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Example, Definition, and Classification Essay: Interpersonal Communication and

Barriers of Communication

As people exchange ideas, a lot of barriers may affect their communication
process such as ineffective listening skills, inconsistent verbal or nonverbal messages,
and resistance to change, individual bias, time limitations, distractions, personal
assumptions as well as differences in race, culture, age, and religion. Aside from these,
gender differences in communication styles appear to be one of the most common










misunderstandings can lead to ineffective communication between parties expressing

their ideas and feelings in a relationship. While differences in communication styles
commonly exist, these should not affect the process of effective communication.

Communication may be defined as the transmission of meaning and information
from one person to another ( and , 1998). While the transmission itself may appear to

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be a simple task, the interpretation of the message being relayed through

communication poses a challenge, particularly on the establishment of human relations.
In general, communication becomes effective when both parties involved are honest
and open to share information and have the ability to decipher the meaning of their
messages. Effective communication must always be practiced as it is significant to
individual health as well as for the creation of positive relationships. Specifically, the
ability to communicate directly affects an individuals stress levels, self-esteem and
relationship quality ( and , 1998; , 1992).

Communication process occur everyday at every given point in time. From our
homes up to our workplaces, people engaged with this inescapable process. Effective
communication is a necessity in the workplace. Researchers and practitioners have
long recognized communication skills are serious to job performance, career
advancement, and organizational success (, 1989; and , 1986; , 1987). People speak









communication. Though, communication is not always verbally done. Communication is

also present through signs, gestures, body movements, facial expressions, and codes
(e.g. the Morse code or the sign language).


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The process of communication can be done through a number of styles.

However, regardless on whether the style applied is verbal or nonverbal, the
communication process always involves a sender and a receiver. This process involves
five steps: idea struck the sender, the sender then encodes the message, the message
is carried through a channel, the receiver will have the message decoded, and a
feedback will be given by the receiver ( and , 1998). It is then important to explore and
distinguish various communication styles so as to lessen communication gap. It is not
only important to know the ways and characteristics of effective communication; it is
also relevant to understand and to gain knowledge regarding a number of
communication barriers that make it possible to hinder effective communication styles
and processes.

One of the barriers identified was focusing only on ones thoughts. Because of
this, the person may not be open to other ideas. In order to remove this barrier, one
should be accepting of the differences in ideas and be able to acknowledge the
strengths and witnesses of each idea. Another identified barrier that is almost related to
the previous one is selective hearing, wherein the person may listen to other ideas but
only to those that the person likes; meanwhile, those that the person deems are
unworthy are discarded from the memory. To avoid this, the person must force
him-/herself to regard each idea and be able to listen to the sides of everyone in order
to know how it will fare with the others as well as know the strengths and weaknesses of
each side.

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Another barrier to communication is when the person is insecure and

suspicious of others, thus leading to questioning others motives and always being
cautious of others. While the suggestions and ideas of the other person may be met, the
decision to interact with that person will already be useless as the person who has a
suspicious attitude will then refuse to accept them due to personal reasons. To remove
this barrier, one must be able to trust others and be analytical, not mistrustful. In case
one meets others that have this attitude, however, they must be able to gain the others
trust over time and be able to know how to handle these kinds of people in order for
communication to flourish between them.

Finally, another barrier to communication is being secretive. Through this,

communication will not occur and a relationship will not be built. This is one of the most
difficult barriers to overcome, and mostly has something to do with the personality of the
person. In order to overcome this, the person with the secretive attitude must learn to
divulge some information and be able to trust others. With this, more relationships will
be built and strengthened, especially with the establishment of communication between
the two or more parties.


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Chaotic amount of available facts that explains a phenomenon are made clear
through detailed analyses and interpretations guided through the use of rational
explanations. Understanding is the ultimate goal of learning. The role of communication
in making learning possible has long been acclaimed as the most efficient way of
sharing and acquiring facts and information. The relevance of being a knowledgeable
individual has likewise been appreciated and credited in evaluating a person. Hence, it
is highly important to be gain knowledge on how to manage effective communication in
order to facilitate learning and understanding.