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Testing ATP-EMTP in Power System Protection

Ante MaruSif, nonmember

Juraj Havelka, nonmember

Marko Delimar, member, IEEE

University of Zagreb, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing


Department of Power Systems, Zagreb, Croatia

Abstract - The paper presents an evaluation of the ATPEMTP in power system protection. Simulation model of an
actual power plant and substation were created and short
circuits were simulated. The analysis of results is given and
compared with actual results of the real measurements.
Keywords: Power system,
modeling

ATP-EMTP,

protection,

The most important point is that the analysis of results for


simulation model has been made in the way that they were
compared with primarily obtained results of the same
measurements, i.e. the actual testing on parts of the
described system performed in 1997. The model also
includes the active network simulated on the basis of
information about the power on bus-bars of the power
plant.

I. INTRODUCTION

It is not always possible to perform a primary analysis of


power system protection relays that provides enough
information about power system behavior during transient
states. Hence the need to simulate transient states during
disturbances in power system performance with an
objective to define the reaction of relay when fault occurs.
There is also a need to simulate single states in the network
during designing stages in order to remove the faults and to
supply a new segment of the power system with
appropriate equipment. Taking the importance of power
system and its proper bctioning into account, together
with other issues mentioned above, it is necessary to have a
precise simulation model. To precisely simulate the system,
a great amount of accurate information is needed about
each single component. Furthermore, the model should
include all components of the real system, for instance
models of current and voltage transformers, model of
generator excitation, etc.
11. DESCRIPTION OF THE SIMULATION MODEL

A simulation model for short circuit calculation has been


elaborated on the basis of ATP-EMTP simulation program.
The data on power line connecting the Zagreb power plant
and Mraclin substation, the data for unit transformer
generator (15OMVA) in Zagreb power plant, and for 110
kV bus-bars also in Zagreb power plant, were included in
the model [l]. All these are elements of the Croatian
electric power system (HEP). Fig. 1 provides a one-pole
schematic presentation of the model.
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Active
Network

Based on the analysis it may be concluded that the


relative difference between the simulated values and those
obtained by measurements significantly smaller with
regard to alternate components of currents and voltages
than with regard to direct components and time constants.
Hence it may be concluded that the simulation model
adequately reflects the real conditions occurring during
short circuit and it may therefore be considered as a model
of high reliability. Following the analysis of results
obtained by simulation model and their comparison with
actual measurement results (true test), it has been
concluded that the simulation model convincingly
represents the system conditions and can therefore be
considered as a model of high reliability.
The greatest advantage of the model is that such a method
of fault analysis in a power system is inexpensive and
relatively simple, and at the same time it covers most of the
cases occurring in a real system.
IV. BIOGRAPHIES

Ante MaruPiC is the assistant professor at the Faculty of


Electrical Engineering and Computing - University of Zagreb. He
received his bachelors degree in 1976, masters in 1986, and
doctoral in 1994; he became assistant professor in 1995. His area
of expertise includes modelling and simulation, power system
protection and power plant local control. He is member of the

IASTED, Croatian Committee CIGRE and Croatian


Society for Computer Simulation Modelling CROSSIM.
Juraj Havelka is a research assistant at the Department of Power

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111. CONCLUSION

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BUS 1

Systems and a post-graduate student of Power Engineering at the


Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing - University of
Zagreb. He graduated electrical engineering in 1997 at the
Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing - University of
Zagreb.

Marko Delimar (M 1995) is a research assistant at the


Department of Power Systems and a post-graduate student of
Power Engineering at the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and
Computing - University of Zagreb. He graduated electrical
engineering in 1996 and post-graduate study in management in
1997 both from University of Zagreb.

FIGUREI: Simulation model

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