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# Diagnostic Examination

## TOPIC IV: STATICS

TIME LIMIT: 45 MINUTES
1. A 100 kg block rests on an incline. The coefficient of static friction between the block and the ramp is 0.2. The mass of the
cable is negligible, and the pulley at point C is frictionless. What is the smallest mass of block B that will start the 100 kg block
moving up the incline?

(A) 44 kg
(B) 65 kg
(C) 76 kg
(D) 92 kg
2. An inclined force, F, is applied to a block of mass m. What is the minimum coefficient of static friction between the block and
the ramp surface such that no motion occurs?

(A)

(B)
(C)
(D)
3. A ladder with a length of 10 m rests against a frictionless wall. The coefficient of static friction between the ladder and the floor
is 0.4. The combined weight of the ladder and an individual can be idealized as an 800 N force applied at point B, as shown. What
is the horizontal frictional force between the ladder and floor?

(A) 178 N
(B) 217 N
(C) 266 N
(D) 320 N
4. A sign has a mass of 150 kg. The sign is attached to the wall by a pin at point B and is supported by a cable between points A
and C. Determine the tension in the cable.

(A) 1875 N
(B) 2450 N
(C) 3750 N
(D) 5000 N
5. A 100 kg block rests on a frictionless incline. Forces are applied to the block as shown. What is the minimum force, P, such that
no downward motion occurs?

(A) 50 N
(B) 200 N
(C) 490 N
(D) 850 N
6. An experiment is performed to measure the frictional force between a block and an inclined plane. The block is initially at rest
on the inclined plane. A constantly increasing force, F, is slowly applied to the block. After a period of time, the block begins to
move. Which of the following graphs most likely depicts the relationship between the applied force, F, and the frictional force, Ff ?

7. Two spheres, one with a mass of 7.5 kg and the other with a mass of 10.0 kg, are in equilibrium as shown. If all surfaces are
frictionless, what is the magnitude of the reaction at point B?

(A) 170 N
(B) 200 N
(C) 210 N
(D) 240 N
8. A uniform log of length L is inclined 30 from the horizontal when supported by a frictionless rock located 0.6L from its left end.
The mass of the log is 200 kg. An engineer with a mass of 53.5 kg walks along the log from the left to the right until the log is
balanced horizontally. How far from the left end of the log is the engineer when the log is horizontal?

(A) 0.64L
(B) 0.74L
(C) 0.87L
(D) 0.97L
9. Three nonparallel, nonzero forces act on a rigid body. What must be true of all of these forces for the body to be in equilibrium?

## (A) The forces must be concurrent.

(B) The forces must be equal in magnitude but opposite in direction.
(C) The forces must have the same line of action.
(D) The forces must be at complementary angles to one another.
10. A 250 kg block is supported by the pulley system as shown. The system is in static equilibrium. Assuming the masses of the
pulleys and cables are negligible, what is mass m2?

(A) 125 kg
(B) 250 kg
(C) 375 kg
(D) 500 kg
11. What are the x- and y-coordinates of the centroid of the area?

## (A) (2.51 cm, 3.41 cm)

(B) (2.80 cm, 3.25 cm)
(C) (3.41 cm, 3.71 cm)
(D) (3.20 cm, 4.21 cm)

12. The cantilever truss shown supports a vertical force of 600 000 N applied at point G. What is the force in member CF?

(A) 960 kN
(B) 1.2 MN
(C) 1.6 MN
(D) 2.3 MN
13. A 500 kg crate is supported by three cables as shown. If the force in cable AD is 5950 N, what is the force in cable BD?

(A) 1.5 kN
(B) 2.9 kN
(C) 3.8 kN
(D) 5.1 kN
14. A boat is moored to a dock with a rope tied to a pole as shown. If the tension in the rope is 1000 N, what is the torque exerted
on the pole at point O, the origin?

## (A) (30 Nm)k

(B) (75 Nm)i + (73 Nm)k
(C) (100 Nm)j (130 Nm)k
(D) (75 Nm)i + (130 Nm)j (173 Nm)k
15. A rope supporting a mass passes around four simple frictionless pulleys at points A, B, C, and D, and around two fixed drums
at points E and F. The mass exerts a force of 1000 N on the rope. The radius of all pulleys and drums is 75 mm. If the coefficient
of friction between the rope and all the surfaces it contacts is 0.3, what is the minimum force, P, necessary to hold the weight in
position?

(A) 0 N
(B) 208 N
(C) 786 N
(D) 1154 N

SOLUTIONS
1. Choose coordinate axes parallel and perpendicular to the incline.