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# Office Use Only

## Semester One 2014

Examination Period
Faculty of Engineering
EXAM CODES:

MEC3453

TITLE OF PAPER:

Dynamics II

EXAM DURATION:

10 minutes

## THIS PAPER IS FOR STUDENTS STUDYING AT: (tick where applicable)

 Berwick
Learning
 Caulfield
 Pharmacy

 Clayton

 Malaysia

 Gippsland
 Peninsula
 Other (specify)

##  Off Campus Learning

 Open

 Enhancement Studies

 Sth Africa

During an exam, you must not have in your possession, a book, notes, paper, electronic device/s,
calculator, pencil case, mobile phone or other material/item which has not been authorised for the
exam or specifically permitted as noted below. Any material or item on your desk, chair or person
will be deemed to be in your possession. You are reminded that possession of unauthorised materials,
or attempting to cheat or cheating in an exam is a discipline offence under Monash Statute 4.1.
No exam paper or other exam materials are to be removed from the room.
AUTHORISED MATERIALS
 YES

OPEN BOOK

 NO

CALCULATORS
 YES
 NO
(only calculators with an approved for use Faculty of Engineering or Faculty of Science
sticker are permitted)
SPECIFICALLY PERMITTED ITEMS
 YES
if yes, items permitted are:
2-sided A4 sheet of paper with written and/or typed notes

 NO

Candidates must complete this section if required to write answers within this paper

STUDENT ID

__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __

DESK NUMBER

__ __ __ __

1

## Q1. A 4 kg rectangular plate in Figure Q1 is held at O by a robotic manipulator. Point O is stationary.

At the instant shown, the plate is horizontal, its angular velocity is
angular acceleration is

(8 marks)

(4 marks)

## (c) Calculate the moment about O.

(8 marks)

Figure Q1

Q2

Figure Q2
(a) For simple fluid structure experiments, the structure is modelled using a simple linear
oscillator model as shown above. The spring rate is measured at k=2,000Nm. However, the
mass and damping cannot be directly measured as there are numerous uncertainties. The
mass component includes the mass of the model structure together with the inertia effect
from the fluid that travels with the structure (added mass) and the supporting elements. The
damping is a combined effect of the damper and other sources of friction from the support
and fluid drag.
To overcome this, a simple experiment is conducted in the absence of any forcing or fluid
excitation. The structure is initially displaced from its equilibrium and the displacement time
history is measured at a high sampling rate. The time history plot is shown above and a
summary of the positive inflection points is tabulated below.
Time, s
0.4034
0.8068
1.2103
1.6137

(i)
(ii)
(iii)

Y, cm
0.4388
0.1925
0.0844
0.0371
Determine the damping ratio.
(3 marks)
Determine the damped natural frequency and the undamped natural frequency in
(2 marks)
What is the effective mass of the system?
(2 marks)

(b) The experimental structure discussed above is now subjected to base excitation which
models earthquake.
(i)
Determine the steady state amplitude response of the system when the base is
excited with a frequency of 16 rad/s and amplitude of 0.1m.
(3 marks)
The amplitude response found earlier was deemed to be too excessive and a reduction in
amplitude of 80% is required. Engineer Carl suggested that the easiest way to achieve this is
to add more mass to the system. However, Engineer Bob believes that the damping ratio will
reduce when more mass is added and therefore adding mass would not reduce the
amplitude response.
(ii)
(iii)

Would the damping ratio reduce when the mass of the system is increased?
(2 marks)
Explain if it is possible to reduce the amplitude response of the system by increasing
the mass of the system? If so, how much mass needs to be added to reduce the
amplitude response by 80%.
(4 marks)

## Q3 A 40 kg machinery is mounted on a beam shown in Figure Q2. The magnitude of forcing Fo is

found to be 1120 N. The beam has been specially treated to add viscous damping. As the speed of
the machine is varied, it is noted that its maximum steady-state amplitude is 20.3 mm.

Figure Q2
a. Given the bending beam stiffness is

## , develop an appropriate spring-mass-damper

model for the machinery-fan arrangement. State clearly the values of spring stiffness,
damping ratio and the mass used in this model.
(2 marks)
Show that the damping ratio of the system is 0.0613.

(10 marks)

b. If the fan is expected to operate at 1000 rpm, what is the expected amplitude of vibration?
Use the damping ratio given above.
(5 marks)
c. It was later discovered that the measured forcing imposed by the fan is as follows:

## Calculate the expected amplitude of vibration as a function of time. (7 marks)

Q4

Figure Q4
The schematic above shows a simple system with two degrees of freedom. The system consist of
two identical mass,
and two identical springs,
. A weaker
and a damper with a damping coefficient c of 2,400Ns/m2 are placed

spring

## between the two masses. The forcing amplitude is

(a) Determine the equation of motion and write down the equation in matrix form as shown
below.
(4 Marks)

multiplied by

## , the resulting equation is shown below.

and

respectively. Determine

## and the entire equation

and

are defined as
,

and .

(3 Marks)

(c) Determine the eigenvalues and eigenvector for matrix . Normalize the eigenvectors to form
the matrix .
(4 marks)
(d) When is transformed to using the relationship
and the entire equation multiplied
by the transpose of the normalized eigenvector matrix , the resulting equation is shown
below. Determine

and

(4 marks)

(e) The system should be decoupled into independent modal equations. Determine the steady
state solution to the modal equations.
(3 marks)
(f) Transform the modal solutions back to real space using
amplitude and phase angle of .

## and determine the total

(4 marks)
6

(g) If the damper is removed from the system, do you expect the amplitude of
decrease or stay the same. Explain your reasoning.

.to increase,
(4marks).

Q5
(a)

A transmission line of length 15 m has a linear density of 5 kg/m. What is the required tension
to ensure that the transmission line lowest natural frequency for transverse vibration is 100
rad/sec? You may assume that the line is simply supported.
(2 marks for boundary conditions)
(4 marks for the frequency equation)
(3 marks for the tension calculation)

(b)

Derive the frequency equation for the longitudinal vibration of the beam shown in Figure Q4.
(4 marks for boundary conditions)
(2 marks for the frequency equation)

Figure Q4