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Manajemen Proyek

SISTEM INFORMASI

Project Charter and


Planning Framework
Tim Ajar Mata Kuliah Manaemen Proyek
2014-2015

K Candra Brata
andra.course@gmail.com

Introduction
The Business Case has been approved, but

What role does everyone associated with the project play?


What is the scope of the project?
How much will the project cost?
How long will it take to complete the project?
What resources and technology will be required?
What approach, tools and techniques will be used to develop the
information system ?
What tasks or activities will be required to perform the project work?
How long will these tasks or activities take?
Who will be responsible for performing these tasks or activities?
What will the organization receive for the time, money and resources
invested in this project?

PMBOK Implementation

Project Integration Management


Proses
dan
kegiatan
untuk
mendifinisikan, menyatukan, dan
mengkoordinasikan seluruh area
pengetahuan manajemen proyek
pada siklus hidup proyek (PMBOK).
Manajemen integrasi memastikan
seluruh elemen dapat berkerja sama
menyelesaikan
proyek
dengan
sukses pada waktu yang tepat.

Project Integration Management berfokus pada pengembangan


perencanaan, ekseskusi dan kontrol perubahan
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Project Integration
Management

Project Plan Development

Constraints and Assumptions


Tools

Project Plan Execution

Work authorization system (Breakdown the activities)


Status review meetings (Progress Report)

Overall Change Control

Ensure process in place to evaluate the value of proposed change


Determine whether accepted change has been implemented
Include procedures for handling emergencies situation.
Help project manager manage change
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Project Charter

Proyek charter mendefinisikan bagaimana proyek


akan diatur dan bagaimana alternatif proyek yang
telah direkomendasikan dan disetujui untuk didanai
akan dilaksanakan.
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Project Charter
Sebuah dokumen yang menyatakan secara formal
keberadaan suatu proyek dan menyediakan otoritas kepada project
manager untuk mengaplikasikan sumber daya organisasi pada
aktivitas proyek.
Project charter juga merupakan alat untuk mencapai
kesepakatan di antara para stakeholder (Project sponsor dan team)
mengenai aspek-aspek utama di dalam project seperti tujuan, scope,
deliverables, dan sumberdaya yang dibutuhkan.
Tahapan membuat sebuah project charter :

Project Charter (Input)


Project Statement of Work (SOW)
Deskripsi naratif tentang suatu produk, layanan, atau hasil pada suatu proyek
yang
akan
dikerjakan.
Dasar
dari
penentuan
SOW
sendiri
mempunyai beberapa referensi yaitu kebutuhan bisnis, deskripsi ruang lingkup
suatu produk, dan rencana strategi dari suatu proyek.

Business Case
Sebuah dokumen yang berisi informasi yang diperlukan dari sudut
pandang bisnis untuk memutuskan apakah proyek tersebut layak
untuk mendapat investasi atau tidak.
Agreements
Sebuah perjanjian biasanya digunakan untuk mendefinisikan tujuan
awal dari sebuah proyek. Perjanjian bisa berupa kontrak, MOU, SLA,
surat perjanjian, perjanjian verbal, email, ataupun perjanjian tertulis.
Enterprise Environmental Factors
Faktor lingkungan perusahaan seperti standar pemerintah, standar
perindustrian, regulasi, struktur dan kultur ornganisasi dan kondisi pasar.
Organizational Process Assets
Faktor proses asset organisasi dapat berupa contoh standar proses
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organisasi atau historical organizational information.

Project Charter
Secara garis besar mencakup :
Documents the projects MOV
Defines the project infrastructure
Summarizes the details of the project plan
Defines roles & responsibilities
Shows explicit commitment to the project
Sets out project control mechanisms

Project Charter
Templates :

Project Planning Framework


Planning is still more of an art than a science
Experience and good judgment are just as important as, and
perhaps even more important to quality planning than using the
latest project management software tool.
A project plan attempts to answer the following questions:
What needs to be done?
Who will do the work?
When will they do the work?
How long will it take?
How much will it cost?

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Project Planning Framework


Project Planning Framework menyediakan langkah-langkah dan
proses yang diperlukan untuk mengembangkan rencana proyek
secara rinci yang akan mendukung MOV proyek. Output dari
project planning framework adalah detailed project plan.

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Project Planning Framework

Project Scope
The Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) defines
scope as the product or services to be provided by the project
and includes all of the project deliverables.
One can think of scope as the work that needs to be completed
in order to achieve the project's MOV.
Project Scope Statement
The scope statement clearly specifies
what your project will deliver and what
it won't deliver.
In other words, it describes what's
included in the project and what is
excluded.
As a result, it forms the basis for the
project plan.
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Project Planning Framework

Subdivide Project into Phase


The project can be organized into phases in order to deliver the
project's product.
IT projects should be further divided into sub-phases that follow the
phases of the systems development life cycle (SDLC).
Breaking a project down into phases and sub-phases reduces
complexity and risk.
More specifically, each phase should focus on providing at least one
specific deliverable (a tangible and verifiable piece of work).

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Project Planning Framework

Tasks Sequence, Resources, and Time Estimates


Once the project is divided into phases, tasks are then identified. A
task may be thought of as a specific activity or unit of work to be completed.
Examples of some tasks in an IT project may be to interview a particular user,
write a program, or testing.
When considering tasks, it is important to consider sequences, resources, and
time to complete.

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Kick-Off
Once the project charter and project plan are approved, many
organizations have a kick-off meeting to officially start work on
the project.

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Semoga
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