Anda di halaman 1dari 41

Analysis of Selected Motor Event

and Starting Reports

Derrick Haas, Jason Young,


and Ryan McDaniel
Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc.

Copyright SEL 2012

Discussion Topics
Introduction
Motor start and mechanical problem
Current unbalance
Self-balancing differential
RTD protection

Discussion Topics
Full phase differential
Loss of field
Self-clearing fault
Conclusions

Introduction
More than 85% of load for industrial users
Response to failure repair versus replace
Root-cause analysis
Event reports, motor trending data, load
trending data

Event 1: Event Report

Current (A) or Thermal Capacity Used


(percent 10)

Motor Start Report (MSR)


1800
1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0

10
IA

20

30
Time (s)
IB

40
IC

50
TCU 10

60

Time Versus Current Plot


100

Time (s)

10

0.1

3
Motor Thermal
Limit Curve

4
5
Current ( FLA)
Relay Curve #3

Motor Starting
Current

Current (A) or Thermal Capacity Used


(percent 10)

MSR From September


1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
0

10
IA

20

30
Time (s)
IB

40
IC

50

60

TCU 10

Summary of MSRs
Report

Date

Start Time
(s)

Maximum
Current (A)

MSR5

9/30/10

13.3

1,446

MSR4

10/12/10

15.5

1,492

MSR3

12/15/10

15.1

1,531

MSR2

12/15/10

11.3

1,506

MSR1

12/15/10

15.3

1,515

Current (A) or Thermal Capacity Used


(percent 10)

MSR With Curve = 4


1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
0

10
IA

20

30
Time (s)
IB

40
IC

50
TCU 10

60

Event 2: Phasor View


90
135

180

VBC(V)

IB(A) 45

VAB(V)
IC(A)
IA(A)
225

VCA(V)
270

315

0
45
degrees

Relay Settings
CT ratio = 50:5 (10)
FLA = 38.9 A primary
Negative-sequence pickup = 0.5 FLA
Negative-sequence definite-time delay = 0.1 s
Current unbalance 46 pickup = 20%
Current unbalance time delay = 5 s

Negative-Sequence Overcurrent TRIP

Event 3: Self-Balancing Differential


C

A
87A
50:5

50:5

87B
87C

50:5

16,000 hp
Motor

Conduit From Motor


Relay in
to Switchgear
Switchgear Door

Filtered Event Report

Raw Event Report

Diagram With Short-Circuit Locations


B

A
87A
50:5
87B

50:5
87C
50:5

16,000 hp
Motor

Conduit From Motor


Relay in
to Switchgear
Switchgear Door

Report After Correction

Event 4: RTD Trending Data


250
230

Temperature (C)

210
190
170
150
130
110
90
70
50
16:40 21:40 2:40 7:40 12:40 17:40 22:40 3:40 8:40 13:40 18:4023:40 4:40

5/20

5/21

5/22

5/23

Time of Day
RTD 1

RTD1

RTD 2 RTD 4
RTD2

RTD4

RTD 5

RTD5

RTD 7

RTD7

RTD 8

RTD8

Event 5: Event Report

A-Phase Currents
4000

Primary Current (A)

3000
2000
1000
0
1000
2000
3000
4000

Winding 1 A
Winding 2 A

6 7
8 9
Time (cycles)

10 11 12 13 14 15

B-Phase Currents
4000

Primary Current (A)

3000
2000
1000
0
1000
2000
3000
4000

Winding 1 B
Winding 2 B

6 7
8 9
Time (cycles)

10 11 12 13 14 15

C-Phase Currents
4000

Primary Current (A)

3000
2000
1000
0
1000
2000
3000
4000

Winding 1 C
Winding 2 C

6 7
8 9
Time (cycles)

10 11 12 13 14 15

Solution 1: Time Delay

87U
(Unrestrained
differential)
IN1
87R
(Differential)

600

XT
0

X Timer

MTU3 (Trip 3
to lock out relay)
MTU1 (Trip 1
for event reports)

Solution 2: Adjust Sensitivity

Replay With Settings Change

Event 6: One-Line Diagram

x
Generator
Relay

Motor
Relay
87

M
y

Event Report

Normal Load Phasors


90
135

VCAX(V)

45

ICX(A)

180

VABX(V)
IBX(A)

225

IAX(A)
VBCX(V)
270

315

Phasors During Loss-of-Field Event


90
135

VCAX(V)

45

ICX(A)
IAX(A)
180

VABX(V)
IBX(A)
225

VBCX(V)
270

315

Event 7: Relay A Event Report

Relay B Event Report


1200
1000

Current (A)

800
600
400
200
0

-200
-400
1
IA

4
IB

7
IC

10

13

16

Cycles
IA Differential
IB Differential

19
IC Differential

22

Closer Look at Relay A Event Report

14,000 hp Motor

Incoming and Neutral Conductors


C-Phase Neutral Conductor

Top View of Conductors

C-Phase Neutral Conductor

C-Phase Incoming Conductor

C-Phase Incoming Conductor

Area of Deep Insulation


Erosion

10 Inches of Visible Tracking


Seen in the C-Phase
Incoming Conductor

Ground Point

C-Phase
Neutral Conductor

Burn Mark to Ground

Fault Representation
A

Moisture
Ground
Connection

14,000 hp Motor

Conclusions
False trip or failure of a motor can halt
a process
Event reports should be analyzed in detail,
regardless of company replacement policy
for motors
Lessons learned from event reports
can be used to make operations safer
and more reliable

Questions?