Anda di halaman 1dari 6

TUISYEN IBNU SINA

ANSWER SCHEME
1.

CHEMISTRY MODULE 1
THE STRUCTURE OF ATOM

Matter exists in three states of matter, that is solid, liquid and gas.
Draw the arrangement of particles in solid, liquid and gaseous states.

Liquid

solid
2.

Gas

Complete the table below according to the kinetic theory of matter.


State of
Matter

Solid

Liquid

Gas

are packed closely


together
in
an
orderly manner
Strong forces

are packed closely


together but not in
orderly manner
Strong forces but
weaker than the
forces in a solid
Particles
vibrate,
rotate
and
move
throughout the liquid.
They collide against
each other
- has a fixed volume
and
follows
the
shape
of
the
container
Cannot
be
compressed easily

Very far apart and in a


random motion

Characteristic
Arrangement of
particles
Forces of
attraction
Movement of
particles

Particles
vibrate
and rotate about
their fixed positon

Shape / volume

- has a fixed
volume and shape

compressibility

Cannot be
compressed

Weak forces
Particles
vibrate,
rotate and move
freely. The rate of
collision is greater
than in liquid
Does not have a
fixed
shape
of
volume
Can be compressed
easily

TUISYEN IBNU SINA


ANSWER SCHEME
3.

CHEMISTRY MODULE 1
THE STRUCTURE OF ATOM

Fill in the boxes with correct processes


Gas

sublimation

boiling

freezing
Solid

Liquid

melting
Heating
4.

Cooling

Table 1 shows four substances and their respective formula.


Substance
Iodine
Copper
Nafthalene
Copper(II) sulphate

Chemical Formula
I2
Cu
C10H8
CuSO4

Type of particle

Use information from Table 1 to answer the following questions.


(i)
State one substance from the Table 1 which exists as a molecule.
Iodine
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)

Which substance has the highest melting point, iodine or copper?


Copper
What is the state of matter of copper(II) sulphate at room
temperature?
Solid
State the substance in above which can conduct electricity in the
solid state.
Copper

TUISYEN IBNU SINA


ANSWER SCHEME

CHEMISTRY MODULE 1
THE STRUCTURE OF ATOM

5. An experiment is carried out to study the changes of state of matter. Figure


1show the set up of the experiment. Solid X is heated from room temperature to
150oC. At 120oC solid X begins to change to a liquid and vapourised at 140C
.

Thermometer
Boiling tube
Beaker
Coconut oil

Solid X

(i)

(ii)

Figure 1
heat
Name the process for the change of state of solid X when it
reaches 120oC.
Melting
Draw the arrangement of the particles of Solid X at 100 oC and at
130 oC in the box

100 oC
(iii)

130 oC

Why must solid X in the boiling tube be stirred constantly with the
thermometer during the experiment?
To ensure uniform heating

TUISYEN IBNU SINA


ANSWER SCHEME

CHEMISTRY MODULE 1
THE STRUCTURE OF ATOM

(iv)

Sketch a graph of temperature against time when the Solid X is


formed.

Temperature(oC)

1 40oC

---------

--------------------------------------

Time/min

(iv)

Draw the set -up apparatus if liquid X is cooled from 140 oC to


room temperature.

LIQUID X

TUISYEN IBNU SINA


ANSWER SCHEME
6.

CHEMISTRY MODULE 1
THE STRUCTURE OF ATOM

Figure 1 shows a cooling graph of a substance Q which was cooled after it boiled.
Temperature/oC
R
400oC

--------- S

120oC

---------------------------------------- U

V
W

t1

t2

t3

t4

Time/min

Figure 1
Based on Figure 1, answer all the questions.
a)

Give the states of matter for the following.

b)

i)
i)RS :
ii)
ST :
iii)
TU:
iv)
UV:
v)
VW :
State the
i)
ii)

c)

Gas
Gas + Liquid
Liquid
Liquid + solid
Solid

boiling point of the substance


freezing point of the substance

:
:

400C
120C

State the time when the substances Q begins to condense?


t1

d)

Explain why the temperature remains constant at 120oC.


The heat loss to the surroundings is exactly balanced by the heat
energy liberated

e)

If the solid Q is heated, predict the melting point?


120C

TUISYEN IBNU SINA


ANSWER SCHEME

CHEMISTRY MODULE 1
THE STRUCTURE OF ATOM

7.
Atom
Proton Number
P
7
Q
10
R
17
S
17
T
19
P,Q,R,S and T do not represent the actual element.
a)

Write down the electron arrangement for

b)

i) P :2.5
ii) R: 2.8.7
iii) T : 2.8..8.1
Calculate the number of neutron in atom Q

b)

10
Which atoms are isotope? Explain why?

Nucleon number
14
20
35
37
39

R and S. have the same number of proton but different nucleon number
c)

What can you say about the physical and chemical properties of R and S?.

d)

Different physical properties but the same chemical properties


A
Write the symbol of atom Q in the form ofZ
20
10