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/when welding equiment from high-alloy austenitic, it has to keep the chemical

composition of the weld for a while, to make sure that the weld has
Reliability corrosion
Reliability of mechanic strength
working conditions of equiment
/who can do welding work on a pressure vessel
anyone
licenced welder
weld inspector
design engineer
/in welding process,penetration zone is defined as
heat affected zone
transformation zone
coarse-grained HAZ
/following failure forms are usual respectively for an internal pressure vessel
bucking
leakage
large plastic deformation or rupture
bursting
/which failures are to consider for a rotary kiln
kiln shell warping
length of kiln
elongation the length of kiln
pressure
/a common use of ultrasonic testing is
detecting of sub-surface indications
determination of the test piece ductility

communications
cleaning
/to calculate the thickness of the glazed reactor made of compound
materials(caremic and steel),which factor is to be considered for the calculation
MAWP of reactor
the strength of both materials
allowable stress of ceramic
the strain of both materials
/the roles of transverse baffles of a heat exchanger are
increasing the heat transfer and avoiding the vibration
increasing the heat transfer and avoiding the corrosion
increasing the heat transfer and guiding the flow
/which is the most influent factor in the considering of piping system
temperature
flanges
pressure
fitting
/the most important safety device on a pressure vessel is
over-pressurization device
pressure regulator
ventilation valve
pressure gauge
/if welding is done on a pressure vessel, what documention do you need
payment bill
requirements and standards of national board
purchase order
work order

/which of the follwing is a function of a developer of liquid penetrant testing method


accentuates presence of discontinuities by causing a penetrant indication to spread
out over a larger area
providing a contrasting background for visible dye indications
provides capillary paths to aid the bleed out process
all of them
/the minimum shell thickness for carbon steel(inclusive of corrosion allowance)
depends on shell diameter and is in the range of......mm for shell and tube heat
exchanger
3-5
5-11
12-18
8-15
/which are the usuful impurity elements in carbon steel are
Cr.Mg
Pb.Hg
Mn,Si
Ca,Mo
/The structure of equipment consist from many welded sections/components, the
design wfll be based on:
Standard dimensions of steel plates or steel tubes
Dimensions of components
Dimension resulted from calculation plus additional value of corrosion and abrasion
Dimensions resulted from calculation
/which of the following discontinuity types could typically be found with a liquid
penetrant test?
Sensitization in austenitic stainless steel
Internal slag in a weld

Internal slag in a casting


Fatigue cracks
/In the phase of design of equipment, the designer must:
appoint the method of welding
choose the welder
prepare the edge
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/For a 23 mm hole driled in plates to be riveted, the shank diameter of the rivet
should be
19
21
23
25
/The main causal producing edge stress in a vessel is
Eccentric loads
False welding form
Discontinuous structure
External pressure
/A cylindrical storage tank can have a self supported conical roof,
if its diameter is less than 15-20 meters.
if the thickness of the roof is more than that of the cyindrical shel. if its diameter is
more than 50 meters.
irrespecflve of its diameter.
/A liquid penetrant process in which excess penetrant is removed with an organic
solvent is called:
Water washable
Post-emulsified

solvent removable
Dual method
/Saddle supports are used for supporting vessels.
horizontal cylindrical
tal verucal
thick spherical
thick waled vertical
/which of the following is the most desirable method of pre-cleaning a test piece
prior to liquid penetrant testing?
Sand blasting
Vapour degreasing
Wire brushing
Emery cloth
/Movement of pipeline caused by thermal expansion is compensated by
guide rail
none of these
expansion joint
fastening cables
/The most effective NDT method for locating surface cracks in ferromagnetic
materials is:
Radiographic testing
Liquid penetrant testing
Magnetic particle testing
Ultrasonic testing
/The circumferential (hoop) stress in a thin walled cylindrical vessel under internal
pressure is
pd/2t

pd/3t
pd/4t
pd/t

/Objectives of the regulations and standardization are :


Reduction of production costs
Facilitating communication between operators and manufacturers
Increased reliabflity
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/To change the direction of a pipeline , a/an is used.
flange
elbow
union
compensator
/The hydrostatic test may be replaced by a pneumatic test?
No, the hydrostatic test should be used only
No, hydrostatic test must be followed by a pneumatic test
Yes, when the hydrostatic test cannot be done.
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/The units of Young's modulus of elasticity and are the same.
force
strain
stress
modular ratio
/In a thin cylindrical shell, the hoop stress is stress.
radial

longitudinal
circumferential tensie
compressive
/while testing with liquid penetrant, a wire brush should be used for pre-cleaning :
when rust is to be removed
when grinding burrs must be removed
Only as a last resort
when grease and oi must be removed
/Cheap buit, simple shapes, easy manufactured, correct tolerances and uses
standard parts etc are features of equipment, which
can be considered as:
Ensure engineering
Logical structure
Easy operation
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/Large process vessels operating under extreme temperature and pressure
conditions are normally clad/ lined with materials like
stainless steel, aluminum, nickel &its alloys, copper &its alloys and titanium. The
cladding thickness is generally about.....percent of the total thickness.
30 to 40
1 to 5
40 to 50
10 to 20
/ Rivets are generally specified by the
head diameter
none of these
overal length

shank diameter
/The necessary wall thickness for a metallic storage vessel is a function of the
ultimate tensile strength (or yield point) of the material and operating temperature.
operating pressure.
diameter of the vessel.
Quafity of welder and welding/joint efficiency
/........shapedroof is the most commonly used roof for cylindrical storage tanks.
Flat
Dome
spherical
Conical
/ when steel is often added to some other metals such as chromium, nickel,
molybdenum, manganese, silicon, titanium...the
character of the steel wfll have:
changes and becomes stainless steel
no changes
Quality reduction
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/Flanges are connected to pipes by
screwing
al of them true
welding
brazing, soldering
/which following factors could be Indices for deciding the method of machining?
1/ Technologies that fabricated materials
2/ Infrastructure of worlshop
3/ materials

How many answers of above are right?


/Is a container with a vacuum inside a pressure vessel?
No, that is not
if vacuum is deep enough
Only in special cases
Yes, that is
/C<sub>2</sub>H<sub>2</sub> and 0<sub>2</sub> cyinders (containers) and
hoses have
Different screw threads
Same screw threads
Different colors
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/Cylindrical pressure vessels in horizontal condition is generally supported on a
support.
lug
saddle
crane
skirt
/Spherical shaped pressure vessel is considered to be the most ideal, because it can
be fabricated very easiy.
be designed without wind load considerations.
be supported very easily
withstand higher pressure for a given metalc shel thickness.
/There is a jacketed vessel. Its inner vessel is subjected to full vacuum, and its
jacket is subjected to internal pressure 0.5 MPa,The working temperature is less
than 100C. Determine the following parameters:
The hydrostatic test pressure of the inner vessel is 0.65 MPa and the hydrostatic
test pressure of lffi the jacket is 0.65 MPa.

The hydrostatic test pressure of the inner vessel is 0.65 MPa and the hydrostatic
test pressure of the jacket is 0.75 MPa.
The hydrostatic test pressure of the inner vessel is 0.75 MPa and the hydrostatic
test pressure of the jacket is 0.65 MPa.
The hydrostatic test pressure of the inner vessel is 0.75 MPa and the hydrostatic
test pressure of the jacket is 0.75 MPa.
/What is the symbol of low carbon steel , which have following property : 0 =450
N/mm2
CF45
C45
CCT 45
BCT4S
/The buckling tendency of compression members is always in the direction of the
perpendicular to the axis of the load.
axis of the load.
least radius of gyration.
Vlfind load.
/How many bolts are used for the flange?
6
multiple of 4
multiple of 2
5
/Lug support is
the most suitable for thick vertical vessel.
same as bracket support.
provided usually for vessels of much smaller height than skirt supported vessels.
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?

/Wind load consideration in the design of a support can be neglected, when the
vessel is
tall (~ 30 meters), but is full of liquid.
tall (~ 30 meters) but empty
short (<2 m) and housed indoor.
short (< 1m)
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/The detaiis of equipment are considered as thin shell, if :
The thickness s 2 0.1 of the diameter of vessel
The thickness s 5 0.1 of the diameter of vessel
The thickness 5 5 0.1 of average diameter of detak
The thickness s 2 0.1 of average diameter of the details
/which forms of tube layout on tubesheet in heat exchanger are used?
equi-lateral
triangular
Square
Al of them.
/There is a pressure vessel which is subjected to internal pressure. Its maximum
working pressure is 1.6 MPa. No hydrostatic pressure, working temperature is less
than 150C, and installed a safety valve. The hydrostatic test pressure is
1.76 MPa
1.6 MPa
2.2 MPa
2 MPa
/against excessive
turbulence
noise

temperature
pressure/pressure fluctuation
/Composite (compound) materiaks are
used for improved optical properties
made with strong fibers embedded in weaker and softer matrix to obtain strength
better than
strength of matrix.
Made with strong fibers embedded in weaker and softer matrix to obtain strength
better than
strength of both matrix and filer.
made mainly to improve temperature resstance
/main stresses for the pressure vessel are :
axial stress
hoop stress ( circumferential stress)
Torsion stress
Shear stress
How many Stress(es) is (are) true?
/Equipment designing should be based first on:
Technical requirements
Technical parameters
Technical specifications
Prices
/which properties are needed for equipment working at high pressure, made of
materials to prevent explosion and easily replaced
Extremely durable, expensive
Less durable, inexpensive
Same material with other detafls

How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?


/In hydrostatic testing of welded pipe (for leakage, strength etc.) the ratio of
minimum hydrostatic test pressure to internal design
pressure is around
2.5
3.5
1.5
0.5
/The choice of material as well as process is made at the early design stage because
type of material affects the detafled aspects of......
cost
none of the above
design
design as wel as cost
/Bracket supports are the most suitable for supporting vessels.
thick walled vertical
horizontal
thin spherical
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/The colour of fluorescent penetrant under the presence of a UV light in using for
the liquid penetrant testing is:
Green
Red
Blue
Yelow-green

/factor of safety is very important in equipment design. It is defined as the ratio of


the

working stress to ultimate stress.


ultimate stress to breaking stress.
none of these
ultimate stress to working stress.
/coalescence of part surfaces in Solis State welding is achieved by
Pressure
Heat
Pressure
Time
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/Lap joints are preferred for plates having thickness ......... .. mm.
>5
>3
<12.5
5-10

/when radiographing a part of equipment which contains a crack, it will appear on


the radiograph as:
A dark linear indication which could be continuous or intermittent
A ight, irregular ine
Either a dark or light line
A dark continuous ine
/The designer of chemical equipment's detais obliges to think about following
working conditions:
Start-up condition
Overused can occur when equipment is at operating phase
Shut-down phase of operating

How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?


/In a ....... ..riveted joint, the rivets in the various rows are opposite to each other.
zig-zag
diamond
chain
none of these

/Liquid penetrant testing is based on the principle of:


Polarized sound waves in a iquid
Capiary action
Magnetic domains
Absorption of X rays
/Oxyfuel Gas welding can be used to
bind material
separate material
brazing and heating metals
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/How many statement(s) of following statements is (are) false?
The force due to wind load acting on a tall vessel depends upon shape.
outside diameter.
height.
/Acceptable methods of liquid penetrant application are:
Spraying
Dipping
Brushing
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?

/A seam would be classified as what type of disconnnuity in the magnetic particles


testing?
Magnetizing
Service
Processing
Inherent
/Vertical vessels are not supported by
skirts
saddles
columns
brackets

/which following faflure forms are usual respectively for an external pressure vessel?
a. bursting
b. leakage
c. buckling
d. large plastic deformation or rupture
/Ultrasonic testing is:
a. The science of discontinuity detection using ultrasonic sound
b. Sound which has a frequency or pitch above the range of the human ear
c. Mechanical vibrations below the frequency of human hearing
d. Mechanical energy with a speed of propagation faster than the speed of sound
/A developer aids penetrant bleed out while testing with liquid penetrant because
of:
a. Proper emulsifier action
b. Providing a contrasting background for visible dye indications
c. Adequate removal of the excess penetrant

d. Caplary action

/what is the main index to classify cast irons to steels ?


a. the limit of 1/o C
b. the imit of 0,2/o C
c. the limit of 2% C
d. the imit of 0.1% C
/which of the following is a must for a liquid penetrant test?
a. Developer must be appied in a thin, even coat
b. Any surface coatings or sols must be completely removed
c. The test object must be non-magnetic
d. AI traces of penetrant materials should be removed after testing is complete
/The selecting materials for manufacturing equipment
a. Must conform to technical requirements
b. Ensure reliable chemical corrosion and mechanical properties for equipment in
working conditions
c. Must be biodegradable
d. As cheap as possible
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?

/Nominal size of a pipe is an indication of its diameter.


a. inner
b. none of these
c. outer
d. approximate
/The equipment must have following requirements:
a. Solid construction, mechanical properties consistent.

b. The logical structure ensures mechanical properties and long life.


c. Cheap and movable
d. Expensive solid construction
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/what is AWS standing for ?
a. Air warning Service
b. Amazon web Services
c.American Welding Society Standards
d. American working Standards
/when joining the two detais together with welding such as lap-joint weld, butt weld,
fillet weld , the thickness of the two parts must be:
a. thick enough
b. Not equal
c. all of them true
d. Equal
/There is a pressure vessel which is subjected to internal pressure. Its maximum
working pressure is 1.6 MPa. No hydrostatic
pressure, working temperature is less than 150C, and installed a safety valve. The
design pressure is
a. 2.2 MPa
b. 1.76 MPa
c. 1.6 MPa
d. 2 MPa
/The ratio of lateral strain to linear strain is termed as the
a. modulus of elasticity
b. Poisson's ratio
c. bulk modulus

d. shear modulus
/Jacketed reactor is heated by saturated steam. Body temperature calculated for
reactor was chosen as:
1/ Maximum temperature of the environment in itself
2/ Environmental temperature of the body exposed to reactor plus 50C, but not
less than 250C
3/ The temperature of the heating agent
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/A riveted joint does not fafl by....... of rivets.
a. tearing
b.sheanng
c. tearing of the plate across a row
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/Main characteristics of Siicium in alloy steel are :
a. Decreasing heat resistance
b. Decreasing hardenabity
c. All of above
d. Development strength and fatigue durabity at high temperature
/Corrosion rate is
a. thickness in pm of abrasive material per year
b. thickness in m of abrasive material per year
c. thickness of material used per year
d. thickness in mm of abrasive material per year
/Seamless pipe is made
a. from rolled strips formed into cylinders and seam-welded.
b. by extrusion &casting into static and centrifugal molds.

c. by forging a solid round, piercing it by simultaneously rotating &forcing it over a


piercer point and further reducing it by rolling
gas drawing.
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/Elastic failure of a material occurs, when the tensile stress equals yield strength,
yield point or the elastic limit. Also,the elastic
faflure occurs according to maximum strain theory, when the maximum tensile
strain equals (where, 0 = yield strength and E =modulus of elasticity)
a. o/E
b. E/o
c. E
d.0
/when the temperature is getting higher, the yielding stress o<sub>s</sub> and
the elastic modulus E of iron based steel are getting
a. lower
b. harder
c. higher
d. Softer
/ which type of gasket is suitable for high pressure and temperature?
a. Rubber gasket
b. Metal gasket
c. PTFE gasket
d. Paper gasket
/Reinforcement of an opening is usually provided by
a) a reinforcing ring
b) a reinforcing plate
c) a stiffening ring
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?

/when equipment is designed working in corrosive and high pressure environments,


the most suitable and cheapest way is to
select following materials :
a. Stainless steel
b. clad steel
c. glazed stee
d. Common CT 3 steel
/To weld two different thickness details together, it shall be:
a. Apply more material into thinner so that they have the equal thickness.
b. Shape down the material of the thicker detail to the thickness equal to other
detail so that the two details have equal thickness.
c. Using the intermediate ring
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/In a conical head subjected to internal pressure, where is the position subjected to
the minimum stress?
a. At the middle of the cone
b. At the large end.
c. All the same
d. At the smal end
/A cladding in steel plate would be classified as what type of discontinuity in the
magnetic particles testing?
a. Magnetizing
b. Inherent
c. Service
d. Processing
/ Piping system faflures are caused by :
Welding problems
Poor compensation

Damage during field fabrication and erection


Using restraint
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
a. 2
b. 3
C. 1
d. 4
/The common heat treatments of steel are
a. Forging and Annealing
b. Anneaing and roing
c. Annealing and normalizing
d. Forging and pressing
There is a jacketed vessel. Its inner vessel is subjected to full vacuum, and its jacket
is subjected to internal pressure 0.5 MPa,
The working temperature is less than 100C. Following parameters are used :
a. The calculated external pressure of the inner vessel is 0.5 MPa and the calculated
pressure of jacket is 0.5 MPa
b.The calculated external pressure of the inner vessel is 0.6 MPa and the calculated
pressure of jacket is 0.5 MPa
c.The calculated external pressure of the inner vessel is 0.6 MPa and the calculated
pressure of jacket is 0.6 MPa
d.The calculated external pressure of the inner vessel is 0.5MPa and the calculated
pressure of jacket is 0.6 MPa
/Failures of Pressure Vessel are oftens caused by :
a. welding problems
b. Faulty inspection
c. Damage during field fabrication and erection
d. Operators

How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?


/Thin spherical shells subjected to internal pressure, develop stresss.
a. radial
b. lateral
c. circumferential
d.torsion

/which requirements are very important for the engineer at designing work?
a. Selecdng materials
b. Capacity of equipment
c. Technology features of equipment
d. The cost of equipment
/Two iron pipes of the same nominal diameter but different schedule numbers will
have the same
a. wall thickness
b. none of these
c. inside diameter
d. outside diameter
/what is a weep-hole?
a. Inspection hole
b. Greasing hole
c. Vent hole
d. Hole for measure instruments

/Why is the operation temperature for the design of pressure vessel important?
a.for calculation of cooing capacity of air conditioner
b. for isolation work

c. properties of material change with temperature


d. temperature relates with pressure
/Standardized parts for chemical equipment are often used, because:
a. It is cheap and readiy
b. It is convenient to: use, replacement, repairing and assembnng
c. It is supplied only from reputable supplier
d. It can supplied from non reputable supplier
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/which kind of cylindrical tank must have column support for the roof?
a. all tanks irrespective of their heights and diameters.
b. smal diameter tanks.
c. smal diameter tall tanks.
d. large diameter tanks.
/Austenitic Steel 18-8 is expensive but often used in the chemical industry, because
it has the properties :
a. Heat resistant
b. Resistance to chemical corrosion
c. Easy to process
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/when you select the type of welding joint, it depends on:
a. Materials
b. The weld position
c. Welding methods
d. The technology of welding
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/Where would you expect to find the pressure vessel name plate?
a. On a pressure vessel support.

b. On control panel
c. At the manway opening.
d.Just below the safety valve

/Cracks which are caused by alternating stresses above a critical level are called:
a. Stress corrosion cracks
b. Critical cracks
c. Fatigue cracks
d. Cycing crack
/what are Monel & Inconel
a. Types of low carbon steels
b. SpecialAIoys
c. Slang of Money and Income
d. none of these
/The ratio of shear stress to shear strain is called
a. shear modulus
b. modulus of rigidity
c. bulk modulus
d. modulus of elasticity
/A dark crescent shaped spot indicated in the radiographic testing clearly in the
base metal adjacent to a weld would probably be:
a. A water spot on the film
b. Fim crimp mark
c.A crack
d. Burn through
/which material can provide corrosion resistance at low cost ?
a. Plastic

b. Wood
c. Ceramic
d. Aloy steel
/which kind of following welding method is not a fusion welding ?
a. oxyfuel gas welding
b. friction welding
c.plasma weldin
d. arc welding
/In a fixed tubesheet type of heat exchanger, if the temperature of tubes is less than
that of the shell
a. The stress in tubes is tensile stress and is compressive stress.
b. The stress in tubes is tensie stress and is bending stress.
c. The stress in tubes is ductlie stress and is compressive stress.
d. The stress in tubes is tensie stress and is shear stress.
/what is the subsequent faiiure of an under designed thickness of flange?
a. cheap
b. expensive
c. Reinforcement
d. Bucking deformation
/The roles of transverse baffles are
a) To increase the coefficient of heat transfer
b) to support the bundle
c) To resist the vibration
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
Acid Resistant steels are the kind of alloy steels which are resistant to the corrosion
caused by acid or strong caustic media, are
called

a. Chromium Stainless Steel


b. Chromium-nickel Stainless Steel
c. Stainless Steel
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/which of the following pre-cleaning processes in liquid penetrant testing is not
recommended?
a. Shot blasting
b. Vapour degreaslng
c. Detergent cleaning
d. Ultrasonic cleaning
/In a cylindrical vessel subjected to internal pressure, the longitudinal stress
o<sub>L</sub> and the circumferential stress, oh are ralated by
a. o<sub>h</sub> = o<sub>L</sub>/2
b. o<sub>h</sub> = o<sub>L</sub>
c. o<sub>h</sub> = 2 o<sub>L</sub>
d. no relation exists
/The wall thickness of thin cyfindrical shell with hemispherical ends is that of the
spherical ends.
a. more than
b. equal to
c. depends on maximum permissible internal pressure
d. less than
/which following statement(s) is (are) wrong?
a. For all the cylindrical process vessels operating above atmospheric pressure,
formed heads are used for closing the vessel.
b. Foufing factor of river water is less than that of sea water.
c. Risers provided in bubble cap trays in the dismlation column facilitate the flow of
both liquid and vapor.

How many statement(s) of above is (are) wrong?


/which one are inorganic materials
a. plastics
b. biobgical materials
c. minerals and ceramics
d.wood
Ceramic materials are
a. basically crystalline oxides or metals
b. inorganic compounds of metalc and non-metaic elements
c. none of the above
d. good conductors of electricity
/Connecting processes which produces coalescence of materials by heating a filler
metal having a liquidus above 450C and below
the solidus of the base metals are called
a. Riveting
b. screwing
c. Soldering / Brazing
d. Welding
/Corrosion rate 10 mm / year meant the material being considered:
a. Very durable
b. corrosion non-resistant, Unstable
c. corrosion resistant
d. Durable
/what is material fatigue?
a. Compensation load action
b. Added thickness of material for safety
c. Destruction of material under over load action

d. Destruction of material under alternate load action


/which fracture mode of bolt connection is undesirable for design engineer ?
a. Brittle Failure
b. Ductile Failure
c. Moderately Ductie Faiure
d. Fatigue
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/For formed heads / bottoms,
a. The semispherical and ellipsoidal head are the best to subject to pressure due to
the minimum stress in it
b. The semispherical and flat head are the best to subject to pressure due to the
minimum stress in it
U c. The ellipsoidal head is the best to subject to pressure due to the minimum
stress in it
Q d. The semispherical head is the best to subject to pressure due to the minimum
stress in it
/Magnetic particles testing is used to find subsurface discontinuities in:
a. Soft steels with high permeabmty
b. Hardened steels with high permeabity
c. Soft steels with low permeabiity
d. Hardened steels with low permeabity
/Following loads should be considered, when designing a tall vessel,
a) Internal pressure
b) wind load, seismic load
c) External pressure
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/The minimum shell thickness for tank 515 meters diameter is iimited to mm, for
reasons of elastic stabiity.

a. 2
b. 10
c. 5
d. 15
/To increase the critical pressure, if the parameters of outer diameter D and material
of a pressure vessel subjected to external
pressure are keeping constant, the measures are
a) decreasing the length of vessel
b) Adding the stiffening rings
c) increasing the thickness of the vessel
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/Resistance Spot Welding is classified as
a. Arc Welding
b. Clad welding
c. Shield Gas Welding
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/Bending stress generated in the weld would weaken the structure, because:
a. At the weld, metal becomes brittle
b. At the weld, metal becomes more flexible
c. At the weld, quaity of metal is lower
d. At the weld,quality of metal is higher
/The mechanical properties of metal materials are
a. Strength, crystal structure, toughness and weld abity
b. Strength, crystal structure, toughness and plasticity
c. Strength, hardness, toughness and plasticity.
d. Strength, Hardness, toughness and weld abity
/Joint efficiency (J) for a seamless pipe is

a. 1.2
b. <0.5
c. 0.85
d. 1
/For high pressure process equipments/vessels, the connected nozzle should be
a. welded
b. screwed
c. brazed
d. flanged
/Following statements accurately describe the capabflities of liquid penetrant
testing:
a. Liquid penetrant testing is useful for locating subsurface discontinuities in a test
piece
b. Liquid penetrant testing is useful for locating discontinuities in porous materials
c. Liquid penetrant testing is useful for locating discontinuities which are open to
the surface in non-porous materials
d. Liquid penetrant testing is useful for locating weld quality
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/In case of a thin pressure vessel, the ratio of its diameter to wall thickness is
a. <10
b. >10
c. >20
d. >30
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/Why are name plates of pressure vessel so important?
a. give the informations of safety
b. for advertising purpose of suppier

c. worker can recognise the name of the vessel


d. It is just a decoration
/Consumable electrodes used in Arc Welding is added to weld joint as
a. electrodes
b. filler material
c. Slag
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/Steel classification according to the quality are
a. - Carbon steel
Stainless steel
- Alloy steel
b. - Killed Steel
- Rimmed Steel
- semi killed steel
c.- low carbon steel
- medium carbon steel
- high carbon steel
d. common steel
- high grade steel
- super high grade steel
/what are the expansion joint for the pressure vessel?
a. Floating head
b. Open ] joint
c. Communicator
d. compensator
/Stress corrosion cracking is a failure mechanism that is caused by environment,
susceptible material, and......

a. hoop stress
b. Torsional shear stress
c. tensie stress
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/Main characteristics of Nickel in alloy steel are :
a. Improves hardness
b. Improves strength at high Temperature
c. Increases corrosion resistance
d. increases toughness at low temperatures
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/To examine integral strength and seaing of a vessel, the suitable test is hydrostatic
test
a. hydrostatic test
b. Magnetic test.
c. Liquid test
d. Ultrasound test
/155 which plastic can be used until 250C ?
a. Polypropylene
b. Polytetrafluoroethylene
c. Polyvinyl chloride
d. Polyethylenes
/155 who has the absolute competence over your pressure vessels?
a. International standard
b. State
c. Police
d. Testing company
/For a rolled cylindrical shell, the nominal diameter is

a. The outer diameter of the shell


b. The inner diameter of the shel.
c. The design diameter
d. The diameter of the midine of the shel
/How many statement(s) of following statements is (are) false?
a. Riveting provides a permanent fastening method.
b.The joint made by overlapping of one plate over the other, and then rivefing the
two plates together with two rows of rivets is
called double riveted butt joint.
c. Shank diameter of the rivets should be less than the size of the hole drilled in the
plate for riveting.
d. The efficiency of a riveted joint is the ratio of the strength of the riveted joint to
the strength of the solid plate.
/The plate edge preparation before welding depends on:
1/ Method of welding
2/ welding joint
3/ Thickness of material
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?

/Steel classification according to the content of carbon (C/o) are


a. - Austenite
- Martensit
- Ledeburit
b. - Low Carbon Steel
- Medium Carbon Steel
- High Carbon Steel
c. - Carbon steel

- Stainless steel
- Aloy steel
d. Mid carbon steel
- rimmed steel
- kied steel
/The solutions to decrease thermal stress in fixed-tubesheet type of heat exchanger
are
a. Reducing difference of the temperature between tubes and the shell and welding
the tubes to tubesheet.
b. Increasing difference of the temperature between tubes and the shel and setting
an expansion joint
c. Reducing difference of the temperature between tubes and the shell and setting
an expansion joint to the shel.
d. setfing expansion joint to the tubes
/Circumferential (hoop) stress in a thin cylindrical vessel under internal pressure is
a. half
b. twice
c. eight times
the longitudinal stress.
d.equal to
/Maximum temperature at tip of inner cone of Oxyacetylene Torch can reach to
a. ~34000C
b. ~1400C
c. ~2400C
d. ~4400C
/which one is the main character of austenitic steel:
a. magnetic
b. non magnetic

c. non weldable
d. brittle
/The shear strain in a pressure vessel is zero.
a. That is false
b. It depends from loads
c. That is true
d. Just only under internal pressure
/which following failure forms are usual respectively for a flanged joint?
a. buckling
c. plastic deformation
b. rupture
d. leakage
/Stainless Steels are nickel-chromium alloys of iron with
a. chromium content must be >18/o
b. chromium content must be >12/o
c. chromium content must be >10/o
d. chromium content must be >16/o
/Following loads should be considered, when designing a tall vessel,
a) eccentric mass
b) wind load, seismic load
c) Internal mass.
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/which are the harmful elements in Carbon steel?
a. S,P
b. Cr, NI
c. Mn,Si

d. Mb, M0
/head is the strongest of all.
a. Torispherical
b. Conical
c. Hemispherical
d. Eiptical
/Vertical storage vessels are never supported by support.
a. saddle
b. lug
c. bracket
d. skirt
/Arc Welding Processes which use consumable electrode, are
a. Electrogas Welding
b. none of these
c. Gas Tungsten Arc welding
d. Plasma Arc Welding
/Annealing and normalizing are the treatment of steel by using
a. Welding
b. Roing
c. Machining
d. Heating
/which are the impurity elements may make respectively carbon steel hot
brittleness and cold brittleness?
a. S, P
b. Si , Mn
c. Ni, Mn
d. Mg, Cr

/What is ASME ?
a. American Science of Measure Engineers
b. American Society of Mechanical Engineers
c. Australian Society for Music Education
d. American Society of Mechanical Engine
/In order to ensure the sealng of bolted flanges, the gasket must have the good
properties of
a. None of them
b. Hardness
c. Adhesion
d. Deformation and Resiency
/pressure vessels are :
a. Thinned wall vessels
b. Thick walled, Propane bottles Gas cylinders
c. storage tanks, Transportable Containers
d. beer bottles
How many above staement(s) is (are) correct?
/The ends of a cylindrical vessel can be closed by a head, which can be one of the
four shapes. For the same thickness, choose
the one which can withstand the highest pressure.
a. Flat plate
b. Hemisphencal
c. Torispherical
d. Elipsoidal
/Fields generated in ferromagnetic material with AC current are useful for locating:
a. All discontinuities

b. Subsurface discontinuities
c. Surface cracks
d. Internal porosity
/Why we need to know the operation temperature (high temperature) for the design
of rotary kiln?
a. to calculate the thickness of shell
b. to choose isolation material
c. mechanical properties of material change with temperature
d. temperature relates with pressure

/Flange faces used as contact surfaces to seat the seaing gasket material must be
a. Covered with rubber layer
b. rough surfaces
c. Oiled before setting the gasket
d. Coated with a glue layer
/Common limitations of use of plastics are :
a. low temperature
b. high temperature
c. high pressure
d. corrosion
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/The value of Poison's ratio of steel is
a. 0.27 0.3
b. 0.3 - 0.4
c. 0.4-0.5
d. 0.1 0.2.
/Arc shielding material used in Submerged Arc Welding is

a. Gas
b. Electrode coating
c. an of these
d. granular flux
/Main characteristics of Chromium in alloy steel are :
a. increasing corrosion resistance, strength, hardness, wear resistance, oxidation
resistance
b. increasing harden-ability temperature
c. Decreasing plasticity and toughness
d. Decreasing weld ability
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/The stress corrosion cracking is caused from
a. an externally applied load
b. false operation
c. operators
d. Temperature
/ Oxyacetylene Welding is performed by a high temperature flame from combustion
of acetylene and oxygen. It is a/an
a. Fusion welding
b. AI of these
c. Solid State welding
d. Resistant welding
/ which following details are not considered as shell:
a. Casing wall of bag filter
b. The rotor of the centrifugal sedimentation
c. Body, bottom head of equipment of reaction, mass transfer, heat transfer,
evaporator

How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?


/A rupture disc is provided in chemical equipments as an accessory meant for
a. creating turbulence.
b. avoiding leaking
c. relieving excess pressure.
d. enhancing mixing rate.
/A head comprises of straight flange section, corner torus, section and central
dished section. Crown radius and knuckle radius in a head is related respectively to
the
a. central dished section and corner torus section.
b. corner torus section and central dished section.
c. central dished section and straight flange section.
d. straight flange section and corner torus section.
/Common types of failures of pressure vessels, chemical equipments in refineries,
chemical processing plants are
a. Faulty design
b. Damage during field fabrication and erection
c. Welding problems
d. wrong measure equipment
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/what are subjects of the welding Sequence in manufacturing of chemical
equipment ?
a. Minimizing the weld distortion
b. Getting better cooling rates
c. making a complete joint penetration
d. Showing the difficulties of manufacturing
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/Chemical equipment is used tin the chemical process. It

a. contains only liquid


b. contains gas
c. contains solids
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/stress affected to the joint types of tube to tube sheet is caused by
a. Temperatures inside and outside of tubes
b. An externaly appied load
c. False operation
d. AI of them
/To calculate the tensile strength of equipment , it must first determine:
a. The allowable stress of the material to making equipment
b. Manufacturing Technology
c. The technical parameters of the equipment
d. Choosing the qualified welder
/A column is 15.000 mm tall with atmospheric pressure at the top and contains full
water. How much pressure [kPa] is at the bottom of the tank?
a. ~ 53-kPa
b. ~ 150 kPa
c. 0-kPa
d. ~ 250 kPa
/Cylindrical shell thickness of rotary drier is generally mm.
a. 12-15
b. 18-22
c. 6-8
d. 2-3
/Maximum working pressure of a boiler is (are) :

a.The maximum allowable working pressure for a vessel is the maximum pressure
permissible at the bottom of the vessel in its
normal operating position at the designated coincident temperature specified for
that pressure.
b.The maximum allowable working pressure for a vessel is the maximum pressure
permissible at the top of the vessel in its normal
operating position at the designated coincident temperature specified for that
pressure.
c.the pressure that wil create stresses in the shell that equal the allowable stresses
given in the material section of the code
How many definition(s) is (are) correct?
/An internal rupture caused by working steel at improper temperatures is called a:
a. Forging burst
b. Slag inclusion
c. Lap
d. Cold shut
/After welding is complete, to increase the corrosion resistance of welds, it must do
a. Cleaning the weld and tempering the weld
b. Cleaning the weld but not removing the oxide scales because they protect the
weld surface.
c. none of these
d. Cleaning the weld, removing the oxide scales on the weld
/Di/t of Thin-walled vessels should be
a.<=5
b.= 1
c.<=10
d.>= 220

/Main characteristics of Molybdenum in alloy steel are :

a. Improving the heat resistance


b. Development the resistance to the chloride anion Cl-.
c. increases hardenabflity and strength particularly at high temperatures
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/Restraint in piping system is used for
a. Reduce working
b. Reduce end point reaction loads
c. Absorb system weight
d. Absorb imposed loads
/what is the difference between 1mm H20 and 1mm of Hg in pessure measurement?
a. None of these
b. 1mm H20 greater than 1mm Hg
c. 1mm H20 less than 1mm Hg
d. There is no difference

/The main subjects of designing the equipment are :


a. Convenience and safety
b. al of them
c. Cheap and economic efficiency
d. High yield strength
/There is a pressure vessel which is subjected to internal pressure. Its maximum
working pressure is 1.6 MPa. No hydrostatic pressure, working temperature is less
than 150C, and installed a safety valve. The calculated pressure is
a. 1.76 MPa
b. 2 MPa.
c. 1.6 MPa
d. 2.2 MPa

/A cylndrical pressure vessel of volume 6 m<sup>3</sup> has to be designed to


withstand a maximum internal pressure of 10
Bim: 1 atm. The allowable design stress of the material is
125N/mm<sup>2</sup> and corrosion allowance is 2 mm. The thickness of the
vessel for a length/diameter ratio of 3 will be close to
a. 5 mm
b.10mm
c.6mm
d.8mm

/head is the weakest enclosure for cylindrical vessels.


a. Torispherical
b. Conical or flat
c. Elliptical
d. Hemispherical
/which of the following is not an advantage of magnetic particles testing?
a. Fast and simple to perform
b. Works wel through a thin coat of paint
c. Can detect discontinuities filled with foreign material
d. Reiable for finding surface cracks in al types of material
/Any shell opening greater than 5 cm for a storage tank must be reinforced for
reason of
a. saving material
c. making the joint leak proof.
d. reduction of discontinuity in shape at the junction.
b. preventing the local overstressing of the she! around the opening.
/ A shell may by termed as thin if its thickness to diameter ratio is less than 0.1. The
factor which can be neglected in the

calculation of membrane stresses is


a. bending
b. elongation
c. deformation
d. shear
/The fittings and gaskets are appropriate for the usage, contents, and vessel and
the pressure vessel is new installed. Is the vessel
in safe condition?
a. yes , if the fittings and gasket are new
b. yes
c. yes , after make sure the fittings and gaskets are appropriate for the usage.
d. no; we must check the fittings and gaskets
/Metal surfaces lined with rubber provide cost effective solution to resist abrasion
and to control corrosion for
a. destilation column
b. jacketed vessel
c. heat exchanger
d. acid storage tank

/Stainless Steel type 304 is with


a. 8% Chromium & 8% Nickel
b. 18% Chromium & 8% Nickel
c. 12% Chromium & 8% Nickel
d. 18/o Chromium & 10% Nickel
/Characteristics of Lowtemperature Steel are excellent processing workability and
weldabilrty at
a. -10 0C - <400 0C

b. none of these
c. < -40 0C
d. >40 C
/Generally, no corrosion allowance in wall thickness of a part is required, if the
thickness is more than........... mm.
a. 30
b. 10
c. 5
d. 20
/Cracks which are caused by a combination of tensiie stress and corrosion are
called:
a. Stress corrosion cracks
b. Cycing cracks
c. Critical cracks
d. Fatigue cracks
/The time period during which liquid penetrant remains on the surface of the test
piece is called:
a. Fixing time
b. Dwel time
c. soaking time
d. Development time
/What is the risk associated with using a wire brush during pre-cleaning of the liquid
penetrant testing?
a. Contaminants from the wire brush may cause delayed hydrogen cracking of high
carbon steels
b. Brisdes from the wire brush may cause false indications
c. The wire brush may close or smear metal over
d. The wire brush may not adequately remove organic sols

/The equal area principle of opening reinforcement is


a) that the sectional area of reinforcement is less than the area of the opening
b) that the sectional area of reinforcement is equal to the sectional area of the filet
weld
c) that the sectional area of reinforcement is equal to or exceed the area removed
by opening
How many statement(s) of above is (are) right?
/What is the result of incomplete removal of all excess liquid penetrant from the test
piece surface?
a. Formation of relevant indications
b. Understatement of the size of relevant indications
c. Formation of false indications
d. Exaggeration of the size of relevant indications
/Weld eflficiency coefficient characterizes the quality of:
a. The welding method
b. Welding materials
c. Design of equipment
d. Quality of welder
/Weld form, weld positions are set out in by design engineer.
a. Job order
b. Joint design
c. Calculation sheet
d. Parts listing
/Correction factor (n) in the formula for determining stress, is defined by:
a. Material of equipment
b. Technologies
c. working conditions of equipment

d. Average ife expectancy


/when the equipment is considered to install and repair at low cost , easy to replace
broken parts, easy to control the working mode and at the operation mode and
ensure safety, then the equipment is considered as:
a. Easy operation
b. Ensure engineering
c. High performance
d. Logical structure
/A vessel with a 300 mm diameter flat cover has internal pressure 70 KPa pushing
outward against the cover. How much force is being applied to the cover?
a. ~ 0,45 kN
b. ~ 5 KN
c. ~70 KPa
d. ~ 45 kN
/Instead of acetylene, following gases can be used for Oxyacetylene welding
a. propane
b. hydrogen
c. Natural gas
d. Propylene
How many statement of above is (are) right?
/The ability of a material to remain magnetic after the magnetizing force is removed
is called:
a. Retentjvity
b. Permeabity
c. Electromagnetism
d. Reluctance

/In chemical process equipments, the conical bottom heads used, usually has an
apex angle of
a. 800o
b. 60
c. 400o
d. 200o
/Available area of reinforcement includes
a. The area available in pipe wall and in attachment met weld
b. The area available in vessel shell and in attachment fillet weld
c. The area available in vessel shell and in pipe wall
d. The area available in vessel shell, in pipe wall, and in attachment fillet weld
/which of the following material is seldom used for pressure vessel construction ?
a. Rimmed steel
b. killed steel
c. Semi-killed steel
d. Mild steel
/where does the maximum tensile strength occur in a thick cylindrical vessel
subjected to internal pressure ?
a. At the inner surface.
b. At the mid thickness of the cylindrical wall.
c. At the outer surface.
How many statement of above is (are) right?
/Steel classification according to the smelting methods are
a. - Low Carbon Steel
- Medium Carbon Steel
- High Carbon Steel
b. - Killed Steel

- Rimmed Steel
- Semi-killed Steel
c. Carbon steel
- Stainless steel
- Alloy steel
d. - Common Steel
- High Grade Steel
- Super High Grade Steel
/The number of buckling wave nodes for cylinder shell under external pressure is
subjected to
a. Internal Loading
b. Diameter of vessel
c. width of stiffening rings
d. length of vessel

/head is the weakest enclosure for cyindrical vessels.


a. Torispherical
b. Conical or flat
c. Elliptical
d. Hemispherical
/which of the following is not an advantage of magnetic particles testing?
a. Fast and simple to perform
b. Works wel through a thin coat of paint
c. Can detect discontinuities fled with foreign material
d. Relable for finding surface cracks in al types of material
/Any shell opening greater than 5 cm for a storage tank must be reinforced for
reason of

a. saving material
b. preventing the local overstressing of the shell around the opening.
c. making the joint leak proof.
d. reduction of discontinuity in shape at the junction.
/Calculation pressure of high column is reasonably determined:
a. Pressure at the bottom of the tower
b. For each section by the height of the tower
c. pressure at the highest point in tower
d. Depending on working conditions
/Developed stress in material without any permanent setting is called the
a. ultimate stress
b. yield stress
c. elastic limit
d. breaking stress
/For a cylindrical internally pressurized vessel, which of the following closure types
would withstand highest pressure, if each closure is of the same material and
thickness ?
a. ellipsoidal
b. conical
c. flat plate
d. hemispherical

/Low alloy steel is defined with following composition


a. - C >0.2%
- Alloy elements :
1. *Mn 2~2.5%
2. *Si Cr TI V Nb Ni Al... 0.15~0.6%

b. - C >0.2%
- Alloy elements :
1. *Mn 1~2.5%
2. *Si Cr 1': V Nb Ni Al... 0.015 ~ 0.6%
c. - C<0.2%
- Alloy elements :
1. *Mn 2~2.5%
2. *Si Cr T: V Nb Ni Al... 0.15 ~ 0.6%
d. - C<0.2%
- Alloy elements :
1. *Mn 1~1.5/%
2. *Si Cr V Nb Ni AL... 0.015 ~ 0.6%
/The purpose of a factor of safety at the calculation of pressure vessel is (are) :
a. Factor for the material manufacturing
b. giving the engineer better feeling of safety
c. no affect
d. a demand of regulations
/The testing pressure of storage tanks and pressure vessels designed in general
should be about pressure.
a. 4 to 5
b.>5
c.3-4
d.1,5-2
/The choice of welding method depends on:
a. Material and geometry of the weld details
b. The skill level of factory
c. The technology of welding

d. Facilities of the factory


How many statement of above is (are) right?
/A discontinuous structure in a vessel wfll produce
a. Edge stress
b. Bending stress
c. Torsion
d. Shear stress
/working range of a chemical equipment is at..
a. low temperature and low vacuum
b. relatively low or high temperature ; low vacuum or very high pressure.
c. high temperature and high pressure
d. low vacuum and high pressure
/Burst pressure of an equipment varies according to
a. the shell structure and size.
b. complicated structure and high performance
c. the geometric structure
d. Operating temperature
How many statement of above is (are) right?
/Repeated cycling of the load is the main factor for
a. tensile stress
b. Fatigue
c. Brittleness
d. shear stress
/which one of following statement is wrong
a. The value of crushing load is more than that of buckling load for long columns.
b. The tensile strength of a brittle material is less than its compressive strength.

c. The compressive strength of a ductile material is less than its tensile strength.
d. In a thick cylindrical shell, the hoop stress is maximum at the inner radius.