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WORDSWORTH COLLECTION

MADE BY

CYNTHIA MORGAN ST. JOHN

ITHACA. N. Y.

THE GIFT OF

VICTOR EMANUEL

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Cornell University

Library

The original of this book is in

the Cornell University Library.

There are no known copyright restrictions in the United States on the use of the text.

http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924103991349

THE

MIGHT AND MIRTH

OF

LITERATURE.

A TREATISE ON FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE. IN WHICH UPWARDS OF SIX HUNDRED WRITERS ARE

REFERRED TO, AND TWO HUNDRED AND

TWENTY FIGURES ILLUSTRATED.

EMBRACING A COMPLETE SURVEY, ON AN ENTIRELY NEW PLAN, OF ENGLISH AND

AMERICAN LITERATURE, INTERSPERSED WITH HISTORICAL NOTICES OF THE

PROGRESS OF THE LANGUAGE, WITH ANECDOTES OF MANY OF THE

AUTHORS, AND WITH DISCUSSIONS OF THE FUNDAMENTAL

PRINCIPLES OF CRITICISM AND OF THE

WEAPONS OF ORATORY.

By JOHN WALKER VILANT MACBETH.

NEW YORK:

HARPER & BROTHERS, PUBLISHERS,

FRANKLIN SQUARE.

1375.

J3

pT=^TH73T-p

s

\ o

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1875, by

Harper & Brothers,

In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.

JDcbkcxicfc bg tt)e &tttl)0r

TO THE

Rev. GEORGE S. MOTT, D.D.,

PASTOR OF THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, FLEMINGTON, N. J.,

IN SINCERE ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF WISE ADVICE AND THE MOST FRIENDLY OFFICES AS TO THE PUBLICATION OF THIS VOLUME.

Introductory Notice.

The object of this volume is to create and fully equip a new

branch of study ; to discuss Figures of Speech far more thor>- oughly than ever has been done; to urge upon pleaders, preach-

ers, and all who write or speak English, many very important practical advices ; to comment specially on Shakespeare, Milton,

Demosthenes, and the Bible; to present a wide review of Ameri-

can and English Literat?ire ;

and to make

the whole subject

as amusing and laughter-exciting as it is instructive.

Also, we

have availed ourselves of our familiarity with Latin, Greek, and

Hebrew ; and with four of the modem languages, Fre?ich, Ger-

man, Italian, and Spanish.

A

LIST OF AUTHORS

WITH BIRTH, DEATH, AND COUNTRY.

Abbadie, Rev. Jacques ; France; 1654-1727.

Adams, John Quincy ; United States ; 1767-1848.

Adams, Thomas ; published 1613-1633.

Addison, Joseph ; England;

1672-1719.

Aird, Thomas; Scotland; 1802.

Akenside, Mark; England; 1 721-1770.

Alcasus; Greece; about 611 B.C.

Alexander, J. A. ; United States ; 1809.

Alfred, King ; England ; 849-900.

Alison, Sir Archibald ; Scotland; 1792-1867.

Allison, Sir Richard; England; published 1599. Allston, Washington; United States ; 1779-1843.

Ambrose, Saint ; Gaul ; 340-397.

Ames, Fisher; United States ; 1 758-1 808.

Anacreon ; Greece ; died 476 B.C.

Anselm (Archbishop of Canterbury) ; Piedmont ; 1033-1109.

Anthon, Charles ; United States ; 1797-1867.

Arbuthnot, John ; Scotland; about 1675 1735.

Ariosto, Ludovico ; Italy; 1474-1532.

Aristophanes; Greece; about 460-380 B.C. Aristotle ; Greece ; 384-322 B.C.

Arnold, Edwin; England; published 1856.

Arnold, Matthew ; England; 1822.

Arnold, Thomas ; England; 1795-1842.

Arthur, T. S. ; United States; 1809.

Atkinson, Thomas ; published 17911799.

Atterbury, Francis ; England; 1662-1732. Augustine, Saint Aurelius ; Africa; 354-430.

Austen, Jane; England; 1775-1817.

Ayton, Sir Robert ; Scotland; 1570-1638. Aytoun, William E. ; Scotland ; 1S13-1865.

iv

List of Authors.

Bacon, Lord; England; 1561-1626.

Baggesen; Denmark; 1764-1826. Baillie, Joanna ; Scotland; 1762-1851.

Bancroft, George ; United States ; 1800 ; living in 1875.

Barbauld, Mrs. Anna Laetitia ; England ; 1 743-1825. Barbour, John ; Scotland; died 1396.

Barham, Richard Harris ("Thomas Ingoldsby") ; England; 1788-1845.

Barlow, Joel; United States ; 1755-1812. Barnard, Lady Anne ; Scotland; 1750-1825. Barnes, Albert ; United States ; 1 798-1 870. Barnes, William ; England ; published 1803. Barrow, Isaac ; England; 1630-1677.

Barthelemy, Jean Jacques ; France; 1716-1795.

Barton, Bernard ; England; 1 784-1849.

Bascom, John; Professor in Williams College; living in 1875.

Bayle, Pierre ; France; 1647-1706.

Bayly, Thomas Haynes ; England; 1 797-1 839.

Beattie, James ; Scotland; 1735-1803.

Beaumont, Sir Francis ; England; 15S6-1616. Bedell, Gregory T. ; United States; 1793-1834.

Beddoes, Thomas Lovell ; England; 1809-1849. Beecher, Henry Ward; United States; 1813; living in 1875. Beecher, Lyman; United States; 1775-1863. Bellows, Dr. ; United States ; 1814.

Bennett,

W. C. ; Ireland ; living in 1S75.

Bethune, George W. ; United States; 1805-1862.

Blair, Hugh; Scotland; 1718-1800. Blair, Robert ; Scotland; 1699-1746.

Blanc, Charles; France; living in 1875.

Blanc, Louis; France; 1813 ; living in 1875.

Boker, George Henry; United States; born 1823.

Bolingbroke, Lord ; England; 1678-1751. Bonar, Horatius ; Scotland; born 1810.

Bossuet; France; 1627-/704.

Boswell, James ; Scotland; 1 740-1 795.

Boswell, Sir Alexander; Scotland; 1775-1822.

Bourdaloue, Louis ; France; 1632-1704. Bowles, William Lisle ; England; 1762-1850.

Boyd, A. K. H. ; Scotland; 1825 ; living in 1875.

Brewster, Sir David; Scotland; 1781-1868. Bronte, Charlotte ; England; 1816-1855.

Brougham, Lord; Scotland; 1778-1868.

List

of Authors.

v

Brown, Goold ; United States ; 1791-1857. Browne, Sir Thomas ; England ; 1605-1682.

Browning, Elizabeth Barrett ; England; 1809-1861.

Browning, Robert; 1812; living in 1875.

Bruce, Michael ; Scotland; 1 746-1 767.

Bryant, "William Cullen; United States; 1794; living in 1875. Brydges, Sir S. Egerton ; England; 1762-1837. Buchanan, George; Scotland; 1506-1582.

Bunyan, John; England; 1628-1688.

Burke, Edmund; Ireland; 1 729-1 797.

Burnet, Thomas ; England; 1635-1715. Burns, Robert ; Scotland; 1 759-1 796.

Bushnell, Horace; United States; 1802; living in 1875.

Butler, Bishop Joseph; England; 1692-1752.

Butler, Samuel ; England ; 1600-1680. Byrom, John; England; 1691-1763.

Byron, Lord ; England; 1788-1824.

Caedmon; Anglo-Saxon; died 680.

Caesar, Caius Julius; Rome; 100-44 B.C.

Caird, Rev. Dr. ; Scotland; 1823 ; living in 1875.

Calderon de la Barca, Pedro ; Spain ; 1600-1681. Callanan, James Joseph ; Ireland; 1795-1829.

Camoens, Luis de ; Portugal ; 1524-1579.

Campbell, Dr. George ; Scotland; 1709-1796. Campbell, Lord ; Scotland; 1781-1861. Campbell, Thomas ; Scotland; 1777-1844.

Canning, George ; England; 1770-1827. Carew, Thomas ; England; 1589-1639.

Carlyle, Thomas; Scotland; 1795; living in 1875.

Cary, Alice; United States; 1820-1871. Cary, Henry; England; 1 700-1 743. Catullus; Rome; born 87 B.C.; died between 57 and 40 B.C.

Cervantes

Saavedra ; Spain; 1 547-1616.

Chalmers, Thomas ; Scotland; 1780-1847.

Chamberlayne, William ; England ; 1619-1688.

Chambers, Robert ; Scotland; 1802-1871.

Chambers, William ; Scotland; 1800.

Chamisso, Adelbert von; Germany; 1781-1838.

Chapman, George ; England; 1557-1634. Chatham, Lord ; England; 170S-1778.

Chatterton, Thomas ; England; 1752-1770.

  • vi List of Authors.

Chaucer, Geoffrey ; England ; 1328-1400. Chateaubriand, Francois Auguste ; France; 1 768-1848. Cheever, George B. ; United States ; 1807; living in 1875. Cherry, Andrew; England; 1762-1812.

Chesterfield, Lord ; England; 1694-1773.

Chillingworth, William ; England; 1602-1644.

Chrysostom, John; Antioch ; 347-407.

Cibber, Colley ; England; 1671-1737.

Cicero, Marcus Tullius ; 106-43 B.C.

Clare, John; England; 1793-1864.

Clarke, MacDonald ; United States ; 1798-1842.

Clay, Henry; United States; 1777-1852.

Coe, Richard ; United States ; published 1852.

Coleridge, Hartley ; England; 1796-1849.

Coleridge, Samuel Taylor; England; 1772-1834.

Collins, Anne; England; published 1653. Collins, Wilkie; England; 1824; living in 1875. Collins, William; England; 1 720-1 756.

Colman, George ; England; 1762-1836.

Congreve, William ; England; 1672-1729.

Cook, Eliza; England; 1817; living in 1875.

Cooper, James Fenimore ; United States; 1789-1851.

Coppee, Henry; United States; 1S21 ; living in 1875.

Corbett, Bishop ; England; 1582-1635.

Cotton, Nathaniel ; England; 1707-1788.

Cousin, Victor ; France; 1792.

Cowley, Abraham ; England; 1618-1667.

Cowper, William ; England; 1731-1800. Crabbe, George ; England; 1754-1830.

Craik, George L. ; Scotland; 1799-1866.

Crashaw, Richard ; England; 1600-1650.

Creasy, E. S. ; England ; living in 1875. Croly, George; England; 1780-1860.

Cumming, John; Scotland; 1810; living in 1875. Cunningham, Allan; Scotland; 1 784-1842.

Cunningham,

John; Ireland; 1729 1773.

Curran, John Philpot ; Ireland; 1750-1817.

Cushing, Caleb; United States; 1800.

Cyprian ; about 200-258.

Dana, Richard Henry; United States; 1787.

Darnel, Samuel ; England; 1569-1619.

List of Authors.

vii

Dante; Italy; 1265-1321.

Darwin, Charles ; England ; 1809 ; living in 1875.

Darwin, Erasmus ; England; 1731-1802.

Dasent, George Webbe ; England ; about 1818.

Davenant, Sir William ; England ; 1605-1668.

Davies, President Samuel ; United States ; 1724-1761. Davies, Sir John ; England; 1570-1626.

Davis, Thomas ; Ireland; 1814-1845.

Davy, Sir Humphrey; England; 1778-1829. Day, Henry N. ; United States ; 1808.

Defoe, Daniel ; England; 1661—1731.

Dekker, Thomas E. ; England; died about 1638 or 1641.

Delisle, Rouget; France.

Demosthenes; Greece; 385-322 B.C. Denham, Sir John ; England; 1615-1688.

De

Quincey, Thomas ; England; 1 785-1 859.

De Stael, Madame ; France; 1766-1817. Dibdin, Charles; England; 1745-1814. Dickens, Charles; England; 1812-1873.

DTsraeli, Benjamin; England; 1805; living in 1875. Doane, Bishop ; United States ; 1799-1859.

Doddridge, Philip; England; 1702-1751.

Donne, John ; England; 1573-1631.

Douglas, Gawin ; Scotland; 1474-1522.

Drake, J. Rodman; United States; 1795-1820.

Drake, Nathan; United States; 1 766-1836.

Drayton, Michael ; England; 1563-1631.

Drinker, Anna ("Edith May") ; United States ; published 1851.

Dryden, John; England; 1631-1700.

Dubartas, William de Sallust; 1544-1590.

Dumas, Alexander ; France; 1803-1872.

Dunbar, William; Scotland; about 1460-about 1520.

Dwight, Timothy ; United States ; 1780-1849.

Dyer, John; England; 1 700-1 758.

Earle, Bishop ; England ; 1601-1665.

Edgeworth, Miss ; Ireland; 1767-1849. Edwards, Bela Bates ; United States ; 1802-1852. Edwards, Jonathan ; United States ; 1 703-1 758. Elliott, Ebenezer ; England; 1781-1849.

Ellsworth, Erastus W. ; United States; 1823.

Emerson, Ralph Waldo; United States; 1803 '> living in 1875.

viii

List of Authors.

Emmons, Nathaniel ; United States ; 1745-1840. Erskine, Thomas, Lord ; Scotland; 1750-1823. Eusebius ; Palestine ; about 264-about 340. Evans, Christmas ; England.

Everett, Edward ; United States ; 1794-1865.

Ewald, Johannes ; Denmark; 1 743-1 781.

Faber, F. W. ; England; 1815-1863.

Falconer, William ; England; 1 730-1 769.

Fanshaw, Sir Richard ; England; 1607-1666.

Fantini; Italy; about 1830.

Faval, Paul ; France ; about 1800. Fenner, Cornelius George ; United States ; 1822-1847. Fenton, Elijah ; England; 1683-1730. Ferguson, Robert ; Scotland; 1 751-1774. Ferguson, Samuel ; Ireland; 1805.

"Fern, Fanny" (Mrs. Parton) ; United States ; died 1872.

Fielding, Henry ; England; 1 707-1 754. Fields, James T. ; United States; born 1820.

Flechier, Esprit ; France; 1632-1710.

Fletcher, Giles ; England; 1588-1623.

Fletcher, John ; England; 1576-1625.

Fontenelle, Bernard le Bovier de ; France ; 165 7- 1757.

Foote, Samuel ; England; 1720-1777.

Ford, John; England; 1586-1639.

Fosdick, William W. ; United States; born 1822.

Foster, John; England; 1770-1843.

Fox, Charles James ; England; 1749-1806.

Fox, W. Johnson ; England; 1786-1864.

Francis, Sir Philip ("Junius"); England; 1740-1818. Franklin, Benjamin ; United States ; 1 706-1 790.

Freiligrath, Ferdinand ; Germany; born 1 810.

Freneau, Philip ; United States ; 1752-1832.

Frere, John Hookham ; England; 1769-1846.

Froude, James Anthony; England; 1818; living in 1875.

Fuller, Thomas ; England; 1608-1661.

Gall, Richard ; Scotland; 1 776-1801.

Gallagher, W. D. ; United States ; 1808. Garrick, David; England; 1716-1779.

Gay, John ; England; 1688-1732. Gibbon, Edward ; England; 1 737-1 794.

List of Authors.

Gibbons, Thomas ; England; 1720-1785.

Gilfill an,

George ; Scotland; 1813.

Glover, Richard ; England; 1712-1785.

Godwin, William ; England; 1 756-1836.

Goethe, John Wolfgang von ; 1749-1832.

Goldsmith, Oliver ; England; 1728-1774.

ix

Gower, John ; England ; about 1325-1408. Grahame, James ; Scotland; 1790-1842.

Grant, Sir Robert ; Scotland ; 1 785-1838. Grattan, Henry ; Ireland; 1 746-1 794. Gray, Thomas; England; 1716-1771.

Greene, Robert ; England; about 1 560-1 592.

Gregory the First, Pope ; Italy ; 540-604.

Griffin, Edward D. ; United States ; 1 768-1 820. Griswold, Bishop ; United States ; 1766-1843.

Grote, George ; England; 1794-1871.

Guarini; Italy; 1537-1612.

Guizot ; France; 1787-1874. Guthrie, Thomas ; Scotland; 1800-1873.

Habington, William ; England ; 1605-1654.

Haliburton, Judge ; Canada; 1797-1865.

Hall, Dr. John ; Ireland; living in 1875.

Hall, Robert ; England; 1764183 r.

Halleck, Fitzgreen ; United States ; 1790-1869. Halpine, Charles G. ("Miles O'Reilly"); Ireland; 1829-1869.

Hare, Julius Charles ; England ; 1795 1S55.

Harms, Klaus ; Germany; 1778-1855. Harrington, John (the elder) ; England; 1534-1582. Harrington, Sir John (the younger) ; England ; 1561-1612.

Hart, John S. ; United States ; living in 1875.

Harte, Francis Bret; United States ; 1837 ; living in 1875.

Hawkesworth, John ; England; 1715 1773. Hawthorne, Nathaniel ; United States ; 1804-1864. Hayley, William ; England; 1745-1820.

Hazlitt, William ; England; 1778-1830.

Heber, Reginald ; England; 1783-1826.

Heeren, Arnold H. L. ; Germany; 1 760-1842.

Heiberg, Johann Ludvig ; Denmark; 1791.

Hemans, Mrs. ; England; 1794-1835. Henry IV. ; France; 1553-1610. Henry, Matthew ; England; 1662-1714.

x

List of Authors.

Henry, Patrick ; United States ; 1736-1799.

Henryson, Robert ; Scotland; 15th century.

Herbert, George ; Wales; 1593-1632. Herbert, William ; England; 1778-1847.

Herder, Johann Godfrey von ; Germany ; 1 744-1803.

Herodotus ; Greece ; 484-about 424 B.C.

Herrick, Robert ; England; 1591-1674.

Hervey, James ; England; 1713-1758.

Hervey, T. K. ; England; 1799 1859.

Heywood, Thomas ; England ; died about 1650.

Higginson, Colonel; United States; living in 1875.

Hill, Aaron; England; 1685-1750.

Hill, Rowland ; England; 1 744-1833. Hillhouse, James A. ; United States ; 17S9-1841.

Hoffman, Charles Fenno ; United States ; 1806. Hogarth, William ; England; 1697 or 1698-1764.

Hogg, James ; Scotland; 1772-1835.

Holmes, Oliver Wendell; United States; 1809; living in 1875.

Home, John ; Scotland; 1724-1808.

Hood, Thomas; England; 1798-1845.

Hooker, Thomas ; England; 1586-1647.

Hope, Thomas ; England; about 1770-1831.

Horace ; Rome ; 65-27 B.C.

Hosmer, W. H. C. ; United States; Howe, John ; England; 1630-1705. Howitt, Mary; England; 1800.

1814.

Hoyt, Ralph ; United States ; 18 10. Hudson, Henry N. ; United States ; 1814.

Hugo, Victor; France; 1802.

Hume, David; Scotland; 1711-1776.

Humphrey, President; United States; died about 1800.

Hunt, Leigh; England; 1784-1859.

Hunter, Mrs. ; England; 1741-1821.

Ingelow, Jean ; England; 1830 ; living in 1875.

Ingeman, Bernhard S. ; Denmark ; 1789.

Ireland, Samuel ; England ; born early in the 18th century, died in 1S00. Irving, Washington ; United States ; 1783-1859.

James, John Angell ; England; 1 785-1 859. Jameson, Mrs. ; England; 1 797-1860.

Jerrold, Douglas ; England; 1803-1857.

List of Authors.

Johnson, Samuel ; England; 1709-1784.

xi

Jones, Sir William ; England; 1746-1794.

Jonson, Ben; England; 1573 or 1574-1637.

Keats, John; England; 1 796-1821.

Keble, John; England; 1792-1866.

Kent, Chancellor ; United States ; 1763-1847.

Kingsley, Charles ; England; 1819-1875.

Knowles, Herbert ; England; 1 798-181 7.

Knowles, J. Sheridan ; Ireland; 1784-1862.

Korner, Charles Theodore; Germany; 1791-1813.

Kosegarten, Ludvig T. ; Germany; 1758-1818.

Kossuth, Laj os ; Hungary; 1802; living in 1875.

Kyd, Thomas ; England; living in 1588.

Lamarck, Jean B. P. ; France ; 1 744-1 829.

Lamartine, Alphonse de ; France; 1792.

Lamb, Charles; England; 1775-1834.

Langlande, William ; England; 1332-about 1400.

Landon, Letitia Elizabeth ; England; 1802-1838.

Landor, W. Savage ; England; 1775-1864.

Larned, Sylvester ; United States ; 1796-1820.

Latimer, Hugh ; England; about 1490-1555. Lee, Nathaniel ; England; 1651-1692. Leland, John ; 'England ; 1691-1766. Leslie, Charles ; England; 1794-1859.

Lestrange, Sir Roger ; England ; 1616-1704. Lever, Charles ; Ireland ; 1809-1872.

Lewis, Matthew Gregory ; England; 1775--1S18.

Leyden.John; Scotland; 1775-1S11. Lillo, George ; England ; 1693-1739.

Lindsay (Lord), A. W. Crawford; Scotland; 1812; living in 1875.

Lindsay, Sir David ; Scotland; born about 1490, died bet. 1555 and 1567.

Livingston, David ; Scotland; 1815-1873.

Locke, John; England; 1632-1704.

Lockhart, John Gibson ; Scotland; 1792-1854.

Lodge, Thomas ; England; 1556-1625.

Logan, John; Scotland; 1 748-1 788.

Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth ; United States; 1807; living in 1875.

Longinus ; Greece ; about 213-273.

Lovelace, Richard ; England; 1618-1658.

  • xii List of Authors.

Lover, Samuel ; Ireland; 1797-1866. Lowe, John; Scotland; 1750-1798.

Lowell, James Russell ; United States ; 1819; living in 1875.

Lowell, Prof. ; England ; living in 1875.

Loyson, Charles (Pere Hyacinthe) ; France ; living in 1875.

Luther, Martin ; Germany; 1483-1546.

Lyell, Sir Charles ; Scotland; 1797-1875.

Lydgate, John ; England; born about 1375, died about 1461.

Lyly, John (the Euphuist) ;

England ; born about 1553, died about 1600.

Lyttelton, Lord ; England; 1709-1773.

Lytton (Lord), Edward Bulwer ; England ; 1 805-1 873. Lytton, Robert Bulwer (" Owen Meredith ") ; England ; living in 1875.

Macaulay, Lord ; England; 1800-1859.

Maccarthy, Denis Florence ; Ireland ; published 1850.

Macchiavelli, Nicolo ; Italy; 1469-1527.

Macdonald, George ; Scotland ; living in 1875.

Mackay, Charles ; Scotland ; born 1812. Mackenzie, Henry ; Scotland; 1745-1831. Mackintosh, Sir James ; Scotland ; 1 766-1832.

Maclellan, Isaac ; United States ; 1810.

Macpherson, James ; Scotland; 1 738-1 796.

Mandeville, Sir John ; England ; about 1300-1372.

Mangan, James

Clarence ; England ; living in 1S75.

Mansfield, Lord ; Scotland; 1 705-1 793.

Marlowe, Christopher ; England ; 1 564-1 593.

Marsh, George P. ; United States ; 1801.

Marston, John ; England; born about 1570, died about 1634.

Martial ; Rome ; born 43, died about 104.

Martineau, Miss ; England; 1802.

Marvell, Andrew ; England ; 1 620-1 678.

Mason, John Mitchell ; United States ; 1 770-1829.

Mason, William ; England; 1725 1797.

Massey, Gerald ; England ; 1828 ; living in 1875.

Massillon, Jean Baptiste ; France; 1 663-1 742.

Massinger, Philip ; England; 1584-1640.

Mennes, Sir John ; England; 1598-1671.

Mickle, William J. ; Scotland ; 1 734-1 788.

Miller, Hugh; Scotland; 1802-1856.

Miller, Joaquin ; United States ; living in 1875.

Milman, Henry Hart ; England; 1 791-1868. Milner, Joseph ; England; 1 744-1 797.

Milton, John ; England; 1608-1674.

List of Authors.

xiii

Minto, William ; Scotland; living in 1875.

Mitford, Miss ; England; 1786-1855.

Moir, David Macbeth ; Scotland; 1 798-1851.

Moliere, Jean Baptiste Poquelin de ; France ; 1622-1673.

Monboddo, Lord ; Scotland; 1714-1799. Montague; France; 1 533-1 592.

Montaigne, Michael de ; France; 1533-1592.

Montgomery, James ; Scotland; 1771-1854.

Montgomery, Robert ; England; 1807-1855.

Moore, Thomas ; Ireland; 1779-1852.

More, Hannah; England; 1 745-1 833.

More, Sir Thomas ; England; 1480-1535.

Morris, G. P. ; United States ; 1802-1864.

Morris, William ; England; 1830 ; living in

1875.

Mosheim, Johann Laurenz ; Germany; 1694-1755.

Motherwell, William ; Scotland ; 1797-183 5.

Motley, John Lothrop ; United States ; 1814; living in 1875.

Mudie, Robert ; Scotland; 1777-1842.

Mulock, Dinah Maria ; England ; 1826 ; living in 1875.

Nash, Thomas; England; 1558-1600.

Norton, Mrs. ; England; 1808.

Oehlenschlaeger, Adam ; Scandinavia ; 1779-1850.

Olin, Stephen ; United States ; 1 797-1 851.

Opie, Mrs. ; England; 1769-1853.

Osgood, Mrs. Frances Sargent ; United States ; about I812-1850.

Ossian ; Scotland ; in 2d or 3d century.

Overbury, Sir Thomas ; 1581-1631. Owen, John ; England; about 1560-1622.

Paine, Thomas ; England; 1737-1809.

Paley, William ; England; 1743-1805.

Palgrave, Sir Francis Turner ; England ; 1788-1861. Paludan-Miiller, Frederic ; Denmark ; 1809. Parnell, Thomas ; Ireland; 1679-1718.

Parr, Samuel ; England ; 1 747-1 825.

Parsons, Thomas W. ; United States ; 1819.

Patmore, Coventry ; England ; 1S23.

Paulding, J. Kirke ; United States ; 1 779-1 860. Payson, Edward ; United States ; 1783-1827.

Peacham, Henry ; England; published 1577.

xiv

List of Authors.

Pearson, John ; England ; 1612-16S6.

Percival, James Gates ; United States ; 1795-1856. Percy, Thomas ; England ; 1728-181 1. Perrault, Charles ; France; 1628-1703.

Pierpont, John ; United States ; 1785-1866. Pike, Albert ; United States ; 1809.

Pitt, William ; England; 1759-1806.

Plato ; Greece ; B.C. 429-348. Plautus ; Rome ; about 254-184 B.C.

Plunkett, William C. ; Ireland; 1764-1854. Poe, Edgar Allan ; United States ; 1811-1849. Pollok, Robert ; Scotland; 1799-1827. Pope, Alexander ; England; 1688-1744. Porson, Richard ; England; 1759-1808.

Praed, Winthrop Mackworth ; England; 1802-1839.

Prescott, William Hickling ; United States ; 1796-1859.

Prior, Matthew ; England; 1664-1721. Proctor, Adelaide ; England; 1825-1864.

Proctor, Bryan Waller ("Barry Cornwall") ; England ; about 1790.

Publius Syrus ; flourished about B.C. 42.

Puttenham, George ; England; about 1529-1600.

Quarles, Francis ; England ; 1592-1644.

Quintilian ; Latin ; born about 40, died about 118.

Radcliffe, Mrs.

; England; 1 764-1 823.

Ramsay, Allan ; Scotland; 1685-1758.

Ramsay, Rev. Dean ; Scotland ; living in 1875.

Randolph, John ; United States ; 1773-1833.

Raphael; Italy; 1483-1520.

Read, Thomas Buchanan ; United States ; 1822. Reynolds, Sir Joshua ; England; 1 723-1 792.

Richardson, Samuel ; England; 1689-1767.

Richter, Jean Paul F. ; Germany ; 1 763-1825.

Robertson, William ; Scotland; 1721-1793.

Rochester (Lord), John Wilmot ; England ; 1647-1680.

Rogers, Henry ; England; about 1814. Rogers, Samuel ; England; 1763-1855.

Rossetti, Dante Gabriel ; England.

Ruskin, John; England; 1819 ; living in 1875.

Russell, William Howard ; Ireland; 1821.

Ryle, J. C. ; England ; 1816.

List of Authors,

xv

Sackville, Thomas, Earl of Dorset ; England; 1527-1608.

Sallust; Latin; B.C. 86-34.

Sappho; Greece; probably B.C. 630-570.

Saurin, Jacques ; France; 1677-1730.

Saxe, John Godfrey ; United States ; 1816; living in 1875.

Schiller, Johann Christoph Friedrich von ; Germany; 1 759-1805. Scott, Sir Walter ; Scotland; 1741-1832.

Seed, Jeremiah ; England; died 1747.

Seneca; Spain (Latin) ; about B.C. 61. Shakespeare, William ; England; 1564-1616. Shaw, John ; United States ; 1778.

Shelley, Percy Bysshe ; England; 1792-1822.

Shenstone, William ; England; 1714-1768.

Sheridan, Richard Brinsley ; Ireland; 1751-1816. Sherlock, William ; England; about 1641-1707.

Shirley, James ; England; 1679-17 17.

Sidney, Algernon ; England; 1622-1683.

Sidney, Edwin ; England; living in 1875. Sidney, Sir Philip ; England ; 1 554-1 586.

Sigourney, Mrs. ; United States ; 1791-1865. Skinner, John ; Scotland; 1721-1807. Smith, Alexander ; Scotland ; 1830-1867.

Smith, Horace ; England; 1779-1849. Smith, James ; England; 1776-1839.

Smith, Seba ; United States ; 1 792-1 868. Smith, Sydney ; England; 1769-1845. Smith, Dr. William ; England; living in 1875.

Smollett, Tobias ; Scotland; 1721-1771.

Socrates ; Greece ; B.C. 468-399. South, Robert ; England; 1633-1716. Southern, Thomas ; Ireland; 1660-1746. Southey, Mrs. ; England; 1787-1854.

Southey, Robert ; England; 1774-1843. Souvestre, fimile ; France ; 1