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Este material pretende guiar a los alumnos de la Universidad

Tecnolgica de Honduras hacia una visin amplia de la historia


de Honduras en sus distintos perodos, adems de propiciar el
enriquecimiento de la cultura general de nuestros
estudiantes, ubicar cada hecho histrico en el perodo en que
aconteci y determinar su influencia en la actualidad.
En esta gua didctica de apoyo se plantean actividades que
el alumno puede desarrollar mientras est cursando la
asignatura de Historia de Honduras.

1) Conocer objetivamente los hechos ms relevantes de


nuestra historia.
2) Analizar con espritu crtico el proceso histrico de
Honduras, vinculando la historia y los intereses nacionales
3) Despertar en nuestros estudiantes el deseo de proponer y
participar activamente en el proceso de transformacin del
pas.

1
Gua didctica de apoyo
Universidad Tecnolgica de Honduras

Mster Ada Mara Fnez

Definicin de Historia de
Honduras
La Honduras Pre-colombina fue poblada por una mezcla compleja de pueblos indgenas
representando una amplia variedad de orgenes culturales y lingsticos. Entre estos
grupos se destacan los mayas, los cuales estaban relacionados con los mayas de
Yucatn y Guatemala

Fines de la Historia de
Honduras
1. _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
__
2. _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
__
3. _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
__

Ciencias auxiliares de la Historia


de Honduras
(Indicar como auxilian a la Historia de Honduras)
I.
II.

___ _____________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

III.

_
_________________________________________________________________________

IV.

_
_________________________________________________________________________

V.

_
_________________________________________________________________________
_

2
Gua didctica de apoyo
Universidad Tecnolgica de Honduras

Mster Ada Mara Fnez

VI.

_________________________________________________________________________

VII.

_
_________________________________________________________________________

VIII.

_
_________________________________________________________________________

IX.

_
_________________________________________________________________________

X.

_
_________________________________________________________________________
_

3
Gua didctica de apoyo
Universidad Tecnolgica de Honduras

Mster Ada Mara Fnez

Cuatro pocas histricas por las que ha


pasado
Honduras
(Explicar
brevemente
cada una)
1. ______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
2. ______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
3. ______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
4. ______________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________

La comunidad
Cmo
se pobl Amrica?
primitiva
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

4
Gua didctica de apoyo
Universidad Tecnolgica de Honduras

Mster Ada Mara Fnez

Los rastros humanos ms antiguos


encontrados en Honduras

1. ______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
2. ______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
3. ______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
4. ______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

Primera Divisin Poltica de Honduras

Incluir un mapa de la primera divisin poltica de Honduras.

5
Gua didctica de apoyo
Universidad Tecnolgica de Honduras

Mster Ada Mara Fnez

Divisin Poltica de Honduras


(actual)

Departamento
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________

Cabecera
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________

Incluir un mapa de la divisin poltica actual y lmites del territorio


hondureo.

6
Gua didctica de apoyo
Universidad Tecnolgica de Honduras

Mster Ada Mara Fnez

1.
2.
3.
4.

Los limites del Territorio hondureo:


________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________

Extensin territorial de Honduras:


_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________

Acerca
del nombre de nuestro
Historia del Nombre del territorio nacional.
pas
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_
________________________________________________________________________

La civilizacin Maya
Floreci en nuestro pas hasta el ao________ de nuestra era, o sea 700
aos antes de la llegada de los espaoles.
Ubicacin de los Mayas en el territorio hondureo.
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
__
_________________________________________________________________________
_
_________________________________________________________________________
_

Significados atribuidos al
trmino Copn

_________________________________________________________________________
_
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
__
_________________________________________________________________________
_

Breve descripcin de las Ruinas


de Copn

_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
____

Incluir aqu una copia del glifo emblema de


Copn y describir brevemente en las lneas
inferiores.

________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

Hacer un breve comentario acerca de la


escritura Maya
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________

Dibujar la pirmide social de los mayas de Copn y explicar brevemente en las


lneas inferiores.

Gobernantes de Copn

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

_________________________________9._________________________________
_________________________________10.________________________________
_________________________________11.________________________________
_________________________________12.________________________________
_________________________________13.________________________________
_________________________________14.________________________________
_________________________________15.________________________________
_________________________________16.________________________________

Principales conocimientos
Mayas
Astronoma____________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

_____
Matemtica____________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

____
Escultura_______________________________________________________________
__
_________________________________________________________________________

_
Arquitectura___________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
____

Calendario Maya
Calendario
civil_____________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
Calendario
Solar____________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________

Teora ms aceptada sobre el colapso de la


Civilizacin Maya

________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

Incluir una fotografa del templo Rosalila y explicar brevemente la misma.

Templo Rosalila
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

Sitio Arqueolgico El
Puente
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

Breve descripcin de
Currust
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

Breve descripcin de sitio Arqueolgico


Los Naranjos
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

Grupos tnicos
Completar la informacin de los grupos tnicos de Honduras.(origen, ubicacin, principales caractersticas
etc.

Pech

Misquitos

Tolupanes

Tawahkas

Lencas

Chorts

La cultura Garfuna
Garfuna
significa__________________________________________________________________
Origen

de

la

cultura

Garfuna_________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
Principales

costumbres

de

la

cultura

garfuna

(comidas,

bailes,

ritos,

comunidad
etc.)_________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
Pueblos

Garfunas

en

Honduras

(indicando

poblacin

departamento)

________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

El estado esclavista
feudal
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

El Descubrimiento de Honduras
En su cuarto viaje Cristbal Colon lleg a ________________________.-Desembarc
en _____________________________.-Coln realizo tres viajes mas, en los que
explor_______________,

__________________________

y__

____________________________

Razn de los viajes de Coln


________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

Situacin econmica de Espaa antes y


durante la colonia

________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

Cul es el territorio que realmente


buscaban los europeos?

________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

Viajes de Cristbal Coln


Indicar fecha y lugar de salida y punto de llegada de cada uno.
Primer Viaje:
_____________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
Segundo Viaje:
____________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
Tercer Viaje:
_____________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
Cuarto
Viaje:______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

Importancia del descubrimiento para los


europeos

________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Consecuencias del descubrimiento para loa


americanos

___________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

Qu eran los Requerimientos?


_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
Qu doctrinas contenan los requerimientos?
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
______
Qu disposiciones emiti la corona espaola en cuanto a la posesin de
los indios como esclavos?
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
___
Qu son las Nuevas Leyes Indias?
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
__
Cmo inici la esclavitud de aborgenes en Honduras?
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_

Mencionar algunas crueldades cometidas por los conquistadores en


contra de los aborgenes.
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_____
De dnde proviene y como inicia la esclavitud de personas de raza
negra en Honduras?
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_____

Resistencia indgena en Honduras


Versin tradicional de la muerte de Lempira:
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________

Versin de la probanza de mritos:


____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

Otros caciques defendieron nuestro territorio


Cacique

Regin que

defendi
1. ____________________________________________________________________
2. ____________________________________________________________________
3. ____________________________________________________________________
4. ____________________________________________________________________
5. ____________________________________________________________________

Conquistadores que llegaron a Honduras


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________

Factores que favorecieron el triunfo de los espaoles


en la conquista
1. _________________________________________________________________________
_
2. _________________________________________________________________________
3. _________________________________________________________________________
_
4. _________________________________________________________________________
_

Caractersticas de la conquista
Aspecto
militar____________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
Aspecto
religioso__________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
Aspecto
econmico________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

Ciudades hondureas que se fundaron durante


la poca colonial
1. _________________________________________________________________________
_
2. _________________________________________________________________________
_

3. _________________________________________________________________________
_
4. _________________________________________________________________________
_
5. _________________________________________________________________________
_

Principales grupos sociales durante la


colonia (razas)
1. ______________________________________________________________________
2. ______________________________________________________________________
3. ______________________________________________________________________
4. ______________________________________________________________________
5. ______________________________________________________________________
6. ______________________________________________________________________
7. ______________________________________________________________________

El surgimiento de los
mestizos
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

Fray Bartolom de las Casas.


Su lucha contra la esclavitud.
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
____

Obras de arte colonial ms conocidas


en Honduras
1. _______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
___
2. _______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
___
3. _______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
___
4. _______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
___
5. _______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________
___

Principales sistemas econmicos


durante la colonia
La
encomienda____________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
El
repartimiento__________________________________________________________________
_
________________________________________________________________________________

Actividades econmicas durante la


colonia
La
industria_______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
El
comercio_______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

Causas que provocaron el fin de la poca colonial


en Centroamrica
1. _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
__
2. _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
__
3. _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
__

La administracin
colonial

La

Capitana

General

de

Guatemala___________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
Audiencia

de

los

Confines___________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

Consecuencias de la Conquista de
Centroamrica
Econmicas:
1. _________________________________________________________________________
_
2. _________________________________________________________________________
_
3. _________________________________________________________________________
_
Polticas y Sociales:
1. _________________________________________________________________________
_
2. _________________________________________________________________________
_
3. _________________________________________________________________________
_
Culturales:
1. _________________________________________________________________________
_
2. _________________________________________________________________________
_
3. _________________________________________________________________________
_

Causas que motivaron la independencia de


Centroamrica
Causas externas:
1. _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
__
2. _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
__
Causas Internas:

1. _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
__
2. _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
__
3. _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
__

Acontecimientos ocurridos el 15 de Septiembre de 1821:


____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________

El estado terrateniente
semifeudal

Luchadores por la libertad absoluta de


Centroamrica

Jos Cecilio del Valle


________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

Pedro Molina
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

Jos Matas Delgado


________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

La Federacin Centroamericana:
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________

Morazn, Lder de Centroamrica.


________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

Principales aspectos de la Revolucin


Morazanista

________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
El asesinato de Morazn:
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________

Frases Clebres de Francisco Morazn.


________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

Jos Trinidad Cabaas


________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

Ancdota Relacionada con la Barba de Jos Trinidad Cabaas.

(Pequea historia)
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

Jos Santos

Guardila

________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
Muerte de Jos Santos Guardila:
____________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

Jos trinidad

Reyes

________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

Juan
Nepomuceno
Fernndez Lindo y Zelaya
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

William Walker y el origen del trmino


Catrachos
(Pequea historia)
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

Principales Aspectos de la pugna Anglo


- Americana
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

Escribir, en orden cronolgico, los siguientes acontecimientos:


Numerarlos del 1 al 8.- Empezando por el ms antiguo.
1. __________________Anexin de Centroamrica a Mxico.
2. __________________Descubrimiento de Amrica.
3. __________________Ruptura de la Federacin Centroamericana
4. __________________Primera

declaracin

de

independencia

de

Centroamrica.
5. __________________Se conforma la Federacin Centroamericana.
6. __________________Fin de la colonizacin en Honduras.
7. __________________Llegada del primer conquistador.
8. __________________Declaracin

de

la

independencia

definitiva

de

Centroamrica.
9. __________________Honduras se constituye en una nacin independiente.