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El Pasado Perfecto (Past Perfect Tense)

El Pasado Perfecto en el idioma ingls, es una accin que sucedi en un


momento anterior a otra accin, por ejemplo:
Jos had done his homework when I got home.
(Jos haba hecho su tarea cuando llegu a casa)
(Primera accin: Jos haba hecho su tarea.
Segunda accin: yo llegu a la casa.
Maria had prepared dinner when her husband arrived.
Maria haba preparado la cena cuando su esposo lleg.
(Primera accin: Mara haba preparado la cena
Segunda accin: su esposo lleg a casa
Para poder construir la forma afirmativa del Pasado Perfecto debemos utilizar
como auxiliar el verbo (had), y acompaado por el verbo principal en su Pasado
Participio (ya sean verbos regulares o verbos irregulares):
I had bought a book.

Yo haba comprado un libro.

You had cleaned the house. T habas limpiado la casa.


He had brought the pens.

l haba trado los bolgrafos.

She had lost the money.

Ella haba perdido el dinero.

Para formar una pregunta deberemos colocar el auxiliar al comienzo de la


oracin, luego el sujeto y posteriormente el verbo principal tambin en Pasado
Participio:
Had I bought a new car?
Had you cleaned the house?

Haba comprado yo un nuevo auto?


Habas limpiado la la casa?

Had he brought the gifts?

Haba trado l los regalos?

Had she lost the money?

Haba perdido el dinero?

Por su parte, la forma negativa se construye poniendo la negacin NOT entre el


auxiliar y el verbo principal, por ejemplo:
I had not bought a new pen. Yo no haba comprado un nuevo bolgrafo.
You had not cleaned the car.

T no habas limpiado coche.

He had not brought the gifts.

l no haba trado los regalos.

She had not lost the money.

Ella no haba perdido el dinero.

Tambin puede utilizarse la forma contrada de la negacin colocando HADN'T en


vez de HAD NOT.

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El Pasado Perfecto
Ms ejemplos

Jos had studied the past perfect already.


Jos ya haba estudiado el pasado perfecto.
They had lived in a big house.
Haban vivido en una casa grande
The police had stopped the car.
La polica haba parado el carro.
They had seen that film twice already.
Ya haban visto esa pelcula dos veces
We had not (hadn't) been in that restaurant before.
No habamos estado en ese restaurante antes
Had you finished when she arrived?
Habas terminado cuando ella lleg?
En concreto
Usamos el pasado perfecto simple cuando estamos hablando o escribiendo sobre el
pasado y queremos decir que una accin ocurri antes que otra accin pasada.

Observa el siguiente texto


When I got home this morning, my mother had left already. Then after I had eaten my
breakfast, I went with my friends to see a movie. When I arrived at the theater, the
movie had already finished. So we waited in the Cafeteria for the movie, and I bought
some popcorn. I offered my friends some of my popcorn, and they said ``no thank
you``. My friends had already eaten. And I had not eaten for an hour, and then we
ordered a soft drink. Once we finished, we went to take the bus, but we were too late.
The bus had left. After we waited for 5 minutes, we took the next one. When I got
home, my mother had cooked chicken for lunch, but I wasn`t hungry because I had
eaten popcorn.

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