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2015 Bull Mock CAT - 18

DIRECTIONS for the question: Solve the following question and mark the best possible option.
Question No. : 1
Avanti and Avani start playing a game in which the one who wins gets W points and the loser gets L points (W > L > 0), ties are
not possible and all scores are integral. After some games, Avanti scored 30 and Avani 25. If Avani has won exactly two games, the
value of W, is
A)5

B)6

C)7

D)8

Explanation:-
As Avanti's + Avani's score is 55, which must be an integral multiple of W+L.
The 4 possibilities are W+L = 1, W+L = 5, W+L = 55 or W+L = 11
Possibility 1:W+L = 55; which is impossible, because Avanti and Avani played at least 2 rounds.
Possibility 2: W+L = 1, which is impossible, since W and L are positive.
Possibility 3 : W+L = 5, then (W,L) is either (4,1) or (3,2), since W > L > 0 and the number of rounds must have been 11.
But with 2 wins, Avani would have a score of either 2(4) + 9(1) = 17
Or 2(3) + 9(2) = 24, which are impossible, since Avani's score is 25.
W+L = 11, and the number of rounds was 5
Thus, (W+L) is either (10,1), (9, 2), (8,3) (7,4) or (6,5).
The only choice for which 2W + 3L = 25 is (W,L) = (8,3). Therefore, the winner of each round gets 8 points, the loser 3 points and
they played 5 rounds.

Question No. : 2
A thief has stolen a credit card and wishes to withdraw some money from ATM. Unfortunately he could not remember the fourdigit PIN number written on a paper slip, which he had seen while stealing the card. He does remember the first two digits and he
knows that each of the last two digits is greater than 5. The ATM will allow him three tries before it blocks further access. If he
randomly guesses the last two digits, then what is the probability that he will be able to withdraw money from the ATM?
A)

B)

C)

D)

Explanation:-
Randomly guessing either of the last two digits not affecting the choice of the other means that these events are mutually
exclusive. Since each of the last two digits is greater than 5, the thief has four digits to choose from: 6,7,8,9. His chance of guessing
the first digit correctly is 1/4 and that for the second digit is also 1/4. His chance of guessing both the digits correctly is

Question No. : 3
ABCDE is a pentagon with A = (0,2), B = (4,0), C = (2 + 1, 0), D = (2 + 1, 4) and E = (0, 4). Point P is selected at random from the
interior of this pentagon. What is the probability that APB is obtuse?
A)

B)

C)

D)

Explanation:-
If P is selected on a semi-circle with AB as diameter, then APB = 900. If P is selected from the interior of semi-circle with AB as
diameter, then APB will be obtuse. Now, A(ABCDE) = A(OCDE)

Question No. : 4
A truck is to be driven 300km on a highway at a constant speed of x kmph. Speed rules of the highway require that 30 x 60.
The fuel costs Rs. 10 per litre and is consumed at the rate of
most economical speed to drive the truck, in kmph, is
A)30

B)60

C)

litres / hour. The wages of the driver are Rs. 200 per hour. The

D)

Explanation:-
Given: Distance to be, covered by the truck = 300 km.
Constant speed = x kmph (where 30 x 60). Cost of fuel = Rs. 10 / litre

Wage of driver = Rs. 200 / hour


By the above information, we can frame the cost expression for the journey as Traveling time (cost of fuel + wager of the driver)

Now as cost is least at 60, so option 2.


Question No. : 5
Player A has n+1 coins, while player B has n coins (n > 3). Both players throw all of their coins simultaneously and observe the
number of heads. If all coins are fair, then what is the probability that A obtains more heads than B?
A)

B)

C)

D)

Explanation:-
Answer will be same whatever the value of n be. Let us assume player A has 3 coins and player B has 2 coins. Now, if A has all 3
heads B will have either 2 heads or 1 head or no heads, if A has 2 heads B will have either 1 head or no head and if A has 1 head
then B will have no heads.
Hence the probability that A obtains more heads than B.
= PA (all 3 heads) [PB (2 heads) + PB(1 head) + PB(no heads)]+PA (2 heads)
[PB (1 head) + PB(no heads)] + PA (1 head) [ PB (no heads)]

Similarly this can be checked for other values of A = n+1 and B = n coins, and the same result will be obtained.

Question No. : 6
The lengths of the sides of a right-angled triangle are in geometric progression. What is the ratio of the sines of its acute angles?
A)1

B)

C)

D)

Explanation:-

Question No. : 7
For an odd positive integer n, satisfying 51 n 99, the quantity n3 n is always divisible by
A)48

B)24

C)18

D)None of these

Explanation:-
n2-n = n(n2- 1) = (n 1)n (n + 1)
We can observe that the given quantity is the product of three consecutive numbers. One of these three numbers (n 1), n, or (n +
1) will be divisible by 3. Since x is an odd integer, one of (n 1) or (n + 1) will be divisible by 2 and the other by 4.
Therefore n3 n is always divisible by 2 4 3, which is 24.

Question No. : 8
For a particular day of the year, it happens that the sum of the date and square root of the month gives the square of the month.
What is the date?
A)14th September
Explanation:-

B)16th April

C)16th September

D)14th April


Hence 4th option is the answer.

Question No. : 9
A series in which any term is equal to the sum of the preceding two terms is called a Fibonacci series. Usually the first two terms
are given initially and together they determine the entire series. Now, it is known that the difference of the squares of the ninth
and the eighth terms of a Fibonacci series is 840. What is the 12th term of that series?
A)157

B)142

C)143

D)Data inadequate

Explanation:-

As there are more than 1 cases, the answer is 4th option.


Question No. : 10

A)

B)

C)

D)None of these

Explanation:-

Question No. : 11

A)Ajay and Chandu


Explanation:-

B)Balram

C)Chandu

D)Ajay

Question No. : 12

The total no. of holdings of AP & UP together is what percent more or less than the total no. of holdings of BH & RJ together?
A)14.5 % more
Explanation:-

B)17% more

C)14.5% less

D)17% less

Question No. : 13

If in 1990-91, the total no. of holdings for KR has increased by 12% from the 1980-81 and the area of holding has decreased by
15% from 1980-81, find the approx. average size of holding for KR in 1980-81 ?
A)3.11

B)1.98

Explanation:-

Question No. : 14

C)2.77

D)3.56

It has been estimated that the total no. of holdings will increase by 25% for MP in 2000-01 from 1990-91 levels. The average size
of holding for MP in 2000-01 will be what % of the average size of holding for MP in 1990-91.
A)119.67

B)127.23

C)83.56

D)Cannot be determined

Explanation:-
Since the area of operational holding in 2000-01 is not given for MP, we cannot find the answer.
Question No. : 15
Each coefficient in the equation ax2 + bx + c = 0 is determined by throwing an ordinary die. Find the probability that the equation
will have equal roots.
A)

B)

Explanation:-

Question No. : 16

C)

D)None of these

If (1 x + x2)n = a0 + a1x + a2x2+---+a2n x2n, then a0 + a2 + a4 + ----+a2n is equal to


A)

B)

C)

D)

Explanation:-
We have (1-x+x2)n = a0+a1 x+a2x2 + ............. a2nx2n
put x = 1 and -1, we get,
1 =a0 + a1 +a2 + ...........+a2n ......... (2)

And 3n = a0 - a1 + a2 - a3 + .......... + a2n ....(3)


Adding (2) and (3), we get
1+ 3n = 2(a0 + a2 + an ....... + a2n)
a0 + a2 + an + ......+ a2n = 3n + 1/ 2

Question No. : 17
The angle between hour hand and minute hand is exactly 10. The time is an integral number n of minutes after noon (0 < n <
720). Find the total possible values of n.
A)12

B)2

C)3

D)4

Explanation:-

minute hand is one degree ahead of the hour hand. We need to find the integral values of these times. For the first condition, we
get k = 7 and n = 458 and for the second condition, we get k = 4 and n = 262. Therefore we have two integral values of n below
720.
Question No. : 18
The longer side of a parallelogram is 10 cm and the shorter is 6 cm. If the longer diagonal makes an angle 30 with the longer
side, then the length of the longer diagonal is.
A)
Explanation:-

B)

C)

D)None of these

Question No. : 19
Ajit can work for three hours nonstop but then needs to rest for half an hour. His sister can work for two hours but rests for 15
minutes after that, while his brother can work for 1 hour before resting for half an hour. If a work takes 50 man hours to get
completed and they all start together, then approximately, how long will it take for the three to complete the work? Assume that all
of them are equally skilled in their work.
A)14 hours

B)17 hours

C)20 hours

D)25 hours

Explanation:-

Ajit does 3 man hours in every 3.5 hours (because he takes rest for half an hour on the 4th hour.
In 20 hours (3.5 5 + 2.5), Ajit completes 3 5 + 2.5 = 17.5 man hours.
His sister completes 2 man hours every 2.25 hours (because she rests on the 3rd hour).
In 20 hours (2.25 8 + 2) she completes 2 8 + 2 = 18 man hours.
His brother completes 1 man hour every 1.5 hour.
In 20 hours (1.5 13 + 0.5), he completes 1 13 + 0.5 = 13.5 man hours.
So the total work done = 17.5 + 18 + 13.5 = 49 man hours
Hence the work can be completed in approximately 20 hours.

Question No. : 20
India plays two matches each with West Indies and Australia. In any match the probabilities of India getting points 0, 1 and 2 are
0.45, 0.05 and 0.5 respectively. Assuming that the outcomes are independent, the probability of India getting at least 7 points is
A)0.0875

B)0.06875

C)0.0625

D)0.875

Explanation:-
A total of at least seven points can be made as follows (2,2,2,2) or (1,2,2,2) or (2,1,2,2) or (2,2,1,2) or (2,2,2,1).
Now P(2 points in all matches) = (0.5)4 and P(2 points in any three matches and 1 point in remaining match) = 4 (0.5)3 0.05.
Hence the required probability is (0.5)4 + 4 (0.5)3 0.5 = 0.08750

Question No. : 21
Worlds Most Valuable Brand
1-Yr
Value
Change
(%)

Brand
Revenue
($b)

Industry

Rank

Brand

Brand
Value
($b)

1.

Apple

104.3

22

156.5

Technology

2.

Microsoft

56.7

14

77.8

Technology

3.

Coca-Cola

54.9

23.5

Beverages

4.

IBM

50.7

104.5

Technology

5.

Google

47.3

26

43.5

Technology

6.

McDonalds

39.4

88.3

Restaurants

7.

General
Electric

34.2

132.1

Diversified

8.

Intel

30.9

-4

53.5

Technology

9.

Samsung

29.5

-5

200.0

Technology

10.

Louis
Vuitton

28.4

16

9.4

Luxury

11.

BMW

27.9

77.6

Automotive

12.

Cisco

27.0

48.6

Technology

13.

Oracle

26.9

37.2

Technology

14.

Toyota

25.6

186.6

Automotive

15.

AT&T

24.2

126.4

Telecom

Which was the second most valuable company in terms of the brand value, one year before?
A)Microsoft

B)Coca Cola

C)Apple

D)IBM

Explanation:-
Brand value of the companies one year before was
(i) Microsoft = 49.73$b
(ii) Coco Cola = 50.37$b
(iii) Apple = 85.49$b
(iv) IBM = 49.70$b
So the coca cola was second most valuable company in terms of the brand value.

Question No. : 22
Worlds Most Valuable Brand
1-Yr
Value
Change
(%)

Brand
Revenue
($b)

Industry

Rank

Brand

Brand
Value
($b)

1.

Apple

104.3

22

156.5

Technology

2.

Microsoft

56.7

14

77.8

Technology

3.

Coca-Cola

54.9

23.5

Beverages

4.

IBM

50.7

104.5

Technology

5.

Google

47.3

26

43.5

Technology

6.

McDonalds

39.4

88.3

Restaurants

7.

General
Electric

34.2

132.1

Diversified

8.

Intel

30.9

-4

53.5

Technology

9.

Samsung

29.5

-5

200.0

Technology

10.

Louis
Vuitton

28.4

16

9.4

Luxury

11.

BMW

27.9

77.6

Automotive

12.

Cisco

27.0

48.6

Technology

13.

Oracle

26.9

37.2

Technology

14.

Toyota

25.6

186.6

Automotive

15.

AT&T

24.2

126.4

Telecom

If the % age change in Brand revenue for the next year is same as the % age change in Brand value this year, then which would be
the 3rd largest company in terms of Brand Revenue next year?
A)Apple

B)Samsung

C)Toyota

D)Coca Cola

Explanation:-
Brand Revenue of Companies after one year will be
Apple =156.51.22=190.93$b
Samsung=2000.95=190$b
Toyota=186.61.03=192.2$b
Coca Cola=23.51.09=25.61$b
So the Samsung will be the third largest company in terms of the brand revenue. (If we calculate the brand revenue of other
companies then it will not exceed Samsung, Apple or Toyota as their brand revenue is already lesser than Samsung, Apple or
Toyota this year)

Question No. : 23
Worlds Most Valuable Brand
1-Yr
Value
Change
(%)

Brand
Revenue
($b)

Industry

Rank

Brand

Brand
Value
($b)

1.

Apple

104.3

22

156.5

Technology

2.

Microsoft

56.7

14

77.8

Technology

3.

Coca-Cola

54.9

23.5

Beverages

4.

IBM

50.7

104.5

Technology

5.

Google

47.3

26

43.5

Technology

6.

McDonalds

39.4

88.3

Restaurants

7.

General
Electric

34.2

132.1

Diversified

8.

Intel

30.9

-4

53.5

Technology

9.

Samsung

29.5

-5

200.0

Technology

10.

Louis
Vuitton

28.4

16

9.4

Luxury

11.

BMW

27.9

77.6

Automotive

12.

Cisco

27.0

48.6

Technology

13.

Oracle

26.9

37.2

Technology

14.

Toyota

25.6

186.6

Automotive

15.

AT&T

24.2

126.4

Telecom

The total Brand value of automotive industry is what percent of total Brand revenue of Technology Sector?
A)7.41%

B)13.48%

C)9.23%

D)14.33%

Explanation:-

Question No. : 24

A)

B)

C)

D)

Explanation:-
Factorizing numerator and denominator, we have
k3 - 1 = (k-1)(k2+k+1) and k3 + 1 = (k+1)(k2-k+1)
Note that, (k + 1)2 - (k+1)+1= k2+k+1, and so k3+1 = (k+1)[(k+1)2 - (k+1) +1]
We can now calculate Pn1 the partial product of the first n-1 terms.

As n , Pn 2/3. That is, the infinite product, P, converges to 2/3; P = P = 2/3.

Question No. : 25
Suppose the height of a pyramid with a square base is decreased by p% and the lengths of the sides of its square base increased
by p%(where p > 0). If the volume remains the same, then

A)50 < p <55

B)55 < p <60

C)60 < p <65

D)65 < p <70

Explanation:-

So option (c) is answer

Question No. : 26
In a rectangle ABCD, points X and Y are the midpoints of AD and DC, respectively. Lines BX and CD when extended intersect at E,
lines BY and AD when extended intersect at F. If the area of ABCD is 60, then the area of BEF is
A)60

B)80

C)90

D)120

Explanation:-

Question No. : 27

A)152

B)153

C)154

D)155

Explanation:-

u + v + w = 7; uv + vw + wu = 9; uvw = 1
Required value is u3 + v3 + w3 3uvw = (u + v + w) (u2 + v2 + w2 uv vw wu)
= (u + v + w) [(u + v + w)2 3(uv + vw + wu)] = 7(72 3 9) = 7[49 27] = 7(22)=154

Question No. : 28
In a triangle ABC with A = 90, P divides BC internally such that PA: PB = 3: 4. If AB = and
A)2 : 1

B)4 : 3

C)4 : 5

D)8 : 7

AC =

, then BP: PC is

Explanation:-

So, required ratio is 2:1. So, option (a) is the answer

Question No. : 29
The angle bisectors BD and CE of a triangle ABC are divided by the incentre in the ratios 3: 2 and 2: 1 respectively. Then the ratio in
which I divided the angle bisector through A is
A)3 : 1

B)11 : 4

C)6 : 5

D)7 : 4

Explanation:-

In this question majorly we shall be using angle bisector property, which states as that angle bisector divides the opposite side in
the same ratio as that of sides containing the angle.
On combining ratios we can find DC: BC: BE
DC = 4k, BC = 6k, BE = 3k
Let AE = m, AD = n
Then in ABC

So option (b) is answer.


Question No. : 30
Coffee exports from India have registered a 29 per cent rise in the first two months of the current crop year (October 2013 to
September 2014). The country exported 39,800 tonnes of coffee in October and November this year, compared to 30,859 tonnes
during the year ago period.

The rise is significant as the previous coffee year (October 2012-September 2013) have seen an overall decline of 5.24 per cent to
299,582 tonnes.

In dollar terms, Indian exporters have earned $100 million in the two months against $92.86 million in a year ago period. In rupee
terms, the exporters have earned Rs 620.53 crore against Rs 499.76 crore in the same period last year. The unit value per tonne
has dropped from Rs 1.62 lakh to Rs 1.56 lakh between October and November, a drop of 3.8 percent.

If the average exports per month remain as these two months for both the years, what will be the %age increase in annual export
from 2012-13 to 2013-14?
A)29%

B)174%

C)34%

D)22%

Explanation:-

Question No. : 31
Coffee exports from India have registered a 29 per cent rise in the first two months of the current crop year (October 2013 to
September 2014). The country exported 39,800 tonnes of coffee in October and November this year, compared to 30,859 tonnes
during the year ago period.

The rise is significant as the previous coffee year (October 2012-September 2013) have seen an overall decline of 5.24 per cent to
299,582 tonnes.

In dollar terms, Indian exporters have earned $100 million in the two months against $92.86 million in a year ago period. In rupee
terms, the exporters have earned Rs 620.53 crore against Rs 499.76 crore in the same period last year. The unit value per tonne
has dropped from Rs 1.62 lakh to Rs 1.56 lakh between October and November, a drop of 3.8 percent.

If the growth in exports from Oct 2012-Sept 2013 to Oct 2013-Sep2014 is 7%, then what is the % age change in exports from Oct
2011-Sept 2012 to Oct 2013-Sept 2014.
A)2.41%

B)3.78%

Explanation:-

Question No. : 32

C)1.39%

D)1.73%

Coffee exports from India have registered a 29 per cent rise in the first two months of the current crop year (October 2013 to
September 2014). The country exported 39,800 tonnes of coffee in October and November this year, compared to 30,859 tonnes
during the year ago period.

The rise is significant as the previous coffee year (October 2012-September 2013) have seen an overall decline of 5.24 per cent to
299,582 tonnes.

In dollar terms, Indian exporters have earned $100 million in the two months against $92.86 million in a year ago period. In rupee
terms, the exporters have earned Rs 620.53 crore against Rs 499.76 crore in the same period last year. The unit value per tonne
has dropped from Rs 1.62 lakh to Rs 1.56 lakh between October and November, a drop of 3.8 percent.

What is the approximate value of exports during the period Oct 2012- Sept 2013?
A)4853 crore

B)4673 crore

C)4763 crore

D)cannot be determined

Explanation:-
Since the unit value for the whole year is not given, we cannot find the total value of exports.

Question No. : 33
If the roots of the equation xn 1 = 0 are 1, a1, a2, a3___an-1, then the value of (1 a1) (1 a2) (1 a3) (1 an) will be
A)n

B)n2

C)

D)0

Explanation:-
Here 1, a1, a2 ...... an-1 are roots of xn-1 = 0 xn -1 = (x-1) (x-a1) (x-a2) ..... (x - an-1)

Question No. : 34
The sum of the series 1 + 2x + 3x2 + 4x3 + ----up to , when x lies between 0 and 1 is
A)

B)

C)

D)

Explanation:-
Let s = 1 + 2x + 3x2 + 4x3 = ------- ......(1)
x S = x + 2x2 + 3x3 + 4x4 ------- .......(2)

Subtracting (2) from (1) we get (1-x) S = 1 + x + x2 + x3 + -----


(1 -x) S = 1/1-x S = 1/(1-x)2

Question No. : 35
If two geometric progressions have sum of their first n terms in the ratio 4(2n-1) : 3n-1, and n>3 then the common ratio of the
two progressions will be in the ratio
A)2 : 3

B)4 : 3

Explanation:-

C)2 : 9

D)Cannot be determined

Question No. : 36
A boat moves at a speed of 12 kmph in still water. It has to travel a distance of 60 km from P to Q, downstream. By the time the
boat reached a point R, at 1/3rd distance from P, the speed of the current suddenly doubled. As a result, the boat reached half an
hour earlier than it would normally. Which of the following could be the original speed of the stream?

I. 4 kmph II. 6 kmph III. 18 kmph


A)I and II only

B)II and III only

C)I and III only

D)I, II and III

Explanation:-
Speed of boat in still water =12 kmph, the Speed of current = x kmph and the distance between P & Q be = 60 km.
Let R be the point at 1/3rd of distance of PQ = 1/3 60 = 20. Hence RQ = 60 20 = 40.
Given that [40 / (12 + x)] - [40 / (12 + 2x)] = 1/ 2
Taking LCM: 40 [(12 + 2x 12 x) / (12+x) (12+2x)] =
80 (x) = 144 + 36x + 2x2
Taking 2 common from both sides we get:
x2 - 22x + 72 = 0 (x - 18 )( x - 4 ) = 0
Hence the speed of stream can be 18 or 4. So I and III are correct Hence option 3 is the answer
Question No. : 37
If two points are selected at random on a straight line of length 60m, then the probability that the distance between them does not
exceed 20 m is
A)

B)

C)

D)

Explanation:-
Let P & Q be the two points taken on a straight line, say MN

Let MP = x and MQ = y.
Then 0 < x, y < 60

It is asked to find P{|x - y| < 20}.


Now, |x - y| < 20
x - y < 20 or - (x - y) < 20 i.e. x y < 20 or x - y > -20
The shaded region in the figure is the required region
P(|x - y| < 20)
= [Ar. (OBDF) - Ar. (ABC) - Ar. (FGE)]/Ar. (OBDF)

Question No. : 38
In a school that has 1000 students, 99% of the students play at least one game, 49% play at least two games 24% play at least
three games, 14% play at least four games and only 4% play all the 5 games. There are five games played at the school. What is
the sum of number of students who play exactly three games and who play exactly four games?
A)50

B)100

C)150

D)200

Explanation:-
The number of students who play exactly three games = students who play at least three games-students who play at least four
games = 24% - 14% =10%.
The Number of students who play exactly four games = students who play at least four games - students who play all the five
games = 14% - 4% = 10%.
The total number of students who play exactly three games and exactly four games = (10% + 10%) of 1000 = 20% of 1000 =
200.

Question No. : 39

Note: Assume imports to US from LCCs are only in the given sectors.
For example, in the above figure, the total US consumption in computer, Hardware and Electronics is $180 billion of which 40% is
imported from LCCs. Also note that imports is the point at the top of the circle
India, an LCC, accounted for 20% of the total LCC exports to the US. What was the value of India's total exports to the US? (in
billion $)
A)110.7

B)748.0

C)146.2

D)193.6

Explanation:-
Total LCC exports to US =10% of 400 + 15% of 1300 + 20% of 1600 + 40% of (180 + 260) = 40 + 195 + 320 + 176 = $.731
billion India's share = 20% of 731 = $146.2 billion
Question No. : 40

Note: Assume imports to US from LCCs are only in the given sectors.
For example, in the above figure, the total US consumption in computer, Hardware and Electronics is $180 billion of which 40% is
imported from LCCs. Also note that imports is the point at the top of the circle
If Iron accounted for 65% of the US consumption in the capital intensive sector, while aluminum contributed 20% of the rest, what
was the value of the aluminum consumption in the US?
A)$260 billion

B)$130 billion

C)$91 billion

D)None of the above

Explanation:-

Question No. : 41

Note: Assume imports to US from LCCs are only in the given sectors.
For example, in the above figure, the total US consumption in computer, Hardware and Electronics is $180 billion of which 40% is

imported from LCCs. Also note that imports is the point at the top of the circle
US accounted for what percent of the total exports made by the LCCs?
A)17%

B)85%

C)75%

D)Cannot be determined

Explanation:-
Cannot be determined as the total exports of LCC is not known.
Question No. : 42
A piece of work can be done by 11 men and 16 boys in 2 days. The same work can be done by 5 men 11 boys in 4 days. In how
many days can 1 man and 4 boys complete the same work?
A)16.4

B)20.5

C)8.2

D)41

Explanation:-
As(11 men + 16 boys) take 2 days (22 men + 32 boys) take 1 day (1)
Also, as (5 men + 11 boys) take 4 days (2) (20 men + 44 boys) take 1 day
22 men + 32 boys = 20 men + 44 boys
hence 11 men and 16 boys work = 82 boys work and 1 man and 4 boys work = 10 boys work
Time taken by 1 man and 4 boys to complete the work = 822/10 = 16.4 days
Question No. : 43
A jar contains 25 tokens printed with integers from 1 to 25 on each token. Ramu & Shyamu pick one token each simultaneously at
random. What is the probability that they pick two consecutive integers?
A)

B)

C)

D)

Explanation:-

Question No. : 44
If sin x + sin2x = 1 then value of cos2x + cos4x is
A)1

B)4

C)0

Explanation:-

D)None of these

sin x + sin2 x = 1
sin x = 1 sin2 x = cos2x
Now cos2x + cos4x
= sin x + sin2x
=1
Question No. : 45


Assume all animation movies to be of 3-hour duration and that the production cost of an animation movie is proportional to the
duration of the movie. All the animation movies mentioned above were produced in the US. Off shoring of the production to
another country leads to a decrease in only the production costs of the movie while there is no change in the other expenses.
Which of the given movies had the highest ratio of box office collections to budget?
A)Toy Story

B)Bug's Life

C)Shrek

D)Finding Nemo

Explanation:-
Only Finding Nemo has a ratio of greater than 8.

Question No. : 46

Assume all animation movies to be of 3-hour duration and that the production cost of an animation movie is proportional to the
duration of the movie. All the animation movies mentioned above were produced in the US. Off shoring of the production to
another country leads to a decrease in only the production costs of the movie while there is no change in the other expenses.
Had "Bug's Life" been produced in India, its total cost (budget) would have decreased by approximately
A)33.4%

B)85.2%

C)45.3%

D)47.8%

Explanation:-
Cost of Bugs Life now = 4.5 million US dollars. Reduction in production costs =
(400,000 60, 000) X 6 = 2040000.
Savings in percentage will be 100*2040000/4500000 = 45.3%

Question No. : 47

Assume all animation movies to be of 3-hour duration and that the production cost of an animation movie is proportional to the
duration of the movie. All the animation movies mentioned above were produced in the US. Off shoring of the production to
another country leads to a decrease in only the production costs of the movie while there is no change in the other expenses.
Had Monster's Inc been produced in Philippines, its profit (profit = 60% of box office collections - budget) would have increased
by approximately
A)7.2%

B)8.9%

C)10.5%

D)5.7%

Explanation:-

Question No. : 48

A)HP

B)GP

Explanation:-

Question No. : 49

C)AP

D)None of these

The Kanyakumari Express travelling between Kanyakumari and Jammu Tawi halts at 12 stations in between its journey from
Kanyakumari to Jammu Tawi and in its return journey it halts at 15 stations in between Jammu Tawi and Kanyakumari. The
number of different second class tickets to be printed so as to serve the passengers travelling by this train is
A)227

B)406

C)454

D)171

Explanation:-
The number of different second class tackets to be printed
= 14C2 + 17C2 = 91+ 136 = 227

Question No. : 50

A)

B)

C)

D)

Explanation:-
Let the line through B, parallel to AQ intersect CP extended at N.

Alternate solution: Consider B to be at the origin (0,0) so that A(0, 7), C(10,0), P(0,3) and Q(4, 0). The equation of AQ is y = (
7/4)x + 7 and the equation of CP is (3/10)x + 3. Solving these as simultaneous equations, we can get the coordinates of M as the
values of x and y. So, M(80/29, 63/29).
Now, drop a perpendicular MR on to AB so that MR = 80/29, BR = 63/29 and PR = 24/29.
Area DARM = (4 + 24/29) ? (80/29) and area DPRM = (24/29) ? (80/29).

Question No. : 51
A. But in September 1921, long before he was the most famous historian in the world, a young Englishman named Arnold
Toynbee boarded the Orient Express in Constantinople, bound for London.
B. Human mastery of nature came at a price: in 1921, Europes battlefields were still cooling from the heat of industrial warfare
and the blood of millions dead.
C. He was an expert in world civilisations who made the cover of Time magazine in 1947, praised for writing the most provocative
work of historical theory since Karl Marxs Capital.
D. Modern technology had changed the world for the better, he observed, but it could also wreak great havoc; there was always

the risk that the machine may run away with the pilot.
E. Fresh from a nine-month posting as a war correspondent for The Manchester Guardian, Toynbee scribbled down reflections
about the shadow side of progress in his notebook, while the Balkans passed silently outside his window.
A)CAEBD

B)DABCE

C)EADBC

D)CAEDB

Explanation:-
In the given case, statement C forms the indirect opening sentence of the paragraph. Statement C cannot be placed anywhere else
as the other statements are all connected. Statement A follows statement C as it provides an alternate line of thought and
introduces details about the subject of the paragraph, Arnold Toynbee. Statement E then describes what Toynbee did and
statements D and B then conclude the paragraph by providing a reference to the war. Remember that statements A and E form a
pair as they are connected by the reference to the Orient Express.
Also, statement D follows statement E. In statement D, the reference is made to his observations, something he was scribbling
down in statement E. These clues lead us to option 4.

Question No. : 52
1. Everyone has finished their lucid perusal of the draft presented by legal luminaries in the country to prevent cases of judicial
misconduct.
2. The hallmark of a captain beyond reproach is his ability to remain rationale in most situations.
3. Highbrows often forget the need for practicality in delicate matters, and suggest academic solutions that find no connect with
the sentiment of the general masses.
4. The company CEO, as well as his directors, are going to provide sane reasons for the lack of transparency in the decision making
of the company.

A)1 & 4

B)1 & 3

C)1, 2 & 4

D)2, 3 & 4

Explanation:-
Sentence 1: Everyone is singular pronoun, and the correct sentence would be Everyone has finished his or her lucid perusal of the
draft ...
Sentence 2: The sentence requires the adjective rational and not the noun rationale.
Sentence 4: The correct sentence is The company CEO, as well as his directors, is going to provide sane reasons for the lack of
transparency in the decision making of the company. The verb will be singular as the subject in this case as the primary subject of
the sentence, the company CEO, is singular.

Question No. : 53
A. If man is doomed to wind cotton around a spool, or dig coal, or build roads for thirty years of his life, there can be no talk of
wealth.
B. Strange to say, there are people who extol this deadening method of centralized production as the proudest achievement of our
age.
C. What he gives to the world is only gray and hideous things, reflecting a dull and hideous existence too weak to live, too
cowardly to die.
D. Real wealth consists in things of utility and beauty, in things that help to create strong, beautiful bodies and surroundings
inspiring to live in.
E. They do not want to know that centralization is not only the death-knell of liberty, but also of health and beauty, of art and
science, all these being impossible in a clock-like, mechanical atmosphere.
A)DACEB

B)BEACD

C)BEDAC

D)DACBE

Explanation:-
D and A, joined together, make for an ideal contrast. Note this in B, which refers to nothing but the toil of the man doomed to lead
a life of drudgery, as discussed in C. Therefore B should follow C. They in E refers to the people already referred to in B.
Question No. : 54
Four students Tina, Tinu, Titu and Teja are ranked 1 to 4, on the basis of their performance in a class test. The following data is
given about their ranks:

If Tina is ranked 1, then Tinu is not ranked 3.


If Tinu is not ranked 1, then Teja is ranked 4.

If Titu is not ranked 2, then Teja is ranked 2.


If Titu is ranked 3, then Teja is not ranked 2.
If Teja is ranked 3, then Tina is not ranked 4.

Who is ranked 1 among the four students?


A)Tinu

B)Titu

C)Tina

D)Cannot be determined

Explanation:-
From the 3rd statement it can be deduced that either Titu or Teja would be ranked 2.

Case 1: Titu is ranked 2.


If Tina is ranked 1 then Tinu is ranked 4 (by the 1st statement). But it is contradicted (by the 2nd statement). So Tina is not ranked
1.

By the 2nd Statement, If Tinu is not ranked 1, then Teja is ranked 4, Tinu is ranked 3 and Tina is ranked 1, which is not possible. So
Tinu is definitely ranked 1. Teja can be ranked 3 but then Tina is ranked 4, which contradicts the 5th statement. So Teja is ranked 4
and Tina is ranked 3.
1

Tinu Titu Tina Teja

Case 2: Teja is ranked 2. As seen before Tina cant get rank 1. So Tinu is ranked 1.
From the 4th statement Titu cant be ranked 3 as in that case Teja cant be ranked 2. So Titu is ranked 4 and Tina is ranked 3.

Tinu

Teja

Tina

Titu

In both the cases Tinu is ranked 1.


Question No. : 55
Four students Tina, Tinu, Titu and Teja are ranked 1 to 4, on the basis of their performance in a class test. The following data is
given about their ranks:

If Tina is ranked 1, then Tinu is not ranked 3.


If Tinu is not ranked 1, then Teja is ranked 4.
If Titu is not ranked 2, then Teja is ranked 2.
If Titu is ranked 3, then Teja is not ranked 2.
If Teja is ranked 3, then Tina is not ranked 4.

Who is ranked 4 among the four students?


A)Tinu

B)Teja

C)Titu

D)Cannot be determined

Explanation:-
From the 3rd statement it can be deduced that either Titu or Teja would be ranked 2.

Case 1: Titu is ranked 2.

If Tina is ranked 1 then Tinu is ranked 4 (by the 1st statement). But it is contradicted (by the 2nd statement). So Tina is not ranked
1.

By the 2nd Statement, If Tinu is not ranked 1, then Teja is ranked 4, Tinu is ranked 3 and Tina is ranked 1, which is not possible. So
Tinu is definitely ranked 1. Teja can be ranked 3 but then Tina is ranked 4, which contradicts the 5th statement. So Teja is ranked 4
and Tina is ranked 3.
1

Tinu Titu Tina Teja

Case 2: Teja is ranked 2. As seen before Tina cant get rank 1. So Tinu is ranked 1.
From the 4th statement Titu cant be ranked 3 as in that case Teja cant be ranked 2. So Titu is ranked 4 and Tina is ranked 3.

Tinu

Teja

Tina

Titu

Titu and Teja both can ranked 4 . So the answer is cannot be determined.
Question No. : 56
Four students Tina, Tinu, Titu and Teja are ranked 1 to 4, on the basis of their performance in a class test. The following data is
given about their ranks:

If Tina is ranked 1, then Tinu is not ranked 3.


If Tinu is not ranked 1, then Teja is ranked 4.
If Titu is not ranked 2, then Teja is ranked 2.
If Titu is ranked 3, then Teja is not ranked 2.
If Teja is ranked 3, then Tina is not ranked 4.

The ranks of how many of the four students can be determined?


A)2

B)1

C)0

D)4

Explanation:-
From the 3rd statement it can be deduced that either Titu or Teja would be ranked 2.

Case 1: Titu is ranked 2.


If Tina is ranked 1 then Tinu is ranked 4 (by the 1st statement). But it is contradicted (by the 2nd statement). So Tina is not ranked
1.

By the 2nd Statement, If Tinu is not ranked 1, then Teja is ranked 4, Tinu is ranked 3 and Tina is ranked 1, which is not possible. So
Tinu is definitely ranked 1. Teja can be ranked 3 but then Tina is ranked 4, which contradicts the 5th statement. So Teja is ranked 4
and Tina is ranked 3.
1

Tinu Titu Tina Teja

Case 2: Teja is ranked 2. As seen before Tina cant get rank 1. So Tinu is ranked 1.
From the 4th statement Titu cant be ranked 3 as in that case Teja cant be ranked 2. So Titu is ranked 4 and Tina is ranked 3.

Tinu

Teja

Tina

Titu

Hence Rank of 2 students can be determined.

Question No. : 57
Management knows itand so does Wall Street: The year-to-year viability of a company depends on its ability to innovate. Given
todays market expectations, global competitive pressures, and the extent and pace of structural change, this is truer than ever. But
chief executives struggle to make the case to the Street that their managerial actions can be relied on to yield a stream of
successful new offerings. Many admit to being unsure and frustrated. Typically they are aware of a tremendous amount of
innovation going on inside their enterprises but dont feel they have a grasp on all the dispersed initiatives. The pursuit of the new
feels haphazard and episodic, and they suspect that the returns on the companys total innovation investment are too low.

Making matters worse, executives tend to respond with dramatic interventions and vacillating strategies. Take the example of a
consumer goods company we know. Attuned to the need to keep its brands fresh in retailers and consumers minds, it introduced
frequent improvements and variations on its core offerings. Most of those earned their keep with respectable uptake by the
market and decent margins. Over time, however, it became clear that all this product proliferation, while splitting the revenue pie
into ever-smaller slices, wasnt actually growing the pie. Eager to achieve a much higher return, management lurched toward a
new strategy aimed at breakthrough product developmentat transformational rather than incremental innovations.

Unfortunately, this companys structure and processes were not set up to execute on that ambition; although it had the requisite
capabilities for envisioning, developing, and market testing innovations close to its core, it neither recognized nor gained the very
different capabilities needed to take a bolder path. Its most inventive ideas ended up being diluted beyond recognition, killed
outright, or crushed under the weight of the enterprise. Before long the company retreated to what it knew best. Once again, little
was ventured and little was gainedand the cycle repeated itself.


We tell this story because it is typical of companies that have not yet learned to manage innovation strategically. It demonstrates
an all-too-common contrast to the steady, above-average returns that can be achieved only through a well-balanced portfolio. The
companies weve found to have the strongest innovation track records can articulate a clear innovation ambition; have struck the
right balance of core, adjacent, and transformational initiatives across the enterprise; and have put in place the tools and
capabilities to manage those various initiatives as parts of an integrated whole. Rather than hoping that their future will emerge
from a collection of ad hoc, stand-alone efforts that compete with one another for time, money, attention, and prestige, they
manage for total innovation.

Passage Source: Managing your Innovation, appeared in Harvard Business Review


According to the information given in the passage, identify the statements that will work better for the viability of the companies:
I.
II.
III.
IV.

Ad-hoc initiatives render the companies sticking to core-offerings.


Wall Street does not trust the managerial actions.
Companies use only some of the processes described as those of total innovation, in the passage.
Executives show a steadfast attitude that does not help them adapt to situations, and means that they do not crack under
stress as they stick to their viewpoints.

A)I & II

B)II & IV

C)III & IV

D)None of these

Explanation:-
In the first sentence the author himself states that viability depends on the ability to innovate, which is not true in case of a
company sticking to core offerings. The wall street people do not affect a company's viability rather their lack of trust is an
outcome of company's non-viability. This helps us rule out statement II.
Also, Statement IV can be rejected from the line: executives tend to respond with dramatic interventions and vacillating
strategies.
Statements III and IV run contrary to the content of this one, and the general sentiment expressed by the passage.
Refer to the fifth sentence of para one "Typically they are........initiatives" the reason for the non-viability is inadequate grasp of
executives over diverse/dispersed initiatives. The example of consumer goods company clearly highlights this aspect that
company's structures/processes were not suited to bring about transformational innovation.

Question No. : 58
Management knows itand so does Wall Street: The year-to-year viability of a company depends on its ability to innovate. Given
todays market expectations, global competitive pressures, and the extent and pace of structural change, this is truer than ever. But
chief executives struggle to make the case to the Street that their managerial actions can be relied on to yield a stream of
successful new offerings. Many admit to being unsure and frustrated. Typically they are aware of a tremendous amount of
innovation going on inside their enterprises but dont feel they have a grasp on all the dispersed initiatives. The pursuit of the new
feels haphazard and episodic, and they suspect that the returns on the companys total innovation investment are too low.

Making matters worse, executives tend to respond with dramatic interventions and vacillating strategies. Take the example of a
consumer goods company we know. Attuned to the need to keep its brands fresh in retailers and consumers minds, it introduced
frequent improvements and variations on its core offerings. Most of those earned their keep with respectable uptake by the
market and decent margins. Over time, however, it became clear that all this product proliferation, while splitting the revenue pie
into ever-smaller slices, wasnt actually growing the pie. Eager to achieve a much higher return, management lurched toward a
new strategy aimed at breakthrough product developmentat transformational rather than incremental innovations.

Unfortunately, this companys structure and processes were not set up to execute on that ambition; although it had the requisite
capabilities for envisioning, developing, and market testing innovations close to its core, it neither recognized nor gained the very
different capabilities needed to take a bolder path. Its most inventive ideas ended up being diluted beyond recognition, killed
outright, or crushed under the weight of the enterprise. Before long the company retreated to what it knew best. Once again, little
was ventured and little was gainedand the cycle repeated itself.

We tell this story because it is typical of companies that have not yet learned to manage innovation strategically. It demonstrates
an all-too-common contrast to the steady, above-average returns that can be achieved only through a well-balanced portfolio. The
companies weve found to have the strongest innovation track records can articulate a clear innovation ambition; have struck the
right balance of core, adjacent, and transformational initiatives across the enterprise; and have put in place the tools and
capabilities to manage those various initiatives as parts of an integrated whole. Rather than hoping that their future will emerge
from a collection of ad hoc, stand-alone efforts that compete with one another for time, money, attention, and prestige, they
manage for total innovation.

Passage Source: Managing your Innovation, appeared in Harvard Business Review

It can be inferred from the passage that the author places his trust in how many of the below:
I.
II.
III.
IV.
V.

Transformational innovation introducing breakthroughs in the system


Incremental innovation building systems one at a time
Integrating innovation through systematic changes over time
Lateral innovation that integrate the innovative methods with core methods using lateral thinking
Total innovation encompassing every area of the organization for collective growth

A)2

B)3

C)4

D)5

Explanation:-
There are four methods/approaches that can be inferred from the passage that the author would agree with: I, II, III & V
Each of these finds a mention in the last paragraph of the passage. Statement IV does not find any mention, and neither is lateral
thinking ever mentioned in the passage. The passage only uses the word adjacent to signify changes that need to be integrated
with core changes in the system.

Question No. : 59
Management knows itand so does Wall Street: The year-to-year viability of a company depends on its ability to innovate. Given
todays market expectations, global competitive pressures, and the extent and pace of structural change, this is truer than ever. But
chief executives struggle to make the case to the Street that their managerial actions can be relied on to yield a stream of
successful new offerings. Many admit to being unsure and frustrated. Typically they are aware of a tremendous amount of
innovation going on inside their enterprises but dont feel they have a grasp on all the dispersed initiatives. The pursuit of the new
feels haphazard and episodic, and they suspect that the returns on the companys total innovation investment are too low.

Making matters worse, executives tend to respond with dramatic interventions and vacillating strategies. Take the example of a
consumer goods company we know. Attuned to the need to keep its brands fresh in retailers and consumers minds, it introduced
frequent improvements and variations on its core offerings. Most of those earned their keep with respectable uptake by the
market and decent margins. Over time, however, it became clear that all this product proliferation, while splitting the revenue pie
into ever-smaller slices, wasnt actually growing the pie. Eager to achieve a much higher return, management lurched toward a
new strategy aimed at breakthrough product developmentat transformational rather than incremental innovations.

Unfortunately, this companys structure and processes were not set up to execute on that ambition; although it had the requisite
capabilities for envisioning, developing, and market testing innovations close to its core, it neither recognized nor gained the very
different capabilities needed to take a bolder path. Its most inventive ideas ended up being diluted beyond recognition, killed
outright, or crushed under the weight of the enterprise. Before long the company retreated to what it knew best. Once again, little
was ventured and little was gainedand the cycle repeated itself.

We tell this story because it is typical of companies that have not yet learned to manage innovation strategically. It demonstrates
an all-too-common contrast to the steady, above-average returns that can be achieved only through a well-balanced portfolio. The
companies weve found to have the strongest innovation track records can articulate a clear innovation ambition; have struck the
right balance of core, adjacent, and transformational initiatives across the enterprise; and have put in place the tools and
capabilities to manage those various initiatives as parts of an integrated whole. Rather than hoping that their future will emerge
from a collection of ad hoc, stand-alone efforts that compete with one another for time, money, attention, and prestige, they
manage for total innovation.

Passage Source: Managing your Innovation, appeared in Harvard Business Review


According to the information given in the passage, what may not be the characteristics of a company with strong innovation
records?
A)They have an appropriate combination of their core offerings and break through, game changing novel ideas
B)They have varied efforts in pursuit of new products which compete with each other to be noticed
C)They have the chief executives who do not tend to intervene dramatically
D)They have the necessary techniques and capabilities to manage the diverse initiatives in the company as related to a
common purpose
Explanation:-
4th paragraph clearly mentions that adhoc/standalone varied efforts that compete with one another are not conducive to total
innovation. Hence option 2 can be identified as the characteristic that companies with strong innovation records may not have.
On the other hand, 1 and 4 are pretty straightforward as these are positive attributes. Option 3 can be ruled out beecause where
chief executives intervene dramatically, they do not have strong performance records (para 2). In this sense, companies where

executives do not intervene dramatically are bound to have strong innovation record.
Question No. : 60
Consider these recent headlines: Want to be Happier? Be More Grateful, The Formula for Happiness: Gratitude Plays a Part,
Teaching Gratitude, Bringing Happiness to Children, and my personal favorite Key to Happiness is Gratitude, and Men May be
Locked Out.

Buoyed by research findings from the field of positive psychology, the happiness industry is alive and flourishing in America. Each
of these headlines includes the explicit assumption that gratitude should be part of any 12-step, 30-day, or 10-key program to
develop happiness. But how does this bear on the question toward which this essay is directed? Is gratitude queen of the virtues?
In modern times gratitude has become untethered from its moral moorings and collectively, we are worse off because of this.
When the Roman philosopher Cicero stated that gratitude was the queen of the virtues, he most assuredly did not mean that
gratitude was merely a stepping-stone toward personal happiness. Gratitude is a morally complex disposition, and reducing this
virtue to a technique or strategy to improve ones mood is to do it an injustice.

Even restricting gratitude to an inner feeling is insufficient. In the history of ideas, gratitude is considered an action (returning a
favor) that is not only virtuous in and of itself, but valuable to society. To reciprocate is the right thing to do. There is no duty
more indispensable that that of returning a kindness wrote Cicero in a book whose title translates On Duties. Ciceros
contemporary, Seneca, maintained that He who receives a benefit with gratitude repays the first installment on his debt. Neither
believed that the emotion felt in a person returning a favor was particularly crucial. Conversely, across time, ingratitude has been
treated as a serious vice, a greater vice than gratitude is a virtue. Ingratitude is the essence of vileness, wrote the great German
philosopher Immanuel Kant while David Hume opined that ingratitude is the most horrible and unnatural crime that a person is
capable of committing.

Gratitude does matter for happiness. As someone who for the past decade has contributed to the scientific literature on gratitude
and well-being, I would certainly grant that. The tools and techniques of modern science have been brought to bear on
understanding the nature of gratitude and why it is important for human flourishing more generally. From childhood to old age,
accumulating evidence documents the wide array of psychological, physical, and relational benefits associated with gratitude. Yet I
have come to the realization that by taking a gratitude lite approach we have cheapened gratitude. Gratitude is important not
only because it helps people feel good, but also because it inspires them to do good. Gratitude heals, energizes, and transforms
lives in a myriad of ways consistent with the notion that virtue is both its own reward and produces other rewards.

To give a flavor of these research findings, dispositional gratitude has been found to be positively associated qualities such as
empathy, forgiveness, and the willingness to help others. For example, people who rated themselves as having a grateful
disposition perceived themselves as having more prosocial characteristics, expressed by their empathetic behavior, and emotional
support for friends within the last month. When people report feeling grateful, thankful, and appreciative in studies of daily
experience, they also feel more loving, forgiving, joyful, and enthusiastic. Notably, the family, friends, partners and others that
surround them consistently report that people who practice gratitude are viewed as more helpful, more outgoing, more optimistic,
and more trustworthy. On a larger level, gratitude is the adhesive that binds members of society together. Gratitude is the moral
memory of mankind wrote noted sociologist Georg Simmel.
With reference to the passage, what does the author mean by a gratitude-lite approach?
A)A modified version of gratitude that is effective
B)An adulterated version of gratitude that is detrimental in nature
C)A heavily altered version of gratitude lacking its full impact D)A watered-down version of gratitude lacking its full impact
Explanation:-
First, let us look at the meaning of lite. It denotes a low-fat or low-sugar version of a manufactured food or drink product. When
coupled with a soft-drink, it would mean a low-fat or calorie version of the soft drink, that is something that does not have its full
impact.
When used with gratitude, it would refer to a version of gratitude that does not have the full impact or force and is a watered
down version of the same.
The clue to the correct answer also lies in the following line: Yet I have come to the realization that by taking a gratitude lite
approach we have cheapened gratitude.

Question No. : 61
Consider these recent headlines: Want to be Happier? Be More Grateful, The Formula for Happiness: Gratitude Plays a Part,
Teaching Gratitude, Bringing Happiness to Children, and my personal favorite Key to Happiness is Gratitude, and Men May be
Locked Out.

Buoyed by research findings from the field of positive psychology, the happiness industry is alive and flourishing in America. Each

of these headlines includes the explicit assumption that gratitude should be part of any 12-step, 30-day, or 10-key program to
develop happiness. But how does this bear on the question toward which this essay is directed? Is gratitude queen of the virtues?
In modern times gratitude has become untethered from its moral moorings and collectively, we are worse off because of this.
When the Roman philosopher Cicero stated that gratitude was the queen of the virtues, he most assuredly did not mean that
gratitude was merely a stepping-stone toward personal happiness. Gratitude is a morally complex disposition, and reducing this
virtue to a technique or strategy to improve ones mood is to do it an injustice.

Even restricting gratitude to an inner feeling is insufficient. In the history of ideas, gratitude is considered an action (returning a
favor) that is not only virtuous in and of itself, but valuable to society. To reciprocate is the right thing to do. There is no duty
more indispensable that that of returning a kindness wrote Cicero in a book whose title translates On Duties. Ciceros
contemporary, Seneca, maintained that He who receives a benefit with gratitude repays the first installment on his debt. Neither
believed that the emotion felt in a person returning a favor was particularly crucial. Conversely, across time, ingratitude has been
treated as a serious vice, a greater vice than gratitude is a virtue. Ingratitude is the essence of vileness, wrote the great German
philosopher Immanuel Kant while David Hume opined that ingratitude is the most horrible and unnatural crime that a person is
capable of committing.

Gratitude does matter for happiness. As someone who for the past decade has contributed to the scientific literature on gratitude
and well-being, I would certainly grant that. The tools and techniques of modern science have been brought to bear on
understanding the nature of gratitude and why it is important for human flourishing more generally. From childhood to old age,
accumulating evidence documents the wide array of psychological, physical, and relational benefits associated with gratitude. Yet I
have come to the realization that by taking a gratitude lite approach we have cheapened gratitude. Gratitude is important not
only because it helps people feel good, but also because it inspires them to do good. Gratitude heals, energizes, and transforms
lives in a myriad of ways consistent with the notion that virtue is both its own reward and produces other rewards.

To give a flavor of these research findings, dispositional gratitude has been found to be positively associated qualities such as
empathy, forgiveness, and the willingness to help others. For example, people who rated themselves as having a grateful
disposition perceived themselves as having more prosocial characteristics, expressed by their empathetic behavior, and emotional
support for friends within the last month. When people report feeling grateful, thankful, and appreciative in studies of daily
experience, they also feel more loving, forgiving, joyful, and enthusiastic. Notably, the family, friends, partners and others that
surround them consistently report that people who practice gratitude are viewed as more helpful, more outgoing, more optimistic,
and more trustworthy. On a larger level, gratitude is the adhesive that binds members of society together. Gratitude is the moral
memory of mankind wrote noted sociologist Georg Simmel.
The author of the passage will agree with the statement:
A)One should take the emphatic approach to gratitude B)One should take the personal approach to gratitude
C)One should take both the social and the personal approach to gratitude
D)One should only take the social approach to gratitude
Explanation:-
This is a question which is based on the overall idea of the passage. The author of the passage clearly states the social approach to
gratitude is required. But he does not state the personal approach is not needed. He, in fact, quotes that both are required.
Refer to the lines: Gratitude does matter for happiness. As someone who for the past decade has contributed to the scientific
literature on gratitude and well-being, I would certainly grant that.
In these lines, the author does accept the contribution of gratitude towards personal happiness.
Also, right through the passage, he emphasis the need of keeping the society in mind while thinking of gratitude. This makes
option 3 the apt answer in this case.

Question No. : 62
Consider these recent headlines: Want to be Happier? Be More Grateful, The Formula for Happiness: Gratitude Plays a Part,
Teaching Gratitude, Bringing Happiness to Children, and my personal favorite Key to Happiness is Gratitude, and Men May be
Locked Out.

Buoyed by research findings from the field of positive psychology, the happiness industry is alive and flourishing in America. Each
of these headlines includes the explicit assumption that gratitude should be part of any 12-step, 30-day, or 10-key program to
develop happiness. But how does this bear on the question toward which this essay is directed? Is gratitude queen of the virtues?
In modern times gratitude has become untethered from its moral moorings and collectively, we are worse off because of this.
When the Roman philosopher Cicero stated that gratitude was the queen of the virtues, he most assuredly did not mean that
gratitude was merely a stepping-stone toward personal happiness. Gratitude is a morally complex disposition, and reducing this
virtue to a technique or strategy to improve ones mood is to do it an injustice.

Even restricting gratitude to an inner feeling is insufficient. In the history of ideas, gratitude is considered an action (returning a
favor) that is not only virtuous in and of itself, but valuable to society. To reciprocate is the right thing to do. There is no duty

more indispensable that that of returning a kindness wrote Cicero in a book whose title translates On Duties. Ciceros
contemporary, Seneca, maintained that He who receives a benefit with gratitude repays the first installment on his debt. Neither
believed that the emotion felt in a person returning a favor was particularly crucial. Conversely, across time, ingratitude has been
treated as a serious vice, a greater vice than gratitude is a virtue. Ingratitude is the essence of vileness, wrote the great German
philosopher Immanuel Kant while David Hume opined that ingratitude is the most horrible and unnatural crime that a person is
capable of committing.

Gratitude does matter for happiness. As someone who for the past decade has contributed to the scientific literature on gratitude
and well-being, I would certainly grant that. The tools and techniques of modern science have been brought to bear on
understanding the nature of gratitude and why it is important for human flourishing more generally. From childhood to old age,
accumulating evidence documents the wide array of psychological, physical, and relational benefits associated with gratitude. Yet I
have come to the realization that by taking a gratitude lite approach we have cheapened gratitude. Gratitude is important not
only because it helps people feel good, but also because it inspires them to do good. Gratitude heals, energizes, and transforms
lives in a myriad of ways consistent with the notion that virtue is both its own reward and produces other rewards.

To give a flavor of these research findings, dispositional gratitude has been found to be positively associated qualities such as
empathy, forgiveness, and the willingness to help others. For example, people who rated themselves as having a grateful
disposition perceived themselves as having more prosocial characteristics, expressed by their empathetic behavior, and emotional
support for friends within the last month. When people report feeling grateful, thankful, and appreciative in studies of daily
experience, they also feel more loving, forgiving, joyful, and enthusiastic. Notably, the family, friends, partners and others that
surround them consistently report that people who practice gratitude are viewed as more helpful, more outgoing, more optimistic,
and more trustworthy. On a larger level, gratitude is the adhesive that binds members of society together. Gratitude is the moral
memory of mankind wrote noted sociologist Georg Simmel.
As per the context of the passage, identify the correct statements:

I. According to the author, the happiness industry has over-used the concept of gratitude for its own benefit.
II. According to Cicero, gratitude induces a feeling of debt in the benefactor.
III. The rewards obtained from gratitude cannot be limited to one sphere of human life.

A)I & II

B)II & III

C)I & III

D)All of the above

Explanation:-
Statement I can be directly derived from the lines: Buoyed by research findings from the field of positive psychology, the happiness
industry is alive and flourishing in America. Each of these headlines includes the explicit assumption that gratitude should be part
of any 12-step, 30-day, or 10-key program to develop happiness.

Statement II can be negated from the lines: Ciceros contemporary, Seneca, maintained that He who receives a benefit with
gratitude repays the first installment on his debt.
The line actually means that if someone recieves a benefit with a feeling of gratitude, he has partially paid his debt already. The
given statement states the opposite.

Statement III can be derived from the lines: Gratitude heals, energizes, and transforms lives in a myriad of ways consistent with the
notion that virtue is both its own reward and produces other rewards.
Question No. : 63
A security Agency provides exactly two guards on each day of a week from Monday to Saturday.
Vijay, Vikrant, Vikram, Vicky and Viraat are the people responsible for guarding the ATM. None of them works for three
consecutive days during the week. Vijay does not work on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday.
Vicky and Vikrant never work on the same day. Vikrant works on alternate days and he works with Vijay on Friday. Viraat works
for the maximum number of days during the week among the five guards.

Both Vicky and Vikrant work for an odd number of days during the week. Two particular guards work for the same number of
days during the week; each of the rest three works for a distinct number of days.

If Viraat works with one particular guard twice during the week, then which guard works on the same day as Vicky?
A)Vikram

B)Viraat

C)Vijay

D)Cannot be determined

Explanation:-
Vicky, Vikram, Vijay, Vikrant and Viraat must have worked for 1, 2, 2, 3 and 4 days respectively.

The table given below can be formed from the given information.

Monday

Vikrant

Viraat

Tuesday
Vikram
Vicky

Wednesday
Vikrant
Viraat
Thursday Vikram/Vijay Viraat

Friday
Vikrant
Vijay

Saturday Vijay/Vikram Viraat Hence, Vikram works with Vicky.


Question No. : 64
A security Agency provides exactly two guards on each day of a week from Monday to Saturday.
Vijay, Vikrant, Vikram, Vicky and Viraat are the people responsible for guarding the ATM. None of them works for three
consecutive days during the week. Vijay does not work on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday.
Vicky and Vikrant never work on the same day. Vikrant works on alternate days and he works with Vijay on Friday. Viraat works
for the maximum number of days during the week among the five guards.

Both Vicky and Vikrant work for an odd number of days during the week. Two particular guards work for the same number of
days during the week; each of the rest three works for a distinct number of days.

If Viraat works with a different guard every time during the week, then which two guards work on Thursday?
A)Viraat and Vijay

B)Viraat and Vicky

C)Viraat and Vikram

D)Cannot be determined

Explanation:-
Vicky, Vikram, Vijay, Vikrant and Viraat must have worked for 1, 2, 2, 3 and 4 days respectively.

The table given below can be formed from the given information.
Monday

Vikrant

Viraat

Tuesday

Vikram

Vicky

Wednesday

Vikrant

Viraat

Thursday
Friday
Saturday

Vikram/Vijay Viraat
Vikrant

Vijay

Vijay/Vikram Viraat

It can be seen that the two guards who work on Thursday cannot be uniquely determined.

Question No. : 65
NOSE
A)The sergeant was asked to keep his nose off the matter
B)The vigilance Department has started to nose around since they have received complaints regarding frauds
C)Senior professors here look down their noses at the ones who have recently joined the department
D)Believing that he hadnt been noticed by anyone, John nosed out of the room
Explanation:-
To look down (one's)nose is an idiom that means withdisapproval,contempt,orarrogance.
Nose around means to pry into something; to snoop around something. Nose Out means to move cautiously out of something or
some place, nose first.
Sentence in option 1 incorrectly uses 'off' and should instead you 'of'. So, option 1 is the answer.

Question No. : 66
MOVE
A)The company has not yet moved in on the consumer market B)The army is moving on the capital itself
C)We'd better get a move on before it rains
D)Infantry units have been in the move all day
Explanation:-

Move in on is to take aggressive steps to control or possess something. Move on isto approach or attack as a military target. To
get a move on is to begin or act. On the move is going from place to place and is the correct phrase that should have been used
in 4.
Question No. : 67
Moral questions immediately present themselves as questions whose solution cannot wait for sensible proof. A moral question is
a question not of what sensibly exists, but of what is good, or would be good if it did exist. Science can tell us what exists; but to
compare the worths, both of what exists and of what does not exist, we must consult not science, but what Pascal calls our heart.
Science herself consults her heart when she lays it down that the infinite ascertainment of fact and correction of false belief are the
supreme goods for man. Challenge the statement, and science can only repeat it oracularly, or else prove it by showing that such
ascertainment and correction bring man all sorts of other goods which man's heart in turn declares.

The question of having moral beliefs at all or not having them is decided by our will. Are our moral preferences true or false, or are
they only odd biological phenomena, making things good or bad for us, but in themselves indifferent? How can your pure intellect
decide? If your heart does not want a world of moral reality, your head will assuredly never make you believe in one.
Mephistophelian scepticism, indeed, will satisfy the head's play-instincts much better than any rigorous idealism can. Some men
(even at the student age) are so naturally cool-hearted that the moralistic hypothesis never has for them any pungent life, and in
their supercilious presence the hot young moralist always feels strangely ill at ease. The appearance of knowingness is on their
side, of navet and gullibility on his. Yet, in the inarticulate heart of him, he clings to it that he is not a dupe, and that there is a
realm in which (as Emerson says) all their wit and intellectual superiority is no better than the cunning of a fox. Moral scepticism
can no more be refuted or proved by logic than intellectual scepticism can. When we stick to it that there is truth (be it of either
kind), we do so with our whole nature, and resolve to stand or fall by the results. The sceptic with his whole nature adopts the
doubting attitude; but which of us is the wiser, Omniscience only knows.

Turn now from these wide questions of good to a certain class of questions of fact, questions concerning personal relations, states
of mind between one man and another. Do you like me or not?for example. Whether you do or not depends, in countless
instances, on whether I meet you half-way, am willing to assume that you must like me, and show you trust and expectation. The
previous faith on my part in your liking's existence is in such cases what makes your liking come. But if I stand aloof, and refuse to
budge an inch until I have objective evidence, until you shall have done something apt, as the absolutists say, ad
extorquendumassensummeum, ten to one your liking never comes. How many women's hearts are vanquished by the mere
sanguine insistence of some man that they must love him! He will not consent to the hypothesis that they cannot. The desire for a
certain kind of truth here brings about that special truth's existence; and so it is in innumerable cases of other sorts. Who gains
promotions, boons, appointments, but the man in whose life they are seen to play the part of live hypotheses, who discounts them,
sacrifices other things for their sake before they have come, and takes risks for them in advance? His faith acts on the powers
above him as a claim, and creates its own verification.

Passage Source: Extracted from the book The Will to Believe and Other Essays in Popular Philosophy by William James
A difference between Science and Morality implied in the passage is:
A)Science is based on observation and Morality is based on emotions
B)Science is based on fact and Morality is based on fiction
C)Science explores existence and Morality its worth
D)Science lays down the facts and Morality checks whether our heart agrees with them
Explanation:-
The answer to this question can be found in the lines: Science can tell us what exists; but to compare the worths, both of what exists
and of what does not exist, we must consult not science, but what Pascal calls our heart. This line clearly points to option 3 as the
correct answer. This question is based on essentially para-phrasing the given line in the most appropriate manner.

Question No. : 68
Moral questions immediately present themselves as questions whose solution cannot wait for sensible proof. A moral question is
a question not of what sensibly exists, but of what is good, or would be good if it did exist. Science can tell us what exists; but to
compare the worths, both of what exists and of what does not exist, we must consult not science, but what Pascal calls our heart.
Science herself consults her heart when she lays it down that the infinite ascertainment of fact and correction of false belief are the
supreme goods for man. Challenge the statement, and science can only repeat it oracularly, or else prove it by showing that such
ascertainment and correction bring man all sorts of other goods which man's heart in turn declares.

The question of having moral beliefs at all or not having them is decided by our will. Are our moral preferences true or false, or are
they only odd biological phenomena, making things good or bad for us, but in themselves indifferent? How can your pure intellect
decide? If your heart does not want a world of moral reality, your head will assuredly never make you believe in one.
Mephistophelian scepticism, indeed, will satisfy the head's play-instincts much better than any rigorous idealism can. Some men
(even at the student age) are so naturally cool-hearted that the moralistic hypothesis never has for them any pungent life, and in

their supercilious presence the hot young moralist always feels strangely ill at ease. The appearance of knowingness is on their
side, of navet and gullibility on his. Yet, in the inarticulate heart of him, he clings to it that he is not a dupe, and that there is a
realm in which (as Emerson says) all their wit and intellectual superiority is no better than the cunning of a fox. Moral scepticism
can no more be refuted or proved by logic than intellectual scepticism can. When we stick to it that there is truth (be it of either
kind), we do so with our whole nature, and resolve to stand or fall by the results. The sceptic with his whole nature adopts the
doubting attitude; but which of us is the wiser, Omniscience only knows.

Turn now from these wide questions of good to a certain class of questions of fact, questions concerning personal relations, states
of mind between one man and another. Do you like me or not?for example. Whether you do or not depends, in countless
instances, on whether I meet you half-way, am willing to assume that you must like me, and show you trust and expectation. The
previous faith on my part in your liking's existence is in such cases what makes your liking come. But if I stand aloof, and refuse to
budge an inch until I have objective evidence, until you shall have done something apt, as the absolutists say, ad
extorquendumassensummeum, ten to one your liking never comes. How many women's hearts are vanquished by the mere
sanguine insistence of some man that they must love him! He will not consent to the hypothesis that they cannot. The desire for a
certain kind of truth here brings about that special truth's existence; and so it is in innumerable cases of other sorts. Who gains
promotions, boons, appointments, but the man in whose life they are seen to play the part of live hypotheses, who discounts them,
sacrifices other things for their sake before they have come, and takes risks for them in advance? His faith acts on the powers
above him as a claim, and creates its own verification.

Passage Source: Extracted from the book The Will to Believe and Other Essays in Popular Philosophy by William James
The author of the passage adopts which one of the following tones in the passage:
A)didactic

B)inquisitive

C)instigative

D)conjectural

Explanation:-
In order to identify the answer for this question, you need to understand the role played by the author here. He is explaining
certain viewpoints in philosophy, highlighting their nature and how these viewpoints operate. Throughout the course of the
passage, he is explaining various concepts in the passage and this makes option 1 the best answer in this case. 'Didactic' means
Communication that is suitable for or intended to be instructive. He is not making any guesses therefore option 4 rejected. He is
not raising questions only but also trying to find out the posible explanation therefore option 2 is also rejected. His writing is not
provocative therefore option 3 is also rejected.
Question No. : 69
Moral questions immediately present themselves as questions whose solution cannot wait for sensible proof. A moral question is
a question not of what sensibly exists, but of what is good, or would be good if it did exist. Science can tell us what exists; but to
compare the worths, both of what exists and of what does not exist, we must consult not science, but what Pascal calls our heart.
Science herself consults her heart when she lays it down that the infinite ascertainment of fact and correction of false belief are the
supreme goods for man. Challenge the statement, and science can only repeat it oracularly, or else prove it by showing that such
ascertainment and correction bring man all sorts of other goods which man's heart in turn declares.

The question of having moral beliefs at all or not having them is decided by our will. Are our moral preferences true or false, or are
they only odd biological phenomena, making things good or bad for us, but in themselves indifferent? How can your pure intellect
decide? If your heart does not want a world of moral reality, your head will assuredly never make you believe in one.
Mephistophelian scepticism, indeed, will satisfy the head's play-instincts much better than any rigorous idealism can. Some men
(even at the student age) are so naturally cool-hearted that the moralistic hypothesis never has for them any pungent life, and in
their supercilious presence the hot young moralist always feels strangely ill at ease. The appearance of knowingness is on their
side, of navet and gullibility on his. Yet, in the inarticulate heart of him, he clings to it that he is not a dupe, and that there is a
realm in which (as Emerson says) all their wit and intellectual superiority is no better than the cunning of a fox. Moral scepticism
can no more be refuted or proved by logic than intellectual scepticism can. When we stick to it that there is truth (be it of either
kind), we do so with our whole nature, and resolve to stand or fall by the results. The sceptic with his whole nature adopts the
doubting attitude; but which of us is the wiser, Omniscience only knows.

Turn now from these wide questions of good to a certain class of questions of fact, questions concerning personal relations, states
of mind between one man and another. Do you like me or not?for example. Whether you do or not depends, in countless
instances, on whether I meet you half-way, am willing to assume that you must like me, and show you trust and expectation. The
previous faith on my part in your liking's existence is in such cases what makes your liking come. But if I stand aloof, and refuse to
budge an inch until I have objective evidence, until you shall have done something apt, as the absolutists say, ad
extorquendumassensummeum, ten to one your liking never comes. How many women's hearts are vanquished by the mere
sanguine insistence of some man that they must love him! He will not consent to the hypothesis that they cannot. The desire for a
certain kind of truth here brings about that special truth's existence; and so it is in innumerable cases of other sorts. Who gains
promotions, boons, appointments, but the man in whose life they are seen to play the part of live hypotheses, who discounts them,
sacrifices other things for their sake before they have come, and takes risks for them in advance? His faith acts on the powers
above him as a claim, and creates its own verification.


Passage Source: Extracted from the book The Will to Believe and Other Essays in Popular Philosophy by William James
It can be inferred from the context provided that Mephistophelian scepticism would refer to:
A)thinking ideology that bases itself on logic than morality
B)sharp instincts of the brain that are involved in creating an environment that lacks rigor
C)cunning incredulity adopted by a persons brain that would help reinforce a worldview of morality
D)clever disbeliefs outlining the nature of the brain to avoid moral viewpoints
Explanation:-
First things first, let us have a look at the dictionary. Mephistophelian means showing the cunning, ingenuity or wickedness typical
of a devil. It is derived from Mephistopheles, who was an evilspirit to whom Faust sold his soul. As a student, you are not expected
to know this meaning. In such a case, how do you go about the question? Always focus on the context provided to you. In this case,
the context is as follows: If your heart does not want a world of moral reality, your head will assuredly never make you believe in
one. Mephistophelian scepticism, indeed, will satisfy the head's play-instincts much better than any rigorous idealism can.
This highlights how Mephistophelian scepticism refers to clever stance/reasoning adopted by the brain to avoid a world of moral
reality. Which option highlights such a scenario? Option 1.
Option 4 comes close but it commits the mistake of labeling the nature of the brain to avoid moral viewpoints. This is a little too
extreme in the given case, and cannot be accepted as such.
Question No. : 70
Moral questions immediately present themselves as questions whose solution cannot wait for sensible proof. A moral question is
a question not of what sensibly exists, but of what is good, or would be good if it did exist. Science can tell us what exists; but to
compare the worths, both of what exists and of what does not exist, we must consult not science, but what Pascal calls our heart.
Science herself consults her heart when she lays it down that the infinite ascertainment of fact and correction of false belief are the
supreme goods for man. Challenge the statement, and science can only repeat it oracularly, or else prove it by showing that such
ascertainment and correction bring man all sorts of other goods which man's heart in turn declares.

The question of having moral beliefs at all or not having them is decided by our will. Are our moral preferences true or false, or are
they only odd biological phenomena, making things good or bad for us, but in themselves indifferent? How can your pure intellect
decide? If your heart does not want a world of moral reality, your head will assuredly never make you believe in one.
Mephistophelian scepticism, indeed, will satisfy the head's play-instincts much better than any rigorous idealism can. Some men
(even at the student age) are so naturally cool-hearted that the moralistic hypothesis never has for them any pungent life, and in
their supercilious presence the hot young moralist always feels strangely ill at ease. The appearance of knowingness is on their
side, of navet and gullibility on his. Yet, in the inarticulate heart of him, he clings to it that he is not a dupe, and that there is a
realm in which (as Emerson says) all their wit and intellectual superiority is no better than the cunning of a fox. Moral scepticism
can no more be refuted or proved by logic than intellectual scepticism can. When we stick to it that there is truth (be it of either
kind), we do so with our whole nature, and resolve to stand or fall by the results. The sceptic with his whole nature adopts the
doubting attitude; but which of us is the wiser, Omniscience only knows.

Turn now from these wide questions of good to a certain class of questions of fact, questions concerning personal relations, states
of mind between one man and another. Do you like me or not?for example. Whether you do or not depends, in countless
instances, on whether I meet you half-way, am willing to assume that you must like me, and show you trust and expectation. The
previous faith on my part in your liking's existence is in such cases what makes your liking come. But if I stand aloof, and refuse to
budge an inch until I have objective evidence, until you shall have done something apt, as the absolutists say, ad
extorquendumassensummeum, ten to one your liking never comes. How many women's hearts are vanquished by the mere
sanguine insistence of some man that they must love him! He will not consent to the hypothesis that they cannot. The desire for a
certain kind of truth here brings about that special truth's existence; and so it is in innumerable cases of other sorts. Who gains
promotions, boons, appointments, but the man in whose life they are seen to play the part of live hypotheses, who discounts them,
sacrifices other things for their sake before they have come, and takes risks for them in advance? His faith acts on the powers
above him as a claim, and creates its own verification.

Passage Source: Extracted from the book The Will to Believe and Other Essays in Popular Philosophy by William James
The author of the passage alleges:
A)that hearts of women are vanquished as they do not accept men for what they are
B)for two people to iron out their differences, they need make some adjustments
C)that two people cannot have healthy relations if they only come half-way to meet one another
D)for relations to be fruitful between two people, they need to make some adjustments
Explanation:-
The answer for this question can be found from the lines: Do you like me or not?for example. Whether you do or not depends, in
countless instances, on whether I meet you half-way, am willing to assume that you must like me, and show you trust and

expectation. The previous faith on my part in your liking's existence is in such cases what makes your liking come.
These clearly outline the fact that for two people to like one another, both would have to make adjustments. The other options
mutilate the original sense of the passage either altering the context of the information provided or changing the information
itself.

Question No. : 71
Mr. Cooper went to Indian Grand Prix at Budh circuit, Greater Noida . The top four pole position's are acquired by Mr. Vettel , Mr.
Webber , Mr. Alonso & Mr. Kimi in any order.
Mrs Cooper who could not join him was anxious about results. So as soon as Mr. Cooper came back, she asked Mr. Cooper who
won the race? Mr. Cooper who was irritated because his favorite contestant could not finish first.
All the top Finishers are same as the top four pole positions and in the Award ceremony they are sitting in a row
All of them drove cars of different colors, viz., Green, Yellow, White and Red.
There was only one runner-up and he was sitting beside Mr. Kimi and he is not Mr. Alonso.
The runner-up was driving the Green car.
Ms. Alonso was not sitting at the ends in the Award ceremony.
The winner and the runner-up were not sitting adjacent to each other.
Mr.Kimi was driving a white Car.
Mr. Vettel was not driving the Green color car.
The Contestants driving the Yellow car and the White car were at the ends.

Who drove the Red Car?

A)Mr.Vettel

B)Mr. Webber

C)Mr. Alonso

D)Mr. Kimi

Explanation:-
Solution:
Consider the following statements:
All of them were sitting in a row.
2. All of them drove cars of different colors, viz., Green, Yellow, White and Red.
3. There was only one runner-up and he was sitting beside Mr. Kimi and he is not Mr. Alonso
4. The runner-up was driving the Green car.
5. Ms. Alonso was not sitting at the ends in the Award ceremony.
6. The winner and the runner-up were not sitting adjacent to each other.
7. Mr. Kimi was driving a white Car.
8. Mr. Vettel was not driving the Green color car.
9. The Contestants driving the Yellow car and the White car were at the ends.

10. The winner was driving Yellow car (This is obtained from the facts that the Runner-up was sitting next to Mr. Kimi and that the
winner was not seated next to the runner up. Thus, the winner would have to be at the other end. The person at the other end was
driving a yellow car).

Using (1), (2), (7), (9) and (10), we have

Yellow Car White Car

Mr. Kimi

Winner

Using (3) and (4), we have

Yellow Car

Red Car

Green Car

White Car

Mr. Kimi

Winner

Runner up

Using (5) and (8), we have the final arrangement as:

Yellow Car

Red Car

Green Car

White Car

Mr. Vettel

Mr. Alonso

Mr. Webber

Mr. Kimi

Winner

Runner up


Thus, Mr. Alonso drove the red car.

Question No. : 72
Mr. Cooper went to Indian Grand Prix at Budh circuit, Greater Noida . The top four pole position's are acquired by Mr. Vettel , Mr.
Webber , Mr. Alonso & Mr. Kimi in any order.
Mrs Cooper who could not join him was anxious about results. So as soon as Mr. Cooper came back, she asked Mr. Cooper who
won the race? Mr. Cooper who was irritated because his favorite contestant could not finish first.
All the top Finishers are same as the top four pole positions and in the Award ceremony they are sitting in a row
All of them drove cars of different colors, viz., Green, Yellow, White and Red.
There was only one runner-up and he was sitting beside Mr. Kimi and he is not Mr. Alonso.
The runner-up was driving the Green car.
Ms. Alonso was not sitting at the ends in the Award ceremony.
The winner and the runner-up were not sitting adjacent to each other.
Mr.Kimi was driving a white Car.
Mr. Vettel was not driving the Green color car.
The Contestants driving the Yellow car and the White car were at the ends.

Mr. Alonso was sitting adjacent to

A)Mr. Vettel and Mr. Kimi

B)Mr. Webber and Mr. Kimi

C)Mr. Vettel and Mr. Webber

D)Mr. Webber only

Explanation:-
Solution:
Consider the following statements:
All of them were sitting in a row.
2. All of them drove cars of different colors, viz., Green, Yellow, White and Red.
3. There was only one runner-up and he was sitting beside Mr. Kimi and he is not Mr. Alonso
4. The runner-up was driving the Green car.
5. Ms. Alonso was not sitting at the ends in the Award ceremony.
6. The winner and the runner-up were not sitting adjacent to each other.
7. Mr. Kimi was driving a white Car.
8. Mr. Vettel was not driving the Green color car.
9. The Contestants driving the Yellow car and the White car were at the ends.

10. The winner was driving Yellow car (This is obtained from the facts that the Runner-up was sitting next to Mr. Kimi and that the
winner was not seated next to the runner up. Thus, the winner would have to be at the other end. The person at the other end was
driving a yellow car).

Using (1), (2), (7), (9) and (10), we have

Yellow Car White Car

Mr. Kimi

Winner

Using (3) and (4), we have

Yellow Car

Red Car

Green Car

White Car

Mr. Kimi

Winner

Runner up

Using (5) and (8), we have the final arrangement as:

Yellow Car

Red Car

Green Car

White Car

Mr. Vettel

Mr. Alonso

Mr. Webber

Mr. Kimi

Winner

Runner up

Mr. Alonso was sitting adjacent to Mr. Webber and Mr. Vettel.

Question No. : 73
Mr. Cooper went to Indian Grand Prix at Budh circuit, Greater Noida . The top four pole position's are acquired by Mr. Vettel , Mr.
Webber , Mr. Alonso & Mr. Kimi in any order.
Mrs Cooper who could not join him was anxious about results. So as soon as Mr. Cooper came back, she asked Mr. Cooper who
won the race? Mr. Cooper who was irritated because his favorite contestant could not finish first.
All the top Finishers are same as the top four pole positions and in the Award ceremony they are sitting in a row
All of them drove cars of different colors, viz., Green, Yellow, White and Red.
There was only one runner-up and he was sitting beside Mr. Kimi and he is not Mr. Alonso.
The runner-up was driving the Green car.
Ms. Alonso was not sitting at the ends in the Award ceremony.
The winner and the runner-up were not sitting adjacent to each other.
Mr.Kimi was driving a white Car.
Mr. Vettel was not driving the Green color car.
The Contestants driving the Yellow car and the White car were at the ends.

Which car was driven by Mr. Vettel?

A)Yellow

B)Red

C)Green

D)White

Explanation:-
Solution:
Consider the following statements:
All of them were sitting in a row.
2. All of them drove cars of different colors, viz., Green, Yellow, White and Red.
3. There was only one runner-up and he was sitting beside Mr. Kimi and he is not Mr. Alonso
4. The runner-up was driving the Green car.
5. Ms. Alonso was not sitting at the ends in the Award ceremony.
6. The winner and the runner-up were not sitting adjacent to each other.
7. Mr. Kimi was driving a white Car.
8. Mr. Vettel was not driving the Green color car.
9. The Contestants driving the Yellow car and the White car were at the ends.

10. The winner was driving Yellow car (This is obtained from the facts that the Runner-up was sitting next to Mr. Kimi and that the
winner was not seated next to the runner up. Thus, the winner would have to be at the other end. The person at the other end was
driving a yellow car).

Using (1), (2), (7), (9) and (10), we have

Yellow Car White Car

Mr. Kimi

Winner

Using (3) and (4), we have

Yellow Car

Red Car

Green Car

White Car

Mr. Kimi

Winner

Runner up

Using (5) and (8), we have the final arrangement as:

Yellow Car

Red Car

Green Car

White Car

Mr. Vettel

Mr. Alonso

Mr. Webber

Mr. Kimi

Winner

Runner up

Mr. Vettel drove the Yellow car.

Question No. : 74
Mr. Cooper went to Indian Grand Prix at Budh circuit, Greater Noida . The top four pole position's are acquired by Mr. Vettel , Mr.
Webber , Mr. Alonso & Mr. Kimi in any order.
Mrs Cooper who could not join him was anxious about results. So as soon as Mr. Cooper came back, she asked Mr. Cooper who
won the race? Mr. Cooper who was irritated because his favorite contestant could not finish first.
All the top Finishers are same as the top four pole positions and in the Award ceremony they are sitting in a row
All of them drove cars of different colors, viz., Green, Yellow, White and Red.
There was only one runner-up and he was sitting beside Mr. Kimi and he is not Mr. Alonso.
The runner-up was driving the Green car.
Ms. Alonso was not sitting at the ends in the Award ceremony.
The winner and the runner-up were not sitting adjacent to each other.
Mr.Kimi was driving a white Car.
Mr. Vettel was not driving the Green color car.
The Contestants driving the Yellow car and the White car were at the ends.

Who was the runner-up?

A)Mr. Vettel

B)Mr. Alonso

C)Mr. Webber

D)Mr. Kimi

Explanation:-
Solution:
Consider the following statements:
All of them were sitting in a row.
2. All of them drove cars of different colors, viz., Green, Yellow, White and Red.
3. There was only one runner-up and he was sitting beside Mr. Kimi and he is not Mr. Alonso
4. The runner-up was driving the Green car.
5. Ms. Alonso was not sitting at the ends in the Award ceremony.
6. The winner and the runner-up were not sitting adjacent to each other.
7. Mr. Kimi was driving a white Car.
8. Mr. Vettel was not driving the Green color car.
9. The Contestants driving the Yellow car and the White car were at the ends.

10. The winner was driving Yellow car (This is obtained from the facts that the Runner-up was sitting next to Mr. Kimi and that the
winner was not seated next to the runner up. Thus, the winner would have to be at the other end. The person at the other end was
driving a yellow car).

Using (1), (2), (7), (9) and (10), we have

Yellow Car White Car

Mr. Kimi

Winner

Using (3) and (4), we have

Yellow Car

Red Car

Green Car

White Car

Mr. Kimi

Winner

Runner up

Using (5) and (8), we have the final arrangement as:

Yellow Car

Red Car

Green Car

White Car

Mr. Vettel

Mr. Alonso

Mr. Webber

Mr. Kimi

Winner

Runner up

Mr. Webber was the runner-up of the contest.


Question No. : 75
1. Do early childhood vaccinations cause autism, as the American model Jenny McCarthy maintains?

A. Are human carbon emissions at the root of global warming?


B. Since anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions do cause climate change, cutting our emissions would make a difference to
future warming.
C. Come to that, if I flick this switch, will it make the light on the porch come on?
D. By contrast, autism cannot be prevented by leaving children unvaccinated.
E. Presumably I dont need to persuade you that these would be incredibly useful things to know.
F. Now, theres a subtlety here.
6. For our judgments to be much use to us, we have to distinguish between causal relations and mere correlations.
A)CAEBFD

B)ACEBDF

C)ACBDEF

D)CADBFE

Explanation:-
The first thing that can be clearly established in this case is that the questions A and C follow the question provided in statement 1.
Remember, we cannot determine the order of A and C. Any of these questions could come first. Also, statements B and D need to
occur together and in this order (as these two statements are based on the answers to the questions). Now this means that options
1 and 4 are eliminated. Now what should follow statements 1AC? Statement E is the right follow up as it is a comment on the
three questions asked. This is followed by the two answers and then statement F links up with statement 6 to provide us the right
answer.
Question No. : 76
Those in writerly disciplines like History, English or Political science may believe they are writers yet successful academic prose is
rarely adjudged by ordinary standards. While ordinary writing seeks to delight (and pontificate, sometimes!), academic writing is
impregnated with ambiguity as it has to be necessarily staid but clever, anonymous yet cogent and also clear but completist. All
this is rooted in the audience. Ideally, academic prose is impersonal, written by a disinterested mind for similar souls. But since it
targets a select, hyper-knowledgeable clique of mutually acquainted specialists, it is, in fact, the most personal writing ever.
A)Hence if journalists sound friendly, its because theyre writing for strangers but with academics, its the reverse
B)Hence in reality, academic writing, though meant to be consumed by the classes, is actually devoured by the masses
C)Hence if academic writing appears too personal to an ordinary reader, its audience is to blame
D)Hence it is no surprise that such writing, replete with the use of jargon, fails to appeal to the lay mind
Explanation:-
Option 2 is factually incorrect in the context of this paragraph as academic writing is in fact, consumed not by the masses, but by
close-knit groups of hyper-knowledgeable people. The word personal in the last line actually refers to the authors terminology,
understandable only by his intended audience.
Option 3 is wrong as it misinterprets the meaning of personal as used in the last line.
Option 4 talks of the limited appeal of academic writing, which is a given. The focus of the paragraph is on the stylistic differences
between ordinary writing and academic writing. Since the choice does not touch upon this central idea, it can be eliminated.
Option 1 completes the contrast initiated by the author between the stylistics of ordinary writing and academic writing as well as
their readership. To understand this seemingly paradoxical situation, look at the following:
Journalists -- Sound friendly because they write keeping strangers in mind
Academics Sound remote, unfriendly as they write for a well-informed, intimate audience.

Question No. : 77
BOUGHT
A)The achievement of such control at an early age may be bought at a price which few parents today would be willing to pay
B)I never bought into the idea of a federalist state that has the capability to deal with insurgency issues in the different parts of
the country
C)I bought this off at an auction meant for raising money by a charity to help patients suffering from racial attacks
D)He bought the newspaper of by placing a lot of advertisements and this forced the newspaper management from printing

anything against him


Explanation:-
The correct phrasal verb is bought off and not bought of
Question No. : 78
1. Immigration Enforcement (IE) replaced part of the UK Border Agency in 2013 to carry on the work of tackling so-called
immigration offences.
2. According to Home Office statistics, there were more than 4400 enforcement visit arrests linked to information received last

year, leading to over 1000 subsequent removals.


3. In total there were over 12,000 enforced removals for breaches of UK immigration law in 2014.
4. The spectre of the illegal immigrant in the mass media allows the raids to take place with little public concern.

A)Statement 1

B)Statement 2

C)Statement 3

D)Statement 4

Explanation:-
In the given case, statement 4 is the odd one out. The other three statements are introductory statements that are placed in the
order 1-2-3. These three statements introduce the topic of the paragraph. Statement 4 provides background information and
reasons for the given issue. Since no such discussion is carried out by the other three statements, this statement does not link with
the other statements.
Question No. : 79
1. The sight of the communist Party slashing state jobs and bankrolling the rise of a home owning bourgeoisie showed that
communism as Mao knew it was truly finished.
2. It also privatized the real estate sector, allowing individual property ownership for the first time.
3. As falling global demand idled plants around the country, Beijing began to downsize bloated state factories, laying off tens of
millions, and sold many small state firms to private owners.
4. The bold moves opening to the world, relaxing the internal passport system, allowing increased inequality- have been
replaced by efforts to increase social welfare, lower the environmental impact of rapid growth, and redistribute portions of the
economic pie.

A)Statement 1

B)Statement 2

C)Statement 3

D)Statement 4

Explanation:-
The correct sequence is 3-2-1. As stated the global demand plummeted, Beijing took steps to downsize factories. Sentence 2 is an
extension of the idea and sentence 1 behaves as the conclusion. Statement 4 is the opposite of what is stated.
Question No. : 80
1. But as the brand spreads worldwide, Uber not only grabs control over local consumer markets for ride services but upends an
entrenched industry hierarchy.
2. According to a California Superior Court filing last week, the California Labor Commission decided Uber isnt just a miracle of
digital innovation in the public service: The app is actually a boss.
3. According to Uber, thats just part of the convenience: Users can instantly request rides and pay seamlessly via smartphone.
4. And though its true that many regular cabbies are legally categorized with the same dubious independent contractor
designation, Ubers monopolistic and ubiquitous software has opened new avenues of exploitation.

A)Statement 1

B)Statement 2

C)Statement 3

D)Statement 4

Explanation:-
The connected set of statements in this case is 3-1-4. The clear odd one out in this case is statement 2, which is based on an
altogether different subject, the legal side of the matter pertaining to Uber. This does not find any mention in the other statements
and this means that statement 2 is the odd one out.
Question No. : 81
1. Published by the Massachusetts Council for Occupational Safety and Health (MassCOSH), National COSH, and other advocacy
groups, the analysis of the industry shows that, despite the green sectors clean, progressive image, workers remain imperiled by
old-school industrial hazards.
2. The industries that pride themselves on being friends of the earth are often hostile to workers, according to new research on the
safety conditions in recycling plants.
3. Some cities allow dumping of mixed trash, leaving workers to separate metal cans from organic waste, or battery fluid from
old meatloaf (cities could prevent such dangers through the slight inconvenience of simply requiring people to separate garbage
beforehand).
4. Workers face intense stress, dangerous machinery, and inadequate safeguards, while toiling in strenuous positions amid
constant toxic exposures.
A)Statement 1
Explanation:-

B)Statement 2

C)Statement 3

D)Statement 4

In this case, statements 2-1-4 form the connected pair of statements. These are directly related to the research published by
MassCOSH. Statement 3 introduces a specific point about waster material that does not directly link with the other three
statements in the given case.
Question No. : 82
Around a wastewater reservoir on the outskirts of Chinas fourth largest city, Tianjin, tower blocks built to one of the most
stringent green building codes in the world rise in eco-cells bound by broad roads while, in strips of green space around the
Yincheng Reservoir, wind farms have been planted. This is Tianjin Eco-city, a joint venture of China and Singapore, and designed to
be A thriving city which socially harmonious, environmentally-friendly and resource efficienta model of sustainable
development. According to MIT Technology Review, $6.5 billion has been invested by the two governments as of 2012.
Unfortunately, as both a city and as a model of sustainable development, Tianjin Eco-city has all the hallmarks of failure. One
doesnt even need to read the articles about how difficult its been to convince people to move there, or the inconveniences they
face when they do, to see why. A glance through the city images reveals everything: grandiose buildings on huge setbacks, wide
roads clearly designed for speed, green spacenot parksforming buffers on sidewalks and highway medians and all overseen
by the aforementioned apartment towers.

Its Le Corbusier with solar panels. That sort of city, built from scratch and at such a scale to crush the human life out of a city,
designed around the car at highway speeds and the misguided belief that mere open space (inevitably converted into parking
sooner or later) was better than any place could be, comprises the heart of decades of urban failure in the West. It was the guiding
ideology behind the planning of the infamous projectsSt. Louis Pruitt-Igoe, Chicagos Cabrini-Green and the depressing
march of cheerless gray building after cheerless gray building through the Bronxand the basic designs hostility to human life is
one of the reasons theyre remembered for poverty, drugs, violence and social collapse and not the visionary and progressive
examples of architecture, housing policy and urban planning they were hailed as.

For Le Corbusier and his followers, the goal was not to work within a living tradition or build upon what had come before, but to
completely obliterate the past. In a city or neighborhood he designed, there would be nothing left to remind anyone of what had
gone before. The street itself would be abolished and everyone would live and work in gigantic, identical, concrete towers. Its
unclear if there was room in his utopia for churches or even farms and factories. Not for nothing has Theodore Dalrymple
compared Le Corbusier to Pol Pot, he wanted to start from Year Zero: Before me, nothing; After me, everything.

Being built around a polluted reservoir, Tianjin Eco-city is less disruptive than American projects that renewed whole
neighborhoods at a time. Nevertheless, in being built from scratch it will suffer from many similar problems. Its unclear how
many people have moved in yet. While planned for 350,000 residents, MIT Technology Review reports a population of 20,000; The
Guardian reports 6,000 and the BBC 12,000. Renting in new construction is more expensive than existing and while the
government has been offering subsidized rent and kindergarten, apartments are still empty. For those who have moved in, the
eco-city lacks both conveniences and amenities, so residents must drive to work, shop or do anything else.

The master-plan talks about promoting walking, cycling and public transit, but there does not appear to be a transit connection to
central Tianjin, about 20 miles away. The references to driving alternatives in the Master Plan all talk about trips within the city. In
any event, the wide, multi-lane roads and lack of anywhere within the eco-city to walk to will just encourage driving.
According to the author of the passage, Tianjin Eco-city lacks:

I. Conveniences and amenities


II. Affordable renting options
III. Transport options

A)I & II

B)II & III

C)I & III

D)All of the above

Explanation:-
Statement I can be derived from the lines: For those who have moved in, the eco-city lacks both conveniences and amenities, so
residents must drive to work, shop or do anything else.
Statement II can be derived from the lines: Renting in new construction is more expensive than existing and while the government
has been offering subsidized rent and kindergarten, apartments are still empty.
Statement III can be derived from the lines: The master-plan talks about promoting walking, cycling and public transit, but there
does not appear to be a transit connection to central Tianjin, about 20 miles away.

Question No. : 83
Around a wastewater reservoir on the outskirts of Chinas fourth largest city, Tianjin, tower blocks built to one of the most
stringent green building codes in the world rise in eco-cells bound by broad roads while, in strips of green space around the
Yincheng Reservoir, wind farms have been planted. This is Tianjin Eco-city, a joint venture of China and Singapore, and designed to

be A thriving city which socially harmonious, environmentally-friendly and resource efficienta model of sustainable
development. According to MIT Technology Review, $6.5 billion has been invested by the two governments as of 2012.
Unfortunately, as both a city and as a model of sustainable development, Tianjin Eco-city has all the hallmarks of failure. One
doesnt even need to read the articles about how difficult its been to convince people to move there, or the inconveniences they
face when they do, to see why. A glance through the city images reveals everything: grandiose buildings on huge setbacks, wide
roads clearly designed for speed, green spacenot parksforming buffers on sidewalks and highway medians and all overseen
by the aforementioned apartment towers.

Its Le Corbusier with solar panels. That sort of city, built from scratch and at such a scale to crush the human life out of a city,
designed around the car at highway speeds and the misguided belief that mere open space (inevitably converted into parking
sooner or later) was better than any place could be, comprises the heart of decades of urban failure in the West. It was the guiding
ideology behind the planning of the infamous projectsSt. Louis Pruitt-Igoe, Chicagos Cabrini-Green and the depressing
march of cheerless gray building after cheerless gray building through the Bronxand the basic designs hostility to human life is
one of the reasons theyre remembered for poverty, drugs, violence and social collapse and not the visionary and progressive
examples of architecture, housing policy and urban planning they were hailed as.

For Le Corbusier and his followers, the goal was not to work within a living tradition or build upon what had come before, but to
completely obliterate the past. In a city or neighborhood he designed, there would be nothing left to remind anyone of what had
gone before. The street itself would be abolished and everyone would live and work in gigantic, identical, concrete towers. Its
unclear if there was room in his utopia for churches or even farms and factories. Not for nothing has Theodore Dalrymple
compared Le Corbusier to Pol Pot, he wanted to start from Year Zero: Before me, nothing; After me, everything.

Being built around a polluted reservoir, Tianjin Eco-city is less disruptive than American projects that renewed whole
neighborhoods at a time. Nevertheless, in being built from scratch it will suffer from many similar problems. Its unclear how
many people have moved in yet. While planned for 350,000 residents, MIT Technology Review reports a population of 20,000; The
Guardian reports 6,000 and the BBC 12,000. Renting in new construction is more expensive than existing and while the
government has been offering subsidized rent and kindergarten, apartments are still empty. For those who have moved in, the
eco-city lacks both conveniences and amenities, so residents must drive to work, shop or do anything else.

The master-plan talks about promoting walking, cycling and public transit, but there does not appear to be a transit connection to
central Tianjin, about 20 miles away. The references to driving alternatives in the Master Plan all talk about trips within the city. In
any event, the wide, multi-lane roads and lack of anywhere within the eco-city to walk to will just encourage driving.
All of the following can be deduced from the passage except:
A)Le Corbusier and his followers believed in creating spaces from scratch
B)Le Corbusier and his followers attempted in creating utopian existence for mankind
C)Le Corbusier and his followers believed in creating spaces which were based on the similarity of construction units
accompanied with huge open spaces
D)Le Corbusier and his followers did not believe in maintaining the past conditions of a living space
Explanation:-
All of the options except 2 can be derived from the passage.
Option 1 can be derived from the lines: Its Le Corbusier with solar panels. That sort of city, built from scratch and at such a scale to
crush the human life out of a city, designed around the car at highway speeds and the misguided belief that mere open space
(inevitably converted into parking sooner or later) was better than any place could be, comprises the heart of decades of urban
failure in the West.
Option 3 can be derived from the lines: The street itself would be abolished and everyone would live and work in gigantic,
identical, concrete towers.
Option 4 can be derived from the lines: For Le Corbusier and his followers, the goal was not to work within a living tradition or
build upon what had come before, but to completely obliterate the past.

Option 2 is ruled out as there is a mention to utopia but that is a comment of the author. The passage does not state that Le
Corbusier wished to create utopian existence for mankind.
Question No. : 84
Around a wastewater reservoir on the outskirts of Chinas fourth largest city, Tianjin, tower blocks built to one of the most
stringent green building codes in the world rise in eco-cells bound by broad roads while, in strips of green space around the
Yincheng Reservoir, wind farms have been planted. This is Tianjin Eco-city, a joint venture of China and Singapore, and designed to
be A thriving city which socially harmonious, environmentally-friendly and resource efficienta model of sustainable
development. According to MIT Technology Review, $6.5 billion has been invested by the two governments as of 2012.
Unfortunately, as both a city and as a model of sustainable development, Tianjin Eco-city has all the hallmarks of failure. One
doesnt even need to read the articles about how difficult its been to convince people to move there, or the inconveniences they
face when they do, to see why. A glance through the city images reveals everything: grandiose buildings on huge setbacks, wide

roads clearly designed for speed, green spacenot parksforming buffers on sidewalks and highway medians and all overseen
by the aforementioned apartment towers.

Its Le Corbusier with solar panels. That sort of city, built from scratch and at such a scale to crush the human life out of a city,
designed around the car at highway speeds and the misguided belief that mere open space (inevitably converted into parking
sooner or later) was better than any place could be, comprises the heart of decades of urban failure in the West. It was the guiding
ideology behind the planning of the infamous projectsSt. Louis Pruitt-Igoe, Chicagos Cabrini-Green and the depressing
march of cheerless gray building after cheerless gray building through the Bronxand the basic designs hostility to human life is
one of the reasons theyre remembered for poverty, drugs, violence and social collapse and not the visionary and progressive
examples of architecture, housing policy and urban planning they were hailed as.

For Le Corbusier and his followers, the goal was not to work within a living tradition or build upon what had come before, but to
completely obliterate the past. In a city or neighborhood he designed, there would be nothing left to remind anyone of what had
gone before. The street itself would be abolished and everyone would live and work in gigantic, identical, concrete towers. Its
unclear if there was room in his utopia for churches or even farms and factories. Not for nothing has Theodore Dalrymple
compared Le Corbusier to Pol Pot, he wanted to start from Year Zero: Before me, nothing; After me, everything.

Being built around a polluted reservoir, Tianjin Eco-city is less disruptive than American projects that renewed whole
neighborhoods at a time. Nevertheless, in being built from scratch it will suffer from many similar problems. Its unclear how
many people have moved in yet. While planned for 350,000 residents, MIT Technology Review reports a population of 20,000; The
Guardian reports 6,000 and the BBC 12,000. Renting in new construction is more expensive than existing and while the
government has been offering subsidized rent and kindergarten, apartments are still empty. For those who have moved in, the
eco-city lacks both conveniences and amenities, so residents must drive to work, shop or do anything else.

The master-plan talks about promoting walking, cycling and public transit, but there does not appear to be a transit connection to
central Tianjin, about 20 miles away. The references to driving alternatives in the Master Plan all talk about trips within the city. In
any event, the wide, multi-lane roads and lack of anywhere within the eco-city to walk to will just encourage driving.
The author of the passage adopt a tone of ________ towards Le Corbusier.

Fill in the blank with the apt option.

A)unmitigated reverence

B)trenchant criticism

C)constant vituperation

D)mocking sarcasm

Explanation:-
In the given case, the author of the passage adopts an extremely negative approach towards Le Corbusier and criticizes his work
severely. This means that the positive option 1 can be safely out.
Out of the three negative options, we select option 2 as the author does not display vituperation (abusive or venomous language
usedto express blame or censure or bitter deep-seated illwill) or sarcasm (witty language usedto convey insults or scorn)
towards Le Corbusier

Question No. : 85
Rats, like humans, have dreams about the future. When they see a treat they cant reach, rats later dreams depict them walking
toward it, researchers have found. The discovery may one day provide some insight into what happens in the human mind during
sleep. Scientists already knew that after a rat has explored an area, certain neurons in the hippocampus called place cells replay
those patterns while the rat sleeps. Place cells in both rats and humans help us store memories about location and form mental
maps. When youre in one spot, a set of place cells fires; when you move to another spot, a different set of place cells fire to mark
the new location. If scientists can record the activity of specific brain cells, then, they can spy on how the mind maps new places. So
far, that kind of recording requires implanting tiny electrodes on very thin wires into the brain, which cant be done with human
subjects for ethical reasons, but its possible with rats.
A)Rats, with the ability to dream like humans, have place cells similar to human beings
B)Rats, by virtue of the fact that they place cells similar to humans, have the ability to dream like humans
C)Rats, limited by their ability to dream only about places, can help understand human dreaming better
D)Rats, with their similarity of dreams with humans, hold the potential of helping scientists unlock what happens in the

human mind while sleeping


Explanation:-
This is a question where some of the answers are partially correct. Only option 3 contains incorrect information (rats can only
dream about places) and is ruled out directly. Options 1, 2 and 4 are all correct but only option 4 is the correct summary for the
paragraph. It represents the core idea of the paragraph. Options 1 and 2 only represent the facts of the given situation and miss
out on the core idea

(The discovery may one day provide some insight into what happens in the human mind during sleep) of the paragraph.

Question No. : 86
As a Muslim scientist, I spend much time and expend much energy trying to convince Muslims and other believers to take modern
science seriously, with all its methodology and results and its limits.
The reverse exercise, to try to convince scientists and other educated people that religion should be taken seriously, is much more
difficult, for several reasons. First, there is an intrinsic asymmetry in the relationship: science, in addition to being a methodology
and a discovery process, is able to ascertain a vast array of results and present whole swaths of established knowledge. On the
other hand, religion (Ill get to definitions shortly), while having developed branches of knowledge, with methodologies and
references, cannot claim to present realms of established knowledge.

A)It is easy to convince scientists that they should take religion seriously as they deal with established knowledge and religion
does not
B) It is not easy to convince scientists that they should take religion seriously as they deal with established knowledge and

religion does not


C)It is not easy to convince scientists that they should take religion seriously as they do not deal with established knowledge
and religion does
D)It is not easy to convince scientists that they should take religion seriously as they deal with non-established knowledge and
religion does not
Explanation:-
The correct answer in this case is option 2. In this question, all you need to do is carefully read the answer options and identify the
correct answer. The author clearly states the following:
1. it is not easy to convince scientists
2. scientists deal with established knowledge
3. religion does not deal with established knowledge
Combining the three, we arrive at option 2.

Question No. : 87
A. Last weeks disaster not only spelt doom for thousands of household economies
B. but dealt a grievous blow to Uttarakhands lucrative religious tourism industry.
C. With the media focus almost exclusively on the fate of pilgrims, the scenes of the deluge
D. and its aftermath will linger inside of public memory, making the revival of tourism doubtful in the foreseeable future.
E. The abject failure of the State government, political leaders and the administration is therefore likely to impoverish the State
coiffures too.

A)E and B

B)A, B and D

C)B, D and E

D)A, C and E

Explanation:-
The error in the second sentence is that of correlative conjunction (not onlybut also). The preposition on is missing in the
fourth sentence. The correct phrasal verb is linger on (linger on in ),which means remain present although waning or gradually
dying. In fifth sentence the error is of vocabulary. The word should be coffers instead of coiffures. Coiffures mean a style of
arranging or combing the hair whereas coffers mean a box or chest, especially one for valuables.
Question No. : 88
A. Only after the war ended did the full impact of this agreement sink in for the Sri Lankan side.
B. Equipped with powerful mechanised boats rigged in sea-bed trawling,
C. Tamil Nadu fishermen have had no qualm about appropriating the resources on Sri Lankas side of the sea.
D. The Sri Lankan fishermen can only watch helplessly as the Indian boats rip their nets,
E. and speed away with the catch, leaving behind a muddied sea in its wake.

A)B, C and E

B)A, B and D

C)A only

D)C and E

Explanation:-
In the second sentence, the correct phrasal verb is rigged for which means to set up or prepare ready for use. In the third sentence

it should be fishermen have had no qualms, which means an uneasy feeling of one's conscience about someone or something. In
the fifth sentence there is a pronoun error. It should be their instead of its. The correct idiomatic usage is in their wake of , which
means as a consequence of.
Question No. : 89
Aided by her relentless spirit and abundance of skill, Anjum broke the physical as well psychological barriers that she was faced
with, and with her act of scaling the highest peaks in the area, she has not only accomplished the unthinkable but has also inspired
a whole generation of athletes to master ostensibly _______ obstacles.
A)insuperable

B)Gigantic

C)Intractable

D)Laborious

Explanation:-
Let us have a look at the meanings of the words given in this question:

1.
2.
3.
4.

Insuperable: Incapable of being surmounted or excelled


Gigantic: So exceedingly large or extensive as to suggest a giant or mammoth
Intractable: Difficult to manage or mould
Laborious: Characterized by effort tothepoint of exhaustion; especially physical effort

This is a question based on correct usage more than anything else. Which, out of the above words, fits best in the given context?
Option 1 is the best word as it carries the sentiment of a seemingly impossible target being achieved. Options 3 and 4 do imply a
difficult target but in the given context, option 1 is the best fit.
Question No. : 90
1. But the promise was largely ignored until the Great Recession stimulus package provided substantial funding for new
automobile technology, residential weatherization, and renewable energy.
2. Barack Obama won the 2008 election, in part, on a campaign promise to create 5 million green jobs. 3. Today, new programs for
a worker-friendly transition to a climate-safe economy go far beyond merely promoting some green jobs.
4. Organized labor enthusiastically supported a green-jobs program.

A)Statement 1

B)Statement 2

C)Statement 3

D)Statement 4

Explanation:-
In the given case, the connected set of statements is 2-4-1. Statement 3 is the odd one out here. Statements 2-4-1 combine to
provide information about the campaign promise of Barack Obama and how it was not fulfilled. Statement 3 changes the
direction of the topic and begins to explore the present day situation. This is clearly out of context here.

Question No. : 91
Morality is something larger than our inherited moral sense, and the new science of moral sense does not make moral reasoning
and conviction obsolete. At the same time, its implications for our moral universe are profound.

At the very least, the science tells us that even when our adversaries agenda is most baffling, they may not be amoral psychopaths
but in the throes of a moral mind-set that appears to them to be every bit as mandatory and universal as ours does to us. Of
course, some adversaries really are psychopaths, and others are so poisoned by a punitive moralization that they are beyond the
pale of reason. (The actor Will Smith had many historians on his side when he recently speculated to the press that Hitler thought
he was acting morally.) But in any conflict in which a meeting of the minds is not completely hopeless, a recognition that the other
guy is acting from moral rather than venal reasons can be a first patch of common ground. One side can acknowledge the others
concern for community or stability or fairness or dignity, even while arguing that some other value should trump it in that
instance

Though wise people have long reflected on how we can be blinded by our own sanctimony, our public discourse still fails to
discount it appropriately. In the worst cases, the thoughtlessness of our brute intuitions can be celebrated as a virtue. In his
influential essay The Wisdom of Repugnance, Leon Kass, former chair of the Presidents Council on Bioethics, argued that we
should disregard reason when it comes to cloning and other biomedical technologies and go with our gut: We are repelled by the
prospect of cloning human beings . . . because we intuit and feel, immediately and without argument, the violation of things that
we rightfully hold dear. . . . In this age in which everything is held to be permissible so long as it is freely done . . . repugnance may
be the only voice left that speaks up to defend the central core of our humanity. Shallow are the souls that have forgotten how to
shudder.


There are, of course, good reasons to regulate human cloning, but the shudder test is not one of them. People have shuddered at
all kinds of morally irrelevant violations of purity in their culture: touching an untouchable, drinking from the same water fountain
as a Negro, allowing Jewish blood to mix with Aryan blood, tolerating sodomy between consenting men. And if our ancestors
repugnance had carried the day, we never would have had autopsies, vaccinations, blood transfusions, artificial insemination,
organ transplants and in vitro fertilization, all of which were denounced as immoral when they were new.

There are many other issues for which we are too quick to hit the moralization button and look for villains rather than bug fixes.
What should we do when a hospital patient is killed by a nurse who administers the wrong drug in a patients intravenous line?
Should we make it easier to sue the hospital for damages? Or should we redesign the IV fittings so that its physically impossible
to connect the wrong bottle to the line?

Far from debunking morality, then, the science of the moral sense can advance it, by allowing us to see through the illusions that
evolution and culture have saddled us with and to focus on goals we can share and defend. As Anton Chekhov wrote, Man will
become better when you show him what he is like

Passage Source: Extracted from the article The Moral Instinct, first appeared in The New York Times.
Which example best illustrates the point the author is trying to make by saying Morality is larger than our inherited moral sense?
A)A woman aborts her unborn child due to her health reasons and should be labeled immoral on grounds of acting selfishly.
B)Hitler did not do morally wrong in genocide of Jews as he was maintaining purity of his Aryan race.
C)Gay marriages should be allowed as they seem immoral only because the people who decide upon them are not gay
themselves and believe it to be against conventions.
D)A nurse administers a wrong dose to the patient and he dies; the nurse or the hospital should be harshly punished.
Explanation:-
When the author talks of the new science of moral sense in the first line, he is talking of a more practical morality in which you
realize that morals have changed with time; that your opponents have also got their own morals; that morals can color our
judgments.
So the example that would illustrate best would be one that takes the practical approach.
In the Indian context, abortion is acceptable; but even today in Catholic states like Ireland, their morality makes abortion illegal.
But in any case, from a practical standpoint, the labeling of such a woman as immoral is wrong. Hence we can rule out 1.
In option 3, there is an implicit assumption that there are no gays amongst decision makers. Yet allowing gay marriages is
practically right. In fact one of the schools of thought is that there should be two types of marriages legal and religious. Gay
marriages fit the legal context, and we can leave it up to individual religions how they want to accept or not accept such
marriages. So we retain 3.
From a practical standpoint, an eye for an eye, is not the best approach to mistakes. So penalizing a nurse or hospital for an
innocent mistake is not the done thing.
Question No. : 92
Morality is something larger than our inherited moral sense, and the new science of moral sense does not make moral reasoning
and conviction obsolete. At the same time, its implications for our moral universe are profound.

At the very least, the science tells us that even when our adversaries agenda is most baffling, they may not be amoral psychopaths
but in the throes of a moral mind-set that appears to them to be every bit as mandatory and universal as ours does to us. Of
course, some adversaries really are psychopaths, and others are so poisoned by a punitive moralization that they are beyond the
pale of reason. (The actor Will Smith had many historians on his side when he recently speculated to the press that Hitler thought
he was acting morally.) But in any conflict in which a meeting of the minds is not completely hopeless, a recognition that the other
guy is acting from moral rather than venal reasons can be a first patch of common ground. One side can acknowledge the others
concern for community or stability or fairness or dignity, even while arguing that some other value should trump it in that
instance

Though wise people have long reflected on how we can be blinded by our own sanctimony, our public discourse still fails to
discount it appropriately. In the worst cases, the thoughtlessness of our brute intuitions can be celebrated as a virtue. In his
influential essay The Wisdom of Repugnance, Leon Kass, former chair of the Presidents Council on Bioethics, argued that we
should disregard reason when it comes to cloning and other biomedical technologies and go with our gut: We are repelled by the
prospect of cloning human beings . . . because we intuit and feel, immediately and without argument, the violation of things that
we rightfully hold dear. . . . In this age in which everything is held to be permissible so long as it is freely done . . . repugnance may
be the only voice left that speaks up to defend the central core of our humanity. Shallow are the souls that have forgotten how to
shudder.

There are, of course, good reasons to regulate human cloning, but the shudder test is not one of them. People have shuddered at
all kinds of morally irrelevant violations of purity in their culture: touching an untouchable, drinking from the same water fountain

as a Negro, allowing Jewish blood to mix with Aryan blood, tolerating sodomy between consenting men. And if our ancestors
repugnance had carried the day, we never would have had autopsies, vaccinations, blood transfusions, artificial insemination,
organ transplants and in vitro fertilization, all of which were denounced as immoral when they were new.

There are many other issues for which we are too quick to hit the moralization button and look for villains rather than bug fixes.
What should we do when a hospital patient is killed by a nurse who administers the wrong drug in a patients intravenous line?
Should we make it easier to sue the hospital for damages? Or should we redesign the IV fittings so that its physically impossible
to connect the wrong bottle to the line?

Far from debunking morality, then, the science of the moral sense can advance it, by allowing us to see through the illusions that
evolution and culture have saddled us with and to focus on goals we can share and defend. As Anton Chekhov wrote, Man will
become better when you show him what he is like

Passage Source: Extracted from the article The Moral Instinct, first appeared in The New York Times.
What is the central idea, as discussed in the passage?
A)Morality is something larger than our inherited moral sense, and the new science of the moral sense does not make moral
reasoning and conviction obsolete.
B)Man will become better when you show him what he is like
C)
Our habit of moralizing problems, merging them with intuitions of purity and contamination, and resting content when we
feel the right feelings, can get in the way of doing the right thing.
D)The science of the moral sense also alerts us to ways in which our psychological makeup can get in the way of our arriving at
the most defensible moral conclusions.
Explanation:-
Option 1 & 4 supplement the central idea but isnt the central idea themselves. Option 3 is central idea.
Question No. : 93
Morality is something larger than our inherited moral sense, and the new science of moral sense does not make moral reasoning
and conviction obsolete. At the same time, its implications for our moral universe are profound.

At the very least, the science tells us that even when our adversaries agenda is most baffling, they may not be amoral psychopaths
but in the throes of a moral mind-set that appears to them to be every bit as mandatory and universal as ours does to us. Of
course, some adversaries really are psychopaths, and others are so poisoned by a punitive moralization that they are beyond the
pale of reason. (The actor Will Smith had many historians on his side when he recently speculated to the press that Hitler thought
he was acting morally.) But in any conflict in which a meeting of the minds is not completely hopeless, a recognition that the other
guy is acting from moral rather than venal reasons can be a first patch of common ground. One side can acknowledge the others
concern for community or stability or fairness or dignity, even while arguing that some other value should trump it in that
instance

Though wise people have long reflected on how we can be blinded by our own sanctimony, our public discourse still fails to
discount it appropriately. In the worst cases, the thoughtlessness of our brute intuitions can be celebrated as a virtue. In his
influential essay The Wisdom of Repugnance, Leon Kass, former chair of the Presidents Council on Bioethics, argued that we
should disregard reason when it comes to cloning and other biomedical technologies and go with our gut: We are repelled by the
prospect of cloning human beings . . . because we intuit and feel, immediately and without argument, the violation of things that
we rightfully hold dear. . . . In this age in which everything is held to be permissible so long as it is freely done . . . repugnance may
be the only voice left that speaks up to defend the central core of our humanity. Shallow are the souls that have forgotten how to
shudder.

There are, of course, good reasons to regulate human cloning, but the shudder test is not one of them. People have shuddered at
all kinds of morally irrelevant violations of purity in their culture: touching an untouchable, drinking from the same water fountain
as a Negro, allowing Jewish blood to mix with Aryan blood, tolerating sodomy between consenting men. And if our ancestors
repugnance had carried the day, we never would have had autopsies, vaccinations, blood transfusions, artificial insemination,
organ transplants and in vitro fertilization, all of which were denounced as immoral when they were new.

There are many other issues for which we are too quick to hit the moralization button and look for villains rather than bug fixes.
What should we do when a hospital patient is killed by a nurse who administers the wrong drug in a patients intravenous line?
Should we make it easier to sue the hospital for damages? Or should we redesign the IV fittings so that its physically impossible
to connect the wrong bottle to the line?

Far from debunking morality, then, the science of the moral sense can advance it, by allowing us to see through the illusions that
evolution and culture have saddled us with and to focus on goals we can share and defend. As Anton Chekhov wrote, Man will
become better when you show him what he is like


Passage Source: Extracted from the article The Moral Instinct, first appeared in The New York Times.
Why does the author disagree with using shudder test as a criterion to make human cloning permissible?
A)Shudder test is an unscientific method of testing and one can only use scientific methods to test matters of science.
B)People have shuddered at all kinds of morally irrelevant violations of purity in their culture.
C)People judge new discoveries based on their understanding of morality which they feel is synonymous with purity and thus
have labeled all of them as immoral initially.
D)People are repelled by the prospect of cloning human beings because they intuit and feel, immediately and without
argument, the violation of things that they rightfully hold dear.
Explanation:-
No mention of shudder test being unscientific, hence option 1 cannot be the ans. Out of all the other options , 2nd option is best as
other options give incomplete understanding.
Question No. : 94
Two teams of three members each should be selected from five executives - A, B, C, D, E - and four managers - P, Q, R and S. Each
of the teams should have at least one manager and at least one executive. One of the two teams has to handle the Production and
the other should handle R & D. It is also known that,

(i) At least one of P & S must be selected in R & D.


(ii) If both Q & E are selected, they must be in the same team.
(iii) B cannot be selected to handle R & D and C cannot be selected to handle Production.
(iv) Only A, D & Q are newly appointed and whenever any one of them is selected, there should already be one experienced
manager and one experienced executive in that team.
(v) Both R and E must be selected but they must be in different teams.

If four managers are selected in total and E is selected to handle Production, who among the following must be selected to handle R & D?

A)P

B)S

C)A

D)C

Explanation:-
Four managers i.e. P, Q, R and S are selected. The only executive in R & D must be C.
Hence 4th option is the answer.

Question No. : 95
Two teams of three members each should be selected from five executives - A, B, C, D, E - and four managers - P, Q, R and S. Each
of the teams should have at least one manager and at least one executive. One of the two teams has to handle the Production and
the other should handle R & D. It is also known that,

(i) At least one of P & S must be selected in R & D.


(ii) If both Q & E are selected, they must be in the same team.
(iii) B cannot be selected to handle R & D and C cannot be selected to handle Production.
(iv) Only A, D & Q are newly appointed and whenever any one of them is selected, there should already be one experienced
manager and one experienced executive in that team.
(v) Both R and E must be selected but they must be in different teams.

If both P & S are selected for R & D, who among the following must also be selected to handle R & D?
A)B

B)E

C)C

D)D

Explanation:-
P & S are selected to handle R & D. R is selected to handle production.
E is selected to handle R & D.

Question No. : 96
Two teams of three members each should be selected from five executives - A, B, C, D, E - and four managers - P, Q, R and S. Each
of the teams should have at least one manager and at least one executive. One of the two teams has to handle the Production and

the other should handle R & D. It is also known that,

(i) At least one of P & S must be selected in R & D.


(ii) If both Q & E are selected, they must be in the same team.
(iii) B cannot be selected to handle R & D and C cannot be selected to handle Production.
(iv) Only A, D & Q are newly appointed and whenever any one of them is selected, there should already be one experienced
manager and one experienced executive in that team.
(v) Both R and E must be selected but they must be in different teams.

If P is selected to handle Production, which among the following statements is true?


A)B cannot be selected

B)C cannot be selected

C)Both A and D cannot be selected

D)Both B and C cannot be selected

Explanation:-
As P is selected into Production S must be selected into R&D and R is the other manager to be selected. Hence at the most there
can be three executives. Therefore both A & D cant be selected, as each of them must be accompanied by an experienced
executive. Hence, III is true.
Question No. : 97
Two teams of three members each should be selected from five executives - A, B, C, D, E - and four managers - P, Q, R and S. Each
of the teams should have at least one manager and at least one executive. One of the two teams has to handle the Production and
the other should handle R & D. It is also known that,

(i) At least one of P & S must be selected in R & D.


(ii) If both Q & E are selected, they must be in the same team.
(iii) B cannot be selected to handle R & D and C cannot be selected to handle Production.
(iv) Only A, D & Q are newly appointed and whenever any one of them is selected, there should already be one experienced
manager and one experienced executive in that team.
(v) Both R and E must be selected but they must be in different teams.

If four executives are selected, then in how many ways can the teams be formed?
A)4

B)8

C)10

D)12

Explanation:-
Four executives are selected i.e. only two managers are selected.
P/S is selected to R & D. R is selected to Production. E is selected to R & D
The persons in production can be RAB or RAD. The persons in R&D are P/S E C/D/A.
If E, A are selected into R & D, B and D are into Production
If E, D are selected into R & D, B and A are into Production
If E, C are selected into R & D, B and A/D are into Production
For each of the above selections P/S can be selected. a total of 4 2 = 8 ways.

Question No. : 98
Ram Jas College provides facilities for the following foreign languages Hebrew, Mandarin, French, Russian, German. Each of the
five friends, Akhtar, Balram, Chintu, Dara, Ehsaan, studying at Ram Jas College , took a distinct number of foreign languages from
among the five foreign languages.
Following are the details about the foreign languages in which they took:

(i) The number of friends who took in Russian is more than that in any other foreign language.
(ii) Among Mandarin and Russian, Balram and Chintu took in both the languages, but Dara took only Russian.
(iii) French is the only language in which both Chintu and Ehsaan took.
(iv) Exactly three friends took in Hebrew.
(v) German is the only language which all three of Akhtar, Balram and Ehsaan took.

Which of the following statements is definitely true?


A)Hebrew the only foreign language which all three of Akhtar, Balram and Chintu took
B)French is the only foreign language in which both Balram and Ehsaan took
C)The number of friends who took in each language is unique
D)None of the above

Explanation:-
It is given that the number of foreign languages took by each friend is different. i.e., one friend took one foreign language, another
took two foreign languages and so on. With the given information we can conclude that

The number of friends taking Russian should be more than that of any language and since only one of Chintu and Ehsaan took
it, it must be four. As Akhtar and Balram have to take, Ehsaan cannot take{condition (ii)}. From (iii), Chintu does not take German.
All the players took at least two foreign languages except Dara. Hence, Dara took only one foreign language and Balram took in
all the five foreign languages and Akhtar does not took in French. From (v), Ehsaan do not take Hebrew.
Hence, the final arrangement is as follows.

The common language among Akhtar , Balram and Chintu are Hebrew and Russian. Hence, (1) is not true.
The common language among Balram and Ehsaan are
French and German. Hence, (2) is not true.
Hebrew and German have both three participants each.
So (3) is also not true.

Question No. : 99
Ram Jas College provides facilities for the following foreign languages Hebrew, Mandarin, French, Russian, German. Each of the
five friends, Akhtar, Balram, Chintu, Dara, Ehsaan, studying at Ram Jas College , took a distinct number of foreign languages from
among the five foreign languages.
Following are the details about the foreign languages in which they took:

(i) The number of friends who took in Russian is more than that in any other foreign language.
(ii) Among Mandarin and Russian, Balram and Chintu took in both the languages, but Dara took only Russian.
(iii) French is the only language in which both Chintu and Ehsaan took.
(iv) Exactly three friends took in Hebrew.
(v) German is the only language which all three of Akhtar, Balram and Ehsaan took.

Which friend took in all the five foreign languages?


A)Akhtar

B)Balram

C)Chintu

D)Dara

Explanation:-
It is given that the number of foreign languages took by each friend is different. i.e., one friend took one foreign language, another
took two foreign languages and so on. With the given information we can conclude that

The number of friends taking Russian should be more than that of any language and since only one of Chintu and Ehsaan took
it, it must be four. As Akhtar and Balram have to take, Ehsaan cannot take{condition (ii)}. From (iii), Chintu does not take German.
All the players took at least two foreign languages except Dara. Hence, Dara took only one foreign language and Balram took in
all the five foreign languages and Akhtar does not took in French. From (v), Ehsaan do not take Hebrew.
Hence, the final arrangement is as follows.


Balram took all the five foreign languages.
Question No. : 100
Ram Jas College provides facilities for the following foreign languages Hebrew, Mandarin, French, Russian, German. Each of the
five friends, Akhtar, Balram, Chintu, Dara, Ehsaan, studying at Ram Jas College , took a distinct number of foreign languages from
among the five foreign languages.
Following are the details about the foreign languages in which they took:

(i) The number of friends who took in Russian is more than that in any other foreign language.
(ii) Among Mandarin and Russian, Balram and Chintu took in both the languages, but Dara took only Russian.
(iii) French is the only language in which both Chintu and Ehsaan took.
(iv) Exactly three friends took in Hebrew.
(v) German is the only language which all three of Akhtar, Balram and Ehsaan took.

How many friends took Russian?


A)Five

B)Three

C)Two

D)Four

Explanation:-
It is given that the number of foreign languages took by each friend is different. i.e., one friend took one foreign language, another
took two foreign languages and so on. With the given information we can conclude that

The number of friends taking Russian should be more than that of any language and since only one of Chintu and Ehsaan took
it, it must be four. As Akhtar and Balram have to take, Ehsaan cannot take{condition (ii)}. From (iii), Chintu does not take German.
All the players took at least two foreign languages except Dara. Hence, Dara took only one foreign language and Balram took in
all the five foreign languages and Akhtar does not took in French. From (v), Ehsaan do not take Hebrew.
Hence, the final arrangement is as follows.

Four took Russian