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Delay Model

Contents
Model interface
Description

An outline of the derivation of this model

Summary

Area for input of variables and presentation of summary results.

Input data
Aircraft data

Aircraft operating data derived from the Westminster Report.

Airport charges Airport charges derived from the Westminster Report.

Working areas
Unit costs

Calculation of aircraft operating costs per minute. Strategic delay costs are also
calculated here as they are based on unit costs.

Table J

Table J from the Westminster Report. This provides the structure for calculating tactical
delay costs.

Model output
UoW tables

Tables of calculated delay costs. These reproduce tables from the Westminster Report
and provide a validation of the model's ability to reproduce the results of the Report. The
tables cover tactical delay, with and without the network effect and strategic delay.

Delay details

The complete database of delay cost elements generated by the model. The source of
the summary table in the Summary spreadsheet.

Original values

A static table showing the assumptions in the Westminster Report and the results
produced.

273002822.xls

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06/09/2015

Delay Model
Description
University of Westminster Report
The Westminster Report approaches delay costs from two angles. The bulk of the report is given to a
detailed assessment of the delay costs for 12 specific aircraft types which, together, carry out about 42% of
the flying time in Europe. As a relatively brief supplement, the Report derives an estimate of the total delay
costs for Europe and calculates an average delay cost per minute - the 72 value. This value is a tactical
ground cost, with the network effect (ie including reactionary costs) and also includes the opportunity cost to
an airline of lost passengers. Because it includes this opportunity cost, it could be applicable to a single
airline but it would not be appropriate to apply it across the whole fleet. However, the opportunity cost may
be considered to be a valuation of the cost of delay to passengers.

Approach of this model


This model builds on the data for the 12 specific aircraft types in the Westminster Report and introduces a
notional thirteenth type which carries out the remaining flights in Europe. This aircraft type is a composite of
the B737-300 and the ATR42(d), with characteristics combined in such proportions that the weighted
average value for the whole fleet for tactical ground delay cost, with the network effect and the full cost to
airlines of passenger delays gives the 72 value. The B737-300 and the ATR42(d) were chosen to be
representative of the medium and smaller aircraft operating in European airspace which were probably
under represented in the 12 aircraft types.
The model is then able to produce estimates of the average European cost of delay for the different
categories of delay (tactical/strategic, with/without network effect, ground/airborne) segmented by types of
cost (fuel, maintenance, crew, airport charges, aircraft ownership costs, passenger costs). It is then possible
for the user to substitute the values in the Westminster Report with his own assumptions and produce an
updated cost of delay.

Definitions
Tactical delay

Actual incurred delays.

Strategic delay

The buffer built into schedules in anticipation of delays.

Ground delay

Delay incurred on the ground, either at the gate or on the taxiway. The Westminster
Report assumed a combination but the model assumes all delay is at the gate. [A switch
in Table J allows the original assumption to be re-applied.]

Airborne delay

Delay incurred in the air, either en-route or when holding. The Westminster Report
assumed a combination but the model assumes all delay is whilst holding. [A switch in
Table J allows the original assumption to be re-applied.]

Network effect

The effect of consequential delay caused either to the aircraft incurring the initial delay or
to other aircraft.

Reactionary
delay multiplier

A multiplier applied to the cost of an initial delay to account for the costs of consequential
delay.

BHDOC

Block Hour Direct Operating Costs. The direct costs per hour of operating an aircraft,
including fuel, crew costs, maintenance, etc. The Westminster Report estimates crew and
maintenance costs as assumed percentages of BHDOC.

Aircraft
The unitised cost of possession of an aircraft, whether it be a depreciation (D), rental (R)
ownership costs or leasing (L) charge, expressed as a cost per minute.
(DRL)
Passenger
compensation

273002822.xls

Money costs of catering for, accommodating or compensating passengers who have


suffered delays.

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06/09/2015

Delay Model
Description
Passenger
opportunity cost

273002822.xls

Lost future potential revenue from passengers who choose not to fly with a particular
airline again as a consequence of delay currently experienced. This is assumed to be
equivalent to the cost of delay to passengers.

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06/09/2015

Assumptions

Delay Model
Summary
Scenario
Scenario chosen

Low
Base

Aircraft operating costs


Aircraft operating data
Fuel cost (US$/US gallon)
Crew cost (% of BHDOC)
Maintenance cost (% of BHDOC)

Click for details


1.18
1.74
2.41
5%
15%
25%
15%
15%
15%

Costs of passenger delay to airlines


Cost per passenger per minute ()
Passenger compensation
Passenger opportunity cost
Passenger load factor

Base
0

High

For delays greater than 15 minutes


0.13
0.19
50%

0.16
0.24
70%

Exchange rates
Dollar/euro exchange rate

1 =

Indices
Aircraft operating costs
Aircraft ownership costs
Passenger costs

Base year - 2002


1.08
1.08
1.08

Reactionary delay multipliers


Passenger costs
Non-passenger costs

0.19
0.29
90%

$1.30

Delays > 15 minutes


1.8
1.2

Update the database

Results

Delay costs per minute ()

Fuel costs
Maintenance costs
Crew costs
Ground and passenger handling
Airport charges
Aircraft ownership costs (DRL)
Passenger compensation
Direct cost to an airline

Tactical without
network effect
Ground
Airborne
1
15
1
1
9
9
0
-0
14
14
25
40

Tactical with
network effect
Ground
Airborne
1
15
1
1
11
11
0
0
26
26
39
54

Strategic
Ground
1
12
10
22

Airborne
15
12
12
10
49

Passenger opportunity cost

22

22

39

39

Overall cost

47

62

78

93

22

49

273002822.xls

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06/09/2015

Delay Model
Aircraft data

B737-300
B737-400
B737-500
B737-800
B757-200
B767-300ER
B747-400
A319
A320
A321
ATR42(d)
ATR72(d)

Seats
125
143
100
174
218
240
406
126
155
166
46
64

APU
stationary
only
ground
115
690
115
690
115
690
115
690
150
820
150
1120
280
2700
120
630
120
630
120
730
95
102
95
240

active
taxi out
900
900
900
900
1000
1400
3400
720
720
840
120
300

Fuel (kg/hr)
en-route
low
base
2355
2436
2337
2410
2169
2224
2485
2572
3195
3311
4514
4726
9484
9809
2240
2304
2279
2355
2695
2788
419
433
628
630

BHDOC (/hr)
high
2523
2498
2288
2668
3417
4941
10125
2374
2429
2885
447
640

arrival management
low
base
high
2656
2731
2814
2504
2588
2676
2483
2530
2584
2038
2187
2229
2685
2789
2867
3735
3908
4093
7198
7421
7647
1791
1854
1919
2002
2074
2151
2524
2625
2728
382
392
404
498
504
512

low
2540
2950
2540
2130
3330
4090
8430
2670
2720
3180
1400
1730

base
4950
5280
4550
4040
5960
7590
10730
5240
4790
5690
2510
3100

high
6250
6530
5630
5950
7380
11080
11970
6630
6860
7040
3100
3830

All other aircraft are treated as a composite of:


B737-300
57.5%
ATR42(d)
42.5%

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Delay Model
Aircraft data
DRL (/hr)

B737-300
B737-400
B737-500
B737-800
B757-200
B767-300ER
B747-400
A319
A320
A321
ATR42(d)
ATR72(d)

low
280
350
310
440
450
690
960
420
450
550
150
200

base
470
580
520
740
740
1150
1600
690
760
910
240
330

high
660
810
730
1030
1040
1610
2240
970
1060
1280
340
460

Percentage
of total
flight time
4.28%
3.34%
2.42%
3.89%
3.99%
5.79%
6.52%
2.03%
6.32%
2.46%
1.36%

Marginal crew costs (/hr)


low
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

base
577
608
608
608
638
1064
1687
577
608
577
411
411

high
790
832
832
832
874
1456
2309
790
832
790
564
564

Percentage
of flights
4.6%
3.1%
3.1%
7.5%
2.3%
1.6%
1.6%
6.2%
9.6%
3.4%
2.1%
2.7%

All other aircraft are treated as a composite of:


B737-300
ATR42(d)

273002822.xls

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Delay Model
Airport charges
Delay time (minutes)

65

High

Base

Low

cost allocation phase


OOOI sequence
description

B737-300
B737-400
B737-500
B737-800
B757-200
B767-300ER
B747-400
A319
A320
A321
ATR42(d)
ATR72(d)
Others
B737-300
B737-400
B737-500
B737-800
B757-200
B767-300ER
B747-400
A319
A320
A321
ATR42(d)
ATR72(d)
Others
B737-300
B737-400
B737-500
B737-800
B757-200
B767-300ER
B747-400
A319
A320
A321
ATR42(d)
ATR72(d)
Others

273002822.xls

direct @ ground A
incurred @ ground B
IN
OUT
ON
IN
@ gate A
off-gate A off-gate B
@
GPU
APU
take-off
landing
gate B
only
only
roll
roll
21.2
21.2
0.0
-1.6
0.3
21.6
21.6
0.0
-1.7
0.3
21.0
21.0
0.0
-1.5
0.3
22.9
22.9
0.0
-2.0
0.3
25.0
25.0
0.0
-3.1
0.3
29.4
29.4
0.0
-5.0
0.3
87.2
87.2
0.0
-11.3
1.9
21.2
21.2
0.0
-1.6
0.3
22.0
22.0
0.0
-1.9
0.3
23.7
23.7
0.0
-2.3
0.3
17.2
17.2
0.2
-0.2
0.3
17.6
17.6
0.0
-0.4
0.3
19.5
19.5
0.1
-1.0
0.3
23.6
23.6
0.0
-0.9
0.3
24.2
24.2
0.0
-1.0
0.3
23.4
23.4
0.0
-0.9
0.3
25.8
25.8
0.0
-1.2
0.3
29.0
29.0
0.0
-1.8
0.3
35.0
35.0
0.0
-2.9
0.3
99.7
99.7
0.0
-11.3
1.9
23.7
23.7
0.0
-0.9
0.3
24.8
24.8
0.0
-1.1
0.3
26.9
26.9
0.0
-1.3
0.3
18.2
18.2
0.2
0.0
0.3
18.8
18.8
0.0
-0.2
0.3
21.3
21.3
0.1
-0.5
0.3
92.4
92.4
0.0
-1.1
12.3
92.4
92.4
0.0
-1.2
12.3
92.4
92.4
0.0
-1.0
12.3
92.4
92.4
0.0
-1.4
12.3
102.9
102.9
0.0
-2.1
12.3
143.1
143.1
0.0
-3.4
12.3
266.6
266.6
0.0
120.0
29.9
92.4
92.4
0.0
-1.1
12.3
92.4
92.4
0.0
-1.3
12.3
92.4
92.4
0.0
-1.6
12.3
92.4
92.4
5.7
5.7
12.3
92.4
92.4
0.0
-0.3
12.3
92.4
92.4
2.4
1.8
12.3

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Delay Model
Airport charges
Ground
handling
incurred @ ground B
IN
@
gate B
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
160.0
160.0
160.0
160.0
160.0
200.0
300.0
160.0
120.0
160.0
90.0
90.0
130.3

273002822.xls

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Delay Model
Unit costs
Option
Fuel price /kg
1

B737-300
B737-400
B737-500
B737-800
B757-200
B767-300ER
B747-400
A319
A320
A321
ATR42(d)
ATR72(d)
Others
Weighted averages

273002822.xls

Base
0.44
2

Seats
125
143
100
174
218
240
406
126
155
166
46
64
91

Fuel (kg/hr)
APU
ground
taxi
en-route
115
690
900
2436
115
690
900
2410
115
690
900
2224
115
690
900
2572
150
820
1000
3311
150
1120
1400
4726
280
2700
3400
9809
120
630
720
2304
120
630
720
2355
120
730
840
2788
95
102
120
433
95
240
300
630

7
Input data
arrival
2731
2588
2530
2187
2789
3908
7421
1854
2074
2625
392
504

8
BHDOC
/hr
5364.635
5722.277
4931.129
4378.409
6459.237
8225.774
11628.79
5678.927
5191.233
6166.621
2720.249
3359.67

10

11

DRL
Percentage
/hr
of flights
509.3694
4.60%
628.5835
3.06%
563.5576
3.09%
801.9858
7.55%
801.9858
2.28%
1246.329
1.57%
1734.023
1.57%
747.7976
6.19%
823.6611
9.65%
986.2258
3.35%
260.1035
2.06%
357.6423
2.72%
52.31%

Marginal crew
/hr
625.3322066
658.928911
658.928911
658.928911
691.4418506
1153.125594
1828.310975
625.3322066
658.928911
625.3322066
445.4272737
445.4272737
549

120

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Delay Model
Unit costs
Option
Fuel price /kg
1

B737-300
B737-400
B737-500
B737-800
B757-200
B767-300ER
B747-400
A319
A320
A321
ATR42(d)
ATR72(d)
Others
Weighted averages

273002822.xls

12

13

APU
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1.1
1.1
2.0
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.7
0.7
0.8

ground
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
6.0
8.2
19.7
4.6
4.6
5.3
0.7
1.8
3.2

0.8

4.1

14

15
16
Cost per minute

Fuel
taxi
en-route
6.6
17.8
6.6
17.6
6.6
16.2
6.6
18.8
7.3
24.2
10.2
34.5
24.8
71.6
5.3
16.8
5.3
17.2
6.1
20.3
0.9
3.2
2.2
4.6
4.1
11.6
5.2

15.1

17

18

19

arrival Maintenance
19.9
13.4
18.9
14.3
18.5
12.3
16.0
10.9
20.3
16.1
28.5
20.6
54.1
29.1
13.5
14.2
15.1
13.0
19.1
15.4
2.9
6.8
3.7
8.4
12.7
10.6

Crew
13.4
14.3
12.3
10.9
16.1
20.6
29.1
14.2
13.0
15.4
6.8
8.4
10.6

DRL
8.5
10.5
9.4
13.4
13.4
20.8
28.9
12.5
13.7
16.4
4.3
6.0
6.7

12.0

9.5

14.8

12.0

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Delay Model
Unit costs
Option
Fuel price /kg
1

B737-300
B737-400
B737-500
B737-800
B757-200
B767-300ER
B747-400
A319
A320
A321
ATR42(d)
ATR72(d)
Others
Weighted averages

273002822.xls

20

21

22

Fuel
Maintenance
0.8
0.0
0.8
0.0
0.8
0.0
0.8
0.0
1.1
0.0
1.1
0.0
2.0
0.0
0.9
0.0
0.9
0.0
0.9
0.0
0.7
0.0
0.7
0.0
0.8
0.0

Ground
Crew
13.4
14.3
12.3
10.9
16.1
20.6
29.1
14.2
13.0
15.4
6.8
8.4
10.6

DRL
8.5
10.5
9.4
13.4
13.4
20.8
28.9
12.5
13.7
16.4
4.3
6.0
6.7

Total
22.7
25.6
22.6
25.2
30.6
42.4
60.0
27.5
27.6
32.7
11.8
15.1
18.1

12.0

9.5

22.3

0.8

0.0

23
24
25
Strategic delay costs per minute

26

27

28

29

Fuel
Maintenance
17.8
13.4
17.6
14.3
16.2
12.3
18.8
10.9
24.2
16.1
34.5
20.6
71.6
29.1
16.8
14.2
17.2
13.0
20.3
15.4
3.2
6.8
4.6
8.4
11.6
10.6

Air
Crew
13.4
14.3
12.3
10.9
16.1
20.6
29.1
14.2
13.0
15.4
6.8
8.4
10.6

DRL
8.5
10.5
9.4
13.4
13.4
20.8
28.9
12.5
13.7
16.4
4.3
6.0
6.7

Total
53.1
56.7
50.3
54.0
69.8
96.4
158.6
57.7
56.9
67.6
21.1
27.4
39.5

12.0

9.5

48.6

15.1

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12.0

06/09/2015

Delay Model
Table J
Aircraft
Scenario
Delay time (minutes)
Tactical delay costs without network effect
cost allocation phase
OOOI sequence
description

B737-300
Base
65

Delay definition UoW typical


0

direct @ ground A
IN
@ gate A
GPU
APU
only
only

active
taxi out

OUT
off-gate A
statnry
ground

take-off
roll

climb-out
(to ToC)

direct airborne
OFF
airborne
arrival
en-route mngmnt

ToD to
t'down

landing
roll

incurred @ ground B
ON
off-gate B
statnry
active
ground
taxi in

IN
@
gate B

cost element
fuel
maintenance
crew salaries and expenses
ground and passenger handling
airport charges
all other pax costs
proportion of col. total allocated to phase
=> average cost per minute for phase
avg cost per min incl. incurred costs @ B
Tactical delay costs with network effect
Passenger costs
Non-passenger costs
=> average cost per minute for phase
avg cost per min incl. incurred costs @ B

273002822.xls

35.4
625.3

54.5
35.4
625.3

426.7
50.0
625.3

327.2
47.6
625.3

1155.0
79.3
625.3

1294.9
74.4
625.3

25.6

25.6

686.3
0.81
11.2
48.9

740.8
0.09

1102.1
0.04

1000.1
0.06

0.0
1

0.0
0

1859.7
0.7
29.2
66.9

1994.7
0.3

0.0
0

-1.0
1
37.7

0.0
0

0.0
0

0.0
0.3
2451.5
2451.8
1

0.0
823.6
823.6
13.4
81.3

0.0
889.0
889.0

0.0
1322.5
1322.5

0.0
1200.1
1200.1

0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
1859.7
1859.7
29.2
99.3

0.0
1994.7
1994.7

0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
-1.2
-1.2
67.9

0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0

4412.7
0.4
4413.0

0.0

Page 12 of 16

-1.0

06/09/2015

Delay Model
Tables from the Westminister Report
Tactical delay costs without network effect
Table 2-14
Ground delay
Low
Base
B737-300
22.5
48.9
B737-400
25.7
55.1
B737-500
18.4
42.0
B737-800
31.2
64.1
B757-200
39.0
78.4
B767-300ER
43.1
92.9
B747-400
74.1
156.2
A319
22.8
49.3
A320
27.7
58.4
A321
29.9
61.6
ATR42(d)
8.5
21.4
ATR72(d)
11.7
26.8
Others
16.4
36.9
Weighted averages
21.6
47.0
Tactical delay costs with network effect
Table 2-24
Ground delay
Low
Base
B737-300
39.9
81.3
B737-400
45.6
92.1
B737-500
32.4
68.6
B737-800
55.5
108.4
B757-200
69.5
133.6
B767-300ER
76.7
155.2
B747-400
131.2
261.3
A319
40.5
82.0
A320
49.3
98.2
A321
53.2
104.1
ATR42(d)
15.0
34.0
ATR72(d)
20.7
43.6
Others
29.1
60.7
Weighted averages
38.4
78.1
Strategic delay costs
Table 2-40
Ground delay
Low
Base
B737-300
7.9
22.7
B737-400
9.6
25.6
B737-500
8.5
22.6
B737-800
10.4
25.2
B757-200
11.9
30.6
B767-300ER
16.9
42.4
B747-400
26.3
60.0
A319
10.6
27.5
A320
11.2
27.6
A321
13.4
32.7
ATR42(d)
4.4
11.8
ATR72(d)
5.6
15.1

273002822.xls

High
90.4
100.2
80.3
114.7
137.4
169.2
283.0
90.9
105.2
109.8
44.0
52.3
70.8
87.4

Table 2-15
Airborne delay
Low
Base
34.2
66.9
37.1
72.7
29.1
58.5
42.3
81.5
53.6
101.0
63.7
125.0
115.8
220.0
32.9
64.8
38.2
74.7
42.6
81.2
10.3
24.4
14.4
31.0
23.9
48.6
31.1
61.7

High
115.4
124.6
102.8
138.8
168.6
214.5
372.2
112.2
127.6
137.1
47.1
57.2
86.4
107.4

High
143.5
160.2
124.5
186.3
226.0
270.5
453.5
144.4
169.6
178.2
65.5
80.6
110.5
138.6

Table 2-25
Airborne delay
Low
Base
51.6
99.3
57.0
109.8
43.2
85.1
66.6
125.8
84.1
156.2
97.3
187.3
172.8
325.1
50.6
97.6
59.7
114.4
65.8
123.7
16.8
37.0
23.4
47.8
36.5
72.4
47.8
92.8

High
168.4
184.6
147.0
210.5
257.3
315.8
542.7
165.7
192.1
205.6
68.7
85.4
126.2
158.6

High
41.3
45.3
39.8
46.6
53.6
80.6
97.3
48.7
51.3
56.1
21.1
26.6

Table 2-42
Airborne delay
Low
Base
25.9
53.1
28.5
56.7
25.5
50.3
27.9
54.0
35.9
69.8
49.5
96.4
94.7
158.6
28.3
57.7
29.2
56.9
34.7
67.6
9.8
21.1
13.0
27.4

High
82.6
87.1
77.0
88.6
106.7
159.1
229.4
89.4
93.3
103.2
33.1
42.5

Page 13 of 16

06/09/2015

Delay Model
Tables from the Westminister Report
Others
Weighted averages

273002822.xls

6.4
8.5

18.1
22.3

32.7
40.2

Page 14 of 16

19.1
24.3

39.5
48.6

61.6
76.1

06/09/2015

Delay Model
Delay details

Fuel
Maintenance
Crew
Handling
Airport
Passengers

Ground delay

Tactical delay costs without network effect

Total

Airborne delay

Fuel
Maintenance
Crew
Handling
Airport
Passengers

Fuel
Maintenance
Crew
Handling
Airport
Passengers

Ground delay

Tactical delay costs with network effect

Total

Total

Airborne delay

Fuel
Maintenance
Crew
Handling
Airport
Passengers

Ground delay

Fuel
Maintenance
Crew
DRL

Airborne delay

Strategic delay costs

Total

Fuel
Maintenance
Crew
DRL

Total

Total
2

273002822.xls

1
1
11
0
0
66
78

Weighted averages

Others

ATR72(d)

ATR42(d)

A321

A320

0
0
0
0
0
25
26

0
0
0
0
0
17
18

0
0
0
0
0
30
31

1
0
0
0
0
38
39

1
0
0
0
0
42
43

2
1
0
0
1
70
74

0
0
0
0
0
22
23

0
0
0
0
0
27
28

0
0
0
0
0
29
30

0
0
0
0
0
8
8

0
0
0
0
0
11
12

0
0
0
0
0
16
16

0
0
0
0
0
21
22

1
1
10
0
0
38
49

1
1
10
0
0
43
55

1
1
10
0
0
30
42

1
0
10
0
0
52
64

1
2
1
1
18 28
0
0
0
1
73 123
93 156

1
1
10
0
0
38
49

1
1
10
0
0
47
58

1
1
10
0
0
50
62

0
0
7
0
0
14
21

0
0
7
0
0
19
27

0
0
8
0
0
27
37

1
1
9
0
0
36
47

1
1
1
1
1
1
26 28 26
3
2
3
2
2
2
59 72 78
91 105 110

0
0
19
2
2
21
44

0
0
19
2
2
30
52

1
1
23
2
2
43
71

12
1
0
0
0
22
34

12
1
0
0
0
25
37

11
1
0
0
0
17
29

12
1
0
0
0
30
42

15
1
0
0
0
38
54

21 43
1
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
42 70
64 116

10
1
0
0
0
22
33

11
1
0
0
0
27
38

13
1
0
0
0
29
43

2
0
0
0
0
8
10

3
0
0
0
0
11
14

8
0
0
0
0
16
24

10
1
0
0
0
21
31

18
1
10
0
0
38
67

18
1
10
0
0
43
73

17
1
10
0
0
30
58

18 23 33 66
1
1
2
3
10
11 18 28
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
52 66 73 123
81 101 125 220

16
1
10
0
0
38
65

17
1
10
0
0
47
75

20
1
10
0
0
50
81

3
1
7
0
0
14
24

4
1
7
0
0
19
31

12
1
8
0
0
27
49

15 26 26 24 26 33 47 95 23 24 29
1
2
2
1
1
2
3
3
2
2
2
9 26 28 28 28 29 49 77 26 28 26
0
3
3
3
3
3
3
5
3
2
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
36 58 67 47 81 102 112 190 59 72 78
62 115 125 103 139 169 215 372 112 128 137

4
1
19
2
0
21
47

6
1
19
2
0
30
57

17 21
1
1
23 26
2
2
0
0
43 56
86 107

1
0
0
0
0
39
40

1
0
0
0
0
44
46

1
0
0
0
0
31
32

1
0
0
0
0
54
55

1
0
0
0
0
68
70

1
2
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
75 127
77 131

0
0
0
0
0
39
41

0
0
0
0
0
48
49

1
0
0
0
0
52
53

0
0
0
0
0
14
15

0
0
0
0
0
20
21

0
0
0
0
0
28
29

0
0
0
0
0
37
38

1
1
12
0
0
68
81

1
1
12
0
0
78
92

1
1
1
1
3
1
1
1
1
1
12 12 13 21 34
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
55 94 119 131 222
69 108 134 155 261

1
1
12
0
0
69
82

1
1
1
1
12 12
0
0
0
0
84 91
98 104

0
0
8
0
0
25
34

0
0
8
0
0
34
44

1
1
10
0
0
49
61

1
1
1
1
1
1
2
4
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
1
11 32 33 33 33 35 58 92 32 33 32
0
3
3
3
3
3
4
6
3
2
3
0
2
2
2
2
2
3
8
2
2
2
65 105 120 84 146 184 202 342 106 130 140
78 143 160 124 186 226 270 454 144 170 178

0
0
23
2
2
38
66

0
1
23
2
2
53
81

1
1
1
1
28 31
3
3
2
2
77 101
111 139

12
1
0
0
0
39
52

12
1
0
0
0
44
57

11
1
0
0
0
31
43

12
1
0
0
0
54
67

15
1
0
0
0
68
84

21 44
1
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
75 127
97 173

10
1
0
0
0
39
51

11
1
0
0
0
48
60

13
1
0
0
0
52
66

2
0
0
0
0
14
17

3
0
0
0
0
20
23

8
1
0
0
0
28
37

10
1
0
0
0
37
48

19 18
1
1
12 12
0
0
0
0
68 78
99 110

17 18 23 33 67
1
1
2
2
3
12 12 13 21 34
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
55 94 119 131 222
85 126 156 187 325

16 17 20
1
1
2
12 12 12
0
0
0
0
0
0
69 84 91
98 114 124

3
1
8
0
0
25
37

4
1
8
0
0
34
48

12
1
10
0
0
49
72

15 27 26 24 26 33 48 96 23 24 29
1
2
2
1
2
2
3
3
2
2
2
11 32 33 33 33 35 58 92 32 33 32
0
3
3
3
3
3
4
6
3
2
3
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
4
1
0
0
65 105 120 84 146 184 202 342 106 130 140
93 168 185 147 210 257 316 543 166 192 206

4
1
23
2
1
38
69

6 17 22
1
1
2
23 28 31
2
3
3
1
1
1
53 77 101
85 126 159

1
0
2
5
8

1
0
3
6
10

1
0
2
6
8

1
0
2
8
10

1
0
3
8
12

1
0
4
12
17

1
0
8
17
26

1
0
2
8
11

1
0
2
8
11

1
0
3
10
13

0
0
1
3
4

0
0
2
4
6

1
0
2
4
6

1
0
2
6
8

1
0
13
8
23

1
0
14
10
26

1
0
12
9
23

1
0
11
13
25

1
0
16
13
31

1
0
21
21
42

2
0
29
29
60

1
0
14
12
28

1
0
13
14
28

1
0
15
16
33

1
0
7
4
12

1
0
8
6
15

1
0
11
7
18

1
0
12
10
22

1
0
28
12
41

1
0
29
15
45

1
0
25
13
40

1
0
27
19
47

3
0
54
40
97

1
0
30
18
49

1
0
31
19
51

1
0
32
23
56

1
0
14
6
21

1
0
17
8
27

1
0
22
9
33

1
0
26
13
40

12
7
2
5
26

12
8
3
6
29

11
7
2
6
25

12
6
2
8
28

16
9
3
8
36

22
11
4
12
50

47
23
8
17
95

11
7
2
8
28

11
7
2
8
29

13
9
3
10
35

2
4
1
3
10

3
5
2
4
13

8
6
2
4
19

10
7
2
6
24

18
13
13
8
53

18
14
14
10
57

16
12
12
9
50

19
11
11
13
54

24
16
16
13
70

34 72
21 29
21 29
21 29
96 159

17
14
14
12
58

17
13
13
14
57

20
15
15
16
68

3
7
7
4
21

5
8
8
6
27

12
11
11
7
39

15
12
12
10
49

26
17
28
12
83

25
18
29
15
87

23
15
25
13
77

27 35 50 102
16 20 30 32
27 33 50 54
19 19 29 40
89 107 159 229

24
18
30
18
89

25 29
19 19
31 32
19 23
93 103

5
8
14
6
33

6
10
17
8
42

17
13
22
9
62

22
15
26
13
76

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

39

40

42

43

44

45

Page 15 of 16

1
1
1
1
3
1
1
1
1
1
28 28 29 49 77
3
3
3
3
5
2
2
2
2
6
47 81 102 112 190
80 115 137 169 283

A319

B747-400

B767-300ER

B757-200

B737-800

0
0
0
0
0
22
23

24

1
1
1
1
26 28
3
3
2
2
58 67
90 100

B737-500

B737-400

B737-300

Weighted averages

Others

ATR72(d)

ATR42(d)

A321

A320

High

A319

B747-400

B767-300ER

B757-200

B737-800

B737-500

B737-400

B737-300

Weighted averages

Others

ATR72(d)

ATR42(d)

A321

A320

Base

A319

B747-400

B767-300ER

B757-200

B737-800

B737-500

B737-400

B737-300

Low

2
0
33
19
54

36

2
0
50
29
81

37

38

41

1
1
26
2
2
56
87

06/09/2015

Assumptions

Delay Model
Original values

Scenario
Scenario chosen

Low
Base

Aircraft operating costs


Aircraft operating data
Fuel cost (US$/US gallon)
Crew cost (% of BHDOC)
Maintenance cost (% of BHDOC)

Click for details


0.64
0.95
1.32
5%
15%
25%
15%
15%
15%

Costs of passenger delay to airlines


Cost per passenger per minute ()
Passenger compensation
Passenger opportunity cost
Passenger load factor

Base
0

High

For delays greater than 15 minutes


0.13
0.19
50%

0.16
0.24
70%

Exchange rates
Dollar/euro exchange rate

1 =

Indices
Aircraft operating costs
Aircraft ownership costs
Passenger costs

Base year - 2002


1.00
1.00
1.00

Reactionary delay multipliers


Passenger costs
Non-passenger costs

0.19
0.29
90%

$1.00

Delays > 15 minutes


1.8
1.2

Results

Delay costs per minute ()

Fuel costs
Maintenance costs
Crew costs
Ground and passenger handling
Airport charges
Aircraft ownership costs (DRL)
Passenger compensation
Direct cost to an airline

Tactical without
network effect
Ground
Airborne
0
11
0
1
9
9
0
-0
13
13
23
34

Tactical with
network effect
Ground
Airborne
0
11
1
1
10
10
0
0
24
24
36
46

Strategic
Ground
1
11
9
20

Airborne
11
11
11
9
42

Passenger opportunity cost

20

20

36

36

Overall cost

43

54

72

82

20

42

273002822.xls

Page 16 of 16

06/09/2015