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Biology Paper 1

Chemical Composition of The Cell


CHAPTER 4 : CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OT THE CELL

Year
Quantity

2003
5

2004
4

2005
4

2006
2

2007
4

2008
3

YEAR 2003
1.

Which substances acts as the medium for chemical reactions in the cell?
A
Water
C
Fatty acid
B
Glucose
D
Amino acid

2.

Figure 5 shows the molecular structure of three food classes

Figure 5
Which food classes do X, Y and Z belong to?
A
B
C
D

X
Carbohydrate
Protein
Protein
Lipid

Answer To Score

Y
Protein
Lipid
Carbohydrate
Carbohydrate

Z
Lipid
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Protein

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Biology Paper 1
3

Chemical Composition of The Cell

Which of the following graphs best represents the effect of pH on the rate of reaction of
enzymes secreted by the pancreas?
A.

4.

Figure 15 shows how an enzyme works.

Figure 15
Which property of an enzyme is shown in Figure 15
A
Enzyme reaction is specific
B
Enzyme reaction is affected by pH
C
Enzyme reaction is affected by temperature
D
Enzyme structure changes at the end of reaction

Answer To Score

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Biology Paper 1
5.

Chemical Composition of The Cell

Which enzyme needs an acidic medium for its reaction?


A
Amylase
B
Trypsin
C
Pepsin
D
Erepsin

YEAR 2004
1.

D.

The table shows the substrate and optimum pH of four digestive enzymes A, B, C, and
Which of the enzymes A, B, C, or D is rennin?

Enzyme

Optimum pH

Starch

6.8

Protein and
polypeptide
Fat
Protein

8.5

C
D

2.

Substrate

8.5
2.2

The diagram shows the action of an enzyme on a substrate.

X represents
A enzyme
B substrate
3.

C Product of reaction
D enzyme-substrate complex

Which of the following is not a polysaccharide?


A. Glycogen
B. Cellulose
C. Maltose
D. Starch

Answer To Score

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Biology Paper 1
4.

Chemical Composition of The Cell

The diagram shows a measuring cylinder containing albumen suspension mixed with
pepsin at 20C. The result of the experiment was obtained after 5 minutes.

The
experiment
was
repeated at
37C.
Which
of the
following
shows the
result of the
experiment?

Answer To Score

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Biology Paper 1

Chemical Composition of The Cell

YEAR 2005
1. The figure shows the breaking down of a complex molecule by an enzyme.
Which of the molecules A, B, C and D, represents the substrate?

2. The main components of a plant cell membrane are


A.
B.
C.
D.

Lipid and carbohydrate


Protein and carbohydrate
Protein and lipid
Protein, lipid and carbohydrate

3. The information below shows four food classes and their energy content.
Which of the following represents fats?
Food
classes
A
B
C
D

Energy content/ kJ per


100g
30
3300
1700
1600

4. The graph shows the optimum pH of an enzyme Y in its reaction

Enzyme Y is
A salivary amylase
B pepsin

Answer To Score

C
D

trypsin
rennin

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Biology Paper 1

Chemical Composition of The Cell

YEAR 2006
1

The vitamin that functions as a coenzyme in cell respiration is


A vitamin A
B vitamin B
C vitamin C
D Vitamin K

Diagram 3 shows the rate of enzyme hydrolysis reaction, R and S, in the human
Body.

Diagram 3
Which of the following is true about enzymes R and S?
A
B
C
D

Enzyme R
Secreted in the stomach

Enzyme S
Secreted into the duodenum

The active site changes at pH


more than 4
R is trypsin

The active site changes at pH


more than 7
S is lipase

Synthesized in the rough


endoplasmic reticulum

Synthesized in the smooth


endoplasmic reticulum

Answer To Score

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Biology Paper 1

Chemical Composition of The Cell

YEAR 2007
1. Table 1 shows the elements found in the food classes X and Y.
Food Class
X
Y

Element
C, H, O
C, H, O, N
Table 1

What are food classes X and Y


Food class X
A.
B.
C.

Food class Y

Carbohydrate

Lipid

Lipid

Protein

Protein

Carbohydrate

Protein

Lipid

D.
2. Diagram 4 shows the structures of a substrate and an enzyme.

Which of the labelled parts A, B, C and D is the active site?


3. What is the process involved in changing starch into glucose?
A Condensation
B Photolysis
C Hydrolysis
D Assimilation

Answer To Score

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Biology Paper 1

Chemical Composition of The Cell

4. Which of the following is true to show the relationship of the rate of reaction of
trypsin with the pH values?

Answer To Score

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Biology Paper 1

Chemical Composition of The Cell

YEAR 2008
1. Diagram 4 is a graph which shows the relationship between the rate of reaction and
The substrate concentration when factor Y is varied.

What is factor Y?
A. pH
B. Time
C. Inhibitor
D. Enzyme concentration
2. Diagram 5 shows the mechanism of enzyme action.

Which of the following can be deduced from Diagram 5?


I
II
III
IV

Enzyme action is specific


Enzyme reaction is reversible
Enzyme is not destroyed at the end of the reaction
Optimum temperature for enzyme reaction is 40c

A. I and II
Answer To Score

C. II and IV
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Biology Paper 1
B. I and III

Chemical Composition of The Cell


D. III and IV

3.
Process X
Starch

The
following

Process X
Maltose

Glucose

information shows starch molecules undergoing process X.

What is process X?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Photosynthesis
Polymerization
Condensation
Hydrolysis

Answer To Score

Jabatan Pelajaran Perak 2009