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PERENCANAAN TRANSPORTASI

YANG BERWAWASAN
LINGKUNGAN

Djoko Murwono

MSTT / UGM

Transportation Role
Transportation

Positive Impact ?

Improve Accessibility &


Mobility

Developmet

Areas Development

Activity Development

Negative Impact ?
Economic Growth
welfare

The increasing demand for passanger & freight transport and


the increasing car use in cities cause accessibility Mobility
and environmental problems.

Perencanaan Sistem
Transportasi

Sistem Transportasi
Nasional

Tataran Transportasi
Nasional ( Tatranas )

Sistem Transportasi
Provinsi

Tataran Transportasi
Wilayah ( Tatrawil )

Sistem Transportasi
Kota / Kabupaten

Tataran Transportasi
Lokal ( Tatralok )

Sustainable Transportation
,Terpadu , berwawasan Lingkungan, efisiensi pergerakan (angkutan massal, Pola
distribusi angkutan barang), terjamin keselamatan
Pemerintah telah Berusaha : tapi banyak
kendala
3

Djoko Murwono/MSTT/UGM

Sustainable Transportation
Mendapatkan suatu Rencana pengembangan sistem
jaringan transportasi yang terorganisasi secara
kesisteman dalam lingkup wilayah Kota / Kabupaten
yang terintegrasi antara transportasi darat,
transportasi air dan transportasi udara, sehingga
saling berinteraksi membentuk suatu sistem
pelayanan jasa transportasi yang efektif dan efisien,
terpadu dan harmonis serta sesuai dengan kultur
masyarakat, yang pada akhirnya dapat meningkatkan
kualitas kehidupan dan menjawab tantangan masa
depan, guna mendukung tercapainya visi-misi Kota /
Kab.

Terintegrasi
dalam satu sistem

Output Tatralok : berwawasan sustainable transport

Identifikasi dan analisis awal isu strategis dan permasalahan transportasi.


Identifikasi land use yang ada dan yang direncanakan.
Identifikasi bangkitan arus lalu lintas orang dan barang.
Analisis distribusi pergerakan (pola pergerakan) orang dan barang.
Analisis kebutuhan terminal orang dan barang.
Identifikasi kebutuhan jaringan jalan.
Penataan hierarkhi (peran dan fungsi) jaringan jalan.
Rencana penataan dan pengembangan sistem jaringan jalan.
Rencana penataan dan pengembangan fasilitas pejalan kaki dan jalur sepeda
Rencana penataan dan pengembangan jaringan trayek angkutan umum dan Terminal.
Rencana penataan dan pengembangan jaringan lintas angkutan barang,
Rencana penataan dan pengembangan sistem angkutan jalan rel.
Rencana penataan dan pengembangan sistem angkutan laut dan udara
Strategy percepatan pencapaian program penataan dan pengembangan sistem transportasi
kota/kabupaten.
Kebijakan Daerah dalam pengelolaan jaringan transportasi darat, air, dan udara

Djoko Murwono/MSTT/UGM

SISTEM TRANSPORTASI NASIONAL


TATARAN TRANSPORTASI
1. TATARAN
TRANSPORTASI
NASIONAL (TATRANAS) :
20th
2. TATARAN
TRANSPORTASI
WILAYAH (TATRAWIL): 15
th
3. TATARAN
TRANSPORTASI LOKAL
(TATRALOK): 10 th

MODA TRANSPORTASI

TERPADU

KELEMBAGAAN

1. TRANSPORTASI
JALAN
2. TRANSPORTASI
KERETA API
3. TRANSPORTASI
SUNGAI DAN DANAU
4. TRANSPORTASI
PENYEBERANGAN
5. TRANSPORTASI LAUT
6. TRANSPORTASI
UDARA
7. TRANSPORTASI PIPA

RENCANA TATA RUANG


1 Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah Nasional (RTRWN)
2 Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah Propvinsi (RTRWP)
3 Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah Kab./Kota (RTRW Kota/Kabupaten)
MODA Transportasi

Tataran Transportasi
Tataran Transportasi Nasional (Tatranas)
Tataran Transportasi Wilayah (Tatrawil)
Tataran Transportasi Lokal (Tatralok)

terpadu

KELEMBAGAAN
HUBUNGAN ANTAR TATARAN:
KESISTEMAN:TATRANAS, TATRAWIL, DAN TATRALOK SEBAGAI PERWUJUDAN SISTRANAS, MERUPAKAN TATANAN
TRANSPORTASI YANG TERORGANISASI SECARA KESISTEMAN, MASING-MASING TATARAN MEMPUNYAI KARAKTERISTIK
FUNGSIONAL YANG SALING TERKAIT, BERINTERAKSI MEMBENTUK SISTEM PELAYANAN TRANSPORTASI.
.

KETERPADUAN

:TATRANAS, TATRAWIL, DAN TATRALOK BERINTERAKSI MEMBENTUK SISTEM JARINGAN PRASARANA


DAN JARINGAN PELAYANAN YANG TERINTEGRASI ANTAR MODA ANTAR WILAYAH SECARA EFEKTIF DAN EFISIEN
DIMENSI WAKTU:

TATRANAS, TATRAWIL, DAN TATRALOK DISUSUN DENGAN MEMPERHATIKAN ARAH DAN


KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN, PERKEMBANGAN SEKTOR TERKAIT SERTA LINGKUNGAN STRATEGIS DALAM HORIZON DALAM WAKTU
JANGKA MENENGAH, DAN JANGKA PANJANG DAN DIKAJI ULANG SEKURANG-KURANGNYA SETIAP 5 TAHUN.

1. Transportasi Jalan
2. Transportasi Kereta Api
3. Transportasi Sungai dan
Danau
4. Transportasi Penyeberangan
5. Transportasi Laut
6. Transportasi Udara
7. Transportasi Pipa

KELEMBAGAAN
MASALAH DI TINGKAT OPERASIONAL:
KATA KUNCI:
UNJUK KERJA
INFRASTRUKTUR
TRANSPORTASI

PENYEDIAAN DAN
PEMANTAUAN INFRASTRUKTUR
TRANSPORTASI

MELAKUKAN SEMUA PERSYARATAN KEGIATAN PEMBANGUNAN SECARA BENAR

PENGATURAN DAN
PENGAWASAN LALU LINTAS

MASALAH DI TINGKAT MANAJEMEN


KATA KUNCI:

DINAS PU

DISHUB

MENENTUKAN KEBIJAKAN PENGELOLAAN SISTEM


JARINGAN TRANSPORTASI

KEBUTUHAN PELAYANAN TRANSPORTASI


PERENCANAAN UMUM TATA
GUNA LAHAN DAN
TRANSPORTASI
PEMDA/BAPPEDA

MANAJAMEN
INFRASTRUKTUR JALAN

MANAJEMEN SARANA
TRANSPORTASI

DINAS PU

DISHUB

DPRD PROVINSI ,KAB./KOTA

KEBIJAKAN PUBLIK

DINAS TEKNIS TERKAIT

MASALAH DI TINGKAT
KEBIJAKAN
KATA KUNCI:
TRANSPORTASI,
VISI KOTA/Kab. DAN
ISU EQUITY DAN
SUSTAINABILITY

Rencana Tata Ruang


Nasional (RTRWN)

Tataran Transportasi Nasional


(Tatranas)

Rencana Tata Ruang


Propinsi (RTRWP)

Tataran Transportasi Wilayah


Propinsi (Tatrawil)

Rencana Tata Ruang


Kabupaten/Kota (RTRWK)

Tataran Transportasi Lokal


Kabupaten/Kota (Tatralok)

Rencana Tata Ruang


Kawasan (RTRW Kawasan)

Tataran Transportasi Kawasan

Payung FGD

Sistranas & Tatranas

Principles of Sustainable
Transportation

RTRW Nasional

Tatrawil Prov Prov.

RTRW Prov.
RTRW kota / Kab

Propinsi
(Bappeda, Dishub,DPU)a

Stakeholders pakar Kota/ Kab.


Kelembagaan Kota / Kab.
(Instansi terkait)

Partisipasi Masyarakat Kota / Kab.

Tatralok Kab./Kota yg berbatasan

Forum Group Discussion


FGD

Kab./Kota yg berbatasan
PUSAT
Departemen Perhubungan

Cakupan Tatralok, harus mencakup kajian terhadap semua kemungkinan implementasi sistem
Transportasi, baik sistem angkutan darat ( Jalan Raya dan Jalan Rel) , angkutan Udara dan
sistem angkutan air (Sungai & Laut).

Principles of Sustainable Transportation (Land transport)


12

Djoko Murwono/MSTT/UGM

Enhancing accessibility Mobility is not an aim in and of


itself, but rather a means of facilitating access to
activities. Sustainable transportation systems enhance
accessibility by reducing traffic loads and by providing
high-quality service to all riders regardless of wealth or
distance from the city center.
Prioritization of public transportation Sustainable
transportation systems give priority to public
transportation in its intersections with vehicles, and forces
private drivers to pay the real price of driving.

A DIFFERENT WAY OF
THINKING
13

There is an urgent need for a


change in the way we think
about transportation
(paradigm shifts)
Sustainable transportation
requires fundemental changes in
our transportation planning
practices.

Djoko Murwono/MSTT/UGM


14

Djoko Murwono/MSTT/UGM

Integration between different means of transportation


Sustainable transportation systems account for the
differing uses of existing methods of transportation and
guarantee efficient meeting points between them that are
easy for the rider to navigate.
The organizational structure of the various authorities
involved in managing the system contributes to successful
integration.
Environmental protection Sustainable transportation
systems minimize environmental degradation through
reduced pollution of emissions and noise and through
conservation of resources such as land and fossil fuels.

A package of measures: sustainable transport

High Priority

High Priority

Low Volume

High Volume

People-oriented approach (proposed)


High Volume

Low Volume

Low priority

Car/vehicle-oriented approach (current)

Low priority

15

16

A package of
measures:
sustainable
transport

the development of an integrated transport and land use system that


helps achieve an overall city vision which takes account of the lifestyle
issues and needs of the different groups in society;
the improvement of the accessibility of the transport system for all
potential users, including the young, the elderly and the disabled;
the provision of a safer transport system with higher levels of personal
security for users;
the provision of a transport system that is energy efficient by promoting
the use of ecologically sustainable transport modes;
the improvement of the overall effectiveness and efficiency of the
transport system by developing techniques that provide a more optimal
balance between the demand for travel and the capacity of the
transport system, including more efficient utilisation of existing
infrastructure;
the provision of transport solutions that promote benefits in excess of costs
and minimise negative externalities, and
the reduction in the need to travel by developing non-transport
communications systems that are socially acceptable for personal and/or
business needs.
Djoko Murwono/MSTT/UGM

GENERAL ISSUES AND PROBLEMS ON LAND TRANSPORT SECTOR


17

INCREASING OF URBAN POPULATION AND VEHICLES

Culture ( lifestyle)

Availability of Job Opportunities

Safety awareness

Djoko Murwono/MSTT/UGM

Main Problems
18

National Policy related to Population of motorcycles & private cars (conflict


of interest : un-employment & sustainable traffic point of view)

Transport Mode choice ( Culture & the quality of Public transport services, provision of
cyclist facilities ) People tends to use Motorcycles & private cars

FUEL FUEL CONSUMPTION (Land Transport sector consumed 47.5% of national fuel.
Meanwhile, 88% of it are consumed by Road Transport.)

TRAFFIC CONGESTION

AIR POLLUTION ( TRAFFIC EMMISION)

TRAFFIC NOISE

TRAFFIC ACCIDENT

Djoko Murwono/MSTT/UGM

National Policy related to Population of motorcycles & private cars


19

Huge number of peoples

Industry ( motorcycle & car )


Generate a lot of job
opportunities ( Direct &
Indirect )

Constraint : Provision
job opportunity
Sustainable transport
Departement of
transportation

Goverment Policy ???

Very complicated & difficult


to solve

Local District (Kabupaten &


kota) Policy ???

should be conducted by
Staging approach

Djoko Murwono/MSTT/UGM

Transport Mode choice


20

Indonesian Culture
The quality of Public
transport services
Provision of cyclist
facilities

Motorists & Car/PT


Drivers Behaviour

Climate condition

Credit (motorcycle &


car) Facilities
Provision of
pedestrian facilities
Djoko Murwono/MSTT/UGM

Willingness to walk
????
Willingness to use
Bicycle ????
Willingness to use
Public Transport ????

How To push :
Cyclist
Public transport
Pedestrian

21

How To push :
Cyclist
Public transport
Pedestrian
Improving quality of
public transport

City Walk areas :


Centre city areas
Provision cyclist facilities
Secure & Comfortable :
estetic
TATRALOK

Composing : Masterplan of Public


Transport

Djoko Murwono/MSTT/UGM

Provision more
comfortable Public
transport ( Air
Conditioned Buses )

Composing : Masterplan &


DED of City walk areas

22

Djoko Murwono/MSTT/UGM

23

Djoko Murwono/MSTT/UGM

Malioboro Yogyakarta

Kapan aku
Bisa nyebrang ??

Mumpung ngak
ada polisi !

Jaringan infrastruktur
Transportasi
Pergerakan Orang & Barang
Jaringan Trayek Angkutan
Umum
Jaringan Lintas Angkutan
Barang
Jaringan angk. Pnp non
angkutan umum

Aksesibilitas & Mobilitas

26

Djoko Murwono/MSTT/UGM

Penataan/Pengembangan/ Penyediaan:
Terminal Barang/Rest Area?
Jaringan lintas
angkutan barang

DATA:
Jaringan Jalan
(dimensi, perkerasan, geometrik jalan,
peran, dan fungsi, serta kelas jalan)

DATA:
Perjalanan Eksisting
DATA:
Kawasan CBD, pasar induk dan
tradisional
DATA:
Industri, pertanian,
pertambangan
Pelabuhan,
terminal barang

Penataan dan pengembangan jaringan jalan


(hirarkhi, kelas jalan, dimensi, perkerasan,
geometrik jalan)
Kinerja Jaringan Jalan
Daya dukung lingkungan

Pola pergerakan arus lalu


lintas barang

Pemodelan Lalu lintas

POTENSI
PERJALANAN

DATA: Tata guna lahan, jaringan


transportasi Jalan

Penataan & pengembangan


jaringan jalan Lintas & terminal
Jaringan lintas
angkutan barang Jalan Raya

DATA:
Jaringan Jalan
(dimensi, perkerasan, geometrik
jalan, peran, dan fungsi, serta
kelas jalan)
DATA: O-D
Perjalanan Eksisting
DATA:
Kawasan CBD, pasar
induk dan tradisional
DATA:
Kawasan Industri,
pertanian,
pertambangan
Dermaga, Pelabuhan, terminal

Penataan/Pengembangan/
Penyediaan: Dermaga & Pelabuhan

Pengembangan sistem
jaringan jalan rel
Jaringan lintas
angkutan barang Jalan Rel

Jaringan lintas
angkutan barang angkutan Sungai

Kinerja Jaringan Jalan

Rencana Sistem Jaringan Jalan


raya & Jalan Rel

Daya dukung lingkungan


Pola pergerakan arus
lalu lintas barang

Pemodelan Lalu lintas

POTENSI
PERJALANAN

DATA:Tata guna lahan,


jaringan transportasi Jalan
Jaringan Sungai yang dapat
dilayari

PELABUHAN LAUT

KAWASAN Pertambangan ,
Perkebunan, Industri & Bisnis

ANGKUTAN JALAN RAYA

ANGKUTAN JALAN REL

Tujuan :Eksport
&/ PKN lain

PABRIK DI TEPI SUNGAI

ANGKUTAN JALAN RAYA


ANGKUTAN SUNGAI
DERMAGA SUNGAI

Perusahaan TAMBANG
MINYAK

Memanfaatkan PELABUHAN
KHUSUS

Cohtoh : Arahan Moda unggulan dalam sistem angkutan barang untuk


kawasan Pertambangan,perkebunan, Industri dan bisnis
PABRIK DI PEDALAMAN

Lepas Pantai

Eksport &/ PKN


LAIN

KAWASAN PERTAMBANGAN
BATUBARA

Jangka Menengah-Panjang diarahkan terjadi perubahan


moda angkutan yang digunakan

PABRIK DI TEPI SUNGAI

PELABUHAN LAUT

Eksport &/ PKN


LAIN

KAWASAN PERTAMBANGAN
BATUBARA
PABRIK DI TEPI SUNGAI

Gambar : Arahan Moda unggulan dalam sistem angkutan barang khususnya untuk
angkutan batu bara

PELABUHAN LAUT
( BARANG)
KAWASAN PERTAMBANGAN
BATUBARA

EKSPOR/ORDE I
PKN LAIN

KAWASAN INDUSTRI
ANGKUTAN JALAN RAYA

ANGKUTAN JALAN REL

ANGKUTAN JALAN RAYA

ANGKUTAN SUNGAI
KONSUMEN

PABRIK DI TEPI SUNGAI


KAWASAN PERTAMBANGAN
BATUBARA

DERMAGA SUNGAI

Perkebunan
EKSPOR/ORDE I
PKN LAIN
ORDE 3 DAN 2
KAWASAN INDUSTRI DI TEPI LAUT

PELABUHAN LAUT
KHUSUS

Sistem Transportasi Angkutan Barang utk Dukungan terhadap Kawasan Industri & Pertambangan-Perkebunan

Pola Distribusi Angkutan barang di kawasan perkotaan


Inner Ringroad
Kawasan
Pertokoan

Fasilitas pergantian moda


angkutan barang di
kawasan Perkotaan
Pelabuhan laut

Kawasan
Pasar
Jalan Lingkar Kota
Kawasan
Permukiman

TRAFFIC CONGESTION
34

Traffic congestion is caused by various factors:

The high growth of motor vehicles & private


cars,

Physical bottlenecks,

Capacity Reduction at intersection,

Loading and unloading of bus passenger on


the road,

U-turns, rail-road crossing,

On street parking,

Bad driving behaviour,

Freight Transport, etc.


have brought impact on economic lose and
increasing air pollution.

Traffic Management
Increasing Capacity ( widening / reduction
side friction: arrangement on street parking)
Design U-Turn ( minimum distance & geometric)
& Fly 0ver
Driver education , public Campaign , Safety
awareness socialization at school )
Urban Transport logistics Management
Using telecommunications to reduce or replace
physical travel, such as tele-working or teleshopping
Land use planning ( RTRW kota / Kabupaten)
Planning the layout of our cities to bring people and
their needs closer together, and to make cities more
walkable)

AIR POLLUTION (TRAFFIC EMISSION)


35

Djoko Murwono/MSTT/UGM

Vehicle emission spot check


Total vehicle : 32.911 vehicle
Gasoline vehicle : 25.018, Pass the emission
36 standard 70%
Diesel vehicle : 7.893, Pass the emission
standard 45%

Challenges Remain
Fuel quality (especially diesel oil quality) remains
a major problem.
The average sulfur content in diesel oil is 2500
ppm. This contributes to PM10 pollution which is
most detrimental to human health,
But most importantly, it prevents on-vehicle
emission control devices (such as, particulate trap)
from functioning appropriately.
The Euro 2 corresponding fuel standards require
a maximum of 500 ppm sulfur in diesel.
Djoko Murwono/MSTT/UGM

Roadside ambient air quality


NO2 : All of 16 cities have complied to ambient air quality
standard (AAQS)
SO2 : 1 city has exceeded AAQS, 15 Cities have complied
to AAQS
CO : All of 16 cities have exceeded AAQS
HC : 5 cities have exceeded AAQS, and 11 Cities have
complied to AAQS

Traffic emmision is influenced :


Traffic Volume & composition
Vehicle condition (The quality of vehicle
maintenance & Technology & age of vehicle)
Speed
Landuse characteristic along the road

37

Djoko Murwono/MSTT/UGM

Measures for reducing the emissions derived from urban transport activity
38

Poor driving technique can increase


fuel consumption by perhaps 10-15
percent, increase engine wear and
maintenance costs and lead to
increased vehicle emissions.

The incidence and effects of poor


driving technique can be reduced
by training programs and through
vehicle
technology,
notably
electronic engine management
systems and recording systems that
provide monitoring and feedback
on driver performance.

Djoko Murwono/MSTT/UGM

Reduction traffic congestion ( traffic management /Transportation


demand management (TDM)
Engine technology and other mechanical aspects of vehicle design; ( ? )
Land use planning ( RTRW kota / Kabupaten) Planning the layout of our
cities to bring people and their needs closer together, and to make cities
more walkable
Transport logistics Management ( How to plan Urban Freight Transport
Distribution)
Provision green areas
Using cleaner fuels and technologies
Driver training
Promote alternative transportation modes
Improve infrastructure efficiency ,e.g. synchronized traffic signal systems
or roundabouts in place of independent signals
Remove highly inefficient vehicles from the system

39

Opportunities for reduced


emissions through improved
transport logistics include:

selecting the best mode of transport for the task;

improved coordination of pickups and deliveries;

using the most appropriate vehicle for the task;

improved driver behaviour;

increases in vehicle capacity; and

Djoko Murwono/MSTT/UGM

improved traffic management and reduced stopstart driving.

40

Djoko Murwono/MSTT/UGM

41

Djoko Murwono/MSTT/UGM

42

Djoko Murwono/MSTT/UGM

Main Issue :

Traffic Noise

Landuse ( CBD , industrial areas,


dwelling areas, etc ) & economic
growth,

Increasing transportation activities

CBD
Industrial areas

Traffic generation

Land
transport

Traffic noice along the roadrail network

Dwelling Areas
Mining Areas
Others Areas.

River - sea
Traffic noise along
the river & Harbour
araeas

Road & rail network

Air transport
Noise Surrounding Airport areas

One major issue of noise control is the question of measurement


methodology ?

Why traffic noise its become important ?

Vehicle population (Traffic growth)


Poor maintenance of vehicle
Poor awareness in road designing
Poor behaviour of road user
Traffic Noise : f ( trafffic volume, Speed, distance source-reciever , medium
geometric , pavement , traffic composition , vehicle condition)

45

Djoko Murwono/MSTT/UGM

0811267181

TRANSPORT IMPACT
ASSESSMENT

Perkembangan tataguna lahan ( CBD , Kawasan industri, permukiman,dll ) & perekonomian daerah,
meningkatkan kegiatan transportasi .
Untuk menunjang kegiatan transportasi tersebut, dikembangkan prasarana dan sarana transportasi.

Kawasan Bisnis (CBD)


Kawasan industri
Kawasan Permukiman

Bangkitan arus
lalulintas

Kawasan Pertambangan
Kawasan lain-lain

Air
(sungai&laut)

Menimbulkan dampak (- &+) di jalur


pelayaran sungai & Kawasan
pelabuhan

Darat

Udara

Membebani ruas-ruas
jalan (raya & rel)
Menimbulkan Dampak
(-&+)

Menimbulkan dampak di Kawasan


sepanjang jalur penerbangan (kawasan
bandara)

Latar Belakang munculnya Anslisa dampak Lalulintas


Pembangunan
Pusat Kegiatan
Mall, Pasar, Terminal dll

Dampak Negatip
Upaya meminimalkan Dampak
Negatip

AMDAL / UKL-UPL
Realita di lapangan : karena bahasan
komponen lingkungan transportasi minim :
Kajian Lokasi, tapak dan akses ( kebutuhan infrastruktur)
Pergerakan arus lalulintas di tapak
Pergerakan Bangkitan parkir pada pusat kegiatan
Gangguan kelancaran lalulintas di akses & jaringan jalan sekitarnya
Pola Pengaturan arus lalulintas di kawasan pusat kegiatan. dll

Analisa Dampak Lalulintas

Mengapa pada pembangunan Terminal perlu dilakukan Andal Lalin


Komponen Terminal
Tapak

Akses

Pusat Kegiatan Sekitar terminal

Jaringan Jalan
sekitar Terminal

Bangkitan / Tarikan
lalulintas

Masalah gangguan :
Pergerakan di :
AKDP

AKDP

Angkot

Tapak terminal

Angkot

Akses terminal

Penjual jasa Transport


Kend. Penjemput /
pengantar
Kend. Pegawai
Pejalan kaki

Terminal

Penjual jasa
Transport
Kend. Penjemput /
pengantar
Kend. Pegawai
Pejalan kaki

Jaringan sekitar terminal

Perlu diminimalkan
Andal Lalin

Scoping the Transport Assessment


The following is a non-exhaustive list of areas of interest which are likely to be relevant to a Transport Assessment:
Size and description of proposal.
Description of existing uses of the land.
Does the development involve relocation of an existing use?
Are traffic surveys of the existing condition required?
What is the potential modal split?
Potential traffic generation from the site.
Are further traffic generation surveys required?
What is the rate of traffic growth locally?
Will the site attract traffic from other adjacent sites?
What will be the area of impact of the proposal?
When is the critical time period of assessment?
What are the assessment years?
When will the site become fully operational?
Are there significant phases to the project?
Is a neo or modified road access likely?
Will adjacent links or junctions become overloaded?
What level of car-parking provision is required?
Are there any special circumstances relevant to this proposal?
Is the development in line with the County Development Plan?
What improvements/modifications are required for pedestrians, cyclists and the mobility impaired?
What modifications/improvements are required for public transport?

Transport Assessment Sections


The following is a list of recommended sections within the Assessment:
Non-Technical Summary
Existing Conditions
Proposed Development
Modal Choice/Trip Attraction
Trip Distribution
Trip Assignment
Assessment Years
Road Impact
Environmental Impact
Road Safety
Internal Layout
Parking
Public Transport
Pedestrians/Cyclists/the Mobility Impaired

Key Elements of the Assessment


The following is a non-exhaustive list of elements to be considered in the Assessment:
Traffic Flow Assessments
The most commonly used method for estimating the traffic generated by a development is by
comparison. TRICS (Trip Rate information Computer System) is often used and is very helpful.
However this is UK based and should only be used in conjunction with traffic counts at comparable
developments in comparable locations within Ireland.
Traffic Growth
NRA traffic growth rates are often used but should be check that the estimates are reasonable for
the location of the development.
Timescale
Standard timescales are:
Opening Year
Opening Year +5
Opening Year +15
Peak Flows
The peak flow for the road network is generally in the morning but the heaviest period of flow
should be assessed prior to beginning a traffic count. The activity peak is the period in which the
greatest number of trips are generated by the development

Modal Split
A reasonable assessment of public transport, pedestrian, cycle and traffic requirements and provision should
be made. Consultations with public transport providers and local groups may prove useful.
Direction Split
A reasonable assessment, based on existing traffic, housing, shopping and factory locations, shall be made
regarding the percentage split in traffic approaching / leaving the development.
Parking Provision
The parking provided shall be in accordance with the County Development Plan.
Values
Sources of information for all values used in the assessment shall be included.
Construction
During construction the road networks may be affected by workers and deliveries to the site. This shall be
assessed and a traffic management plan drawn up.
Local Facilities
The location of shops, employment areas, community centres, leisure centres and housing shall be considered
along with the travel requirements between them and the development.
Road Network Capacity
The road network shall be assessed to see if it can accommodate the increased traffic in each of the three
assessment years.
Safety
Accident data for the area surrounding the development and mitigation proposals for areas shown to have a
high numbers of accidents shall be included in the assessment.
Large vehicles
Provision shall be made for larges vehicles accessing and within the development. These shall include refuse
lorries, emergency vehicles and delivery lorries.

Jaringan infrastruktur
Transportasi
Pergerakan Orang & Barang
Jaringan Trayek Angkutan
Umum
Jaringan Lintas Angkutan
Barang
Jaringan angk. Pnp non
angkutan umum

Aksesibilitas & Mobilitas

55

Djoko Murwono/MSTT/UGM

Penataan/Pengembangan/ Penyediaan:
Terminal Barang/Rest Area?
Jaringan lintas
angkutan barang

DATA:
Jaringan Jalan
(dimensi, perkerasan, geometrik jalan,
peran, dan fungsi, serta kelas jalan)

DATA:
Perjalanan Eksisting
DATA:
Kawasan CBD, pasar induk dan
tradisional
DATA:
Industri, pertanian,
pertambangan
Pelabuhan,
terminal barang

Penataan dan pengembangan jaringan jalan


(hirarkhi, kelas jalan, dimensi, perkerasan,
geometrik jalan)
Kinerja Jaringan Jalan
Daya dukung lingkungan

Pola pergerakan arus lalu


lintas barang

Pemodelan Lalu lintas

POTENSI
PERJALANAN

DATA: Tata guna lahan, jaringan


transportasi Jalan

Penataan & pengembangan


jaringan jalan Lintas & terminal
Jaringan lintas
angkutan barang Jalan Raya

DATA:
Jaringan Jalan
(dimensi, perkerasan, geometrik
jalan, peran, dan fungsi, serta
kelas jalan)
DATA: O-D
Perjalanan Eksisting
DATA:
Kawasan CBD, pasar
induk dan tradisional
DATA:
Kawasan Industri,
pertanian,
pertambangan
Dermaga, Pelabuhan, terminal

Penataan/Pengembangan/
Penyediaan: Dermaga & Pelabuhan

Pengembangan sistem
jaringan jalan rel
Jaringan lintas
angkutan barang Jalan Rel

Jaringan lintas
angkutan barang angkutan Sungai

Kinerja Jaringan Jalan

Rencana Sistem Jaringan Jalan


raya & Jalan Rel

Daya dukung lingkungan


Pola pergerakan arus
lalu lintas barang

Pemodelan Lalu lintas

POTENSI
PERJALANAN

DATA:Tata guna lahan,


jaringan transportasi Jalan
Jaringan Sungai yang dapat
dilayari

PELABUHAN LAUT

KAWASAN Pertambangan ,
Perkebunan, Industri & Bisnis

ANGKUTAN JALAN RAYA

ANGKUTAN JALAN REL

Tujuan :Eksport
&/ PKN lain

PABRIK DI TEPI SUNGAI

ANGKUTAN JALAN RAYA


ANGKUTAN SUNGAI
DERMAGA SUNGAI

Perusahaan TAMBANG
MINYAK

Memanfaatkan PELABUHAN
KHUSUS

Cohtoh : Arahan Moda unggulan dalam sistem angkutan barang untuk


kawasan Pertambangan,perkebunan, Industri dan bisnis
PABRIK DI PEDALAMAN

Lepas Pantai

Eksport &/ PKN


LAIN

KAWASAN PERTAMBANGAN
BATUBARA

Jangka Menengah-Panjang diarahkan terjadi perubahan


moda angkutan yang digunakan

PABRIK DI TEPI SUNGAI

PELABUHAN LAUT

Eksport &/ PKN


LAIN

KAWASAN PERTAMBANGAN
BATUBARA
PABRIK DI TEPI SUNGAI

Gambar : Arahan Moda unggulan dalam sistem angkutan barang khususnya untuk
angkutan batu bara

PELABUHAN LAUT
( BARANG)
KAWASAN PERTAMBANGAN
BATUBARA

EKSPOR/ORDE I
PKN LAIN

KAWASAN INDUSTRI
ANGKUTAN JALAN RAYA

ANGKUTAN JALAN REL

ANGKUTAN JALAN RAYA

ANGKUTAN SUNGAI
KONSUMEN

PABRIK DI TEPI SUNGAI


KAWASAN PERTAMBANGAN
BATUBARA

DERMAGA SUNGAI

Perkebunan
EKSPOR/ORDE I
PKN LAIN
ORDE 3 DAN 2
KAWASAN INDUSTRI DI TEPI LAUT

PELABUHAN LAUT
KHUSUS

Sistem Transportasi Angkutan Barang utk Dukungan terhadap Kawasan Industri & Pertambangan-Perkebunan

Pola Distribusi Angkutan barang di kawasan perkotaan


Inner Ringroad
Kawasan
Pertokoan

Fasilitas pergantian moda


angkutan barang di
kawasan Perkotaan
Pelabuhan laut

Kawasan
Pasar
Jalan Lingkar Kota
Kawasan
Permukiman

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