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PAPER 3 / SET 2

SECTION A
1.

## A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the

difference height, h, of a U-tube manometer and the temperature, , of a fix mass of
air.
The arrangement of the apparatus is shown in Diagram 1.1.
Seorang murid menjalankan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji hubungan antara
perbezaan tinggi tiub-U manometer, h, dan suhu, , udara berjisim tetap.
Thermometer
Termometer

Diagram 1.1
Rajah 1.1
The beaker is heated until the temperature , , reaches 40 oC. The actual reading of
the difference height, h, of the manometer is shown in Diagram 1.2
The experiment is repeated with the temperature, = 50 oC, 60 oC , 70 oC and 80 oC
.The corresponding actual reading of the difference height, h, of the manometer is
shown in Diagram 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 and 1.6.
Biker dipanaskan sehingga suhu , , mencapai 40 oC . Bacaan sebenar perbezaan
tinggi manometer , h, ditunjukkan dalam rajah 1.2.
Eksperimen diulangi dengan suhu, = 50 oC, 60 oC , 70 oC and 80 oC
Bacaan sebenar perbezaan tinggi manometer, h, yang sepadan ditunjukkan dalam
Rajah 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 dan 1.6.

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h1

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PAPER 3 / SET 2

PAPER 3 / SET 2

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

## The manipulated variable.

Pembolehubah dimanipulasikan.
..
[ 1 mark ]
The responding variable.
Pembolehubah bergerak balas.

[ 1 mark ]
The fix variable.
Pembolehubah dimalarkan.

[ 1 mark ]

(b) Based on Diagrams 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 and 1.6, determine the differences in height,
h, of the manometer. Write your answers in the spaces provided in the
corresponding diagrams.
Berdasarkan rajah 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 dan 1.6, kenal pasti perbezaan tinggi
manometer, h. Tulis jawapan anda dalam ruang yang disediakan dalam rajahrajah yang sepadan.
[ 5 marks ]
(c) Tabulate your results for all values of and h in the space below.
Jadualkan keputusan anda bagi semua nilai dan h dalam ruang di bawah.

[ 2 marks ]
(d) On the graph paper, plot a graph h against .
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PAPER 3 / SET 2

## Pada kertas graf, lukis graf h melawan .

[ 5 marks ]
(e) Based on the your graph in 1(d), state the relationship between and h.
Berdasarkan graf anda di 1(d), nyatakan hubungan antara dan h.

[ 1 mark ]

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PAPER 3 / SET 2

2.

PAPER 3 / SET 2

## A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the

distance between two coherence sources of sound waves, a, and the distance
between two consecutive loud positions, x. The distance between the loudspeakers
and the location where the sound detected, D, is 4.0 m.
Seorang murid menalankan eksperimen untuk mengkaji hubungan antara jarak
antara dua sumber gelombang bunyi koheren, a, dan jarak antara dua unyi kuat, x.
Jarak antara pembesar suara dan kedudukan di mana bunyi dikesan, D, ialah 4.0 m.
The results of the experiment are shown in a graph of x against
Keputusan eksperimen di tunjukkan dalam graf x melawan

5.
0
4.
0
3.
0
2.
0
1.
0

Graph x against

x
(m
)

(a)
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0.
4

0. 1. 1. 2.
8 Diagram
2
6 2.1 0
Rajah 2.1

2.
4

1
a

(m
-1
)

1
in diagram 2.1.
a

1
dalam Rajah 2.1.
a

PAPER 3 / SET 2

(i)

## State the relationship between x and

Nyatakan hubungan antara x dan

1
.
a

1
.
a

[ 1 mark
]
(ii)

1
= 2.5 cm.
a

## Show on the graph how you determined x.

Tentukan nilai x apabila

1
= 2.5 cm.
a

x = .. m
[ 3 marks ]
(iii)

## Calculate the gradient, m, of the graph.

Show on the graph how you determined m.
Hitung kecerunan, m, bagi graf itu.
Tunjukkan pada graf itu bagaimana anda menentukan m.

m = .
[ 3 marks ]

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(b)

PAPER 3 / SET 2

## The gradient, m, of the graph is given by the formula m = D. In the

experiment, D = 4.0 m. Calculate the value of .
Kecerunan, m, bagi graf itu diberi oleh formula
eksperimen iini nilai D ialah 4.0 m. Kira nilai .

m = D. Dalam

=
[ 2 marks ]
( c)

The student repeat the experiment using another value of the distance
between two consecutive loud positions, x. = 10 m.
D
Using the formula x =
and the value of in 2(b), calculate the
a

value
of x.
Murid itu mengulangi eksperimen itu menggunakan nilai x = 10 m.
D
Menggunakan formula x =
dan nilai dalam 2(b), hitung nilai x.
a

x =
[ 2 marks ]
(d)

State one precaution that should be taken to improve the result of this
experiment.
Nyatakan satu langkah berjaga-jaga
memperbaiki keputusan eksperimen ini.

yang

perlu

diambil

untuk

.
[ 1 mark ]

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PAPER 3 / SET 2

SECTION B
3.

Diagram 3.1 shows two identical electric kettle, R and S, containing different
amounts of water. When the kettles are swithed on simultaneously, the water in
kettle R takes less time to boil compare to the water in kettle S
Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan dua cerek elektrik yang serupa, R dan S, mengandungi
amaun air yang berbeza. Bila cerek itu dihidupkan serentak, air di dalam cerek R
mendidih lebih cepat berbanding air di dalam cerek S.

Water
Air

## Based on the information and observation:

Berdasarkan maklumat dan pemerhatian tersebut:
(a)

## State one suitable inference.

Nyatakan satu inferens yang sesuai.

[1 marks]

(b)

## State one suitable hypothesis.

Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang sesuai.

[1 marks]

(c)

## With the use of apparatus such as immersion heater, beaker , measuring

cylinder and other necessary apparatus, describe one experiment to
investigate the hypothesis stated in 3(b).
Dengan menggunakan radas seperti pemanas rendam, biker, silider
penyukat dan lain-lain radas yang sesuai, terangkan satu eksperimen
untuk menyiasat hipotesis yang dinyatakan di 3(b).

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10

PAPER 3 / SET 2

## In your description, state clearly the following:

Dalam penerangan anda, nyatakan dengan jelas perkara berikut:
(i)

## The aim of the experiment.

Tujuan eksperimen.

(ii)

## The variables in the experiment.

Pembolehubah dalam eksperimen.

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

## The procedure of the experiment which should include one method

of controlling the manipulated variable and one method of
measuring the responding variable.
Prosedur eksperimen yang mesti termasuk satu kaedah mengawal
pembolehubah dimanipulasikan dan satu kaedah mengukur
pembolehubah bergerak balas.

(vi)

(vii)

## The way you analyse the data.

Cara anda menganalisis data.
[10 marks]

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4.

11

PAPER 3 / SET 2

A hawker set up a stall in a night market. He set up two identical lamps on his
stall with both connected to a 12V car battery, as shown in Diagram 4.1.
A shorter length of wire connects to the one of the lamp and another longer length
of wire connects to another lamps. He observes that the light given out by the
lamp situated nearer to the battery is brighter than the other.
Seorang penjaja menyiapkan sebuah gerai di pasar malam. Dia memasang dua
lampu yang serupa pada gerainya menggunakan sebuah bateri kereta 12 V,
sebagaimana dalam Rajah 4.1.
Salah satu lampu disambung menggunakan wayar pendek manakala lampu yang
satu lagi menggunakan wayar yang lebih panjang. Penjaja itu mendapati
cahaya yang yang dihasilkan oleh lampu yang dekat lebih cerah daripada lampu
yang lebih jauh.

Bate
ry
Bate
ri

Lam
pu
Lam
p

Diagram 4.1
Rajah 4.1
Based on the information and observation:
Berdasarkan maklumat dan pemerhatian tersebut:
(a)

## State one suitable inference.

Nyatakan satu inferens yang sesuai.

[1 marks]

(b)

## State one suitable hypothesis.

Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang sesuai.

[1 marks]

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((c)

12

PAPER 3 / SET 2

With the use of apparatus such as dry cell, constantan wires, rheostat
and other necessary apparatus, describe one experiment to investigate
the hypothesis stated in 3(b).
Dengan menggunakan radas seperti sel kering, dawai konstantan, reostat
dan lain-lain radas yang sesuai, terangkan satu eksperimen untuk
menyiasat hipotesis yang dinyatakan di 3(b).
In your description, state clearly the following:
Dalam penerangan anda, nyatakan dengan jelas perkara berikut:
(i)

## The aim of the experiment.

Tujuan eksperimen.

(ii)

## The variables in the experiment.

Pembolehubah dalam eksperimen.

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

## The procedure of the experiment which should include one method

of controlling the manipulated variable and one method of
measuring the responding variable.
Prosedur eksperimen yang mesti termasuk satu kaedah mengawal
pembolehubah dimanipulasikan dan satu kaedah mengukur
pembolehubah bergerak balas.

(vi)

(vii)

## The way you analyse the data.

Cara anda menganalisis data.
[10 marks]
[10
markah]

END OF QUESTION
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13

PAPER 3 / SET 2

SKEMA
SECTION A
Marks

1 (a) (i)
(ii)
(iii)
(b)

Temperature /
Difference height / h
Mass of air / Volume of air
h1 = 6.0 cm, h2 = 6.6 cm, h3 =7.2 cm, h4 = 7.8 cm, h5 = 8.4 cm

(c)

Temperature / / oC
40
50
60
70
80

Difference height / h / cm
6.0
6.6
7.2
7.8
8.4

1
1
1
5

(d)
Ticks
7
6-5
4-3
(e)

Marks
5
4
3

Ticks
2
1

Marks
2
1

h is increasing linearly to

TOTAL

16

h/
cm
9.
0

8.
0

x
x

7.
0

x
x

6.
0
5.
0
4.
0
3.
0
2.
0
1.
0

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1
0

2
0

3
0

4
0

5
0

6
0

7
0

8
0

/ oC

(a) (i)

14

PAPER 3 / SET 2

1
a

x is directly propotional to

(ii)

Draw an extrapolation
Draw horizontal line
x = 6.0 m
(iii) Draw triangle ( 8 cm X 8 cm )
substuition m =

6 .0
2 .5
2

1
1
1
1
1
1
1

(b)
=

m
2.4
=
D
4.0

= 0.6 m
(c)
x=

a
0.6( 4.0 )
=
10

= 0.24 m
(d)

## Repeat the experiment and take the average

Total

1
1
1
12

SECTION B
3 a

Inference
The time taken for water to boil is depends on volume ( mass )
b
Hypothesis
The larger the volume ( mass ) of water, the longer is the time required
for water to boil
c i Aim of experiment
To investigate the relationship between the volume ( mass ) of water
and the time required for the water to boil.
ii Variables:
Manipulated : Volume/ mass of water
Responding: Time required to boil the water
Fix : The power rating of the immersion heater.
iii Apparatus and materials:
Stopwatch, measuring cylinder.
* needed to measure the manipulated and responding variable.
Arrangement of the apparatus:
iv * with label.

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1
1
1

1
1
1

Thermometer

Immersio
n heater

15

PAPER 3 / SET 2

Measuring
cylinder
Stopwatch

Procedure of experiment:
100 cm3 of water is measured using cylinder and pour into a beaker.
A thermometer and an immersion heater are placed into the water in the
beaker.
The heater is then switched on and at the same time the stopwatch is
started .
The water is heated until its the temperature reached 100 oC and the
time is recorded according to the stopwatch reading.
The experiment is repeated using different volume of water of 200 cm3,
300 cm3, 400 cm3, 500 cm3.

1
1

Tabulation of data:
Volume of water, v ( cm3 )
100
200
300
400
500

Analysis of data
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## Time for water to boil, t ( s )

16

PAPER 3 / SET 2

- The graph time for water to boil against volume of water is drawn.

t(s)

v ( cm3 )
TOTAL MARKS
4

(a)
(b)
(c)

(i)
(ii)

12

Inference:
The resistance of the constantan wire is affected by / depends on
the length of the wire.
Hypothesis:
The resistance of the conductor increases when the length of the
wire increases.
Aim of experiment:
To investigate the relationship between the resistance of
conductor and its length.
Variables:
Manipulated : Length of constantan wire//
Responding : Resistance of constantan wire // R

1
1
1

## Fixed : Temperature of the conductor / The cross-sectional area

of the conductor / Type of conductor / size of conductor
(iii) Apparatus and materials:
Meter rule, Ammeter and Voltmeter
Mark is given for this three item is noted down.

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17

PAPER 3 / SET 2

Switch

Dry cell

Voltmeter
Rheosta
t

V
Y

Constantan wire

(v)

(vi)

## Procedure of the experiment:

The length of 20 cm constantan wire is held across the point X
and Y
The circuit is switched on and the rheostat is adjusted and the
reading of an Ammeter and Voltmeter is recorded.
The experiment is repeated using the length of constantan wire of
30 cm, 40 cm, 50 cm and 60 cm.

1
1
1

Tabulation of data:
Length / cm
20
30
40
50
60

Current / A

Voltage / V

Resistance /

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Ammeter

18

PAPER 3 / SET 2

## - The graph of length against resistance is drawn.

Or:
Length / cm

Resistance /
TOTAL MARKS

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12

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