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Chapter 2 Sketching

Chapter 2
Sketching
2.1

W16x50 Beam

2.2

Triangular Plate

2.3

More Details

2.4

M20x2.5 Threaded Bolt

2.5

Spur Gears

2.6

Microgripper

2.7

Review

Chapter 2 Sketching

Section 2.1 W16x50 Beam

Section 2.1
W16x50 Beam
7.07 "

Problem Description

.380 "

[1] Wide-ange
I-shape section.

[2] Nominal
depth 16 in.

W16x50

16.25"

.628 "

[3] Weight 50
lb/ft.

R.375"

Chapter 2 Sketching

Techniques/Concepts

Section 2.1 W16x50 Beam

Start up DesignModeler
Sketching/Modeling modes
Draw>Rectangle
Draw>Polyline
Dimensions>General
Dimension>Horizontal
Dimensions>Display
Dimensions>Move
Modify>Copy/Paste
Modify>Trim
Modify>Fillet
Constraints>Symmetry
Auto Constraints
Constraint Status
Extrude

Chapter 2 Sketching

Section 2.1 W16x50 Beam

Basic Mouse Operations in Sketching Mode

[6] Middle-click-drag: rotate.


Shift-middle-click-drag: zoom.
Control-middle-click-drag: pan.
[1] Click: add/remove a sketching
entity to/from the selection set.
(ESC to deselect all.)

[5] Scroll-wheel: zoom


in/out.

[4] Right-click-drag:
box zoom.

[2] Click-sweep:
continuous selection.

[3] Right-click: open


context menu.

Chapter 2 Sketching

Section 2.2 Triangular Plate

Section 2.2
Triangular Plate

40 mm

Problem Description

[2] Radii of
the llets
are 10 mm.

[1] The plate


has three
planes of
symmetry.
30 mm
300 mm

Chapter 2 Sketching

Section 2.2 Triangular Plate

Techniques/Concepts

Draw>Arc by Center
Dimensions> Radius
Modify>Replicate
Modify>Offset
Constraints>Equal Length
Weak/Strong Dimensions
Weak/Strong Constraints
Selection Filter
Single/Box Selection

Chapter 2 Sketching

Section 2.2 Triangular Plate

2D Graphics Controls
[3] Pan.

[5] Zoom.

[2] Zoom to Fit.

[4] Box Zoom.

[8] Undo.

[7] Next View.

[6] Previous View.

[9] Redo.

[1] Look At.

Chapter 2 Sketching

Section 2.3

Pull-down Menus and


Toolbars

Mode Tabs
Tree Outline
Sketching Toolboxes
Graphics area
Details View
Status Bar
Separators

Section 2.3 More Details

More Details

Chapter 2 Sketching

Section 2.3 More Details

Sketching Planes

A sketch must be created on a

[1] Currently
active plane.

[2] To create a new


plane, click New
Plane.

sketching plane; each plane may contain


multiple sketches.

In the beginning of a DesignModeler


session, three planes are automatically
created: XYPlane,YZPlane, and
ZXPlane.

[3] Active sketch can be switched


using the pull-down list, or by clicking
in Tree Outline.
[4] There are many ways
of creating new planes.

Chapter 2 Sketching

Section 2.3 More Details

Sketches

A sketch consists of points and edges; edges may be straight lines or curves.
Multiple sketches may be created on a plane.

[2] Currently
active sketch.

[1] To create a new sketch on


the active sketching plane,
click New Sketch.

[3] Active sketching plane can be


switched using the pull-down list, or by
clicking in Tree Outline.

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Chapter 2 Sketching

Section 2.3 More Details

Auto Constraints

- The cursor is coincident with a line.

- The cursor is coincident with another point.

- The cursor is a tangent point.


- The cursor is a perpendicular foot.

- The line is horizontal.

- The line is vertical.

//

- The line is parallel to another line.

- The radius is equal to another radius.


You can turn on/off Auto
Constraints.

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Chapter 2 Sketching

Sketching Toolboxes

Section 2.3 More Details

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Chapter 2 Sketching

Section 2.4 M20x2.5 Threaded Bolt

Section 2.4
M20x2.5 Threaded Bolt
Problem Description
[1] Metric
system.

[2] Nominal
diameter
d = 20 mm.

M20x2.5

[3] Pitch
p = 2.5 mm.

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Chapter 2 Sketching

Section 2.4 M20x2.5 Threaded Bolt


H
H
4

d
d1

p
11 p = 27.5

H
8
p

32

External
threads
(bolt)
Internal
threads
(nut)

H = ( 3 2)p = 2.165 mm
d1 = d (5 8)H 2 =17.294 mm

Minor diameter of internal thread d1

Nominal diameter d

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Chapter 2 Sketching

Techniques/Concepts

Modify>Replicate
Constraints>Fixed
Revolve

Section 2.4 M20x2.5 Threaded Bolt

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Chapter 2 Sketching

Section 2.5
Spur Gears
Problem Description

To satisfy the fundamental law


of gearing, the gear proles
are cut to an involute curve.

Section 2.5 Spur Gears

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Chapter 2 Sketching

Section 2.5 Spur Gears

[1] The driving


gear rotates
clockwise.

[8] Line of action (common


normal of contacting gears).
The pressure angle is 20o.

[2] The driven


gear rotates
counterclockwise.

[3] Pitch circle


rp = 2.5 in.

[4] Pitch circle


of the driving
[6] Contact
point (pitch
point).
[5] Line of
centers.

[7] Common
tangent of the
pitch circles.

[9] Addendum
ra = 2.75 in.
[12] The llet
has a radius of
0.1 in.
[10]
Dedendum
rd = 2.2 in.

[11] The shaft has a


radius of 1.25 in.

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Chapter 2 Sketching

Techniques/Concepts

Draw>Construction Point
Draw>Spline
Modify>Replicate
Constraints>Perpendicular

Section 2.5 Spur Gears

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Chapter 2 Sketching

Section 2.6 Microgripper

Section 2.6
Microgripper
Problem Description
[1] Gripping
direction.

[2] Actuation
direction.

[3] SMA
actuator.

[4] Glass
bead.

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Chapter 2 Sketching

Section 2.6 Microgripper


92
32

D30

Unit: m
212

Thickness: 300 m
R45 R25

144
176
280

480

400

47

87

77

140

20

20

Chapter 2 Sketching

Techniques/Concepts

Constraints>Equal Radius
Copy bodies (Mirror)
Create new sketch
Constraints>Tangent
Multiple parts

Section 2.6 Microgripper

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