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Design of Moment Splice

Ref: AISC Design Guide, Example-II B-1, pg-556; LRFD, Pg, 1789

1) Inputs
A) Beam Column and Plate properties

Beam (same section connected)


Section
Depth
(d)
bf
Width
tw
Web thickness
tf
Flange thickness
Fy
Yield strength
Fu
Ultimate strength

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Value
W18x50
17.99
7.50
0.36
0.57
50.00
65.00

Unit
0.00
in
in
in
in
ksi
ksi

Section Properties
Gross Area
Moment of Inertia
Elastic Section Modulus
Plastic Modulus

A
IXX
SX
ZXX

=
=
=
=

14.70
800.00
88.90
101.00

in2
in4
in3
in3

Plate
length
thickness
Fy
Fu

Lp
tp
Fy
Fu

=
=
=
=

7.00
0.75
36.00
58.00

in
in
ksi
ksi

B) Bolt and Weld

Bolt Type
Bolt dia
Area
Electrode Strength
Tensile strength
Shear Strength

A
FEXX
Ft
Fv

= ASTM-A328-N
=
0.88
=
0.60
=
70.00
=
67.50
=
36.00

Ru
Mu
Pu

=
=
=

42.00
252.00
0.00

Kips
Kip-ft
0.00

s
Lev
Leh

=
=
=

in
in
in

n
nr

=
=
=
=

3.00
1.50
1.50
0.90
4.00
2.00
8.00
4.00

db

in
in2
ksi
ksi
ksi

C) Forces

Ru
Mu
Pu
d) Miscellaneous

Bolt Spacing
Vertical Edge distance
Horizontal edge distance
b
number of bolts in a row
Number of rows
Total number of bolt
gauge distance (row distance)

N
g

nos
nos
nos
in

Ref: Table 8-15


Ref: Table 8-11

br

0.75

2) Design Checks
A)

PASSED

Flexural Strength check of Beam (AISC Specifications F13.1, Pg 120)

Inputs

Beam Fu
Beam Fy
Sx
bf
tf
Hole diameter
Flexure reduction factor
Moment demand

Fu
Fy
SX
bf
tf
dh
b
Mu

=
=
=

Value
65.00
50.00
88.90
7.50
0.57
0.94
0.90
252.00

Unit
ksi
ksi
in3
in
in
inch
Kip-ft

assuming two rows of 0.875 inch diameter bolts in standard holes


Gross flange area
b) Net Flange area
a)

Afg
Afn

=
=

4.27
3.13

in2
in2

Note: To calculate net flange area for tension and shear, bolt dia shall be taken as 1/16 in greater than the
nominal hole dia.

3- Pg-74

Note: Strength should be reduced for members with holes in tension flange.
The Reduction is done as per F13.1

Fy/Fu
Yt
FuAfn
YtFyAfg

=
=
=

0.77
1
204
214

kips
kips

c)

Nominal flexural strength

Mn

Design Flexural Strength


Check Mn> Mu

Mn

=
=
=

4237
353
318

Kip-in
kip-ft
kip-ft

B) Tension Flange plate Connection Check

Bolt dia
Area
Hole dia
bolt spacing
vertical edge distance
Horizontal edge distance
Clear edge length
Clear Spacing

db
A
dh
s
Lev
Leh
lc1
lc2

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

0.88
0.60
0.94
3.00
1.50
1.50
1.03
2.06

in
in2
in
in
in
in
in
in

Plate thickness
Beam flance thickness
Beam Fu
plate Fu
Bolt shear strength
bearing

tp
tf

=
=

Fv

=
=

0.75
0.57
65.00
58.00
36.00
0.75

in
in
ksi
ksi
ksi

PASSED

B.1 Minimum number of bolts required

Calculate the flange force Puf


=
b) Critical Bolt strength
i) shear strength of one bolt rns =
ii) Bolt bearing rnb1 =
iii) Bolt bearing rnb2
iii) Bolt bearing rnbmax
Bolt bearing strength rnb =
Critical bolt strength rn
Minimum
number of bolts nmin
=
c)
a)

168.09

kips

21.65
26.05
68.77
58.35
26.05
21.65
7.77

kips/bolt
kips/bolt
kips/bolt
kips/bolt
kips/bolt
kips/bolt
nos
8

Therefore, required minumum bolt number

Provided bolt numbers=

PASSED

B.2 Flange Plate Tensile Yielding

Plate, Fy
Plate length
Plate thickness
Gross area of plate
Reduction factor
Moment demand
Beam depth

Fy
Lp
tp
Ag

Mu
d

Rn
Design tensile strength
Pufp
b) Tensile force in plate
Design Check (Rn>Pufp)
a)

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

36.00
7.00
0.75
5.25
0.90
252.00
17.99

=
=
=

170.10
161.37
1

ksi
in
in
in2
Kip-ft
in
kips
kips

PASSED

B.3 Flange Plate Tensile Rupture

hole diameter
dh
Plate, Fu
Fu
Reduction factor

Effective
net
area
Ae
a)
Net plate area
An
Gross plate area
Ag
Effective net area
Ae
b) Design tensile rupture stren Rn
Design Check (Rn>Pufp)

=
=
=

0.94
58.00
0.75

in
ksi

=
=
=
=
=

3.75
5.25
3.75
163.13
1

in2
in2
Kips

PASSED

B.4 Flange Plate Block Shear Rupture

Plate thickness
tp
bolt spacing
s
Leh
Leh
Lev
Lev
Plate Fu
Fu
Plate Fy
Fy
Ubs
reduction factor

number of bolts in a row


n
number of bolt column
nr
Ru=Pufp
Ru
gauge (distance between two rows)
g
Case-1
Ant
Net tension area
Anv
Net shear area
Agv
Gross shear area
Tension component
b) Shear Yield component
c) Shear rupture component
a)

d)

Block shear strength-1


Rn1
Design Check (Rn>Pufp)

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

=
=

0.75
3.00
1.50
1.50
58.00
36.00
1
0.75
4.00
2.00
161
4

kips
in

=
=
=
=
=
=

0.75
4.88
7.88
65.25
255.15
254.48

in2
in2
in2
Kips
kips
kips

=
=

319.73
1

kips

Case-3
Net tension area
Ant
=
Net shear area
Anv
=
Gross shear area
Agv
=
a) Tension component (ubs*Fu*Ant) =
=
b) Shear Yield component (*0.6*Fy*Agv)
c) Shear rupture component (*0.6*Fu=
d)

Block shear strength-1


Rn1
Design Check (Rn>Pufp)

=
=

3.0
4.88
7.88
130.50
127.58
127.24
257.74
1

in
in
in
in
ksi
ksi

nos

Kips
kips
kips
kips

PASSED

PASSED

C) Beam Flange Block Shear Rupture Check

In the beam block shear rupture, the case-1 as illustrated


hole diameter
dh
=
0.94
Flange Thickness
tf
=
0.57
bolt spacing
s
=
3.00
Leh
Leh
=
1.50
Lev
Lev
=
1.50
Beam Fu
Fu
=
65.00
Beam Fy
Fy
=
50.00

above governs
in
in
in
in
in
ksi
ksi

Ubs
=
reduction factor( shear, rupture)
number of bolts in a row
nr
=
Ru=Pufp
Ru
=
Case-1
Net tension area
Ant
=
Net shear area
Anv
=
Gross shear area
Ang
=
a) Tension component (ubs*Fu*Ant) =
=
b) Shear Yield component (*0.6*Fy*Agv)
c) Shear rupture component (*0.6*Fu=
d)

Block shear strength-1


Rn1
Design Check (Rn>Pufp)

=
=

1
0.75
4.00
168

nos
kips

0.57
3.85
5.72
55.58
257.30
225.08

in2
in2
in2
Kips
kips
kips

280.65
1

kips

PASSED

D) Compression Flange Plate connection Check

Leh
Compression length
Effective Length factor
Plate length
Plate thickness
Plate moment of inertia
Plate section area
radius of Gyration
Plate Fy
reduction factor
Ru=Pufp
a) KL/r
KL/r < 25
Gross plate area
Pn=Fcr=Fy
Design Check (Pn>Pufp)

Leh
L
K
Lp
tp
I
Ap
r
Fy

Ru

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

1.50
2
0.65
7.00
0.75
0.25
5.25
0.22
36.00
0.90
161
6.00
1

Agp
Pn

=
=
=

5.25
170.1
1

References:
1)

AISC Design Guide-14

2)

LRFD Vol-I

3)

AISC Specifications 360-10, 14th Edition

4)

AISC Steel Construction Manual-13th Edition

in
in L=Leh+setback
Ref: AISC Specification, Table C-A-7.1

in
in
in4
in2
in
ksi
kips

Kips

Spec. Sec. J4.4

6; LRFD, Pg, 1789

eater than the

_=__ (_+1/16 ) _

_=(_/_ _ _ _ _ )

_=0.9_ _

) =_ _ _
) =0.6_ _
) =0.6_ _

Alternatively, For Case 1 tension rupture component can be calculated as below by using AISC Manual, Table9-

a) Tension rupture component, 9-3a, Pg 1108


From Table,=
Tension rupture=

43.5
65.25 Kips

) =

b) Shear Yield component, Table 9-3b, 1109


From Table,=
Shear Yield

170
255 Kips

c) Shear rupture component, 9-3c, Pg 1111


From Table,=
Shear Rupture

183
274.5 Kips

) =

Table value can be used for shear component in all cases but may not be possible to use in all cases
to calculate tension rupture component

cation, Table C-A-7.1

pec. Sec. J4.4

=(/)

below by using AISC Manual, Table9-3a, Pg 1108

not be possible to use in all cases

Design of Shear Splice


Ref: AISC Design Guide, Example-II B-1, pg-556; LRFD, Pg, 1789

1) Inputs
A) Beam Column and Plate properties

Beam 1
Section
Depth
Width
Web thickness
Flange thickness
Yield strength
Ultimate strength

(d)
bf
tw
tf
Fy
Fu

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Section Properties
Gross Area
Moment of Inertia
Elastic Section Modulus
Plastic Modulus

A
IXX
SX
ZXX

=
=
=
=

Plate
Vertical length
thickness
Fy
Fu

Lp
tp
Fy
Fu

=
=
=
=

Beam-1 Beam-2
Value
W24x55 W24x68

0.359

0.415

50.00
65.00

50.00
65.00
in2
in4
in3
in3

12.00
0.38
36.00
58.00

in
in
ksi
ksi

B) Bolt and Weld

Bolt Type
Bolt dia
Area
Electrode Strength
Tensile strength
Shear Strength

A
FEXX
Ft
Fv

= ASTM-A325-N
=
0.875
=
0.60
=
70.00
=
67.50
=
36.00

Ru
Mu
Pu

=
=
=

60.00
0.00
0.00

Kips

s
Lev
Leh

3.00

in

=
=
=

1.50
1.50
1.00
4.00
4.00
5.00

in
in
nos
nos
nos
in
in

db

in
in2
ksi
ksi
ksi

C) Forces

Ru
Mu
Pu
d) Miscellaneous

Bolt Spacing
Vertical Edge distance
Horizontal edge distance
Number of bolt column
number of bolt row
Total number of bolt
gauge distance (row distance)
Eccentricity

nc
nr
N
g
e

=
=
=

2.5

Unit
in
in
in
in
ksi
ksi

br
b
C
Net Plastic section modulus of
the plate

Znet

0.75
0.90
3.07
9.00

in3

0.88
0.60
0.94
3.00
1.50
1.50
1.03
2.06
0.38
58.00
36.00
0.75
3.07

in
in2
in
in
in
in
in
in
in
ksi
ksi

2) Design Checks
A)

Bolt group Capacity

a)

Bolt dia
Area
Hole dia
bolt spacing
vertical edge distance
Horizontal edge distance
Clear edge length
Clear Spacing
Plate thickness
plate Fu
Bolt shear strength
bearing
Coeff. Of eccentricity

db
A
dh
s
Lev
Leh
lc1
lc2
tp
Fu
Fv

Critical Bolt strength

rn

i) Shear strength of one bolt

rns

21.65

kips/bolt

ii) Bearing strength of one bolt

rnb

20.19

kips/bolt

Bolt bearing

rnb1

20.2

Bolt bearing

rnb2

Bolt bearing

rnbmax

Strength of bolt group


Force Demand
d) D/C ratio (Rn>Ru)
c)

=
=
=
=

20.19 kips/bolt

kips/bolt taken conservatively

40.37

kips/bolt

34.26

kips/bolt

Rn
Ru

=
=
=

61.9
60.0
0.97

kips
Kips
1

Ru
Fy
Lp
tp

=
=
=
=
=

60.00
36.00
12.00
0.38
5.00

Kips
ksi
in
in
in

=
=

13.50
0.90

in3

=
=
=

150.00
437.40
0.34

kip-in
kip-in
1

Flexural Yielding of Plate

Shear Demand
Plate, Fy
Plate vertical length
Plate thickness
gauge distance
Plastic Modulus of plate
Reduction factor
Required flexural strength
b) Flexural yield strength
c) D/C ratio (Mn>Mu)
a)

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Flexural Rupture of Plate

g
ZX
b
Mu
Mn

Plate, Fu
Net plastic section modulus
Reduction factor
Flexural rupture strength
b) Required flexural strength
c) D/C ratio (Mn>Mu)
a)

d)

Mn
Mu

=
=
=

58.00
9.00
0.75

=
=
=

391.50
150.00
0.38

0.38
12.00
36.00
1

ksi
in3

kip-in

kip-in
1

Shear Yielding of Plate

Plate thickness
Plate length
Plate Fy
reduction factor
Gross shear area
a) Shear Yield strength
b) Required strength
c) D/C ratio (Rn>Ru)
e)

Fu
Znet

tp
Lp
Fy

Agv
Rn
Ru

in
ksi

=
=
=
=

4.50
97.20
60.00
0.62

in2
Kips
Kips
1

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

0.38
12.00
0.88
0.9375
4.00
58.00
0.75

in3
in
in
in
nos
ksi

=
=
=
=
=

8.00
3.00
78.30
60.00
0.77

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

0.875
0.94
0.38
12.00
3.00
1.50
1.50
36.00
58.00
1
0.75

Shear Rupture of Plate

Plate thickness
Plate length
Bolt diameter
Hole diameter
number of bolts
Plate Fu
reduction factor
Effective length
Gross shear area
a) Shear rupture strength
b) Required strength
c) D/C ratio (Rn>Ru)

tp
Lp
db
dh
N
Fu

Le
Anv
Rn
Ru

in2
Kips
Kips
1

C) Beam Flange Block Shear Rupture Check

Bolt diameter
db
Hole diameter
dh
Plate thickness
tp
Plate length
Lp
bolt spacing
s
Leh
Leh
Lev
Lev
Plate Fy
Fy
Plate Fu
Fu
Ubs
reduction factor( shear, rupture)

in
in
in
in
in
in
in
ksi
ksi

number of rows
dg+1/16
Lnt
Lgv
Lnv
UBS

nr

=
=
=
=
=

4.00
1.00
1.00
10.50
6.50
1.00

nos
in
in
in
in

Net tension area


Net shear area
Gross shear area
a) Tension rupture component
b) Shear Yield component
c) Shear rupture component

Ant
Anv
Agv

=
=
=
=
=
=

0.38
2.44
3.94
16.31
63.79
63.62

in2
in2
in2
Kips
kips
kips

Block Shear strength


Demand force
Design Check (Rn>Ru)

Rn
Ru

=
=
=

79.93
60

kips
Kips
1

d)
e)

References:
1)

AISC Design Guide-14

2)

LRFD Vol-I

3)

AISC Specifications 360-10, 14th Edition

4)

AISC Steel Construction Manual-13th Edition

0.75

556; LRFD, Pg, 1789

Ref: Table 8-15


Ref: Table 8-11

Calculation of Coefficient of Eccentricity


Eccentricity
C

e1

e2

ex

2.5

3.32

2.81

3.07

AISC Manual-Table152, Pg 1411

PASSED

_=_

ken conservatively

_=_
PASSED

_=(_ _ ^2)/4
_=(_ )/2
_=0.9_ _

PASSED

_=0.75_ _

PASSED

_=_ _
(_)=0.6_ _

PASSED

_=_+1/16
_=_(_+1/16)
_=_ _
(_)=0.6_ _

PASSED

) =_ _ _
) =0.6_ _
) =0.6_ _

Check shear rupture


May be wrong in calcu

heck shear rupture


May be wrong in calculating Anv

SN
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Reference for
Criteria for reduction in effective area reduction due to bolt holes in plates, web or flanges
Design Tensile strength of one bolt
Design Shear Strength of one Bolt
Bearing strength calculation flow charts
anchor rod hole diameter
Nominal hole dimensions
Coefficient C for eccentrically loaded bolt group

Page
1257
1254
from exceel sheet for Connection design
16.1-415, AISC 14
6-82, LRFD 99
AISC Manual Table 7-7

Design of Shear Splice


Ref: AISC Design Guide, Example-II B-1, pg-556; LRFD, Pg, 1789

1) Inputs
A) Beam Column and Plate properties

Beam 1
Section
Depth
Width
Web thickness
Flange thickness
Yield strength
Ultimate strength

(d)
bf
tw
tf
Fy
Fu

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Section Properties
Gross Area
Moment of Inertia
Elastic Section Modulus
Plastic Modulus

A
IXX
SX
ZXX

=
=
=
=

Plate
Vertical length
Horizontal length
thickness
Fy
Fu

a
b
tp
Fy
Fu

=
=
=
=

Beam-1 Beam-2
Value
W24x55 W24x68

0.359

0.415

50.00
65.00

50.00
65.00
in2
in4
in3
in3

20.00
15.25
0.38
36.00
58.00

in
in
in
ksi
ksi

B) Bolt and Weld

Bolt Type
Bolt dia
Area
Electrode Strength
Tensile strength
Shear Strength

A
FEXX
Ft
Fv

= ASTM-A325-N
=
0.750
=
0.44
=
70.00
=
67.50
=
36.00

Ru
Mu
Pu

=
=
=

36.00
0.00
0.00

Kips

s
Lev
Leh

=
=
=
=

3.00
2.50
2.25
2.00
6.00
12.00
5.50

in
in
in
nos
nos
nos
in

db

in
in2
ksi
ksi
ksi

C) Forces

Pu
Mu
Vu
d) Miscellaneous

Bolt Spacing
Vertical Edge distance
Horizontal edge distance
Number of bolt column
number of bolt row
Total number of bolt
gauge distance (row distance)

nc
nr
N
g

=
=

Unit
in
in
in
in
ksi
ksi

Load point from bolt edge


Eccentricity
br
b
C
Net Plastic section modulus of
the plate

=
=
=

Znet

9.25

12

in
in

0.75
0.90
4.19
21.50

in3

0.75
0.44
0.81
3.00
2.50
2.25
2.09
2.19
0.38
58.00
36.00
0.75
4.19

in
in2
in
in
in
in
in
in
in
ksi
ksi

2) Design Checks
A)

Bolt group Capacity

a)

Bolt dia
Area
Hole dia
bolt spacing
vertical edge distance
Horizontal edge distance
Clear edge length
Clear Spacing
Plate thickness
plate Fu
Bolt shear strength
bearing
Coeff. Of eccentricity

db
A
dh
s
Lev
Leh
lc1
lc2
tp
Fu
Fv

Critical Bolt strength

rn

i) Shear strength of one bolt

rns

15.90

kips/bolt

ii) Bearing strength of one bolt

rnb

29.36

kips/bolt

Bolt bearing

rnb1

41.0

Bolt bearing

rnb2

Bolt bearing

rnbmax

Strength of bolt group


Force Demand
d) D/C ratio (Rn>Ru)
c)

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

15.90 kips/bolt

kips/bolt taken conservatively

42.82

kips/bolt

29.36

kips/bolt

Rn
Ru

=
=
=

66.6
36.0
0.54

kips
Kips
1

Ru
Fy
Lp
tp

=
=
=
=
=
=

36.00
36.00
20.00
0.38
12.00
9.25

Kips
ksi
in
in
in

=
=

37.50
0.90

in3

=
=

333.00
1215.00

kip-in
kip-in

Flexural Yielding of Plate on line K

Shear Demand
Plate, Fy
Plate vertical length
Plate thickness
Eccentricity
Load to bolt distance
Plastic Modulus of plate
Reduction factor
Required flexural strength
b) Flexural yield strength
a)

e
e1
ZX
b
Mu
Mn

c)
C

D/C ratio (Mn>Mu)

Flexural rupture strength


b) Required flexural strength
c) D/C ratio (Mn>Mu)
a)

tan
Theta
b'
Pu
reduction factor
b)
a)
c)

Fu
Znet

Mn
Mu

tp
Lp
Fy
a
b

b'
Pu

Required strength, Vr
Vu
Nominal Shear Yield strength Vn
Design Shear yield strength Vn
D/C ratio (Rn>Ru)

=
=
=

58.00
21.50
0.75

ksi
in3

=
=
=

935.25
333.00
0.36

kip-in

kip-in
1

=
=
=
=

0.38
20.00
36.00
20 in
15.25 in

in
ksi

=
=
=
=

0.96
37.30
12.12
36.00
1

=
=

21.82
98.17
98.17
0.22

Kips
Kips

0.38
20.00
36.00
7.50
1

1.00

degree
in
kips

Shear Yielding of Bracket Plate on line K

Plate thickness
Plate length
Plate Fy
Gross shear area
reduction factor
b)
a)
c)
f)

Shear Yielding of Plate on line J

Plate thickness
Plate length
Plate Fy
Vertical length
Horizontal length

e)

0.27

Flexural Rupture of Plate on line K

Plate, Fu
Net plastic section modulus
Reduction factor

d)

Required strength
Shear Yield strength
D/C ratio (Rn>Ru)

tp
Lp
Fy
Agv

Ru
Rn

=
=
=

kip-in
in2

=
=
=

36.00
162.00
0.22

Kips
Kips
1

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

0.38
20.00
0.75
0.8125
12.00
58.00
0.75

in3
in
in
in
nos
ksi

Shear Rupture ofbracket Plate on Line K

Plate thickness
Plate length
Bolt diameter
Hole diameter
number of bolts
Plate Fu
reduction factor

tp
Lp
db
dh
N
Fu

Effective length
Gross shear area
a) Shear rupture strength
b) Required strength
c) D/C ratio (Rn>Ru)

Le
Anv
Rn
Ru

=
=
=
=
=

10.20
3.82
99.82
36.00
0.36

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

=
=
=
=

0.750
0.81
0.38
20.00
3.00
2.25
2.50
36.00
58.00
1
0.75
6.00
0.88
1.81
17.50
12.25
1.00

in2
Kips
Kips
1

C) Beam Flange Block Shear Rupture Check

Bolt diameter
db
Hole diameter
dh
Plate thickness
tp
Plate length
Lp
bolt spacing
s
Leh
Leh
Lev
Lev
Plate Fy
Fy
Plate Fu
Fu
Ubs
reduction factor( shear, rupture)
number of rows
nr
dg+1/16
Lnt
Lgv
Lnv
UBS

in
in
in
in
in
in
in
ksi
ksi

nos
in
in
in
in

Net tension area


Net shear area
Gross shear area
a) Tension rupture component
b) Shear Yield component
c) Shear rupture component

Ant
Anv
Agv

=
=
=
=
=
=

0.68
4.59
6.56
29.57
106.31
119.90

in2
in2
in2
Kips
kips
kips

Block Shear strength


Demand force
Design Check (Rn>Ru)

Rn
Ru

=
=
=

135.88
36

kips
Kips
1

d)
e)

References:
1)

AISC Design Guide-14

2)

LRFD Vol-I

3)

AISC Specifications 360-10, 14th Edition

4)

AISC Steel Construction Manual-13th Edition

0.26

556; LRFD, Pg, 1789

Ref: Table 8-15


Ref: Table 8-11

Calculation of Coefficient of Eccentricity


Eccentricity
C

e1
12

e2
3

ex
12

3.32

2.81

2.81

AISC Manual-Table152, Pg 1411

PASSED

_=_

ken conservatively

_=_
PASSED

_=(_ _ ^2)/4

_=(_ )/2
_=0.9_ _

_=0.9_ _
PASSED

_=0.75_ _

PASSED

(_)=0.6_ ^

PASSED

_=_ _
(_)=0.6_ _

PASSED

_=_+1/16
_=_(_+1/16)

_=_ _
(_)=0.6_ _

PASSED

) =_ _ _
) =0.6_ _
) =0.6_ _

Check shear rupture


May be wrong in calcu

heck shear rupture


May be wrong in calculating Anv