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Safety Data Sheet

According to EC Directive 91/155/EEC


Date of issue:
Supersedes edition of

1.

24.08.2004
26.03.2004

Identification of the substance/preparation and of the company/undertaking


Identification of the product
Catalogue No.:

100034

Product name:

1,1,2,2-Tetrabromoethane

Use of the substance/preparation


Chemical for synthesis

Company/undertaking identification

2.

Company:

Merck KGaA * 64271 Darmstadt * Germany * Phone: +49 6151 72-0

Emergency telephone No.:

Please contact the regional Merck representation


in your country.

Composition/information on ingredients
Synonyms
TBE
CAS-No.:
M:
Formula Hill:
Chemical formula:

3.

79-27-6
345.67 g/mol
C2H2Br4
Br2CHCHBr2

EC-Index-No.:
EC-No.:

602-016-00-9
201-191-5

Hazards identification
Very toxic by inhalation. Irritating to eyes. Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term
adverse effects in the aquatic environment.

4.

First aid measures


First-aid personnel: ensure self-protection!
After inhalation: fresh air. If necessary, apply mechanical ventilation. Immediately call
in physician.
After skin contact: wash off with plenty of water. Remove contaminated clothing.
After eye contact: rinse out with plenty of water with the eyelid held wide open. Call in
ophtalmologist.
After swallowing: if victim is still conscious, make him drink plenty of water, induce
vomiting, administer activated charcoal (20 - 40 g in 10% slurry). Immediately call in physician.

The Safety Data Sheets for catalog items are also available at www.chemdat.info

Page 1 of 6

Merck Safety Data Sheet


According to EC Directive 91/155/EEC
Catalogue No.:
Product name:

5.

100034
1,1,2,2-Tetrabromoethane

Fire-fighting measures
Suitable extinguishing media:
powder, foam.
Special risks:
Practically non-combustible. Development of hazardous combustion gases or vapours possible in the
event of fire. The following may develop in event of fire: hydrogen bromide.
Special protective equipment for fire fighting:
Do not stay in dangerous zone without self-contained breathing apparatus. In order to
avoid contact with skin, keep a safety distance and wear suitable protective clothing.
Other information:
Contain escaping vapours with water. Prevent fire-fighting water from entering surface water or
groundwater.

6.

Accidental release measures


Person-related precautionary measures:
Avoid substance contact. Do not inhale vapours/aerosols. Ensure supply of fresh air in enclosed
rooms.
Environmental-protection measures:
Do not allow to enter sewerage system.
Procedures for cleaning / absorption:
Take up with liquid-absorbent material (e.g. Chemizorb ). Forward for disposal. Clean up affected
area.

7.

Handling and storage


Handling:
Notes for safe handling:
Work under hood . Do not inhale substance. Avoid generation of vapours/aerosols.

Storage:
Tightly closed in a well-ventilated place. Accesible only for authorised persons. At +15C
to +25C.

8.

Exposure controls/personal protection


Personal protective equipment:
Protective clothing should be selected specifically for the working place, depending on
concentration and quantity of the hazardous substances handled. The resistance of the
protective clothing to chemicals should be ascertained with the respective supplier.
Respiratory protection:

required when vapours/aerosols are generated. Filter A (acc. to DIN


3181) for vapours of organic compounds.

Eye protection:

required

The Safety Data Sheets for catalog items are also available at www.chemdat.info

Page 2 of 6

Merck Safety Data Sheet


According to EC Directive 91/155/EEC
Catalogue No.:
Product name:

100034
1,1,2,2-Tetrabromoethane

Hand protection:

In full contact:
viton
0.70 mm
> 480 Min.

Glove material:
Layer thickness:
Breakthrough time:

In splash contact:
butyl rubber
0.7 mm
> 30 Min.

Glove material:
Layer thickness:
Breakthrough time:

The protective gloves to be used must comply with the specifications


of EC directive 89/686/EEC and the resultant standard EN374, for
example KCL 890 Vitoject (full contact), 898 Butoject (splash
contact). The breakthrough times stated above were determined by
KCL in laboratory tests acc. to EN374 with samples of the recommended
glove types.
This recommendation applies only to the product stated in the safety
data sheet and supplied by us as well as to the purpose specified by
us. When dissolving in or mixing with other substances and under
conditions deviating from those stated in EN374 please contact the
supplier of CE-approved gloves (e.g. KCL GmbH, D-36124 Eichenzell,
Internet: www.kcl.de).
Industrial hygiene:
Immediately change contaminated clothing. Apply skin- protective barrier cream. Wash hands and face
after working with substance. Under no circumstances eat or drink at workplace. Work under hood . Do
not inhale substance.

9.

Physical and chemical properties


Form:
Colour:
Odour:
pH value
Melting point
Boiling point
Ignition temperature
Flash point
Explosion limits

liquid
yellowish
sweetish, pungent
not available
(1013 hPa)

244

335

not available
lower

not available

upper

Vapour pressure
Relative vapour density
Density
Solubility in
water
ethanol
Thermal decomposition
log Pow:
Bioconcentration factor

not available
(20 C)

0.1
11.9

hPa

(20 C)

2.96

g/cm3

(20 C)
(20 C)

0.63
soluble

g/l

> 239

280
0.5-7.0

The Safety Data Sheets for catalog items are also available at www.chemdat.info

Page 3 of 6

Merck Safety Data Sheet


According to EC Directive 91/155/EEC
Catalogue No.:
Product name:

100034
1,1,2,2-Tetrabromoethane

10. Stability and reactivity


Conditions to be avoided
Heating. (Release of: hydrogen bromide).

Substances to be avoided
Violent reactions possible with: / Risk of explosion with: alkali metals, alkaline earth metals,
metals in powder form, sodium amide.

Hazardous decomposition products


in the event of fire: See chapter 5.

Further information
heat-sensitive; light-sensitive;
incompatible with various metals (iron, zinc, light metals), various plastics, rubber.

11. Toxicological information


Acute toxicity
LC50 (inhalation, rat): 549 mg/m3 /4 h.
LD50 (dermal, rat): 5250 mg/kg.
LD50 (oral, rat): 1200 mg/kg.
Specific symptoms in animal studies:
Eye irritation test (rabbit): Slight irritations.
Skin irritation test (rabbit): Irritations.
The literature data available to us do not conform with the labelling prescribed by the
EC. The EC has dossiers which have not been published.

Subacute to chronic toxicity


Bacterial mutagenicity: Ames test: positive.

Further toxicological information


After inhalation: Irritations of the mucous membranes, coughing, and dyspnoea.
After skin contact: Slight irritations. Danger of skin absorption.
After eye contact: Irritations.
After swallowing: irritations of mucous membranes in the mouth, pharynx, oesophagus and
gastrointestinal tract.
Systemic effects: Nausea, vomiting, headache.
After absorption of toxic quantities: narcosis, coma, respiratory paralysis.
Damage of: liver, kidneys.

Further data
The product should be handled with the care usual when dealing with chemicals.

The Safety Data Sheets for catalog items are also available at www.chemdat.info

Page 4 of 6

Merck Safety Data Sheet


According to EC Directive 91/155/EEC
Catalogue No.:
Product name:

100034
1,1,2,2-Tetrabromoethane

12. Ecological information


Biologic degradation:
Biodegradation: 29 % /14 d.
Biologically not readily degradable.
Behavior in environmental compartments:
Distribution: log p(o/w): 280.
An appreciable bioaccumulation potential is to be expected (log P(o/w) >3).
Ecotoxic effects:
Biological effects:
Harmfull effect on aquatic organisms. May cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
Fish toxicity:. O.latipes LC50: 19 mg/l /48 h
Further ecologic data:
Do not allow to enter waters, waste water, or soil!

13. Disposal considerations


Product:
Chemicals must be disposed of in compliance with the respective national regulations. Under
www.retrologistik.de you will find country- and substance-specific information as well as
contact partners.

Packaging:
Merck product packaging must be disposed of in compliance with the country-specific regulations
or must be passed to a packaging return system. Under www.retrologistik.de you will find special
information on the respective national conditions as well as contact partners.

14. Transport information


Road & Rail ADR, RID
UN 2504 TETRABROMETHAN, 6.1, III
Inland waterway ADN, ADNR not tested
Sea IMDG-Code
UN 2504 TETRABROMOETHANE, 6.1, III, Marine Pollutant: P
Ems
F-A S-A
Air CAO, PAX
TETRABROMOETHANE, 6.1, UN 2504, III
The transport regulations are cited according to international regulations and in the form
applicable in Germany . Possible national deviations in other countries are not considered.

The Safety Data Sheets for catalog items are also available at www.chemdat.info

Page 5 of 6

Merck Safety Data Sheet


According to EC Directive 91/155/EEC
Catalogue No.:
Product name:

100034
1,1,2,2-Tetrabromoethane

15. Regulatory information


Labelling according to EC Directives
Symbol:
R-phrases:

T+

Very toxic

26-36-52/53

S-phrases:

24-27-45-61

Very toxic by inhalation. Irritating to eyes.


Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term
adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
Avoid contact with skin. Take off immediately all
contaminated clothing. In case of accident or if
you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately
(show the label where possible). Avoid release to
the environment. Refer to special
instructions/Safety data sheets.

EC-No.:

201-191-5

EC label

Reduced labelling (1999/45/EC,Art.10,4)


Symbol:
R-phrases:

T+

Very toxic

26-52/53

S-phrases:

45

Very toxic by inhalation. Harmful to aquatic


organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in
the aquatic environment.
In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the label where
possible).

16. Other information


Reason for alteration
Chapter 4: first aid measures.
Chapter 5: fire-fighting measures.
Chapter 10: stability and reactivity.
General update.

Regional representation:
This information is given on the authorised Safety Data Sheet
for your country.
The information contained herein is based on the present state of our knowledge. It
characterizes the product with regard to the appropriate safety precautions. It does not
represent a guarantee of the properties of the product.

The Safety Data Sheets for catalog items are also available at www.chemdat.info

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