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Belicia Choong (7)

, Geographv

1. Country X is the world's most populated country. ln L995, there were


l.2billion people. The government, encourage the people to have more
children as more people meant more power. ln the first baby boom, more than
20 million babies were born every year from 1950-1957. The second baby
boom occurred between 1966 and 1976 when some 25 million babies were
born each year. This resulted in high birth rates. Country X, which stood at an
e :t\vr{
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estimated 540 million in 1949, rose to 852 million in I976. \V*ef

QlA.Give 4 reasons why the massive pop. i6n must


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QlB. Suggest measures to reduce high birth rate.{3}

QlC. Conclude what Country X's population will be 30 years from now(20L0).
t2) -t/"-
Belicia Choong (7)

Answers
q2A(i). Define natural decrease .{Ll 0
,/t-'=-=-
Natural decrease occurs when the death rate exceeds the birth rate.

QzA(ii). Define natural increase.{l

It is the naturalgrowth in pg tion resutting from $r$r$r;fst[l\"t?


deaths.

Q2B.describe the population pyramid in fig.1 and fig.2{ }

Fig 1 is a beehive shape {1} with a narrow top and base {0.5}, an ioad
centre {0.5}.Fig 2 is almost rectangular in shape {1}, withbydad top and a
slightly narrower base {0.5}, and a broad centre {0.5}.

QzC. Describe 3 differences between Fig l and FiC 2. {3}


Singapore has a larger total population in 2050 . {tt---'.
Singapore has a smaller elderly population in 2020 .tII-'-'
Singapore has a smaller youthful population in 2020 tt- ,

Q2D.5tatewhatthegovernmentcando,""$$5oCJ}.ttl.
P:ry) r,<^rt\n "0''*5 \oPutc"{l,o'Q
lncrease retirement ad increase taxes to subsidise the elderly; im
saving schemes i.e. CPF/Medisave; attract women to join the labciur force
(reduce dependency ratio); attract foreign workers i.e. China, Thailand, lndia;
create more elderly-friendly jobs i.e. work from home. [Any 4, 1m each] ,,
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Belicia Choong (7)

2. Singapore Population Pyramid for 2O2O

Predicted age and sex distribution for the year 2020:


Fig. 1

Singapore; 2020

400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 0 50 100


Population (in thousands)
: U,5. Census Bureau, International Oata Base.

Singapore Population Pyramid for 2050

Predicted age and sex distribution for the year 2050:

Fig.2

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lE_fo

61-Frg
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
JJ-J'
30-34
20-e4
15-19
10-14
5-9
Lr-q
500 400 300 200 10000100200
Fopulation ( in thousands)
: U.5. Censu$ BurBfru" Intennational Data Base.
Belicia Choong (7)

Answers

QlA. Give 3 reasons why the massive population must be,curbed.{ }


Cq
rh e hu ge po p u at i o n g rea t ry
I stdsL'Sih rl,l,,tff$,T); 5 ffiHarca re,
transport, housing, education and employment. lt causes congestion in the
urban centres as more rural people move into towns and cities to seek rryK1(^
puts great pressure on the already intensively farmed areas and-cancels outtttlq
-
major improvemqs in food supplies and industrial output. lt is essentialto
staUitidin-Fpopulation in ratio to the country's resourcgs-Kit is limited. [any
) 1*
3, l-m each
^^^l^ or ^+L^- .,^l:J
^^., other ,/
^- any valid answers]
^--..,^-^l

Q1B'Suggest measures to reduce high birth rff;',flu^


bvrt_ drrrc\ po\icy
lncentives to have only one child iyMe ron.iritir.*rldr, priority houosing {
and access to health-care servicc6..l;ingle child is also given priority in
education and later, employm er>(Contraceptives are given free. Family
planning officials provide advice on family planning and birth control. [any 3,
1m each or any other valid ansl
-/
QlC. Conclude what Country X's population will be 30 years from now(2010).
,/ {2}
\
fhe population in country X will be moderated but will still be overpopulated
\
I with more elderly to middle-aged citizens and few youths.
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Belicia Choong (7)

Geographv

QzA(i). Define natural decrease .OrX

Q2A(ii). Define natural increase. l\ ----


at'

Q2B.describe the population pyramid in fig.1 and fig.2{4}

q2C. Describe 3 differences between Fig 1 and Fie 2. {3}

Q2D. State what the government can do to overcome the


population in fig.2 {4}