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# ECG2013 (L)

Engineering Survey
Lab Report 3: Compass Survey

Group members:

PTM 130707358

PTM130707644

PTM 130707413

PTM130707751

PTM130707731

## 6.Muhammad Amirul Ashraff Bin Mohd Sapuan

PTM130707421

Section: 1
Submission date: 6/4/2015
Lecturer: Sir Syed Syahril Syazwan Bin Syed Illias

ECG 2013(L)
SURVEY PRACTICAL
( Please attach this scoring sheet at the first page of the report )
LAB REPORT
ITEMS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

1
2
3
4
5

STUDENT
SCORE

INTRODUCTION
OBJECTIVES
APPARATUS
PROCEDURES
RESULTS (DATA AND ANALYSIS) + SAMPLE
OF CALCULATION
DISCUSSIONS
CONCLUSIONS
REFERENCES
APPENDICES
SUBTOTAL
FIELD WORK
GROUP MEMBERS
STUDENTS SCORE
ATTENDANCE
USED EQUIPMENT
TEAM WORK
5S
SUBTOTAL
LAB REPORT
TOTAL

MAX
SCORE
5
5
5
10
25
5
5
5
5
70
MAX
SCORE
5
5
10
5
5
30
70
100

Introduction
A prismatic compass is a surveying instrument which is extensively used for
calculating bearings of survey lines and included angles between them. The compass
calculates bearings of lines with respect to magnetic north. The included angles can then be
calculated using suitable formulas in case of clockwise and anti-clockwise traverse
respectively. For each survey line in the traverse, surveyors take two bearings that is fore
bearing and back bearing which should exactly differ by 180 if local attraction is negligible.
The name Prismatic compass is given to it because it essentially consists of a prism which is
used for taking observations more accurately.

In Compass survey chain or tape is used for linear measurements and compass is
used for fixing direction. The compass freely suspended magnetic needle directs to northsouth and the bearing of line is obtained by line of sight.

Objective:

i.

## To introduce the equipment used in level measurement hence execute the

fieldwork.
To measure bearings of the traverse by using prismatic compass survey and
do the correction (if any)

ii.

Equipment:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

## Prismatic compass survey + tripod

Ranging pole
Hammer
Arrows
Tape

Procedure:
1. With length of 20 m, at least six points (CP) had to established at the desired site.
At the ground, drive the nail at the proposed stations.

20 m

20 m

20 m

20 m

20 m
2. Set the compass at Station A and with the arrow, centered the compass by using
the plum bob.
3. Adjust the compass for observation of bearings and also observe the magnetic
north to determine the lines and also the magnetic bearings that had to be
observed. In sheet 2, the readings are taken and then recorded.
4. Set to move to another station together with the compass, the tripod and also the
plum bob. Step 3 then is repeated.

Discussion:
Include a brief discussion with your reports:

Can the students be able to use and set up the apparatus needed in this experiment
correctly?

## Did the students managed to take measurement correctly?

What is the difference between the Fore bearing and the back bearing?

## How to distinguish between them?

Conclusion:
From the experiment that we conducted, we can conclude that the fore bearing is
when we take a level at the site in forward direction, while the back bearing is the opposite to
back bearing, that is the back bearing.

References:
1. Engineering survey laboratory manual [ECG 2013 L].
2. Engineering survey [ECG 2013 ] note books.

Appendices: