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ICDS12

International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation


LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

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LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

BALANCE OF AN INSPECTION CYCLE - 2001 / 2011

Lus Ribeiro Freire, Estradas de Portugal

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Carlos Santinho Horta, Estradas de Portugal

DURABLE STRUCTURES

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LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

1 - HISTORICAL EVOLUTION

ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

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LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

- 1999 - Extinction of JAE and JAE-SA and the creation of three institutes - IEP, ICOR
and ICERR;
- 2001 - Collapse of Hintze Ribeiro Bridge;

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- 2002 - Merger of IEP, ICOR and ICERR, into a single institute - IEP Instituto das
Estradas de Portugal;

- 2003 - Contract of Provision and Implementation of a Bridge Management System.


- 2004 - Conversion of IEP into a public business enterprise, named Estradas de
Portugal - E.P.E.

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- 2005 - First bridge inventory, assessed approximately in 5 600 structures;


- Beginning of PROPIS Program for Underwater Inspections 2005-2009.

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18 procedures to update the Inventory and to carry out 5.400 Routine


Inspections

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- 2006 -

- 4 procedures to carry out 1.500 Main Inspections


- Project aggregations.

- 2007 -

EP E.P.E. is converted into a joint-stock company with public funds, named


Estradas de Portugal S.A.
- First complete inventory, assessing the entire EPs patrimony in approximately
5500 bridges;
- First complete assessment of maintenance needs - IR
- LNEC gives its assent to SGOAs premises.

- 2008

- Creation of DCM Construction and Maintenance Directorate.


- Conclusion of the procedures that began in 2006.
- Beginning of the Underwater Inspections campaign to all bridges affected by the
2007/2008 winter.

ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

- 2009 -

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LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

Strategic decision to do all SGOA activities with internal resources.

- DCM gives formation to COs technical staff about Inventory and Routine
Inspections.

- 2010 -

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- Approval of a Training Program in Main Inspections to over 16 Engineers, in


coordination with the cole Nationale des Ponts en Chausses.
Approval of the 2nd SGOA Manuals Revision, by LNEC;

- Main Inspections done by internal resources;


- 2011 -

Conclusion of the 1st Cycle of Main Inspections to the whole set


of bridges under EPs responsibility, which started in 2006;

- Publicizing of the 1st Procedure to the Service Provision of Complementary


Resources of Diagnosis, Testing and Access with Mobile Platforms.

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- Implementation of SGOC Retaining Walls Maintenance Management System.

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Conclusion of Underwater Inspections Manual;

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- 2012 -

- Procedure for an Underwater Inspections Campaign 2012;


- Development of Guides for Bridge Diagnosis;
- Beginning of the 1st Service Provision of Complementary Resources of
Diagnosis;
- Inspection campaigns for particular bridges - LNEC;
- Updating the computer application GOA.

ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

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LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

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2 MANAGEMENT MODEL

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SCG Information
INSPECTIONS
INSPEC
ES

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Inventories
Invent rio

CO s

Routine
Insp . Rotina
Insp.

COs

Principal
Insp . Principais
Insp.

Historical
Hist
rico
Record

Construction
and
Maintenance
DCM
Directorate
(DCM)

Underwater
Insp . Subaqu
Insp.
ticas
Damage
Insp . deInsp.
Dano

Special
Insp . Especiais
Insp.

Information
Updating

Specific Survey

INTERVENTION
OBRA
Operations
Centros
Centre
(COs)
Operacionais

EM
GOOD
BOM
BAD
EM MAU

Trabalhos
Maintenance
de
Works
Manuten o

EC
EC 0
1
EC
EC 1
2
EC
EC 2
3
EC
EC 3
4
EC
EC 4
5
EC 5

PROJECT
PROJECTO
Direco
Projectsde
Directorate
Projectos

de
Repair
Reparao
Works

ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

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LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

The Conservation Management Model allows all information on bridges to be correctly organized and
handled, making it a fundamental instrument for the management of these structures;

The Bridge Maintenance Management System consists of a series of activities in constant


development and improvement;

The set of activities that belong to the Bridge Maintenance Management System is transversal to the
different EP directorates;

The Conservation Management Model is completely integrated in EPs operations, ensuring the
reliability of results.

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DURABLE STRUCTURES

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LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

3 BRIDGE MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

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LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

The Bridge Conservation Management System allows a vast knowledge


of bridges Conditional Rating through a periodic update of the set of
activities that support the system:
The Bridge Inventory consists of Technical, Administrative and
Constitutive data and requires permanent updating;

The Routine Inspection is a visual assessment of bridge


maintenance needs. When damage detected are considered
important, a Main Inspections can be requested;

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The Main Inspection is a visual assessment of the safety of all


bridge components that, according to their importance, allows the
inspector to grade the urgency of the bridge intervention with as
indicator factor called Condition Rating;

The Underwater Main Inspection is a visual assessment of the


safety of the underwater bridge components, as well as the
river bed.

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DURABLE STRUCTURES

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LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

4 SUMMARY OF ACTIVITIES

ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

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LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

4 SUMMARY OF ACTIVITIES

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4.1 Patrimony Analysis

DURABLE STRUCTURES

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4.1.1 Distribution, by district, of EP bridges or those directly involved in its roads


EP Direct Management

Interferes with EP roads

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400

300

200

100

- On December 31, 2011, the system database


showed 5.029 bridges surveyed in EPs direct
management or directly involved in its road
network.

EP Direct Management
Interferes with EP roads

ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

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LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

4.1.2 Distribution of EP bridges, by type (in December 31, 2012)


2000

1805

1750
1500
1250

984

750

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1000

534

500

399
150

250
0

Outras

509

159

Passagem Passagem de Passagem


Agrcola
Pees
Hidrulica

Passagem
Inferior

Passagem
Superior

Ponte

Tnel

Viaduto

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- Water Ducts prevails over other types of structures (40%) .

DURABLE STRUCTURES

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4.1.3 Distribution of EP bridges, by length (in December 31, 2012)

- Theres a predominance of bridges with a length lower than 50m (84%). In this set prevail bridges with a
length below 10m (55%).

ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

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LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

4.1.4 Distribution of EP bridges, by deck material type (in December 31, 2012)

4%

3%

Reiforced Concrete

19%

40%

Masonry

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Precast/Prestressed Concrete
Flexible Culverts (ARMCO)

34%

Steel and Composite Steel and


Concrete

The predominance of masonry structures is related to the age of the Portuguese road network;

The predominance of concrete structures is related to the reduced length of the bridges that are part of
EPs patrimony.

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DURABLE STRUCTURES

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LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

4 SUMMARY OF ACTIVITIES
4.2 Routine Inspections

ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

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LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

4.2.1 Multi-year Routine Inspections Plan


6000

5502

5000

4000

3261

3000

2596

2000

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2483

1575

1000
321

38

0
2006

2007
1st Cycle

2008

2009

2010

2011

2nd Cycle

2012

3rd Cycle

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- In each 2 years cycle, a campaign of Routine Inspections is carried out for all EP bridges.

DURABLE STRUCTURES

LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

4.2.2 Main Inspections carried out as a result of the Routine Inspections requests
Routine Inspections
6000

Principal Inspection Requests

Confirmed Requests

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5502

5000

4000

3261

3000

2000

1575

907

1000

321

2483

17

208

17

2006

2007

1st Cycle

38

2008

153

295

46

2009

2010

45

136

58

2011

2nd Cycle

The request of a Main Inspections usually results from an alert situation in a Routine Inspection;

Main Inspections are only carried out when its anticipation is justified;

Following the Main Inspections, a great amount of interventions have been carried out, preventing a more
severe evolution of detected damage.

ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

12

LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

4 SUMMARY OF ACTIVITIES

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4.3 Main Inspections

DURABLE STRUCTURES

LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

4.3.1 Distribution or Main Inspections done by internal and external resources


Internal
Resources
Meios Internos

1400

Outsourced
Contratao Externa

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1200
1000

800

67
15

454

1097

900

904

847

0
2011

2012

116
691

600

734

36

400

387

349

200

2001

2002

2003

40

8
80

7
65

2004

2005

2006

54

2007

2008

2009

2010

Since June 2010, all Main Inspections to ordinary bridges are done by EPs technical staff;

In 2011, the first cycle of 5 years ended, with all EP bridges assessed;

The second cycle of Main Inspections will start in 2012 and will last until 2016. In this period of time, almost
5.150 bridges will be inspected;

For the planning of this second cycle a great number of new bridges will be added to EPs patrimony duo to the
incorporation of Grande Lisboa and Douro Litoral concessions.

ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES
90

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LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012


85

4.3.2 Multi-year Main Underwater Inspections Plan

80

68

70
60
50

30

40

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40

35

40

24

20
8

10

0
2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

1st Cycle
2009

2010

2nd
Cycle
2011

2012

1 ciclo
2 ciclo
Main Underwater Inspections are held every 4 years in approximately 150 bridges
which foundations
are
permanently under water;

These Inspections are carried out in a 2 years cycle, when and where needed;

To date, an Underwater Inspections Manual is being developed, to increase the technical knowledge about
the behavior of bridge underwater components.

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DURABLE STRUCTURES

LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

4.3.3 Condition Rating of EP Bridges

3,90%

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14,75%
14%

0,52%
0,74%

26,00%
EC0
EC1
EC2

54,09%

EC3
EC4
EC5

At the end of 2009, the percentage of bridges with EC4 and EC5 was 6%. This percentage decreased to a
value of 4,42%, in the end of 2011.

At the end of 2011, the percentage of EC3 was 14,75%. It follows that almost 80,83% of bridges are considered
in a Very Good or Good condition.

ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

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LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

4 SUMMARY OF ACTIVITIES

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4.4 Interventions in bridges with Condition Ratings of EC4 e EC5

DURABLE STRUCTURES

LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

4.4.1 Progress in solving EC4 and EC5 detected


Unsolved
/ cumulative
Por
resolver/acumulado

Detected
/ cumulative
Detectadas/acumuladas

Solutionde
inresoluo
hand
Previso

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450

404

Solved / cumulative
Resolvidos/acumulados
421

408

421

400

300

150

117

75

50

74

2002

137

73

2003

141

174

82

96

75

2001

274
216

181

200

100

299

235

250

353

340

350

87 26

2004

45

62

92

119

153

158

166

188

147

91

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

68
13

2013

2014

The diagram shows the number of bridges with EC4 and EC5 detected in Main Inspections.
It also shows the number of bridges with Solved situations, due to the conclusion of its intervention, or due
to the fact that they were transferred to other organization or were deactivated.
Per year the diagram shows the number of Bridges with Unsolved situations transfer from the year before.

ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

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LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

4.4.2 Annual distribution of studies and projects of EP bridges


Bridges
withcom
Project
Obras de arte
projecto

Studies
Estudos

220
200
180
160

144

143

140

112

120
100

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85

80

87

64

58

60

52

58

40
20

2001

41

20
20

23

2002

2003

2004

38

6 6

19

2005

65

55

23

21
21

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

The study combines projects of several bridges located in the same area, with similar damages and identical
intervention priority.

To date a study on all Foot Bridges is under development. Due to their particular dimension and need of
strategic analysis, this study will allow the planning and prioritization of interventions.

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DURABLE STRUCTURES

LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

4.4.3 Annual distribution of interventions in EP bridges


Repaired
Reabilitadas

Priority temporary
intervention
Interveno
prioritria
provisria

EC4eand
EC4
EC5EC5

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180
160

159

140

149

120
100

80

89

60

23

40

20

2001

2002

2
8

2003

15

29

2004

17 21 17

2005

33

11

2006

33
20

2007

8
12

16

11

34

2008

48
29
2009

37
35

77
53

48

23
16

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

7
1
2015

Until 2010, over 333 interventions were performed.


Until 2014, over 447 interventions are expected to be performed.
Until 2015, all bridges with EC4 and EC5 are expected to be solved, for most of them are planned to be
intervene in 2012 and 2013.

ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

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LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

4.4.4 Absolut Amounts of the Operational Investment


Bridge
Benef.Repair/
/Requal.
Rehabilitation
Obras Arte

550

Network
Periodic
Cons.
Peridica
Conservation

450

414,3

409,5

392,2

400
350

Maintenance

505,4

495,9

500

Network
Continuous
Cons.
Corrente

355,0

338,5

321,6

Construction
Construo of new
roads and bridges

TOTAL
Total Operacional

370,2

326,4

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288,3

300

262,1

256,3

236,6

250

222,8

206,9

205,4

200

176,3

149,3

150

137,5

116,2

77,6

100
50

27,4

22,0

3,0

3,8

3,5

2001

2002

2003

94,6

76,7

41,7

43,1

36,7

159,4 ( T.O. )

127,0

110,2

87,4

92,3

40,8

38,2

55,1

90,1

54,0 ( O.A. )

39,4

65,4

52,0 ( C.C. )

41,5

37,2 ( Cst. )
16,2 ( C.P. )

13,6

16,6

17,9

17,2

33,1

31,6

25,8

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Until 2007 - Amounts including taxes.

Since 2008 - Amounts without taxes, due to EPs new legislative framework;

Summarizing, the amounts due to bridge requalification and common conservation have been increasing, due
to EPs campaign to preserve its patrimony.

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DURABLE STRUCTURES

LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

4.4.5 Operational Investment Analysis


Bridge Repair/
Rehabilitation

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Network Periodic
Conservation

0,6%

0,9%

0,8%

2,7%

4,2%

Network Continuous
Maintenance

Construction of new
roads and bridges

33,9%

11,5%
5,0%

5,2%

8,5%

11,6%

ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

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LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

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5 PLANNING FOR THE FUTURE

DURABLE STRUCTURES

LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

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The future in the Bridge Conservation Management domain:


Strategic Planning
Technical Developments
Management Planning

ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

Strategic Planning:

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LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

Updating the computer application where the Bridge Maintenance


Management System is based on, with the aim of:
Developing the Inspections Planning;

Integrate the evolutional improvements of SGOA;

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Highlight all the information concerning the Inventory and the Inspections;
Access and registration control of changed information;

Development of Pivot Tables, to allow the selections of results according to


the persuade objectives;
Flexibility, fitting the management needs of EP;

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SGOAs integration and interaction with other EPs computer applications,


such as Gesto Documental, SIG, Planeamento.

DURABLE STRUCTURES

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Technical Developments:

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Continue the technical training of Inspectors to introduce skills that


increase their ability of making a proper assessment of bridges safety
conditions.
Pursuit the development and improvement of Manuals and the System
support documentation.
Management Planning:

Believe in a technical and financial support to keep a cycle of preventive


interventions (3 to 5 years) progressively decreasing the reactive
interventions (1 to 2 years).
Integrated management of the different management systems developed in EP
for other structures, such as SGOA, SGPAV, SGOC.

ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

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LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

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SGOA BALANCE OF AN INSPECTION CYCLE - 2001 / 2011