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Q0001:?

Addison’s: most common cause


Autoimmune (infection is the 2nd most common cause)
Q0002:Aneurysm; dissecting: most common cause
Hypertension
Q0003:Aortic aneurysm; abdominal and descending aorta:
most common cause
Atherosclerosis
Q0004:Aortic aneurysm; ascending
3° syphilis
Q0005:Bacterial meningitis (adults) : most common cause
Neisseria meningitidis
Q0006:Bacterial meningitis (elderly) : most common cause
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Q0007:Bacterial meningitis (kids) : most common cause
Haemophilus influenzae type B
Q0008:Bacterial meningitis (newborns) : most common cause
E. coli
Q0009:Cancer associated with AIDS: most common cause
Kaposi’s sarcoma
Q0010:Congenital adrenal hyperplasia: most common cause
21-hydroxylase deficiency
Q0011:Cretinism: most common cause
Iodine deficit/hypothyroidism
Q0012:Cushing’s syndrome: most common cause
Corticosteroid therapy (2nd most common cause is excess
ACTH secretion by pituitary)
Q0013:Death in CML: most common cause
Blast crisis
Q0014:Death in SLE: most common cause
Lupus nephropathy
Q0015:Dementia: most common cause
Alzheimer’s (2nd most common is multi-infarct)
Q0016:DIC: most common cause
Gram-negative sepsis; obstetric complications; cancer; burn
trauma
Q0017:Ejection click: most common cause
Aortic/pulmonic stenosis
Q0018:Food poisoning: most common cause
S. aureus
Q0019:Glomerulonephritis (adults) : most common cause
IgA nephropathy (Berger’s disease)
Q0020:Hematoma—epidural: most common cause
Rupture of middle meningeal artery (arterial bleeding is fast)
Q0021:Hematoma—subdural: most common cause
Rupture of bridging veins (trauma; venous bleeding is slow)
Q0022:Hemochromatosis: most common cause
Multiple blood transfusions (can result in CHF and ↑ risk of
hepatocellular carcinoma)
Q0023:Hepatic cirrhosis: most common cause
EtOH
Q0024:Hepatocellular carcinoma: most common cause
Cirrhotic liver (often associated with hepatitis B and C)
Q0025:Holosystolic murmur: most common cause
VSD; tricuspid regurgitation; mitral regurgitation
Q0026:Hypertension; 2°: most common cause
Renal disease
Q0027:Hypoparathyroidism: most common cause
Thyroidectomy
Q0028:Hypopituitarism: most common cause
Adenoma
Q0029:Infection in blood transfusion: most common cause
Hepatitis C
Q0030:Infection in burn victims: most common cause
Pseudomonas
Q0031:?Leukemia (adults) : most common cause
AML
Q0032:“Machine-like” murmur: most common cause
PDA
Q0033:Mental retardation: most common cause
Down syndrome (fragile X is the second most common cause)
Q0034:MI: most common cause
Atherosclerosis
Q0035:Mitral valve stenosis: most common cause
Rheumatic heart disease
Q0036:Myocarditis: most common cause
Coxsackie B
Q0037:Nephrotic syndrome (adults) : most common cause
Membranous glomerulonephritis
Q0038:Nephrotic syndrome (kids) : most common cause
Minimal change disease (associated with
infections/vaccinations; treat with corticosteroids)
Q0039:Opening snap: most common cause
Mitral stenosis
Q0040:Osteomyelitis: most common cause
S. aureus
Q0041:Osteomyelitis in patients with sickle cell disease: most
common cause
Salmonella
Q0042:Osteomyelitis with IVDA: most common cause
Pseudomonas
Q0043:Pancreatitis (acute) : most common cause
EtOH and gallstones
Q0044:Pancreatitis (chronic) : most common cause
EtOH (adults); cystic fibrosis (kids)
Q0045:Peau d’orange: most common cause
Carcinoma of the breast
Q0046:PID: most common cause
Neisseria gonorrhoeae (monoarticular arthritis)
Q0047:Pneumonia; hospital-acquired: most common cause
Klebsiella
Q0048:Pneumonia in cystic fibrosis; burn infection: most
common cause
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Q0049:Preventable blindness: most common cause
Chlamydia
Q0050:Primary amenorrhea: most common cause
Turner’s (XO)
Q0051:Primary hyperaldosteronism: most common
association
Adenoma of adrenal cortex
Q0052:Primary hyperparathyroidism: most common
association
Adenoma
Q0053:Pulmonary hypertension: most common association
COPD
Q0054:Right heart failure due to a pulmonary association:
most common association
Cor pulmonale
Q0055:Right-sided heart failure: most common association
Left-sided heart failure
Q0056:Sheehan’s syndrome: most common association
Postpartum pituitary infarction 2° to hemorrhage
Q0057:SIADH: most common association
Small cell carcinoma of the lung
Q0058:UTI: most common association
E. coli
Q0059:UTI (young women) : most common association
E. coli and Staphylococcus saprophyticus
Q0060:?Bacteremia/pneumonia (IVDA) : most common
association
S. aureus
Q0061:Bacteria associated with cancer : most common
association
H. pylori
Q0062:Bacteria found in GI tract : most common association
Bacteroides (second most common is E. coli )
Q0063:Brain tumor (adults) : most common association
Mets > astrocytoma (including glioblastoma multiforme) >
meningioma > schwannoma
Q0064:Brain tumor (kids) : most common association
Medulloblastoma (cerebellum)
Q0065:Brain tumor––supratentorial (kids) : most common
association
Craniopharyngioma
Q0066:Breast cancer: most common association
Infiltrating ductal carcinoma (in the United States; 1 in 9
women will develop breast cancer)
Q0067:Breast mass : most common association
Fibrocystic change (in postmenopausal women; carcinoma is
the most common)
Q0068:Breast tumor (benign) : most common association
Fibroadenoma
Q0069:Bug in debilitated; hospitalized pneumonia patient :
most common association
Klebsiella
Q0070:Cardiac 1° tumor (adults) : most common association
Myxoma (4:1 left to right atrium; “ball and valve”)
Q0071:Cardiac 1° tumor (kids) : most common association
Rhabdomyoma
Q0072:Cardiac tumor (adults) : most common association
Mets
Q0073:Cardiomyopathy : most common association
Dilated cardiomyopathy
Q0074:Chromosomal disorder : most common association
Down syndrome (associated with ALL; Alzheimer’s
dementia; and endocardial cushion defects)
Q0075:Chronic arrhythmia : most common association
Atrial fibrillation (associated with high risk of emboli)
Q0076:Congenital cardiac anomaly : most common
association
VSD
Q0077:Constrictive pericarditis : most common association
Tuberculosis
Q0078:Coronary artery involved in thrombosis : most
common association
LAD > RCA > LCA
Q0079:Cyanosis (early; less common) : most common
association
Tetralogy of Fallot; transposition of great vessels; truncus
arteriosus
Q0080:Cyanosis (late; more common) : most common
association
VSD; ASD; PDA (close with indomethacin; open with
misoprostol)
Q0081:Demyelinating disease : most common association
Multiple sclerosis
Q0082:Dietary deficit : most common association
Iron
Q0083:Epiglottitis : most common association
Haemophilus influenzae type B
Q0084:Esophageal cancer : most common association
Squamous cell carcinoma
Q0085:Gene involved in cancer : most common association
p53 tumor suppressor gene
Q0086:Group affected by cystic fibrosis : most common
association
Caucasians (fat-soluble vitamin deficiencies; mucous
plugs/lung infections)
Q0087:Gynecologic malignancy : most common association
Endometrial carcinoma
Q0088:Heart murmur : most common association
Mitral valve prolapse
Q0089:?Heart valve in bacterial endocarditis : most common
association
Mitral
Q0090:Heart valve in bacterial endocarditis in IVDA : most
common association
Tricuspid
Q0091:Heart valve (rheumatic fever) : most common
association
Mitral valve (aortic is 2nd)
Q0092:Helminth infection (U.S.) : most common association
Enterobius vermicularis (Ascaris lumbricoides is 2nd most
common)
Q0093:Hereditary bleeding disorder : most common
association
von Willebrand’s
Q0094:Kidney stones : most common association
Calcium = radiopaque (2nd most common is ammonium =
radiopaque; formed by urease-positive organisms such as
Proteus vulgaris or Staphylococcus)
Q0095:Liver disease : most common association
Alcoholic liver disease
Q0096:Location of brain tumors (adults) : most common
association
Supratentorial
Q0097:Location of brain tumors (kids) : most common
association
Infratentorial
Q0098:Lysosomal storage disease: most common association
Gaucher’s disease
Q0099:Male cancer : most common association
Prostatic carcinoma
Q0100:Malignancy associated with noninfectious fever : most
common association
Hodgkin’s disease
Q0101:Malignant skin tumor : most common association
Basal cell carcinoma (rarely metastasizes)
Q0102:Mets to bone : most common association
Breast; lung; thyroid; testes; prostate; kidney
Q0103:Mets to brain : most common association
Lung; breast; skin (melanoma); kidney (renal cell carcinoma);
GI
Q0104:Mets to liver : most common association
Colon; gastric; pancreatic; breast; and lung carcinomas
Q0105:Motor neuron disease : most common association
ALS
Q0106:Neoplasm (kids) : most common association
ALL (2nd most common is cerebellar medulloblastoma)
Q0107:Nephrotic syndrome : most common association
Membranous glomerulonephritis
Q0108:Obstruction of male urinary tract : most common
association
BPH
Q0109:Opportunistic infection in AIDS : most common
association
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
Q0110:Organ receiving mets : most common association
Adrenal glands (due to rich blood supply)
Q0111:Organ sending mets: most common association
Lung > breast; stomach
Q0112:Ovarian tumor (benign) : most common association
Serous cystadenoma
Q0113:Ovarian tumor (malignant) : most common association
Serous cystadenocarcinoma
Q0114:Pancreatic tumor : most common association
Adenocarcinoma (head of pancreas)
Q0115:Patient with ALL/CLL/AML/CML : most common
association
ALL—child; CLL—adult > 60; AML—adult > 60; CML—
adult 35–50
Q0116:Patient with Hodgkin’s : most common association
Young male (except nodular sclerosis type—female)
Q0117:Patient with minimal change disease : most common
association
Young child
Q0118:Patient with Reiter’s : most common association
Male
Q0119:Pituitary tumor : most common association
Prolactinoma (2nd—somatotropic “acidophilic” adenoma)
Q0120:?Preventable cancer : most common association
Lung cancer
Q0121:Primary bone tumor (adults) : most common
association
Multiple myeloma
Q0122:Primary hyperparathyroidism : most common
association
Adenomas (followed by hyperplasia; then carcinoma)
Q0123:Primary liver tumor : most common association
Hepatoma
Q0124:Renal tumor : most common association
Renal cell carcinoma—associated with von Hippel–Lindau
and acquired polycystic kidney disease; paraneoplastic
syndromes (erythropoietin; renin; PTH; ACTH)
Q0125:Secondary hyperparathyroidism : most common
association
Hypocalcemia of chronic renal failure
Q0126:Sexually transmitted disease : most common
association
Chlamydia
Q0127:Site of diverticula : most common association
Sigmoid colon
Q0128:Site of metastasis : most common association
Regional lymph nodes
Q0129:Site of metastasis (2nd most common) : most common
association
Liver
Q0130:Sites of atherosclerosis : most common association
Abdominal aorta > coronary > popliteal > carotid
Q0131:Skin cancer : most common association
Basal cell carcinoma
Q0132:Stomach cancer : most common association
Adenocarcinoma
Q0133:Testicular tumor : most common association
Seminoma
Q0134:Thyroid cancer : most common association
Papillary carcinoma
Q0135:Tracheoesophageal fistula : most common association
Lower esophagus joins trachea/upper esophagus—blind
pouch
Q0136:Tumor in men : most common association
Prostate carcinoma
Q0137:Tumor in women : most common association
Leiomyoma (estrogen dependent)
Q0138:Tumor of infancy : most common association
Hemangioma
Q0139:Tumor of the adrenal medulla (adults) : most common
association
Pheochromocytoma (benign)
Q0140:Tumor of the adrenal medulla (kids) : most common
association
Neuroblastoma (malignant)
Q0141:Type of Hodgkin’s : most common association
Nodular sclerosis (vs. mixed cellularity; lymphocytic
predominance; lymphocytic depletion)
Q0142:Type of non-Hodgkin’s : most common association
Follicular; small cleaved
Q0143:Type of pituitary adenoma : most common
association
Prolactinoma
Q0144:Vasculitis : most common association
Temporal arteritis (risk of ipsilateral blindness due to
thrombosis of ophthalmic artery)
Q0145:Viral encephalitis : most common association
HSV
Q0146:Vitamin deficiency (U.S.) : most common association
Folic acid (pregnant women are at high risk; body stores only
3- to 4-month supply)
Q0147:Actinic keratosis : Classic Finding(s):
Often precedes squamous cell carcinoma
Q0148:Addison’s disease : Classic Finding(s):
Primary adrenocortical deficiency
Q0149:Albright’s syndrome : Classic Finding(s):
Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia; precocious puberty; café-au-
lait spots; short stature; young girls
Q0150:Albuminocytologic dissociation: Classic Finding(s):
Guillain-Barré (↑ protein in CSF with only modest ↑ in cell
count)
Q0151:Alport’s syndrome : Classic Finding(s):
Hereditary nephritis with nerve deafness
Q0152:Anti–basement membrane antibodies : Classic
Finding(s):
Goodpasture’s syndrome
Q0153:Anticentromere antibodies : Classic Finding(s):
Scleroderma (CREST)
Q0154:Anti-double-stranded DNA antibodies (ANA
antibodies) : Classic Finding(s):
SLE (type III hypersensitivity)
Q0155:Anti–epithelial cell antibodies : Classic Finding(s):
Pemphigus vulgaris
Q0156:Antigliadin antibodies : Classic Finding(s):
Celiac disease
Q0157:Antihistone antibodies : Classic Finding(s):
Drug-induced SLE
Q0158:Anti-IgG antibodies : Classic Finding(s):
Rheumatoid arthritis
Q0159:Antimitochondrial antibodies : Classic Finding(s):
Primary biliary cirrhosis
Q0160:Antineutrophil antibodies : Classic Finding(s):
Vasculitis
Q0161:Antiplatelet antibodies : Classic Finding(s):
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
Q0162:Arachnodactyly : Classic Finding(s):
Marfan’s syndrome
Q0163:Argyll Robertson pupil : Classic Finding(s):
Neurosyphilis
Q0164:Arnold-Chiari malformation: Classic Finding(s):
Cerebellar tonsillar herniation
Q0165:Aschoff bodies : Classic Finding(s):
Rheumatic fever
Q0166:Atrophy of the mammillary bodies : Classic
Finding(s):
Wernicke’s encephalopathy
Q0167:Auer rods : Classic Finding(s):
Acute myelogenous leukemia (especially the promyelocytic
type)
Q0168:Autosplenectomy : Classic Finding(s):
Sickle cell anemia
Q0169:Babinski’s sign : Classic Finding(s):
UMN lesion
Q0170:Baker’s cyst in popliteal fossa: Classic Finding(s):
Rheumatoid arthritis
Q0171:“Bamboo spine” on x-ray: Classic Finding(s):
Ankylosing spondylitis
Q0172:Bartter’s syndrome : Classic Finding(s):
Hyperreninemia
Q0173:Basophilic stippling of RBCs : Classic Finding(s):
Lead poisoning
Q0174:Becker’s muscular dystrophy : Classic Finding(s):
Defective dystrophin; less severe than Duchenne’s
Q0175:Bell’s palsy : Classic Finding(s):
LMN CN VII palsy
Q0176:Bence Jones proteins : Classic Finding(s):
Multiple myeloma (kappa or lambda Ig light chains in urine);
Waldenstr?m’s macroglobulinemia (IgM)
Q0177:?Berger’s disease : Classic Finding(s):
IgA nephropathy
Q0178:Bernard-Soulier disease : Classic Finding(s):
Defect in platelet adhesion
Q0179:Bilateral hilar adenopathy; uveitis : Classic Finding(s):
Sarcoidosis
Q0180:Birbeck granules on EM : Classic Finding(s):
Histiocytosis X (eosinophilic granuloma)
Q0181:Bloody tap on LP : Classic Finding(s):
Subarachnoid hemorrhage
Q0182:“Blue bloater” : Classic Finding(s):
Chronic bronchitis
Q0183:Blue-domed cysts : Classic Finding(s):
Fibrocystic change of the breast
Q0184:Blue sclera : Classic Finding(s):
Osteogenesis imperfecta
Q0185:Boot-shaped heart on x-ray: Classic Finding(s):
Tetralogy of Fallot; RVH
Q0186:Bouchard’s nodes : Classic Finding(s):
Osteoarthritis (PIP swelling 2° to osteophytes)
Q0187:Boutonnière deformity : Classic Finding(s):
Rheumatoid arthritis
Q0188:Branching rods in oral infection: Classic Finding(s):
Actinomyces israelii
Q0189:“Brown tumor” of bone : Classic Finding(s):
Hemorrhage causes brown color of osteolytic cysts: 1.
Hyperparathyroidism 2. Osteitis fibrosa cystica (von
Recklinghausen’s disease)
Q0190:Brushfield’s spots : Classic Finding(s):
Down syndrome
Q0191:Bruton’s disease : Classic Finding(s):
X-linked agammaglobulinemia
Q0192:Budd-Chiari syndrome : Classic Finding(s):
Posthepatic venous thrombosis
Q0193:Buerger’s disease : Classic Finding(s):
Small/medium-artery vasculitis
Q0194:Burkitt’s lymphoma : Classic Finding(s):
8:14 translocation; associated with EBV
Q0195:Burton’s lines : Classic Finding(s):
Lead poisoning
Q0196:C-ANCA; P-ANCA : Classic Finding(s):
Wegener’s granulomatosis; polyarteritis nodosa
Q0197:Café-au-lait spots on skin : Classic Finding(s):
Neurofibromatosis
Q0198:Caisson disease : Classic Finding(s):
Gas emboli
Q0199:Calf pseudohypertrophy : Classic Finding(s):
Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy
Q0200:Call-Exner bodies : Classic Finding(s):
Granulosa-theca cell tumor of the ovary
Q0201:Cardiomegaly with apical atrophy : Classic Finding(s):
Chagas’ disease
Q0202:Cerebriform nuclei : Classic Finding(s):
Mycosis fungoides (cutaneous T-cell lymphoma)
Q0203:Chagas’ disease : Classic Finding(s):
Trypanosome infection
Q0204:Chancre : Classic Finding(s):
1° syphilis (not painful)
Q0205:Chancroid : Classic Finding(s):
Haemophilus ducreyi (painful)
Q0206:Charcot’s triad : Classic Finding(s):
Multiple sclerosis (nystagmus; intention tremor; scanning
speech); cholangitis (jaundice; RUQ pain; fever)
Q0207:Charcot-Leyden crystals : Classic Finding(s):
Bronchial asthma (eosinophil membranes)
Q0208:Chédiak-Higashi disease : Classic Finding(s):
Phagocyte deficiency
Q0209:?Cherry-red spot on macula : Classic Finding(s):
Tay-Sachs; Niemann-Pick disease; central retinal artery
occlusion
Q0210:Cheyne-Stokes respirations : Classic Finding(s):
Central apnea in CHF and ↑ intracranial pressure
Q0211:“Chocolate cysts” : Classic Finding(s):
Endometriosis (frequently involves both ovaries)
Q0212:Chronic atrophic gastritis : Classic Finding(s):
Predisposition to gastric carcinoma
Q0213:Chvostek’s sign : Classic Finding(s):
Hypocalcemia (facial muscle spasm upon tapping)
Q0214:Clear cell adenocarcinoma of the vagina : Classic
Finding(s):
DES exposure in utero
Q0215:Clue cells : Classic Finding(s):
Gardnerella vaginitis
Q0216:Codman’s triangle on x-ray : Classic Finding(s):
Osteosarcoma
Q0217:Cold agglutinins : Classic Finding(s):
Mycoplasma pneumoniae; infectious mononucleosis
Q0218:Cold intolerance : Classic Finding(s):
Hypothyroidism
Q0219:Condylomata lata : Classic Finding(s):
2° syphilis
Q0220:Continuous machinery murmur: Classic Finding(s):
Patent ductus arteriosus
Q0221:Cori’s disease : Classic Finding(s):
Debranching enzyme deficiency
Q0222:Cotton-wool spots : Classic Finding(s):
Chronic hypertension
Q0223:Cough; conjunctivitis; coryza + fever : Classic
Finding(s):
Measles
Q0224:Councilman bodies : Classic Finding(s):
Toxic or viral hepatitis
Q0225:Cowdry type A bodies : Classic Finding(s):
Herpesvirus
Q0226:Crescents in Bowman’s capsule : Classic Finding(s):
Rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis
Q0227:Crigler-Najjar syndrome : Classic Finding(s):
Congenital unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia
Q0228:Curling’s ulcer : Classic Finding(s):
Acute gastric ulcer associated with severe burns
Q0229:Currant-jelly sputum : Classic Finding(s):
Klebsiella
Q0230:Curschmann’s spirals : Classic Finding(s):
Bronchial asthma (whorled mucous plugs)
Q0231:Cushing’s ulcer : Classic Finding(s):
Acute gastric ulcer associated with CNS injury
Q0232:D-dimers : Classic Finding(s):
DIC
Q0233:Depigmentation of neurons in substantia nigra :
Classic Finding(s):
Parkinson’s disease (basal ganglia disorder––rigidity; resting
tremor; bradykinesia)
Q0234:Dermatitis; dementia; diarrhea : Classic Finding(s):
Pellagra (niacin; vitamin B3 deficiency)
Q0235:Diabetes insipidus + exophthalmos + lesions of the
skull : Classic Finding(s):
Hand-Schüller-Christian disease
Q0236:Dog or cat bite : Classic Finding(s):
Pasteurella multocida
Q0237:Donovan bodies : Classic Finding(s):
Granuloma inguinale
Q0238:Dressler’s syndrome : Classic Finding(s):
Post-MI fibrinous pericarditis
Q0239:?Dubin-Johnson syndrome : Classic Finding(s):
Congenital conjugated hyperbilirubinemia (black liver)
Q0240:Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy : Classic Finding(s):
Deleted dystrophin gene (X-linked recessive)
Q0241:Eburnation : Classic Finding(s):
Osteoarthritis (polished; ivory-like appearance of bone)
Q0242:Edwards’ syndrome : Classic Finding(s):
Trisomy 18 associated with rocker-bottom feet; low-set ears;
heart disease
Q0243:Eisenmenger’s complex : Classic Finding(s):
Late cyanosis shunt (uncorrected L → R shunt becomes R →
L shunt)
Q0244:Elastic skin : Classic Finding(s):
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
Q0245:Erb-Duchenne palsy : Classic Finding(s):
Superior trunk brachial plexus injury (“waiter’s tip”)
Q0246:Erythema chronicum migrans : Classic Finding(s):
Lyme disease
Q0247:Fanconi’s syndrome : Classic Finding(s)
Proximal tubular reabsorption defect
Q0248:“Fat; female; forty; and fertile” : Classic Finding(s)
Acute cholecystitis
Q0249:Fatty liver : Classic Finding(s)
Alcoholism
Q0250:Ferruginous bodies : Classic Finding(s)
Asbestosis
Q0251:Gardner’s syndrome : Classic Finding(s)
Colon polyps with osteomas and soft tissue tumors
Q0252:Gaucher’s disease : Classic Finding(s)
Glucocerebrosidase deficiency
Q0253:Ghon focus : Classic Finding(s)
1° TB
Q0254:Gilbert’s syndrome : Classic Finding(s)
Benign congenital unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia
Q0255:Glanzmann’s thrombasthenia : Classic Finding(s)
Defect in platelet aggregation
Q0256:Goodpasture’s syndrome : Classic Finding(s)
Autoantibodies against alveolar and glomerular basement
membrane proteins
Q0257:Gowers’ maneuver : Classic Finding(s)
Duchenne’s (use of patient’s arms to help legs pick self off
the floor)
Q0258:Guillain-Barré syndrome : Classic Finding(s)
Idiopathic polyneuritis
Q0259:“Hair-on-end” appearance on x-ray : Classic
Finding(s)
β-thalassemia; sickle cell anemia (extramedullary
hematopoiesis)
Q0260:Hand-Schüller-Christian disease : Classic Finding(s)
Chronic progressive histiocytosis
Q0261:HbF : Classic Finding(s)
Thalassemia major
Q0262:HbS : Classic Finding(s)
Sickle cell anemia
Q0263:hCG elevated : Classic Finding(s)
Choriocarcinoma; hydatidiform mole (occurs with and
without embryo)
Q0264:Heberden’s nodes : Classic Finding(s)
Osteoarthritis (DIP swelling 2° to osteophytes)
Q0265:Heinz bodies : Classic Finding(s)
G6PD deficiency
Q0266:Henoch-Sch?nlein purpura : Classic Finding(s)
Hypersensitivity vasculitis associated with hemorrhagic
urticaria and URIs
Q0267:Heterophil antibodies : Classic Finding(s)
Infectious mononucleosis (EBV)
Q0268:High-output cardiac failure (dilated cardiomyopathy) :
Classic Finding(s)
Wet beriberi (thiamine; vitamin B1 deficiency)
Q0269:HLA-B27 : Classic Finding(s)
Reiter’s syndrome; ankylosing spondylitis
Q0270:HLA-DR3 or -DR4 : Classic Finding(s)
Diabetes mellitus type 1 (caused by autoimmune destruction
of β cells)
Q0271:Homer Wright rosettes : Classic Finding(s)
Neuroblastoma
Q0272:Honeycomb lung on x-ray : Classic Finding(s)
Interstitial fibrosis
Q0273:?Horner’s syndrome : Classic Finding(s)
Ptosis; miosis; and anhidrosis
Q0274:Howell-Jolly bodies : Classic Finding(s)
Splenectomy (or nonfunctional spleen)
Q0275:Huntington’s disease : Classic Finding(s)
Caudate degeneration (autosomal dominant)
Q0276:Hyperphagia + hypersexuality + hyperorality +
hyperdocility : Classic Finding(s)
Klüver-Bucy syndrome (amygdala)
Q0277:Hyperpigmentation of skin : Classic Finding(s)
1° adrenal insufficiency (Addison’s disease)
Q0278:Hypersegmented neutrophils : Classic Finding(s)
Macrocytic anemia
Q0279:Hypertension + hypokalemia : Classic Finding(s)
Conn’s syndrome
Q0280:Hypochromic microcytosis : Classic Finding(s)
Iron deficiency anemia; lead poisoning
Q0281:Increased α-fetoprotein in amniotic fluid/maternal
serum : Classic Finding(s)
Anencephaly; spina bifida (neural tube defects)
Q0282:Increased uric acid levels: Classic Finding(s)
Gout; Lesch-Nyhan syndrome; myeloproliferative disorders;
loop and thiazide diuretics
Q0283:Intussusception : Classic Finding(s)
Adenovirus (causes hyperplasia of Peyer’s patches)
Q0284:Janeway lesions : Classic Finding(s)
Endocarditis
Q0285:Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction : Classic Finding(s)
Syphilis—overaggressive treatment of an asymptomatic
patient that causes symptoms due to rapid lysis
Q0286:Job’s syndrome : Classic Finding(s)
Neutrophil chemotaxis abnormality
Q0287:Kaposi’s sarcoma : Classic Finding(s)
AIDS in MSM (men who have sex with men)
Q0288:Kartagener’s syndrome : Classic Finding(s)
Dynein defect
Q0289:Kayser-Fleischer rings : Classic Finding(s)
Wilson’s disease
Q0290:Keratin pearls : Classic Finding(s)
Squamous cell carcinoma
Q0291:Kimmelstiel-Wilson nodules : Classic Finding(s)
Diabetic nephropathy
Q0292:Klüver-Bucy syndrome : Classic Finding(s)
Bilateral amygdala lesions
Q0293:Koilocytes : Classic Finding(s)
HPV
Q0294:Koplik spots : Classic Finding(s)
Measles
Q0295:Krukenberg tumor : Classic Finding(s)
Gastric adenocarcinoma with ovarian metastases
Q0296:Kussmaul hyperpnea : Classic Finding(s)
Diabetic ketoacidosis
Q0297:Lens dislocation + aortic dissection + joint
hyperflexibility: Classic Finding(s)
Marfan’s syndrome (fibrillin deficit)
Q0298:Lesch-Nyhan syndrome : Classic Finding(s)
HGPRT deficiency
Q0299:Lewy bodies : Classic Finding(s)
Parkinson’s disease
Q0300:Libman-Sacks disease : Classic Finding(s)
Endocarditis associated with SLE
Q0301:Lines of Zahn : Classic Finding(s)
Arterial thrombus
Q0302:Lisch nodules : Classic Finding(s)
Neurofibromatosis (von Recklinghausen’s disease)
Q0303:?Low serum ceruloplasmin : Classic Finding(s)
Wilson’s disease
Q0304:Lucid interval : Classic Finding(s)
Epidural hematoma
Q0305:“Lumpy-bumpy” appearance of glomeruli on
immunofluorescence : Classic Finding(s)
Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis
Q0306:Lytic bone lesions on x-ray : Classic Finding(s)
Multiple myeloma
Q0307:Mallory bodies : Classic Finding(s)
Alcoholic liver disease
Q0308:Mallory-Weiss syndrome : Classic Finding(s)
Esophagogastric lacerations
Q0309:McArdle’s disease : Classic Finding(s)
Muscle phosphorylase deficiency
Q0310:McBurney’s sign : Classic Finding(s)
Appendicitis
Q0311:MLF syndrome (INO) : Classic Finding(s)
Multiple sclerosis
Q0312:Monoclonal antibody spike : Classic Finding(s)
Multiple myeloma (called the M protein; usually IgG or IgA);
MGUS (monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined
significance); Waldenstr?m’s (M protein = IgM)
macroglobulinemia
Q0313:Myxedema : Classic Finding(s)
Hypothyroidism
Q0314:Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing
glomerulonephritis : Classic Finding(s)
Wegener’s and Goodpasture’s (hemoptysis and glomerular
disease)
Q0315:Needle-shaped; negatively birefringent crystals :
Classic Finding(s)
Gout
Q0316:Negri bodies : Classic Finding(s)
Rabies
Q0317:Nephritis + cataracts + hearing loss : Classic
Finding(s)
Alport’s syndrome
Q0318:Neurofibrillary tangles : Classic Finding(s)
Alzheimer’s disease
Q0319:Niemann-Pick disease : Classic Finding(s)
Sphingomyelinase deficiency
Q0320:No lactation postpartum : Classic Finding(s)
Sheehan’s syndrome (pituitary infarction)
Q0321:Nutmeg liver : Classic Finding(s)
CHF
Q0322:Occupational exposure to asbestos : Classic Finding(s)
Malignant mesothelioma
Q0323:“Orphan Annie” nuclei : Classic Finding(s)
Papillary carcinoma of the thyroid
Q0324:Osler’s nodes : Classic Finding(s)
Endocarditis
Q0325:Owl’s eye : Classic Finding(s)
CMV
Q0326:Painless jaundice : Classic Finding(s)
Pancreatic cancer (head)
Q0327:Palpable purpura on legs and buttocks : Classic
Finding(s)
Henoch-Sch?nlein purpura
Q0328:Pancoast’s tumor : Classic Finding(s)
Bronchogenic apical tumor associated with Horner’s
syndrome
Q0329:Pannus : Classic Finding(s)
Rheumatoid arthritis
Q0330:Parkinson’s disease : Classic Finding(s)
Nigrostriatal dopamine depletion
Q0331:Periosteal elevation on x-ray : Classic Finding(s)
Pyogenic osteomyelitis
Q0332:Peutz-Jeghers syndrome : Classic Finding(s)
Benign polyposis
Q0333:Peyronie’s disease : Classic Finding(s)
Penile fibrosis
Q0334:?Philadelphia chromosome (bcr-abl ) : Classic
Finding(s)
CML (may sometimes be associated with AML)
Q0335:Pick bodies : Classic Finding(s)
Pick’s disease
Q0336:Pick’s disease : Classic Finding(s)
Progressive dementia; similar to Alzheimer’s
Q0337:“Pink puffer” : Classic Finding(s)
Emphysema (centroacinar [smoking]; panacinar [α1-
antitrypsin deficiency])
Q0338:Plummer-Vinson syndrome : Classic Finding(s)
Esophageal webs with iron deficiency anemia
Q0339:Podagra : Classic Finding(s)
Gout (MP joint of hallux)
Q0340:Podocyte fusion : Classic Finding(s)
Minimal change disease
Q0341:Polyneuropathy; cardiac pathology; and edema :
Classic Finding(s)
Dry beriberi (thiamine; vitamin B1 deficiency)
Q0342:Polyneuropathy preceded by GI or respiratory
infection : Classic Finding(s)
Guillain-Barré syndrome
Q0343:Pompe’s disease : Classic Finding(s)
Lysosomal glucosidase deficiency associated with
cardiomegaly
Q0344:Port-wine stain : Classic Finding(s)
Hemangioma
Q0345:Positive anterior “drawer sign” : Classic Finding(s)
Anterior cruciate ligament injury
Q0346:Pott’s disease : Classic Finding(s)
Vertebral tuberculosis
Q0347:Pseudopalisade tumor cell arrangement : Classic
Finding(s)
Glioblastoma multiforme
Q0348:Pseudorosettes : Classic Finding(s)
Ewing’s sarcoma
Q0349:Ptosis; miosis; anhidrosis : Classic Finding(s)
Horner’s syndrome (Pancoast’s tumor)
Q0350:Rash on palms and soles : Classic Finding(s)
2° syphilis; Rocky Mountain spotted fever
Q0351:Raynaud’s syndrome : Classic Finding(s)
Recurrent vasospasm in extremities
Q0352:RBC casts in urine : Classic Finding(s)
Acute glomerulonephritis
Q0353:Recurrent pulmonary Pseudomonas and S. aureus
infections : Classic Finding(s)
Cystic fibrosis
Q0354:Red urine in the morning : Classic Finding(s)
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
Q0355:Reed-Sternberg cells : Classic Finding(s)
Hodgkin’s lymphoma
Q0356:Reid index (increased) : Classic Finding(s)
Chronic bronchitis
Q0357:Reinke crystals : Classic Finding(s)
Leydig cell tumor
Q0358:Reiter’s syndrome : Classic Finding(s)
Urethritis; conjunctivitis; arthritis
Q0359:Renal cell carcinoma + cavernous hemangiomas +
adenomas : Classic Finding(s)
von Hippel–Lindau disease
Q0360:Renal epithelial casts in urine : Classic Finding(s)
Acute toxic/viral nephrosis
Q0361:Rhomboid crystals; positively birefringent : Classic
Finding(s)
Pseudogout
Q0362:?Rib notching : Classic Finding(s)
Coarctation of aorta
Q0363:Roth’s spots in retina : Classic Finding(s)
Endocarditis
Q0364:Rotor’s syndrome : Classic Finding(s)
Congenital conjugated hyperbilirubinemia
Q0365:Rouleaux formation (RBCs) : Classic Finding(s)
Multiple myeloma
Q0366:Russell bodies : Classic Finding(s)
Multiple myeloma
Q0367:S3 : Classic Finding(s)
Left-to-right shunt (VSD; PDA; ASD); mitral regurgitation;
LV failure (CHF)
Q0368:S4 : Classic Finding(s)
Aortic stenosis; hypertrophic subaortic stenosis
Q0369:Schiller-Duval bodies : Classic Finding(s)
Yolk sac tumor
Q0370:Senile plaques : Classic Finding(s)
Alzheimer’s disease
Q0371:Sézary syndrome : Classic Finding(s)
Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma
Q0372:Sheehan’s syndrome : Classic Finding(s)
Postpartum pituitary necrosis
Q0373:Shwartzman reaction : Classic Finding(s)
Neisseria meningitidis
Q0374:Signet-ring cells : Classic Finding(s)
Gastric carcinoma
Q0375:Simian crease : Classic Finding(s)
Down syndrome
Q0376:Sipple’s syndrome : Classic Finding(s)
MEN type IIa
Q0377:Sj?gren’s syndrome : Classic Finding(s)
Dry eyes; dry mouth; arthritis
Q0378:Skip lesions : Classic Finding(s)
Crohn’s
Q0379:Slapped cheeks : Classic Finding(s)
Erythema infectiosum (fifth disease)
Q0380:Smith antigen : Classic Finding(s)
SLE
Q0381:“Smudge cell” : Classic Finding(s)
CLL
Q0382:Soap bubble on x-ray : Classic Finding(s)
Giant cell tumor of bone
Q0383:Spike and dome on EM: Classic Finding(s)
Membranous glomerulonephritis
Q0384:Spitz nevus : Classic Finding(s)
Benign juvenile melanoma
Q0385:Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails : Classic Finding(s)
Endocarditis
Q0386:Starry-sky pattern : Classic Finding(s)
Burkitt’s lymphoma
Q0387:“Strawberry tongue” : Classic Finding(s)
Scarlet fever
Q0388:Streaky ovaries : Classic Finding(s)
Turner’s syndrome
Q0389:String sign on x-ray : Classic Finding(s)
Crohn’s disease
Q0390:Subepithelial humps on EM : Classic Finding(s)
Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis
Q0391:Suboccipital lymphadenopathy : Classic Finding(s)
Rubella
Q0392:Sulfur granules : Classic Finding(s)
Actinomyces israelii
Q0393:Swollen gums; bruising; poor wound healing; anemia :
Classic Finding(s)
Scurvy (ascorbic acid; vitamin C deficiency)—vitamin C is
necessary for hydroxylation of proline and lysine in collagen
synthesis
Q0394:Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo) :
Classic Finding(s)
Aortic valve stenosis
Q0395:?t(8;14) : Classic Finding(s) : Classic Finding(s)
Burkitt’s lymphoma (c-myc activation)
Q0396:t(9;22) : Classic Finding(s) : Classic Finding(s)
Philadelphia chromosome; CML (bcr-abl hybrid)
Q0397:t(14;18) : Classic Finding(s)
Follicular lymphomas (bcl-2 activation)
Q0398:Tabes dorsalis : Classic Finding(s)
3° syphilis
Q0399:Tendon xanthomas (classically Achilles) : Classic
Finding(s)
Familial hypercholesterolemia
Q0400:Thumb sign on lateral x-ray : Classic Finding(s)
Epiglottitis (Haemophilus influenzae)
Q0401:Thyroidization of kidney : Classic Finding(s)
Chronic bacterial pyelonephritis
Q0402:Tophi : Classic Finding(s)
Gout
Q0403:“Tram-track” appearance on LM : Classic Finding(s)
Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
Q0404:Trousseau’s sign : Classic Finding(s)
Visceral cancer; pancreatic adenocarcinoma (migratory
thrombophlebitis); hypocalcemia (carpal spasm)
Q0405:Virchow’s node : Classic Finding(s)
Left supraclavicular node enlargement from metastatic
carcinoma of the stomach
Q0406:Virchow’s triad : Classic Finding(s)
Pulmonary embolism (triad = blood stasis; endothelial
damage; hypercoagulation)
Q0407:von Recklinghausen’s disease: Classic Finding(s)
Neurofibromatosis with café-au-lait spots
Q0408:von Recklinghausen’s disease of bone : Classic
Finding(s)
Osteitis fibrosa cystica (“brown tumor”)
Q0409:Wallenberg’s syndrome : Classic Finding(s)
Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery thrombosis
Q0410:Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome : Classic
Finding(s)
Adrenal hemorrhage associated with meningococcemia
Q0411:Waxy casts : Classic Finding(s)
Chronic end-stage renal disease
Q0412:WBC casts in urine : Classic Finding(s)
Acute pyelonephritis
Q0413:WBCs in urine : Classic Finding(s)
Acute cystitis
Q0414:Wermer’s syndrome : Classic Finding(s)
MEN type I
Q0415:Whipple’s disease : Classic Finding(s)
Malabsorption syndrome caused by Tropheryma whippelii
Q0416:Wilson’s disease : Classic Finding(s)
Hepatolenticular degeneration
Q0417:“Wire loop” appearance on LM : Classic Finding(s)
Lupus nephropathy
Q0418:“Worst headache of my life” : Classic Finding(s)
Berry aneurysm—associated with adult polycystic kidney
disease
Q0419:Xanthochromia (CSF) : Classic Finding(s)
Subarachnoid hemorrhage
Q0420:Xerostomia + arthritis + keratoconjunctivitis sicca:
Classic Finding(s)
Sj?gren’s syndrome
Q0421:Zenker’s diverticulum : Classic Finding(s)
Upper GI diverticulum
Q0422:Zollinger-Ellison syndrome : Classic Finding(s)
Gastrin-secreting tumor associated with ulcers
Q0423:Addison’s : most common cause
Autoimmune (2nd – infection)
Q0424:AMI - children : most common cause
Kawasaki disease
Q0425:Aneurysm : most common cause
Abdominal aorta
Q0426:Aneurysm of Circle of Willis : most common cause
Anterior communicating a; bitemporal hemianopsia
Q0427:AV fistula : most common cause
Penetrating knife wound.
Q0428:Blindness : most common cause/finding
Diabetic retinopathy
Q0429:Blindness - preventable : most common cause/finding
Chlamydia
Q0430:Breast Mass : most common cause/finding
Fibrocystic Change Carcinoma is the most common is post-
menopausal women
Q0431:Bug in Acute Endocarditis : most common
cause/finding
Staph aureus
Q0432:Bug in Bacterial Arthritis in young Adults : most
common cause/finding
Neisseria ghonorrhea
Q0433:Bug in Bacterial Meningitis – elderly: most common
cause/finding
Strep pneumoniae
Q0434:Bug in Bacterial Meningitis – newborns : most
common cause/finding
E. coli
Q0435:Bug in Bacterial Meningitis – toddlers : most common
cause/finding
Hib
Q0436:Bug in Bacterial Meningitis – young adults : most
common cause/finding
Neisseria meningitidis
Q0437:Bug in debilitated; hospitalized pneumonia pt : most
common cause/finding
Klebsiella
Q0438:Bug in Epiglottitis : most common cause/finding
Hib
Q0439:Bug in food poisoning : most common cause/finding
Staph aureus
Q0440:Bug in GI Tract : most common cause/finding
Bacteroides 2. E. coli
Q0441:Bug in IV drug user bacteremia / pneumonia : most
common cause/finding
Staph aureus
Q0442:Bug in opportunistic infection of AIDS: most common
cause/finding
CMV Pneumocystis carinii is most common overall
Q0443:Bug in PID : most common cause/finding
N. Gonnorrhoeae or Chlamydia
Q0444:Bug in Pneumonia - Community - typical : most
common cause/finding
Strep pneumoniae 2. H. influenza 3. Klebsiella
Q0445:Bug in Pneumonia - Hospital aquired: most common
cause/finding
Klebsiella 2. Psuedomonas 3. E. coli
Q0446:Bug in Pneumonia - Community - atypical : most
common cause/finding
Mycoplasma 2. Legionella
Q0447:Bug in Subacute Endocarditis : most common
cause/finding
Strep Viridans
Q0448:Cancer - Leukemia - <14 yo : most common
cause/finding
ALL
Q0449:Cancer - Leukemia - >60 yo : most common
cause/finding
CLL
Q0450:Cancer - Leukemia - 15 -39 yo : most common
cause/finding
AML
Q0451:Cancer - Leukemia - 40 -60 yo : most common
cause/finding
CML
Q0452:Cancer in Gynecologic - malignancy: most common
cause/finding
Endometrial Carcinoma
Q0453:Cancer in Infancy : most common cause/finding
Hemangioma
Q0454:Cancer in Kids : most common cause/finding
Leukemia 2. Medulloblastoma of brain; cerebellum
Q0455:Cancer in Men : most common cause/finding
Prostate CA
Q0456:Cancer in Women : most common cause/finding
Leiomyoma aka fibroids
Q0457:Cancer in Women - malignant: most common
cause/finding
Breast CA
Q0458:Cancer of the Adrenal Medulla– adults : most common
cause/finding
Pheochromocytoma
Q0459:Cancer of the Adrenal Medulla– kids : most common
cause/finding
Neuroblastoma
Q0460:Cancer of the Appendix Carcinoid - rare : most
common cause/finding
metastasis
Q0461:Cancer of the Bone : most common cause/finding
Metasteses from Breast & Prostate
Q0462:Cancer of the Bone - primary - adults: most common
cause/finding
Multiple Myeloma
Q0463:Cancer of the Brain– Child : most common
cause/finding
Medulloblastoma (cerebellum)
Q0464:Cancer of the Brain–Adult : most common
cause/finding
Astrocytoma (including Glioblastoma Multiforme) then:
mets; meningioma; Schwannoma
Q0465:Cancer of the Breast : most common cause/finding
Infiltrating ductal adenocarcinoma
Q0466:Cancer of the Connective Tissue -benign : most
common cause/finding
Lipoma
Q0467:Cancer of the Esophagus : most common cause/finding
Leiomyoma
Q0468:Cancer of the Esophagus : most common cause/finding
SCCA
Q0469:Cancer of the Esophagus - malignant: most common
cause/finding
SCC (60%) > adenocarcinoma (40%)
Q0470:Cancer of the Heart - adults : most common
cause/finding
Metasteses
Q0471:Cancer of the Heart - Primary– adults : most common
cause/finding
Myxoma “Ball Valve”
Q0472:Cancer of the Heart - Primary– kids : most common
cause/finding
Rhabdomyoma
Q0473:Cancer of the Liver : most common cause/finding
Metastasis; lung > GI
Q0474:Cancer of the Liver - benign : most common
cause/finding
Cavernous hemangioma
Q0475:Cancer of the liver - Primary : most common
cause/finding
Hepatocellular CA
Q0476:Cancer of the liver - Primary; benign: most common
cause/finding
Cavernous Hemangioma
Q0477:Cancer of the Mouth : most common cause/finding
SCC or Mucoepidermoid CA
Q0478:Cancer of the Mouth - upper lip : most common
cause/finding
Basal Cell CA
Q0479:Cancer of the Nasal cavities : most common
cause/finding
SCC
Q0480:Cancer of the Ovary - benign : most common
cause/finding
Serous cystadenoma
Q0481:Cancer of the Ovary - malignant : most common
cause/finding
Serous cystadenocarcinoma
Q0482:Cancer of the Pancreas : most common cause/finding
Adeno (usually in the head)
Q0483:Cancer of the Pituitary : most common cause/finding
Prolactinoma (2nd – Somatotropic “Acidophilic” Adenoma)
Q0484:Cancer of the Placenta - benign : most common
cause/finding
Cavernous hemangioma
Q0485:Cancer of the Salivery Glands : most common
cause/finding
Pleimorphic Adenoma
Q0486:Cancer of the Skin : most common cause/finding
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Q0487:Cancer of the Small Bowel Carcinoid - frequent : most
common cause/finding
metastasis from ileum
Q0488:Cancer of the Spleen - benign : most common
cause/finding
Cavernous hemangioma
Q0489:Cancer of the Stomach : most common cause/finding
Gastric Adenocarcinoma; intestinal type or diffuse type
Q0490:Cancer of the Testicles : most common cause/finding
Seminoma
Q0491:Cancer of the Thyroid : most common cause/finding
Papillary Carcinoma
Q0492:Cancer that invades the Female GU tract : most
common cause/finding
Endometrial Adenocarcinoma
Q0493:Cancer; malignant lymphoma in kids: most common
cause/finding
Burkitt's lymphoma
Q0494:Cancer; Site of metastasis : most common
cause/finding
Regional Lymph Nodes
Q0495:Cancer; Site of metastasis (2nd most common) : most
common cause/finding
Liver
Q0496:Cancer;Genetic Alteration : most common
cause/finding
p53
Q0497:Cardiomyopathy : most common cause/finding
Dilated (Congestive) Cardiomyopathy
Q0498:Carpal bone dislocation : most common cause/finding
Lunate
Q0499:Carpal bone fx : most common cause/finding
Scaphoid
Q0500:Chromosomal disorder : most common cause/finding
Down’s
Q0501:Cirrhosis : most common cause/finding
Alcohol
Q0502:Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia : most common
cause/finding
21-Hydroxylase Deficiency then; 11-
Q0503:Congenital cardiac anomaly: most common
cause/finding
VSD membranous > muscular
Q0504:Congenital early cyanosis : most common
cause/finding
Tetralogy of Fallot
Q0505:Congenital GI anomaly : most common cause/finding
Meckel's diverticulum
Q0506:Coronary Artery thrombosis : most common
cause/finding
LAD
Q0507:Cushings : most common cause/finding
Exogenous Steroid Therapy (then; primary ACTH; Adrenal
Adenoma; Ectopic ACTH)
Q0508:Death in Alzheimer pts : most common cause/finding
Pneumonia
Q0509:Death in Diabetics : most common cause/finding
MI
Q0510:Death in HTN : most common cause/finding: most
common cause/finding
AMI 2. lenticulostriate stroke 3. renal failure (benign
nephrosclerosis)
Q0511:Death in SLE pts.
Lupus Nephropathy Type IV (Diffuse Proliferative)
Q0512:Death in USA : most common cause/finding
Ischemic Heart Disease
Q0513:Dementia : most common cause/finding
Alzheimer’s 2. Multi-Infarct Dementia
Q0514:Demyelinating Disease Multiple Sclerosis : most
common cause/finding
Multiple Sclerosis
Q0515:Diarrhea - children : most common cause/finding
Rotavirus
Q0516:Dietary Deficiency : most common cause/finding
Iron
Q0517:Disk herniation : most common cause/finding
L4-L5
Q0518:End-stage Renal Disease : most common cause/finding
Diabetes
Q0519:Enzyme deficiency : most common cause/finding
21 hydroxylase - 95% of CAH
Q0520:Fatal genetic defect in Caucasians: most common
cause/finding
Cystic Fibrosis
Q0521:Form of Amyloidosis : most common cause/finding
Immunologic Bence Jones protein in multiple myeloma is also
called the Amyloid Light Chain
Q0522:Form of Tularemia : most common cause/finding
Ulceroglandular
Q0523:GI obstruction : most common cause/finding
Adhesions 2. Indirect inguinal hernia
Q0524:Glomerulonephritis : most common cause/finding
IgA nephropathy aka Berger's
Q0525:Heart Murmur : most common cause/finding
Mitral Valve Prolapse
Q0526:Heart Valve in bacterial endocarditis : most common
cause/finding
Mitral
Q0527:Heart Valve in bacterial endocarditis IV drug users :
most common cause/finding
Tricuspid
Q0528:Heart Valve involved in Rheumatic Fever : most
common cause/finding
Mitral > Aortic
Q0529:Hereditary Bleeding Disorder Von Willebrand’s
Disease : most common cause/finding
Von Willebrand’s Disease
Q0530:Hernia : most common cause/finding
Indirect
Q0531:Hypercalcemia : most common cause/finding
hyperparathyroidism
Q0532:Hyperparathyroidism - Primary : most common
cause/finding
Adenomas (followed by: hyperplasia; then carcinoma)
Q0533:Hyperparathyroidism - Secondary : most common
cause/finding
Hypocalcemia of Chronic Renal Failure
Q0534:Hypertension : most common cause/finding
Essentail (95%) 2. Renal disease
Q0535:Hypertension - children : most common cause/finding
Renal disease; cystic disease; Wilm's tumor
Q0536:Hypertension - young women : most common
cause/finding
Oral contraceptives
Q0537:Hyperthyroidism : most common cause/finding
Graves' Disease
Q0538:Hypopituitarism - adults : most common cause/finding
Nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma
Q0539:Hypopituitarism - kids : most common cause/finding
Craniopharyngioma
Q0540:Hypothyroidism : most common cause/finding
Hashimoto's thyroiditis
Q0541:Intussusception : most common cause/finding
terminal ileum into cecum
Q0542:Liver Disease : most common cause/finding
Alcoholic Liver Disease
Q0543:Liver infection : most common cause/finding
Viral Hepatitis - HVA
Q0544:Location of Adult brain tumors : most common
cause/finding
Above Tentorium
Q0545:Location of Childhood brain tumors : most common
cause/finding
Below Tentorium
Q0546:Lysosomal Storage Disease : most common
cause/finding
Gaucher’s
Q0547:Mental retardation : most common cause/finding
Down’s or Fragile X ; Fetal alcohol syndrome
Q0548:Motor Neuron Disease : most common cause/finding
ALS
Q0549:Myocarditis : most common cause/finding
Coxsackie B virus
Q0550:Nephrotic Syndrome - adults : most common
cause/finding
Membranous Glomerulonephritis
Q0551:Nephrotic Syndrome - kids : most common
cause/finding
Minimal Change Disease
Q0552:Opportunistic infection in AIDS : most common
cause/finding
PCP
Q0553:Peripheral Neuropathy : most common cause/finding
Diabetes
Q0554:Portal Hypertension : most common cause/finding
Cirrhosis
Q0555:Protozoal Diarrhea : most common cause/finding
Giardia
Q0556:Pulmonary HTN : most common cause/finding
COPD
Q0557:Renal Failure : most common cause/finding
Acute tubular necrosis
Q0558:Right Heart Failure : most common cause/finding
Left heart failure
Q0559:Secondary Hypertension : most common cause/finding
Renal disease
Q0560:Sexually transmitted disease : most common
cause/finding
Chlamydia
Q0561:SIADH : most common cause/finding
Small Cell Carcinoma of the Lung
Q0562:Single Gene Disorder : most common cause/finding
Thalassemia
Q0563:Site of Diverticula : most common cause/finding
Sigmoid Colon
Q0564:Sites of atherosclerosis : most common cause/finding
Abdominal aorta > coronary > popliteal > carotid
Q0565:Surgical Emergency : most common cause/finding
Acute Appendicitis
Q0566:Thyroid disease : most common cause/finding
Goiter
Q0567:Tracheoesophageal Fistula : most common
cause/finding
Lower esophagus : trachea / Upper esophagus : blind pouch
Q0568:Type of Hodkin’s : most common cause/finding
Mixed Cellularity versus: lymphocytic predominance;
lymphocytic depletion; nodular sclerosis
Q0569:Type of Non-Hodgkin’s : most common cause/finding
Follicular; small cleaved
Q0570:Vasculitis (of medium & small arteries) : most
common cause/finding
Temporal Arteritis
Q0571:Viral Encephalitis : most common cause/finding
HSV
Q0572:What cancer is associated w/ atrophic gastritis +
Pernicious Anemia + Post-Qx gastric remnants?
Gastric AdenoCA
Q0573:Tuberous Sclerosis Assoc?
Astrocytoma ;Cardiac Rhadomyoma
Q0574:Actinic Keratosis?
SCC
Q0575:Barret's Esophagus?
Esophageal AdenoCA
Q0576:Plummer-Vinson Sx? (Iron Def.)
Squamous Cell CA of Esophagus
Q0577:Cirrhosis? Alcoholic or Hep B;C?
Hepatocellular CA
Q0578:Ulcerative Colitis?
AdenoCA Colon
Q0579:Paget's Dz?
Osteosarcoma;Fibrosarcoma
Q0580:AIDS? Assoc?
Non-Hodgkin's ;Kaposi Sarcoma
Q0581:Autoimmune Dz Hashimoto's Dz?;Myasthemia
Gravis?
Thymoma
Q0582:Acanthosis Nigricans?
Gastric AdenoCA;Viscero Malignancy
Q0583:Dysplastic Nevus?
Malignant Melanoma
Q0584:c-MYC
Burkitt's Lymphoma
Q0585:bcl-2?
CML;lymphoma
Q0586:erb-2
Breast CA;Ovarian CA;Gastric CA;;BOG
Q0587:Rb
Retinoblastoma;Osteosarcoma;;RO (RetO)
Q0588:BRCA
breast ;colon;ovaries;;BOCA
Q0589:p53
Li-fraumeli;Ataxia Telagiectasia
Q0590:PSA?
Prostatic CA
Q0591:CEA?
Colon;Rectal;PancrEAtic;BrEAst
Q0592:Alpha-Feto Protien AFP?
Vitelline Yolk Sac Tumor;Hepatocellular CA
Q0593:b-HCG
Hydatidiform Mole;ChorioCA;Gestational Trophoblastic
Tumor
Q0594:CA-125
Ovarian
Q0595:S-100?
Melanoma;APUD tumors
Q0596:Alkaline Phosphatase?
Osteosarcoma;Paget;Obstructive Biliary Dz;Bone Tumors
Q0597:HTLV-1?
T-cell Hairy Cell Leukemia;Adult T-cell Leukemia
Q0598:Hep B and C?
Hepatocellular CA
Q0599:EBV?
Burkitt's;Follicular Lymphoma;*** Nasopharygeal CA
Q0600:HPV?
Cervical NIC
Q0601:HHPV8?
Kaposi Sarcoma
Q0602:Angiosarcoma of the liver?
Vinyl Chloride;Arsenic;Thorotrast;;VAT
Q0603:Aflatoxins?
Hepatocellular CA
Q0604:Nitrosamines?
Esophagus;Stomach
Q0605:Abestos?
Bronchogenic CA;Mesothelioma
Q0606:Arsenic?
Squamous Cell CA
Q0607:CCl4? Carbon Tetrachlrodie;Cleaning Industry
Centrilobular Necrosis;Hepatic