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Special Transit Bond Election Voted

Board Approves November 3 Election Date; New Studies


To Consider Future High-Speed Local Rail Transit
The intention to hold a special transit regional lines operated by the nve-county
bond election in November has been Bay Area Rapid Transit District.
voted by directors of the Alameda-Contra "Rapid rail transit for local East Bay
Costa Transit District in a move to speed service is a phase of our long-range pro-
up development of a publicly owned tran· gram that we are not directly confronted
sit system in the East Bay. with today. But it should be given thor-
The bonrd of directors, at its meeting ough consideration now so that we will
this month, also decided to ask consult· be ready to proceed when local, high-
ing engineers to study possible need for speed rail transit can be economically
future rapid Tail transit in the East Bay justified in the near future,"
to be operated by the District.
Rail Transit Needed
The rail study was part of a new
$25,000 contract agreement approved John R. Worthington, general mana-
with De Leuw. Cather & Company, con- ger, said that unless the fivl7county rapid
sulting engineers. Main part of the De transit district makes "major changes in
Leuw study will be a major revision of some of its routing, there are several areas
the district's motor coach plan to serve as of the East Bay where population density
the basis for the November bond issue. will both demand and justify additional
high-speed local rail transit in the next
New Equipment Bonds five to 15 years ....
The engineers were instructed to con- The special bond election, tentatively
sider an alternate bond proposal that scheduled for November 3, will be held
would be used to buy entirely new oper· in the District's new special operations
ating equipment. In the preliminary plan, zone, This zone includes most of Alameda
engineers recommended both the pur- County in the District, and EI Cerrito and
chase of new "'Transit Liner" motor Kensington in Contra Costa County,
coaches as well as some used buses from Several East Bay cities are considering
Key System Transit Lines, special bond elections this fall, Worth.
Robert K. Barber, district president, ingkm reported,including Oakland, Berk-
said follOWing approval of the contract: eley, Albany and EI Cerrito.
"Our engineering studies, in addition "One or more of these issues could be
to developing a final plan for motor coach consolidated with ours, representing not
operation, will also determine the future only a considerable saving to the taxpayer
needs of high·speed local rapid transit but at the same time helping to assure
that would be operated in the East Bay a larger voter turnout at the single elec.
area by this District in addition to the tion," he said.
District Requests Election Refund Engineers Complete Study On Electric
In letters to the supervisors, Worthing-
SuperVisors of Alameda and Contra
Costa couinties have been asked by the ton noted that both the East Bay Munici-
Trolley Coaches, Find Costs Excessive
Transit District to return nearly $34,000 pal Utility District and the East Bay Re- A special engineering study has found route miles now covered by Key System
the District paid the counties as a share gional Park District have on numerous that electric trolley coach operation is Transit Lines with electric trolley
of last November's election costs. occasions consolidated their elections more expensive than a similar service pro- coaches.
Although bills from the counties were with the county and never paid for it. vided by diesel motor coach. The DeLeuw study estimated that ini-
paid without protest earlier this year, it Election provisions of the state laws Consultants De Leuw, Cather & Com- tial capital costs to operate no miles of
has since developed that two other special under which the districts operate are es- pany, at the conclusion of a $1,000 sur- trackless trolleys on the heavily used lines
districts have not been paying for the sentially the same, according to Robert vey, reported: would require an additional $11,300,000
same service. E. Nisbet, transit attorney. above the initial outlay required for a
"Our studies clearly show that there is similar motor coach operation. Most of
John R. Worthington, district general Therefore, Worthington wrote, al- no economy in the operation of trolley
manager, asked for cancellation of the though the transit district board "sees no the additional expense was attributed to
coaches under the conditions prevailing construction of the overhead wire system
charges and for refunds in letters to su- objection to the payment of a reasonable within the Alameda-Contra Costa Transit
pervisors of both counties. Involved is charge to the county for the handling of and substations.
District. Many cities are gradually replacing
$26,970 paid to Alameda County and a consolidated election, it nevertheless
must, in light of the circumstances" ask "The additional cost required to oper- trolley coaches, and some have eliminated
$6,870 paid to Contra Costa County.
for a refund. ate 16 lines with trolley coaches as op- them entirely because of the heavier fi-
The District was billed and paid for a
posed to diesel coaches is estimated at nancial burden, the enginering report
share of the costs of the November con- The request is presently pending be- over $1,000,000 a year." stated.
solidated election at which transit direc- fore both boards of supervisors.
tors were elected and a transit bond issue The special study was requested by the Findings of the report have been re-
voted upon at the same time as state of- Board of Directors following a suggestion ferred to the Committee on Program
fices were filled. Riders, Revenues Increase several months ago by Director J. How- Planning for study and recommendation
ard Arnold that the District should con- at a meeting of the Board of Directors
On Santa Monica Buses vert and operate about 80 per cent of the June 17.
SANTA MONICA-An increase in both
Transit Times passengers and gross revenue has been
Published monthly by the
Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District
reported for the month of March by the
Santa Monica Municipal Bus Lines.
Local Hayward Service To Be Doubled
700 Plaza Building Net profit for the month was $20,803, Twice the amount of existing local inaugurate new lines into these areas," he
506 Fifteenth Street after all expenses including depreciation, transit service is planned for the Hayward said, noting that Southern Alameda
Oakland 12, California
Telephone TEmplebar 6·1808 as compared to a profit of only $3,054 for area by the Alameda-Contra Costa Tran- County is getting twice as many tract
March last year. sit District. homes this year as last year at this time.
Alan L. Bingham, Editor
Number of passengers carried was George M. Taylor, district administra- Some 25 miles of new local transit
Officers 1,071,634 as compared to 989,345 for the tive officer, told a meeting of the Hay- routes would serve the residential areas
Robert K. Barber President same month last year, despite an increase
Wm. J. Bettencourt . . Vice President ward Lions Club recently that district en- of Palma Ceia Village, Schafer Park,
John R. Worthington General Manager in fares granted last July. gineers have recommended four new 10- Huntwood Manor, Tennyson Gardens,
Robert E. Nisbet . Attorney-Secretary cal lines connecting surrounding residen- Warren Park and San Lorenzo Village.
George M. Taylor . Administrative Officer
More InJormation tial area with the downtown Hayward The new lines would provide direct
Directors business district. service to the Alameda County office
Robert K. Barber Director at large The District can make available speak-
Population in Hayward has increased building on Winton Avenue, the site of
Robert M. Copeland . Director at large ers and a 20-minute color film on transit
William H. Coburn, Jr. Ward I more than 350 per cent in last eight years, the proposed Hayward City Hall and
to interested organizations. A note or
J. Howard Arnold Ward II Taylor reported. "Yet, despite this spec- Auditorium, and Tennyson High School.
John l. McDonnell Ward III phone call to the District also will place
Wm. J. Bettencourt . tacular gain, no satisfactory local transit Additional new inter-city express lines
Ward IV your name on the mailing list for Transit
Pau I E. Deadrich . Ward V service exists in these many new residen- would provide faster and more conven-
Times if you are not already regularly tial districts." ient service among the several Southern
~10
receiving the monthly newsletter. Alameda County communities.
"We consider it an utmost necessity to
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SfUd4! iee{zMt
Parking Your Employe.~s Takes Money Away From Profits
Adequate Public Transit Workers Could Take Home $300
Could Reduce Financial More A Year Riding Improved
Burden 01 Free Auto Lots Public Transit In Place Of Autos
A major consideration in the location of industry is plant ployee parking lots approximates $1.25 per square foot, ex-
accessibility to employees who daily mtl8t travel to and from cept in high Jand value areas where the cost may soar to a
their ;obs. maximum of $30 to $35 a square foot.
Reprinted below, in part, is an address delivered recently Each parking space requires 300 to 350 square feet of land.
by John R. Worthington, general manager of the Transit Dis- The land cost alone, therefore, runs to $375 or $440 per space.
trict, before the annual meeting of the Berkeley Manufac- To this must be added approximatetly $300 per space for
turers Association. Its title: "Industry Has a Big Stake in improvements to adapt the land for parking purposes, plus
Transit," operating expenses and annual taxes of some $45 per space.
Thus a free parking lot for only 200 employee-owned cars
I am sure that for most businessmen the kind and quality requires an investment of about $145,000 and annual operat-
of transportation available to and used by your employees ing costs of $9,000. A 1,000 car lot costs about $725,000 and
are your every-day concern. occupancy is only 1.47 passengers per automobile at a time imposes annual operating costs of $45,000.
It cannot be otherwise because the efficiency of your when street space for moving people is at a premium.
operations is so closely and so inseparably linked with em- But that is only a part of the picture. Driving To Work Is Costly
ployee transportation. For employers, even those with relatively small payrolls, Certainly no progressive-minded corporation and no pro-
Tardiness, absenteeism, and low efficiency, all reRected there is constantly increasing pressure for the establishment gressive-minded individual would contend that employees
on the wrong side of the profit and loss account, are an in- or expansion of free parking lots for employees. This applies should not own and drive automobiles, but it is economically
evitable result of inadequate or the wrong kind of employee not just for those who do not have convenient access to pub- wasteful for employers, for employees, and for the general
transportation. lic transit, 'but also for those who could use transit facilities, public to provide costly inductments for empolyees to drive
A survey conducted among employees of several industrial but do not choose to do so. to and from work when they could have easy access to good
firms in West Berkeley a number of months ago disclosed public transit.
the rather startling fact that only three per cent of these wage A Heavy Cost Burden How economically wasteful it is for employees alone is
earners traveled to work by public transportation. About Employee parking lots may be free for employees, but they disclosed by research studies. An employee, who uses public
75 per cent drove their own cars and the remainder were are a heavy cost burden to management and stockholders transit 250 days a year instead of driving to and from work,
members of car pools. who are attempting to earn a fair return on invested capital. will save more than $300 in transportation costs, not includ-
First of all, parking lots occupy real estate that otherwise ing any expenditures for parking. This saving, compounded
Wrong Kind of Transportation would be available for productive operations. Of themselves, annually at three per cent, would total $11,000 in 25 years.
Driving to and from work in private automobiles is the parking lots do not contribute measurably to plant produc-
wrong kind of transportation for many employees, who have tion or to employee productivity. Public Transit Is Safer
convenient access to public transit facilities serving your The major item of cost, of course, is the Jand, whether it is Furthermore, driving to and from work in rush hours is
business establishments or who would have convenient ae- purchased specifically for parking purposes, or is taken from not only much more hazardous than going by bus, it is also
ceess to public transit if these facilities were provided. holdings acquired for future plant or office expansion. Other a most inefficient use of street space at the times when this
Not only is driving to and from work a needless expense costs include grading, drainage, lighting, fencing, entrances space should be used at its maximum capacity.
for employees, it also subjects them to the delays and hazards and exits, signing and space markings. These costs may also Research data indicate that it is six times as safe to travel
of the peak periods of street traffic congestion. include substantial payments in settlement of personal injury by bus as by private automobile during rush hour periods,
It's an economic waste of major proportions, both for them or personal property damage or loss claims. and that buses are six to seven times as efjicient in the use of
and for the genera1 public, inasmuch as the average rate of Research indicates that land cost (or evaluation) for em- street space.
• •
What the Editors Are Saying About Transit
Urban Buses Must. Be Speeded Up To Win Riders
Reprinted from The West Frankfort (Ill.) American:
HE MASS transportation problem is tion of bus service.
T not limited to the railroads. A survey
shows that 13 urban bus companies went
To hold present riders and win back
those who have wearied of the strain of
out of business last year. They couldn't driving twice a day through bumper-to-
compete with the comfort and conven- bumper traffic, bus movement must be
ience of the private car. speeded up. In Washington, for example,
The auto not only takes passengers their average speed has been calculated
from the buses but its constantly increas- at less than eight miles an hour, or about
ing numbers, by creating still more con- the speed at which horses and buggies
gestion, make the buses less satisfactory moved a half century ago.
for their remaining riders. Several cities have tried to increase bus
Metropolitan areas need both local speed by reserving a lane for them in the
mass transit and intercity railroad trains. direction of heaviest traffic flow. Where
Threatened loss of rail service has motorists are not penalized for encroach-
brought remedial action in some states, ing on the bus lane, its usefulness has
notably in New York. But comparatively been limited. Where they are ticketed, it
little has been done about the deteriora- is reported to be working well.

UNIQUE BUS STOP SHELTER-A new bus stop shelter recently installed in Beverly
Key Agrees On Part Of Track Removal Hills is one of several designs under consideration by Alameda-Contra Costa Transit
District for use in East Bay area. The shelter is fabricated completely of aluminum
The remaining abandoned transbay A right-of-way trade between Key and and is illuminated at night. Its open construction offers a minimum of obstruction to
train tracks will be removed from Oak- the city led to the removal of tracks on view in all directions.
land streets within two years, according 40th Street which is currently underway.
to a recent agreement between Key Sys- The entire removal program, which
tem Transit Lines and the City of Oak- initially was estimated to cost a total of Public Favorable To New Bus Stop Shelter
land. $750,000, is expected to be completed by
A newly designed bus stop shelter has waiting passengers from the weather, and
Discussions are still underway, how- April, 1961. an eight-foot-long fluorescent tube lights
been installed in the City of Beverly Hills
In Berkeley, the transit company has
ever, on the removal of tracks in Berkeley. as part of a program to increase the at- the shelter at night. Just beneath the tube
turned over $30,000 to pay the cost of
First Oakland project will be on Grand tractiveness of public transit riding. is a bus schedule and map under a glass
removing tracks on Shattuck Avenue be-
Avenue between Telegraph and Rand The Beverly Hills model is one of sev- plate. Cost of the pilot Beverly Hills
tween University and Durant Avenues.
Avenues, estimated to cost $100,000. eral being studied by the Alameda-Con- model was $1,300.
But discussions are still underway for the
Other h'acks remaining are on Lake- tra Costa Transit District for possible use Public reaction to the shelter has been
remainder of the program on Sutter Street
shore Avenue between Rand and Wesley in the East Bay area. "very favorable," according to Harvey L.
between Rose Street and The Alameda
Avenues, 12th Street between Poplar and Designed as part of a city-sponsored Hurlburt, assistant administrative officer
through the Northbrae Tunnel; Shattuck
Jefferson Streets, and portions of Pied- contest by a University of Southern Cali- for Beverly Hills.
Avenue between Rose and Ward Streets;
mont Avenue, Claremont Avenue and fornia student, the shelter is all-alumi- Several East Bay organizations, includ-
Adeline Street south of Ashby Avenue,
55th Street. num, and is approximately eight feet wide ing the San Lorenzo Village Homes Asso-
and Claremont Avenue between Ashby
and twelve feet long. A ten-foot bench ciation, have expressed a desire to have
Tracks already have been removed on and College Avenues.
will comfortably seat six people. bus stop shelters located at principal
12th Street between Oak and Jefferson Estimated cost of the Berkeley project
A curved cantilivered roof protects transfer and waiting points in their areas.
Sh'eets and a section of Grand Avenue. is $150,000.
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At an adjourned regular meeting May • Adopted a report of the Committee
28, 1959, the Board of Directors: on Public Information, Director Cope-
land chainnan, recommending that a
• Conducted a public hearing on for- proposed series of public hearings be
mation of Special Transit Service District postponed until after the District's final
No. I, and hearing no objections, voted transit plan is prepared, on motion of
to create the special district, on motion Director Copeland.
of Director Bettencourt.
• Adopted a report of the Committee
* * * on Program Planning, Director Deadrich
chainnan. recommending that no action
At its regular meeting June 3, 1959, the be taken on a proposed public opinion
Board of Directors: survey, and that the Board declare its
• Heard a report from Attorney Nisbet intention to hold a special bood election
that petitions were on file from Concord November 3, 1959, on motion of Director
City Council and Contra Costa County Copeland.
Board of Supervisors, requesting exclu-
sion from the District of the City of Con- • Approved a resolution of intent to
cord and unincorporated area of Contra hold special bond election in Special
Costa County with the exception of Ken- Transit Service District No. 1 next No-
sington. The attorney said the Walnut vember 3. on motion of Director Betten-
Creek City Council will conduct a public court. (Details, Page 1.)
hearing on a similar petition June 10.
• Adjourned meeting to June 17 at 8
• Instructed the attorney to prepare a p.m. for purposes of setting a public hear-
resolution approving contract with De ing date to consider petitions filed by
Leuw, Cather & Company for engineer- Concord City Council and Contra Costa
ing studies to cost no more than $25,000, County Board of Supervisors requesting
on motion of Director Copeland. (De- withdrawal of area from Transit District,
tails, Page 1.) on motion of Director McDonnell.

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