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SMK KG.

DATO SERI KAMARUDDIN


SERI MANJUNG, PERAK.
UJIAN SELARAS 1
TAHUN 2015
_____________________________________________________________________________

BIOLOGI
TINGKATAN 4
SATU JAM
_____________________________________________________________________________
JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU

Arahan : Jawab semua soalan di dalam kertas ini.

Disediakan oleh :

____________________
(MOHD RIZAL BIN SAERAN)

Disahkan oleh :

__________________________
(PN. NUR ADZIRA BINTI

AHMAD)
Guru matapelajaran

Ketua Panitia Sains

Bahagian A : Soalan Objektif (30 markah)


1. Which field of study and career are correctly
matched?
Padanan bidang kajian dan kerjaya yang
manakah yang betul?
Field of study
Career
Bidang kajian
Kerjaya
A

Ecology
Ekologi

Ethologist
Pakar etologi

Biochemistry
Biokimia

Biochemist
Pakar biokimia

Histology
Histologi

Horticulturist
Pakar hortikultur

Physiology
Fisiologi

Paediatrician
Pakar pediatrik

2. A scientist carries out investigations on


bacteria, viruses, protozoa, fungi and algae.
What is his field of study in biology?
Seorang saintis melakukan eksperimen ke
atas bacteria, virus, protozoa, fungi dan
alga. Apakah bidang kajian beliau dalam
Biologi?
A Virology
Virologi
B Bacteriology
Bakteriologi
C Entomology
Entomologi
D Microbiology
Mikrobiologi
3.

The information below shows the steps of a


scientific investigation.
Maklumat dibawah menunjukkan langkahlangkah melakukan penyiasatan saintifik.
U Analysing data
Menganalisis data
V Making a hypothesis
Membuat hipotesis
W Identifying the problem
Mengenalpasti masalah
X Conducting an experiment
Melakukan eksperimen
Y Drawing a conclusion
Membuat kesimpulan

Z Making an observation
Melakukan pemerhatian
The correct sequence of the steps of the scientific
method is...
Susunan langkah-langkah yang tepat dalam
melakukan kajian saintifik adalah:
A W, V, X, Z, U, Y.
B V, W, X, U, Z, Y.
C W, X, Z, V, U, Y.
D W, X, Z, U, Y, V.
4.

Which of the following is not a field of


study related to Biology?
Antara yang berikut, yang manakah bukan
bidang kajian yang berkaitan dengan Biologi?
A Ecology
B Physiology
Ekologi
Fisiologi
C Entomology
D Anthropology
Entomologi
Antropologi

5.

The x-axis and y-axis of a graph


represent respectively
Paksi x dan paksi y pada graf masingmasing mewakili
The x-axis
Paksi x

The y-axis
Paksi y

The responding
variable
Pemboleh ubah
bergerak balas

The constant
variable
Pemboleh ubah
dimalarkan

The responding
variable
Pemboleh ubah
bergerak balas

The manipulated
variable
Pemboleh ubah
dimanipulasikan

The manipulated
variable
Pemboleh ubah
dimanipulasikan

The responding
variable
Pemboleh ubah
bergerak balas

The manipulated
variable
Pemboleh ubah
dimanipulasikan

The constant
variable
Pemboleh ubah
dimalarkan

6. The study of the structure and functions of the cell


is called
Kajian mengenai struktur dan fungsi sel
dikenali sebagai
A morphology.
B anatomy.
morfologi.
anatomi.
C cytology.
D histology.
sitologi.
histologi.
7.The study of Biology does not require...
Kajian Biologi tidak memerlukan
A noble values.
B artistic skill.
nilai murni.
kemahiran seni.
C critical thinking.
D manipulative skill.
berfikir secara kritis.
kemahiran manipulatif.
8. The study of living organisms in relation with their
structure is called
Kajian mengenai organisma hidup dan hubungan
dengan strukturnya dikenali sebagai
A morphology.
B ecology.
morfologi.
ekologi.
C biotechnology.
D genetics.
bioteknologi.
genetik.
9. Which of the following is not involved when
an investigation is being carried out?
Langkah yang manakah tidak terlibat dalam
membuat kajian?
A Recording data
Merekod data
B Analysing data
Menganalisis data
C Making a hypothesis
Membuat hipotesis
D Making measurements
Membuat ukuran
10.When a hypothesis is tested several times
and found to be true each time, then the
hypothesis may be considered a
Apabila suatu hipotesis diuji beberapa kali dan
setiap kali didapati benar, hipotesis itu boleh
dianggap sebagai suatu
A law.
B theory.
hukum.
teori.
C definition.
D principle.
definisi.
prinsip.

11. The following information are features of an


organelle in a cell.
Maklumat berikut adalah tentang ciri satu
organel dalam sel.
Spherical or oblong shaped
Berbentuk sfera atau bujur
Smooth outer membrane and folded inner
membrane
Membran luar licin tetapi membran dalam
berlipat-lipat
Which of the following organelles has features
as stated above?
Antara organel berikut yang manakah
mempunyai ciri seperti di atas?
A Vacuole
B Nucleus
Vakuol
Nukleus
C Chloroplast
D Mitochondria
Kloroplas
Mitokondria
12. Which of the following is a connective tissue?
Antara berikut, yang manakah tisu penghubung?
A

13. The following statements are about an organelle


of a cell.
Pernyataan berikut adalah berkaitan dengan
organel suatu sel.

What is the organelle?


Apakah organel itu?
A Vacuole
Vakuol
C Ribosome
Ribosom

B Nucleus
Nukleus
D Golgi body
Jasad Golgi

14. The diagram below shows the cell organisation


in a multicellular organism.
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan organisasi sel
dalam organisma multisel.

Diagram
Rajah
Which part of the body can be represented by R?
Apakah bahagian badan yang boleh diwakili
oleh R?
A Ligament
B Blood
Ligamen
Darah
C Epithelium
D Liver
Epitelium
Hati
15. The diagram below shows an animal cell.
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan satu sel
haiwan.

Mitokondrion
D Golgi body
Jasad Golgi
16. Which organelle synthesises proteins?
Organel manakah yang mensintesis protein?
A Vacuole
Vakuol
B Ribosome
Ribosom
C Mitochondrion
Mitokondrion
D Golgi apparatus
Jasad Golgi
17. The diagram below shows the structure of
rough endoplasmic reticulum.
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan struktur
retikulum endoplasma kasar.

Diagram
Rajah
Which process occurs in the ribosomes?
Proses manakah yang berlaku di ribosom?
A Transportation of lipids
Pengangkutan lipid
B Synthesis of proteins
Sintesis protein
C Production of ATP
Penghasilan ATP
D Digestion of phospholipids
Pencernaan fosfolipid

Diagram
Rajah
What is organelle P?
Apakah organel P?
A Nucleus
Nukleus
B Chloroplast
Kloroplas
C Mitochondrion

18.The diagram below shows a process carried


out by an Amoeba sp.
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan suatu proses
yang dijalankan oleh Amoeba sp.

Diagram
Rajah
What is the process?
Apakah proses tersebut?
A Osmoregulation
Pengosmokawalaturan
B Binary fission
Belahan dedua
C Phagocytosis
Fagositosis
D Diffusion
Resapan
19. Which organelle is found abundantly in
muscle tissue?
Organel manakah yang terdapat dengan
banyak dalam tisu otot?
A Ribosome
Ribosom
B Mitochondria
Mitokondrion
C Golgi apparatus
Jasad Golgi
D Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Jalinan endoplasma licin

Apakah organel Q?
A Vacuole
Vakuol
C Mitochondrion
Mitokondrion

21. Which of the following is the function of


lysosomes in a cell?
Antara yang berikut, yang manakah fungsi
lisosom dalam sel?
A They produce ATP.
Lisosom menghasilkan ATP.
B They digest proteins and lipids in the
cell.
Lisosom mencernakan protein dan lipid
dalam sel.
C They synthesise and transport lipids.
Lisosom mensintesis dan mengangkut
lipid.
D They excrete waste products from the
cell.
Lisosom menyingkirkan bahan buangan
daripada sel.
22. The following information is about an organelle
of a cell.
Maklumat berikut adalah mengenai satu
organel di dalam sel.

20. Diagram below shows a plant cell.


Rajah di bawah menunjukkan satu sel tumbuhan.

Diagram
Rajah
What is organelle Q?

B Chloroplast
Kloroplas
D Golgi apparatus
Jasad Golgi

What is the organelle?


Apakah organel tersebut?
A Lysosome
Lisosom
B Ribosome
Ribosom
C Centriole
Sentriol
D Mitochondrion
Mitokondria

23. Which of the following shows the correct


sequence of cell organisation?
Antara berikut, yang manakah menunjukkan
urutan yang betul bagi organisasi sel?
A Cell Tissue Organ System
Organism
Sel Tisu Organ Sistem
Organisma
B System Organ Organism Tissue
Cell
Sistem Organ Organisma Tisu
Sel
C Tissue Cell System Organism
Organ
Tisu Sel Sistem Organisma
Organ
D Organ Organism Tissue Cell
System
Organ Organisma Tisu Sel
Sistem
24. Diagram below shows a plant cell.
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan sel tumbuhan.

What is this organelle?


Apakah organel ini?
A Nucleus
Nukleus
B Golgi body
Jasad Golgi
C Mitochondrion
Mitokondria
D Endoplasmic reticulum
Jalinan endoplasma
26. Study the following statements.
Kaji penyataan berikut.

Diagram/Rajah
Which of the labelled parts is also found in
an animal cell?
Antara bahagian berlabel, manakah yang
juga terdapat dalam sel haiwan?
25. The following information is about an
organelle of a cell.
Maklumat berikut adalah mengenai satu
organel sel.

The above statements best describe the...


Penyataan di atas menghuraikan tentang...
A mitochondrion.
mitokondria.
B ribosome.
ribosom.
C Golgi apparatus.
jasad Golgi.
D rough endoplasmic reticulum.
jalinan endoplasma kasar.

27. The diagram below shows a plant cell.


Rajah di bawah menunjukkan satu sel
tumbuhan.

Diagram /Rajah
Which part of the cell contains chromosomes?
Bahagian sel yang manakah mengandungi
kromosom?
A P
C R
B Q
D S

abundantly in the cell shown above?


Antara organel yang berikut, yang manakah
terdapat dengan banyaknya di dalam sel yang
ditunjukkan di atas?
A Centrioles
B Lysosomes
Sentriol
Lisosom
C Ribosomes
D Mitochondria
Ribosom
Mitokondria
30. The diagram below shows a unicellular
organism living in freshwater.
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan satu organisma
unisel yang hidup di dalam air tawar.

28. The diagram below shows a human cell.


Rajah di bawah menunjukkan satu sel manusia.

Diagram/Rajah

Diagram/Rajah
Which of the following organelles can be found

Which of the labelled parts, A, B, C or D, is


involved in movement?
Antara bahagian yang berlabel A, B, C, atau D,
manakah yang terlibat dalam pergerakan?

29. Which of the following is an epithelial tissue?


Antara yang berikut, manakah yang merupakan
tisu epitelium?

Bahagian Jawapan Soalan Objektif


Bulat dan hitamkan jawapan yang sepadan dengan soalan objektif pada Bahagian A.

1.

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Bahagian B : Soalan Struktur (20 markah).


1. Table below shows some fields of Biology and the types of study. Complete Table below.
Jadual di bawah menunjukkan bidang dalam Biologi dan jenis kajian yang dijalankan.
Lengkapkan Jadual di bawah.

Field
Bidang
(a) ___________________

Type of study
Jenis kajian
The study of plants
Kajian tumbuhan

Microbiology
Mikrobiologi

(b)
______________________________________________________

Mycology
Mikologi

(c)
______________________________________________________

(d) ___________________

The study of heredity and variation


Kajian keturunan dan variasi

(e) ___________________

The study of the environment and its relationship with organisms


Kajian alam sekitar dan hubungannya dengan organism

Zoology
Zoologi

(f)
______________________________________________________
Table/Jadual
[6 marks/markah]

(g)What is Biology?
Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan Biologi?
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
[2 marks/markah]
(h)State the importance of studying Biology (Give any two).
Nyatakan kepentingan kajian Biologi (berikan dua kepentingan).
1. __________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
2. __________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
[2 marks/markah]

2.

Diagram below shows two cells, P and Q.


Rajah di bawah menunjukkan dua sel, P dan Q.

Diagram/Rajah
(a)Identify cell P and cell Q.
Kenalpasti sel P dan Q.
P :________________________________________________________________________
Q :________________________________________________________________________
[2 marks/markah]
(b)State two characteristics which enable you to differentiate Q from P.
Nyatakan dua ciri yang membolehkan anda membezakan Q daripada P.
1. ________________________________________________________________________
2. ________________________________________________________________________
[2 marks/markah]
(c)

State the main contents of organelle Y.


Nyatakan kandungan utama organel Y.
________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/markah

3. Diagram shows the structure of plasma membrane based on the fluid mosaic model.
Rajah menunjukkan struktur membran plasma berdasarkan model bendalir mozek.

Diagram /Rajah
(a) (i) Name structure X and Y.
Namakan struktur X dan Y.
X :

Y :

[ 2 marks/markah ]

(ii) What is the characteristic of structure X ?


Apakah ciri struktur X ?
...........
.......................
[ 1 mark/markah ]
(iii) Name one example of substance P. Why does it move into the cell through structure X ?
Namakan satu contoh bahan P. Mengapakah ia bergerak ke dalam sel melalui struktur X ?
............
.......................
..

..
[ 2 marks/markah ]

Skema jawapan
Bahagian A
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

16.
17.
18.
19.

Bahagian B
3.
(i) X : Fosfolipid
Y : protein liang

1
1

(ii) Terdiri daripada bahagian kepala bercas yang bersifat hidrofilik


dan bahagian ekor tidak bercas yang hidrofobik.

(iii) F1 :
P1 :
or :
F2 :
P2 :

Oxygen // carbon dioxide // water


Small // non-polar // neutral molecule

1
1

fatty acid / glycerol / ADEK vitamins


lipid soluble substances

1
1

Any pair of F and P :


F1 with P1 or F2 with P2

Max : 2