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Advanced Nonlinear

Nonlinear and
and Detail
Detail Analysis Software
Program
Advanced

New Paradigm in Advanced Structural Analysis

www.MidasUser.com

Overview

Geometry Modelling

Mesh Generation

Analysis

Post-processing

Configuration
Geometry Modeller

Report Generator

Geometry modelling and clean-up

Mesh Generators

Various graphic plots and result tables

FEA

Post-processor

Auto, mapped and manual meshing

FEM Pre-processor

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FEM Solvers

Analysis Capabilities
Static Analysis
Construction Stage Analysis
Moving Load Analysis (User-defined)
Modal Analysis
Linear Buckling Analysis
Transient / Spectrum Response Analysis
Time History Analysis
Material / Geometry Nonlinearity Analysis
Interface Nonlinearity Analysis
Reinforcement Analysis
Cracking Analysis
Static/Implicit Contact Analysis
Heat Transfer Analysis
Heat of Hydration Analysis
Fatigue Analysis

Fluid Dynamics Analysis (CFD Analysis)


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Applicable Problems
General Detail Analysis (Linear, Material/Geometry Nonlinear)
General detail FE analysis (linear static/dynamic analysis of concrete and steel)
Buckling analysis of steel structure with material and geometric nonlinearity

Concrete, Interface and Reinforcement Nonlinear Analysis


Detail analysis of composite structure (steel + concrete)
Thermal analysis and differential shrinkage analysis of steel-concrete composite
girder, concrete filled steel tube and core of the SRC pier, etc.
3D detail analysis considering steel, concrete and reinforcement simultaneously
Detail analysis of CFT (Concrete Filled Tube) Columns and analysis of the longterm behaviour (differential settlement)

Crack initiation and propagation in concrete structure


Discrete modelling and analysis of masonry
Composite modelling and analysis of wall in shear
Detail analysis for tendon anchorage

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Applicable Problems
Thermo-Elastic Analysis (Heat Transfer, Heat of Hydration)
Analysis of heat of hydration (general, special, nonlinear)

Detail analysis for assessment of shear capacity of pavement (Debonding Failure)


Analysis of thermal effect due to the asphalt pavement (Guss Asphalt)
Fire effect on a reinforced concrete slab
Evaluation of residual stress and integrity of welded part

Special Analysis (Fatigue, Contact, etc.)


Crack and fatigue analysis of the surface of structures
Life-cycle prediction of steel bridges
Fluid dynamics analysis of bridges
Staggered fluid-structure interaction analysis
High-end detail analysis

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Framework
Main Menu

Tabbed
Toolbar
Work Window

Works Tree
Task
Pane

Property
Window

Table
Window
Output
Window

Developed based-on Task-oriented Design Paradigm


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New Paradigm in Advanced Structural Analysis

www.MidasUser.com

Overview

Geometry Modelling

Mesh Generation

Analysis

Post-processing

Data Exchange

Import (Geometry)

STEP, IGES
ACIS*, Parasolid*
SolidWorks*, Inventor*, etc.
AutoCAD DWG / DXF
MIDAS MxT files

Imported CAD Geometry

* marked CAD interfaces are optional.

Export (Geometry)

STEP, IGES, BRep


MSC/NASTRAN*

Standards for CAD Data Exchange


STEP (STandard for the Exchange of Product Model Data)
IGES (Initial Graphics Exchange Specification)

Generated Mesh

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Geometry Modelling

Curve

Line, Polyline
Arc, Circle
Polygon
B-Spline
Tunnel Section
Fillet, Chamfer
Trim, Extend
Intersect
Offset, Tangent
Break, Merge

Surface

Plane Patch
Coons Patch
NURBS Patch
Grid Patch
Vertex Patch
Fillet, Chamfer
Sew, Fuse
Trim, Divide
Extend
Imprint

Solid

Box, Wedge
Cylinder, Cone
Sphere, Torus
Trim, Divide
Embed
Boolean Op.
(Fuse, Cut, )
Stitch Surfaces

Advanced
Modelling

Extrude
Revolve
Loft
Sweep
Fillet, Chamfer
Offset, Draft
Shelling
Local Prism
Check, Repair
Transform

Advanced modelling functions support both top-down and bottom-up approaches in surface & solid modelling.

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Curve Modelling
Generation
Line
Arc
Circle
Ellipse
Parabola
Hyperbola

Modification
B-Spline
Polyline
Rectangle
Polygon
Profile
Tunnel

On-Surface Curve
Shortest Path Line
Surface Intersection
Offset Curve
Extrude Vertex
Tangent Line

Arc

Fillet / Chamfer
Trim / Extend
Merge / Break
Intersect
Align, Coincide
Make Wire
Imported DXF

Polyline
Surface
Intersection
Line

Circle

Profile
(Polyline+Tangent Arc)

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Tunnel
Section

B-Spline

Surface Modelling
Vertex Cloud

Co-planar Curves

Virtual Grid
(M X N)

Plane Patch

Elevation

Grid Patch

Vertex Patch

2~4 Curves

Arbitrary Curves
(Boundary/Tangent/Internal)

Coons Patch
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NURBS Patch

Solid Modelling
Boolean Operation
Trim

+
Divide

Fuse

(A B)

Stitch to Solid
(Face Solid)

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Cut
(A - B)

Embed
(A - B) + (A B)

Boolean Common (A B) operation is also provided.

Advanced Modelling
Generation
Guide Curve

Profile

Extrude

Sweep

Profiles

Loft
Extrude

Revolve
Profile

Loft

Profiles

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Advanced Modelling
Modification

Local Prism
(Fuse: Defined Height)

Trim Surfaces

Shell
Fillet

Offset
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Chamfer

Frame Solid Wizard


Civil, Gen

FEA

Frame Model
(General Section)

MCS Format
Generated Solid Geometry

Analysis Model
(3D Prism Mesh)

FrameSolid Wizard automatically generates Solid Geometry & Mesh


by importing Frame Model (*.MCS) from Civil and Gen.
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Graphic Display - Geometry

Wireframe
Shading with Edge

Transparency
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Shading + Transparency

New Paradigm in Advanced Structural Analysis

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Overview

Geometry Modelling

Mesh Generation

Analysis

Post-processing

Mesh Generation

Auto

Solid
Surface
Edge
Planar Area
4-Curve Area
2D 3D
Type

Quadrilateral
Triangle
Combined

Map

Solid
Surface
k-Curve Area
k-Face Volume
4-Node Area

Protrude

Extrude
Revolve
Project
Fill
Sweep
Object

Geometry
Element
Node

Manipulation

Create
Extract
Connection
Change Para.
Smooth
Divide
Check
Quality
Merge
Transform

Various of methods for generating Reinforcements and Interface Elements are provided. (auto & manual)

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Mesh Generation

2D Quadrilateral Mesh

3D Tetrahedral Mesh

3D Hexahedral Mesh
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1D Linear Mesh

Automatic Surface Meshing


Regularity
Uniformity

Boundary
Sensitive

Orientation
Insensitive

Sizing Control
(< 1/2)

Internal
Curve/Point

Loop Mesher

Grid Mesher

Delaunay Mesher

Loop Mesher
(Full Quad)
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Grid Mesher
(Quad+Tria)

Automatic Surface Meshing

FEA provides a number of modelling and meshing functions for non-manifold surface models.

Check Mesh
Non-manifold
Connections

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Non-manifold Edge
Free Edge

Automatic Surface Meshing

FEA provides automatic defining & meshing


function which defines mesh-able domains
from curves (without creating surfaces) and then
generates mesh for each domain.

Automatic defining & meshing function is very


useful for complex 2D models which were originally
modelled in AutoCAD.

Imported DXF Model


(173 Domains)
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Automatically Defined Domains


& Generated Meshes

Automatic Solid Meshing

FEAs Tetra Mesher auto-generates tetrahedral solid mesh with variable sizes in smooth
transition. (200,000 Tetras/min)
FEAs Tetra Mesher is capable of including holes, curves and points that are present in/on solids.

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Mapped Mesh Generation

FEAs Map Mesher generates structured (regular & orthogonal) mesh both on surfaces and in
solids.

k-sided Areas
(Simply-connected)

Pipe Junction

Cargo Carrier

Connection Part
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Mapped Solid Meshing

FEAs Solid Map Mesher generates hexa and/or penta mesh in simple solids by full mapping or
combination (auto+map).

Full Mapping
(3D)

Lug-Pin
Joint
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Pier (Pipe + Reinforcement Steel + Concrete)

Size Control

FEA provides various size control methods and adaptive seeding function based on userspecified mesh size and geometric characteristics.

Smooth Transition
Linear & Symmetric Seeding
h

Coarse

Fine

Coarse

L
Angle Ratio: sin
Deflection Ratio: h/L

Biased Seeding
& Mapped Mesh
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Adaptive Seeding

Mesh Protrusion
Extrude (2D3D)

Fill (Curve2D)

Section

Simulate

Extrude thru Node Sequence (Curve2D)


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Revolve (2D3D)

Mesh Protrusion
Fill (2D3D)

Project (Curve3D)

Top

Bottom

Same Topology

Sweep
(2D3D)
Scaled
Sweep
Guide Curve

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Offset
(2D3D)

Virtual Mesh Transformation


Virtual Transformation (Translation, Rotation, Scaling)
by Mouse Dragging
Transformation
Control Box

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Element Libraries
Category

Elements
1D

Structural

2D

3D

Heat Transfer
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Truss (Gap / Hook)

1st

Total Lagrangian

Beam

1st

Total Lagrangian

Plane Stress (Qaud / Tria)

1st, 2nd

Total Lagrangian

Plane Strain (Quad / Tria)

1st, 2nd

Total Lagrangian

Axisymmetry (Quad / Tria)

1st, 2nd

Total Lagrangian

Plate (Quad / Tria)

1st, 2nd

Total Lagrangian

Shell (Quad / Tria)

1st, 2nd

Total Lagrangian

Brick / Wedge / Tetra

1st, 2nd

Total Lagrangian

Rigid Link

Point

Matrix

3D Point

2D

1st, 2nd

3D (Quad / Tria)

1st, 2nd

Embedded Bar

1st, 2nd

Embedded Grid (Quad / Tria)

1st, 2nd

1D, 2D, 3D, Cooling Pipe, Thermal Link

1st, 2nd

Mass
Spring

Interface

Reinforcement

Remark

General Link

Connection

Nonstructural

Order

Reinforcement Elements

Modelling Method

Embedded Bar (Incompatible Mesh)


Truss (Compatible Mesh) +
Interface (Slip, Friction)

Prism Map-Mesh

Embedded Bar (Incompatible)

Truss + Interface
(Compatible)

Analysis Result

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Check & Quality Assurance

Check & Verify

Free Edges
Free Faces
Manifold Edges
Non-manifold Edges
Check & Align ECS
Check Free Face
(Unconnected Element Face)

Quality Assurance

Aspect Ratio
Skew Angle
Taper (2D)
Warpage (2D)
Jacobian Ratio
Twist
Collapse (Tetra)
Length / Area

Twisted Penta

Collapsed Tetra
(Near Zero Volume)

Mesh Quality Plot


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Graphic Display - Mesh

Shrink

Feature-Edge

Wireframe (Free-Face)
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Shading

Feature-Edge

Flying View

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New Paradigm in Advanced Structural Analysis

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Overview

Geometry Modelling

Mesh Generation

Analysis

Post-processing

Linear Static Analysis


Linear Static Analysis
Multiple Load Cases
Result Combination and Transformation

Offshore Platform / Steel Frame


Composed of Cylindrical Jackets
(Plate + Frame)

Equation Solvers
Direct Solvers
- Multi-frontal Sparse Gaussian Solver (Default)
- Skyline Solver

Iterative Solvers
- Preconditioned Conjugate Gradient
- Generalised Minimal Residual

Net Solution Times (Pentium4 3GHz, 1GB RAM)


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Stress Distribution of Jacket

Eigenvalue Analysis
Modal Analysis
Lanczos Method
Subspace Iteration
Ritz Vector

1st Mode (64.58 Hz)

Linear Buckling Analysis


Critical Buckling Modes
Buckling Modes
Load Combination

2nd Mode (106.05 Hz)

3rd Mode (208.96 Hz)

4th Mode (270.00 Hz)

5th Mode (440.58 Hz)

Simply Supported Stiffened Plate


(Plate + Beam)
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Dynamic Analysis
Transient Response Analysis
Direct Transient Response
Modal Transient Response
Time Forcing Function DB
(54 Earthquake Acceleration Records)
Nonlinear Analysis
Boundary Nonlinear Analysis
(Damper, Viscous Boundary, etc.)

Spectrum Response Analysis


SRSS, CQC, ABS
Design Spectrum DB

Time Forcing Function


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Material Nonlinearity Analysis


Material Models

von Mises
Tresca
Mohr-Coulomb
Drucker-Prager
Rankine
User-Supplied Material

Tendon Anchorage (Solid) - von Mises


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Nonlinear Behaviours
Hardening (Isotropic)
Softening

Iteration Methods

Full Newton-Raphson (Auto Load Step)


Modified Newton-Raphson
Arc-Length Method
Initial Stiffness

Pinched Cylinder (Plate) von Mises


Material & Geometry Nonlinear Analysis

User-Supplied Materials
In FEA, users can use their own defined material models via Fortran-coded library file.
FEAs user-supplied material model
supports nonlinear elastic and elastoplastic behaviours.
User-supplied material can be used
seamlessly with all elements which
Strain
allow material nonlinear behaviours.
Input
Total Stress
Stiffness Matrix
Output
USRMAT.DLL

USM Dialogue

User-defined Parameters Input Dialogue


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<Ex> Nonlinear Elastic Material for Solid Element

Geometry Nonlinearity Analysis


Iteration Methods

Full Newton-Raphson (Auto Load Step)


Modified Newton-Raphson
Arc-Length Method
Initial Stiffness

Ring (Solid) Total Lagrangian


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Interface Nonlinearity Analysis


Interface Models

Coulomb Friction
Discrete Cracking
Crack Dilatancy
Bond-Slip
Combined (Cracking-Shearing-Crushing)

Steel

Interface

Concrete

Deformation (Discontinuity btwn Steel & Concrete)


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Steel-Concrete
Composite Girder

Principal Stress (Virtually Transformed & Clipped View)

Reinforcement Analysis
Reinforcement
Embedded Bar/Grid
(Bonded/Unbonded)
Truss + Interface (Slip/Friction)

2-Span Double-T Type


Prestressed Concrete Girder

Deformation

Stress of Embedded Reinforcement

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Maximum Principal Stress of Concrete


with Deformation

Heat Transfer and Heat of Hydration Analysis


Visco-Elastic Models
Creep-Shrinkage (Design Code)
Temperature-Dependent Material

Parametric Analysis
Multiple Material Sets
Multiple BCs & Heat Sources
Multiple Construction Sequences

Pier Table (Construction Stage) - Temperature


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Heat Transfer
Steady-State & Transient
Conduction, Convection,
Cooling Pipe
Heat Flux
Heat Flow
Temperature Gradient Display

Pier Table (Construction Stage) - Stress

Heat Transfer and Heat of Hydration Analysis

Temperature at Top Plate

Temperature Distribution

Fire in a Subway Structure

Guss Asphalt Pavement


Thermal Stress
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Static Contact Analysis


Lug (90mm)

Double plate (85mm)

Pin (224mm )

Contact Force

Hanger of Arch Bridge (Lug-Pin Joint)

Deformation and Stress Distribution by Contact

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Cracking Analysis
Cracking Models
Total Strain Crack
Smeared
Crack Index

Results
Crack Pattern (Crack Stress/Strain)
Element Status
Cracking: Partially/Fully Open, Closed, Not Yet
Plasticity: Previously Plastic, Elastic, Plastic, Critical
Contact: No Contact, Slip, Stick
Symbols at Gauss Points
Disc Normal: Opening Direction
Disc Color : Magnitude
Line : Shearing Direction

Steel Reinforced Concrete Bracket


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Crack Pattern (Disc Plot)

Fluid Dynamics Analysis


CFD Models

Discretisation Scheme

Turbulence Models
2nd-order (Spatial, Temporal)
(RANS, k-w, q-w)
Boundary Condition
Compressible Solver
Symmetric (Slip)
(Preconditioning)
Far-field
Compatible with incompressible Flow
Wall, etc.
Inviscid Flow
Results
Steady/Unsteady Flow
Pressure
Velocity, Vorticity
Turbulent Kinetic Energy, Viscosity
Aerodynamic Coefficients

Turbulence near Bridge Section


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Fatigue Analysis
Methods and Parameters

S-N Method (Stress-Life)


E-N Method (Strain-Life)
Load / Stress History
Rainflow Counting
Mean Stress Corrections
Stress Concentration Factor
Modifying Factors

Calculation Objects
Boundary Nodes Only (Default)
Nodes of Selected Mesh Sets

Results
Cycles to Failure
Damage

S-N Curves of Fatigue Design Codes

Life Cycle Contour Plot


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Load & B.C.


Loadings

Body Force
Force / Moment
Mass
Displacement
Pressure
Beam Load
Pre-stress
Temperature

Heat Generation
Heat Flux
Time Forcing Function
Time Varying Load
Ground Acceleration
Response Spectrum Function
Constraint based-on CSys.

Boundary Conditions

Constraint
Multi-Point Constraint
Contact Conditions
Convection

Spatially Varying Pressure (Function Applied)


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Arbitrary Loading

FEA provides arbitrary loading function which can be applied to arbitrary locations/areas regardless
of node and/or element connection.

Point Load (1D, 2D, 3D)

Rectangular Pressure
(2D, 3D)

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Edge Load (1D, 2D, 3D)

Circular Pressure
(2D, 3D)

New Paradigm in Advanced Structural Analysis

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Overview

Geometry Modelling

Mesh Generation

Analysis

Post-processing

Post-processing
Complete Support for Visualisation and Interpretation

Flexible User-control on Legends, Colors, Fonts, Magnification, etc.

Multiple Plots, Graphs and Tables in Multiple Windows

Deformed Shape Combined with Undeformed Shape (including Mode Shape)

Local Plots defined by Geometrical Topology or User-selection

Contour Plots and Animations (AVI)

Iso-value Lines (2D) and Surfaces (3D)

Clipping Planes and Slice Lines/Planes

Partitioned Plots

History Plots in Various Graphs and Animations (AVI)

Result Values in MS-Excel compatible Tables

Result Probe and Extraction

Result Extraction for Construction Stage Analysis and Time History Analysis

Screen-shots in WMF, BMP, PNG Picture Formats

State-of-the-art Reports Generated by XML and HTML

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Post-processing

Contour Plot

Works Tree

MS-Excel

Result Table

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Result Graph

Contour Plot Type

Contour
with Mesh

Gradient
Contour

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Contour
with Iso-line

2-Color
Contour

Contour with Mesh


& Iso-line

Gray
Contour

Deformed Shape

Deformed Contour with Original Shape


(Static Analysis)
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Mode Shapes
(Stability Analysis)

Iso-surface Plot

Iso-Surface in Transparent Solid Geometry


Capped Plot (Lower Part)

Base Iso-surface

Capped Plot (Upper Part)


Multiple Iso-surfaces
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Slice Plot

Original Plot
(Solid)

Multiple Slice Planes

Slice Plot at Arbitrary Plane


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Clipping Plot
Original Plot

Clipped Plot
with Feature-Edge

Clipping Plane Definition


by Mouse Dragging

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Clipped Plot with Diagram


on Middle Clipping Plane

Clipping Plot

Original Plot

Multiple Clipping Planes

von Mises stress and deformation of cable


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Mirror Plot
Symmetry Plane

Mirrored Contour Plot


Symmetric Model

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Mirrored Deformed
Shape

Diagram Plot
Solid Type

Section Plot of Frames

Line Type
Diagram Plot with Deformed Shape
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Vector Plot
Vector Plot Option
Head Type
(Both, One, None)
Constant Head Size
Constant Body Size
Color
(Contour, Mono)

Vector Plot
with Deformation
Vector Plot with Contour

Vector Plot with Transparent Geometry


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Result Extraction

MS-Excel compatible Table

Stress

Nonlinear Analysis

Results can be extracted based on:


- Analysis Case
- Analysis Variables
- Step (Nonlinear / Construction Stage Analysis)
- Node / Element (GRC Sys. GCC Sys.)
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Graph (Stress vs. Time step)

On-Curve Diagrams

3D On-Curve Graphs on Contour Plot

Result Data at User-Specified


Sampling Points

Fault Zone

2D On-Curve Graphs on Contour Plot


Front View
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Probe & Result Tag

Sectional Result
with Clipped Plot
(Element Result)

Nodal Result

Probe & Add Result Tags at Specified Nodes/Elements


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Legend Control

In FEA, legend can be controlled for its position, size, format and range (including min/max value)
by mouse dragging.

Drag side to resize


legend box
Drag scale bar to change range

Property Window
(Legend Option)

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Legend Option:
- Colour (Value, Ratio, Description)
- Logo
- Range (including Min/Max/Zero)
- Format (Fixed/Scientific, Width)

Applications

Solid Geometry Modelling


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Auto-generated Tetra Mesh

Post-processing & Result Evaluation

Applications

Woon-Nam Extradosed Bridge Single Pylon

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Mode 1

Mode 2

Mode 8

Mode 9

Applications

Geumga Extradosed Bridge

Anchorage detail
Double Pylon
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Applications
Solid elements Modelling of Hanger Clamp (Bonny River Suspension Br.)
FE Model
Stress Contour

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Applications Fatigue Analysis

Life Cycle
Hyung Jae Grand Bridge

Damage
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Applications Contact Analysis


PL
1.080

PL
397
(397)

DO

H- STIFF
1- PL- 130x10x1168

V- STIFF

PL
268

V- STIFF

V- STIFF

DO

PL
312

DIAP

H- STIFF
1- PL- 130x10x1124

Deformed shapes

Gusset and web plates

Contact faces
Pins
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Stress in contact faces