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Olimpiade Karya Tulis

Inovatif 2011
PPI Prancis

Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011


PPI Prancis

Desain Sampul: Candracoret


Setting layout: Comadesain

Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011


PPI Prancis

14,5 x 21 cm, 112 halaman


ISBN: 602-25594-5-6

Diterbitkan oleh:
Penerbit Bagaskara
Perum Soka Asri Permai AB 11
Purwomartani Kalasan Sleman
email: bagaskara_ab11@yahoo.co.id

Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

DAFTAR ISI

Sambutan Dubes RI Paris Rezlan Ishar Jenie...................


Kata Pengantar Ketua PPI Prancis 2010/2011 .................
Kata Pengantar Ketua OKTI II/2011 ...............................
RINGKASAN KEGIATAN OKTI 2011 ........................
ABSTRAK PAPER PEMENANG OKTI II/2011
Pemuliaan dan Bioteknologi Tanaman Cabai Sebagai
Salah Satu Sayuran Utama di Indonesia...........................
Evaluasi Pertumbuhan Isolat Probiotik (L. casei dan
L. plantarum) dalam Medium Fermentasi Berbasis Ubi
Jalar (Ipomoea batatas L.) Selama Proses Fermentasi
(Kajian jenis Isolat dan Jenis Tepung Ubi Jalar)..............
Analisa Bahan Bakar Terbarukan Dari Ganggang
Mikro: Potensi Bagi Dunia Dan Kesempatan Bagi
Indonesia.......................................................................
ABSTRAK PAPER FINALIS OKTI II/2011
Potensi Umbi Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri
Blume) sebagai Pangan Fungsional untuk Menunjang
Ketahanan Pangan Indonesia.......................................
Sinergi Ajaran Agama Islam dan Pancasila dalam
Memperbaiki Sistem Pendidikan Indonesia..................
Service Oriented Architecture, Untuk Mewujudkan
Excelent Service Bidang Kesehatan (Rumah Sakit) Di
Indonesia.......................................................................

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Meninjau Dan Menemukan Kembali Wilayah


Epistemologis Sebuah Sinergi Multidisiplinaritas.........
Pengambilan Keputusan Berbasis Risiko Dengan
Aplikasi Stochastic Graphical Matrix Model Pada
Pemilihan Skema Energi Terbarukan Berdasarkan
Konsep Pembangunan Berkelanjutan...........................
Pengembangan Energi Angin Pada Building
Integrated Wind Turbines Untuk Mengatasi Krisis
Energi Di Daerah Perkotaan Di Indonesia...................
Pengembangan Desain Informasi Ergonomis Berbasis
Teknologi Eye Tracking.............................................
Smart Car System To Reducing The Car Distance In
Solve To Exceed Big Cities Jammed In Indonesia........
Studi Konvergensi Absolut Dan Tingkat Dispersi Pada
Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Di Indonesia............................
Psikologi dalam Penegakan Hukum: Menjabarkan
Bentuk dan Dampak Kekerasan Psikis..........................
Adopsi Teknologi Rekayasa Genetika Untuk Tanaman
Pangan Di Negara-Negara Berkembang: Suatu Studi
Perbandingan................................................................
Penggunaan Strategi Politik oleh Transnational
Corporations Dalam Mempengaruhi Hasil Akhir
Sengketa Hukum: Studi Kasus di Indonesia.................
Inovasi Mesin Pembuat Beras Untuk Kebutuhan
Kesehatan dan Pemenuhan Gizi Masyarakat Dengan
Kebutuhan Khusus........................................................
Indeks Kualitas Lingkungan Dan Pembangunan
Berkelanjutan Di Indonesia..........................................
Modifikasi Bambu sebagai Sustainable Material
Melalui Sustainable Technology dan Non-Toxic
Chemicals : Studi Sorption Isotherm, FSP dan Data
Kesetimbangan Fasa......................................................
Kajian Perilaku Plagiarisme Mahasiswa Indonesia.......
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HPLC-Based Profiling untuk Penentuan Senyawa


Aktif dari Produk Bahan Alam Secara Cepat dan
Sederhana Penapisan Antiparasit untuk Pengobatan
Penyakit Tropis..............................................................
Aplikasi Pemodelan Aliran Airtanah Dalam Konsep
Pengelolaan Air tanah Berbasis Cekungan...................
Mengunggah Jati Diri BangsaMelalui Pelestarian
Kawasan dan Bangunan Bersejarah Berbasis Teknologi
Virtual-Reality...............................................................
ABSTRAK PESERTA OKTI II/2011
Pengaruh
Penambahan
Starter
Lactobacillus
Bulgaricus Dan Streptococcus Thermophillus Serta
Lama Inkubasi Terhadap Sifat Fisik, Kimia Dan
Organoleptik Soyghurt..................................................
Hak
Asasi
ManusiaDanKorupsi:
KasusIndonesiaDalam Mendamaikan Universalism
And Relativism ............................................................
Relationship Between Age and Density of Bronchial
Smooth Muscle Fibers In Sprague-Dawley Rats At
Age Neonates, Adolescents, and Adults......................
Study Of Tidal Power Utilization Potency In
Community-Based Maritime Tourism Development....
Efek Taman Nasional Banc Darguin (Mauritani)
Melalui Peningkatan Populasi Ikan Pendekatan
Melalui Indikator..........................................................
Pengelolaan Keragaman Hayati Dan Lingkungan
Untuk Pertanian Berkelanjutan Menuju Ketahanan
Pangan Dan Energi Di Indonesia .................................
Peningkatan Akses Pendanaan Bank/LKNB untuk
UMKM di Indonesia: Profil, Kendala, dan Model
Pendanaan.....................................................................

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Peningkatan Manajemen Kota Tua Jakarta sebagai


Destinasi Wisata Warisan Budaya Kota dari Perspektif
Pemangku Kepentingan................................................
Peranan Riset Baterai Sekunder dalam Mendukung
Penyediaan Energi Bersih Di Indonesia 2025...............
Supervisi Lintas Kebijakan Berbasis Syariah Sebagai
Upaya Pengelolaan Sbsn Secara Efektif Dan Efisien
(Studi Praktis Mitigasi Risiko Fiskal Oleh Bank
Indonesia).....................................................................
Naval Watcher Radar To Detect Early Foreign Ship In
the Border Indonesia Ocean Region ............................
Optimation Solar Cell With Concentrator And Solar
Cell Attacker Based Microcontroller............................
Planning Design Optimation Solar Cell Use Electronic
Waste Based Microcontroller........................................
Pseudo Diplomacy dalam Realitas Buruh Migran
Perempuan (TKW).......................................................
Pengembangan Sistem Berbasis Pengetahuan Dalam
Bidang Budidaya Tambak Di Indonesia........................
Memperbaiki Kualitas dan Kelestarian Lingkungan
Hidup Ibukota Jakarta dengan Program Taman Asuh.
Filter Air Keramik Dengan Pompa Angin Sebagai
Alternatif Penyedia Air Bersih Rumah Tangga Di
Indonesia.......................................................................
Aspek Teknis dan Sosio-Teknis dalam Penerapan
Systems Engineering: Tantangan dan Solusi bagi
Indonesian Expatriate Engineer....................................
Konsep Value Capture Sebagai Alternatif Dalam
Upaya Menyediakan Sarana/Prasarana Air Bersih Bagi
Masyarakat di Indonesia...............................................

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Penelitian Struktur Odor dan Essens Menggunakan


Tekhnologi Spektroskopi Molecular Beam Fourier
Transform Microwave (MB-FTMW) dan Teori Kimia
Kuantum........................................................................
Film Dokumenter Pendek Mahasiswa Doktoral, Sarana
Membangun Kepribadian Bangsa Dan Generasi Muda
Untuk Cinta Ilmu Pengetahuan Dan Teknologi...........
Menuju Dosen Kelas Dunia Berkebangsaan di
Pendidikan Tinggi Indonesia: Sebuah Model dan Pola
Pikir...............................................................................
Performa Indonesia Dalam Publikasi Ilmiah
Internasional Selama 1996-2010: Sebuah Studi
Komparatif Komprehensif ............................................
Kontribusi Pembiayaan Usaha Kecil terhadap Kinerja
Perbankan Indonesia: Kasus pada Bank-Bank Publik..
Paradoksi Kebijakan Otonomi Daerah dan Peningkatan
Kesejahteraan Masyarakat: Kalimantan Timur Kaya Tapi
Miskin....................................................................................
Perancangan Tracking System dan Telemetri Sebagai
Inovasi dalam Distribusi Biodiesel untuk Mendukung
Roadmap Biodiesel Nasional........................................
Kebijakan Pengembangan Energi di Indonesia dan
Teknologi Smart Gridi..................................................
Penerapan Kontrol Kognitif pada Proses Pembelajaran
Teknologi Baru (Studi Kasus Perbandingan Model
Penelitian di Indonesia dan Jerman)......................... 99
Bisakah Mahasiswa Indonesia Belajar Mandiri?
Konsep Belajar Bahasa Jerman Secara Mandiri Melalui
Bimbingan Belajar.........................................................
Linked Open Data dan Jejaring Sosial untuk Kesehatan
Ibu dan Anak................................................................
Heal the World dengan Mengurangi Emisi Karbon
Dioksida melalui Teknologi Berbasis Kimia Terapan....

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Dinamika Sosial Gerakan Guru di Indonesia Pasca Orde


Baru........................................................................................
Car Navigation Systems based on Drivers Behaviour
by Using Adaptive Neural based Fuzzy Inference
Sytems (ANFIS)...........................................................
Penggunaan
Geosynthetic
Supported
Piled
Embankment Pada Konstruksi Perkerasan di atas
Tanah Lunak.................................................................
Penerapan Model Saint-Venant dan Metode Volume
Hingga dalam Beberapa Masalah Bencana Alam ........
The Reliabilityof GUI for DiaHDL: A Development of
Web-Based VHDL Code Generator.............................
Transportasi Massal Effektif, Effisien, Hemat Energi
serta Berteknologi Ramah Lingkungan untuk
Indonesia ......................................................................

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Sambutan Dubes RI Paris


Rezlan Ishar Jenie

Assalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh,


Salam sejahtera untuk kita semua,
Rekan-rekan mahasiswa dan pelajar yang saya banggakan,
Pertama-tama saya ingin mengucapkan selamat atas
suksesnya penyelenggaraan acara Olimpiade Karya Tulis lnovatif
(OKTI) di Balai Budaya Kedutaan Besar Republik lndonesia di Paris
pada tanggal 8-9 Oktober 2011. Keberhasilan penyelenggaraan
ini sudah tentu merupakan hasil kerja keras semua pihak yang
terlibat didalamnya, khususnya panitia penyelenggara, dewan juri
dan para peserta OKTI 2011, serta PPI Prancis selaku pemrakarsa
kegiatan OKTI.
Terobosan-terobosan kreatif dan inovatif yang dilakukan
kalangan pelajar dan mahasiswa lndonesia di luar negeri khususnya
Prancis melalui penyelenggaraan OKTI 2011 sudah sepatutnya
kita sambut dan hargai. Sesuai semangat yang tercermin dalam
tema "Sinergi Karya Multidispliner Mahasiswa Indonesia di Luar
Negeri dalam Mendukung Pembangunan Indonesia", prakarsa
dan gagasan para pelajar lndonesia di luar negeri diyakini mampu
memberikan sumbangsih kongkrit dalam mewarnai khazanah
keilmuan di tanah air menuju tenruujudnya masyarakat
lndonesia yang cerdas dan kreatif. Kegiatan OKTI 2011
yang melibatkan kalangan organisasi perkumpulan pelajar
lndonesia di dunia kiranya perlu terus dipertahankan dan
dikembangkan keberadaannya di masa-masa mendatang. Peran
sertamahasiswalpelajar bagi Perwakilan Rl merupakan hal yang
strategis. Para mahasiswalpelajar diharapkan untuk terus secara
aktif membantu menjaga dan meningkatkan citra lndonesia di
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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

luar negeri. Untuk itu, Kedutaan Besar Republik lndonesia di


Paris akan dengan senang hati memfasilitasi dan mendukung
kegiatan-kegiatan PPl, khususnya yang memberikan kontribusi
positif bagi kepentingan bangsa.
Perhelatan OKTI 2011 telah berhasil melahirkan sejumlah
pemikiran dan rekomendasi sebagai masukan yang berguna
bagi kalangan perumus kebijakan untuk membangun masa
depan kehidupan bangsa dan Negara lndonesia yang lebih baik.
Menyadari arti penting peran serta dan sumbangsih pemikiran
kalangan mahasiswalpelajar saya berharap PPI Prancis untuk
terus menerus berkreasi dan berinovasi dengan gagasan-gagasan
baru terutama di bidang- bidang keilmuan masing-masing.
Penuangan kreasi dan inovasi keilmuan tersebut dapat dilakukan
melalui forum-forum diskusi ilmiah seperti seminar, simposium,
lokakarya, dan sejenisnya untuk membahas isu-isu tematik yang
bersifal aktual dan bersentuhan langsung dengan kepentingan
publik.
Para mahasiswa dan pelajar yang saya banggakan,
Dalam konteks hubungan bilateral lndonesia-Prancis dapat
saya sampaikan bahwa saat ini sudah terdapat kesepakatan
untuk membina suatu kemitraan strategis. Kesepakatan yang
dihasilkan pada saat kunjungan Perdana Menteri Franois Fillon
ke lndonesia pada bulan Juli 2011 lalu memprioritaskan lima pilar
bidang kerjasama, yang salah satunya adalah di bidang pendidikan
tinggi. Terkait dengan pilar kerjasama di bidang pendidikan, saya
berharap para pelajar dan mahasiswa lndonesia di Paris dapat
turut mengisi dan memanfaatkan momentum kemitraan tersebut
untuk kepentingan kemajuan dunia pendidikan nasional kita.
Mahasiswa dan pelajar adalah kader pewaris masa depan bangsa
dan negara. Melalui pendidikan dapat diperoleh kedewasaan
dalam berpikir kritis dan kematangan dalam perilaku sebagai
faktor penting dalam membentuk sosok generasi penerus yang
berkepribadian luhur, cerdas dan santun. Sekali lagi saya merasa
bangga dengan kiprah aktif mahasiswa dan pelajar lndonesia di
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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Prancis yang telah memprakarsai penyelenggaraan Olimpiade


Karya Tulis lnovatif (OKTI) di Paris. Forum lomba karya tulis ini
tidak hanya menjadi tempat untuk menempa generasi penerus
bangsa di bidang penguasaan keilmuan namun juga mengasah
jiwa kepemimpinan serta rasa tanggap dan peduli mereka terhadap
isu-isu yang berkembang di sekitarnya.
Terima kasih dan selamat kepada PPI Prancis ! Terima kasih.
Wassalamualaikum Warah matullahi Wabarakatuh.

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Kata Pengantar
Ketua PPI Prancis 2010/2011

Assallamualaikum Wr. Wb.


Puji syukur kehadirat Allah SWT yang telah melimpahkan
rahmat dan karunia-Nya kepada kita semua. Alhamdulillah,
berkat ridha-NYA Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovasi (OKTI) II
dapat terselenggara dengan baik dan lancar
OKTI II yang diselenggarakan oleh PPI Prancis tanggal 8-9
Oktober 2011 adalah manifestasi peran nyata mahasiswa Indonesia
di luar negeri terhadap pembangunan bangsa dan masyarakat
Indonesia. Kontribusi ide atas inovasi-inovasi mahasiswa yang
tengah study di berbagai negara ini merupakan sumbangsih kami
atas berbagai persoalan yang tengah terjadi di tanah air khususnya
terkait pengembangan ilmu,pengetahuan,dan teknologi.
OKTI II yang diikuti oleh 67 peserta dari 19 negara memberikan
spirit dan motivasi bagi kami untuk terus berkarya, menjalin
interaksi keilmuan dengan kawan-kawan dari berbagai negara,
mengembangkan networking dengan berbagai asosiasi keilmuan
dan semua pihak yang kelak akan berguna saat kami kembali
ke tanah air. Kami menyadari sepenuhnya, bahwa fase study ini
selayaknya dimanfaatkan sebaik mungkin untuk kepentingan
jangka panjang membangun tanah air Indonesia di berbagai
bidang.
Kami mengucapkan terima kasih kepada semua pihak
khusunya sponsorship TOTAL Indonesia, bantuan & dukungan
KBRI Paris serta kontribusi Universitas Gunadarma, Ikatan
Ilmuwan Internasional Indonesia (I4), radioppidunia, dan
rekan-rekan PPI dari berbagai negara atas kerjasamanya untuk
kesuksesan acara ini. Terima kasih juga atas bantuan luar biasa
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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

para juri dari awal proses seleksi hingga final. OKTI II ini dapat
terselenggara dengan baik juga atas kerja keras kawan-kawan PPI
Prancis, PPI Paris dan semua pihak yang tidak bisa kami sebutkan
satu persatu.
Akhirnya semoga out-put Proceeding OKTI II ini dapat
bermanfaat sebesar-besarnya untuk kepentingan pengembangan
ilmu dan pengetahuan, serta kontribusi ide dan pemikiran yang
dapat dikembangkan untuk pembangunan bangsa dan masyarakat
Indonesia.
Terima kasih banyak untuk semua bantuan, semangat,
perhatian dan kerjasama semuanya.
Mohon maaf atas segala kekurangan dan kehilafannya.
Salam Indonesia
Sampai jumpa pada OKTI III 2013
Wassallamualaikum Wr.Wb.
Ade Kadarisman
Ketua PPI Prancis 2010-2011

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Kata Pengantar
Ketua OKTI II/2011
Assalamulaikum Wr. Wb, salam sejahtera bagi kita semua.
Persatuan Pelajar Indonesia Prancis yang didukung oleh
KBRI untuk Prancis dan Kepangeranan Andorra dan Monaco
telah berhasil menyelenggarakan Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovasi
atau OKTI II/2011 pada tanggal 8-9 Oktober 2011. Kegiatan ini
adalah kegiatan rutin yang diselenggarakan tiap 2 tahun sekali
yang bertujuan untuk menjadi wadah karya kolektif pemikiran
para pelajar Indonesia yang sedang berada di luar negeri maupun
di dalam negeri. Dengan mengusung tema Sinergi karya
multidisipliner mahasiswa indonesia dalam rangka mendukung
pembangunan Indonesia, kami berharap OKTI II/2011 mampu
kembali memberikan sumbangsih nyata dalam rangka mendukung
pembangunan Indonesia.
Pada kesempatan ini, kami sampaikan bahwa OKTI II/2011
telah berhasil mengumpulkan 67 karya tulis inovasi baik karya
tulis inovasi individu maupun kelompok yang terbagi kedalam
lima kategori tematik. Ke-67 peserta ini berasal dari Inggris,
Irlandia, Prancis, Jerman, Belanda, Norwegia, Swiss, Italia,
Portugis, Rusia, Australia, Amerika, Arab Saudi, Jepang, Taiwan,
Thailand, Malaysia, Korea Selatan, dan Indonesia.
Setelah melalui seleksi administratif atau format penulisan
tahap pertama, dari ke 67 karya tulis inovasi tersebut, kami
menetapkan 61 karya tulis inovasi yang layak untuk lolos tahap
kedua. Ke-61 karya tulis ini terdiri dari kategori A Ilmu Sosial,
Pendidikan dan Humaniora sejumlah 13 karya tulis, kategori B
Teknologi Informatika dan Elektronik sejumlah 11 karya tulis,
kategori C Percepatan Pembangunan Ekonomi, Pengembangan
Wilayah dan Lingkungan sejumlah 10 karya tulis, kategori D
Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Masyarakat sejumlah 5 karya tulis
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dan kategori E Inovasi Ilmu Pengetahuan, Teknologi, Ketahanan


Pangan dan Energi sejumlah 22 karya tulis. Semua karya tulis
yang lolos pada tahap pertama ini akan langsung dimuat ke dalam
proceeding OKTI II/2011.
Selanjutnya melalui proses seleksi ketat yang dilakukan oleh
juri-juri umum dan juri-juri khusus sesuai bidang karya tulis
masing- masing peserta, dari 67 karya tulis pada tahap ke dua
tersebut dinyatakan 20 Finalis yang berhak maju ke tahap final
untuk mempresentasikan karya tulis inovasi nya di hadapan
bapak / ibu juri final di KBRI Paris pada tanggal 8 Oktober 2011.
Seperti kata pepatah Avec nos penses, nous crons le monde,
yang artinya dengan akal pikiran atau gagasan, kita ciptakan
dunia kita. Harapan kita bersama semoga karya tulis inovasi para
finalis dapat berkontribusi dan memberikan manfaat positif bagi
negara kita.
Wassalamulaikum Wr. Wb
Aprillia Firmonasari
Ketua OKTI II/2011

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RINGKASAN KEGIATAN OKTI 2011


Ilmu pengetahuan adalah salah satu faktor yang memberikan
kontribusi yang signifikan dalam peningkatan kualitas hidup
dan pembangunan peradaban suatu bangsa. Tuntutan terhadap
aktualisasi ilmu pengetahuan menjadi penting dalam menghadapi
pergerakan dunia yang sangat dinamis dengan isu-isu terkini yang
menyentuh berbagai bidang seperti kemajuan teknologi di negara
barat, pertumbuhan ekonomi dan problematika kependudukan
di kawasan Asia, konflik politik di Timur Tengah dan ketahanan
pangan di Afrika.
Indonesia sebagai salah satu negara berkembang di kawasan
Asia mengusung semangat perubahan dan percepatan
Pembangunan Nasional dan memperlancar seluruh saluran
komunikasi dalam pelaksanaan kegiatan dan penyelenggaraan
pemerintahan. Percepatan pembangunan tersebut didasarkan
pada prinsip menyelesaikan masalah secara terpadu melalui
lintas-disiplin ilmu.
Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovasi (OKTI) PPI Prancis tahun
2011 meneruskan tradisi tahun 2009 sebagai wadah untuk
mengintegrasikan pemikiran para pelajar Indonesia di seluruh
dunia dari berbagai disiplin ilmu untuk peningkatan ilmu
pengetahuan dan pembangunan Indonesia. Selain itu, OKTI
II/2011 juga menjadi ajang aktualisasi dan diharapkan dapat
memotivasi pelajar Indonesia dalam penulisan karya tulis
ilmiah. Dengan mengusung tema Sinergi karya multidisipliner
mahasiswa Indonesia di luar negeri dalam rangka mendukung
pembangunan Indonesia, OKTI 2011 diharapkan mampu
memberikan sumbangsih nyata untuk negeri.
Karya Tulis Inovasi yang berhasil dikumpulkan pada OKTI
II/2011 terbagi ke dalam lima kategori keilmuan, yaitu kategori
A ilmu sosial, pendidikan dan humaniora, kategori B Tekhnologi
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Informatika dan Elektronik, kategori C Percepatan Pembangunan


Ekonomi, Pengembangan Wilayah dan Lingkungan, ketegori D
Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Masyarakat dan ketegori E Inovasi
Ilmu Pengetahuan, Tekhnologi, Ketahanan Pangan dan Energi.
Kategori Ilmu Sosial, Pendidikan dan Humaniora
mengedepankan pentingnya (1) perbaikan Sumber Daya Manusia
Indonesia seperti kajian terhadap plagiarisme di kalangan pelajar,
(2) peningkatan efektifitas program pengurangan kemiskinan
dengan menggunakan pendekatan konvergensi untuk membidik
tepat sasaran daerah miskin, (3) pendekatan psikologis dalam
menangani permasalahan hukum Kekerasan Dalam Rumah Tangga
(KDRT), dan (4) pemahaman kembali secara epistemologis atas
sinergi multidisiplin dalam penyelesaian masalah bangsa.
Kategori Teknologi Informatika dan Elektronik mengangkat
beberapa tema seperti pentingnya (1) penanganan kemacetan
di kota besar di Indonesia salah satunya dengan pendekatan
Smart Car System, (2) penggunaan sistem jaringan informatika
berupa Service Oriented Architecture dalam meningkatkan kualitas
pelayanan rumah sakit dan (3) aplikasi teknologi Virtual Reality
yang dimungkinkan untuk pelestarian kawasan dan bangunan
bersejarah di Indonesia.
Kategori Percepatan Pembangunan Ekonomi, Pengembangan
Wilayah dan Lingkungan mengedepankan pentingnya (1)
pencitraan wilayah dengan mengangkat ciri khas sebuah wilayah
dalam rangka peningkatan pertumbuhan ekonomi yang berujung
pada peningkatan kesejahteraan rakyat dan (2) pengawasan
lingkungan dengan menggunakan penerapan Indeks Kualitas
Lingkungan (IKL) untuk mendukung pembangunan pada tingkat
daerah dan nasional.
Kategori Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Masyarakat mengangkat
tema mengenai percepatan penapisan senyawa antiparasit
indigenous dari Indonesia untuk pengobatan dengan
menggunakan pendekatan teknologi seperti High-Performance
Liquid Chromatography (HPLC).
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Kategori Inovasi Ilmu Pengetahuan, Teknologi, Ketahanan


Pangan dan Energi mengedepankan pentingnya beberapa tema.
Bidang Inovasi Ilmu Pengetahuan dan Teknologi mengangkat
tema mengenai (1) pengembangan desain informasi ergonomis
berbasis teknologi Eye Tracking yang dapat diaplikasikan dalam
bidang ilmu berbasis visual seperti pendidikan dan marketing, (2)
modifikasi bambu sebagai sustainable material untuk mendukung
kebutuhan kayu, serta (3) penerapan pemodelan air tanah
dalam rangka memahami potensi dan prediksi hidrogeologis
untuk sistem air tanah berbasis cekungan. Bidang Ketahanan
Pangan mengemukakan pentingnya (1) diversifikasi pangan
dari pengenalan umbi porang (Amorphophallus muelleri Blume)
sebagai potensi pangan lokal hingga produksi bakteri probiotiok
menggunakan medium lokal berbasis ubi jalar, (2) keberlanjutan
penerapan bioteknologi untuk percepatan produksi pangan dan
pemuliaan tanaman lokal Indonesia seperti cabe. Bidang Energi
mengusung tema (1) penerapan model Stochastic Graphical Matrix
untuk pengambilan keputusan dalam merencanakan skema energi
terbarukan untuk Indonesia serta (2) analisis cermat terhadap
inovasi bahan bakar terbarukan menggunakan ganggang mikro
di Indonesia.

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ABSTRAK PAPER
PEMENANG OKTI II/2011

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Pemuliaan dan Bioteknologi Tanaman


Cabai Sebagai Salah Satu Sayuran Utama
di Indonesia
Awang Maharijaya

PhD Candidate
Plant Research International
Wageningen University and Research Centrum
Droevendalsesteeg 1
6708 PB Wageningen
E-mail: awang.maharijaya@wur.nl

Abstract: Pepper (Capsicum) is one of the most produced


horticulture commodity in Indonesia as well as in the world
which can be used as both fresh or cooked vegetables, herbs, spicy,
pharmacy and other industries. Pepper production is constrained
by numerous stress caused by abiotic and biotic agents which can
led to decrease in production quantity and quality. Utilization
of resistance varieties is more reliable and efficient. This can be
achieved by performing many breeding programs to produce new
resistant peppe varieties. Rapid development of new pathogen
strains and insect herbivore biotypes had forced plant-breeding
program to be conducted as fast and as efficient as possible.
Advances in plant biotechnology may help to speed up plantbreeding program through integration of both technologies.
Keywords: Capsicum, stress, abiotic, biotic

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Evaluasi Pertumbuhan Isolat Probiotik


(L. casei dan L. plantarum) dalam Medium
Fermentasi Berbasis Ubi Jalar (Ipomoea
batatas L.) Selama Proses Fermentasi
(Kajian jenis Isolat dan Jenis Tepung Ubi
Jalar)
Irma Sarita Rahmawati
M. Sc Candidate Applied Microbiology (Double Degree Program)
King Mongkuts University of Technology Thonbury Bangkok Thailand
and BrawijayaUniversity Malang Indonesia
Tel : +682139874025
E-mail : irmas86@gmail.com

Abstract: Sweet potatoes contain fibre components among other


fraction of oligosacharides that including raffinose, verbacose,
and stachyose, which have potency as prebiotic that content
of substrate capable to stimulate growth of probiotic bacteria.
Definition effect of sinbiotic is if prebiotic in natural digestion
fermented by good bacterium (such as Lactobacillus) yield
short chain fatty acid ( SCFA) especially acetate, propionate, and
butirate acid. L. casei is adaptive, and insulation from raw milk
product and fermented. Lactobacillus plantarum is also include
as probiotic bacteria. The aims of this research is to compare
viability of probiotic bacterias like Lactobacillus plantarum and
L. casei at fermented medium based on sweet potatoes flour and
to know how change of flour component of sweet potato from
three kinds of sweet potatoes during fermentation process. This
Research used two factors consist of 6 levels by 3 replication. First
factor is kind of probiotic bacterias (L.casei and L. plantarum)
and second factor is kind of sweet potato flour (white, yellow and
purple sweet potatoes flour). From that treatment obtained 18 set
of attempt. Data is analysed with ANOVA and BNT test with
5 % value. The best treatment is chosen by Multiple Attribute
method. Based on the result of this research shown that treatment
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of different kind of sweet potatoes flour in fermented medium


influence to the viability of Lactobacillus casei and Lactobacillus
plantarum during fermentation process. Different kind of sweet
potato flour has different significance (1 % value) for the acidity
(pH), total acid, total BAL, starch content and reductive sugar.
Different kind of probiotic bacterias has difference significance
(1 % value) for the acidity (pH), total acid, total BAL, total
sugar, crude fibre, reductive sugar and total N and (5 % value)
for starch content. Different kind of sweet potato flour and
probiotic bacterias has a different significance (1 % value) for
the acidity (pH), total acid, total BAL, and reductive sugar. The
best treatment according to the chemical and microbiological
parameter is fermented medium that consist of purple sweet
potato flour (10%b/v) fermented by L. plantarum, with the total
value of Lactobacillus plantarum 1,55x1010 cfu/ml, total acid 0,953
%, acidity (pH) 4,267, total sugar 1,647 %, starch content 2,567
%, crude fibre 0,066 %, reductive sugar 3,139 %, and total N
0,023 %.
Keywords: Sweet Potato Flour, Fermented Medium, Lactobacillus
casei, Lactobacillus plantarum

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Analisa Bahan Bakar Terbarukan Dari


Ganggang Mikro: Potensi Bagi Dunia Dan
Kesempatan Bagi Indonesia
Vidia Paramita

Masters of Science,
School of Chemical
and Biomolecular
Engineering
Cornell University
2160 Snee Hall
Ithaca, New York,
USA 14853
Tel: +1 (713) 517
7010
E-mail: paramita.
vidia@gmail.com

Bekerjasama dengan:
Michael Johnson,
PhD, Massachusetts
Institute of
Technology
&
Michael Franke,
Masters of
Engineering, Cornell
University

Profesor
pembimbing:

Prof. Jefferson W.
Tester
David Croll Chair,
Sustainable Energy
Systems
Associate Director,
Cornell Center for a
Sustainable Future

Cornell University,
Ithaca, NY 14853

Abstract: In recent years, research on biofuels produced from


microalgae has rapidly developed to find novel ways of producing
liquid fuels sustainably. The potential of using microalgae as fuel
feedstock stems mainly from its high growth rate and its ability
to be grown in infertile land without the need to use fresh water.
Despite some promising advantages,at this nascent stage of the
industry, it is unclear whether microalgal biofuel will be a viable
alternative fuel due to many unknown factors and its immature
technology. This study uses the life cycle analysis (LCA)
methodology to assess the energetic and environmental benefits
of microalgal biofuel. LCA is coupled with sensitivity analysis and
Monte Carlo simulations to ensure that many uncertainties in
the process are captured. With this method, we would be able
to determine the bottlenecks in the process train and suggest
improvements and areas at which more research works should
be focused on. In Indonesia, there has not been a lot of ongoing
research in this field, although the country has high potential
to realize this concept in terms of natural resources availability.
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Microalgal biofuel potentials are compared to Indonesias current


main producer of biofuel which is palm oil to determine if it could
be a promising alternative for future biofuel production. Resource
assessment is also conducted as a method to foresee the viability
of its implementation in Indonesia.
Keywords: ganggang mikro, energi biomasa, life cycle analysis, Monte
Carlo,ketahanan energi

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ABSTRAK PAPER
FINALIS OKTI II/2011

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Potensi Umbi Porang (Amorphophallus


muelleri Blume) sebagai Pangan
Fungsional untuk Menunjang Ketahanan
Pangan Indonesia
Ahmad Thontowi1, Mochammad Gerry Yudha2 dan
Prihastabrata Putranto2

Institut of Biochemistry, University of Greifswald, Felix-HausdorffStrae 4, 17487 Greifswald, Jerman, 2)Human Biology, University of
Greifswald, Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Strae 15a, 17489 Greifswald,
Jerman

1)

Abstract: Food security is an great importance issue in the world.


The efforts to strengthen it are with diversify the type and food
consumption. Currently, foods are not intended only for satisfy
the hunger but also to provide necessary nutrients for human, it
prevents nutrition-related diseases, improve physical and mental
well-being of the consumers. Furthermore, functional foods play
an outstanding role and one of the food component that can be
utilized as a functional food is oligosaccharide. Oligosaccharide is
a functional simple sugar that consisting 2-10 monomers and has
benefits as a prebiotic, increasing calcium absorption, increase
body immunity, anti-cancer compounds, anti-aging, antioxidant,
low in calories and rich in fiber, it suitable for a diet for diabetics.
One source of oligosaccharide is porang tuber (Amorphophallus
muelleri Blume). Porang is a local plant that contains high mannan
carbohydrate in the tuber. The communityis still minimalin
consuming the tuber, nonetheless the porang tuber will give
great value by producing it oligosaccharide. Oligosaccharide can
be used as a functional food components in the food industry and
pharmacy by biotechnology methods. Mannan was hydrolyzed
became the oligosaccharide by using mananase enzyme. Several
research results indicates that enzymatic reaction has the potential
improvement to developed as a functional food-based industries.
The local foods that have better function value will be increasing
sales and competitiveness. This situation will enhance the success
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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

of food diversification programme, the nutritional quality and


strength of food security.
Keywords: Amorphophallus muelleri Blume, functional food, food
diversification, Food security

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Sinergi Ajaran Agama Islam dan Pancasila


dalam Memperbaiki Sistem Pendidikan
Indonesia
Aqdi Rofiq Asnawi

Licentiate Candidate
Islamic University of al-Madinah
al-Munawwaroh
Unit 6, PO Box 170, Kingdom of
Saudi Arabia
Telp: +966566326784
E-mail: aqdi_2008@yahoo.com

Mohammad Ridlo

Licentiate Candidate
Islamic University of al-Madinah
al-Munawwaroh
Unit 8, PO Box 170, Kingdom of
Saudi Arabia
Telp: +966540724427
E-mail: ridlo4hamed@ymail.com

Abstract: Education is the foundation of a countrys national


development. It influences the process of all aspects of
development. It is also the main asset toward a developed country.
As a big country and still in the development process, Indonesia
should be supported by a high quality education, so it can compete
with other countries. But, nowadays, Indonesia has problems due
to the problems in educational system. The educational system
itself is considered as the root of various problems faced by this
country, such as corruption, terrorism and violent conflict.
This paper describes how the best way to improve Indonesias
education system is, namely by combining the Islamic teaching
and Pancasila. For some people, both of them are often considered
as the two contradictory things. But, this paper outlines the
cooperation between these two contradictory things in various
aspects. The potentials of the Islamic teaching and Pancasila
to improve the educational system of Indonesia are explicitly
described at the beginning of this paper. It continues to the
three main programs as manifestations of the synergy of Islamic
teaching and Pancasila.
Realizing a right orientation of education, character building and
teachers quality development are three main programs proclaimed
in this paper. Each one consists of a comprehensive study of the
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synergy form of Islamic teachings and Pancasila, and influences


that possibly emerge. This paper does not only study the theories,
but also recommends the steps needed to be carried out by related
parties to improve education system of Indonesia.
Keywords: education system, Islamic teaching, Pancasila.

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Service Oriented Architecture, Untuk


Mewujudkan Excelent Service Bidang
Kesehatan (Rumah Sakit) Di Indonesia
Aries Muslim

PhD Candidate Informatique,


Le2i-UMR CNRS 5158
Groupe Database & Web
Semantique
Universit de Bourgogne
9 Av. Alain Savary 21078 Dijon
Telp : +33686736537
E-mail : aries.muslim@etu.ubourgogne.fr; amuslim@staff.
gunadarma.ac.id

Cut Maisyarah Karyati

PhD Candidate Informatique,


Le2i-UMR CNRS 5158 Groupe
Imagerie Mdicale
Universit de Bourgogne
9 Av. Alain Savary 21078 Dijon
Telp. +33640143094
E-mail: maisyarah.karyati@ubourgogne.fr; csyarah@staff.
gunadarma.ac.id

Abstract: Health information system is a complex system. Health


information system must be uptodate, valid, reliable, and still
uphold the level of security and user convenience. Indonesian
government, in this regard the President through the Minister of
Health has launched a program HEALTHY INDONESIAN 2015,
which made the referral health care system as a basis for action to
a patient in receiving health care. In this paper will discuss about
Service Oriented Architecture which is a mix of WEB Service
Architecture, Business Planning, and Returns the significantly of
Invesment value and the high level of costumer satisfaction. In the
other side, It will also discuss the concept of excellent services as
one of the milestones to be achived by a public institution to gain
recognition as an institution Clean Governance. In the end of
this paper we will be presented architecture-based Health Service
with SOA in Indonesia, which the final goal is the realization of
architecture as an integrated hospital information system service,
sustainable and low cost.
Keywords: Service Oriented Architecture, Excellent Services, Sistem
Informasi Rumah Sakit
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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Meninjau Dan Menemukan Kembali


Wilayah Epistemologis Sebuah Sinergi
Multidisiplinaritas
Bambang Alfred Sipayung

Master of Arts in Development Studies


Specialization: Conflict Reconstruction and Human Security
Institute of Social Studies Eramus University
Kortenaerkade 12
2518 AX The Hague, The Netherlands
E-mail: ba5690@iss.nl

Abstract: A sinergy of multi-disciplines oftern starts with


an interest and a a response of a certain social situation. In
that context, sinergy often assumes ahistorically about an
epistemological and methodological domination of a certain
knowledge or science. This article intends to put the historical,
conflictual and search for epistemological domain by taking into
consideration critically the historical model of domination in the
Indonesian students sinergy. The article argues that there is a
need for historical understanding to find again the dormant and
oppressed epistemological domain repressed by the influence of
power and domination.
Keywords: ilmu pengetahuan, dominasi, multidisiplinaritas, kritik,
epistemologi

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Pengambilan Keputusan Berbasis Risiko


Dengan Aplikasi Stochastic Graphical
Matrix Model Pada Pemilihan Skema
Energi Terbarukan Berdasarkan Konsep
Pembangunan Berkelanjutan
Jui-Sheng Chou, P.E., Ph.D.

Associate Professor.
Department of Construction
Engineering,
National Taiwan University of
Science and Technology (Taiwan
Tech).
43 Sec.4, Keelung
Rd.,Taipei,106, Taiwan
Phone: +886-2-2737-6321
Fax:+886-2-2737-6606
E-mail: jschou@mail.ntust.edu.
tw

Citra Satria Ongkowijoyo

Master of Science in
Engineering, Graduate Research
Assistant.
Department of Construction
Engineering,
National Taiwan University of
Science and Technology (Taiwan
Tech)
43 Sec.4, Keelung
Rd.,Taipei,106,Taiwan
Phone: +886-975-729-479
E-mail: m9805816@mail.ntust.
edu.tw

Abstract: A sustainability enhancement is generally measurable


by its environmental, economic, and socio-cultural effects. To
apply this concept, this study developed and empirically tested
a risk-based method for evaluating renewable energy policy. The
proposed graphical matrix approach coupled with Monte Carlo
simulation identifies and measures critical performance indicators
at an acceptance level of reliability when comparing alternative
renewable energy schemes. The mathematical model reliably
prioritizes alternatives by majority voting to address uncertainty
in the multi-criteria decision making process. Compared to
conventional deterministic method, the stochastic approach
provides more reliable estimation accuracy, decision quality, and
efficiency in sustainable and renewable energy decision making.
Keywords: Multi-criteria decision making; Monte Carlo simulation;
graph theory; stochastic processes; reliability; renewable energy.
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Pengembangan Energi Angin Pada


Building Integrated Wind Turbines
Untuk Mengatasi Krisis Energi Di Daerah
Perkotaan Di Indonesia
Dany Perwita Sari

Staff Peneliti Lab. Konstruksi, UPT Balai Penelitian dan


Pengembangan Biomaterial LIPI
Mahasiswa Pasca Sarjana, Teknik Angin, Jurusan Teknik Aristektur,
Wonkwang University Korea Selatan
E-mail : dany.perwita.sari@lipi.go.id, dany.perwitasari@gmail.com

Abstract: Energy crises in Indonesia nowadays become global


issues in recent years which make alternative energy becomes more
necessary than fossil fuels which limited availability. Indonesian
Government policy to develop nuclear energy (PLTN) seems
to be reviewing after seeing the negative effects of Fukushima,
Japan, nuclear accident. Wind energy is one of the most mature
renewable technologies, cheap, secure and environment friendly.
The use of wind generation in urban environments has increased
in scale in recent years and provides significant potential. There
has been an increasing interest in BIWT (Building Integrated
Wind Turbine) which becomes New Icon of Green Building
in urban area. This paper will introduce BIWT as a solution
for energy crises in Indonesia. However, to employ BIWT, it is
important to design the building shape (aerodynamic building)
and wind turbine location carefully to increase wind velocity.
Some of numerous design forms of BIWT will be explained in
this paper using CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) analysis
to find the most effective BIWT design in urban area and then
validate using wind tunnel experiment. This paper does not focus
as much on the direct comparison of the CFD/Wind-tunnel
experiment results, but the guidance that the results lead to.
The result shows that, building energy can be optimized through
aerodynamic building design and wind turbine position to get the
maximum wind power for building energy consumption.
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Keywords: Energy Crises, Building Integrated Wind Turbines, CFD


Analysis, Wind Tunnel Experiment, Wind Velocity

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Pengembangan Desain Informasi


Ergonomis Berbasis Teknologi Eye
Tracking
Dian Kemala Putri

PhD Candidate
Universit de Bourgogne
LEAD/CNRS-UMR5022 Pole AAFE, Esplanade Erasme, 21065
Dijon, France
Telp: +3367363853
E-mail : diankemala.putri@u-bourgogne.fr

Abstract: Eye tracking is a technique to determine eye movement


and fixation patterns of a persons eyes. Recording and analyzing
eye movements may allow researchers to better understand how
the subject comprehends the information visually.
Many studies has been done by using an eye tracking technology
in scientific fields, especially in the study of computer and human
interaction, usability, and also in learning a complex system. This
paper aims to present eye tracking technology and its use as an aid
in designing ergonomic information. Research was carried out by
designing a format the presentation of information in static and
animated performance. It based on an eye tracking technology
as a tool of analysis in designing ergonomic information. Eye
movements are captured during the format of presentation and
three indicators level of the system integration were defined:
configuration, local kinematics and functional mental model.
The eye tracking data indicated that the learners were more
focus on dual format than single format presentation. Eye
tracking offers a unique measure of human attentional behavior
and it is particularly important in evaluating present and future
environments in which humans do and will work.
Keywords : eye tracking, display, information, ergonomic

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Smart Car System To Reducing The Car


Distance In Solve To Exceed Big Cities
Jammed In Indonesia
Dimas Okky Anggriawan

Fourth semester
Sepuluh nopember institute of technology
Sidokerso RT:37 RW:16 troketon pedan klaten, jawa
tengah,indonesia
Telp: 085642310707
E-mail : genjuz_09@yahoo.co.id

Abstract: Nowadays the problem of jammed in the big cities in


Indonesia become a serious problem for the government and
Indonesia peoples. Its because of the loss of the giant jammed. Dr.
Firdaus Ali, Msc (the environment expert, UI Technic Faculty
) said in Jakarta the loss of total estimate from the thump of
jammed reached Rp. 28,1 billion (www.kompas.com, 2010).
While according survey that done by PT Pomintori, the jammed
in Jakarta can lead the loss about Rp. 48 billion per year. The
jammed grade in the big cities in Indonesia is already in the
anxious level.
The government actually has taken the steps of strategy to solve
this jammed problem like ATCS ( Area Control Center System )
that is a system to coordinate the traffic that can manage traffic
area by coordinate with branch off the road, adding the road,
making monorail and making underground train but it is not be
able to solve the jammed of the big city in Indonesia. Research
provider traffic data its name Inrix di Amerika conclude that
reducing 3 percent by car users will decrease jammed level until
30 percent. Its very effective than decrease jammed level until 30
percent by street expansion it certain will spend very much cost.
Therefore, Smart Car system come to solve the jammed of the
big cities in Indonesia.
This Smart Car system has more in cultivate the distance of
the car data that is by using microcontroller and handphone.
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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Microcontroller is a chip that functioned to control electronic


tools and can save the inside program. The main overloaded from
microcontroller there is flash memory, RAM and I/O tools to
complete so microcontroller easy to control electronic tools.
In the new car has sensor tools to detect rotation and result of the
detect sensor rotation is found data to know distance of the car
that usually name ECU (Electronic Control Unit). Usually that
data is appeared in the speedometer. The data that is found by
ECU (Electronic Control Unit) will cultivate microcontroller and
then microcontroller order handphone to send sms that contain
the car data distance to handphone in car tax center. Car tax
center is a central data of a car distance so there is a computer to
save data of a car distance. Car tax center is built by government
to give fine if the car users in a day pass the maximum car distance
that has disserve by government. This Smart car system is expected
be able to reduce the distance every car users until 30 percent so
the jammed level in big cities in Indonesia will decrease until 300
percent and finally there is not jammed again in Indonesia.

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Studi Konvergensi Absolut Dan Tingkat


Dispersi Pada Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Di
Indonesia
Dyah Wulan Sari

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Abstract: Percentage of poor regions in Indonesia can be said


relatively high. On the other hand, a relatively high economic
growth was also not able to reduce the percentage of poor regions.
Many poverty reduction programs carried out but have not
provided meaningful results. Therefore this study aims to identify
the lagging regions in Indonesia in order to that the poverty
reduction programs can be started from those regions. The
mapping can be viewed through the convergence rate of gross
regional domestic product (GRDP) per capita growth and the
level of dispersion. The result of this study states that most of the
regions/provinces in Indonesia can not catch up. Twenty-six of
thirty provinces in Indonesia indicates that their GRDP per capita
are divergence and fifteen provinces have increasing dispersion.
This means that the twenty-six provinces have difficulty to catch
up. In addition, an increased despersion level indicates unequal
GRDP distribution. In contrast, only four provinces, namely
Jambi, South Sumatra, Lampung and West Java that their growth
of GRDP per capita show convergence and can catch up and the
only province of West Java that the level of dispersion showed a
declining tendency.
Keywords: Convergence of absolute, dispersion, economic growth.

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Psikologi dalam Penegakan Hukum:


Menjabarkan Bentuk dan Dampak
Kekerasan Psikis
Ester Lianawati

PhD Candidate
Sciences de lHomme et de la
Socit
Universit de Rouen
Btiment Honegger 419
Cit Universitaire du Panorama
Boulevard Andr Siegfried- B.P.
218
76130 Mont Saint Aignan
Telp: +33671332594
E-mail: ester.lianawati@etu.
univ-rouen.fr, esterlianawati@
yahoo.com

Kristi Poerwandari

Professor and Head of


Department of
Women Studies
Universitas Indonesia
Jl. Salemba Raya No.4
Telp: +62213160788
E-mail: k.poerwandari@gmail.
com

Abstract: For better implementation of the Law on the Eradication


of Domestic Violence (no 23/2004), the research examines how
can psychological violence be clearly defined and operasionalized
in the legal process. The research integrates interviews and FGD
to resource persons (survivors, legal workers, social workers,
psychologists, and law enforcers), and textual analysis of domestic
violence laws from other countries. The result indicates detail
dimensions of psychological violence, ranging from devaluing
and humiliating, neglecting, implementing double-standard,
threatening, inconsistent behavior, slandering, exploitation of
emotions, damaging property, and depriving others of freedom
and rights. In accord with the law that psychological violence
is defined from its effects, this research also concretized these
impacts. Urgent measures are to implement restraining orders and
protection of survivors, psychological counseling to perpetrators
and alternative solutions other than imprisonment. The research
result is condensed in pocket book of guideline to operationalize
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psychological violence to handle domestic violence, completed


with interview guide, principles in handling domestic violence,
discussion of other solutions (other than imprisonment), and
some cases to study , intended to legal enforcers, namely the
police, prosecutors and judges.
Keywords: psychological violence, psychological impact, domestic
violence, Law on domestic violence

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Adopsi Teknologi Rekayasa Genetika


Untuk Tanaman Pangan Di Negara-Negara
Berkembang: Suatu Studi Perbandingan
Fittonia Elgina

Master program of Cellular and Molecular Biotechnology


Southern Federal University
Balshaya Sadovaya St. 105/42
344006 Rostov on Don, Russia
Telp : +79885861481
E-mail : fittonia.el@gmail.com

Abstract: Food sustainability has become an actual topic of


discussion through these years as the worlds population continues
to grow. The demands of food are increasing by year while the
productivity of crops to provide those demands is not increasing
on the same rate. Such problem is also seen in Indonesia, for
example in the case of rice demand and productivity. Hunger and
poverty are increasing in the world, part of it are caused by the
increasing prices of food. To solve this problem, an alternative
approach to improve agricultural production is needed. The
technology of genetic engineering to create transgenic food crops
can be one of the alternatives. This technology has been adopted
by several developing countries, but not included Indonesia.
In this paper, the result of the technologys adoption in three
developing countries- Brazil, Philippines, and South Africa, were
discussed. The result showed a significant positive impact on the
social-economy aspect in those three countries, but also indicates
the presence of some social-ecological problems. This paper also
discussed the perspective of adopting this technology by Indonesia.
It was concluded that this technology has big potential to bring
benefits for Indonesia, although improvement and development
in the research, biosafety, and regulation activities for this field
are much needed.
Keywords: Transgenic crop, biotechnology, genetic engineering,
Indonesia, developing countries
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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Penggunaan Strategi Politik oleh


Transnational Corporations Dalam
Mempengaruhi Hasil Akhir Sengketa Hukum:
Studi Kasus di Indonesia*
Iman Prihandono

Ph.D Candidate
Room 343, Building W3A, School of Law
Macquarie University, Balaclava Road, North Ryde, NSW 2109,
Australia
Telp: +61 2 98504274
E-mail: iman.prihandono@mq.edu.au

Abstrak: Transnational corporations (TNC) in Indonesia apply


three political strategies to safeguard their interest against possible
unfavorable decisions by Indonesian courts. These strategies
include (1) the exit threat; (2) home government pressure; and
(3) political partner. This paper discusses how extensively the use
of political strategies by TNCs has influenced judicial decisions.
The results of cases where the interests of TNC conflict with
the public interest are also examined. This article present five
court cases: four which have TNC as actual defendants and one,
recent case which could seriously affect the interests of TNC.
These cases were examined according to three periods of judicial
reform in Indonesia: the reform attempts in 1999, 2004, and
2009. The court decisions and other facts surrounding the cases
indicate that TNC may have actively applied political strategies
in order to influence government policy in all five cases. The
governments position in these cases had therefore affected the
courts decisions and contributed to determine the results of
the cases. Furthermore, Indonesias lack of an independent and
credible judiciary has been the main reason that has allowed the

* Tulisan ini adalah draft awal dari artikel dengan judul Political strategies of
transnational corporations and judicial decisions: a case study of Indonesia, dan
akan diterbitkan kedalam jurnal ilmiah. Isi dari tulisan ini hanya dapat dikutip
dengan persetujuan dari penulis.
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government to interfere in or influence court decisions. This, in


turn, provides strong incentives for TNC to use political strategies
in cases where their interests are at stake.
Keywords: transnational corporations, strategi politik, kekuasaan
kehakiman

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Inovasi Mesin Pembuat Beras Untuk


Kebutuhan Kesehatan dan Pemenuhan Gizi
Masyarakat Dengan Kebutuhan Khusus
Iwan
Harianton

PhD Candidate
Institute
for Product
Engineering,
Department of
Transportation
Systems &
Logistics
Universitat
Duisburg Essen
3-9 Keetmanstr
47058
Duisburg Germany

Ayi Ruswandi Yuliadi Erdan Arief Fadillah

Senior Lecture Senior Lecture Technician in


& Researcher
& Researcher Product Desain
in Product
in Mechatronic
Engineering
Engineering
Engineering
Politeknik
Politeknik
Politeknik
Manufaktur
Manufaktur
Manufaktur
Bandung
Bandung
Bandung
Jl. Kanayakan
Jl. Kanayakan
Jl. Kanayakan
No. 21
No. 21
No. 21
Bandung 40135
Bandung 40135 Bandung 40135
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia

Abstract: Dari hasil penelitian HKI-DIKTI tahun 2010, paper ini


disiapkan sebagai publikasi aktual dalam meningkatkan kualitas
pangan nasional. Benar, kuantitas beras telah menunjukan
angka yang stabil yaitu sebesar 28-30 juta ton per tahun, dari
sekitar 2 juta hektar sawah di Indonesia yang dapat memberikan
kecukupan persediaan pangan sebanyak 0,33 kg beras per hari
per orang Indonesia. Tetapi ternyata kecukupan kuantitas
belum dibarengi dengan kajian kualitas sehingga berpotensi
negatif terhadap angka kesehatan nasional yang ditandai dengan
meningkatnya penderita penyakit Diabetes dengan usia penderita
yang cenderung lebih muda. Dari penelitian awal kami, ternyata
beras diolah dengan proses pecah kulit diikuti pemutih bahkan
ada grinding yang membuat beras benar-benar putih, tetapi
kandungan gizinya berisi karbohidrat sementara vitamin B
komplek yang diperlukan tubuh justru terbuang menjadi dedak
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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

halus. Sehingga, dengan pola konsumsi orang Indonesia, angka


penderita Diabetes akan terus meningkat. Penelitian terkait telah
dilakukan di Universitas Gajah Mada untuk komposisi beras gizi
seimbang, tetapi rekayasa mesin pembuatnya masih belum ada.
Desain produk mesin ini menghasilkan beras melalui adonan
pasta, sehingga komposisi beras dapat diatur sesuai dengan
kebutuhan gizi tubuh. Mesin ini menghasilkan beras dari bahan
tepung-tepungan dengan komposisi gizi unggul termasuk beras
lembut, tepung sagu, tepung singkong, tepung sukun ditambah
dengan zat gizi lain yang bermanfaat bagi tubuh. Bahkan dengan
adonan tertentu kandungan proteinpun dapat dimasukan sebagai
unsur nutrisi penting bagi kecukupan gizi. Sehingga, beras dari
mesin ini tidak hanya dapat mengatasi masalah peningkatan
penderita Diabetes, tetapi juga sangat cocok untuk penyediaan
pangan untuk penanggulangan bencana, recovery gizi buruk dan
penyedia makanan khusus para atlet.
Kata kunci: Desain mesin, pengaduk, ekstrusi pasta, rol
pembentuk, pengering, sistem kendali dan adonan beras sehat.

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Indeks Kualitas Lingkungan Dan


Pembangunan Berkelanjutan Di Indonesia
Meilanie Buitenzorgy

PhD Candidate
Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics,
Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources
101 Wallace Theatre Basement, Science Road,
The University of Sydney, NSW 2006Australia
Telp:+61 2 9351 4903; Fax: +61 2 9351 4953
E-mail: mbui8197@uni.sydney.edu.au

Abstract: Environmental Quality Index (EQI) is a very useful


tool to reduce a set of environmental indicators to a simpler form
but still retains the essence of the state of the environment. The
construction of Indonesia EQI is important to assist developing
a comprehensive review on environmental condition both in
national and regional level. The Indonesia EQI framework
is a modification of the framework of Yales Environmental
Performance Index. EQI is divided to two objectives: public health
and ecosystem vitality. Due to the problem of data availability,
at the end, there are only eight indicators employed to establish
the EQI. Each indicator is weighted by adopting the Yales
Environmental Performance Index weight formulation. EPIs
weights are subjectively decided based on opinion of experts who
works in the specific environmental area. Result at the province
level shows that East Kalimantan, Banten, and North Sulawesi
are the highest EQI performers, while Central Java has the lowest
EQI. Although the Indonesian national EQI stayed at a similar
score of 76 in the year of 2006 and 2007, an alarming indication
of an environmentally unsustainable development exists.
Keywords: Indeks Kualitas Lingkungan, kesehatan publik, vitalitas
ekosistem, pembangunan berkelanjutan, EPI

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Modifikasi Bambu sebagai Sustainable


Material Melalui Sustainable Technology
dan Non-Toxic Chemicals : Studi Sorption
Isotherm, FSP dan Data Kesetimbangan Fasa
Silviana 1

PhD Candidate
Feststoffverfahrenstechnik
Institut fur Thermo- und
Fluiddynamik
Fakultt fur Maschinenbau
Ruhr-Universitt Bochum
Gebude IB6/33
Universittstrasse 150, 44810
Bochum, Deutschland
Telp: +49 (0)234 32-264375
E-mail: silviana@fvt.rub.de

Muhammad Iman Santoso2

Dr-Ing. Candidate
Universitt Duisburg&Essen
Fakultt fr
Ingenieurwissenschaften
Institut fr Produkt Engineering
Transportsysteme und &logistik
Keetmanstrae 3&9, Duisburg
SK Building & Room 008
Telp: +49 203 379&7702
Telp&fax: +49 203 379&3048
E-mail:
muhammad.santoso@stud.unidue.de

Abstract: The demand for wood in Indonesia is much higher


than the supplies offered. One reason is the steadily decreasing
forest areas in Indonesia. Bamboo has a big potential as another
ligno-cellulosic stuffs become wood substitutes in Indonesian. The
same as wood, bamboo has several drawbacks, i.e short durability
against water and temperature due to its hydroxyl group content.
Research is therefore focused on sustainable technologies and
non-toxic approaches to improve the durability of bamboo culms,
i.e using supercritical CO2, acetic anhydride, vegetables oil and
derivatives through acetylation and mixed esterification reactions.
In this research used three kinds of bamboo from Indonesia, i.e
Dendrocalamus asper, Giganthlocoa robusta Kurz, dan Bambusa
arundinacea. The objectives of the part of this research are to
obtain properties of bamboo before treatment further, i.e. sorption
isotherm curves and Fiber Saturation Point, to obtain the phase
equilibrium data for supercritical CO2 -vegetable oils systems.
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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Kajian Perilaku Plagiarisme


Mahasiswa Indonesia
Sony Kusumasondjaja

PhD Candidate in Marketing


Curtin University
Perth WA 6086 Australia
Tel : +61401727341
E-mail : sony.kusumasondjaja@
postgrad.curtin.edu.au

Dian Ekowati

PhD Candidate in Management


University of York
York YO105GD United
Kingdom
Tel : +447545273134
E-mail : de515@york.ac.uk

Abstract: This exploratory paper investigates some issues


regarding the plagiarism behavior amongst Indonesian university
students. There were more than 400 Indonesian undergraduate
students studying at three leading Indonesian universities and
four Australian universities participating in this study. In-depth
interviews with Indonesian academics teaching at university level
in Australia and UK were also conducted. Findings implied that
different meanings and boundaries of plagiarism behavior were
perceived by students. It was also informed the most frequent
ways used by students when conducting plagiarism and the
underlying factors were found to drive the cheating behavior.
There is a difference between Indonesian students studying in
Indonesia and in Australia regarding how they perceive plagiarism
and whether or not they plagiarize. Findings from the interview
suggest several factors contributing to plagiarism behavior among
Indonesian students.
Keywords: plagiarisme, pendidikan, perilaku mahasiswa, Indonesia,
Australia

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

HPLC-Based Profiling untuk Penentuan


Senyawa Aktif dari Produk Bahan Alam
Secara Cepat dan Sederhana Penapisan
Antiparasit untuk Pengobatan Penyakit
Tropis
Tasqiah Julianti

PhD Candidate
Institute of Pharmaceutical Biology
Universitat Basel
Pharmazentrum
Klingelbergstrasse 50
4056, CH-Basel
Tel : +41 612671637
E-mail : tasqiah.julianti@unibas.ch

Abstrak: Kami terapkan proses pencarian produk bioaktif


alami dari cara konvensional yang panjang dan relatif kompleks
menjadi suatu proses yang lebih singkat dan penggunaan material
penelitian yang lebih sedikit melalui pembuatan perpustakaan
larutan ekstrak terfokus dan penerapan HPLC-based activity
profiling. Pada pencarian senyawa aktif sebagai antiparasit dari 300
macam ekstrak dalam perpustakaan larutan ekstrak yang berasal
dari tanaman Afrika Selatan, dapat ditentukan ekstrak yang
paling berpotensi untuk diteliti lebih lanjut melalui konfirmasi
uji biologis in vitro menjadi hanya pada 3 macam ekstrak dan
mengeliminasi sebagian besar ekstrak yang tidak kurang poten.
Sedangkan penerapan HPLC-based activity profiling pada ekstrak
aktif etil asetat akar Saussurea costus sebagai antitrypanosoma
memungkinkan identifikasi senyawa aktif costunolide dan
dehydrocostuslactone dalam ekstrak secara langsung dan lebih
akurat. Metode ini merupakan pendekatan yang efisien, baik
dalam pembuktian konsep keaktifan suatu ekstrak maupun
penentuan senyawa aktif ekstrak.
Kata kunci: Obat tradisional, perpustakaan larutan ekstrak terfokus,
HPLC-based activity profiling, antiparasit, antitrypanosomal in vitro.
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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Aplikasi Pemodelan Aliran Airtanah


Dalam Konsep Pengelolaan Air tanah
Berbasis Cekungan
Thomas Triadi Putranto

PhD Candidate
Institute of Hydrogeology
RWTH Aachen University Germany
Lochnerstr. 4-20, 52064 Aachen, Germany
Telp: +49 (0) 241 80 99776
E-mail: putranto@hydro.rwth-aachen.de

Abstract: Semarang urban and its suburban like other cities in


Indonesia have the problem about groundwater overexploitation
as an impact of increased urbanization. Groundwater modeling
is one of the main tools used in the hydrogeological sciences for
the assessment of the resource potential and prediction of future
impact. The presented study deals with concept of groundwater
basin and groundwater modeling also an example of integrated
study of groundwater modeling. Groundwater modeling studies in
Neckar Basin (Germany) is used to give a comprehensive study.
The model obtained a better understanding of groundwater
studies in a basin scale and also in urban area. Learning from the
comprehensive studies, an application of groundwater modeling
in Semarang Demak Basin was carried out to give a quantitative
assessment of the actual situation and to facilitate simulations
of the groundwater level in response to social and economic
demands. Understanding of natural systems and developing of
conceptual model are the stages of the research which currently
being done based on the geology, hydrogeology and hydrology
data.
Keywords: groundwater model, groundwater management, Semarang
Demak Basin

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Mengunggah Jati Diri BangsaMelalui


Pelestarian Kawasan dan Bangunan
Bersejarah Berbasis Teknologi VirtualReality
Yudi Nugraha Bahar

PhD Student, Universit de Bourgogne and Arts & Mtiers


ParisTech Institut Image,Equipe Gunzo - Rue Porte de Paris 71250
Cluny, France
Telp: +33602309823
E-mail: Yudi.NUGRAHA-BAHAR@ensam.eu

Abstract: Indonesia comprises the most extraordinary collections


of cultural heritage within various historical places. Those
heritage sites in all over Indonesia longingly present its own
spirit of place, genius loci, as perform on its unique artifacts, and
the communitys cultural resources. The legacy of Indonesian
collective past such as the built environment, artifacts, shrines
and temples, buildings and monuments, sites and districts from
the village to the center city are some significant heritages that
very important for our national identity.Unfortunately, many
heritage objects have been neglected towards the modernization.
The conservation of old and historic buildings could prove to be
difficult due to a lack of understanding of public. Public do not have
a proper understanding of the significance of conserving heritage
buildings and not aware of its integration possibilities with the
ICTs as did by developed countries. Moreover, many relevant ICT
developments in Indonesia are not specifically aimed for heritage
preservation, so that people or even researchers and professionals
may not be fully aware of the it developments and, therefore, are
unprepared to adopt and adapt to the new technologies on this
matter.
Virtual reality (VR) is a specific emerging technology that can
make a big difference on human thinking and highlighted to
illustrate the possible new paradigms of presenting the past. The
combination of interaction, immersion, and the digital computer
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make VR a unique medium for representing a building as well as


a town in a certain time.
Nowadays, VR offers many useful applications on building
conservation and preservation that has greater attention
from some governments, researchers and professionals. VR
represents a high-end technology that has an exciting and
explorative quality to complement more traditional methods
of building reconstruction. Increasingly it is developing into
a necessary component in architecture as tools to educate and
to afford opportunities to learn and even experience historical
environments, which for reasons of time and distance cannot be
experienced or learnt in an engaging and meaningful way. VRs
possible utility as a preservation tool derives from its potential to
create virtual experiences that people may accept as substitutes for
real visitation to a vanished and damaged building or threatened
sites.
This paper also describe a new approach technique to save
our heritages using an advanced type of VR technologies, to
introduced, to explored and to reveal its great potentials on
preservation of historical buildings and areas. As VR is further
integrated into conservation and preservation field new questions
and challenges clearly will emerge. It is anticipated that the
results from these innovation will enable everybody to deliver
new concept of preserving valuable heritage to our society across
the time, space and other boundaries with high efficiency and
great ease in the future.
Keywords: Bangunan bersejarah,Heritage,Virtual Reality

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56

Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

ABSTRAK PESERTA
OKTI II/2011

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Pengaruh Penambahan Starter


Lactobacillus Bulgaricus Dan
Streptococcus Thermophillus Serta Lama
Inkubasi Terhadap Sifat Fisik, Kimia Dan
Organoleptik Soyghurt
Addion Nizori

PhD Candidate Food chemistry


School of Applied Sciences, RMIT University
GPO Box 2476 V, VIC 3001, Australia
E-mail: addion.nizori@student.rmit.edu.au

Abstract: This research was carried out to study the effect


of Lactobacillus bulgaricus dan Streptococcus thermophillus
concentration and the length of incubation time on physics,
chemicals and sensory properties of fermented soymilk. The
experiment was used a completely random design with factorial,
1,2 and 3 % Lactobacillus bulgaricus dan Streptococcus thermophillus
concentration as a first factor and 3, 5, 7 hours of incubation
time as a second factor respectively. The result showed that
there was an interaction between Lactobacillus bulgaricus dan
Streptococcus thermophillus concentration and incubation time
on pH, Acid lactic total, total soluble solids, moisture content,
texture, taste, flavor and overall performance acceptability. In
general, 2% Lactobacillus bulgaricus dan Streptococcus thermophillus
concentration and 5 hour incubation was the best results based
on physics, chemicals and sensory properties.
Keywords: Fermented, soymilk and soyghurt

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Hak Asasi ManusiaDanKorupsi:


KasusIndonesiaDalam Mendamaikan
Universalism And Relativism
Agus Wahyudi

Northern Arizona University

Abstract: This essay is aimed to examine the two conflicting views


of the human rights and corruption nexus, and to reconstruct
an understanding of their relationships by drawing a lesson
from the phenomena of political corruption in Indonesia. It is
argued that the mainstreams views are more plausible than the
non-mainstream ones as the former is better able to explain the
relationship between human right and corruption by considering
both instrumental and intrinsic justification than the latter.
Moreover, while a dominant liberal human rights discourse is
applicable for understanding the corruption and the violations
of human rights in Indonesia given the Indonesias government
reception of a perfectionist state, it is suggested that the liberal
human rights discourse is less able to capture the true nature of
human rights violations and political corruption in Indonesia.
With this, we have attempted to find a balance between a
pretentious and unrealistic universalism on the one hand, and a
paralyzing cultural relativism, on the other hand, and at least, to
recognize that there seems to be a way, to bridge the gap between
the Western perceptions and non-Western ones with regard to
the issues of human rights and corruption.
Keywords: Human rights, corruption, universalism, relativism,
Indonesia

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Relationship Between Age and Density


of Bronchial Smooth Muscle Fibers In
Sprague-Dawley Rats At Age Neonates,
Adolescents, and Adults
Anissa Syafitri

Co-Assistant
Universitas Indonesia
Kostrad Raya Komplek Pusri No.A14 Jakarta Selatan 12260
Telp: 021-5853831
E-mail : anissa.syafitri@yahoo.co.id

Abstract : Age is a risk factor of degenerative lung diseases. As we


get older, bodys aging and loss some tissues, including in lungs.
Smooth muscle is one of the most important component of the
lung due to play a role in maintaining the function of compliance
and recoil that can run an optimal ventilation. This study aims
to determine relationship between age and density of bronchial
smooth muscle fibers at the age of the neonate, adolescent, and
adult in Sprague-Dawley rats used as experimental animals. The
design of this study was analytic cross-sectional. Smooth muscle
fiber density calculations performed at the Laboratory of the
Department of Histology Faculty of Medicine on May 16 until
30, 2011. Density is calculated by dividing the number of cells
with the large of area covered by smooth muscle fibers, and
then analyzed using Anova test. A total of 30 samples divided
into three groups according to age range: neonate, adolescent,
and adult. From the observations and calculations, it is found
that density of bronchial smooth muscle in the neonates group
is 910 cell/mm2, in adolescents is up to 1499 cell/mm2, and in
adults dropped to 1197 cell/mm2. Anova test resulting p value
at <0.001 which means that there are significant differences in
the density of bronchial smooth muscle fibers between the age
group of neonates-adolescents, adolescents-adults and neonatesadults. Therefore it can be concluded that there is a relationship
between age and density of bronchial smooth muscle fibers at the
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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

age of neonates, adolescents, and adults.


Keywords : smooth muscle density, intrapulmonar, Sprague-Dawley
rat, age, aging

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Study Of Tidal Power Utilization Potency


In Community-Based Maritime Tourism
Development
Aryo Harris Pana Adilantip1, Rizal Adam Zulkarnaen2

Oceanography, Bandung Institute of Technology, Indonesia


Electrical Power Engineering, Bandung Institute of Technology,
Indonesia
1

Abstract: Indonesia is an archipelago which has the longest


coastline in the world with all its wealth and natural beauty
contained there. This condition should be used as a support for
the national economy especially in the field of marine tourism.
However, this condition has not been optimized. Many coastal
areas which have tourism potency is still not properly managed
and empowered. Potential areas are generally still lack access
of good infrastructure, especially electricity access which is still
not been fulfilled, so it requires the solution of the problems.
This problem is generally referred into the electrification ratio
that continuesly to be pursued for the equitable distribution of
Indonesia power supply availability.
In solving these problems, the most effective solution in the
development of tourism is the provision of renewable electricity
generation infrastructure that utilizes the ocean tides that called
Tidal Power Plant Technology (TPP). TPP has a lot of added
value, so this technology should be used and managed properly.
In this paper the authors take a case study at Makassar Strait
region, where the coasts in this area actually have a lot of
potencies but not fully utilized due to limited infrastructure.
The study covers the analysis of marine tourism potency, data
processing and data analysis of the physical conditions of the sea
that cover currents, tides, and coastal morphology, and the study
of the most appropriate tidal power technology.
Based on tides data obtained from Department of Oceanography
ITB in 2008, the data processing in the field of oceanographic
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study using admiralty methods show that the physical conditions


in the tidal area is ideal for the TPP development. Further study
of energy conversion. The combined study produce the required
electrical capacity data. With these data correlate, then created
the grand design of implementation strategies utilized of its
utilization.
To supply the electricity needs of people in one village, designed
micro scale power plants with an average capacity of 20 kilowatt.
Electric power capacity can fulfill the electricity needs for tourism
facilities owned by local society, such as a simple lodging, public
toilets, mosque, food stalls, and others. In addition to lighting,
electricity can be used to pump clean water. Utilization is very
helpful for local community activities for the necessities of life. To
that end, the extension system needs to be made use of the system
with programs that build self employment as an entepreneurship
program.
Using an integrated system of coastal empowerment particularly
in the tourism sector, TPPs construction is expected to support
the local community economy independently and sustainably
which indirectly affect the Indonesia economic development.
Keywords: Renewable Energy, Tidal, Coastal Tourism, Sustainable
Development

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Efek Taman Nasional Banc Darguin


(Mauritani) Melalui Peningkatan Populasi
Ikan Pendekatan Melalui Indikator
Awaluddin Halirin Kaimuddin

(Penerima Beasiswa Unggulan, Double Degree MPPSK UNDIP)


(awal_buton@yahoo.co.id, PPI Brest, Prancis)
Dibawah bimbingan :
Dr. Raymond LAE (IRD - IUEM, Brest, France)
Dr. Luis Tito MORAIS (IRD IUEM, Brest, France)

Abstract: Marine Protected Area (MPA) is increasingly taken


into account in coastal areas as an instrument of preserving
wildlife vagile fauna and habitat against the detrimental effects
of fishing. But, it would be premature to conclude that MPA
are always effective to fisheries management. In conclusion, if
the positive impacts of MPA on ecosystems seem obvious, it is
important to analyze with precision and certainty.
In this study, we attempted to evaluate the effects of MPA
Parc National du Banc dArguin (PNBA) in Mauritania at the
community level of fish. The average abundance in the PNBA
area is much higher than the levels measured in exterior zone
which exploited by artisanal and industrial fisheries, the difference
between these values is significant. This is also the same for the
means value of biomass but the test of means biomass shows that
there is no difference between the zone of PNBA, zone of 10 km
and zone of 20 km. Biological responses to protection are variable
between spesies. Most non-target spesies appear insensitive to
the effects of protection, but the spesies targeted by the fishing
activity generally respond faster and stronger than the non-target
spesies.
This study provides a number of elements on the positive effects
of the Park National on the conservation of fish populations
internal and enrichment in the zones adjacent. In addition, the
results suggest that improvement of community comes not from
habitat differences but measures to restrict fishing positively affect
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the spatial distribution of abundance of fish.


Keywords: MPA, PNBA, Mauritania, Fish, Abundance, Biomass,
Community, Spesies, Targeted, Non-targeted, Fishing

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Pengelolaan Keragaman Hayati


Dan Lingkungan Untuk Pertanian
Berkelanjutan Menuju Ketahanan Pangan
Dan Energi Di Indonesia
Awang Maharijaya

PhD Candidate
Plant Research International
Wageningen University and Research Centrum
Droevendalsesteeg 1
6708 PB Wageningen
E-mail: awang.maharijaya@wur.nl

Abstract: Indonesia has a comparative advantages because of its


position in tropical climate area. Having tropical climate makes
possible to have huge number of biodiversity and environment
that support many agricultural practices such as crops farming,
livestock, fisheries, and forestry as source for food and renewable
energy. Those high diversity unfortunately is followed by various
challenges from diverse agro-climate that posses different
ecological threads. Tropical climate is also suitable for many
unwanted organism is agricultural practices such as weeds, pests
and patoghens. As a result, there is a huge gap of potential yield
of agricultural product with their actual yield in the field which
could threaten national agricultural production as well as food
and energy security.
It is needed to have research-based policy to maximize its potential
and minimize the challenge properly. Sinergy between related
research in natural resources conservation and environment
management, with research related to plant breeding and biotech
need to be done to optimize the utilization of biodiversity and its
environment to support food and energy supply. Management of
biodiversity and environment for sustainable agriculture needs a
comprehensive strategy so that natural resources can be better
utilized to incrase national prosperity.
Keywords: National prosperity, agriculture, fisheries, livestock
67

Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Peningkatan Akses Pendanaan Bank/LKNB


untuk UMKM di Indonesia: Profil, Kendala,
dan Model Pendanaan
Bowo Setiyono

PhD Candidate
Laboratoire dAnalyse et Prospective conomiques (LAPE)
Facult de Droit et des Sciences Economiques
Universit de Limoges
5 rue Flix bou, BP 3127
87031 Limoges Cedex 1
Telp/Fax : 05 55 14 92 51 ext. 218
E-mail: bowose@gmail.com, bowo.setiyono@etu.unilim.fr

Abstract: Micro, small and medium enterprises have drawn much


attention from analysts and policy makers around the world. For
Indonesia, they have been one of economy pillars in terms of GDP
contributions, employment provision as well as economy buffer
during crisis periods. Unfortunately, these acknowledgement and
importance do not come with an adequate financing access that for
this regard becomes one of the biggest problems for them to grow.
In this paper, we first present current Indonesia micro, small and
medium enterprises (MSMEs) characteristics and their importance to
the economy. We observe that low financing access of MSMEs could
be related to some factors namely legal status, business feasibility, high
level of interest rate, lending-related illiteracy, risk preference and
financing decesions. On the other hand, when processing lending
proposals, bank and other financial institution as fund supplier have
to deal with regulatory contraints, asymmetric information and
limited credit reference, low level of rural branching, and high cost
of funds. We highlight a plausible financing scheme that hopefully
reduces MSMEs problems while taking the banking sectors concerns
into account. Improving the financing access need to be carried out
with MSMEs capacity building supported by stakeholders.
Keywords: micro, small and medium enterprises, financing access,
financing scheme
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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Peningkatan Manajemen Kota Tua


Jakarta sebagai Destinasi Wisata Warisan
Budaya Kota dari Perspektif Pemangku
Kepentingan
Cecep Rukendi

MBA Student on Hospitality and Tourism Management


Faculty of Hospitality and Tourism
Prince of Songkla University, Phuket Campus, Thailand.
80 Moo 1 Vichtsongkram Road, Kathu, Kathu, Phuket, 83120,
Thailand.
Telp : (Thailand) +66842635076
Telp : (Indonesia) +628129983230
E-mail:ceceprukendi@gmail.com

Abstract: This study plans to critically analyze the management


of Jakarta Old Town (JOT) as an urban cultural heritage tourism
destination from stakeholders perspectives. This study focuses
on the 6 As of tourism destination management practices
(Attractions, Accessibility, Amenities, Available Package,
Activities, and Ancillary Services), as well as stakeholders
involvement/participation.The
multi-method
qualitative
research approach is applied in this case study through indepth interviews, semi-structured interviews, and a focus group
meeting; these three form a triangulation of data from informants.
The management of the tourism destination and the stakeholder
theory are used to analyze both primary and secondary data
with content and SWOT (Strength, Weaknesses, Opportunity,
and Threats) analysis.Primarily, this study concludes that in
order to have a successful urban cultural heritage tourism
destination---especially in the context of colonial heritage--management must include appropriate planning, special
institution authority, reinterpretation of the heritage, sustainable
program implementation, and the participation of all levels of
stakeholders.Time constraints can be considered as a limitation
due to 5 weeks field work as well as conceptual language barriers of
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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

English and Indonesia. This research can be seen as a benchmark


for the management of other urban cultural heritage tourism
destinations, especially in the contexts of developing countries
and early-growth stage tourism destinations.
Keywords: Manajemen destinasi wisata, wisata warisan budaya kota,
partisipasi pemangku kepentingan, Kota Tua Jakarta

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Peranan Riset Baterai Sekunder dalam


Mendukung Penyediaan Energi Bersih Di
Indonesia 2025
Chairul Hudaya

Ph.D Student
Advanced Energy Materials Processing Laboratory
Energy Storage Research Center
Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST)
E-mail: chudaya@kist.re.kr

Abstract : The oil shock in 2008 and the concerns on climate


change nowadays have brought into many new alternatives
of clean energy provision which are mostly converted into
electricity. In order to support this endeavour, it is just as
important, however, to develop the technologies that can store
the energy in a portable form and this leaves the secondary
battery as the answer. In fact, there are broad range applications
of secondary batteries. However, in this paper, the author focuses
on the application for the electric vehicle and solar power system
as they utilize and produce clean energy and release almost zero
emissions. The paper highlights the importance of the research in
the field of secondary battery in Indonesia in order to provide the
clean energy sources in the future (2025). The proposed roadmap
for the energy storage reserach development, identification of the
existing battery industries and raw material reserves and resources
for secondary battery in Indonesia are outlined.
Keywords: research and development, secondary battery, clean energy

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Supervisi Lintas Kebijakan Berbasis Syariah


Sebagai Upaya Pengelolaan Sbsn Secara
Efektif Dan Efisien
(Studi Praktis Mitigasi Risiko Fiskal Oleh
Bank Indonesia)
Daya Laras Dika

BBA Candidate
SolBridge International School of Business, Woosong University,
#17-2, Jayang-dong, Dong-gu, Daejeon, South Korea, 300718
Telp: 010-6686-2282
E-mail:diekabaek@gmail.com

Abstract: A high economic growth has been important for


developing country like Indonesia. However, it is the fact that
their national income is unable to support it. Budget deficit
will become an important tool in order to stimulate Indonesian
economic growth. The only financial instrument that still
has capacity is debt, particularly debt issued by Islamic Public
Debt Securities. However, this step brings consequences, such
as threatening risk and cost, hence it is very vital to consider
harmonious analysis steps by authority figure in managing the debt.
This research aims at identifying the role of Bank of Indonesia in
financial risk management by intensively focusing on exchange
risk and refinancing risk that emerges as the result of the release
of Islamic Public Debt Securities. The kind of this research is
descriptive research by using library research, documentation and
interview. The results of this research are; first, from organization
point of view, the role of Bank of Indonesia is not yet optimal,
in terms of coordination, conflict management, etc. Second,
there is ineffectiveness of debt cost. This is an indication that the
implementation of the policy and coordination conducted by BI
is not optimal. Third, the effective coordination between BI and
government will result in the accuracy of targets that will provide
a positive impact. At the end of the discussion, the researcher
recommends a policy called Islamic based inter-supervision by
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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

focusing on the performance of BI in managing fiscal risks due to


issuance of SBSN.
Keywords: nilai tukar, refinancing, SBSN

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Naval Watcher Radar To Detect Early


Foreign Ship In the Border Indonesia
Ocean Region
Dimas Okky Anggriawan

Fourth semester
Sepuluh nopember institute of technology
Sidokerso RT:37 RW:16 troketon pedan klaten, jawa
tengah,indonesia
Telp: 085642310707
E-mail: genjuz_09@yahoo.co.id

Abstract: Nowadays, there is many foul foreign ship be done in


the border indonesia ocean consist from ocean force academy
from other country or thief fish from other country. Indonesia
suffer many financial loss. Incident foul from foreign ship in the
border indonesia ocean because little tools and technology be
haven indonesia ocean force academy to detect existance foreign
ship pass border indonesia ocean.
Naval Watcher Radar present as solution increase safety and
defense in indonesia ocean region with cost cheaply. Naval
Watcher Radar is group tools consist from radar, camera, computer
and satellite modem. Group tools be put in the border indonesia
ocean region. Radar and camera have purpose to know situation
real as realtime, computer have purpose as processing information
be got from radar, camera and web server while internet modem
have purpose to connect between server computer and internet
network. With use Naval Watcher Radar situation in the border
indonesia ocean can be seen so information and situation in
border indonesia country can be access wherever as realtime.

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Optimation Solar Cell With


Concentrator And Solar Cell Attacker
Based Microcontroller
Dimas Okky Anggriawan

Fourth semester
Sepuluh nopember institute of technology
Sidokerso RT:37 RW:16 troketon pedan klaten, jawa
tengah,indonesia
Telp: 085642310707
E-mail: genjuz_09@yahoo.co.id

Abstract: Energy source is categoried become 2 part that is


nonrenewable energy and renewable energy. The most of using
energy in the world this time to fuel electricity inciter or industri
use nonrenewable energy as fossil energy. This fossil energy source
is cough and oil. Fossil energy can give the biggest contribution
damage environment. In the world because this fossil energy to
its burning get out SO , NO2 and CO2 can make global warming
and acid rain.
Using solar energy its one of them is solar panel can change photon
sunlight energy become electricity inciter. Indonesia, a country is
passed of equator line and accept sunlight is better than other
country, Indonesia have the biggest potential to develop solar
panel as alternative substitute fossil fuel for clean, not pollution,
safe and supply unlimited.
Cost production that expensive to making solar panel still become
problem cause cost solar panel is expensive so the beginning
investment is got out make solar panel can far better expensive than
other electricity inciter with amount electicity power is resulted
same. Therefore, need effort to increase efficiency solar panel so
cost investment making solar panel can far better cheap dan result
electricity power is big. Title innovation technology optimation
solar panel with concentrator and solar panel attacker is based
microcontroller is hoped can increase ability and efficiency from
solar panel conventional.
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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Concentrator have purpose to focus intensity wide sunlight is big


to a focus point. With this concentrator so small solar panel have
electricity power same with wide solar panel is big. Concentrator
use fresnel lens have character as convex lens can be function
focus sunlight. Concentrator have weakness as must stand
erecly with direction come sunlight so can is needed solar panel
attacker to can detect solar panel and move suitable direction
come sunlight. Solar panel attacker use two LDR or light censor,
microcontroller and motor servo. Work method from solar panel
attacker is two LDR can be put in east and west suitable with
move from direction come sunlight. If LDR is hit sunlight so
resistant from LDR become small, input from two LDR will be
sent to microcontroller to execute and compare data from two
input LDR then microcontroller will send command to motor
servo move to resistant LDR is very small as LDR be hit sunlight
so this solar panel attacker move suitable direction come sunlight.
Optimation solar panel with concentrator and this solar panel
attacker is based calculation so be got intensity sunlight can be
accepted increase 625 % so electricity power is resulted increase
625 %. Cost to make solar panel conventional with electricity
power is resulted 50 watt amount Rp.1.625.000 with electricity
power is resulted same, cost is used to make optimation solar
panel with concentrator and solar panel attacker to need cost
amount Rp. 875.000 so optimation solar panel with concentrator
and solar panel attacker better cheap and result electricity power
better big.

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Planning Design Optimation Solar


Cell Use Electronic Waste Based
Microcontroller
Dimas Okky Anggriawan

Fourth semester
Sepuluh nopember institute of technology
Sidokerso RT:37 RW:16 troketon pedan klaten, jawa
tengah,indonesia
Telp: 085642310707
E-mail: genjuz_09@yahoo.co.id

Abstract: Energy source is devided become two that is renewable


energy and non renewable energy. The most of using energy in
the world use non renewable energy, one of them is fossil energy.
This fossil energy source is cough and oil if fossil energy is used
continuously make more thin energy fossil reserve so can cause
energy crisis. Fossil energy can give the biggest contribution
damage environment. In the world because this fossil energy to
its burning get out SO , NO2 and CO2 can make global warming
and acid rain.
Damage environment not only be resulted for using fossil energy
but electronic waste from fast technology development will very
influence destruction environment. Electronic waste is kind
waste from electronic things whom dont wear again by user.
Destruction environment is resulted for waste electronic among
other human can hit cancer disease, destroy system brain serve
and exist poison chemical material.
One of ways to exceed problem energy crisis and destruction
environment is first effort to do recycle electronic waste but
information electronic producer explain that number recycle is
very low and second develop electricity inciter solar power but
exist weakness for electricity inciter solar power, one of weakness
is solar panel production still be very expensive so with electricity
power is resulted same, solar panel production better expensive
than other electricity inciter.
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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Therefore, the title of innovation Planning design optimation


solar cell use electronic waste based microcontroller present
to exceed problem energy crisis and electronic waste. Solar
cell change sunlight become electricity energy identical with
material semiconductor. In part of electronic waste is like TV,
Radio exist material semiconduktor among other transistor and
diode. Solar cell production in this innovation use transistor
from electronic waste. Optimation solar cell use concentrator
and solar cell attacker. Concentrator use remain compact disk
(CD) or compact disk (CD) wasnt worn again. Compact disk
(CD) have characteristics is like even mirror because compact
disk (CD) can bounce back come light and come light angle same
with rebound angle. Compact disk (CD) exist to concave mirror
so happen focusing sunlight. Concentrator have weakness among
other have to standing erectly with sunlight so be needed solar
cell attacker. Solar panel attacker use two LDR or light censor,
microcontroller and motor servo. Work method from solar panel
attacker is two LDR can be put in east and west suitable with
move from direction come sunlight. If LDR is hit sunlight so
resistant from LDR become small, input from two LDR will be
sent to microcontroller to execute and compare data from two
input LDR then microcontroller will send command to motor
servo move to resistant LDR is very small as LDR be hit sunlight
so this solar panel attacker move suitable direction come sunlight.
Optimation solar cell with concentrator and solar cell attacker is
based calculation wide solar cell 0,1256 and wide concentrator
3,14 m so be got intensity sunlight can be accepted increase 2500
% so electricity power is resulted increase 2500 %. Optimation
solar cell use electronic waste, concentrator and solar cell attacker
is hoped can increase electricity power and decrease damage
destroy environment from electronic waste.

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Pseudo Diplomacy dalam Realitas Buruh


Migran Perempuan (TKW)
Dwi Setyowati

PhD Candidate in Political Science


Universit de Toulouse I Capitole
CU Tripode B Chambre 4312
118 Route de Narbonne
31077 Toulouse
Telp: +33 6 37 06 97 38
E-mail: uwie1010@gmail.com

Abstract: The background of this research was the pseudo


diplomacy in social reality of Indonesian women migrant workers
(TKW). Its number is increasing every year and by 2010 it is up
to 4.25 million people spread through Saudi Arabia, Malaysia,
Taiwan and Hongkong. At the same time, the number of
untoward incidents happening to TKW such as sexual abuse,
torture, and murder, is increasing as well. TKW was silenced,
muted, subordinated in the society, both in homeland and
abroad, and government has not stopped sending women migrant
workers, as there are policies to ease the sending. This researchs
objective is to critic the social reality of women migrant workers
using Habermass critical hermeneutic which stresses the
power of interpretation or exclamations of text and context with
three criteria; work, interaction and power in the society and
Badies conception of diplomatie de connivence that define the
contemporary international system in which actors are in between
cooperation and competition. As qualitative research, this paper
combines objectivity and subjectivity. Critical theories being used
are the muted theory, standpoint theory, and queer theory. The
result of this interpretation research has shown that crack symbol
or break meaning in systematic distortion in reality of TKW. This
problem rooted in government programs in reducing poverty in
the midst of a strongly patriarchal culture in this country. The
implication of the research was the emancipatory diplomacy and
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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

communication to fulfill all interests in society.


Keywords: diplomasi, TKW, critical theories.

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Pengembangan Sistem Berbasis


Pengetahuan Dalam Bidang Budidaya
Tambak Di Indonesia
Ega Dioni Putri

Master Cyber Informatics


Universitas Keio Kampus Shonan Fujisawa
5322 Endo, Fujisawa
251-0057 Kanagawa, Jepang
Telp: +818044377995
E-mail : putriega@sfc.keio.ac.jp

Abstract: Harvest of aquaculture sector holds the important role


for Indonesia because it contributes as one of top ten non-migas
commodities export. The exported stock that originated from
aquaculture pond production is larger than wild sea. However,
most of aquaculture ponds in Indonesia are still run traditionally
and ranges in extensive and semi-intensive management without
involvement of experts. Currently, availability of expert is
only found in professional ponds, while those ponds also have
limitation since expert does not stay at field every time, even not
as long as workers. To reduce the lack of expert, we propose the
comprehensive knowledge based system for aquaculture pond
with extracting expertise in cultivation areas. We focus on problem
solving knowledge in a variety of aquaculture pond either various
level of pools or various species. This research combines two
principles of knowledge based system, namely expert system and
machine learning. Expert system paradigm is to lead us developing
effective system for helping or replacing the real human expert.
Machine learning viewpoint is applied in order to data gained by
system can be utilized to perform personalized features for user.
Whole system is built as web based regarding high mobility of
managing pond people and wide area. In further work, system
will be integrated with ubiquitous sensor network to embed the
pond monitoring tools which are separated each other. Qualified
production is expected to increase in both professional pond and
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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

traditional pond by providing veritable knowledge about proper


aquaculture pond management within this ongoing research
system.
Keywords: Tambak, akuakultur, sistem berbasis pengetahuan, sistem
pakar

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Memperbaiki Kualitas dan Kelestarian


Lingkungan Hidup Ibukota Jakarta
dengan Program Taman Asuh
Ence Ramli Alrasid

Mahanusa Capital Fellowship


Paramadina University
Jalan Gatot Subroto Kav 97 Jakarta,
Indonesia 12790
Telp : +6289-7751-8002
E-mail : ramlialrashid@live.com

Abstract: Environment is a gift of Almighty God that must


be preserved and developed their ability to remain a source of
life support for humans and other living beings for the sake of
continuity and quality of life peningakatan itself. Climate change is
increasingly uncertain and outside the predictions, is increasingly
demanding the role of each individual or group to maintain its
existence and preservation lingkunganya order to coexist with
nature. Jakarta as the capital of the state and as epicentrum all
forms of activities, day by day decreasing environmental quality.
Data based on research conducted Ministry of Environment,
noted that the Jakarta index of environmental quality of life was
ranked 28 of all major cities or provincial capitals throughout
Indonesia. It happened due to lack of attention to the people of
Jakarta will be the quality and sustainability of the environment.
And problems that include air pollution caused by fumes, lack of
open green areas and water catchment areas, as well as the high
intensity of development and population in Jakarta. The purpose
of this paper is to address existing environmental problems in
Jakarta and how to create one solution that can be applied to
improve the quality and sustainability of the environment in
Jakarta. Foster and Parks Program is an innovative and effective
programs in order to support the improvement of environmental
quality and preservation of the environment in Jakarta in order to
create a better living environment in the future.
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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Keywords: UU No. 23 Tahun 1997, Climate Change, Jakarta


Environmental Quality Index, Foster Park Program

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Filter Air Keramik Dengan Pompa Angin


Sebagai Alternatif Penyedia Air Bersih
Rumah Tangga Di Indonesia
Fritz Harland
Astri L. Wardhani
Master Student Graduate
Master Student - Hydrogeology Lab
Institute of Ferrous Technology
Science Building 2 Room # 305
(GIFT)
Departement of Geology,
Pohang University of Science and
College of Natural Sciences
Technology (POSTECH)
Kyungpook National University
San31,
Hyoja-dong, Nam-Gu,
702-701 # 1370 Sankyuk-dong,
Pohang,
Gyeongbuk, 790-784,
Buk-gu,
Korea
Daegu, Korea
Telp. : +821090577187
Telp.: +821040681028
Email : astri@postech.ac.kr
Email : fritzharland@gmail.com

Abstract: Pure and clean water is enormously needed as humans


primary needs. Unfortunately, awareness and necessity of pure
water as an important health primary factor hasnt become a top
priority of people in developing countries including Indonesia.
To note, until this day many Indonesian who live in the tropical
zone havent got fine access to pure and clean water. This fact is
compounded by poorly constructed infrastructure that obstructs
the provision of pure water. So that, ceramic water filter is hoped
to be an alternative pure and clean water supply. This kind
of water filter already used by people, but it has problem with
the velocity of filtering, because it will take too much time for
filtering, almost 4.5 hours for 1 liter water. Therefore, we offer a
modified water filter by adding the air pump on it so the filtering
will be faster. This type of filter is can be produced in a home
industry scale which will improve the welfare of society and build
the entrepreneurship creativity. Finally, this new modification of
filter and continuously education of clean water awareness in the
society may escalate the life quality index of Indonesian citizens.
Keywords: pure water, ceramic, filter, air pump
85

Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Aspek Teknis dan Sosio-Teknis dalam


Penerapan Systems Engineering:
Tantangan dan Solusi bagi Indonesian
Expatriate Engineer
Ika S. Windiarti

PhD Candidate in Systems Engineering


Defence and Systems Institute (DASI), University of South
Australia, Australia
SPRI Building, W2.43-14,
Mawson Lakes Boulevard, Mawson Lakes, South Australia, 5095
Telp: +61 423 786 180
E-mail: winis001@mymail.unisa.edu.au

Abstract: Globalization stimulates distribution of people to work in


other countries. Engineer is one of the professions that allow people
to work globally. Engineering projects around the world are performed
by people from different countries with different cultural backgrounds
which results in diversity in project teamwork. Based on Indonesian
expatriate engineers experiences, cultural adaptation in the workplace
is an issue that needs to be resolved because of limitations of their
cross-cultural abilities. The skill of engineers to manage and work
in diverse cultural background teams influences the effectiveness of
engineering projects. In this research we interviewed 18 Indonesian
engineers who work outside Indonesia in multicultural project teams
about the implementation of systems engineering practices in their
project or company with respect to their cross-cultural perception.
The paper provides a solution framework for Indonesian expatriate
engineers in the technical and social aspects of systems engineering
practices to promote improved engineering project performance.
This paper reports the elements of the specific needs of Indonesian
engineers working off-shore with respect to cross-cultural abilities.
The recommendations from this research could be used to assist predeparture, in-house, or specific project education and training.
Keywords: cross-cultural communication; Indonesian engineer;
multikultural; Systems Engineering
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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Konsep Value Capture Sebagai Alternatif


Dalam Upaya Menyediakan Sarana/
Prasarana Air Bersih Bagi Masyarakat di
Indonesia
Laksmi Tungga Dewi Jaya Wisnu Wardani Darmoyono
PhD Student
Department of Planning Department Spatial Sciences
University of Groningen, The Netherlands
Telp: +31616725361
E-mail: l.t.d.wisnu@rug.nl

Abstract: Clean water is a vita element for all living organism in


the world. However, in most developing countries, clean water is
becoming more difficult to access not only because of pollution
but also becase the high price of water. High price of water makes
only people with financial capacity can access, while the rest have
to find another creative strategy to fulfill the needs of water.
Indonesia is also facing clean water problem. Inefficiency and
overuse of water have created clean water scarcity in some cities,
in Indonesia. The government and PDAM have tried several
approaches to improve PDAM performance, such as costrecovery tariff or privatization. Unfortunatelly, until now these
approaches have not show significant improvement and limit
low-income people to access clean water. This paper tries to offer
value capture concept as an alternative to help the government
and PDAM provide clean and safe water for citizen in Indonesia.
Keywords: clean water, cost-recovery tariff, privatization, value
capture concept

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Penelitian Struktur Odor dan Essens


Menggunakan Tekhnologi Spektroskopi
Molecular Beam Fourier Transform
Microwave (MB-FTMW) dan Teori Kimia
Kuantum
Dipl.-Chem. Lilian W. Sutikdja

Ph.D. Candidate
Institute of Physical Chemistry
Molecular Spectroscopy Research Unit
RWTH Aachen University
Landoltweg 2
52056 Aachen
Telp: +49 241 80 94753
E-mail: lilian.sutikdja@rwth-aachen.de

Abstract: Many analytical researches on perfume and flavor


compounds using different techniques have been caried
out. Nevertheless, only little are known about the odorstructure relationship. With our contribution in the microwave
spectroscopy, we are able to provide reliable structure of some
esters which are mostly found in fruits. The rotational spectrum of
two esters, ethyl pivalate and ethyl isovalerate, has been recorded
and assigned using molecular beam Fourier transform microwave
(MB-FTMW) spectrometers in the frequency range of 3-26.5 GHz
and 26.5-40 GHz. However, a collaboration with the quantum
chemical theory is needed, especially for the prediction of the
geometries of the molecules. By comparing the spectroscopic
data to the quantum chemistry data, we could estimate the
geometries. For the molecule ethyl pivalate, two conformers were
found, which one of them has Cs-symmetry and the other one
C1-symmetry. For the molecule ethyl isovalerate, 11 conformers
has been successfully calculated on the MP2/6311++G** and
B3LYP/6311++G** level. One of the calculated conformer
agreed with the spectroscopic data and therefore the geometry
could be estimated.
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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Keywords: Spektroskopi rotasional, MB-FTMW, gelombang mikro,


transformasi Fourier, teori kimia kuantum, ester, odor dan essens, studi
konformasi dan struktur.

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Film Dokumenter Pendek Mahasiswa


Doktoral, Sarana Membangun
Kepribadian Bangsa Dan Generasi Muda
Untuk Cinta Ilmu Pengetahuan Dan
Teknologi
Luth

PPI Rennes, Prancis


E-mail: luth.saja@gmail.com

Abstract: Education is very important for the nation progress. In


addition to formal education, non-formal education is essential to
build the nations identity and the younger generation. Film is one
way of non-formal educations and it is easy thinking.
The short documentary film of Doctoral student is a great
alternative to build the nations identity and the young generation
for love knowledge and technology. The number of doctoral
students is relatively less altought they are in the top levels of
education will be easier to introduce good values to people at
lower levels.
The activities to make the short documentary film of Doctoral
student in France can be adapted in Indonesia. If these activities
and the indonesian norm are adapted together, it can build
nations identity and increases the love of science and technology.
Keywords : film dokumenter, ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi,
kepribadian bangsa

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Menuju Dosen Kelas Dunia Berkebangsaan


di Pendidikan Tinggi Indonesia: Sebuah
Model dan Pola Pikir
Mauritz Panggabean

Department of Telematics
Norwegian University of Science and Technology
N-7491 Trondheim, Norway
Telp: +47 98 01 32 58
E-mail: panggabean@item.ntnu.no

Abstract: Three facts act as the background of this paper: the


low level of research and international scientific publications in
Indonesian universities, the increasing attention and effort of
leading Indonesian universities to gain the status of world-class
university, and Indonesian young people at graduate studies
abroad who still wish to build academic careers in Indonesian
universities despite the lack of resources for research. Based on
systematic analytical study on the ramifications of these facts, this
paper synthesizes a model with a systematic paradigm as its two
main contributions. The model describes an elementary operating
system in Indonesian university with the center on the envisioned
world class lecturer with deep sense of nationality. It describes
how the lecturer relates to all important components of the
system which are all within his/her circle of influence. The goal of
the model is to enable a lecturer in any Indonesian university to
be productive in research and international scientific publication
through creative ways in tackling the lack of resources. The
paradigm serves as a more detailed and practical description
on the implementation of the model. Logical implications and
important insights from them are also presented with inspiring
examples, with the sincere hope towards a more competitive
Indonesia in the future.
Keywords: Dosen, kelas dunia, berkebangsaan, model, pola pikir

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Performa Indonesia Dalam Publikasi


Ilmiah Internasional Selama 1996-2010:
Sebuah Studi Komparatif Komprehensif
Mauritz Panggabean

Department of Telematics
Norwegian University of Science and Technology
N-7491 Trondheim, Norway
Telp: +47 98 01 32 58
E-mail: panggabean@item.ntnu.no

Abstract: This paper presents the data on Indonesias


international scientific publications in 1996-2010 that has been
processed from SCImago and Scopus database. The data covers
27 subject areas and 264 sub-subjects in natural and social
sciences as well as engineering. The publications considered are
papers published in international journal and conferences that
are indexed by the database. The focus of this study is on three
aspects, i.e. quantity, quality and international collaboration.
The number of documents, the H index and the percentage of
documents with more than one country are three parameters
used to quantify the three aspects, respectively. Furthermore, also
in comprehensive way, Indonesias performance in international
scientific publication on the three aspects is compared to those
of five ASEAN countries that are regional leaders in research.
Those countries are Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia, Philippines,
and Vietnam. Analysis on the data reveals insights that serve
as an objective and quantitative description on the current
strength and weaknesses of Indonesias scientific research and
international scientific publication. Hopefully they can also
be a positive feedback not only for Indonesian researchers and
lecturers, but more importantly to the decision makers in the
government towards a more competitive Indonesia in the future.
Keywords: Publikasi ilmiah internasional, kolaborasi internasional,
indeks H
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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Kontribusi Pembiayaan Usaha Kecil


terhadap Kinerja Perbankan Indonesia:
Kasus pada Bank-Bank Publik
Mokhamad Anwar

PhD Student in Finance


School of Management, University of Leicester,
University Road Leicester LE1 7RH United Kingdom
35 Lonsdale Street, Leicester LE2 1BP
E-mail: ma501@le.ac.uk, anwardade@gmail.com

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to explore small business


financing in Indonesia especially that has been carried out by
Indonesia public banks and investigate its relationship with those
banks performance within the period of 2004-2007.
The study employed descriptive and inferential statistics to
explain the data characteristics of small business financing and
banks performance and then to verify the significance of their
relationship. Data were collected from the website of Bank
Indonesia.
The result of the study showed that the small business financing
has significantly influenced bank performance in Indonesia in
terms of bank profitability and capital adequacy fulfillment,
especially for public banks within the study period. The result
has also shown that small business financing has become a better
predictor for bank performance instead of other financing for
corporate and consumer sectors and interbank placement.
Keywords: Small business financing, bank performance

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Paradoksi Kebijakan Otonomi Daerah dan


Peningkatan Kesejahteraan Masyarakat:
Kalimantan Timur Kaya Tapi Miskin
Muhammad Ali

Kandidat Doktor
School of Social Science and Psychology
Faculty of Arts Education and Human Development
Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia
Telp: +61 3 99194444
Mobile: +61413048151
Fax: +61 3 99194324
E-mail: Muhammad.ali2@live.vu.edu.au

Abstract: East Kalimantan is a province full of paradox. This


region has considerable economic potential measured in terms
of its abundant endowments of natural resources, including oil,
natural gas, gold, coal and forestry. Yet, East Kalimantan still
lacks infrastructure, has poor human resources and high levels of
unemployment, factors which condemn much of the population
to a life of poverty and hardship.The new system of regional
autonomy, which has been implemented since 2001, was expected
to give more benefit to the regions, as regional governments have
held relatively more power and fiscal capacity. Law 22/1999, which
has been revised twice, has provided more authority to regional
governments to manage their respective regions. The introduction
of fiscal decentralisation through Law 25/1999, further revised
in Law 33/2004, has favoured regions rich in natural resources
such as East Kalimantan. As it has abundant natural resources,
this region has received greatly increased funds from the central
government due to the implementation of sharing revenue
formula generated from the exploitation of natural resources.
These supposed to give more opportunity for the rich regions such
East Kalimantan to accelerate regional development and bring
their people to greater prosperity. Nevertheless, East Kalimantan
has realized neither the objectives of regional autonomy nor the
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community aspirations for a more prosperous society.This paper


aims to examine the extent to which the regional autonomy laws
have impacted on people welfare in East Kalimantan.
Keywords: Otonomi daerah, pemerintah daerah, masyarakat,
kemiskinan, kesejahteraan

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Perancangan Tracking System dan


Telemetri Sebagai Inovasi dalam Distribusi
Biodiesel untuk Mendukung Roadmap
Biodiesel Nasional
Muhammad Iman Santoso1
Dr-Ing. Candidate
Universitt Duisburg-Essen
Fakultt fr
Ingenieurwissenschaften
Institut fr Produkt Engineering
Transportsysteme und -logistik
Keetmanstrae3-9, Duisburg
SK Building - Room 008
Telephone: +49 203 379-7702
Tele-fax: +49 203 379-3048
E-mail: muhammad.santoso@
stud.uni-due.de

Silviana 2
PhD Candidate
Feststoffverfahrenstechnik
Institut fur Thermo- und
Fluiddynamik
Fakultt fur Maschinenbau
Ruhr-Universitt Bochum
Gebude IB6/33
Universittstrasse 150, 44810
Bochum, Deutschland
Telephone: +49 (0)234 32264375
E-mail: silviana@fvt.rub.de

Abstract: Many Indonesian natural resources have been studied


and used for Biodiesel. Several studies have been conducted to
produce and optimize the production process. Unfortunately only
a few among those who consider the possibility of degradation of
biodiesel was, they only think of production and optimization only.
In fact, biodiesel is essentially fatty acid methyl esters are easily
triggered into unsaturated fatty acids and has an auto-oxidation.
This condition can encourage the formation of soluble products
that is harmful to engines that use them, especially on the fuel
injection pump. This research study focuses on tracking and
telemetry system design for storage and distribution of biodiesel.
As a precaution the oxidation was made an embedded systems
that optimize biodiesel storage and distribution system. The
goal is to create conditions for biodiesel that can be monitored
in nearly real-time, so the driver or the operator can constantly
monitor the state of biodiesel and can take immediate preventive
before an indication of oxidation. This system if implemented
can support the National Biodiesel Roadmap and became one
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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

of the alternatives that can be used for the National Biodiesel


Accreditation Systems. Besides the actual progress of research
in the form of hardware and software are displayed, Composite
Structure Diagrams and the concept of Problem Frames are also
used to illustrate this system.
Keywords: Biodiesel, Tracking System, UML, the Problem Frame,
Storage and Distribution of Biodiesel, Telemetry.

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Kebijakan Pengembangan Energi di


Indonesia dan Teknologi Smart Grid1
Normansyah Syahruddin
PhD Student in Economics and
Engineering Management
University of Bergamo
and Ministry of Agriculture,
Republic Indonesia
Sala Dottorandi 101, Via
Marconi 5
Dalmine (BG), 24044, Bergamo,
Italia
Telp: +39-3277474543
E-mail: norman.syahruddin@
unibg.it

Jauhary Arifin

PhD Student in Economics and


Finance
University of Verona
and
PhD Student in Economics
University of Lugano
Vicolo Campofiore, 2
37129, Verona, Italia
Telp: +39-3472544611
E-mail: jauhary.arifin@univr.it

Abstract: To date, the ratio of electrification still considerably


low in certain region in Indonesia and potentially hindered
the development of those regions. Thus, the utilization of
renewable energy to its fullest is inevitable. In this paper, we
discuss the energy utilization issues and the prospect of using
renewable energy resources to support the economic growth
in Indonesia. Specifically, we underline the previous findings
that there are exists causality running from renewable energy
consumption to GDP, and no significant causality is found
between non-renewable energy consumption and GDP. Smart
grid technology is also discussed as an alternative system that
is able to gather and mix the electricity power produced from
both renewable and non-renewable energy resources and
then automatically distribute them to end-user. Finally, we
provide some suggestions to be considered in the energy sector.
Keywords: Energy utilization, renewable energy, smart grid, Indonesia

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Penerapan Kontrol Kognitif pada Proses


Pembelajaran Teknologi Baru (Studi
Kasus Perbandingan Model Penelitian di
Indonesia dan Jerman)
Novie Susanto

PhD Candidate
IAW RWTH Univervsity Aachen
Bergdriesch 27, D-52062 Aachen, Germany
Telp: +49 17 636 287 552
E-mail: n.susanto@iaw.rwth-aachen.de

Abstract: Developments of existing technology make life cycle and


the learning period become shorter. These conditions encourage
the emergence of the learning process model which have effective
and efficient methods, so as to follow the life cycle of technology
development and prepares the time to learn the next new technology.
This study aimed to compare the research model of the learning
process in new technology with the use of cognitive control in
Indonesia and Germany. Methods of analysis used is the assessment
of work performance of the subjects in Indonesia during the work
specified by the researcher, both based on the completion time of tasks
during the learning or the use of knowledge mapping. Comparative
analysis performed on the model of research that applies cognitive
control unit in the learning process in the German state.
The results suggest a model of learning self-taught in Indonesia
gives completion time is shorter than the task of instructional
and accommodate long-term memory to receive new information
in the learning process on the new software office. The existence
of cognitive control gave positive results on learning experiences,
especially with an emphasis on the function of purpose and
procedure level. Model studies in Germany can accommodate the
application of cognitive control based on the concept of division of
the functions allocation of between operators and Cognitive Control
Unit (CCU) without considering the level of cognitive control.
Keywords: learning, cognitive control, cognitive control unit (CCU), assembly
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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Bisakah Mahasiswa Indonesia Belajar


Mandiri? Konsep Belajar Bahasa Jerman
Secara Mandiri Melalui Bimbingan Belajar
Nuki Nurhani

PhD Candidate
Sprachlehrforschung
Fakultt fur Philologie
Ruhr-Universitt Bochum
Universittstrasse 150, 44810 Bochum, Deutschland
Telp: 0049 (0)176 37035427
E-mail: Nuki.Nurhani@ruhr-uni-bochum.de

Abstract: Autonomous learning is defined a novel of how to learn


for Indonesien students. It is approved from the interview result
with Indonesien students who have been studying in Germany
and have already learned or have been learning the germany
language. Commonly they study the germany language in the
language course or private course and they never learn to do
autonomous learning before in the informal class. Autonomous
learning concept is based on lately learning idea of germany
language blowing in Germany. This idea refers to germany
language learners to learn it with themselves in the informal class
and without teacher assistances.
According to Holec, autonomous learning denotes how to learn
everything self-determined involving learning objectives, subjects,
and strategy of learning until the learning evaluation. It requires
high motivation of germany language learners. In addition also
it requires the ability to develop several learning strategy to
obtain desired learning objectives. For Indonesian students who
have not been accustomed to autonomous learning it is not easy.
Therefore it needs the learning guidance to direct them to apply
how to learn autonomously. In this guidance, they are trained to
specify the objectives and the subjects what they want, to develop
several learning strategy and to evaluate the learning output by
themselves.
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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

To know the successful application of autonomous learning


through the process tutorial I make the research regarding to this
idea by means of my dissertation.
Keywords : autonomous learning, the learning guidance

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Linked Open Data dan Jejaring Sosial


untuk Kesehatan Ibu dan Anak
Nur Aini Rakhmawati

PhD Candidate
Digital Enterprise Research Institute
National University of Ireland Galway
IDA Business Park, Lower Dangan, Galway, Ireland
Tel : +353863054826
E-mail : nur.aini@deri.org

Abstract: Mother and Baby health is one important factor in


Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by reducing the rate
of Maternal Mortality and Infant Mortality. There are exist
approaches to increase quality of mother and baby health such
as utilizing Information Technology(IT). IT becoming important
role in our life is already taken by Indonesian government and
society in different methods. However, their methods only comply
to web 1.0. It is caused user can not take role for updating data
as well as monitoring mothers activity. Furthermore, the final
report data can not be re-used by other application. Therefore,
we introduce our ongoing research which called Keyrani, an
mobile application that is fully integrated with popular social
networking such Facebook and Twitter and publish its data by
adopting Linked Open Data. Social networking in Keyrani aims to
monitor mother activity during her pregnancy and motherhood,
whereas Linked Open data could be benefit for re-using data in
analysis and visualization purposes.
Keyword : Web1.0, Sosial Networking, Mother and Baby health,
Linked Open Data

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Heal the World dengan Mengurangi


Emisi Karbon Dioksida melalui Teknologi
Berbasis Kimia Terapan
Nurwenda Novan Maulana
Master Microbiology,
Immunology, and
Biopharmaceuticals National
Chiayi University
Tel : +88695719540
E-mail: nurwendanovan@
gmail.com

Ajeng Anggraeni

Master Forestry and Natural


Resource
National Chiayi University
Tel : +8869750165443
E-mail: ajenganggraeni@gmail.
com

Abstract: Burning fossil fuels such as natural gas, coal and petroleum
raises the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide
is a major contributor to thegreenhouse effect and global warming.
At present, the most powerful and the most effective way to reduce
CO2 in the atmosphere is plant tree many more. However, industry
development leads to reduce the land for agricultural and of course
also contribute to severity of greenhouse effect and global warming.
Create new technology to heal the world by reduce the emission of
CO2. Samples smoke causes of CO2 from vehicles and factories were
analyzed in a chemistry laboratory. Processing to convert the gases
into a liquid made with a various treatments. Low temperature and
high pressure combined to provide more optimal results. Once the
liquid is formed, the liquid was analyzed by High Performance Liquid
Chromatography (HPLC), to observe dangerous substances which
possible for the remediation and impossible for remediation. This
technology represents a new breakthrough by utilizing the simple
idea that has been done to the process of making liquid smoke.
Convert substances that cause global warming into substances that
are environmentally friendly. A real effort is able to extend the age of
the earth from destruction caused by humans.
Keywords: Emission, high performance liquid chromatography, global
warming, green house effect
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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Dinamika Sosial Gerakan Guru di


Indonesia Pasca Orde Baru
Rakhmat Hidayat

PhD Candidate Sciences de leducation


Universit Lumire Lyon 2
Lamy Residences
180/182 Avenue Roger Salengro 69100 Villeurbanne
Lyon-France
Telp: +33634437223
E-mail: rakhmat_123@yahoo.com

Abstract: This article aims to (1) describes the dynamics of teacher


movement in Indonesia after New Order era. This phase is marked
by the emerging various teacher organizations in Indonesia and (2)
explain how the contribution of Indonesian teachers movement
in the stage of democracy in Indonesia. There are two important
conclusions in this paper are (1) Indonesian teacher movement
that developed after the New Order era is the manifestation and
articulation of a political system that supports the emergence
of these movements (2) the movement of Indonesian teachers
become an important social group in the transition to democracy
in Indonesia after New Order . The methodology used is the study
of literature by examining a variety of related references teachers
movement in Indonesia. Movement teachers in Indonesia have
to do the strengthening and consolidation of networks both
national and international networks. Their movements will be
more solid, structured and institutionalized as an important actor
in the transition to democracy in Indonesia.
Keywords: gerakan, guru, konsolidasi, demokrasi

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Car Navigation Systems based on Drivers


Behaviour by Using Adaptive Neural based
Fuzzy Inference Sytems (ANFIS)
Raras Tyasnurita

Master Candidate of Industrial


Management Department
National Taiwan University of
Science and Technology
43, Sec. 4, Keelung Rd., Taipei,
106, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Telp : +886975722540
E-mail : M9801813@mail.ntust.edu.tw

Abstract: Technology in transportation nowadays becomes more


progressive whose advantages are essential in increasing quality of
life and civilization development. This welldeveloped innovation
not only prevents driver from getting lost, but also greatly
decreases the time spend on searching the best route. However
the increasing population causes traffic congestion become
a challenging issue. One promising option among Intelligent
Transportation Systems (ITS) is Advanced Traveler Information
Systems (ATIS) which enables driver in having less frustrated
driving experience by providing valuable real time information.
Even though this systems capable in guiding driver to reach
destination, the recommendation will not always be the optimal
one because different drivers have different personal preferences.
Even a same driver also has a different preferences based on
situations. The route selection system which based on multiple
vague attributes will be a challenge for systems to generate a right
recommendation for driver. Due to these facts, navigation systems
requires to be able to personalize to individual driver by adapt
to drivers behavior. Therefore, Adaptive Neural Fuzzy Inference
Systems (ANFIS) is used to model the vague attributes which
are come from drivers feedback and then learn it by itself. It has
both advantages of Fuzzy Logic which has a role as an excellent
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tool for modeling human thought and Neural Network for the
learning capability. Finally the systems will continuously improve
the model and at the end be able to act like drivers thinking logic
by providing a better route suggestion corresponding to drivers
inclination.
Keywords: : Advanced Traveler Information Systems (ATIS) ,
Shortest Path Algorithm, Adaptive Neural Fuzzy Inference Systems
(ANFIS)

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Penggunaan Geosynthetic Supported


Piled Embankment Pada Konstruksi
Perkerasan di atas Tanah Lunak
Slamet Widodo

Technische Universitt Bergakademie Freiberg


Gustav-Zeuner-Strae 1, 09599 Freiberg (Sachsen), Germany
E-mail : slamet@engineer.com, slamet.widodo@student.tu-freiberg.de

Abstract : In Indonesia there is almost 30 percent of soft soil


covering the land area. Utilizing traditionally wooden piles
are often met on application of civil engineering for building
or pavement engineering. But availability and sustainability
of this material as raw material gradually would be decrease or
shrinking amount and can not supply in the future to support
a considerable development region. Generally, thickness of
pavement construction vary from 0.25 to 0.75 m. In other hand,
road embankment is low embankment. Besides geosynthetic as a
reinforcement for pavement, piles have also be installed together
to support the embankment. When the existence of soft soil is so
deep in certain area, so that the use of floating piles are a good
choice. There are several methods to construct a road pavement
over soft soil. At least there are 2 (two) methods that familiar and
well known in geotechnical engineering namely British Standard
BS 8006 (1995) and German Standard EBGEO (2010).
Keywords : wooden pile, geosynthetic, floating pile, soft soil, BS 8006,
EBGEO

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Penerapan Model Saint-Venant dan


Metode Volume Hingga dalam Beberapa
Masalah Bencana Alam
Sudi MUNGKASI

PhD Candidate
Department of Mathematics
The Australian National University
Canberra, ACT 0200 Australia
Telp.: +61 413160408
E-mail: sudi.mungkasi@anu.edu.au

Abstract: Indonesia is one of Asian countries which prone


to natural disasters. Of course, natural disasters may result in
catastrophic collapses. Minimising the effects of disasters is an
urgent theme for Indonesia. One way to do the minimisation is by
making a well-planned development of spatial area. In this paper,
I present analytical and numerical mathematical models, which
can be used to simulate some natural disasters, such as flood,
tsunami, and landslide. The analytical model is called the SaintVenant model, due to a famous French mathematician, while
the numerical model is the finite volume method used to solve
the Saint-Venant model. The motivation is that the models and
simulations in this paper can help in making such a well-planned
development of spatial area.
Keywords: banjir, tsunami, tanah longsor, Model Saint-Venant,
metode volume hingga

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

The Reliabilityof GUI for DiaHDL: A


Development of Web-Based VHDL Code
Generator

Wildan Thoyib

Departement of IT Convergence
Application Engineering
Pukyong National University,
Korea
E-mail : Wildantoyib@pknu.ac.kr

Anita Ratna Dewi Susanti


Departement of Electrical
Engineering
Hochschule Darmstadt
University of Applied Sciences,
Germany
E-mail: Anita.susanti@hotmail.de

Abstract: The VHDL generator tools aim is to translate designed


component diagram tosynthesizable VHDL code. The tools is
web based, its provides a graphical user interface thatallows the
user to select a digital component, customize their parameter
and generate the VHDLcode.The Reliability inception in this
VHDL code generator is a probability method for measurement
the tools in complicated parameter to be simplified. To support
the VHDL generator code tools, development of Graphic User
Interface(GUI) is presented. Beginning with designing ideas of
the interface within the tools based onprinciples of good interface
design, the implementation of the design for the tools is to
provideinterface which address the needs of its users.Designing
an interface for users its requires to deal with a number of issue.
The Userinteraction mechanism with the tools is being the main
concern to improve the tools interface forbeing able performed
effectively with the user.The research study, its to develop graphic
user interface of DiaHDL tools, which is ableto provide both
functional and aesthetic visualization in design. The Graphical
user interface isable to represent information into pleasing
visualization.
Keywords: Reliability, Graphical User Interface (GUI), VHDL code
generator, component diagram.

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Olimpiade Karya Tulis Inovatif 2011 | PPI Prancis

Transportasi Massal Effektif, Effisien,


Hemat Energi serta Berteknologi Ramah
Lingkungan untuk Indonesia
Yuliarti
Kusumawardaningsih

Doctoral Candidate
Universitt Kassel
Fachbereich Bauingenieurwesen
Institut fr Konstruktiven
Ingenieurbau (IKI)
Fachgebiet Massivbau
Kurt-Wolters-Strae 3, 34109
Kassel, GERMANY
E-mail : yuwistk2@gmail.com

Kurniawan Wijaya

Hilf-Wissenschaftler
Universitt Kassel
Fachbereich Elektro/
Informationsteknik
Institut fr RegelungsSystemtheorie
Fachgebiet Regelungs- und
Systemtheorie
Wilhelmshher Allee 73, 34121
Kassel, GERMANY
E-mail: kurniawan.wijaya@
mytum.de

Abstract: A well defined, sophisticated, clean and comfortable


mass transportation system is a reflection (measurement) of a
good management governance. The current condition of mass
transport in Indonesia is reflected by its bad public transport
management. Public indiscipline, high frequency of traffic and rail
accidents, and disobedience of law leads to public unwillingness
to use public transport services. There is a need for good synergy
and continuously cooperation among government, private
sector and public community to build, manage and maintain
mass transportation network in Indonesia. Revitalization
recommendation for rail and bus transportation systems in
Indonesia, which is based on effective and successful transport
systems in well developed countries, is expected to minimize
traffic jams occurrence; which are caused by the explosion of
population density and and high use of personal vehicles.
Keywords: transportasi massal, transportasi publik, kereta, tram, bus

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