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IUB Protocol Principle


I. Over ATM
1

Protocol Structure for the Iub Interface (over ATM)

When ATM transport is applied to the Iub interface, the sequence of configuring Iub interface
data should be consistent with the protocol structure, that is, from the bottom layer to the top
layer and from the control plane to the user plane.
Figure 1 shows the protocol stack for the ATM-based Iub interface.
Figure 1 Protocol stack for the ATM-based Iub interface

The transport network layer of the Iub interface consists of the transport network layer user
plane (area A), transport network layer control plane (area B), and transport network layer
user plane (area C).

Areas A, B, and C share the physical layer and ATM layer. Therefore, all links in the
three areas can be carried on common physical links.

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Links in areas A and B are carried on SAAL links. Based on the type of carried
information, the upper layer of area A is classified into the NodeB Control Port (NCP)
and the Communication Control Port (CCP). Only Q.AAL2 links are carried in area B.

In area C, the user plane data is carried on AAL2 paths. The bearer at the lower layer
is the ATM PVC. Under the control of Q.AAL2, AAL2 connections can be dynamically set
up or released for upper-layer services. Therefore, each AAL2 path must have its
corresponding controlling Q.AAL2.

Links on the Iub Interface (over ATM)

This section describes the links on the ATM-based Iub interface.

Links on the Iub Interface


There are three types of links on the ATM-based Iub interface: SAAL link of User-Network
Interface (UNI) type, AAL2 path, and IPoA PVC. The SAAL link of UNI type is used to carry
NCP, CCP, and ALCAP, as shown in Figure 1.
Figure 1 Links on the Iub interface (over ATM)

NOTE:
The links in the NodeB are not shown in Figure 1 because the data configuration
does not involve the internal information of the NodeB.

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The RINT shown in Figure 1 refers to the ATM interface boards of the BSC6900. For
the recommended ATM interface boards of the Iub interface, see Interface Boards
Applicable to Terrestrial Interfaces.

SAAL Link of UNI Type


An SAAL link of UNI type carries signaling messages on the Iub interface. The signaling
messages carried on the SAAL links are classified into NCP, CCP, and ALCAP, as described
in Table 1.

Table 1 Data carried on SAAL links of UNI type


Data Type

Description

NCP

The NCP carries common process messages of NBAP over the


Iub interface. An Iub interface has only one NCP.

CCP

A CCP carries dedicated process messages of NBAP over the


Iub interface. An Iub interface may have multiple CCPs. The
number of CCPs depends on network planning.

ALCAP

ALCAP is also called Q.AAL2. Typically, an Iub interface has


one ALCAP.

An SAAL link of UNI type is carried on a PVC. The PVC identifier (VPI/VCI) and other
attributes of the PVC must be negotiated between the BSC6900 and the NodeB.

AAL2 Path
An AAL2 path is a group of connections between the BSC6900 and the NodeB. An Iub
interface has at least one AAL2 path. It is recommended that more than one AAL2 path be
planned.
An AAL2 path is carried on a PVC. The PVC identifier (VPI/VCI) and other attributes of the
PVC must be negotiated between the BSC6900 and the NodeB.

IPoA PVC
IPoA is a technology in which IP packets are transmitted over the ATM transport network.
Essentially, the ATM links over each interface are carried over PVCs. The IPoA PVCs over the
Iub interface are used to transmit the OM information of a NodeB. In this case, the IPoA PVC
is called the management plane IPoA PVC.

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3 OM IPoA Data Configuration on the Iub Interface (over


ATM)
On the ATM-based Iub interface, the IPoA PVC functions as the Operation and
Maintenance (OM) channel.

IPoA PVC
Figure 1 shows the IPoA PVCs from the BSC6900 to NodeBs.
Figure 1 IPoA PVCs from the BSC6900 to NodeBs

NOTE:
The RINT shown in Figure 1 refers to the ATM interface boards of the BSC6900. For the
recommended ATM interface boards of the Iub interface, see Interface Boards Applicable to
Terrestrial Interfaces.

Network Segments
Each IPoA PVC travels through the following network segments before reaching the
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NodeB:

II.

The 80.168.3.0 segment (with network mask of 255.0.0.0) between the OMUa board
and the ATM interface board. This network segment is set before delivery of
the BSC6900.

12.13.1.0 segment (with network mask of 255.255.255.0) between the ATM interface
board and the NodeBs. When setting this network segment, you need to take field
conditions into consideration.

Over IP
1. Protocol Structure for the Iub Interface (over IP)
When IP transport is applied to the Iub interface, the sequence of adding Iub interface data
should be consistent with the protocol structure, that is, from the bottom layer to the top
layer and from the control plane to the user plane.
Figure 1 shows the protocol stack for the IP-based Iub interface.
Figure 1 Protocol stack for the IP-based Iub interface

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2. Links on the Iub Interface (over IP)


This section describes the links on the IP-based Iub interface.

Links on the Iub Interface


There are two types of links on the IP-based Iub interface: SCTP link and IP path. The
SCTP link is used to carry NCP and CCP, as shown in Figure 1.
Figure 1 Links on the Iub interface (over IP)

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NOTE:

The links in the NodeB are not shown in Figure 1 because the data configuration
does not involve the internal information of the NodeB.
The RINT shown in Figure 1 refers to the IP interface boards of the BSC6900. For the
recommended IP interface boards of the Iub interface, see Interface Boards Applicable
to Terrestrial Interfaces.

SCTP Links
An SCTP link carries signaling messages on the Iub interface. The signaling messages
carried on the SCTP links are classified into NCP and CCP, as described in Table 1.

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Table 1 Data carried on SCTP links

Data Type

NCP

Description

The NCP carries common process messages of NBAP over the Iub
interface. An Iub interface has only one NCP.

CCP

A CCP carries dedicated process messages of NBAP over the Iub


interface. An Iub interface may have multiple CCPs. The number of
CCPs depends on network planning.

The SCTP link can work in two modes, SERVER and CLIENT, on the BSC6900 and
NodeB sides. On the BSC6900 side, the differences between the two working modes are
as follows:

SERVER: The local end enables only the listening port and the peer end sends the
initialization request.
In SERVER mode, all SCTP links use the listening port as a local port. The listening port
also becomes the local port of NCP or CCP on the control plane. On the NodeB side, a
port number is added to each new NCP and CCP.

CLIENT: The local end sends the initialization request during the setup of a link.
In CLIENT mode, each SCTP link must be configured with a local port, which means
that a local port number is added to each NCP and CCP. On the NodeB side, only one
port number needs to be configured.

It is recommended that the working mode of the BSC6900 be set to SERVER when you

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configure an SCTP link.

IP Path
An IP path is a group of connections between the BSC6900 and the NodeB. An Iub
interface has at least one IP path. It is recommended that two or more IP paths be planned.

3. IP Addresses and Routes on the Iub Interface (over IP)


On the IP-based or ATM/IP dual stack-based Iub interface, IP addresses and routes are
required.

Networking on the Iub Interface


There are two types of networking on the Iub interface: layer 2 networking and layer 3
networking. Compared with layer 3 networking, layer 2 networking is simple because the
port IP addresses of the BSC6900 and NodeB are located on the same network segment
and no route is required.
Figure 1 shows an example of layer 2 networking on the Iub interface.
Figure 1 Layer 2 networking on the Iub interface

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NOTE:
IP1 and IP2 are port IP addresses.
Figure 2 shows an example of layer 3 networking on the Iub interface.
Figure 2 Layer 3 networking on the Iub interface

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NOTE:
IP1 and IP2 are device IP address on the IP interface board. IP3 and IP4 are port IP
addresses on the IP interface board. IP5 and IP6 are gateway IP addresses on
the BSC6900 side. IP7 is the gateway IP address on the NodeB side. IP8 is the IP address
of the NodeB.

IP Addresses on the Iub Interface


As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the Iub IP addresses at the BSC6900 consist of IP
addresses of Ethernet ports, local IP addresses of PPP links, local IP addresses of MLPPP
groups, and device IP addresses. Table 1 describes these IP addresses.

Table 1 IP Addresses on the Iub Interface

IP Address

Configuration Scenario

IP address of an

Required when the


FG2a/FG2c/GOUa/GOUc

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Each Ethernet port can be


configured with only one
primary IP address and five
secondary IP addresses.

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Table 1 IP Addresses on the Iub Interface

IP Address

Configuration Scenario

Ethernet port

board functions as the interface

Configuration Restriction

The IP address of an Ethernet


port and the internal IP address
of the OMU must be located on
different network segments. For
these network segments, one
cannot cover another.

In the BSC6900, the IP


addresses of different Ethernet
ports must be located on
different network segments. For
these network segments, one
cannot cover another.

board

Local IP address

Required when the PEUa,

Each PPP link can be

of a PPP link

POUa/POUc, or UOIa

configured with only one local

(UOIa_IP) board functions as

IP address.

the interface board

Local IP address

Required when the PEUa or

Each MLPPP group can be

of an MLPPP

POUa/POUc board functions as

configured with only one local

group

the interface board

IP address.

Device IP

Required in layer 3 networking

address

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Each interface board can be


configured with a maximum of
16 device IP addresses.

The IP addresses of any two


different devices must be
located on different subnets.

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Route on the Iub Interface


On the Iub interface where layer 2 networking is applied, no route is required. On the Iub
interface where layer 3 networking is applied, you should configure the route described
in Table 2.

Table 2 Route on the Iub interface

Equipment

Route Description

IP Interface

The route travels from the BSC6900 to the network segment where the NodeB is

Board

located.

You can configure the route on the BSC6900. Destination IP address is the addre

of the network segment where the NodeB or NodeB IP address is located, and Nex
Hop Address is the gateway IP address, for example, IP5 or IP6, on
the BSC6900 side.

4 OM Channel Configuration on the Iub Interface (over IP)


There are two types of routing for the OM channel on the Iub interface. One is the routing
between the M2000 and the NodeB through the BSC6900 and the other is the routing
between the M2000 and the NodeB not through the BSC6900.

Routing Between the M2000 and the NodeB Through the BSC6900
Figure 1 shows an example of the routing between the M2000 and the NodeB through
the BSC6900. Table 1 describes the routes.
Figure 1 Example of the routing between the M2000 and the NodeB through
the BSC6900

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NOTE:

Figure 1 takes layer 2 networking on the Iub interface as an example. When layer 3
networking is applied to the Iub interface, the IP interface board and the NodeB
communicate with each other through a router.
The RINT shown in Figure 1 refers to the IP interface boards of the BSC6900. For the
recommended IP interface boards of the Iub interface, see Interface Boards Applicable
to Terrestrial Interfaces.

Table 1 Routes between the M2000 and the NodeB through the BSC6900

Equipment

M2000

Forward Route

From the M2000 to the NodeB

Reverse Route

OM network segment
19.19.19.X, withForward route
address to be the external virtual
IP address of the OMU, that is,
172.121.139.200

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Table 1 Routes between the M2000 and the NodeB through the BSC6900

Equipment

BSC6900

Forward Route

Reverse Route

From the OMU to the NodeB

From the IP

OM network segment

interface board

19.19.19.X, withForward route

of

address to be the internal IP

theBSC6900 to

address of the IP interface board

the M2000 IP

at the BSC6900, that is,

network

80.168.3.66

segment
172.121.139.X

If layer 2 networking is applied,


add a route to the OM IP address
of the NodeB. Forward route
address must be the IP address of
the NodeB interface board.
If layer 3 networking is applied,
add a route to the OM IP address
of the NodeB. Forward route
address must be the gateway IP
address on theBSC6900 side.

You can
configure the
route on
theBSC6900 sid
e. When you
run this
command,
set EMS IP
Address to the
IP address of
the M2000,
set Subnet
mask to the

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Table 1 Routes between the M2000 and the NodeB through the BSC6900

Equipment

Forward Route

Reverse Route

subnet mask of
the M2000, and
specify the
values of OMU
External
Network
Virtual
IP andOMU
External
Network
NodeB

Mask. In this
From the

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Table 1 Routes between the M2000 and the NodeB through the BSC6900

Equipment

Forward Route

Reverse Route

NodeB to the
M2000 IP
network
segment
172.121.139.X

If layer 2
networking is
applied to the
Iub
interface,Forw
ard route
address is the
IP address of
the IP interface
board at
theBSC6900,
that is,
16.16.16.1.

If layer 3
networking is
applied to the
Iub
interface,Forw
ard route
address is the
gateway IP
address on the
NodeB side.

Routing Between the M2000 and the NodeB Not Through the BSC6900

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If the OM subnet where the M2000 is located is connected to the IP network that covers the
NodeB, routes can be configured between the M2000 and the NodeB not through
the BSC6900. Figure 2 shows an example of routing between the M2000 and the NodeB
not through the BSC6900. Table 2 describes the routes.
Figure 2 Example of the routes between the M2000 and the NodeB not through
the BSC6900

Table 2 Routes between the M2000 and the NodeB not through the BSC6900

Equipment

M2000

Forward Route

From the M2000 to the NodeB

Reverse Route

OM network segment
19.19.19.X, withForward route
address being the port IP
address of router 1, that is,
10.161.215.200

Router 1

From router 1 to the NodeB OM

network segment 19.19.19.X,


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Table 2 Routes between the M2000 and the NodeB not through the BSC6900

Equipment

Forward Route

Reverse Route

withForward route
address being the port IP
address of router 2, that is,
172.16.16.10

Router 2

NodeB

From router 2 to the NodeB OM

From router 2 to the M2000

network segment 19.19.19.X,

network segment

withForward route

10.161.215.100, withForwar

address being the IP address of

route address being the port

the IP interface board at the

address of router 1, that is,

NodeB, that is, 16.16.16.2

172.16.16.9

From the NodeB to the M2


network segment

10.161.215.100, withForw

route address being the po


IP address of router 2, that
16.16.16.20

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