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MTECHEE24

II Semester M.Tech IN ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


Examination, Oct / Nov - 2012

COMPUTER AIDED ANALYSIS OF E.P.S


Time: 3 Hours

Max. Marks: 80

Instructions: Answer 8 out of 10 questions from Part A, and answer any 4 out of 6 Questions from Part B.
PART A

1.

(5x8=40)

Explain the classification of transmission lines.


Transmission lines are classified as short, medium and long. When the length of the line is less than about 80Km the
effect of shunt capacitance and conductance is neglected and the line is designated as a short transmission line. For
these lines the operating voltage is less than 20KV.
For medium transmission lines the length of the line is in between 80km - 240km and the operating line voltage wil
be in between 21KV-100KV.In this case the shunt capacitance can be assumed to be lumped at the middle of the
line or half of the shunt capacitance may be considered to be lumped each end of the line.The two representations
of medium length lines are termed as nominal-T and nominal- respectively.
Lines more than 240Km long and line voltage above 100KV require calculations in terms of distributed
parameters.Such lines are known as long transmission lines.This classification on the basis of length is more or less
arbitrary and the real criterion is the degree of accuracy required.

2.

Brief the losses in transmission line on open circuit.

3.

The energy losses that happen in case of transmission lines are shown below:
1. Conductor Heating
2. Dielectric heating
3. Radiation Losses

4.

It is observed that the radiation loss in parallel wire lines is much more than that of the coaxial cables.

5.

Conductor heating: The heating rate of a conductor is directly proportional to the square of the current. It is
inversely proportional to the characteristic impedance (Zo). Conductor heating will also increase with the increase in
frequency.

Radiation Loss: The transmission lines act as antennas when the separation distance between the conductors is very
small as compared to their wavelength. Then the conductor starts radiating energy. As we will increase the frequency the
radiation loss will also increase.
6.

Dielectric heating: It directly depends upon the voltage flowing across the dielectric. Similar to conductor
heating, it is also inversely proportional to the characteristic impedance of the line. In this case the loss also increases
with the increase in frequency. If we use air as the dielectric medium then the loss will be almost zero.

7.

What are the uses of receiving end power circle?

8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

Explain three winding transformer.


Explain power flow in a transmission system.
Explain sub transient and transient.
With equation and phase diagram explain positive, negative and zero sequence components

of unbalanced phasors.
13.
Explain short circuit fault for line to line fault.
14.
Explain single line to ground fault.
15.
Explain real and reactive power angle relation.
PART B

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

(4x10=40)

Explain transmission line for nominal method.


Explain receiving end power circle diagram using ABCD constants.
Explain star delta transformation.
Explain gauss iterative method for Y bus.
Explain sequence impedance of synchronous machines.
Explain short circuit fault for double line to ground fault .