Anda di halaman 1dari 10

SAMPLE QP FOR XI HALF-YEARLY EXAMINATION

SUB: CHEMISTRY
CLASS - XI
TIME: 3 HOURS

M.M: 70

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

All questions are compulsory; however internal choice is given in some


questions.

Questions NOs 1 to 5 carry ONE MARK each.

Question NOs 6 to 10 carry TWO MARKS each.

Question NOs 11 to22 carry THREE MARKS each.

Question NO 23 is a value based question and carries FOUR MARKS.

Question NOs 24 to 26 carry FIVE MARKS each.

Use of log tables is allowed but use of calculators is strictly not allowed.
Q1. How many significant figures are there in:
a) 0.0025

b) 5005

Q2. Write the electronic configuration of O2- .

Q3. Write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction whose KC expression is as:
KC = [ CH3OH ]
1
[CO] [H2]2
Q4. Calculate the oxidation number of:
a) Cr in CrO42-

b) C in C12H22O11

Q5. Why hydrogen peroxide is stored in wax lined dark colored bottle.
Write the equation involved?

Q6. Calculate the number of H atoms present in 5 moles of ethane molecule.

Q7. Why is the first ionization energy of Mg greater than that of both Na and Al taken
separately?

2
OR
Page 1 of 10

Why is the first electron gain enthalpy of oxygen negative, while second one is
positive?
Q8. Explain how Charles law helps us in finding out the absolute zero value.

Q9. UO of combustion of methane is X KJ/mol. Will the value of HO. of


combustion of methane be greater than or lesser than XKJ/mol. Reason out your
answer.

Q10. At 5000C the equilibrium constant KC for the reaction


N2 + 3H2

2NH3 is 6.02x 10-2 litre2mol-2 .What is Kp at this temperature?

Q11. State and Explain Law of Multiple Proportions with the help of an example.

Q12.

3 grams of H2 react with 29 grams of O2 to yield water

1. Which is the limiting reagent?


2. Calculate the maximum amount of water that can be formed?
3. Calculate the amount of one of the reactants which remains unreacted?

Q13. Calculate the wave length of radiation emitted when an electron in a hydrogen
atom makes a transition from an energy level with n=3 to n=2.

Q14. Predict the period and group number of elements whose outer electronic
configuration is as:
a) ns2 np4

(n=2 )

b) (n-1)d2 ns2 (n=5)

Page 2 of 10

c) (n-2)f7(n-1)d1 ns2

(n=6)

Q15. which of the following has larger value of the property indicated:
a) F or Cl

(electron affinity )

b) F or F (electro negativity)
c) Na or K (electro positivity)

Q16. Draw the Lewis dot structures of:


a) H2SO4
b) CO32c) O3

Q17. Based on VSEPR theory predict the geometry and shape of:
a) ClF3
b) NH4+
Draw the figure also.

3
OR

Based on molecular orbital theory compare the stability and magnetic property of
O2+ & O2-

Q18. What will be the pressure exerted by a mixture of3.2 g of CH4 and 4.4 g of CO2
contained in a 9 dm3 flask at 270C.

Q19. Which of the following volume (V)-temperature (T) plot represents the behavior
of one mole of an ideal gas at the atmospheric pressure.

Page 3 of 10

Q20. For the reaction 2 Cl(g) Cl2 (g) , what are the signs of H and S. Give
suitable reasons for your answer.

Q21. Balance the following ionic equation by ion electron method in acidic medium:
Cr2O72- + Fe2+ Fe3+ +Cr3+

Q22. Differentiate clearly giving examples:

a) Hydrolysis and hydration


b) Ionic hydrides and covalent hydrides

Q23. Nitas younger sister was having cold drinks with ice cubes floating over the
liquid. The little girl asked Nita Every solid form has higher density than its
corresponding liquid form, but why is it that ice alone is lighter and floats on water?
Nita tried to explain the reason based on a special type of bonding in water.
a) What is that special bonding Nita is referring to? Draw a pictorial representation of
that.
b) Nita also explained the importance of water as a good solvent. What would she
have given the reason for its polarity?
c) What value does Nita have towards the subject and towards her sister?

Page 4 of 10

Q24. (i) a) Draw the shape of px orbital .


b) Write the orbitals represented by the following quantum numbers
n=2; l=3
n=5; l=2
c) State the limitations of Bohrs model of an atom.

1+1+3=5

OR
(ii)

a) Draw the shape of a dxy orbital.


b) Write the values of all the quantum numbers of the valence electron of

sodium atom.
c) State Paulis Exclusion Principle.
d) Distinguish between orbit and orbital. (Any 4 points)

1+1+1+2=5

Q25. (a) Calculate the enthalpy change for the process


CCl4(g)

C (g) + 4Cl(g)

And calculate bond enthalpy of C Cl in CCl4 (g).


vap Ho (CCl4) = 30.5 kJ mol-1
fHo (CCl4) = -135.5 kJ mol-1
aHo (C)

= 715.0 kJ mol-1

aHo (Cl2)

= 242 kJ mol-1

Where aHo is enthalpy of atomization.

5
OR

(b) For the reaction


2 A (g) + B (g) 2 D (g)
Uo = -10.5

kJ mol-1 and So = -44.1 J K -1 mol-1

Page 5 of 10

Calculate Go for the reaction, at 298K, and predict whether the


reaction may occur spontaneously or not.

Q 26) (i)

(a) State the formula of the conjugate base of: H3O+ and H2PO 4
(b)Define buffer. Give an example of an acidic buffer.
(c) How does ionic product of water vary with temperature?

2+2+1=5

OR

(ii)

(a) State the formula of the conjugate acid of: NH3 and HCO 3 .
(b) Define Common ion effect.
Explain its application in Qualitative Analysis.

2+3=5

******

Page 6 of 10

MARKING SCHEME
Q 1) 2, 4
1s2 2s22p6

Q2)

+1/2
1M

Q3) CO(g)+2H2(g) CH3OH

1M

Q 4) 6,0

+ M

Q 5) It decomposes to give H2O & O2 in presence of light, May result in explosion if in contact with
organic compounds
H2O2 H2 O + 1/2O2
Q 6) 1 mole of ethane molecule contains 6x 6.023x1023no of H atoms
5 moles will contain 5x6x 6.023x1023no of H atoms =18.069x1024

1/2+1/2 M
1M
1M

Q 7) Na3s1
Mg3s2
Al3s 23p1
Mg has its valence electrons paired, requires more energy than Al

1M

Na nuclear charge is lesser & atomic size is greater

1M

OR
Repulsion due to ve charge on O- requires energy to overcome the repulsion. So electron gain
enthalpy is +ve Relevant explanation
2M
Q 8) by extrapolating the CHARLES law graph
Graph:, EXPLANATION:
Q 9) CH4 (G) +2O2 (G (CO2 (G) +2H2O (l)

1+1
1M

n (g) =1-3=-2
H=U+n (g) RT

1/2M

So H=-X-2RT
SO, VE, it will be lesser than U

1/2M

Q 10) KP=KC (RT) n

1/2M

n=-2

1/2M

KP=6.02X10-2(0.082X773)-2=1.5X10-5atm-2

1/2+1/2M

Q 11) correct statement and explanation

1+2

Q12) 2H2+O2 2H2O


Moles of hydrogen=1.49
Page 7 of 10

Moles of oxygen=0.906
1.49moles of hydrogen reacts with1.49/2=.745moles of oxygen
H2 is the limiting reagent

1M

Amount of water formed =1.49x18=26.82g

1M

Amount of O2 unreacted=0.906-0.745=0.161g

1M

Q 13) E=-1312(1/9-1/4)=180.2KJ/mol

1M

E per atom=180.2/6.023x1023=3.03x10-19J/atom

1M

=hc/E=6.6X10-34X3X108/3.03X10-19=6.56X10-7m=656nm

1M

Q 14) a) 2, 16
b) 5, 4
c) 6, 3 or lanthanide group

*6=3M

Q15) a)Cl b)F C)K

1*3=3M

Q 16) Correct dot structures

1*3=3M

Q 17) for correct geometry, shape & drawing the figure.

[2*(1/2+1/2+1/2)mark]

OR
Electronic configuration

1M

B.O & Stability

1M

Magnetic property

1M

Q18) No of moles of methane=3.2/16=0.2


No of moles of CO2=4.4/44=0.1

1M

P= (nch4+nco2) RT/V= (0.2+0.1)X0.0821X300/9=0.82 atm

1+1M

Q 19
V1/T1=V2/T2

1M

22.4/273=V2/273;V2=30.6L. Option C is correct.

1+1M

Q20) Both ve; bond formation releases energy (H ve),bond formation decreases randomness (S
-ve). Sign prediction 1/2M, Reason 1M EACH respectively
Q 21) Oxidation half

1M

Reduction half

1M

Overall

1M
Page 8 of 10

Q 22) a) & b) difference

1*2=2M,

Example

*2=1M

Q23) a) H-Bonding:,

figure:

1+1

b) Electro negativity difference- non linear (bent) shape

1M

c) Nita applies her knowledge of chemistry in her daily life and correlates its application. She has got
concern for her sister and helps her with her curiosity and motivates her to ask more and thereby
learn more.
1M

Q24 a) correct shape

1M.

b) Not possible, 5d,

*2=1M

c) correct limitations(any three)

3M

OR
a) Correct shape

1M

b) 3s1 : n=3, l=0,m=0, s= + or - .

1M

c) correct statement

1 Mark

d)correct difference(4 points)

2M.

1M
Q25)
rHo = fHo C (g) + 4xfHo Cl (g) - fHo CCl4 (g).

1M

But, fHo CCl4 (g) = fHo CCl4 (l) +vapHo CCl4 = -135.5kJ+30.5kJ.

1M

So, rHo = (715 + 2x242) (-105) = 1034kJmol-1.

(1+ ) M

Bond enthalpy of C-Cl= 1304/4= 326kJ/mol. .

(1+ ) M
OR

Ho = Uo + ngRT.

1M

-10.5 + (-1)x8.314/1000x298 = -12.97 kJmol-1

1M

Go = Ho - TSo.
= -12.97-298x(44.1)/1000 = -11.67 kJmol-1.

(1+1)M

So, it is spontaneous (Go is -ve)

1M.

Q26) a) H20 ; HPO42-

1*2=2M.

b) correct definition and correct example

1+1M.
Page 9 of 10

c)correct answer

1M

OR
a) NH4+;

H2CO3

1*2=2 mark.

b) correct definition and correct example

(1+1+1)

------X------

Page 10 of 10