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CHEMISTRY

Paper 2
Name:

Time :

Class :

Marks :

This question paper consists of three sections: Section A, Section B and Section C.
Kertas soalan ini mengandungi tiga bahagian: Bahagian A, Bahagian B dan Bahagian C.
Section A
Bahagian A
[60 marks]
[60 markah]
Answer all questions in this section.
Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini.
1.

Empirical formula of magnesium oxide can be determined by burning magnesium ribbon in excess of oxygen.
Formula empirik magnesium oksida boleh ditentukan dengan pembakaran pita magnesium dalam oksigen
berlebihan.
The results obtained are as follows.
Keputusan diperolehi adalah seperti berikut:

Table /Jadual
(a) Draw a labelled diagram to show the apparatus set-up for this reaction.
Lukis rajah berlabel untuk menunjukkan susunan radas bagi tindak balas ini.
[2 marks/markah]
(b) What must be done to the magnesium ribbon before it is placed in the crucible? Give a reason for your
answer.
Apakah yang perlu dilakukan pada pita magnesium sebelum dimasukkan ke dalam mangkuk pijar?
Berikan satu sebab bagi jawapan anda.
[2 marks/markah]
(c) The lid is opened and closed once in a while during the experiment.
Explain why this is necessary.
Penutup dibuka dan ditutup selang seli semasa eksperimen.
Terangkan mengapa ini perlu.
[2 marks/markah]
(d) How will you ensure that all the magnesium has burnt?
Bagaimana anda memastikan bahawa semua magnesium sudah dibakar?
[1 mark/markah]
(e) Based on the above results, determine the empirical formula of magnesium oxide.
[Relative atomic mass: O =16; Mg =24]
Berdasarkan keputusan di atas, tentukan formula empirik magnesium oksida.
[Jisim atom relatif: O =16; Mg =24]
1

[3 marks/markah]
(f) Why is the empirical formula of copper(II) oxide not determined in the same way?
Mengapakah formula empirik kuprum(II) oksida tidak ditentukan dengan cara yang sama?
[1 mark/markah]

2.

Diagram below shows the positions of ten elements, which are represented by the letters A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I and J, in the Periodic Table of Elements.
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan kedudukan sepuluh unsur diwakili oleh huruf A, B, C , D, E, F, G, H, I, dan J
dalam Jadual Berkala Unsur.

Diagram/Rajah
Based on the periodic table shown in Diagram above and by using the letters as the symbols for the elements,
answer all the following questions.
Berdasarkan Jadual Berkala Unsur dalam Rajah di atas dan dengan menggunakan huruf tersebut sebagai
simbol unsur, jawab semua soalan berikut.
(a) Which element has the largest atomic radius?
Unsur yang manakah mempunyai jejari atom yang terbesar?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/markah]
(b) Which of the elements mentioned above are metals?
Antara unsur tersebut, yang manakah unsur logam?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/markah]
(c) Write the formula of the ion of F.
Tuliskan formula ion F.
_____________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/markah]
(d) Explain why element G is more electronegative than element F.
Jelaskan mengapa unsur G lebih elektronegatif daripada unsur F.
_____________________________________________________________________________________
[2 marks/markah]
(e) Write the electronic configuration of atom H.
Tuliskan konfigurasi elektron bagi atom H.
_____________________________________________________________________________________
2

[1 mark/markah]
(f) (i) What type of bond is formed between element B and element G?
Apakah jenis ikatan yang terbentuk antara unsur B dan unsur G?
__________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/markah]
(ii) Draw the electron configuration for the compound which is formed between B and G.
Lukiskan konfigurasi elektron bagi sebatian yang terbentuk antara B dan G.

[2 marks/markah]
(g) Write a chemical equation for the reaction which occurs between element E and element C.
Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas yang berlaku antara unsur E dan C.
_____________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/markah]
3.

Table shows the proton numbers of element W, X, Y and Z (which are not the real symbols of the elements).
Jadual menunjukkan nombor proton bagi unsur W, X, Y dan Z ( yang mana bukan simbol sebanar bagi unsur
- unsur itu).
Element
Unsur

Proton number
Nombor proton

10

11

17

18
Table/Jadual

(a) Write the electronic configurations of W, X, Y and Z.


Tuliskan konfigurasi elektron bagi unsur - unusr W, X, Y dan Z.
i. Element W:
Unsur W : ________________________________________________________________________
ii. Element X:
Unsur X : ________________________________________________________________________
iii. Element Y:
Unsur Y : ________________________________________________________________________
iv. Element Z:
Unsur Z : ________________________________________________________________________
[ 2 mark/markah ]
(b) Which of the elements have the stable electronic structures? Explain your answers.
Unsur yang manakah mempunyai struktur elektron yang stabil? Terangkan jawapan anda.
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
3

[ 3 mark/markah ]
(c) Element X reacts with element Y to form a compound.
Unsur X bertindak balas dengan unsur Y untuk membentuk satu sebatian.
(i) Give the molecular formula of the compound formed by X and Y.
Berikan formula molekul bagi sebatian yang terbentuk oleh unsur X dan unsur Y.
__________________________________________________________________________________
[ 1 mark/markah ]
(ii) State the type of bonding in the compound formed in (c) i.
Nyatakan jenis ikatan di dalam sebatian yang terbentuk di ( c ) i.
__________________________________________________________________________________
[ 1 mark/markah ]
(iii)Give one physical property of the compound.
Berikan satu sifat fizikal bagi sebatian itu.
__________________________________________________________________________________
[ 1 mark/markah ]
(iv)Draw the electronic structures of the particles present in the compound.
Lukiskan struktur elektron bagi zarah - zarah yang hadir di dalam sebatian itu.

[ 2 mark/markah ]
4.Diagram below shows the set-up of an electrolytic cell. Beaker I contains a components of a simple chemical cell
whereas electrolysis takes place in Beaker II.
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan susunan radas bagi satu sel elektrokimia. Bikar I mengandungi komponen sel kimia
ringkas sementara proses elektrolisis berlaku di dalam Bikar II.

DIAGRAM/RAJAH
(a)State the changes in energy in Beaker I and Beaker II.
Nyatakan perubahan tenaga di dalam Bikar I dan Bikar II.
Beaker I /Bikar I
________________________________________________________________________________________
Beaker II/Bikar II
________________________________________________________________________________________
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[2 marks/2 markah]
(b)Which metal is the negative terminal in Beaker I?
Logam yang manakah ialah terminal negatif di dalam Bikar I?
________________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]
(c)(i) State the process occurred in the copper electrode in Beaker I.
Nyatakan proses yang berlaku di dalam elektrod kuprum di dalam Bikar I.
_____________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]
(ii) What would you observe at the silver electrode in Beaker I?
Apakah yang kamu dapat perhatikan pada elektrod argentum di dalam bikar I?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]
(d)Write equations for reactions which occurred at anode and cathode in Beaker II.
Tuliskan persamaan bagi tindak balas yang berlaku di anod dan katod di dalam Bikar II.
Anode/Anod:
________________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]
Cathode/Katod:
________________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]
(e)(i) What happens to the voltmeter reading when the magnesium electrode in Beaker I is replace with zinc
electrode?
Apakah yang berlaku pada bacaan voltmeter apabila elektrod magnesium di dalam bikar I digantikan dengan
elektrod zink?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]
(ii)Explain your reasons in (e) (i).
Terangkan alasan kamu di (e) (i).
_____________________________________________________________________________________
[2 marks/2 markah]
5.

Cuprite, Cu2O, and tenorite, CuO, are two naturally occurring ores of copper.
Kuprit,Cu2O dan tenorit,CuO adalah dua jenis bijih kuprum yang terjadi secara semula jadi.
(a) What is the oxidation state of copper in
Apakah peringkat pengoksidaan kuprum di dalam:
(i) Cu2O
(ii) CuO
[ 1 marks/markah]
(b) Name a suitable method that can be used to extract copper from its ores.
Namakan kaedah yang sesuai yang boleh digunakan untuk mengektstrakkan kuprum daripada bijihnya.
[ 1 marks/markah]
(c) What is the substance used in the method named in (b)?
Apakah bahan yang digunakan di dalam kaedah yang dinyatakan di(b)?
[ 1 marks/markah]
5

(d) Write a chemical equation for the extraction of:


Tuliskan satu persamaan kimia bagi pengekstrakan
(i) Cu2O
(ii) CuO
[ 2 marks/markah]
(e) Name two metals which use the similar methods for the extraction of metals from the ores.
Namakan dua logam yang menggunakan kaedah yang sama bagi pengekstrakan logam daripada bijihnya.
1. __________________________________________________________________________________
2. __________________________________________________________________________________
[ 2 marks/markah]
(f) Aluminium is extracted from bauxite by electrolysis. Suggest a reason why electrolysis is not used for the
extraction of aluminium.
Aluminium diekstrakkan daripada bauksit melalui elektrolisis. Cadangkan satu sebab mengapakah
elektrolisis tidak digunakan bagi pengekstrakkan aluminium.
[ 2 marks/markah]

6.

(a) Diagram below shows the aspirin molecule.


Rajah di bawah di bawah menunjukkan molekul aspirin.

Diagram/Rajah
(i) Based on the diagram, give name the two functional groups in aspirin.
Berdasarkan Rajah, namakan dua kumpulan berfungsi di dalam molekul aspirin.
[2 marks/2 markah]
(ii) What illness can be relieved by aspirin?
Apakah kesakitan yang boleh diubati oleh aspirin?
__________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]
(iii)In which group of modern medicines can aspirin be classifi ed?
Di dalam perubatan moden, aspirin boleh dikelaskan di dalam kumpulan mana?
__________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]
(b) Table below shows example of modern drugs.
Jadual di bawah menunjukkan contoh ubatan moden.

Table/Jadual
(i) Complete Table above to classify the type of modern drugs based on the examples given.
Lengkapkan Jadual di atas untuk mengkelaskan ubatan moden berdasarkan contoh yang diberi.
[3 marks/3 markah]
(ii) What type of drug can cause bleeding in the stomach because of the acidic nature of the drug?
Apakah jenis ubat yang boleh menyebabkan pendarahan di dalam perut disebabkan sifat asid ubat
tersebut?
__________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]
(iii)What is the drug that is specifically effective in treating tuberculosis?
Apakah ubat yang spesifik dan berkesan dalam merawat tuberkulosis?
__________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]
(iv)Give one change that may occur in a patients when treated with amphetamines.
Berikan satu perubahan yang mungkin berlaku kepada pesakit apabila dirawat dengan amfetamin.
__________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark/1 markah]
Section B
Bahagian B
[20 marks]
[20 markah]
Answer any one questions from this section.
Jawab mana-mana satu soalan daripada bahagian ini.
7.

(a) What is meant by a salt?


Apakah yang dimaksudkan oleh suatu garam?
[2 marks/markah]
(b) Explain the preparation of two salts, sodium chloride and silver chloride in the laboratory. For the
preparation of each salt, the following details should be included in your answers:
Terangkan penyediaan dua garam, natrium klorida dan argentum klorida di dalam makmal. Bagi
penyediaan setiap garam, perincian berikut hendaklah dimasukkan dalam jawapan anda:
The reactants, and
Bahan tindak balas, dan
The balanced equation of the reaction.
Persamaan tindak balas yang seimbang
[6 marks/markah]
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(c) An aqueous solution is known to contain either zinc sulphate or lead(II) nitrate. State the presence of the
cations and the anions in the solution with the following details:
Suatu larutan akueus diketahui mengandungi sama ada zink sulfat atau plumbum (II) nitrat. Nyatakan
kehadiran kation dan anion di dalam larutan dengan perincian berikut:
The reagents used.
Bahan tindak balas yang digunakan.
The observations.
Pemerhatian.
The ionic equations which give the observations.
Persamaan ionik yang diperoleh daripada pemerhatian.
[12 marks/markah]
8.

(a) Define the term homologous series.


Berikan definasi bagi siri homolog.
[ 2 marks/markah]
(b) Name four homologous series. Write down their general formulae and name one member of each of the
homologous series with the same number of carbon atoms.
Namakan empat ciri-ciri siri homolog.
[ 12 marks/markah]
(c) Give three characteristics of a homologous series.
Berikan tiga sifat siri homolog.
[ 3 marks/markah]
(d) State three physical changes in alkanes, with increasing number of carbon atoms in the molecules.
Nyatakan tiga perubahan fizikal pada alkana dengan peningkatan bilangan atom karbon di dalam
molekul.
[ 3 marks/markah]
Section C
Bahagian C
[20 marks]
[20 markah]
Answer any one questions from this section.
Jawab mana-mana satu soalan daripada bahagian ini.

9.

(a) By using an example of a solid ionic compound, explain how this compound is decomposed when
electrolysed.
Dengan menggunkaan satu contoh sebation ion pepejal, terangkan bagaimana sebatian ini dapat
diuraikan apabila dielektrolisiskan.
[4 marks/markah]
(b) By using an example of an experiment, explain how the concentration of ions affects the products of the
electrolysis of an aqueous solution.
Dengan menggunakan satu contoh eksperimen, terangkan bagaimana kepekatan ion mempengaruhi hasil
elektrolisis larutan akueus.
[6 marks/markah]
(c) A pair of zinc and copper plates and a suitable electrolyte can be used to form a voltaic cell. With the help
of a diagram, explain the reactions that take place in the cell.
Sepasang zink dan kuprum dengan elektrolit yang sesuai boleh digunakan untuk membentuk satu sel
kimia. Dengan merujukkan satu rajah, terangkan tindak balas yang berlaku dalam sel tersebut.
[10 marks/markah]

10. (a) The table below shows the data from Experiment I and Experiment II that were carried out to study the
rate of decomposition of hydrogen peroxide.
Jadual di bawah menunjukkan data dari Eksperimen I dan Eksperimen II yang dijalankan untuk mengkaji
kadar penguraian hidrogen peroksida.

TABLE/JADUAL
i. By referring to Experiment I, write a chemical equation for the reaction between marble chips and
hydrochloric acid.
Merujuk kepada Eksperimen I, tulis persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas antara marmar dan asid
hidroklorik.
[2 marks/2 markah]
ii. Draw an energy profile diagram for the reaction in (a)(i).
Lukis gambar rajah profil tenaga bagi tindak balas dalam (a)(i).
On the energy profile diagram show the following:
Tunjukkan berikut dalam gambar rajah profil tenaga:

The heat of reaction, H


Haba tindak balas, H
The activation energy without a catalyst, Ea
Tenaga pengaktifan tanpa mangkin, Ea
The activation energy with a catalyst, E'a
Tenaga pengaktifan dengan mangkin, E'a

Explain the energy profile diagram.


Terangkan gambar rajah aras tenaga.
[10 marks/10 markah]
(b) The graph in the diagram below shows the results of Experiment I and Experiment II.
Graf pada rajah di bawah menunjukkan Eksperimen I dan Eksperimen II.

DIAGRAM/RAJAH
Based on the graph:
Berdasarkan graf:
i. Calculate the average rate of reaction for Experiment I and Experiment II.
Hitung purata kadar tindak balas bagi Eksperimen I dan Eksperimen II.
[2 marks/2 markah]
ii. Explain the diff erence in the rate of reaction between Experiment I and Experiment II before 120 s.
Terangkan perbezaan kadar tindak balas antara Eksperimen I dan Eksperimen II sebelum 120 s.
[5 marks/5 markah]

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