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A.

Background and Justifications:


Arsenic in tube well water was first founded in Bangladesh in 1993 by the Department of
Public Health Engineering (DPHE) in Chapai Nawabganj (Smedleyand Kinniburgh, 2002;
Ahmed et al., 2004).At present prevalence of arsenic in drinking water has been identified 61
out of 64 districts in Bangladesh (except hilly districts).In 268(at present 271) out of 463
upazilas of the country the problem identifies the survey of DPHE-UNICEF and DPHE-BGS
(British Geological survey).Survey of DPHE-UNISEF in 198 safe upazilas identified 12 more
upozilas having arsenic problem. Excess amount of arsenic intake above the permissible limit
in human body makes arsenicosis diseases Maximum permissible limit for Bangladesh 0.05
mg/l. WHO (World Health Organization) guideline value 0.01 mg/l.
From the Action Research on Community-Based Arsenic Mitigation' project for the period
June 1999- June 2000 of BRAC, we got information about dangerous arsenic contamination
in water of Sonargaon upazila of Narayanganj district. It covers results of testing, resource
mapping of Sonargaon upazila of Narayanganj district , (in central Bangladesh) is a lowlying area and is flooded every year, the upazila is within the zone of severe arsenic
contamination.90% tube wells were tested in Sonargaon upazila 62% of the wells contain
arsenic above 100 ppb1, had dangerous concentration. Village-wise analysis revealed that
74% villages of Sonargaon had more than half of their wells contaminated.

Therefore we selected the village pakundia of sonargoan upozila for our project
implementation, to ensure the supply of arsenic free pure drinking water for 40 families (200
people). Arsenic is considered to be a high-priority substance for screening in drinking-water
sources. The poor rural people are the main sufferer as they dont have the basic knowledge
of health safety and remedy. Thats how the need for the project was identified.

To help Government to meet Millennium Development Goals of Bangladesh for ensuring


safe drinking water supply for the inhabitants by the year 2015. National Policy for Arsenic
Mitigation, of 2004, emphasizes decentralization, user participation, the role of women, and
"appropriate pricing rules". The Arsenic Mitigation Policy gives "preference to surface water
over groundwater".

Project implementation requires that villagers understand the need for arsenic mitigation from
a health standpoint and the costs and benefits of the arsenic removal project, involving
community members in selection and implementation of a source of arsenic-free drinking
water. The project not only attempts to shift villagers use of unsafe water sources to treated
water supplies, but also to pay for the cost to operate and maintain the new system, and to
make them aware about danger of arsenic contamination and its consequences.

The optimum use of the local resources in implementing the project is the driving force. First
of all local village women with limited educational background will be selected for
developing local awareness. With some training it is possible for semi-or illiterate female
village volunteers to test the tube well water for arsenic. Villagers will provide the land for
tube well installation and assistance. The arsenic testing kits will be provided by BRAC. Key
activities involve community meetings; home visits by health educators and water committee
members, dramatic performances, and video and print media to inform people about arsenic
issues. Communication methods will be designed to be effective with villagers of all literacy
and educational levels.

During the course of project implementation, we will collaborate with different Government
bodies like, local DPHE, Sub-Assistant Engineer of Sonargaon upazila, the local elected
bodies the Union Parishad chairman and the members can help for site selection for
construction and distribution of different options. We will take the assistance of BRAC who
is associated with Revitalization of community Heath Care Initiatives in Bangladesh
(RCHCIB). BRAC has encouraged the use of sanitary latrines and hand tube wells as a
source of drinking water. Concerned Government staff will provide technical and secretarial
support to the Community Group (CG) for smooth functioning of dug well implantation.
BRAC will help us with arsenic test kit to detect arsenic in the water.

B. Objectives of this project:


The development objective of the project is:
To ensure the supply of arsenic free pure drinking water for 40 families (200 people) of
village pakundia of sonargoan upozila that help Government to meet Millennium

Development Goals of Bangladesh for ensuring safe drinking water supply for the inhabitants
by the year 2015.
If our project will successful, it provides safe drinking and cooking water for arsenic affected
area. People are aware about the arsenic caused health problems.
The Immediate objective of the project is:

To awareness rising about the danger of arsenic.

To develop resource maps of different villages of the project area which later will
help safe water implementation plan (through deep hand tube well)

C. Project Implementation and Management Plan:


Project activities and work plan:

(Table: 1)

Name of the Project:


Supply of Arsenic Free Water for Village Pakundia of Sonargoan Upazila

The above mentioned project a Rural. The project will be started.

The project will implement a specific area of the Bangladesh.

Division

District

Upazila

Union

Village

Dhaka

Narayanganj

Sonargoan

Jampur

Pakundia

Which related area will be Water supply, Arsenic Removal Technology.


Cover?
What arsenic related activities Awareness Campaign , Arsenic Mitigation Activities
will be performing?
Duration time of the project

From : 1stJune 2015

To: 31st July2015

Funded by

Donor Funded, Self-Funded, Community Contribution,


personal donor.

If donor funded, What will be MTBL, Jamuna Bank Ltd, BRAC, City Group.
the name of the donor?
Cost of the project

Tk. 230,200/=

Work plan: (Table: 2)


Days

Work activities

Responsible person

1.06.2015 -15.06.2015

Survey about arsenic

Oishee Manee
Dilruba Khanam and
Adrita Razzaque

16.06.2015

Analysis information

17.06.2015 5.07.2015 Fund collection

Md. FirozAlam

Mohammad Shahidul
Islam Khan

6.07.2015 20.07.2015 Installation deep hand tube Broewell Limited


well
21.07.201526.07.2015 Build platform
27.07.2015

Broewell Limited

Sing board and message Mohammad Shahidul


write

Islam Khan

28.07.2015

Arsenic test

BRCA

31.07.2015

Handling the deep tube wall BRCA


to community

Information about the Implementing Organization :( Table: 3)


Name of the Organization

Lead

Agency:

BRAC

Broewell Limited

Type of the Organization

and NGO (Non-Government Organization) and construction


company.

Project Beneficiaries:
40 families of Pakundia village will be directly benefited by this project. Each family consists
of 5 members, which mean 200 people will be benefited. Among them 150 are women and
children. Throughout the duration of the project, emphasis will be placed on ensuring that the

community to be involved as an integral part of the implementing force. Preference will be


given to community-based options to allow for a greater role for local participation and
decision-making and make use of local knowledge. The people of the project areas will be
involved in implementing the project. In the village multiple meetings will be held at
different stages of the project to inform and involve the community. At these meetings the
villagers will decided where the community-based systems would be best located and then
will be committed to maintaining the system. Villagers contribute fund, land and bamboo for
this project. We have decided to set up deep hand tube well because most of alternatives of
providing safe water supply to the villagers are depend on surface water. In dry season
surface water dried out and rain fall become less so, it will be hard to get sufficient water for
use. If deep hand tube well will set up, they will get water every season.

Implementing agent management


a) This project has been go ahead by the assistance of BRAC and Broewell Limited. Using
their working experience we will do our work. We will personally go in the site along with a
group of specialists. We will divide our work. BRAC will help us with resources like arsenic
test kit, providing awareness mechanisms, training etc. BRAC will also help us with funding.
Broewell Limited will help us for installing deep hand Tube well.

b) We have a great hope on our project. It is our first project. We wish we will be successful
in our project implication and also gather knowledge regarding this field that will help us to
expand to other areas and sectors regarding development of under privileged people. We have
already selected some areas where help is needed quickly, like: Lakshmipur, satkhira,
faridpur etc. But we have to also think about our resources, financing, favorable situation,
money, time, and authority support these are required to startup a project.

D. Project Monitoring and Evaluation:


The project work Mr. Amir Hossain, field manager of BRAC and we are also will monitor
the project activities and report to the head of the projector. We monitor whether the work

activities are occurred as planned or not. According to the report of Mr. Amir Hossain chief
engineer directed the worker or construction company properly.

E. Project Budget:
Table: 3
Estimate cost of the total project
SI. No

Description

Amount(in BDT)

Survey activities

5000.00

(transportation, phone,
stationeries )
2

Awareness activity program

2000.00

Installation DHTW

223101.36

Total cost of project

230101.36

Estimated cost for Deep Hand Tube Well installation Budget summary sheet (for 300
meter depth) : (Table :4)

Item

Brief Description of Item

Unit

Quantity

No
1

Boring by using 100 mm dia from 0.0 to

Unit rate

Amount

(in BDT)

(in BDT)

300m = total 300m

i.

0 50

50

60

3000.00

ii.

51 100

50

65

3250.00

iii.

101 -150

50

70

3500.00

iv.

151 200

50

75

3750.00

v.

201 250

50

80

4000.00

vi.

251 -300

50

85

4250.00

292.35

66.52

19447.12

1.50

420

630.00

1.00

80

80.00

6.15

110

676.50

1.00

58

58.00

38 mm dia uPVC pipe ( RFL) including


cost of solvent cement and fitting etc

38 mm dia GI pipe

38 mm dia socket adapter

38 mm dia pvc strainer

38 mm dia pvc end cap

Red oxide (2 coats)

Kg

.50

600

300.00

Synthetic Enamel Paint (2 coats Burger)

Liter

.25

680

170.00

16 mm dia rod 1.00 m length = 1.5 kg

1.00

185.00

185.00

1.00

2200

2200.00

(including making charge)


10

No. 6 pump set (RFL)

Each

11

Carrying charge with Bentonyte (3

5000.00

sacks)
Sub total
Part B

50496.62

Sign Board and Arsenic test

1.

Cost for platform

4378.72

2.

Test for Arsenic

LS

300

300.00

Sign board and message writing

each

500

500.00

Sub total

5278.72

Total cost of each tube well

55,775.34
4

Total tube well in Sonargoan Upazila

223101.36

Grand total
7

223101.36

(Table: 5)
Details cost estimation for platform (5*5 feet) Requirement of material
SI No

Name of item

Unit

Quantity Rate

Total amount
(in BDT)

Earth excavation

14.4

2.5

36.00

Brick 1st class

Nos

185

8.5

1572.50

Sand (local)

Cft.

7.2

10

72.00

Sand

Cft.

25

125.00

Brick chips

Cft.

60

240.00

Cement

Bag

420

1680.00
3725.50

Labor cost estimation


1

Single layer brick flat soling

Sft.

21.2

84.80

Plaster work (1/2) with NCF

Sft.

23.92

167.44

Edge wall

Sft.

33.6

10

336

Mass concrete work (1:2:4)

Cft.

4.6

11

50.6

Sand filling (FM = 0.5)

Cft.

7.19

14.38
653.22

Total

4378.72

Financing the project:


Financing for the Deep Hand Tube Well project: (Table : 6)
SI No.

Name of the person/ organization

Amount

Community (40 household)

25200.00

Personal donation (60 people)

20000.00

Mutual Trust Bank Ltd

40000.00

City Group

40000.00

BRAC

65000.00

Jamuna Bank Ltd

40000.00

Total

230,200.00

References:
Government of Bangladesh (GOB) National Water Policy 2004
National Policy for Arsenic Mitigation 2004
www.BRACnet
Arsenic contamination of groundwater in Bangladesh, Vol 2: Final report.
http://www.ircwash.org/sites/default/files/822-BD00-16674.pdf
According to Md. Jakariya Arsenic in drinking water of Bangladesh and mitigation
challenges: Experience of BRAC at 6.19.2005 in VOL NO REGD NO DA 1589

http://www.dphe.gov.bd
According to Zinatunnessa R.M.M.Khuda Arsenic contamination of groundwater: a holistic
approach in management of the environmental disaster at Disaster in Bangladesh Selected
Reading.