Anda di halaman 1dari 7

S-111

Methanol
(S-210)

S-110

FIC

S-106

(S-201)

S-104

S-114

Nitrogen

R-101

S-108

S-112

S-116

  
   T

(S-214)

S-105

S-115

R-102

HX-102

S-107

12

FAN-101
FHR-101
S-109

(S-212)

S-117

(S-320)

S-118

To storage tank

S-103

S-102

Toluene

HX-101

S-101

PUM-101
Figure 8 - Process Section 100, Toluene Methylation

PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM

Dursch, Khalil, Khine, Mutahi

S-113

129.15

124.15

124.15

0.00
.02E+06
0.58

0.00
.37E+06
0.51

1.00
1.00
.47E+06 .35E+08
0.50 0.016099

1.00
.18E+08
0.02

1.00
.32E+08
0.40

1.00
.79E+03
0.02

1.00
.50E+06
0.01

1.00
.54E+07
0.01

36.81

47.26

49.36 19.08448

20.22

92.5488

7.05

7.36

14.23

.00
.00
.00
62.87
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
62.87
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
62.87
.00
.00
.00

209.67
.00
.00
050.89
.00
.00
.00

209.67
.00
.00
050.89
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
67.32
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
67.32
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
48.07
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0
0

.00
.00
73.78
583.45
583.45
131.52
.00
.00
74.04
74.04
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00 2876.11 3166.90 3166.90 3166.90
.00
.00
.00
.00
38.08
114.93
114.93
840.89
.19
.19
.00
.00
6.65
73.73
73.73
47.47
31.02
31.02
.00
.00
.62E-02
.22
.22
.44
.42
.42
.00
.00
.14E-03
.08
.08
.16
.16
.16
ote: recycle quantites of xylene are not propogated forward. See page 11 for explanation.

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
5

1
0

S-118
31.79
6456.06
244.73
5.00
1.17
.00
.94E+06
.00
3.89

S-117
31.79
6456.06
244.73
28.10
1.17
.00
.94E+06
.00
3.89

0
0

0
0
0

S-116
4687.39
.09E+05
.93E+06
25.80
3.00
.00
.96E+08
.01
00.01

S-115
4139.32
.96E+05
.73E+06
06.00
02.00
.00
.23E+08
2.35
15.47

0
0
0

S-114
4139.32
.96E+05
.74E+06
25.80
02.00
.00
.23E+08
5.82
25.87

1
0

S-113
3604.64
.00E+05
.41E+06
16.00
24.15
.00
.01E+07
.01
.61

0
0
0
0

5
8

S-112
74.04
780.71
0173.86
92.00
24.15
.00
.54E+07
.01
4.23

209.72
.00
3.46
488.02
.60E-02
.41E-05
.3E-05

124.15

   

129.15

124.15

392.00

136.26

806.00

136.26

77.00

136.26

837.79

0
1

319.09

S-111
74.04
780.71
0173.86
92.00
24.15
.00
.54E+07
.01
4.23

320.00

303.40

0
5

N
!
P
V
E
D
H

.00
.00
.00
62.87
.00
.00
.00

726.31 31812.39 40347.72

262.53

Dursch, Khalil, Khine, Mutahi

"

13

tream Number
otal Flow (lb-mol/hr)
otal Flow (lb/hr)
otal Flow (cuft/hr)
emperature (F)
ressure (psia)
apor Frac
nthalpy (Btu/lb-mol)
ensity (lb/cuft)
eat capacity (Btu/lb-mol/F)
ole Flow (lbmol/hr)
ater
ethanol
itrogen
oluene
-xylene
-xylene
-xylene

0.58
6.83

1097.35 54730.81 7487.763 6.22E+04 1.01E+06

S-109
S-110
67.32
48.07
8145.76 17561.42

78.82

eat capacity (Btu/lb-mol/F)


ole Flow (lbmol/hr)
ater
ethanol
itrogen
oluene
-xylene
-xylene
-xylene

S-108
67.32
8145.76

.01E+06

Pressure (psia)
Vapor Frac
nthalpy (Btu/hr)
ensity (lb-mol/cuft)

937.43

936.43
77.00
14.70
0.00

Temperature (F)

Total Flow (cuft/hr)


S



able 2 - Stream Summary Information for Process Section 100


tream Number
S-101
S-102
S-103
S-104
S-105
S-106
S-107
otal Flow (lb-mol/hr)
62.87
62.87
62.87
62.87 721.227 0260.55 0260.56
51213.54 51213.54 51213.54 51213.54 433918.5 4.85E+05 4.85E+05
otal Flow (lb/hr)

(S-305)

S-211

(S-105)

S-214

S-210

FIC

(S-116)

S-201

S-203

S-205

TIC

S-202

HX-202

S-206

S-207

S-215

HX-204

HX-203
S-204

To V-301

356 F
HPS

()(&-<;: %+ )%/+.&-,+(* ()('&%$

(S-110)

77 F
CW

14

HX-201

S-213
S-212

Methanol

S-208

(S-317)

S-209

PM-201
Figure 9 - Process Section 200, Heat Integration

PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM

Dursch, Khalil, Khine, Mutahi

To R-101

ABA?IRQL >F B>KFJ?IGFAC ABA@?>=

[
\

e
[

e
e
e

e
e

.00
48.07
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

\
\

.00
48.07
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

S-210
48.07
.76E+04
.03E+04
92.00
24.15
.00
.54E+07
.02
4.27

e
e

S-209
48.07
.76E+04
0173.86
7.00
32.26
.00
.62E+07
.54
4.35

`
\

\
\

[
Z

e
e
e

]
_

\
e

.00
48.07
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

131.52
.00
3166.89
840.89
47.47
.44
.16

S-208
48.07
.76E+04
0173.86
7.00
4.70
.00
.62E+07
.54
4.36185

131.52
.00
3166.89
840.89
47.47
.44
.16

S-207
4687.38
.09E+05
.82E+06
00.01
9.00
.00
.60E+08
.01
3.42

e
e

S-206
4687.38
.09E+05
.76E+06
77.65
6.00
.00
.33E+08
.01
3.97

432.08
.00
0029.22
925.61
17.01
.33
.13

e
e

e
e

]
\

e
e

\
_

]
\

e
e

699.44
.00
137.67
15.29
30.46
.10
.04

^
\

e
e

432.08
.00
0029.22
925.61
17.01
.33
.13

\
e
e

k
o

699.44
.00
137.67
15.29
30.46
.10
.04

S-205
8804.38
.93E+05
.54E+06
48.00
6.00
.79
.02E+08
.01
00.01

^
_

b
\

131.52
.00
3166.90
840.89
47.47
.44
.16

Information for Process Section 200


S-201
S-202
S-203
S-204
4687.39
883.00 8804.38
883.00
.09E+05 .17E+05 .93E+05 .17E+05
.93E+06 .37E+05 .00E+06 .83E+05
25.80
25.80
25.80
10.84
3.00
3.00
3.00
6.00
.00
.84
.84
.76
.96E+08 .44E+07 .02E+08 .44E+07
.01
.01
.01
.01
00.01
00.02
00.01
00.02

U
X
Y
Y

able 3 - Stream Summary


tream Number
otal Flow (lb-mol/hr)
otal Flow (lb/hr)
otal Flow (cuft/hr)
emperature (F)
ressure (psia)
apor Frac
nthalpy (Btu/hr)
ensity (lb-mol/cuft)
eat capacity (Btu/lb-mol/F)
ole Flow (lbmol/hr)
ater
ethanol
itrogen
oluene
-xylene
-xylene
-xylene

]
_

[
\

e
e

131.52
.00
3166.89
840.89
47.47
.44
.16

e
\
^

_
_

209.716
.00
3.46
488.02
.60E-02
.41E-05
.3E-05

S-215
4687.38
.09E+05
.82E+06
04.00
2.00
.00
.29E+08
.02
6.95

_
\

209.716
.00
3.46
488.02
.60E-02
.41E-05
.3E-05

S-214
721.23
.34E+05
487.76
20.00
29.15
.00
5.4E+08
.016099
9.08448

e
e

\
_

\
e
[

_
_

e
e

73.78
.00
2876.11
38.08
6.65
.02
.00

S-213
721.23
.34E+05
487.76
23.15
36.15
.00
7.4E+08
.298282
0.95174

a
\

\
e
`
e

S-212
3604.64
.00E+05
.41E+06
16.00
24.15
.00
.65E+07
.02
.38

a
`

Z
\

73.78
.00
2876.11
38.08
6.65
.02
.00

f
g
h
i

j
k
l
m
n
k
o

S-211
3604.64
.00E+05
.58E+05
25.58
32.26
.00
.65E+07
.02
.75

Dursch, Khalil, Khine, Mutahi

15
tream Number
otal Flow (lb-mol/hr)
otal Flow (lb/hr)
otal Flow (cuft/hr)
emperature (F)
ressure (psia)
apor Frac
nthalpy (Btu/hr)
ensity (lb-mol/cuft)
eat capacity (Btu/lb-mol/F)
ole Flow (lbmol/hr)
ater
ethanol
itrogen
oluene
-xylene
-xylene
-xylene

S-305

(S-215)

S-312

90 F
CW

120 F
S-303

S-307

S-308

HX-301

LC

FIC

S-311

CMP-301

S-310

PUM-302 V-302

S-302

uvusz~} rx vr|x{szyxuw uvutsrq

To Flare

S-304

FIC

FIC

S-309

To waste

S-306

(S-215)

DST-301

S-301

16

PUM-301
V-301
S-313

S-319

FIC

S-318

S-317
S-316

PUM-303

To HX-101

PUM-304

HX-302

356 F
HPS

S-320

S-314

Figure 10 - Process Section 300, P-Xylene Purification

To waste

PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM

Dursch, Khalil, Khine, Mutahi

S-315

To HX-201

.00
.00
.95E-74
.19
31.02
.42
.16

S-320
31.79
6456.06
244.73
28.10
8.17
.00
.94E+06
.00
3.89

.00
.00
7.27
985.67
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.10E-72
.57
803.22
.67
.97

S-310
002.94
5854.00
5174.30
00.00
8.16
.00
.14E+07
.32
3.62

9.72
.00
.21
.05
.73E-02
.81E-03
.77E-07

S-319
817.43
.04E+06
.92E+06
28.10
8.17
.00
.65E+08
.00
3.89

.00
.00
.16E-72
.77
0334.24
.09
.13

209.72
.00
3.46
488.02
.04
.41E-05
.3E-05

S-318
0349.22
.10E+06
4120.29
23.40
8.17
.00
8950400
.43
7.37

S-309
0.00
097.96
5174.30
00.02
8.16
.00
.88E+06
.00
3.97

9.72
.00
0.48
992.72
.73E-02
.81E-03
.77E-07

S-317
721.23
.34E+05
487.76
23.15
36.15
.00
7.4E+08
.30
0.95

9.72
.00
0.48
992.72
.73E-02
.81E-03
.77E-07

S-308
032.94
.23E+05
5174.30
00.02
0.16
.00
.93E+07
.29
3.48

S-307
032.94
.37E+05
5174.30
51.48
7.16
.00
.87E+07
.18
6.26

209.72
.00
3.46
488.02
.04
.41E-05
.3E-05

S-316
721.23
.34E+05
.63E+05
23.15
8.16
.00
7.4E+08
.30
0.95

209.72
.00
5.91
.83
.04
.41E-05
.3E-05

9.72
.00
.08E+01
494.43
31.04
.422466
.160766

21.28
.00
.34
.07
.00
.87E-06
.09E-06

S-315
226.49
.12E+05
841.41
04.00
7.00
.00
7.6E+08
6.95
.38

730.99
.00
7.25
.90
.04
.70E-05
.41E-05

S-314
22.69
435.09
54.58
04.00
7.00
.00
6.4E+07
6.95
.38

73.78
.00
2876.11
38.08
6.65
.62E-02
.14E-03

S-306
056.52
.79E+05
164.41
6.00
7.00
.00
.46E+07
.57
8.32

S-313
749.18
.22E+05
995.99
04.00
7.00
.00
8.2E+08
6.95
.38

.63
.00
62.7778
.90
.34
.30E-04
.44E-05

.00
.00
.54
487.19
.00

S-312
494.73
.22E+05
.46E+02
00.00
8.16
.00
5562700
.32
3.62

81.41
.00
3138.89
44.98
6.99
.65E-02
.22E-03

S-305
3604.64
.00E+05
.58E+05
25.58
32.00
.00
.65E+07
.02
.75

Dursch, Khalil, Khine, Mutahi

81.41
.00
3138.89
44.98
6.99
.65E-02
.22E-03

17

131.52
.00
3166.89
840.89
47.47
.44
.16

tream Number
S-311
otal Flow (lb-mol/hr)
508.21
otal Flow (lb/hr)
.15E+05
otal Flow (cuft/hr)
4228.09
emperature (F)
00.00
ressure (psia)
8.16
apor Frac
.00
nthalpy (Btu/hr)
5875900
ensity (lb-mol/cuft)
.32
eat capacity (Btu/lb-mol/F)
3.62
ole Flow (lbmol/hr)
ater
.00
ethanol
.00
itrogen
.73
oluene
498.48
-xylene
.00
-xylene
-xylene

Information for Process Section 300


S-301
S-302
S-303
S-304
4687.38 3882.29 3882.29
77.65
.09E+05 .09E+05 .09E+05
170.58
.82E+06 .36E+06 .73E+05 5467.56
04.00
6.00
25.58
25.58
2.00
7.00
32.00
32.00
.00
.98
.00
.00
.29E+08 .01E+07 .68E+07 .37E+05
.02
.01
.02
.02
6.95
.58
.75
.75

able 4 - Stream Summary


tream Number
otal Flow (lb-mol/hr)
otal Flow (lb/hr)
otal Flow (cuft/hr)
emperature (F)
ressure (psia)
apor Frac
nthalpy (Btu/hr)
ensity (lb-mol/cuft)
eat capacity (Btu/lb-mol/F)
ole Flow (lbmol/hr)
ater
ethanol
itrogen
oluene
-xylene
-xylene
-xylene

Dursch, Khalil, Khine, Mutahi

Section 100 - Methylation Reactor


Introduction:

The methylation reactor converts toluene to ortho-, meta-, and para-xylene according to
the following vapor-phase chemical reactions:

C7H8 + CH3OH p-C8H10 + H2O

(1a)

C7H8 + CH3OH m-C8H10 + H2O

(1b)

C7H8 + CH3OH o-C8H10 + H2O

(1c)

The above reactions take place at an average temperature of 824F and a pressure ranging from
124 to 100 psig in the first and second reactor, respectively.5 Although the Breen et al. patent
states that the reactor can operate at atmospheric pressure, for this process the operating pressure
is higher to account for an overall pressure drop throughout the process, as well as a few key
economic considerations which are explained on page 69.

The following methanol dehydration reactions are suppressed as a result of the added
water:

2 CH3OH C2H4 + 2 H2O

(2)

2 CH3OH CH3OCH3 + H2O

(3)

to produce 99.9% para-xylene with 0.08% meta-xylene and 0.02% ortho-xylene.5 The reactor
operates exothermically, liberating heat at a rate of 8.60 x 106 Btu/hr (from ASPEN Plus). The
reactor was designed according to Example 7 of US Patent No. 7,321,072 B2 because the stated
operating conditions achieve a para-xylene selectivity of 99.9% and a methanol conversion of

18