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Padma Purana
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Padma Purana (Devanagari:

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the gtmhtmya (literally, the


Majesty of Gita) is one of the

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major eighteen Puranas. A Hindu

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religious text, it is divided into five


parts and 55,000 verses. The

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Padma Purana categorizes itself as

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a Sattva Purana (one which

Upanishads

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represents goodness and

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In the first part of the text, sage

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Pulastya explains to Bhishma

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about religion and the essence of

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the religion. The second part

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describes in detail Prithvi (earth). In

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purity).[1]

the third part, a description of the

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cosmos is given, including creation,

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and description of India (Bharata

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Varsha). The fourth part describes the life and deeds of Rama. The fifth part is

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in the style of a dialogue between Shiva and his consort, Parvati, and deals with
the essential knowledge about religion.

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The Padma Purana is compiled between the 4th and 15th century.,[2] more
specific dates mentioned being c.750-1000 CE[3] or the 12th century CE,[4] but
with an earlier core.[5] There are a number of later Jaina works also known as
Padma-purana.

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Contents [hide]
1 Contents
1.1 Srishti Khand

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1.2 Bhumi Khand

1.3 Svarg Khand


1.4 Patal Khand
1.5 Uttar Khand

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2 Notes
3 Sources
4 Further reading
5 External links

Contents

[edit]

This text was passed on in two different versions (often called recensions), the
Bengal and the South Indian. The former recension consists of five khandas
(sections): Shrishti Khanda, Bhumi Khanda, Svarga Khanda, Patala Khanda and
Uttara Khanda. The latter recension consists of six khandas: Adi Khanda (also
called Svarga Khanda in some printed editions), Bhumi Khanda, Brahma
Khanda, Patala Khanda, Srishti Khanda and Uttara Khanda. The Bhumi Khanda
of the Bengal recension contains additional thirteen chapters, while the Patala
Khanda of this recension contains thirty-one additional chapters. The Svarga
Khanda of this recension contains the descriptions about different regions
(lokas) and narratives of kings and demons. The Srishti Khanda can be divided
into two parts and the second part is not found in the Bengal recension.[6]
Purana include the Padma-purana (Balabhadrapurana) or Raidhu (15th
century), the Padma-purana of Somadeva (1600), the Padma-purana of
Dharmakirti (1612), the Padma-purana of Bhattaraka Candrakirti (17th
century).[7]

Srishti Khand

[edit]

The Srishti Khand (Book of the Creation) is in the form of a dialogue between
Bhishma and the sage Pulastya. It also contains a detailed description of
Pushkara, a famous place of pilgrimage. It is a matter of interest that some
sections of this part is derisive of the worship of grahas (include, but not limited
to, planets).

Bhumi Khand

[edit]

The Bhumi Khand (Book of the Earth) has a description of Prithvi (the earth)
and tales of kings like Prithu and Yayati and of several sages. Some scholars
believe that the description of earth and tales of kings and sages in this Purana
has factual elements of geography and history of that period.

Svarg Khand

[edit]

The Svarg Khand (Book of Heaven) contains details of the sequence of creation
of the cosmos. It also describes the significance and importance of holy places
and geographical expansion and features of Jambudvipa, including its
mountains and rivers. It also tells about the people of India in ancient times.

Patal Khand

[edit]

The Patal Khand (Book of the Netherworld) Ugrasrava Sauti narrates the life
story of Ram, an Avatar of Vishnu, to an assembly of sages. There are also
sections devoted to the life and deeds of Lord Krishna. 16 chapters of the Patal
Khand are together known as the Shiv Gita.

Uttar Khand

[edit]

The Uttar Khand presents the metaphysical aspects of religion in the form of a

dialogue between Shiv and Parvati. This part also contains another version of
Vishnu sahasranam (not the Mahabharat version) and Ram sahasranam. Six
chapters from this part constitute "Bhagavat Mahatmyam" which is considered
to be the proper beginning of Srimad Bhagavat, another of the Maha Puranas.

Notes

[edit]

1. ^ Wilson, H. H. (1840). The Vishnu Purana: A system of Hindu mythology and


tradition . Oriental Translation Fund. p. 12.
2. ^ Vanita 2005, p. 144.
3. ^ Doniger 2010, p. 473.
4. ^ Raman Varadara (1993), Glimpses of Indian Heritage, Popular Prakashan,
p.76
5. ^ Dalal 2010, p. 290.
6. ^ Hazra, R.C. (1962). The Puranas in S. Radhakrishnan ed. The Cultural
Heritage of India, Calcutta: The Ramkrishna Mission Institute of Culture, Vol.II,
ISBN 81-85843-03-1, p.261
7. ^ Devi Prasada Mishra, cited in Kodaganallur Ramaswami Srinivasa Iyengar,
Asian variations in Ramayana, Sahitya Akademi (2006) ISBN 9788126018093,
p. 61.

Sources

[edit]

Dalal, Roshen (2010), Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide , Penguin Books India


Doniger, Wendy (2010), The Hindus: An Alternative History

, Oxford University

Press
Vanita, Ruth (2005), Love's Rite: Same-Sex Marriage in India and the West

Palgrave Macmillan

Further reading

[edit]

Mani, Vettam. Puranic Encyclopedia. 1st English ed. New Delhi: Motilal
Banarsidass, 1975. OCLC 560040014

External links

OL6049594W

[edit]

Summary of Padma Purana


Padma Purna, 1st part - List of vocabulary terms
Padma Purna, 2nd & 3rd parts - List of vocabulary terms
Padma Purna, 5th & 6th parts - List of vocabulary terms
Puranas

V T E

Mahapurana

Upapurana

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Brahma Brahmanda Brahma Vaivarta Markendeya Bhavishya


Vamana Vishnu Bhagavata Naradiya Garuda Padma Varaha
Vayu Linga Skanda Agni Matsya Kurma Shiva
Brihaddharma Devi-Bhagavata Ganesha Kalki Kalika Kapila
Mudgala Narasimha Samba Saura Shivarahasya
Vishnudharmottara

Categories: Puranas

This page was last modified on 15 July 2014, at 02:04.


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