6VPE (IPV6 VPN)PE-PE routing design similar to VPNV4 PE-PE
routing design
RR design
- RR will be used to scale IPv6 and VPNv6
- RR are not part of LSP
- Dedicated RR boxes with full redundancy
Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

Deployment plan

Deployment plan
Identify service
Mapping respective routers in the network
Identify the customer locations
Plan for Dual stack routers or separate router for less operational
issues
Setting up DNS to support existing IPV4 A records and IPV6 AAAA
records
OSS/BSS IPV6 readiness
Interconnect access routers over the IPV4

Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

IPv6 over MPLS Infrastructure

MPLS in their IPv4 backbone for various services


-MPLS/VPN, MPLS/QoS, MPLS/TE

Several IPv6 over MPLS scenarios


-IPv6 Tunnels configured on CE (no impact on MPLS)
-IPv6 over Circuit_over_MPLS (L2 VPN- no impact on IPv6)
-IPv6 Provider Edge Router (6PE) over MPLS (no impact on
MPLS core)
Upgrading software to IPv6 Provider Edge Router (6PE)
-Low cost and risk as only the required Edge routers are
upgraded or installed

Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

IPv6 over MPLS Infrastructure


VPN A

V4 and v6 VPN

MP-iBGP sessions

V4 and v6 VPN

VPN A

VPN B

VPN A

V6 only

V4 and v6 VPN

VPN B

V6 only

V6 only

VPN B

MPLS core

MPLS core unaware of IPV6


PE to be upgraded to dual stack
IPV6 reachability among 6PEs MP-IBGP
IPv6 packets transported from 6PE to 6PE
No change of other architecture of MPLS core
NO icmp support as core does not support IPV6
Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

Phase II
Enterprise
Dual-Stack or
Dedicated L2 circuits

Aggregation

OSS/BSS
DSL, Cable
FTTH

MPLS
IPv6 Broadband Users

IPv6 IX Peering
IPv6 Transit services
IPv6 services to Enterprise
customers

802.11 Hot-Spot
Peering
ISPs

IPv6 services to Home Users


IPv6 IX
Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

Summary
Time to start work on IPV6 deployment
Migration Challenges
- 360 Degree Analysis
Investments Planning & Approval
Phased Approach for Migration

Enterprise Services
Carriers Corporates

Thank you