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Roll No. ____________________

B.Tech. (Sem. VII) (Main /Back) Examination December-2014
Mechanical Engineering
7ME2 Refrigeration & Air Conditioning
Time: 3 Hours

Maximum Marks: 80
Min. Passing Marks: 24

Instructions to Candidates:
Attempt any five questions selecting one question from each unit. All
question car ry equal marks. Schematic diagr ams must be shown wherever
necessar y. Any data you feel missing suitably be assumed and stated clearly.
Units of quantities used/calculated must be stated clearly.
Use of following supporting material is permitted during examination.
(Mentioned in form No. 205)
1. Psychometric Chart

2. Steam Table
Unit -1

Q1 (a) What is difference between a refrigerator and heat pump? Derive an expression for
the performance factor for both if they are running on reversed Carnot cycle
(b) How does an actual vapour compression cycle differ from that of a theoretical cycle? (8)
Q1 (a) Sketch the TS and PH diagram for the vapour compression cycles, when the vapor
compression is in(i) Dry saturated

(ii) Wet saturated


(b). A refrigerator operated between 120KPa and 800KPa in ideal vapour compression cycle
with R-134 as refrigerant. The refrigerant enters the compressor as saturated vapour and
leaves the condenser as saturated liquid. The mass flow rate of refrigerant is 0.2 kg/sec.
(i) Find the rate at which heat is extracted from the refrigerated space in KJ/sec
(ii) Find power input in compressor

Unit 2

Q2 (a) Describe with a sketch of a Regenerative air cooling system

(b) Explain Bell Coleman air refrigeration cycle.


Q2 (a) In a refrigerator working on Bell-Coleman cycle, the air is drawn into the cylinder of
the compressor from the cold chamber at a pressure of 1.03bar and temperature 12C.
After isentropic compression to 5.5 bar, the air is cooled at constant pressure to a
temperature of 22C. The polytropic expansion pv1.25= constant then follows and the air
expanded to 1.03 bar is passed to cold chamber. Determine:
(a) Work done per kg of air
(b) Refrigerating effect per kg of air flow
(c) C.O.P.
For air take =1.4 and cp=1.003KJ/kgK
(b) Explain the working of a simple air cycle cooling system used for aircrafts.


Q 3 (a) Draw a neat diagram of lithium bromide water absorption system and explain its
(b) A vapour absorption system works with generator, ambient and evaporator temperature of
360 K, 310 K and 260 K respectively. Find maximum COP of the system. If the evaporator
temperature falls to 150 K. What should be the generator temperature in order to operate the
system with same COP
Q 3 (a) What are the desirable properties of an ideal refrigerant? Write the factors considered
for the selection of refrigerant for a system?
(b) Derive the maximum COP for vapour absorption system with neat sketch


Unit -4
Q4 (a) In a heating application, Moist air enters a steam heating coil at10oC,50% RH and
leaves at 30oC. Determine the sensible heat transfer, If mass flow rate of air is 100Kg of dry
air per second. Also determine the steam mass flow rate if steam enters saturated at 100oC
and condensate leaves at 80oC
(b) Define Specific humidity or humidity ratio. Derive the relation between specific humidity,
vapour pressure and total pressure of air
Q4 (a) 800 m3/min of re-circulated air at 22oC dry bulb temp. and 10oC dew point temp. is to
be mixed with 300m 3/min of fresh air at 30oC dry bulb temp. and 50% RH. Determine the
enthalpy, specific volume, humidity ratio and dew point temp. of the mixture.
(b) Define relative humidity, wet bulb temperature, dry bulb temperature, dew point
temperature and degree of saturation


Unit 5
Q5 (a) A hall is to be maintained at 24oC dry bulb temperature and 60% relative humidity
under the following conditionsOutdoor conditions-38oC DBT and 28oC WBT, Sensible heat load in the rooms-46.4KW,
Latent heat load in the rooms-11.6KW, Total infiltration air-1200m3/h, Apparatus dew point
temperature-10oC, Quantity of re circulated air from the hall-60%
If quantity of re circulated air is mixed with the conditioned air after the cooling coil.
Find the following(i)The condition of air leaving the conditioner coil and before mixing with the re circulated
(ii) The condition of air before entering the hall.
(iii) The mass of air entering the cooler.
(iv) The mass of total air passing through the hall


Q5 (b) Define sol-air temperature and equivalent temperature difference


Q5 (a) What is Internal heat gain? Write short notes on loads due to occupancy, lighting and
(b) What is the difference between winter air conditioning and summer air conditioning