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July 14 to August 15, 2005 was the first run across the Nation on 100% Butanol. Demonstra
alcohol made from corn that replaces gas right now if we had it. The sooner we start makin
will see it in your tank, go down the road - and stop Global Warming. The 92 Buick Park A
butanol with no modifications - normally gas is 22 mpg. That is a 9 % increase. In ten stat
by 95%, Carbon monoxide to 0.01%, Oxides of Nitrogen by 37%, this in a 13 year old car w
great up hill and across the deserts.

Butanol is an alcohol that replaces gas


is made from anything that grows on the pla

Butanol can be blended in any percentage with gasoline seamlessly with inc
Butanol can be used in Biodiesel applications

Butanol: The Other Alternative

What is butanol?
Butanol is a four carbon alcohol. Alcohols are a family of chemical compounds that also inc
(2-carbon) and propanol (3-carbon). Some of the more common uses for alcohol are alcoho
commonly used for rubbing alcohol, chemical solvents - paint thinner and fuels. Initially, B
and market butanol as a solvent, with the future intent of selling butanol as a fuel.


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How is butanol manufactured?

ButylFuel, LLC has developed a process which makes fermentation derived butanol more
competitive with current petrochemical processes and the production of ethanol. This econ
under a federal DOE/STTR grant from the Department of Energy through the Small Busine
Butanol is presently manufactured from petroleum. Historically (early 1900s 1950s) biob
corn and molasses in a fermentation process that also produced acetone and ethanol and wa
butanol, ethanol) fermentation. However, as demand for butanol increased, production by fe
because the price of petroleum dropped below that of sugar when the USA lost its low-cost
BFL has developed and patented a process which makes fermentation derived butanol more
competitive with current petrochemical processes. (History of Butanol-1, 2, 3 )
What are the common uses of butanol?
Butanol is used primarily as an industrial solvent. The worldwide market is about 350 milli
market accounting for about 220 million gallons per year. Butanol currently sells for about
and $6.80 in 55 gallon drums.
Butanol is also a replacement for gasoline as a fuel, to an even greater degree than ethanol
properties, economics, safety and the fact that it works without having to modify the engine
What are the technology possibilities behind butanol as an alternate fuel?
Advances in bio-technology have made it possible that corn and other biomass materials ca
biobutanol derived by fermentation. Corn-to-butanol as a potential fuel source is just gainin
How does butanol compare with ethanol as an alternative fuel?
Butanol has many superior properties as an alternative fuel when compared to ethanol. The


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Higher energy content (110,000 Btus per gallon for butanol vs. 84,000 Btu per gallo
about 115,000 Btus per gallon.
Butanol is six times less evaporative than ethanol and 13.5 times less evaporative t
use as an oxygenate in Arizona, California and other states, thereby eliminating the n
the summer and winter months.
Butanol can be shipped through existing fuel pipelines where ethanol must be transpo
Butanol can be used as a replacement for gasoline gallon for gallon e.g. 100%, or any
only be used as an additive to gasoline up to about 85% and then only after significan
Worldwide 10% ethanol blends predominate.

Why has there been little to no effort to promote butanol as an alternate fuel?
Prior to the success of ButylFuel, LLCs work, production of butanol from corn and other b
lack of technology to make it economically viable. The problem has been historically low y
biobutanol compared to those of bioethanol.
The historical ABE fermentation technology produces a variety of fermentation products. T
produce Acetone Butanol and Ethanol. This fermentation process yielded a 6:3:1 ratio of Bu
That is, for each bushel of corn you would garner (1.3) gallons of butanol (0.7) gallons of a
ethanol with concentrations of 1-2%.
If you compared ABE yield to that of the yeast ethanol fermentation process, the yeast proc
from a bushel of corn, with concentrations of 10-15% it becomes very clear why ethanol wa
source over butanol in the 1970's and 80's.
ButylFuel, LLC's patent changes everything. We are now able to produce yields of 2.5 gall
ButylFuel, LLC's patented discovery and the economics did not exist to pursue Butanol ver
to gasoline until now.
What does ButylFuel, LLC bring to the table when it comes to producing butanol?
ButylFuel, LLC has developed and patented technology that overcomes the limitations that
the cost of butanol production from corn and other forms of biomass high. BFL is now able
from corn with no Acetone or Ethanol, whereas others have not been able to achieve better
per bushel and still utilize an ABE process. Further, BFLs technology generates hydrogen
additional attention as an alternative fuel in the future. In fact, taking into account the hydro
42 % more energy from a bushel of corn than is typically produced by a corn-to-ethanol pla
with the butanol and 18 % comes from the hydrogen.
What are the economics of the ButylFuel, LLC process?
This will not be known in detail until we complete testing on the Bu-100 (100 gallons butan
model and the Bu-1,000 pilot plant. However, we can share the results of estimates we deve
proceeding with these phases of the work.
Our preliminary cost estimates suggest that we can produce biobutanol from corn for about
credit for the hydrogen produced. This compares with ethanol production costs of about $1.
the higher Btu content of butanol, this translates to 105,000 Btu per dollar for butanol and 8
with corn at $2.50 per bushel. As a further point of reference, butanol produced from petrol
to manufacture.
The economics of the ButylFuel, LLC process will be even more attractive when waste ma
of corn and the price to produce a gallon is $0.85 . In such cases the need and cost to grow a


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fermentation, by far among the major cost items, are eliminated.
Are there other benefits of ButylFuel, LLC technology?
Yes there are several.

As an alternative fuel produced from biomass, BFL-produced biobutanol will be base

thereby reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Also when burned, it produces no Sox or N
significant environmental benefit. Of course the same can be said for ethanol produce
In displacing petroleum as a source of industrial chemicals and gasoline, butanol wil
foreign oil, thereby helping to relieve world tensions and national security that emana
Widespread adoption of biobutanol as an alternative fuel to replace gasoline would st
corn and other organics as well as waste biomass. This is a significant way to revitali
sustainable jobs.
Butanol from BFL's process also complies with the US Government's "Clean Air Act

BioButanol is made from the same

corn, sugar beets, sorghum, cassava, sugarcane, corn stalks, and ot
as ethanol yet replaces gasoline drop for drop.
It is ours - yours, mine and our neighbors choice what we decide

Check out:
The Race for New Biofuels
Demo Run
BP and DuPont Fact Sheet

Runnin' Clean, Keep'n it Green !