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Ius Soli adalah suatu pengakuan negara terhadap kewarganegaraan seseorang berdasarkan tempat

seseorang dilahirkan. Jika seseorang lahir di wilayah negara yang menganut sistem asas
kewarganegaraan ius soli maka orang tersebut otomatis menjadi warga negara dari negara tempat ia
dilahirkan. Sedangkan Ius Sanguinis mengakui kewarganegaraan seseorang dari kewarganegaraan
orangtua kandungnya. Jika orangtua kandung menjadi warga negara A, maka si anak juga
mendapatkan status kewarganegaraan negara A.
Jika ada orangtua yang ingin anaknya mendapatkan dua kewarganegaraan sekaligus, maka dirinya
dan pasangannya yang berasal dari negara yang menganut azas ius sanguinis harus melahirkan anak
di negara yang menganut azas ius soli. Namun jika orangtua tidak mau anaknya mempunyai suatu
kewarganegaraan dari negara manapun maka dirinya dan pasangannya harus melahirkan anak di
negara yang menganut asas ius sanguinis dan setelah itu tidak mengklaim kewarganegaraan dari
negara asal orangtuanya yang ius sanguinis.
Negara-negara yang menganut ius soli:
1. Antigua dan Barbuda

13. Ekuador

25. Panama

2. Venezuela

14. El Salvador

26. Paraguay

3. Barbados

15. Fiji

27. Peru

4. Belize

16. Grenada

5. Bolivia

17. Guatemala

28. Saint Christopher dan


Nevis

6. Brasil

18. Guyana

7. Kamboja

19. Honduras

30. Saint Vincent dan


Grenadines

8. Kanada

20. Jamaika

31. Trinidad dan Tobago

9. Chili

21. Lesotho

32. Tuvalu

10. Kolombia

22. Meksiko

33. Amerika Serikat

11. Kosta Rika

23. Nikaragua

34. Uruguay

12. Dominika

24. Pakistan

29. Saint Lucia

Negara-negara yang menganut ius sanguinis:


1. Bulgaria

6. Estonia

11. Islandia

2. Belgia

7. Finlandia

12. India

3. Republik Ceko

8. Jerman

13. Irlandia

4. China

9. Yunani

14. Israel

5. Kroasia

10. Hongaria

15. Italia

16. Jepang

22. Rumania

28. Spanyol

17. Kiribati

23. Rusia

29. Swedia

18. Libanon

24. Rwanda

30. Turki

19. Filipina

25. Serbia

31. Ukraina

20. Polandia

26. Slowakia

21. Portugal

27. Korea Selatan

Sumber: Contoh Negara Penganut Ius Soli dan Ius Sanguinis | IXE-11 http://ixe11.blogspot.com/2012/09/contoh-negara-penganut-ius-soli-dan-ius.html#ixzz3YPyg5Eb9

Belanda Ius Sanguinis


The Kingdom Act on the Netherlands nationality
CHAPTER 2. Acquisition of Netherlands Nationality by Law Article 3
1. A child shall be a Netherlands national if the father or mother is a Netherlands national at the time
of his or her birth, or if the father or mother was a Netherlands national who died before his or her
birth.
1. Seorang anak harus menjadi kewarganegaraan Belanda jika ayah/ibunya berkewarganegaraan
Belanda disaat waktu kelahirannya, atau jika ayah atau ibunya dulu WN Belanda yang mati sebelum
kelahirannya.
2. A foundling found in the territory of the Netherlands, the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba, or on a
sea-going vessel or aircraft registered in the Netherlands, the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba shall be
deemed to be the child of a Netherlands national unless it becomes apparent within five years of the
day on which her or she was found that the child possesses a foreign nationality by birth.
3. A child shall be a Netherlands national if he or she is born to a father or mother who has his or
her principal place of residence in the Netherlands, the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba at the time of
his or her birth and who was born to a father or mother who himself or herself had his or her
principal place of residence in one of those countries at the time of his or her birth, provided that the
child has his or her principal place of residence in the Netherlands, the Netherlands Antilles or
Aruba at the time of his or her birth.

Filipina Ius Sanguinis


the Administrative Naturalization Law of 2000 (R.A. 9139)
As of 2010, with no significant changes expected, Philippine nationality law provides that a person
becomes a Philippine citizen by birth if

that person was born on or after October 15, 1986 and at least one parent was a Philippine
citizen on the birthdate

that person was born on or after January 17, 1973 and both parents were Philippine citizens
on the birthdate or the person elected Philippine citizenship pursuant to the provisions of the
1935 Constitution
Orang itu lahir setelah 17 Januari, 1973 dan kedua orangtuanya warga sipil Filipina

or the person was born on or after May 14, 1935 and the father was a Philippine citizen or, if
the father was not, the mother was a Philippine citizen and the person elected Philippine
citizenship pursuant to the provisions of the 1935 Constitution

or that person was born on or after August 29, 1916 and prior to May 14, 1935 and at least
one parent was an inhabitant and resident of the Philippine Islands and a Spanish subject on
April 11, 1899, or that person was an inhabitant and resident of the Philippine Islands and a
Spanish subject on April 11, 1899, except in certain specific cases.

China Ius Sanguinis


Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
Chinese nationality law operates mainly on the basis of jus sanguinis ("right of blood"). On 1
October 1949, most people of Chinese nationality acquired nationality of the People's Republic.[2]
According to the Nationality Law, a person can acquire a Chinese nationality if he or she meets one
of the following requirements:

Is born in China and at least one parent holding Chinese nationality.

Lahir di China dan sedikitnya satu orangtua memegang WN China

Is born outside China and at least one parent has Chinese nationality, so long as the Chinesenational parent(s) have not settled in a foreign country.

Is born in China and both parents are settled in China with statelessness or uncertain
nationality.

The term "settled" is usually taken to mean that the Chinese national parent has permanent
residency in another country. A person born outside China, including those with parent(s) holding
Chinese nationality, does not have Chinese nationality if a foreign nationality is acquired at birth, if
a Chinese national parent has settled abroad.
In China, children born of Chinese-foreign marriages are considered to be Chinese nationals by the
government of the People's Republic of China, which can cause complications if a foreign passport
is subsequently used to exit China.

Prancis Asas Ius Soli

The 1993 Mhaignerie Law


Children born in France (including overseas territories) to at least one parent who is also born in
France automatically acquire French citizenship at birth (double jus soli).
A child born in France to foreign parents may acquire French citizenship:
Seorang anak lahir di Prancis untuk orangtua asing dapat mendapatkan WN Prancis

at birth, if stateless.

at 18, if resident in France with at least 5 years' residence since age 11.

between 16 and 18 upon request by the child and if resident in France with at least 5 years'
residence since age 11.

between 13 and 16 upon request by the child's parents and if resident in France continuously
since age 8.

if born in France of parents born before independence in a colony/territory in the past under
French sovereignty.

at birth, if born in France before January 1, 1994.

at age 18, if born in France on or after January 1, 1994.

A child who was born abroad and who has only one French parent can repudiate his French
nationality during the six months prior to his or her reaching the age of majority, or in the year
which follows it (article 19-4 of the Civil Code).

Brazil Ius Soli


Article 12 1 C of the Brazilian Federal Constitution.
Article 12. The following are Brazilians:
I.

by birth:

a.

those born in the Federative Republic of Brazil, even if of foreign parents, provided that
they are not at the service of their country;

b.

those born abroad, of a Brazilian father or a Brazilian mother, provided that either of them
is at the service of the Federative Republic of Brazil:

c.

those born abroad, of a Brazilian father or a Brazilian mother, provided that they come to
reside in the Federative Republic of Brazil and opt for the Brazilian nationality at any time;
Mereka yang lahir diluar negeri, dari ayah Brazil atau ibu Brazil, asalkan mereka datang ke
Federative Republic of Brazil dan memilih untuk menjadi WN brazil kapanpun

II.

naturalized:

a.

those who, as set forth by law, acquire Brazilian nationality, it being the only requirement
for persons originating from Portuguese-speaking countries the residence for one
uninterrupted year and good moral repute;

b.

foreigners of any nationality, resident in the Federative Republic of Brazil for over fifteen
uninterrupted years and without criminal conviction, provided that they apply for the
Brazilian nationality.

America Ius Soli


(52) Ibid., page 71
THE UNITED STATES(52)
From its earliest days, the United States followed the British rule of jus soli, supplemented by jus
sanguinis where the father was American.
Daridulu, Amerika mengikuti peraturan Inggris yaitu Ius Soli, ditambah dari Ius Sanguinis dimana
ketika ayahnya dulu orang Amerika.
Following the American civil war, the United States adopted the 14th Amendment to the
Constitution: "All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction
thereof, are citizens of the United states and the state wherein they reside." The amendment served
to assure the primacy of federal citizenship and to secure the citizenship status of the newly-freed
slaves.